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EDITOR: Robert ]. Bliwise 
Sam Hull 

Susan Bloch 

Mary Poling 

Pat Zollicoffer '58 
Ladson '86 

Funderburlc Jr. '60 



Frances Adams Blaylock '53, 

president; Anthony Bosworth 

'58, president-elect; 

M. Laney Funderburlc Jr. '60, 


E.Wannamaker Hardin Jr. '62, 
M.Div. '67, Divinity School; 
William B. Scantland 
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Engineering; Daniel R. 
Richards M.B.A. '80, Fuqua 
School of Business; Edward R. 
Drayton III M.F. '61, School of 
Forestry & Environmental 
Studies; James W. Albright 
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Health Administration; William 
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law; F. Maxton Mauney Jr. 
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Amy Torlone Harris B.S.N.'81, 
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Program; Marcus E. Hobbs '32, 
A.M. '34, Ph.D. '36, Half- 
Century Club. 

BOARD: Clay Felker '51, 
chairman; Jerrold K. Footlick; 
Janet L. Guyon 77; John W 
Hartman '44; Elizabeth H. 
Locke '64, Ph.D. 72; Thomas 
P. Losee Jr. '63; Peter Maas '49; 
Richard Austin Smith '35; 
Susan Tifft 73; Robert J. 

©1985, Duke University 
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Cover: Once adorning a temple 
in Alife, Italy, a twelfth-century 
Romanesque arch stands as the 
gateway to the Duke University 
Museum of Art's medieval collec- 
tion. Photo by Jim Wallace 



Still a kid by university museum standards, Duke's Museum of Art— with strong collections 
ranging from antiquity to the twentieth century— is already rivaling its elders 


From a scholar's personal penchant for the pre-Columbian world came a world-renowned 
museum addition 


When EI Nino created havoc around the world, a scientist's routine study became an 
encounter with nature's "perverse child" 


It's part of her nature, says Secretary of Transportation Elizabeth Dole, to seek leadership roles, 
and to pursue the areas where she can make the biggest impact 


Duke's most extensive resource is an outdoor laboratory, an unparalleled place to develop and 
demonstrate forestry practices— and a popular place for recreation 


With their Voice Interactive Processing System, researchers have taken the first steps down the 
long road to artificial intelligence 


Benjamin Duke Holloway has real estate in his blood, and the United States is a different place 
because of it 



Bad cross-cultural encounters, good guidance, inspired poetry 


Outranking the sports competition, uncovering Ulysses Grant, putting a price on life 

I Am One of You Forever— a remarkable transformation of tradition 













Still a kid by university museum standards, the young 
upstart— with strong collections ranging from antiqui- 
ty to the twentieth century— is already rivaling its 

^^^L relative youngster among the 

^^^^L hundred or so college and uni- 
^^L^^L versity museums around the 
^^^^^^^ country, the 16-year-old Duke 
University Museum of Art is somewhat pre- 
cocious. It boasts a medieval collection that 
far surpasses its elders at Yale, Princeton, and 
Harvard, and an array of pre-Columbian arti- 
facts that rivals any. 

The museum has its growing pains- 
chronic shortages of gallery space and staff, a 
limited and at times irregular publications 
schedule. But the young upstart, under the 
direction of John Spencer, a flamboyant 
veteran of campus museum administration, 
suffers no lack of vision. 

Its present annual budget of nearly 
$200,000 is comparatively low by campus 
museum standards, but Duke's museum is 
well respected for its collections, most of 
which were gifts. Others, particularly the 
Brummer Collection of Medieval Art, are 
the result of judicious spending. The Brum- 
mer Collection is "one of the finest in the 
Southeast," according to Spencer's descrip- 
tion. "There are few university museums 
that can equal Duke in the breadth and 

depth of its medieval holdings." 

Spencer, who has worked with the campus 
museums of Yale, Oberlin, and the Univer- 
sity of Florida, views specialization as the 
best approach for a campus facility, parti- 
cularly when it is surrounded by older and 
better-established museums. "Almost all col- 
lege museum collections are spotty," he says. 
"Once you get by Yale, Harvard, and Prince- 
ton, nobody is a mini-Metropolitan, al- 
though a lot try to be. We must specialize. We 
can't compete with Raleigh's North Carolina 
Museum of Art in buying Baroque or Ger- 
man Expressionist art, or with the Ackland 
at the University of North Carolina in 
Chapel Hill with its nineteenth-century 
paintings. We've got to find our ecological 
niche and occupy it." 

Duke's medieval collection figures promi- 
nently in Spencer's plans. The museum's first 
major acquisition, it came to Duke three 
years before the university's museum was 
ready: Dr. Wayne Rundels of the medical 
school had seen it at the home of Mrs. Ernest 
Brummer, who was linked to Duke by a neph- 
ew, Dr. John Lazlo, also on the medical 
school faculty. The collection had been put 


Detail from a Mayan incense burner (700-90 

A.D.); inset, museum director John Spencer. 

together by brothers Ernest and Joseph 
Brummer, art dealers in New York who spe- 
cialized in medieval art. Duke purchased 280 
pieces for approximately $1.4 million. 
Spencer figures the collection is worth at 
least $14 million today. 

And it was the medieval collection that 
first bore the imprint of Spencer's arrival in 
1983. "The collection used to be stored in a 
crypt of the chapel. When the museum 
opened, it was moved over here and installed, 
and stayed pretty much that way without 
change until I came along." A self-described 
"new broom type," Spencer says he shook 
things up, moved things around, brought 
some things out, and put others away. A 
Romanesque arch from a temple in Alife, 
Italy, saw the light of day, while late fif- 
teenth-century choir benches from Ger- 
many were closeted. "The benches were nice 
but we had no place to show them properly. 
And," he adds, "they weren't really that nice." 

He also filched— 'liberated," he says— from 
the East Campus library the nineteenth cen- 
tury desk that was used by university patri- 
arch Washington Duke. A dizzying mass of 
nooks, compartments, and drawers, the desk 
is now in Spencer's office, along with a selec- 
tion of sculpture and pottery from the 
museum. "This is a great job," he says. "You 
get all this nice stuff to touch, and move 
around, and decorate your office with." 

The arch, however, remains his favorite 
find. For years tucked into storage, the piece 
dates from the 1100s, and is, in Spencer's 
estimation, an excellent example of Roman- 
esque carving. "Plus, we got a bonus in that 
people in the Middle Ages re-used Roman 
marble. The people who were carving this 
arch to go over a doorway in a church in 
southern Italy had gone to the Roman ruins 
in their town and pried out some chunks of 
marble, turned them around on the clean 
side, and carved out the little monsters and 
Christian figures that were necessary for 
their church. Now, if you walk under the 
arch and look back, you can see a large piece 
of architectural molding that came off a 
Roman temple. This is what they did in the 
Middle Ages— used Roman ruins as a quarry. 
It was a lot easier to go pry it out than dig it 
out of a cliff." 

Most of the Duke museum's medieval hold- 
ings come from churches, reflecting the close 
ties between art and religion during that 
period. During the French Revolution, the 
carved heads of eight prophets from the 
cathedral Sens, near Paris, were unceremoni- 
ously knocked off. Duke has the only one 
that survived, and scholars from around the 
world come to the museum to study it. Duke 
also has the head of the madonna from the 
choir screen at Chartres. A plaster cast was 
made of it and taken to Chartres, says Spencer, 
"to put back on the headless madonna. They 
seem satisfied with the plaster cast." 

"We've got some good Italian sculpture 
from the eleventh century, some French 
from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, 
and German from the fourteenth and fif- 
teenth centuries," he says. "In some cases, we 
can show a piece for every twenty-year period 
from 1000 to 1500. That's kind of rich for any 

The Brummer Collection was temporarily 
retired two years ago, giving the museum 
staff an opportunity to "rethink the exhibit." 
The first phase of its reinstallation was com- 
pleted last year, the Romanesque arch serv- 
ing as the gateway to the second-floor gallery, 
known as the Elizabeth Reed Sunderland 
Gallery, in honor of the emerita professor of 
medieval art at Duke. Her brother, Thomas 
Sunderland, provided the reinstallation 
funds in his sister's honor. The second phase 
of the reinstallation project is now under 
way, funded by a $28,000 matching grant 
from the National Endowment for the Arts. 
Spencer has hired a designer to lay out the 
exhibit, which has a working title of "A 
Medieval Treasury." 

"The exhibit will be visually attractive but 
also didactic," says Spencer. "It will move 
from 1000 to 1550, and we're getting advice 
from medievalists on what belongs in the 
exhibit and what doesn't. Our decisions are 
made on three criteria: the aesthetic quality- 
is it really first rate, is it a handsome thing?— 
the educational quality, and the historical 
quality. In most cases, we'll have pieces that 
satisfy all three— no question. In other cases, 
there will be objects that are not particularly 
handsome but are historically or education- 
ally significant." 

Spencer says he hopes to have the new re- 
installation of medieval art completed dur- 

ing this academic year. "It's a very difficult 
process. That stuff is heavy. That's rock," he 
says, referring to the carved arch. "One cubic 
foot of limestone weighs sixty pounds." 

As with all museums, the Duke University 
Museum of Art can only show from 20 to 40 
percent of its holdings. Spencer candidly 
admits that a sizable percentage of what isn't 
shown— not only at Duke, but everywhere in 
the museum world— shouldn't be shown. "A 
lot of what's in storage belongs in storage and 
should stay in storage as long as the world 
turns," he says. How do inferior or "poor 
pieces," as Spencer terms them, ever get into 
a collection in the first place? It's part of 
doing business. "There are some circum- 
stances where one must take a piece of 
schlock to get something good. The good 
piece is then used in exhibitions, and the 
poor one gets put away in hopes that some- 
day, someone will love it as much as you 

Which is not to suggest that everything in 
storage belongs there. Staff and facility limi- 
tations often restrict the number of pieces 
that can be shown. "We've got a piece of a 
Renaissance marble altar that's really super," 
says Spencer, "but right now we can't show 
it." He says he likes the idea of rotating art 
work— letting some rest for a few months and 
putting others up— but does not have the 
staff to do as much as the collections merit. 

Sheer numbers prevent Duke's extensive 
pre-Columbian art collection from being 
exhibited in its entirety; more is stored below 
deck than above. Items in the original gift 
from Paul Clifford were of such high quality 
that they, in turn, attracted other donors of 
pre-Columbian art from North and South 
America. "We are told we have the best col- 
lection of Mayan painted pottery in the 
United States," says Spencer. 

The White Collection of Oriental Art- 
half on loan, half a gift from Colonel and 
Mrs. Van R. White of North Carolina— has 
been photographed for Southern Accents 
magazine, one of the featured pieces being a 
pair of cloisonne candlesticks that graced 
the emperor's table in the Ch'ing Dynasty. 
An intricately carved portable altar is a cen- 
terpiece of the collection. One large jade 
vase would have required about twelve years 
of labor: It had to be hollowed out, polished— 
a painstaking process, jade being so hard. 
Then the head of a phoenix, symbol of the 
empress, was carved on top, and a gold, four- 
toed dragon, symbol of the emperor, deli- 
cately applied on the side. 

A relatively new addition to the museum, 
and a windfall by any standard, is the Hanks 
Collection. Its source: a bequest by Nancy 
Hanks '49, head of the National Endowment 
for the Arts from 1969 to 1977, and a mem- 
ber of Duke's board of trustees at the time of 
her death in 1983. The 128-piece collection 
includes works by Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas, 

Picasso, Matisse, Klee, and Calder, and 
ranges from contemporary abstracts to Early 
American primitives. Says Spencer: "The 
collection has brought things we would 
never, ever be able to acquire ourselves. The 
price tag on some would be totally out of 
reach. Just thinking about the cost of a 
Winslow Homer drawing is enough to boggle 
the imagination. 

"The great thing about the collection is 
there are objects in it that can fit into all 
sorts of exhibits, so that we could, for exam- 
ple, have an exhibition of late nineteenth- 
century American painters, using the 
Winslow Homer drawing and the nineteenth- 
century American primitive." Under the 
auspices of the Southern Arts Federation, 
the collection is now on tour through the 

For several months, the main gallery was 
the setting for an exhibit of Oriental rugs, 
recently given to the museum by two former 
Duke faculty members: Professor Alan Gil- 
bert, a Dante scholar; and Dr. and Mrs. Franz 
Schrader, he a former member of the medi- 
cal school faculty. The collection includes a 
rich array of Persian, Turkoman, and Kelim 
rugs. Also noteworthy among the museum's 
holdings: The Classical Collection, pur- 
chased by Duke's classical studies depart- 

Sixteen years ago, the 

old Science Building on 

East Campus was gutted 

and revamped to make 

way for a museum. "It 

has a welcoming 
appearance, while most 
look like you're walking 
into a bank or a prison." 

ment and featuring ancient Roman and 
Greek exhibits that date from the second 
century A.D.; and the African Collection, 
the core of which dates from the years that 
the late Dr. George Way Harley 16, Hon. '57 
served as a medical missionary in West 
Africa. His interest in the native medicine 
man prompted him to collect such artifacts 
as the masks used in healing and the wands 

used to banish bad spirits. 

In cooperation with the Durham Arts 
Council, the museum sponsors the Arts in 
Africa program. Speakers go into seventh 
grade classes in the public schools, then the 
students visit the museum for a tour that in- 
cludes films, music, and dancing. Spencer 
views this program as a particularly good way 
to introduce youngsters to museums. "Hav- 
ing danced in a museum, they don't feel it's a 
sanctified sanctorum." 

Spencer also promotes Sunday afternoon 
concerts in the museum, performed by local 
musicians. He is a staunch supporter of 
museum availability, and he's proud of the 
fact that the Duke museum is one of the very 
few campus museums that look inviting in- 
stead of foreboding. "Duke's museum has a 
welcoming appearance," he says, "while most 
look like you're walking into a bank or a pri- 
son. It was a wonderful conversion." 

The conversion came in 1969, when the 
old Science Building on East Campus— 
vintage 1927— was completely gutted and 
revamped. All that remains of the original 
structure is the Georgian exterior and the 
ghost of lecture halls past, now the main 
two-story gallery of the museum. One last 
vestige of the building's former life in sci- 
ence: Half of the geology department is 

housed in the museum's basement, although 
plans are in the works for the fragmented 
department to be united in Old Chemistry 
on West Campus. Establishing a museum 
was a pet project of then-Duke President 
Douglas Knight; and many others at the 
university shared his sentiments that 
museum facilities— then only a wing of 
Perkins Library— were insufficient at best, 
and unseemly at worst, for a major 

Spencer gets a special kick out of the fact 
that of the 18,000 or so visiting the museum 
each year, there's a steady stream of traveling 
salesmen. "They have some guidebook that 
lists places to see up and down the East 
Coast," he says. "And they always seem to 

make it over to our museum, guidebook in 

Even while he believes that campus 
museums should be available to all people, 
he does not believe they should be all things 
to all people. "They should be specialized," 
he says. "But they can, by means of special 
exhibitions, fill in the gaps. So even if we 
don't have a lot of paintings, for example, we 
should be able to work out exchanges." 

Duke's museum is in a pretty enviable posi- 
tion to augment its collections with loans, 
because its holdings are excellent trading 
chips. "The first thing you learn in the mu- 
seum business is that Polonius' advice to 
Laertes has to be turned around," says 
Spencer. "If you want to be a borrower, you 

must be a lender." For example, the museum 
recently sent some fifty items from its pre- 
Columbian collection to Northern Illinois 
State University, and has another group at 
the Memphis Pink Palace Museum in Ten- 
nessee. "It's a pretty good museum that can 
lend fifty things to Memphis and another 
fifty to DeKalb, Illinois, and still have a lot 
left. We've got something very important." 

An extensive shell collection went on 
long-term loan to the Mariners Museum in 
coastal Beaufort, North Carolina. "Beautiful 
as it was," says Spencer, "it was of greater uti- 
lity in Beaufort. And they were just— no pun 
intended— happy as clams." 

Both the museum and its director are blue 
chippers in attracting special exhibitions. 


Since 1973, when Paul Clifford 
donated some 1,100 items, the 
pre-Columbian collection in 
Duke's art museum has emerged 
as one of the top ten in the nation. Visiting 
scholars have ranked the Mayan pottery 
collection among the best in the world. Ac- 
cording to Ron Bishop, specialist in materi- 
als at the Smithsonian Institution, Duke's 
holdings of Mayan pottery represent "an ex- 
tremely valuable study collection," contain- 
ing unique items as well as "multiple exam- 
ples of similar styles." 

Many see Duke's museum as a center for 
pre-Columbian study, says museum director 
John Spencer. "A fellow who's working on his 
doctorate at Yale said to me, 'Yale's a good 
place to get your Ph.D., but you've got to go 
to Duke to look at the material.' " 

Both Clifford and Duke became involved 
with pre-Columbian art in a circuitous fash- 
ion. Clifford had originally intended to 
study classical archaeology after graduating 
from Ohio's Marietta College in 1937, but 
his plans were altered by the Depression. At 
that time, he recalls, "nobody was interested 
in archaeology. Frankly, nobody was inter- 

ested in anything." Instead of becoming an 
archaeologist, Clifford was "sidetracked" into 
a career in food marketing and personnel 
management. He maintained an interest in 
antiquities, however, as a hobby. 

In the early Fifties, while Clifford was liv- 
ing in Miami, his original fascination with 
Old World archaeology took an unexpected 
southerly turn. "For the first time, I began to 
see these absolutely marvelous things being 
brought in [from Latin America]," he says. A 
personal friend, director of the University of 
Miami's Lowe Gallery, introduced him to the 
artistry of Peruvian textiles. He also identi- 
fied a Peruvian vase Clifford had received as 
a gift as being Nasca, well over a thousand 
years old. 

For Clifford, a Massachusetts native who 
had thought of American Indians as "sav- 
ages" who murdered his ancestors, these were 
revolutionary revelations. The self-avowed 
"frustrated Egyptologist" says his pre-Colum- 
bian collection's beginnings was a matter of 
being in the right place at the right time. "In 
'52 and '53,1 could buy a magnificent Moche 
vessel for $35." When dealers came in from 
Central and South America, the first place 
they would go was to a museum, which would 
then refer them to Clifford. "I was the only 
one interested." 

Clifford's reputation as an art collector 
spread quickly in Miami and eventually 
reached villages in Central and South Ameri- 
ca. "Peru is a relatively small country," he says, 
"and after a while the word kind of went out 
that if anyone had anything to sell, call Paul 
Clifford." Despite his "awful Spanish," he 
had no difficulty locating pre-Columbian art 
in Central America. In Costa Rica, during 
the days when exporting was legal, the honk 
of a horn would bring people out of their 
houses bearing "goodies" wrapped up in 

Why collect? For some, art collecting has 
functioned as a tax shelter. Others may ac- 
quire artifacts to prove pet theories— such as 
the origins of humans in the New World. But 
Clifford's reasons were purer: "I collected 

because of the archaeology." Concurrent 
with his commitment of spare time and 
money to collecting was an intellectual com- 
mitment to "find out everything I could" 
about pre-Columbian art. 

By the early Seventies, the Clifford house- 
hold—then located in Atlanta— was being 
overrun with stirrup-spout vessels, delicate 
textiles, and oversized jars. The man who 
once thought American Indians produced 
little more than bows and arrows was describ- 
ing their craftsmanship as "spectacular" and 
lending their artwork to museums. 

The hundreds of artifacts Clifford had 
moved in a U-Haul from Miami to Atlanta 
were becoming a cause for concern. "There 
was no security, no insurance," he says. "I was 
worried mainly because of possible breakage 
or fire. I could see someone hearing I had a 



Last year, the museum featured a selection of 
Peruvian art from the famed Arthur M. 
Sackler Collection. The exhibit stopped at 
Duke while on an international tour that 
included museums in Scotland and Japan. 
Also last year, Milo Beach, director of the 
new Sackler Wing of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution's Freer Gallery of Art, worked with 
Duke's museum on an exhibit marking Indian 
American Friendship Year. It featured paint- 
ings by Hindu and Muslim artists from the 
seventeenth century, as well as textiles and 
selected art objects. 

Two years ago, in conjunction with Duke's 
Institute of the Arts and its year-long festival, 
"Abstract Expressionism and American Art 
of the Fifties," the museum sponsored an 

exhibit of Fifties paintings loaned to Duke by 
the Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum- 
including works by de Kooning, Still, 
Frankenthaler, and Gottlieb. "If you went to 
the Hirshhorn during that period," says 
Spencer, "you saw blank spaces on the wall 
and a note, 'On loan to the Duke University 
Museum of Art.'" 

Before coming to Duke in 1978 as chair- 
man of the art department, Spencer was, for 
six years, head of the National Endowment 
for the Arts' museum program. And he is al- 
ways willing to activate what he terms "the 
last of the Old Boy network" to secure works 
of art for a Duke exhibit. His connections 
with the "old Arts Endowment alumni," who 
are now scattered all over the country, are 

invaluable. "It's a question of phoning up one 
of the buds and saying, 'Hey, look, I need two 
pictures for this kind of show. What can you 
do for me?' " He recalls the occasion a year 
ago at an opening in Atlanta when he ran 
into Jim Backus, who now heads the South- 
ern Arts Federation. "I started telling him 
about the things that Nancy Hanks had 
given us, and I thought that they really 
should go on the road." Within months of 
that chance meeting, they did, fully funded— 
from packing crates to exhibition catalo- 
gues—by the Southern Arts Federation. 

This year's museum schedule offers some 
standout exhibitions, including works by 
pioneer Soviet photographer Alexander 
Rodchenko, which date from the beginning of 

Paul Clifford's pre- 
Columbian collection 
has attracted scholars 
from all over the world. 

treasure, breaking in, and-being disap- 
pointed—just throwing pots around." 

As a transplanted Northerner, Clifford 
was also aware that there was no museum 
south of Washington, DC. , where one could 
view pre-Columbian art. Eager to see his col- 
lection preserved intact, conscious of his 
responsibility as a custodian of "national 
heritage," he began looking around for a suit- 
able museum. 

At the same time as Clifford was seeking a 
home for his artifacts, Duke's art museum 
was looking for a significant collection to 
house. Having just completed a $l-million 
renovation of the old Science Building on 
East Campus, the university was actively 
engaged in the art-recruiting business. 

Ultimately, Duke benefited from a Marietta 
College connection. Atlanta attorney Brian 
Stone LL.B. '63, also a Marietta graduate, 
persuaded Clifford to give the university first 
refusal on his collection. "Duke was perfect," 
Clifford says. In a deal reminiscent of the 
arrangement between Moses' mother and 
the pharoah's daughter, he found a home for 
his pre-Columbian collection and became 
its curator as well. 

Clifford describes his collection as more 
archaeological than art. To be pure art, he 
says, each artifact should stand on its own in 
comparison with other art objects. Most art 
museums, he points out, would not be inter- 

ested in a broken pot, or a roll of twine, or 
pieces of a rock from Peru. "My collection is 
a very mixed bag. It probably would not have 
fitted well into just an 'art museum.' But 
being in a university museum, it could serve 
both purposes." 

Research, consistent with Clifford's pur- 
poses, is a continual activity at the museum. 
Dr. George Bayliss, professor emeritus at the 
Duke Medical Center, has performed X-ray 
examinations on the two mummies in the 
pre-Columbian collection. Dur- 
ingthesummerofl984,a graduate 
student from the University of 
Texas found several previously 
unknown Mayan glyphs. And Clif- 
ford, himself, has conducted ex- 
periments on the whistle effects 
of stirrup-spout vessels for the 
National Geographic Society. 
About 500 of Duke's Mayan ves- 
sels have been tested 
at Brookhaven Na- 
tional Laboratories. 
According to Bishop 
of the Smithsonian, 
who supervised the study, the particle analy- 
sis will help determine the original location 
of the various clays. Clifford points out that 
studies of pre-Columbian art have become so 
precise that it may be possible to identify the 
works of individuals or schools of artists. 

The presence of the Clifford Collection 
on campus has attracted scholars and collec- 
tors from all over the world. Since 1973, 
donations of pre-Columbian art have in- 
creased Duke's holdings more than fourfold. 
Among the more recent acquisitions is a 
ceramic drum, believed to be the largest 
piece of Mayan polychrome on display in any 
museum. Clifford describes the large Peru- 
vian tenon stone head loaned to Duke in 
1983 as "one of the finest I've seen in mu- 
seums or anywhere else." 

As is the case in most museums, the exhib- 
it area reveals only a fraction of the total 
collection. Currently on display are objects 
from Peru, Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador, 

the Russian Revolution (October 1-December 
1); and Costa Rican pottery from the Sackler 
Collection (November 22-January 30). 

As with his counterparts at campus mu- 
seums across the country, Spencer views the 
Duke museum as having a special responsibil- 
ity to augment and enhance the university's 
academics. Since his arrival at Duke, he's seen 
enrollment in the course "Introduction to Art" 
grow from 200 to 1,000 students. "Art speaks a 
universal language," he says. "You don't have to 
understand or speak Bantu in order to appreci- 
ate an African mask or speak Mandarin to 
look at a Chinese bronze or porcelain." 
Whenever possible, Spencer tries to relate 
exhibitions to the academic programs at 
Duke. "But I abhor exhibitions put together 

solely for the purposes of an individual class. 
Usually those students are the only ones 
who understand it." 

So Spencer "encourages" students and 
faculty to broaden the scope of class projects 
to encompass the entire university commu- 
nity. For example, when art professor 
Caroline Bruzelius, recipient of last year's 
Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching 
Award, asked Spencer about using museum 
obj ects for a seminar on Gothic sculpture, he 
agreed on the condition that class members 
would organize an exhibition of the pieces. 
And they did. "I remember walking in to the 
opening," says Spencer. "I saw this defensive 
back from the football team who was in the 
class. There he was with six monstrous 

bruisers explaining to them the intricacies of 
this piece of Gothic sculpture he'd worked on 
cataloguing for the exhibit. It was a marvel- 
ous sight." 

The exhibit was so successful that the di- 
rector of the University of Virginia's museum 
asked to borrow it. Off it went for six weeks, 
along with fifty student-written catalogues. 
"This is the sort of thing we're trying to pro- 
mote," says Spencer, "using the museum as 
part of the class work, because students are 
much more interested in the real thing than 
the slide." 

Irked by the rumor that many Duke stu- 
dents are unaware that the university even 
has a museum, Spencer has also brought in a 
number of student volunteers. And he's just 

representing about 15 percent of Duke's pre- 
Columbian holdings. The items that remain 
in storage— including a Costa Rican collec- 
tion—are available for future exhibits, study, 
and loans to other museums. 

During a gallery tour, Clifford explains 
how he acquired a "very nice" Huari bottle 
that dates back to 700 A.D. It first came into 
his hands as fragments, the result of being 
carried once too often by its handles. When 
he returned the restored bottle to its owner, 
she insisted that he keep it. "I really don't 
want it," she told him. "I just feel so bad about 

Not all objects have been so easily ob- 
tained. Pointing to a Peruvian bottle shaped 
like a thatch-roofed dwelling, Clifford tells 
the tour group, "One of my real treasures is 
the little 'bird house,' because I know the 
man who found it. It took me about three 
years to acquire it." Why the persistence? "As 
far as I know, it is the only example in the 
world of this particular type of house." 

Clifford's adventures as a collector conjure 
up visions of cinematic lost arks and temples 
of doom. His encounters with shady art 
dealers and descents into steamy-hot caves 
are what memoirs are made of. His dedication 
as a preservationist, though somewhat less 
dramatic, is no less impressive. Early in his 
collecting career, he came to terms with the 
ephemeral nature of textiles: "We still do not 
know what to do to preserve old battle flags, 
costumes— even in our own times, and it's 
rather tragic. But we are trying to preserve all 
of these textiles as long as it's humanly 

Not all damage to ancient textiles has been 
inflicted by natural conditions, such as mois- 
ture, "bone burn," and light, frequently, 
valuable artifacts have suffered in the hands 
of local vendors. Each time crates of textiles 
are dumped out on street sides for display, 
Clifford says, "that's just one more disaster," 
He recalls one episode when he purchased 
an eight-by-ten foot panel from a Peruvian 
woman for $15, the going rate at the time. 

Sensing that the vendor was not happy with 
the deal, he asked a Peruvian friend about 
the transaction. It was then that Clifford 
learned the subtleties of the old textile busi- 
ness: how an ancient fabric could function as 
a modern-day checkbook. "If she had cut it 
up in pieces," the friend explained, "if she 
had sold a piece a week, she could have kept 
the family going for months." As it was, she 
was compelled to accept the same amount of 
money all at once. 

To critics who badmouth pre-Columbian 
collections because 
they were not ob- 
tained by archaeo- 
logical means, Clif- 
ford maintains that 
most museum pieces- 
including those in 
classical collec- 
tions—were not exca- 
vated scientifically. 
Besides, he points 
out, "There are a 
number of archaeo- 
logical excavations 
where there are field 
notes that have never 
been published." 
There are respected 

universities and museums that keep their 
pre-Columbian artifacts packed up in stor- 
age crates, "and they don't even know what's 
in them." 

As a scholar, Clifford avoids the superla- 
tives and hyperboles he tosses about as an art 
critic. Not a sensationalist, he agrees with 
currently-held theories that American 
Indians originally migrated from Asia; that 
material culture developed first in Ecuador 
and spread north into Central America, 
south to Peru. But he shuns suggestions that 

beginning to focus on former students as 
potential donors to the museum's collec- 
tions. "What I'd really like to do," he says, "is 
have a 'Duke alumni collect' exhibit. I'll bet 
you anything we have Duke people out there 
with collections to knock your eyeballs out." 
Acquisitions are an important but uncer- 
tain proposition for the museum, which nor- 
mally depends on gifts but does occasionally 
get some hard cash for purchases. Last year, a 
local group known as Friends of the Art 
Museum raised $10,000, which helped the 
museum to buy a drawing and modello for a 
late sixteenth-century fresco by Italian 
painter Federigo Zuccaro. A modello is a 
small, colored painting shown to the com- 
missioning agent before the final work is 

completed, "in case the agent wants to add a 
dog, a tree, or even his wife to the painting," 
says Spencer. 

His personal goal is to begin rounding out 
the museum's collections— a goal that figures 
in the university's $200-million campaign 
for endowment in the arts and sciences. 
(Museum support is among the aims of the 
campaign's Nancy Hanks Committee.) "Al- 
most anything anybody wanted to give us has 
been accepted in the past because that was 
policy. We're now so full we can't do that 
anymore. So I would like to be able to start 
seeking out specific things— paintings, Old 
Master prints, contemporary works by really 
important artists." 

His working philosophy for the museum 

the early inhabitants of the Western Hemi- 
sphere were influenced by transoceanic 
voyagers or visitors from outer space. Of the 
mysterious Nasca Lines in Peru, Clifford sug- 
gests that they were meant to be seen by the 
"helpful spirits in the heavens," not to be 
used as intercelestial landing strips, as sug- 

gested by Eric von Danikan in Chariots of the 
Gods. Even so, he stresses that, in the realm 
of pre-Columbian studies, "one should never 
close one's mind. We are never at the end of 
an investigation. We are never at the end of 
fabulous discoveries." 

Despite temptations to compare pre- 
Columbian art with that of China, Japan, 
Greece, and Egypt, Clifford prefers to let the 
accomplishments of Western Hemisphere 
cultures stand on their own. Most pre- 
Columbian archaeologists were trained in 
classical methods, he says. Terminology is 
often transfered, implying relationships; 
hence, the American temple mounds called 
"pyramids," Inca jars described as "aryballi," 
Mayan stone carvings labeled "stelae." Clif- 
ford even takes issue with the term "pre- 
Columbian," since it suggests that European 
influence swept over the entire Western 

was one also embraced by Nancy Hanks 
when the two worked together at the Nation- 
al Endowment for the Arts. "When she came 
to the endowment," Spencer recalls, "she 
took over a very small agency with limited 
means and very limited goals, and she turned 
it around. The two things she kept talking 
about were quality and availability— making 
the arts as available as possible to as many 
people as possible, but always of the highest 

Having taken his "new broom" to Duke's 
museum collections, Spencer is confident 
that the best of the lot have emerged on 
exhibit. "I think we've got something really 
good here," he says, "something that people 
ought to know about." ■ 


Hemisphere in the year 1492. "Pre-Con- 
quest," he contends, would be a more accur- 
ate and meaningful term. 

For a collector to single out a favorite ob- 
ject is as outrageous as it is for a parent to 
designate a favorite child. Clifford admits, 
however, that he still is infatuated with his 
first love, Peruvian textiles. "The weaver was 
a genius in the operation of the art," he says. 
"As early as 500 B.C., Peruvian craftsmen 
knew every form of needlework and dyed up 
to 192 tints." 

Of the approximately 650 Peruvian tex- 
tiles in Duke's collection, Clifford says, "all 
we can do is enjoy them. We have, of course, 
photographed them and made slides— which 
also are perishable. We are lucky to live in a 
period of time when we can appreciate the 
wonders of construction by these ancient 
people." Looking back on his collecting 
career, Clifford still mourns the stacks of 
Peruvian textiles he was unable to salvage— 
the "treasure trove that could be dust by 
now." Like the thwarted fisherman, he re- 
members the ones that got away. "I should 
have mortgaged my children to buy more 
art," he says, letting his lecturer's demeanor 
lapse into a grin. 

Although he officially retired as curator in 
1981, he continues to work as an indepen- 
dent museum consultant, maintaining con- 
tact with Duke. For the past four years, he has 
returned to the museum almost weekly to do 
"whatever needs doing." And as curator 
emeritus, he claims special privileges: "I'm 
the only one who's allowed to break anything." 

Even as he and his wife were preparing to 
move to Newton, North Carolina, he found 
time to assemble two cases for a medical 
exhibit and teach a six-session course in pre- 
Columbian art. "I'll be back," he says. On 
November 23, he plans to be on hand for the 
U.S. opening of the Sackler Foundation exhi- 
bit of Costa Rican art, an event for which he 
prepared the catalogue. ■ 

Little is afree'lance writer and editor livingin Raleigh. 












When El Nino created havoc around the world, a 

scientist's routine study became an encounter with 

natures "perverse child." 

^A^R r hat Richard T. Barber had 
in mind in mid-1982 was a 
■ nice little research project 
' titled "Biological Response 
to Variability in the Eastern Equatorial Paci- 
fic." Along with his graduate students and 
assistants from the Duke Marine Laboratory 
at Beaufort, North Carolina, Barber was 
going to study routine variations in water 
temperatures, nutrients, and the food chain 
the nutrients support. 

Barber set up research stations in the Gala- 
pagos and Paita, Peru. The two stations were 
a mousetrap to catch changes as they swept 
east along the equator from the Galapagos to 
the coast of South America. Three times a 
week, the researchers went out in small boats 
to take temperature readings and water 
samples. The only telephone in Paita is on 
the town square. Francisco P. Chavez, one of 
Barber's graduate students, would have the 
operator call Barber to tell him when to ring 
the number. Barber would dial Peru and col- 
lect the data. Other members of the Duke 
team hitched rides aboard research ships ply- 
ing the equator. 

No one expected what was about to 
happen. By September, the Duke team and 
other researchers were recording readings 

so unusual that they were rejected by the 
computers at the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration. 

El Nino had crept up on the scientists. 
The usual harbingers had not appeared, 
and the eruption of the Mexican volcano 
El Chichon in the spring had scattered dust 
in the atmosphere, muddling satellite read- 
ings over the summer. The NOAA com- 
puters were reprogrammed to accept the new 

El Nino is a massive, eastward warm cur- 
rent that appears along the Pacific equator 
every three to ten years. It can create havoc 
around the world, and this one turned out to 
be the Nino of the century. Torrential rains 
deluged the coasts of Equador and Peru, 
causing landslides and wiping out bridges 
and roads. High tides and storms that 
normally would have drifted into the Gulf of 
Alaska savaged the California coast. Moist 
air crossed the Gulf of Mexico; rains flooded 
the Mississippi River and brought North 
Carolina one of the wettest winters on 

West of the Pacific, drought forced Austral- 
ian farmers to slaughter herds of sheep with 
no pastures to forage. In southeastern Africa, 
livestock died of thirst and hunger, and crop 

failures increased malnutrition in already 
underfed regions. EI Nino did not subside 
until late 1983. Estimates of its destructive- 
ness vary. National Geographic put the toll at 
1,100 dead and $8.7 billion in damage. Sci- 
ence News said that by July 1983 , nearly 1,300 
were dead and damage had mounted to $10.6 

Barber and his team were present at the 
onset quite by accident. For the two previous 
years, the National Science Foundation had 
turned down his project, suggesting that he 
refine the proposal. It was only by coinci- 
dence that the money came through when it 
did. "I never intended to study El Nino, much 
less the Nino of the century," Barber says. 

Barber, 47, is a heavy man with a some- 
what unruly salt-and-pepper beard. He 
charted an erratic course to his current posi- 
tion as a professor of zoology and botany and 
a leading investigator of EI Nino. Barber's 
freshman year at Brown University was indif- 
ferent. "I wasn't a good student," he says. "My 
heart wasn't in it; raising hell was more to my 
liking." The second year was worse. He was 
kicked out, he says, for drunken and dis- 
orderly behavior. He left in 1957 with a grade 
sheet full of Fs, and a tattoo on his left fore- 
arm—a star and a crescent moon , the symbol 
of his fraternity. 

In the interim, however, he had discovered 
marine biology in a summer course at Woods 
Hole Marine Laboratory on Cape Cod, and 
he went to sea for two years with the shrimp 
fleets in the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida 
Keys. "Those were the boom years of the 
shrimp industry," he says. "All you had to do 
to get a job was not be drunk when the ship 
was leaving. I got a job my first day there." 

Barber was indifferent as a shrimper, too. 
Only a third of what came up in the nets was 
shrimp, and Barber's job was to pick out the 
shrimp and pluck off their heads. "The cap- 
tain of the ship said I worked at two speeds, 
dead slow and full stop," he recalls. "My inter- 
est was in picking through the trash. There 
were moray eels, sponges, crabs, and all kinds 
of things. For a marine biologist, it was like 
going to heaven. The trouble was, that wasn't 
what I was getting paid for." 

When Barber returned to school, it was at 
Utah State University, not a likely spot for a 
marine biologist. The choice, he says, was 
"sheer irrationality." But Barber and his wife 
wanted to live in the West, and Utah offered 
low tuition— an important consideration 
since this time around Barber was going to 
have to support himself. The school also had 
a strong fisheries program. "I didn't know I 
was going to be a research scientist," Barber 
says. "I was thinking I would be a fisheries 

It was not until he reached Stanford, where 
he received his Ph.D. in 1967, that Barber 
found his inner compass. Then came a fluke 
as unpredictable as EI Nino. One of his 

As unpredictable as it is 
dramatic, El Nino can 
bring unanticipated after- 
affects. The 1972 El 
Nino— not the Arab oil 
embargo— eventually led 
to sharply rising food 

former professors from Woods Hole was lead- 
ing a research cruise off the coast of Peru. 
Barber signed on. 

The fishermen of Paita gave El Nino its 
name, although exactly what they meant by 
it is the subject of some speculation. In 
Spanish it means "the child." The most com- 
mon explanation is that they gave the name 
to the warm current that usually appears 
around Christmas, so the fishermen named 
it after the Christ child. By some accounts, it 
was originally called EI Nino Jesus. The fish- 
ermen may have seen the current as bearing 
gifts, Barber says, since it carries a flotsam of 
tropical trees to the arid and treeless coast. 
Then again, the Humboldt Current may have 
been EI Hombre, the big current from the 
south, and El Nino the baby from the north. 
Whatever they may have meant, the fisher- 
men were referring to the comparatively weak 
warm current that appears on the coast of 
Peru each winter. They had no conception of 
the massive phenomenon that now bears the 

Barber describes EI Nino almost as if the 
Pacific were a few tablespoons of water slosh- 
ing around in a saucer. Normally, trade winds 
scud steadily west across the Pacific, piling 
up warm water ahead of them. As the warm 
water accumulates in the western Pacific, 
the cold water wells up off the coast of South 
America. The warm surface water is depleted 
of nutrients; they have been consumed by 
plankton supported by the same sunlight 
that warms the upper layer of the ocean. The 
cold water rising along the coast of Peru, on 
the other hand, has been chilled in the dark- 
ness below and is extremely rich in nutrients. 
Nutrients are constantly replenished from 
below as they are consumed at the surface. 
This coastal upwelling has been the princi- 
pal subject of Barber's investigation for 
twenty years, and it supports the richest fish- 
ery in the world. 

For reasons that are not yet understood, 
the trade winds sometimes falter. In 1982, 

they actually reversed. When that happens, 
the warm water that has built up in the 
western Pacific sloshes back across the 
ocean, channeled into a 500-mile-wide 
swath along the equator by forces created by 
the rotation of the earth. The warm water 
surges eastward in pulses known as Kelvin 
waves, covering about forty kilometers a day. 
The current is slower than the Mississippi 
River's, Barber says, "but on the ocean, that's 
really cooking." EI Nino is born. 

The perverse child is as unpredictable as it 
is dramatic. The 1982-83 EI Nino brought 
the deluge to the Pacific coasts of North and 
South America, and storms were exacerbated 
by high tides brought by the current. In 
1976, EI Nino brought drought to California 
and bitter winter to the eastern United 

EI Nino can also bring unexpected after- 
effects. The 1972 E! Nino— not the Arab oil 
embargo— was the cause of sharply rising food 
prices two years later, Barber says. The warm 
current wrecked the Peruvian anchovy 
catch, a major source offish meal for chicken 
and livestock feed. The feed shortage also 
led to a quadrupling of soybean prices, caus- 
ing fanners to overplant. Then, because 
farmers had planted soybeans instead of 
corn, the United States had no surplus grain 
to send to Bangladesh and Africa in the 
drought of 1974. "Until that time, there was 
never a time we couldn't bail out a starving 

While some of the Duke researchers made 
their thrice-weekly forays off the Galapagos 
and Paita, teams of three hitched rides with 
every research ship sailing the equatorial 
Pacific during the eleven months of EI Nino. 
Barber himself joined month-long cruises in 
March and November 1983. 

The climate along the Pacific equator is 
normally pleasant. Barber compares it to 
San Francisco in summer, with warm days 
and chilly evenings. The cool ocean lowers 
the temperatures in the staterooms below 
the water line. But sometimes, unknowing 
air-conditioning systems react to the warm 
air around the ship and refrigerate the living 
quarters, sending researchers to the deck to 

The first ships to encounter EI Nino were 
not expecting anything unusual. In Septem- 
ber, one team of Duke researchers boarded 
the Conrad, which belongs to Columbia 
University. When a minor problem stilled 
one of the ship's two engines, the chief scien- 
tist on the cruise worried about falling be- 
hind schedule. But the computer room 
showed that, even on one engine, the ship 
was moving east more rapidly than expected. 
The ship was borne by the current, which 
had reversed its usual direction. 

As EI Nino continued to develop, the water 
temperature rose by as much as 10 degrees 
Centigrade (18 degrees Fahrenheit), and the 


climate became more like Miami on a muggy 
August day. The normally brisk trade winds 
were dead, the torpid afternoons smattered 
with thunderstorms. The research ships be- 
came less pleasant and more spartan; the air 
conditioning sometimes staggered under the 
load. The normally arid, scrubby brown 
Galapagos turned green. "At sea, El Nino is 
the most incredible pussycat you can ima- 
gine," Barber says. "On the ocean, it is subtle 
and huge. You would never realize you are in 
the grip of a large-scale climate perturba- 
tion. If you like the Bahamas or the Florida 
Keys, you'll love El Nino." 

Despite the calm, a biological drama un- 
folded as the water temperature rose. The 
plankton that normally turns the equatorial 
waters murky brown disappeared, and with it 
the anchovies and sardines that make up the 
next step of the food chain. The usually 
plentiful petrels, albatrosses, terns, and 
shearwaters dispersed; the research ships' 
cooks could no longer catch dinner off the 
fantails of the ships. 

Off the Galapagos, sea lions surrounded 
the ships and barked. By March of 1983 , the 
Duke researchers could see the creatures' 
ribs. The mothers normally forage for a day 
and a half, then return to nurse their young. 
Now they stayed out five days, and still came 
back dry. All of the pups died. By April, the 
adults had begun dying, and El Nino eventu- 
ally took the lives of 25 percent of the grown 
sea lions. The feeding habits of the guano 
birds— pelicans, condors, and bobbies- 
changed as well. Normally they fly out at 
dawn to fish. Now they were in the air all day, 
wheeling and diving. 

"We could see that the birds and marine 
mammals were enormously food-stressed," 
says Barber. "In the Galapagos and off coastal 
Peru both, the weather was not threatening, 
but the food chain collapsed from the 

During Barber's second cruise, in Novem- 
ber 1983, the trade winds had rekindled. 
The water, which had been barren and blue 
during El Nino, was cool and brown with 
plankton. The air was brisk— chilly enough 
for a down vest at night. Dolphins cavorted 
about the ship. 

But as data gathering on the 1982-83 El 
Niiio winds down, the biological effects lin- 
ger. On the November cruise, Barber's team 
noted a marked decline in marine mammals. 
By some estimates, repopulation will take a 
decade for some island-bound rookery birds. 
Most species offish have rebounded, but El 
Nino appears to have been a disaster for the 
Peruvian anchovy, the dominant fish in the 
region for 12,000 years and the mainstay of 
the fishing industry. The 1983 catch was less 
than 1 percent of the harvest a decade ear- 
lier, and anchovy has not reappeared in 
significant numbers. The drastic decline, 
Barber says, was due to natural causes, but 

Storms at sea have more 
than a ripple effect 
for ports, shipping 
lanes, property, recreation— 
and now, scientific research. 
To chart their beginnings and 
register their development, 
Project GALE will be sailing 
into the breech to take 

data from strategically placed, 
scientifically equipped buoys. 
GALE (Genesis of Atlantic 
Lows Experiment), sponsored 
by the National Science 
Foundation and the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric 

undertaken to improve 

of winter East Coast storms. 

"These are the storms that 
produce high winds, heavy 
rains, and often heavy snows 
along the Atlantic coast, from 
North Carolina to Maine," 
says Allen J. Riordan of N.C. 
State University's marine, 
earth, and atmospheric 
sciences department. Riordan 
and colleague Sethu Raman, 
scientists specializing in air- 
sea interaction, head up Pro- 
ject GALE. "One of the ob- 
jects of the study," says 
Riordan, "is to try to under- 
stand how to predict more 
exact locations of heavy rain 
or snow bands by understand- 
ing the events that produce 

In December, the research 
vessel Cape Hatteras, the 
$3-million, 135-foot ship 
operated by the Duke- 
University of North Carolina 

will be sailing from the home 
port at the Duke Marine Lab 
in Beaufort, North Carolina. 
Scientists will set out eight 
huge buoys, equipped with 
atmospheric recording 
devices, as far south as 
Jacksonville, Florida. The 
buoys are so large that only 
three can be transported at a 
time. The Cape Hatteras will 
set out the first three en route 
to Jacksonville, then sail to 
Charleston to pick up and 
deploy two provided by 
NOAA. The final set of three 
will be picked up back in 
Beaufort for placement. 

From January 15 to March 
15, the ship will be off the 
coast of North Carolina in the 
Gulf Stream, ready to sail out 
to meet the storms as they 
come along. The scientists 
will ride it out, taking mea- 
surements—before, during, 
and after. Sometimes, says 
Riordan, these episodes can 
last up to 48 hours. "We've 
had some experience out 
there in somewhat similar 
high seas and high winds. At 
times, it can be like a floating 
carnival out there." In April, 
the research vessel will re- 
trieve the data-gathering 
buoys, which will have also 
weathered more than a few 
winter storms. 

The Cape Hatteras will be at 
sea this year for approxi- 
mately 255 days, according to 
consortium director Thomas 
Johnson. So far, the ship has 
conducted marine research 
near San Juan, Puerto Rico, 
and in the Gulf of Mexico. 
Since June, it was working out 
of Booth Bay Harbor, Maine, 
in Georges Bank and the Gulf 
of Maine. Norfolk, Virginia, 
was base port in September, 
with scientific sea treks as far 
east as Bermuda. 

heavy fishing is partly responsible for the slow 
recovery. "The very rare 1982-83 El Nino may 
have set in motion dominance changes 
among the economically important species 
that will persist for fifty to 100 years," he says. 

It's not likely that El Nino will catch the 
scientists by surprise again, Barber says. From 
what was learned from the 1982-83 occur- 
rence, researchers should be able to predict 
the next El Nino four to eight months in 

Barber's work had made a significant con- 
tribution to understanding the phenomenon. 
Early this year, the National Science Founda- 
tion, whose earlier hesitation helped put 
Barber in the right place at the right time, 
gave him a special $330,000 Creativity 

Award to continue his studies. In March, he 
traveled to the People's Republic of China as 
part of a team working out the details of a 
joint project to study El Nino-related events 
in the western Pacific. He planned a final 
cruise last spring to complete his own project. 
There is still no way to design a study of the 
unpredictable beginning of El Nino, Barber 
says. "As they say, if you can't be smart, be 
lucky. We were all ready to go when El Nino 
started.. We designed a mousetrap, then had 
an elephant step in it." ■ 

Adams is a free-lance writer from Raleigh. His last 
piece for Duke Magazine was on the Duke Marine 
Lab's research team ofCelia and Joseph Bonaventura. 













It's a part of her nature, says the transportation 

secretary, to seek leadership roles. She has a natural 

inclination to pursue the areas where she can make 

the biggest impact. 

^^/^^ reat pillars of foaming water 
^m shoot up toward the Washing- 
^^k^^m ton sky, arch gracefully, then 
^^^^r fall back into the reflecting pool 
in the Department of Transportation's cen- 
tral courtyard. The dominant fountains 
there— the most powerful ones with the 
highest reach, the most potent spray— reign 
in the middle, surrounded by lesser ones with 
smaller output. Ten floors down from the 
office of Secretary of Transportation Eliza- 
beth Hanford Dole '58, the courtyard foun- 
tains at 400 Seventh Street Southwest speak 
of power, babble day and night— in forceful 
jets and hushed trickles— of the mighty and 
the meek. 

Power. The word seems to stalk Secretary 
Dole these days. She's lived and worked in 
Washington— the city of power without 
peer— for more than two decades. Her poli- 
tical career has spanned five presidential 
administrations, and long ago she became 
accustomed to the rewards and responsibili- 
ties of leadership. 

But now Elizabeth Dole seems suddenly 
cast, with her husband, Senate Majority 
Leader Robert Dole, as the reluctant star in a 

power play. The script is sold on every corner 
newsstand. "Power Couple on the Potomac," 
shouts U.S. News and World Report in one 
feature story. "America's Power Couple," 
screams Newsweek in another. A woman who 
comes on like a "dewy magnolia blossom" but 
whose drive and ambition are "focused like a 
laser," says Vogue of Secretary Dole. 

The image of this influential twosome is 
seductive, immediate, heady, and pervasive. 
It's the headline of choice, the story of the 
hour. And if the secretary is used to the pub- 
licity that comes of their powerful positions, 
she is not comfortable with the word itself. 
"The word power just bothers me," she says, 
lowering her cup of morning's coffee back to 
its china saucer. "I read those things about 
'The Power Couple and all that. There's 
something distasteful about that to me. 
That's not why I'm here. That's not why I put 
in twelve to fourteen hours a day. It's really to 
make a difference to people, not to amass 

Indeed, within the unpretentious suite of 
offices on the tenth floor of the Department 
of Transportation, there's no heady aroma of 
power to be found, no startling sign that here 


- f 





lies the nerve center of transportation policy. 
The secretary's staff is polite, albeit all busi- 
ness. The secretary herself, though larger 
than life in print, is surprisingly petite in 
stature, nearly dwarfed when surrounded by 
her aides. She radiates warmth as she greets 
her visitor, then plunges confidently into 
her policy agenda. And make no mistake, it's 
policy with impact. 

Nearly a third of the states have fallen in 
line with mandatory seat belt laws. Well over 
half have raised their legal drinking age to 
21. Both issues are highly visible elements of 
the highly visible Dole agenda on safety, and 
their successful implementation is the stuff 
of power. 

But on the tenth floor, Dole prefers instead 
to speak of accomplishing her goals. "When 
you reach the end of your life and look over 
what you've done, hopefully you can see a 
record where you've made a difference for 
people, you've done something positive, 
made use of your life to serve others. That 
does involve utilizing power, but I think of it 
in a very different sense. It's what you can do 
with your life to make a difference." 

Although she's not particularly enamored 
of it, Dole figures that part of the media love 
affair with the so called power couple stems 
from what she terms "the quiet revolution— 
the entrance of women into the work force, 
the arrival of some into significant positions 
in government and business, and the grow- 
ing number of dual-career families. Her life 
with Senate Majority Leader Dole embodies 
all three elements of the quiet revolution in 
a highly visible manner. 

"Each of us is in a position where we have 
the opportunity to influence policy," she 
says. "And I think that's reflective of what's 
happening all over our society today. It's 
what I call the quiet revolution of the last fif- 
teen to twenty years. When I started law 
school [at Harvard], there were twenty-five 
women in a class of 550, or 4 percent. Today, 
that same class is 40 percent women. I think 
that's extremely important in terms of what 
has happened. Highly qualified women are 
coming into our work force, and I don't think 
the ramifications of what that means for our 
society have been fully felt yet. 

"But as you look at that, we're just an exam- 
ple of the many, many, many dual-career 
marriages across the United States today. In 
fact, statistics show that about 66 percent of 
women who have children between the ages 
of 7 and 17 are working today. I think people 
are interested in the two-career aspect, and 
how you manage your personal life. People 
relate to that. It's their situation, too." 

Precisely because it's not their situation, 
people are also interested in the fact that 
Dole is the first woman to serve as secretary 
of transportation; the imposing gold-framed 
portraits of her seven male predecessors line 
the walls of the lobby down the hall from 

Says a prominent 

member of the 

Washington media: 

"She's gracious but 

forthright, candid except 

when she can't be. And 

she's definitely a force to 

be reckoned with in 

Republican politics." 

Dole's office. She says, however, that being a 
woman doesn't affect her relationship with 
co-workers in an admittedly male-dominated 
field. "I don't even think of it as male-female. 
I was a commissioner on the Federal Trade 
Commission for five and half years. I was the 
only woman, but I never thought of myself as 
the female commissioner. I was a profession- 
al, a commissioner, along with the others, 
and that's the way I treat it now. The trans- 
portation field is highly male-dominated, 
but you don't think of it that way. You think 
of it as doing your job." 

Dole is also the first woman to head a 
branch of the armed services, the U.S. Coast 
Guard. She likes to say that's her own little 
footnote in history. 

But it's also a matter of record that Dole is 
a powerful advocate for women seeking ad- 
vancement within her own department, even 
as the Reagan administration continues to 
oppose the Equal Rights Amendment. And 
she's become the favored spokesperson for 
the administration's stance on women. "[Pre- 
sident Reagan] has backed up his words with 
deeds," said Dole during last summer's Re- 
publican National Convention in Dallas. 
"He's named women to the top ranks of the 
Justice and Interior departments, and all 
across the government.. When I was ap- 
pointed Secretary of Transportation, Presi- 
dent Reagan did more than promote a woman 
from his White House staff to a Cabinet post 
traditionally reserved for men. He made it 
clear that in his administration women could 
assume any responsibility." 

Upon her arrival as secretary, she was dis- 
mayed to find that women made up 19 per- 
cent of the department's work force, barely 
up from 1967, when the department was 
established and 18.5 percent of the work 
force was made up of women. Dole promptly 
set into motion a ten-point program of 
general training, education, and resource 
planning to improve employment opportu- 

nities for women in the department. Last 
winter, she hosted a dinner for 400 women 
who participated in the program. 

Fifteen years ago, before networking had 
become a buzz word, Elizabeth Hanford, then 
with the White House Office of Consumer 
Affairs, helped create an organization called 
Executive Women in Government, designed 
to help women in policy-making positions in 
government and assist younger women com- 
ing up through the ranks. 

But it's not Dole's record on women's issues 
that has attracted the attention of the power- 
watchers. It's her uncanny knack for emerg- 
ing at the crest, especially in Washington, 
the ultimate political big pond, in which 
small fish swim happily, and feed voraciously. 

For Dole, leadership came early and stayed 
late. As a third grader in Salisbury, North 
Carolina, she was elected president of the 
bird club. In the sixth grade, she established 
a book club, and elected herself president. 
She was Most Likely to Succeed and Leader 
of the Year in high school. At Duke, the 
political science major was president of the 
women's student government and May 
Queen, as well. The student Chronicle named 
her Leader of the Year for 1958. She gradu- 
ated Phi Beta Kappa, was accepted into 
Harvard, where she received a master's in 
education and government, and, in 1965, a 
law degree. 

In Washington, she distinguished herself 
by organizing the first national conference 
on education for the deaf while serving as a 
staff assistant for the Department of Health, 
Education and Welfare. In 1969, she was 
named executive director of the President's 
Committee on Consumer Interests, then 
deputy director of the Office of Consumer 
Affairs in 1971. "She was so outstanding that 
within six weeks I chose her as deputy over 
everyone's head," Virginia Knauer, office 
director, told Vogue magazine. 

Elizabeth Hanford also distinguished her- 
self in the eyes of Kansas Republican Senator 
Robert Dole, whom she met in 1972 and 
married three years later. By then, she was 
beginning her third year as one of five com- 
missioners on the Federal Trade Commission, 
during what many observers regard as the 
FTC's most stridently pro-consumer years. 

She took a leave of absence in 1976 to 
campaign for the Ford-Dole ticket, and re- 
signed the commission post in 1979 to cam- 
paign full time for her husband in his unsuc- 
cessful presidential bid. She then turned her 
energies to Reagan's candidacy, and bounced 
back big when he appointed her special 
assistant for public liaison, a political bal- 
ancing act that put her face-to-face with 
diverse interests groups with disparate needs. 
She managed— admirably enough so that by 
1983, she'd become one of three female ap- 
pointees to Reagan's cabinet, overseeing 
Continued on page 48 


Six new members have joined Duke's 
board of trustees, among them the 
president of the Association of 
American Colleges (AAC) and the chief 
Washington correspondent for public televi- 
sion's MacNeil-Lehrer Newshour. Five are 
Duke graduates and one a senior. 

A respected spokesman for U.S. higher 
education, John W. Chandler B.D. '52, 
Ph.D. '54 was recently named president of 
the AAC. The North Carolina native and 
1945 graduate of Wake Forest University was 
president of Williams College. 

Judy C. Woodruff '68 was White House 
correspondent for NBC News before joining 
the MacNei/'Le/irer Newshour on PBS. She 
was elected to Duke's board of trustees by 
Duke alumni. She also serves on the board of 
visitors at the University of Georgia's jour- 
nalism school. 

Kenneth G. Younger Jr. '49 is president of 
Carolina Freight Corporation in Cherry- 
ville, North Carolina. A Florida native, he 
attended Duke on a football scholarship. He 
has been a long-time member of the Duke 
Hospital Regional Advisory Board. 

John A. Koskinen '61, president and chief 
operating officer of Victor Palmieri and 
Company in Washington, DC, was also 
elected to the Duke board by alumni. A 
Rhodes Scholar, he earned his law degree at 
Yale University. He was president of the 
General Alumni Association in 1980, and is 
on the board of visitors of Duke's Institute of 
Policy Sciences and Public Affairs. 

Durham native Benjamin Duke Holloway 
'50 is executive vice president of Equitable 
Life Assurance, and chairman of Equitable 
Real Estate Group, Incorporated, which 
manages $22 billion in assets. 

David E. Nahmias, a Trinity senior and 
political science major, was elected as the 
board's young trustee. Nahmias, who comes 
from Georgia, is an Angier B. Duke Scholar, 
Dean's List student, and vice president-at- 
large of the student government. 

The board's membership now stands at 
thirty-four, with two vacant positions to be 
filled later. 

Duke's $200-million arts and sciences 

campaign will command considerable atten- 
tion from the newest trustees: Woodruff is on 
the campaign's national leadership commit- 
tee, the communications theme committee, 
and the Washington, D.C., regional execu- 
tive committee; Younger is on a North Caro- 
lina regional committee; Koskinen heads 
the debate theme committee and co-chairs 
the alumni gifts committee, as well as serv- 
ing on the Washington, DC, executive 
committee; Holloway is on the national 
leadership committee, is executive vice- 
chairman of the Nancy Hanks Committee 
in support of the arts at Duke, and is on the 
executive committee of the Terry Sanford 
Endowment Committee, working to endow 
the Policy Sciences Institute and rename it 
for Duke's president emeritus. 


Duke's student newspaper, The Chron- 
icle, continues a tradition of college 
journalism that began at Trinity 
College in 1905. Over those years, several 
thousand got their first taste of on-the-job 
journalism. For many, it was an important 

first step leading to powerful positions with- 
in the media. This Homecoming, Chronicle 
alumni will return to campus to disseminate 
news from, and about, the Fourth Estate. 

The 80th anniversary reunion is a follow- 
up story. "The response was so positive to the 
75th, held in 1980, and there were so many 
requests for an encore that we decided to do 
it again," says Jean Danser, a member of the 
planning committee and coordinator through 
the Office of University Relations. "There 
has been a lot of student enthusiasm and 

Activities begin Friday, November 1, with 
registration and afternoon tours of the 
Chronicle offices, Cable 13, and WXDU- 
FM. There will be a cocktail reception and 
banquet that evening in the East Campus 
Union. Judy Woodruff '68, Washington cor- 
respondent for PBS's MacNeil-Lehrer News- 
hour, will deliver the keynote address. Other 
podium participants are Fred Andrews '60, 
business and financial editor for The New 
York Times, master of ceremonies; and 
speakers Eugene Patterson, editor of the 
St. Petersburg Times, and Chronicle editor 
Paul Gaffney '86. 

Saturday's program begins at 9:30 a.m. 
in the Bryan University Center's film 
theater and is open to the public. It will 
consist of two panel discussions: "Has 
the Front Page Gone Yuppie? Prospects 
of and Problems of Upscale Journalism "; 
and "Women in the Media." The first 
panel includes University of California 
x 1 Professor G. William Domhoff '58; Fort 
1 Wayne, Ind., News-Sentinel executive 
'it editor Stewart T. Spencer Jr. '64; Ad- 
week editor-in-chief Clay S. Felker '51; 
Jason De Parle '82 , staff writer for New 
Orleans' Times-Picayune/States-Item; 
and William L. Green Jr., Duke vice 
president for university relations, as 

The second panel, moderated by Duke 
political scientist James David Barber, fea- 
tures Shauna K. Singletary 75 , reporter and 
anchor for NBC News in Miami; Gilbert C. 
Thelen Jr. '60, assistant managing editor for 
news at the Charlotte Observer-News; Ann 
W Chipley '63, former executive director of 
the North Carolina Council on the Status of 
Women; and Christine Wagner 73, reporter 
and anchor for Philadelphia's WPVITV. 


e're expecting the biggest Home- 
coming ever, with at least 1,000 
alumni returning," says Mike 
Woodard '81, Alumni Affairs' assistant di- 
rector for class activities. 

In addition to the classes of 75 and '80 
holding their reunions, the Class of '84 will 
get together for a mini-reunion, The Chroni- 
cle is holding an 80th anniversary reunion, 
and there will be separate gatherings of 
Theta Chi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, and Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon fraternities. "We're very 
pleased with the large numbers of student 
groups planning functions for their own re- 

turning alumni," Woodard says. 

For the two reunion classes, Homecoming 
Weekend begins Friday afternoon, Novem- 
ber 1, when registration opens for the Class 
of 75 in the Bryan University Center. A 
cocktail buffet is scheduled for Von Canon 
Hall at 7 :30 p.m. Meanwhile, the Class of '80 
will be registering in the Union's Alumni 
Lounge and holding an informal party, from 
9 p.m. until 1 a.m., in the Cambridge Inn. 
On Saturday, the Class of '80 will have a pre- 
game brunch at the Bryan University Cen- 
ter's Class of '80 patio and a post-game pig 
pickin on the Gross Chemistry lawn. The 
Class of 75 has planned a post-game party in 
the Bryan University Center for Saturday, 
and a nine o'clock breakfast in the Oak Room 
for Sunday. 

Traditional Homecoming activities on 
Saturday include contests for student ban- 
ners and displays, the SAE "chariot race" for 
charity, and the Alumni Barbecue, which 
begins at 11:30 a.m. in the Intramural Build- 
ing. Kickoff time for Duke vs. Georgia Tech 
is 1:30 p.m. That evening, for a glimpse of 
basketball past and future, there's the annual 
Alumni Game, followed by the Blue and 
White Scrimmage, in Cameron Indoor 

Again this year, the big-band sound will be 
around on Saturday for "Blue and White 
Night," with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra, 
conducted by Buddy Morrow, in the Bryan 
University Center's Von Canon Hall. 


Write: Class Notes Editor, Alumni Affairs, 
Duke University, 614 Chapel Dr., Durham, N.C. 

News of alumni who have received grad- 
uate or professional degrees but did not 
attend Duke as undergraduates appears 
under the year In which the advanced 
degree was awarded. Otherwise the year 
designates the person's undergraduate 


Sidney R. Crumpton M.Div. '41, retired chaplain 
of The Citadel in Charleston, S.C., was honored with 
a room dedicated in his name at the Summerall 
Chapel. He and his wife, Lila, live in Sullivans Island, 

M.Ed. '41 was awarded an honorary 
degree, doctor of humane letters, at Jersey City State 
College's commencement in Jersey City, N.J. 

Stephen R. Lawrence '41, director of COMPAR 

Communications, CIRGNA, was inducted into the 
Philadelphia Public Relations Association's Hall of 

'42 was named to the 
board of trustees of High Point College in North 

Martin L. Parker '42, who retired after 37 years 
with Donnelley Marketing, has opened a law practice 
in White Plains, N.Y. He has umpired every U.S. open 
tennis tournament since 1966, and recently refereed 
the Martini Open in Geneva, Switzerland. He lives in 
Briarcliff Manor, N.Y. 


John R Reed A.M. '35, Ph.D. 36, president emeri- 
tus and scholar in residence at Fort Lewis College in 
Durango, Colo., has been named recipient of that 
school's Distinguished Service Award for 1985. Since 
his retirement from the University of Wisconsin- 
Green Bay in 1983, he and his wife, Beatrice, have 
lived in Durango. 

Dorothy Zerbach Mills Hicks 38 has retired 

as associate professor of English at East Carolina Uni- 
versity. She and her husband, Thomas, live in Rocky 
Mount, N.C. 

Marvin Hoyle Pope '38, A.M. '39 is Louis M. 
Rabinowitz Professor of Semitic Languages and Litera- 
tures at Yale University. 

W. James Turplt '38 has retired from Superior 
Court in Los Angeles and is now engaged in private 
judicial arbitration in Los Angeles and Orange Coun- 
ties, Calif. 

Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans '39 received 

the N.C. Distinguished Service Award for Women, 
which is given annually to a North Carolinian "whose 
life has been dedicated to service." She and her hus- 
band, Dr. James H. Semans, live in Durham. 

MARRIAGES: Dorothy Zerbach Mills '38 to 

Thomas W. Hicks on Sept. 2, 1983. Residence: Rocky 
Mount, N.C. . . Marvin Hoyle Pope '38, A.M. 
'39 to Ingrid Brostrom Bloomquist on March 9. 



The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS), 
unlike traditional graduate programs, offers 
interdisciplinary studies tailored to each 
student's needs. Courses focusing on basic 
issues are designed to enhance the student's 
abilities to analyze and to think creatively, to 
strengthen organizational skills, and to 
improve writing. 

MALS students appreciate the opportunity to 
undertake graduate study without career 
interruption. Courses designed for the program 
are held one evening each week. By taking only 
one course each faU, spring, and summer 
semester, the part-time student can complete 
the course work in three years. 
Today's marketplace calls for professionals 
with inquisitive minds for research 
interpretive minds for analysis, and creative 
minds to put good ideas into practice. If your 
career would be enhanced by a broader vision, 
call or write the MALS office for a brochure 
and an application. 

122 Allen Building, Duke University 
Durham, North Carolina 27706 

U N 

mm I looked for a distinctive master's 
program that would challenge me to 
examine issues with a broader view. 
The MALS program at Duke is the 
only one I found that does that And 
Tm already seeing the practical 
benefits in 
my career. • • 


William W. Thompson '42, B.S.M. '47, M.D. '47 
was elected unopposed to the school board in Oka- 
loosa County, Fla. 

John R. Hoehl '43 was elected ptesident of the 
Orange Bowl Committee, in charge of the 1985-86 
Orange Bowl Festival in Miami. A general partnet in 
the law firm Blackwell, Walker, Gray, Powets, Flick 
and Hoehl, he lives in Miami. 

Mary Ingram M.Ed. '43 was honored in a retire- 
ment reception at Durham Technical Institute and 
named Employee of the Month for April. The first 
coordinator of the Retired Senior Volunteer Program, 
she is currently coordinator of DTI's community edu- 
cation in the adult and continuing education 

Carlos D. Moseley M.D. '44 received an honorary 
degree, doctor of humane letters, at Duke's com- 
mencement exercises in May. He is chairman of the 
board of the New York Philharmonic. 

Charles S. McCoy B.Div. '46 has written When 
Cods Change: Hope for Theology and Management of 
Values: The Ethical Difference in Corporate Policy and 
Performance. He lives in Berkeley, Calif. 

John Ryan '46 is a marketing representative for 
Henkels and McCoy, Inc., a firm selling telephone 
systems in the Philadelphia area. He and his wife ha 
four children and seven grandsons. 


i S. Brown Jr. '47, J.D. '50 became the 
first elected mayor of Kannapolis, N.C., in April. He 
and his wife, Mabel, have two children. 

H. Cole A.M. '47 , a professor of 
women's physical education at Ball State University in 
Muncie, Ind., has received the Honor Award from the 
Indiana Association of Health, Physical Education, 
Recreation and Dance. She has published 46 articles 
on physical education and educators and is listed in 
the journal Leaders in America. 

Jones Jr. M.F '47 has retired from 

| era's a thought 
A thought 

I about thinking. 
Which doesn't take 
place in full sentences. 
But in fragmi 
series of loosely-con- 
nected fragments. 

The sensible thing to 
do, says Arlene 
Zekowski A.M. '45, is 
to revise 
to mesh with 
thought patterns. 
"Grammar doesn't 
liberate; it inhibits," 
Zekowski told The 
Denver Post's "Book 
World" column. 
"Thought doesn't oo 
cur in sentences, 

Language, Zekowski 
believes, "has 
to become plastic. 
We need less 
verbiage and fat 
around our words. 
We need new forms of 

According to 
Zekowski, grammarless 
language— dating back 
to James Joyce in 
1900— is the emerging 
language of literature. 
And, this "open struc- 
ture" approach to lan- 
guage may become the 
style of language we 
speak and write in the 
next century. In the 
classroom she would 
like to see more 
emphasis on teaching 
by example, having stu- 
dents read the great 
writers of the twentieth 
century, rather than 
drilling in grammar 
rules. Traditional gram- 
mar, in her view, is the 
Sodium Pentothal of 

language, a form 
of verbal brainwashing 
that destroys instinctual 
creativity. "The uncon- 
scious doesn't exist in 

Along with husband 
and collaborator, 
Stanley Berne, she ad- 
vocates a writing style 
without bulky gram- 
mar. For the most part, 
their future language 
consists of short, eco- 
nomical phrases written 
the way the mind 
thinks — similar to the 
language of advertising. 

Zekowski has taught 
modern languages and 
literature at several uni- 
versities. Early in her 

career, she worked in 
New York as an editori- 
al assistant, and as a 
statehouse correspon- 
dent for a New Jersey 
daily. While living in 
Europe from 1948 to 
1951, she published a 
book of poetry, Thurs- 
day's Season. In 1952 
she married Berne, 
with whom she pub- 
lished, two years later, 
A First Book of the 
Neo-Narrative, with a 
preface by Donald 
Sutherland and critical 

William Carlos 
Williams. Two sample 
titles from her long- 
running book list: His- 

and Dynasties (a 
novel embracing "the 
myths, history, politics, 
and psychology of 
America"); and 
Image Breaking 
Images (a treatise 
t prose, 

painting and music, 
must be "liberated" 
from restrictive 

Since 1963, Zekowski 
has taught at Eastern 
New Mexico Univer- 
sity. She is now research 
associate professor in 
the school's Center for 
Advanced Professional 
Studies and Research. 
In 1981, she co-hosted 
and co-produced (with 
Stanley Berne) the 
nine-part PBS televi- 
sion series Future Writ' 
ing Today. The series is 
a forum on contempor- 
ary literature in which 
poets, fiction writers, 
critics, editors, and 
book and magazine 
publishers debate the 
issues of writing, 
reading, and publishing 
in America today. 
"Our twentieth- 
twenty-first century 
world today is no longer 
the circumscribed static 
eighteenth century 
domain," she says. We 
no longer live in a 
world of absolutes, of 
"grammar and the 
logic' of the sentence" 
reflecting the precision 
of Newtonian classic 
mechanics or "cause- 
effect, either-or rational 



JAN 18 -27, 1986 



JAN 27 - FEB 4 











NEW YORK, N.Y. 10004 


Graphic artist 
Steven Miller 
'73, whose seri- 
graph "Flower Stand" 
appeared on the cover 
of the April edition of 
Yankee magazine, is 
himself a study in good 
old Yankee ingenuity. 

An accomplished 
artist, he has had his 
work published by the 
New York Graphic 
Society, Museum Edi- 
tions West, and Spoleto 
Festival, USA. His 
watercolor, "Pencil Cup 
Revisited," won him a 
$500 merit award in 
last year's Springs Art 
Show in Lancaster, 
South Carolina, the 
largest non-juried art 
show in the Southeast. 
The show's judge, 
Nicolai Cikovsky, cura- 
tor of American art at 
Washington's National 
Gallery, referred to 
Miller's watercolor as "a 
work of tremendous 
scale. .It recalls 

Miller's limited-edi- 
tion serigraphs and 
posters are showing up 
all over the country 
and in the private col- 
lections of Philip 
Morris, Inc., South 
Carolina National 
Bank, Miller Brewing 
Company, and opera 
star Roberta Peters. 

But artistic promi- 
nence isn't enough for 
the Rock Hill, South 

Carolina, resident. He's 
as fully involved in the 
business of art as in the 
art itself. He's his own 
agent, his own pro- 
moter, and puts to- 
gether his own bro- 
chures advertising his 
own work. "No one 
can sell my work better 
than me because no 
one knows it better/' he 

Several years ago, at 
an opening for one of 
his shows at the Dur- 
ham Arts Council, he 
offered two door prizes 
as attendance incen- 
tives. He sells his work 
on time payments. "It 
evens out my cash 
flow," he explains. He 
sends letters to his 
friends and supporters, 
offering them dis- 

announcing his appear- 
ance on the cover of 
lanfcee magazine. 

All of this isn't at the 
cost of his art, which 
he happily shares with 
budding talents. For 
three years, he served 
as artist-in-residence for 
the South Carolina 
Arts Commission, 
where he instructed 
more than 10,000 stu- 
dents in print making. 
Call him aggressive but 
don't call him late to 
the bank. After all, 
where is it written that 
artists have to starve? 

ITT Rayonier Southeast Forest Operations after 38 
years. Under his leadership as director since 1978, the 
company established a safety program recognized as 
one of the best in the country. 

Kelley H. Mote '47 has been elected president of 
J.C. Penney Financial Corp. in New York City. 

A.H. Piatt '47 has returned to the U.S. after serving 
fourteen years as executive vice president of Yong 
Nam Chemical Co. Ltd. in Korea. He and his wife, 
Susan, have one daughter and live in Aurora, Colo. 

Robert E. Lowdermilk III '48 has received the 
Catawba College Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award 
for 1985, which recognizes "laudable spiritual qualities 
applied to daily living." He is a campus pastor and 
assistant professor of religion at Catawba College in 
Salisbury, N.C. 

'49 joined the staff of Grace 
Hospital in Morganton, N.C, as director of anesthesia 
and respiratory care services. 

W. Fenton Guinee Jr. '49 was named president of 
Anderson Clayton and Co., which makes Chiffon 
margarine, Seven Seas salad dressing, and other con- 
sumer products. He and his wife have five children. 

Marion Copeland Mlchalove '49 is the first 
female member of the Forest City, N.C, town council 
and the commissioner of Rutherford County. 

Donald Q. O'Brien '49 retired after 32 years in 
marketing with the Warner-Lambert Co. Consumer 
Products Group, which created product and packaging 
design for Listerine, Rolaids, and other consumer 

products. His wife, Anne Sherman O'Brien '51, 

was elected to the Bedminster, N.J., Township Com- 
mittee and is now in her fourth term. They have four 

Jim Summers '49 was named town manager of 

Cary, N.C, in February. He was secretary of the N.C. 
Department of Natural Resources and Community 
Development. He and his wife, Jean, live in Cary. 


E. Fltz M.D. '50 was elected president of 
the N.C. Board of Medical Examiners. He and his 
wife, Frances, live in Hickory, N.C, and have four 
children, including Thomas E. Fltz Jr. 71 and 
John Gregory Fltz M.D. '79. 

Edward R. Mosler '50 is director of placement in 
the Graduate School of Industrial Admininstration at 
Camegie-Mellon University. 

H. Stanton Oster Jr. '51 has retired after 34 years 
with the Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., 
division. He and his wife, Janice, have three children 
and live in Knoxville. 

Mary S. Pollock '51 received the "Fund Raiser of 
the Year" award for her dedication as development 
director for Planned Parenthood of Wisconsin. She 
and her husband, Bill, have two daughters and live in 

Jack Warmath '51 was inducted into the N.C. 
Tennis Hall of Fame in November. His accomplish- 
ments include winning the N.C. state senior men's 
doubles for four straight years. 

Loy H. Wltherspoon '51, B.Div. '54, after 20 
years with UNC-Chapel Hill, has had a lectureship in 
religious studies established in his name. The profes- 
sor of philosophy and religious studies is also director 
of religious affairs at UNC-Charlotte. 

S. Perry Keziah '52, J.D '54 was inducted as a 

Make Reservations 
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your visit as comfortable as 

We completely renovated and 
redecorated all 140 guest rooms 
and "Executive Level." Each room 
now has brand new cherry Drexel 
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and carpet. Everything is sparkling 
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you go first class. 

"The Executive Level" 

We have the "Executive Level" 
especially for our guests who enjoy 
additional luxury, comfort and 
veniences like complimentary 
continental breakfast, daily 
newspapers delivered to 
your room, keyed elevator 

for privacy and security, and pre- 
registration for quick check-ins. 

Burley's Lounge 

Burley's is Durham's most 
elegant lounge. 

The Solarium 

The Solarium is a grand 
meeting and dining room with 
seating for up to 55. 

Colonial Room 

The beautifully appointed 
dining room open for breakfast, 
lunch and dinner. 
Combine all this with the best 
reservation system in the country, 
and you can see why you can make 
reservations at the Durham Hilton Inn 
without reservations. 



Fellow of the American College of Probate Counsel. 
He is a partner in the law firm Keziah, Gates and 
Samet in High Point, NC. 

Frederick P. Brooks Jr. '53 was presented the 
National Medal of Technology by President Ronald 
Reagan in a White House ceremony for his role in 
developing the IBM System/360 computer family. 

Richard S. Foster '53, M.D. '56 retired from the 
U.S. Air Force and has entered private practice in in- 
ternal medicine in San Antonio, Texas. 

Carolyn S. Hoffman '53 received her master's in 
early childhood education from UNC-Chapel Hill. 
She lives in Huntersville, N.C. 

M.D. '53 has received 
the 1985 Alumni Excellence Award from Guilford 
College in Greensboro, N.C. She and her husband, 
Eugene, practice internal medicine in High Point, 

David A. Lerps '54 has retired from the US. 
Marine Corps after 30 years of service. He lives in 
Coronado, Calif. 

or '54, J.D. '57 has moved to Ramat 
Aviv, Israel, where he hopes to "help that country 
solve its many problems." 

'56 is district sales man- 
ager for United Airlines in Philadelphia. He lives in 
Berwyn, Pa. 

Henry C. Helmke '56, A.M. '57 was appointed 
head of the foreign languages department at Auburn 
University in Alabama. 

E. Hug '56, M.F. '57 is president and chief 
officer of the Environmental Elements 
Corp. in Baltimore, Md. 

'56 was elected executive vice 
president and director of Consolidated Foods Corp., 


In its 
grasp, people do 

things, which, 

bly, they regret when 

the frenzy is past. 

No regrets for Carl 
Kurlander '82, whose 
unrequited passion for 
a comely waitress at the 
St. Elmo's Hotel in 
Chautauqua, New 
York, became the basis 
for a short story about 
an infatuated college 
student, which, in 
turn, became the basis 
for last summer's movie 
and hit single St Elmo's 
Fire. The waitress is 
getting married. 
Kurlander's getting 

Co-written with the 
film's director, Joel 
Schumacher, St. Elmo's 
Fire follows the post* 
graduate days of seven 
college chums seeking 
upward mobility in the 
nation's capital. 
Kurlander's one-sided 
romance is one of 
many subplots in the 
film that smack of his 
life at Duke. 

As he told Chronicle 
writer Ed Farrell, one 
character— a column- 
ist-is based, in part, on 
former Chronicle 
columnist Rob Cohen 
'82, originator of the ir- 
reverent "Monday, 
Monday." Another 
character, at the outer 
limits of desperation 
over her pointless life- 
style, locks herself in 
an unheated apart- 
ment—presumably to 
shiver to death. 
Kurlander tried some- 
thing like that in 
Durham after being 
stood up for a formal. 
"You don't know how 
hard it is to freeze your- 
self in an apartment in 
Durham,'' he told 

Kurlander got his 
start in Hollywood after 
a string of clever videos 
he'd made at Duke 
caught the attention of 
University Union Dir- 
ector Jake Phelps. 
Kurlander won a scho- 
larship to intern at Uni- 
versal Studios in Cali- 
fornia, through a 

program devised by 
Phelps and friend 
Thom Mount, then 
president of Universal. 

Kurlander later 
worked as an assistant 
on one of director 
Schumacher's films, 
DjC Cab, and the 
foundation was set for 

the collaboration on St. 
Elmo's Fire. Now 
Kurlander's writing an- 
other screenplay, a 
romantic comedy for 
Orion Pictures. And so 
far, there's nothing un- 
requited about his love 
of telling stories 


shop $429 


Long Weekend Shopping 
Spree Includes Round-Trip 
Aer Lingus Flight, Top Hotels, 
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The Bargains You 
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Enjoy the charm of Ireland, plus 
shopping the best of Europe at 
prices so low the savings can pay for 
your spree! 

Phone today for brochure, while 
the strong dollar still buys the world! 

Matterhom Travel Service 
2450 Riva Road 
Annapolis, Maryland 21401 
(301) 841-6544 

Call toll-free 

(800) 638-9150 

Departures from New York every Wednesday, 
October 30, 1985 to April 30, 1986. 


October 14 

Infectious Disease Update 1985: Difficult Diseases 

Sheraton University Center, Durham 

6th Diving Accident and Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment Course 

Grand Cayman Island, 8WI 

12th Annual Fall Symposium of Diagnostic Imaging 

Southampton Princess Hotel, Bermuda 

19th Annual Duke/McPherson Otolaryngology Symposium, Durham 

Duke Medical Alumni Weekend, Searle Center, DUMC 

Duke Tuesday (Urology) 
February 2-7, 1986 3rd Annual Winter Symposium at Snowshoe Snowshoe, WV 
February 17-19 Selected Topics for the Practicing Clinician, Searle Center, DUMC 
February 19-22 2nd Annual Aging Conference: Cancer in the Elderly 

PGA Sheraton, Palm Beach Gardens, FL 
March 6-8 7th Diving Accident and Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment 

Searle Center, DUMC 

Please send me further information! 

name: (print or type) : 

October 19-26 

October 28- 
November 2 
November 1-2 
November 14-16 
December 3 

I'm especially interested in the following courses: 
1 2 

Mail Coupon to: Duke Continuing Medical Education, Box 3108, Durham, NC 27710 

which produces Sara Lee cakes, Hanes pantyhose, and 
other consumer products. 

Kenneth D. Stewart '56, professor and head of 
the psychology department at Frostburg State College 
in Frostburg, Md., received an award for service to the 

Fred W. Caswell '57 was appointed director of 
sales for Procter & Gamble Co. Far East in Kobe, 
Japan. He and his wife, Sandra Ratcllff 
Caswell '58, have three children: Donna 
Caswell Hall 80, Bob Caswell '86, and 
Kathryn Caswell '87. 

Jo Ann Dalton B.S.N. '57, M.S.N. '60, associate 
professor of nursing in the UNC-Chapel Hill School 
of Nursing, has been awarded a Robert Wood Johnson 
Postdoctoral Fellowship. 

Frank Harscher '57, founder and president of 
Eneco Resources, has become an associate with 
Howard, Needles, Tammen and Bergendoff, an archi- 
tectural, engineering, and planning firm with offices 
in the U.S., Brazil, Venezuela, and Malaysia. 

Eleanor H. Hutton '57, head women's tennis 
coach at Emory and Henry College in Virginia, was 
named Coach of the Year for women's tennis in the 
Old Dominion Athletic Conference. She lives in 

C. Martinson Jr. M.Div. '57 is president 
of High Point College in North Carolina. He and his 
wife, Elizabeth, have two children. 

J. Neelon B.S.N. '57, Ph.D. 72 received 
the Nicholas Salgo Dintinguished Teacher Award at 
UNC-Chapel Hill. She was previously awarded Duke's 
Distinquished Alumnus Award in Nursing and has 
been a consultant and lecturer at the Duke School of 

B.Div. '57 was awarded 
an honorary doctorate of divinity at Methodist Col- 
lege in Fayetteville, N.C., during its baccalaureate 
services. A member of the Methodist College Board 
of Trustees, he also delivered the baccalaureate 

Elizabeth Hanford Dole '58, U.S. secretary of 
transportation who received Duke's Distinguished 
Alumni Award in May, was also awarded an honorary 
degree from UNC-Chapel Hill. 

F. Harris '58 is management consultant in 
philanthropy, social responsibility, and public affairs 
for James F. Harris Associates in Miami. He is also 

chairman for the corporate development 
of the U.S. Committee for UN1CEF. He 
and his wife live in Miami and have three children. 

Pat Kimzey Zolllcoffer '58 is director of market- 
ing and special projects for Duke's alumni affairs 
office. She lives in Durham. 

Betsy Brian Rollins '59 received the Silver Good 
Citizenship Award from the Sons of the American 
Revolution for her work on food programs for the 
hungry. She served on President Reagan's Task Force 
on Food Assistance, and currently directs the soup 
kitchen at St. Philip's Episcopal Church in Durham. 

Richard J. Wood '59 has been named president of 
Earlham College in Richmond, Ind. He was vice pres- 
ident for academic affairs and dean of the faculty at 
Whittier College in California. He and his wife, Judy, 
have two children. 

MARRIAGES: LeDare Hurst Thompson '57 

to David W. Wallace II on March 15. Residence: 
Columbia, S.C. 


Darroch A.M. '61, Ph.D. '68 repre- 
sented Duke in May at the inauguration of the presi- 
dent and vice-chancellor of York University in 
Ontario, Canada. 

Kelly '61, Ph.D. '65 has released a new, ex- 
panded edition of the book The And} Griffith Show, in 
celebration of the program's 25th anniversary. He is 
a professor of English at the University of Tennessee. 

Sanford E. Marovitz A.M. '61, Ph.D. '68 was 
inducted into the Phi Beta Kappa chapter at Lake 
Forest College. He is a professor of English at Kent 
State University. 

Harry H. Summerlln M.D. '61 has received the 
George T. Wolff Award from the department of family 
medicine at UNC's medical school. He practices 
family medicine in Asheville, N.C. 

William S. Yancy '61, M.D. '65 was elected presi- 
dent of the Society fot Adolescent Medicine at 
Durham County General Hospital. 

O. Whitfield Broome '62 was elected to the 
board of regents of the College for Financial Planning 
at its meeting held in Denver, Colo. He is a professor 
of financial accounting and analysis at the Mclntire 
School of Commerce. 

Gara Greet Fenton '62 is a social worker for the 
Community Long Term Care Program at the S.C. 
Department of Health and Environmental Control. 

Claire "Suzy" Farrell '62 was the guest artist at a 
Henderson County Arts League's reception in 
Hendersonville, N.C. She lives in Lexington, S.C. 

E. Alexander '63 has been named ex- 

When things are done 
well, you notice. You 
notice The Sheraton 
University Center's attention to 
comfort. The relaxed elegance 
of the atrium lounge, the way 
the cool of 
the indoor 
pool and the 

-^ You'll notice and ap 


service to the Research Triangle 
Park, the Raleigh-Durham Airport, 
and Duke Hospital. 

Enjoy Praline's southern-style 
charm, and Oliver's Signature 
Restaurant's continental cuisine. 
You'll notice and appreciate the 
service of 

Of Attention 

whirlpool's bubbles soothe 
worries away. 

You notice extra-fluffy pillows, 
thick, plentiful towels, oversized 
guest rooms. Twenty-four hour 
news, sports, and movies, and 
complimentary limousine 

our staff. 

The Sheraton University 
Center does things very well. 
That's why, in only one year, 
we've become the Center 
of Attention. 

15-501 By-Pass at Morreene Road, 

1 mile south of I-85 Durham, North Carolina 

For reservations call 800-325-3535 or 919-383-8575 

University Center 

Join us in the remote 
hill towns of Tuscany... 
pastoral Verdi Country... 
and the mystical cities 
of Umbria 

Designed and directed by artist Frieda 
Yamins, whose second home is Florence, 
and her superb staff of lecturers. Mrs. 
Yamins has transformed her love and 
knowledge of people, places, language 
and traditions into fascinating and 
unusual itineraries. 
For the perceptive and traditionally 
independent traveler who enjoys the 
diversity of Italian culture, congenial 
company, and the joyous Italian art of 
exuberant dining in enchanted places 
most visitors rarely see. 
From 16 to 23 days — Departures in 
April (Sicily), May, June, Sept., Oct. 
Detailed brochure available from: 

Italia Adagio ^td 

162UD Whaley Street, Freeport, NY 11520 
(516) 868-7825 • (516) 546-5239 


duke's pooled 
income Funds 

Your gift will provide you with: 

• Income for life 

• Immediate tax deduction 

• No capital gains tax 

• No administrative fee 

at (919) 6845§3*?SDr684-2i23 today for more information. 


prepare a prop€6al regarding Duke's Pooled Income Funds. 

Duke University 
Office of Planned Giving 

2127 Campus Drive 
' Durham, NC 27706 .. 


PHONE ( ) 



Take a break for five weekends 
and see five Duke home football games. 


1. Night games 

2. Marching bands 

3. Dancing cheerleaders 

4. Football buffets 

5. Special reunions 


(Toll Free in N.C.) 

(Durham or 
Out of State) 








West Virginia 









South Carolina 



CLEMSON (Parents Weekend) 

Oct. 26 


Nov. 2 



Nov. 9 

Wake Forest 

Nov. 16 


Nov. 23 

North Carolina 


MasterCard and VISA accepted 



ecutive vice president-admininstration for the Jack- 
sonville, Fla.-based rail unit of CSX Corp. 

Thomas H. Byrnes Jr. M.D. '63 was selected to 
serve as chief of staff at Community General Hospital 
in Thomasville, N.C. 

Chester Haworth M.D. '63, medical adviser for 
the Piedmont Epilepsy Association., was honored at 
the group's 10th anniversary celebration in High 
Point, N.C. 

Scott H. Hendrix '63 is a professor of history at 
Lutheran Theological Seminary in Philadelphia. 

Lyman P. Morrill B.S.E. '63 is manager of the esti- 
mating division of Stone and Webster Engineering 
Corp. in Boston. The firm designs and builds major 
industrial facilities. 

Cynthia Batte Aten '64 is a fellow in adolescent 
medicine at Bridgeport Hospital and a member of a 
pediatrics practice in New Haven, Conn. 

Heather L. Ruth '65, a bond expert, became New 
York State superintendent of banks in February. 

Stan Coble '66 was named assistant headmaster of 
Hilton Head Preparatory School, which was created 
with the merger of Sea Pines and May River Aca- 
demies in South Carolina. He and his wife, Judy, have 
two children and live on Hilton Head Island. 

Harry W. Blair A.M. '66, Ph.D. 70 represented 
Duke at commencement exercises of Bucknell Uni- 
versity. He lives in Lewisburg, Pa. 

Margo A. Brinton '66 is an associate professor in 
the Wistar Institute and in the departments of micro- 
biology and pathology at the University of 

Jack Hawke J.D. '66 is senior policy adviser to 
Gov. James Martin of North Carolina. 

J. Dean Heller '66 is a partner in the Los Angeles 
law firm Tuttle and Taylor. He and his wife, Marjorie 
Tai Shih, have two daughters and live in Los Angeles. 

Dan W. Hill III '66 was elected to serve a three-year 
term on the board of directors of Durham's Home 
Savings and Loan Association. 

M. Douglas Meeks B.Div. '66, Ph.D. 71 is the 
editor and author of the lead article in the book The 
Future of the Methodist Theological Traditions. 

Spence W. Perry J.D. '66, an attorney for the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency in Washing- 
ton, DC, has been selected to attend the Industrial 
College of the Armed Forces. He and his wife have 
two daughters and live in Ellicott City, Md. 

Douglas Wheeler J.D. '66 is executive director of 
the Sierra Club's board of directors. 

Stephens Brehm '67, Ph.D. 73 is a 
professor of psychology at the University of Kansas in 
Lawrence. Her most recent book, Intimate Relation- 
ships, was written to help teach college courses on 
adult relationships. 

Eldridge C. Hanes '67 has been elected to the 
city board of NCNB National Bank in 

Josephine Humphreys '67 won a Hemingway 
Award for her novel Dreams of Sleep, which was 
named "one of the finest first novels published in 

Patterson Miller '67 became vice pre- 

sident of Booke and Co., a consulting and acturial 
firm with an office in Winston-Salem. She works in 
the communications division. 

Kathy Walsh Howard '67 is a secondary level 
social studies teacher and lives in West Chester, Pa. 

Christopher Britton J.D. '68 has written Pay- 
backs, his first novel. 

Richard R. Crater '68 is associate director of 
finance at Mass. General Hospital. 

Edwin A. Curran MAT. '68 was nominated by 
Ptesident Ronald Reagan to become chairman of the 
National Endowment for the Humanities. 

Carolina C John '68 was named director of cir- 
culation at the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 

Erik Joki '68 is manager of merchandising for 
Nationwide Papers divison of Champion Interna- 
tional. He lives in Stamford, Conn. 

Gary W. Stubbs '68, a commander in the U.S. 
Navy, recently returned from a four-month deploy- 
ment in the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean. 
He now works at the Naval Ait Station in Virginia 
Beach, Va. 

Ware Botsford Washam '68 is the manager of 
CAD/CAM training at Control Data Corp. in 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

James S. Wunsch '68 was awarded the Robert F. 
Kennedy Award for Distinguished Teaching at 
Creighton University in Omaha, Neb., where he is 
associate professor of political science and department 

Gary W. Bross '69 is a partner in the Decatur, 

Howerton Antique Co. 

Clarksville, Virginia 

# 74 Queen Anne mahogany highboy. . . .$1175 
W 36" x D 18" H 66" 

cj/«e> if-zt, HmucHon Anti^c Gnnpeuw has 
betn maki^^aU&j hcme(maoU^ ±8t& 
Cervfuny rtproducftints. Our fedmioius 
and ■pcUfcr-tus ha#t> d*z*?g&l 'very titf-bu 
-fktrost^i -fkts years j cm<^ buflcffiirtu'iufe' 
oncpuus or a Urntj fitting: (J~iyidcvidctivf 
aMevvhcw. UM, bclcwt, ~fhajFwccanoffc*^ 
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■pribu, cmd ■rfi&hwe. art, irubj maM/r& 


(erton Antique Co., P.O. Box 215-D-l. 
(804) 374-5715 

Introducing the Duke Alumni Polo 

A 100% cotton polo 
shirt embroidered 
with the Duke 
Alumni logo. 
Like the infamous 
Polo shirt, the Duke 
polo too is made 
from an extremely 
comfortable 100% 
cotton interlock 
cloth, has a tradi- 
tional two button placket, 
ribbed cuffs on the sleeve, 
and a long tail in back. In 

place of the Polo Player how- 
ever, is the Duke Alumni 
logo. In this way we 
make a good thing 
even better. And so 

now it is possible to own 
one of these great shirts 
because of what is on it, 
not in spite of it. In white 
or Duke Blue, adult sizes 
M & W, S M L XL, only 
$24.95. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
These shirts are not available at 
the Duke University Bookstore. 

Mail to: 

Alumni Apparel, 1 Winthrop Court, Durham, North Carolina 27707. 

Please send me Duke Polos at $24.95 each + $2.00 per shirt shipping and 

handling. NC state residents— please add $1.00 per shirt sales tax. 



Check □ Money Order □ 


Duke Blue 

Alumni Apparel can make shirts for any company, club or organization. 

Ga., law fir 

s, Robinson and Spears. 

J. McNeill Gibson '69, who earned his master's 
from UNC in 1973, is associated with the Mecklen- 
burg Medical Group in Charlotte. His wife, Gall 
McMurray Gibson 70, A.M. 72 is an associate 
professor at Davidson College. They have two 

'69 is a partner in the Carbon- 
dale, 111., law firm Feirich, Schoen, Mager, Green and 
Associates. He and his wife, Barbara, have two 

Jane Catherine Mack '69 is senior vice presi- 
dent and director of the Alliance Capital Manage- 
ment Corp., an investment management firm in New 

Cathryn L. Samples '69 is assistant t 

sioner at the New York City Department of Health, 
which supervises the School Children and Adolescent 
Health Program. She lives in Brooklyn. 

Anne Workman '69 was elected judge of the state 
court of DeKalb County, Ga. She is the first woman 
in DeKalb County elected to this post. 

BIRTHS: First child and daughter to Philip Lader 
'66 and Linda LeSourd Lader on Feb. 2. Named Mary 
Catherine ... A daughter to Martha C. Brimm 
'68 and Richard V. Clark A.M. 70 on Nov. 27, 
1983. Named Elizabeth Anne Clark ... A son to 
Paul S. Messlck '68 on July 30, 1984. Named 
Luke Carson ... A daughter to James Wunsch 
'68 and Mary Wunsch on Dec. 28. Named Hallie 

We've got a Devil of a Deal 

on meals for football fans this fall: 

five different pregame buffets to 

fortify you for the best game in town. 

Duke's General Alumni Association is sponsoring five pregame buffets before 
each of the five home football games. Open to all alumni and friends, these 
events provide an excellent opportunity to greet old friends and classmates and 
meet university staff and officials. Guests can come early, get a good place to 
park, have a relaxed meal, and walk a very short distance to the game. The 
buffets will be served in the Intramural Building, located between the West 
Campus tennis courts and the east gate of Wallace Wade Stadium. 

Buffet lines will open two hours before game time. Tentatively, games on Sept. 7 
and 21 will begin at 7 p.m.; the three remaining games start at 1:30 p.m. Times 
are subject to change to accommodate television coverage. Please watch for 
announcements in newspapers and on television for kick-off times. 

Buffet tickets are $8, and will be mailed if orders are received at least two weeks 
prior to the game. Buffet tickets will be held at the door for orders received later. 
The availability of buffet tickets at the door will depend upon reservations and 
pre-sale. Please order early and help inaugurate a new alumni tradition at Duke. 
Football game tickets are available through the Duke Ticket Office in Cameron 
Indoor Stadium, and should be ordered directly. Call (919) 681-BLUE for further 
football ticket information (in North Carolina, call (800) 682-BLUE, toll free). 

Detach and send this portion as your order to: 

Football Buffets, Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive, Durham, NC 27706. 

Make checks payable to Duke University. 

Duke vs. Clemson, 11:30 a.m., Oct. 19 (Parent's Weekend) 
Duke vs. Georgia Tech, 11:30 a.m., Nov. 2 (Homecoming) 
Duke vs. N.C. State, 11:30 a.m. 

(Please print or type) 

□ Mail tickets to: 

□ Hold tickets at the door 


: V. Bailey B.S.E. 70 received the Navy 
Commendation Medal for service as staff commander 
of the U.S. Third Fleet and the Expenditionary Medal 
for operations in support of the U.S. Sixth Fleet. He 
lives in Rota, Spain. 

Anne Bavier B.S.N. 70 is program director for 
nursing research at the National Cancer Institute, 
Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, in 
Bethesda, Md. 

Kathleen Braun 70 is a staff financial analyst 
with IBM. She lives in Lexington, Ky. 

John A. Dlffey 70 has been elected vice president 
of the N.C. Association of Non-Profit Homes for the 
Aging. This appointment honored his service as ex- 
ecutive director of Carol Woods retirement commu- 
nity in Chapel Hill, N.C. 

Gail McMurray Gibson 70, A.M. 72 has been 
granted tenure and promoted to associate professor of 
English at Davidson College in Davidson, N.C. Her 
husband, J. McNeill Gibson '69, is an associate 
with the Mecklenburg Medical Group in Charlotte. 
They have two children. 

Mary C. Whitton 70 is director of marketing- 
graphics terminals in the Raleigh, N.C, office of 
Adage, Inc. of Billerica, Mass. She developed a high 
resolution computer graphics unit with her husband, 
J. Nick England, in 1978, starting Ikonas Graphics 
Co. in Raleigh. In 1982, they sold the company to 
Adage, Inc. She had retired while her husband con- 
tinued with Adage as vice president. 

Mark D. Neuhart 71, a lieutenant commander in 
the Navy, received his master's in communication 
from the University of Oklahoma. He and his wife, 
Sue, live in Boston, where he is director of the Navy's 
New England Office of Information. 

John W. Spears Jr. 71 is a partner in the law 
firm Bross, Robinson and Spears in Decatur, Ga. 

Mark J. Brenner 72 finished residency training at 
the Harvard Joint Center for Radiation Therapy and 
has joined the staff of the Salem Hospital in Salem, 
Mass. He and his wife, Jean, live in Swampscott, 

M. Fairfull A.M. 72 is curator of the Ft. 
DeRussy Museum in Wakila, Hawaii. He is a major in 
the U.S. Army Reserves and lives in Honolulu. 

William D. Needham BSE. 72, a lieutenant 
commander in the U.S. Navy, received the 1985 
Materials Technology Institute Award for Excellence 
in Corrosion Engineering. He is studying ocean and 
materials engineering at the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. 

Robert S. West 72 works for Drexel, Bumham, 
Lambert Inc. Mortgage Backed Securities Group in 
Chicago. He lives in Northbrook, 111. 

Goli Irani Farrell A.M. 73 is employed at Fairleigh 
Dickinson University's College of Business Adminis- 
tration. She lives in New York. 

Wendy Jay Heilburn 73 is a consultant with 

Fredric W Cook and Co. She and her husband, 
William, live in New York City. 

James D. Moran III 73 has been named professor 
and head of the department of family relations and 
child development at Oklahoma State University in 

i G. Scrivner 73 represented Duke at the 
inauguration of the president of Northwestern Uni- 
versity in Evanston, 111. 

Carol A. Springer 73 is a resident in physician 

See other 

side for 



One Thousand Signed and 
Numbered Sarah P. Duke 
Gardens Limited Edition 
Prints by Noted Water- 
colorist, Elizabeth Shields. 

Each print is lithographed 
on acid free archival quality 
paper, enhancing the print's 
lasting value. 

The image size measures 
H"xl4" and is available un- 
framed for $50.00. Framed 
and double matted prints 
measuring 20%"xl7%" are 
available for $85.00, as 

;;.^v^^Vvv7""'^fe--;^>... : : 

SHsS^if |»# 

~~^> ~ "' ,mr ^' t^Es ^■^^~'*< 


II !■ ■Jill— MMM—M MM— I 

Persona] Reservation Form 


Please Make Check Payable to Images. Inc. 

D Check or Money Order □ MasterCard D Visa 

Charge Account Number _ 


Please Send Me: 

UnframedPrint(s)atS50.00each S_ 

Framed Print(s) at $85.00 each $ 

Virginia Residents Add 4% Sales Tax $ 

Maryland Residents Add 5% Sales Tax $_ 

Shippings Handling $ 

(S3.00 Unframed or $5.00 Framed) Each 
Total Enclosed or Charged $ 

Street Address 

Remit to: Images, P.O. Box 752, Owings Mills, MD 21 1 


For Immediate Service On Credit Card Orders Only, Call: 301/526-5740 
Please order by December 10th for Christmas delivery. 

ophthalmology at Cornell Medical College at New 
York Hospital, with a joint appointment at N.Y. 
Memorial Hospital's Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. 
She and her husband, Lauren Rosecan, an ophthal- 
mology fellow in retinal diseases, live in New York 

Ed.D. 73 has been named superinten- 
dent of Davidson County, N.C., schools. He and his 
wife, Peggy, have two children. 

Robert "Bo" Willis 73 recently opened a pedia- 
tric and adolescent dentistry practice in Liverpool, 
N.Y. He and his wife, Ruth, have three daughters. 

Robert Bernstein 74, M.H.A. 77 is the admin- 
istrator of Brookwood Medical Center in Birming- 
ham, Ala. He is married and has one son. 

Williams Ellertson 74 is production 
manager at Menasha Ridge Press in Hillsborough, 
N.C. She and her husband, Charles, live in Durham. 

74 is vice president and direc- 
tor of regulatory affairs at Fidia Pharmaceuticals in 
Washington, D.C. He has two daughters and lives in 
Arlington, Va. 

Doren Madey Plnnell 74, M.Ed. 75, Ph.D. 79 
is manager of marketing and recruiting for KRON 
Medical Corp., which provides physician coverage, in 
Chapel Hill. 

Harold Edwin Stlne 74 is a lieutenant colonel in 
the U.S. Army. He is on the staff of the U.S.-European 
command in Stuttgart, West Germany, where he and 

his wife, Glneen Ord Stlne B.S.N. 74, are cur- 
rently in residence. 

C Stevens 74 has been elected vice presi- 
dent and officer of the Boston Consulting Group in 

Chicago. He and his wife, Celeste Gill Stevens 

76, live in Hinsdale, 111. 

Tamara Lynn Wardell B.S.N. 74 is enrolled in 
the master's program in nursing at the University of 

John Lockwood Walker 74, J.D. 77 is a 
partner in the law firm Simpson, Thacher and 
Bartlett in New York City. 

H. Duffy M.Ed. 75, Ph.D. 78 is 
assistant professor of computer and information 
sciences at Marshall University in Huntington, WVa. 

E. Everett 75 is an instructor in medicine 
at Harvard Medical School and associate director of 
the Geriatric Evaluation Unit at West Roxbury V.A. 
Hospital in Massachusetts. 

James Raphael Gavin M.D. 75 is associate pro- 
fessor of medicine at Washington University's medical 
school in St. Louis. He and his wife, Ann, have two 

George H. Goodrich Jr. 75 is pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church in Reading, Pa. His wife, Kathy 
Allmon Goodrich 77, is assistant director of Pres- 
byterians United for Biblical Concerns in Pottstown, 
Pa. They live in Reading. 

M. Larson M.D. 75 was admitted as a 
fellow into the American College of Surgeons. He 
lives in Greenville, N.C. 

Gary Lynch J.D. 75 has been named director of 
the Securities and Exchange Commission Enforce- 
ment Division. 

: 75 received a dental degree 
from UNC-Chapel Hill School of Dentistry. She prac- 
tices in Walkertown, N.C. 

Joseph J. Smallhoover 75 is an associate in 
the Paris, France, law firm S.G. Archibald. He was 
associated with the law partnership Rosen, Washtell 
and Gilbert in Los Angeles, and a German Academic 
Exchange Service Fellow in Dusseldorf, Germany. 

Raya Armaly M.D. 76 is a graduate of the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh Medical School. She trained in 
ophthalmology at George Washington University 
Medical Center, where she is now completing a fel- 
lowship in glaucoma. She and her husband, Charles, 
have one son and live in Washington, D.C. 

Yvonne Beasley M.Div. 76 serves as chaplain at 
the Western Correctional Center in Morganton, N.C. 

i E. Christopher 76 is chief sanitary engi- 
neer at Stottler, Stagg and Associates, Inc. in Cape 
Canaveral, Fla. 

Pattl A. Dolan B.S.N. 76 is a medical student ; 
the University of Florida in Gainesville. 

3 Dunn M.Div. 76 is attending Union 
Theological Seminary in King, Pa., while serving as 
assistant headmaster at Westchester Academy. He and 
his wife, Jennifer, live in King. 

Scott Freemark M.D. 76 has become 
an assistant professor in pediatrics at Duke Medical 

Charles F. Hawkins 76 is enrolled in the 
M.B.A. program of the Wharton School at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. He and his wife, Jean, have 
one son and live in Philadelphia. 

A.M. 76 has been named to the 
the Status of Women. She lives in 


N.C. Council 

Kathryn Jean Lucas 76 is a fellow in endo- 
crinology at Duke Medical Center She and her 
husband, Seth, live in Durham. 

Chere Peel 76 has a pri%'ate practice in internal 
medicine at Woman's Hospital in Jackson, Miss. 

77 is corporate counsel at 


Follow the Blue Devils on the road 

and join other Duke alumni and friends 

at pregame receptions. 

If you live near any of these 
game sites, watch for a 
brochure in the mail. 
Otherwise, complete the 
form for additional details 
concerning the receptions. 
In order to guarantee 
adequate food service, 
advance reservations 
are required. 

1-800-FOR-DU KE outside N.C 
1-919-684-5114 collect in N.C. 

Please send me the brochure 
pregame reception(s): 


the following 

Virginia _ 

_ Maryland 

South Carolina 

_ Wake Forest 



Mail to: Duke on the Road, Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706 

Varian Associates, Inc., an international electronics 
company with an office in Palo Alto, Calif. She lives 
in San Francisco. 

ght DeltZ B.S.N. 77 oversees the 
: care and subcoronary units at Pardee Hospi- 
tal in Hendersonville, N.C. She and her husband, 
Ronald, raise pigs on their farm in Weaverville, N.C. 

Ronnie Glickman 77 was elected to the Hills- 
borough County Commissions in Tampa, Fla. 

Kathy Allmon Goodrich 77 is assistant director 
of Presbyterians United for Biblical Concerns, a 
Renewal/Advocacy ministry in Pottstown, Pa. She and 
her husband, George H. Goodrich Jr. 75, live 
in Reading, Pa., where he serves as pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church. 

Bob Gordon D.Ed. 77 is superintendent of Vance 
County Schools in North Carolina. 

O. Morton Harris Jr. B.S.E. 77 received a doctor- 
ate from Union Theological Seminary. He is pastor of 
Lebanon and Castlewood Presbyterian churches in 
Lebanon, Va. 

Christopher R. Mellott BSE. 77 is an associate 
in the law firm Venable, Baetjer and Howard in 
Baltimore, Md. 

, Metz 77 serves as chief resident in 
pediatrics at the Medical College of Virginia in 

I M.Div. 77 is a pastoral psy- 
chologist at Presbyterian Counseling Services in 
Seattle, Wash., where she is also pursuing a doctorate 

of philosophy. She and her husband, James, live in 

78 is a graduate of 
the Bowman Gray School of Medicine. He will train 
in pathology at Mass. General Hospital in Boston. 

Barry R. Bryant 78 is a securities analyst for 
Goldman Sachs, a retail firm. He lives in New York 

Mark Scott Jasmine 78 is a resident in ortho- 
pedic surgery at N.C. Memorial Hospital. He and his 
wife, Mary, live in Chapel Hill. 

Edward E. Kay Jr. 78 is a manager at Price 
Waterhouse. He and his wife, Kim, live in Pittsburgh, 

Robert B. Krakow 78, J.D. '81 is an associate 
with the law firm Gibson, Dunn and Crutcher in 
Dallas, Texas. 

I Leonard M.S. 78 received a Ph.D. in 
neuroanatomy from the Medical School of Pennsyl- 
vania. He is director of the Tri-County Therapy and 
Rehabilitation Center in Trappe, Pa. 

George Williams Rutherford III MD 78 is 

the director of immunization at the New York City 
Department of Health, and a medical epidemiologist 
at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta. 

Sheryl Arnold Turner B.H.S. 78 is a physician's 
associate with Heart Surgery Associates in Ft. Lauder- 
dale, Fla., where she also serves as executive director 
of the North Ridge Heart Foundation. She teaches 
cardiovascular fitness at Florida Atlantic University 



1 Hours: Tues-Fri 9-5 pm Sat 10-1 pm Sun 2-5 pm ° ADMISSION FREE" 

20th Anniversary of the National 
Endowment for the Arts: Art of North 

Alexander Rodchenko: Pioneer Soviet 

The Art of Costa Rica: Painted & 
Sculpted Ceramics from the Sackler 

Medieval & Renaissance Sculpture & 
Decorative Art 
Greek & Roman Antiquities 
Pre-Columbian pottery & textiles 
African sculpture & textiles 
Winslow Homer wood engravings 


For additional information please call 684-5135 

in Boca Raton and lives in Ft. Lauderdale. 

Brian Joseph Brodeur 79 is product manager 
at Harris Trout and Savings Bank in Chicago. 

D. Duncan Maysilles J.D. 79 joined the Beau- 
fort, N.C, law firm Warren J. Davis as an ; 
specializing in commercial and real estate law 

M.B.A. 79, a major in the U.S. 
Marine Reserves, was named assistant vice president 
of home training and development at Home Security 
Life in Durham. 

Gray McCalley Jr. J.D 79 serves the State 
Department as U.S. Vice Counsel in Belfast, Ireland. 

M.Div. 79 has been ap- 
pointed pastor of the Bethany United Methodist 
Church in Palmyra, Pa. 

Marty Vaughn Pierson 79 is an associate with 
Durham Life Insurance Co. He and his wife, Barbara, 
live in Raleigh. 

John J. Reed Jr. 79 is a graduate of Georgetown 
University School of Medicine. He will study emer- 
gency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh Affili- 
ated Hospitals. 

Wayne K. Ruth M.D. 79 has a private practice in 
Burlington, N.C. He and his wife, Patricia Sorrells, 
live in Mebane. 

David N. Soloway 79 is a partner in the Atlanta, 
Ga., law firm Frazier and Soloway, which maintains 
an immigration, civil litigation, and business/corpor- 
ate law practice. He and his wife, Carolyn Frazier, live 
in Decatur, Ga. 

79, a Raleigh attorney, is e 
director of North Carolina's Democratic Party. He was 
director of the North Carolina Mondale-Ferraro presi- 
dential campaign. 

MARRIAGES: Linda Gail Hudak 73 to Richard 
Ross Jenkins on March 26. Residence: New Haven, 
Conn. . . . Wendy Jay 73 to William Stiles 
Heilbum in November. Residence: New York 
City . . . Carol A. Springer 73 to Lauren R. 
Rosecan on Nov. 24. Residence: New York City . . . 
Michael Moshe Lakin 74 to Harriet Susan 
Ullman on March 16 . . . Barbara Elaine 
Williams 74 to Charles Melvin Ellertson 
A.M. 76 on April 20. Residence: Durham . . . 
Janet M. ROSS 75 to M. Lennox Easen Jr. on 
April 14, 1984 . . . David Cllft M.Div. 76 to 
Tamara Lynne Sullivan on May 5 . Residence: 
Kinston, N.C. . . . Truman Lee Dunn M.Div. 76 
to Jennifer Bass Moore on Feb. 16. Residence: King, 
Pa. . . . Bradley Lawson Jr. M.S.M. 76 to 
Jeanne Elizabeth Newsom on April 20. Residence: 

Cary, N.C Kathryn Jean Lucas 76 to Seth 

Omar Medlin on March 9. Residence: Durham . . . 
Neil Matthew O'Toole 76 to Janet Faye Ramsey 
on April 20. Residence: Durham . . . Janet C. 
Zechiel 76, M.S. 78 to Theofiel F. Dib on March 

Chronicle Alumni - Celebrate 

Our 80th Anniversary during Homecoming Weekend, November 1-3, 1985. 



We'll be sending you further details in the mail, but if for some reason you don't hear from us, contact Jean Danser at 919/684-3973. 


16. Residence: Mauldin, S.C. . . . Charles Paul 
Karukstis 77 to Jill Lee Deese on April 27. Resi- 
dence: Charlotte, N.C. . . . Sue Tuck Parkerson 
M.Div. 77 to James Nicholas Wisner on April 13. 
Residence: Seattle, Wash. . . . Margaret Harding 
Adams 78 to Scott Linn Hunter on April 28 . . . 
Ellyn F. Vanden Bosch 78 to B. Peter Korzun on 
May 28, 1983. Residence: New York City . . . 
George Williams Rutherford III M.D 78 to 
Mary Rachel Workman on Feb 23 . . . Michele 
Clause 79 to Will Farquhar '80 on Aug. 24. 

Residence: Washington, DC Albert N. Gore 

B.S.E. 79 to Jeannette Arlene Shelor on March 23. 
Residence: Raleigh . . . Elizabeth Scott Pryor 
79 to Ethan Whitcomb Johnson on May 25. Resi- 
dence: New York City . . . Coralie Kay Sedwick 
79 to John Michael Brucato on June 21. Residence: 
Milford, Mass. . . . Paul Michael Stout M.S. 79 
to Nancy Jean Darigo 79 on April 13. Resi- 
dence: Coconut Grove, Fla. . . . Thomas L. 
Whltehalr B.S.E. 79 to Anne G. Register on Sept. 
15, 1984. Residence: Irvine, Calif. 

BIRTHS: A son to J. Russell Phillips 71 on 

April 10. Named John Henry ... A son to Charles 
Gaylord Sandell B.S.E. 71 and Margie 

Burrell Sandell 71 on March 5. Named Andrew 
Alden ... A daughter to James A. Littman 72 

and Carrie Littman on Feb. 12. Named Jada 
Simone ... A daughter to Debra Long Hunt 73 
and Gary E. Hunt on Oct. 10, 1984. Named Lauren 
Elyse ... A son and first child to Laura Meyer 
Wellman 73 and Ward Wellman on Nov. 30. 
Named Alexander Cleveland ... A daughter to 
Robert Willis 73 and Ruth C. Willis on March 22. 
Named Robyn Ann ... A daughter to Deborah J. 
Besch 74 and Tyler Anderson 74 on March 4. 
Named Elizabeth Jean Anderson. ... A daughter to 
Karen Littlefleld 73 and Bruce McCrea on April 

10. Named Megan Carol ... A daughter to Kathy 
K. Hlggins M.Div. 77 on Dec. 27. Named Helen 
Elizabeth ... A daughter to Martha Reel 
Leming 75 and Mike Leming on May 25, 1984. 
Named Caitlin Marie ... A son to Margot 
Metzner J.D. 75 and Mark Mandelkern on April 
22. Named Benjamin Tate Mandelkern ... A 
daughter to Robert Reid Linkous 76 and 
Sherry MacLellan Linkous B.S.N. 79 on May 
1. Named Ashley Reid ... A first child and son to 
Karl R. Dudek 77 and Susan Warner on Oct. 25, 
1984. Named Samuel Warner Dudek ... A second 

son to Susan Carey Hatfield 77 and William 

Hatfield on March 19. Named Peter Carey ... A 
daughter adopted on Feb. 22 by Joseph F. Hixon 

77 and Bernadette Hixon. Named Tori Jin ... A first 
child and son to Charles W. Lallier 77 and 
Rebecca Ragsdale Lallier on March 22. Named 
Andrew Ragsdale ... A first child and son to 
Robert G. Leech B.S.E. 77, A.M. '81 and 
Carolyn Cohen Leech B.S.E. 78 on April 27. 
Named Brian Nicholas. ... A daughter to Emily 
Busse Bragg 78 and Steven R. Bragg on Oct. 22, 
1984. Named Jennifer Emily ... A daughter to 
Lane Edward Jennings Res. 78 and Jane 
Jennings on Sept. 7, 1984. Named Lauren 
Elizabeth ... A son to Jill Russell Laird B.S.N. 

78 and Richard H. Laird III. Named Christopher 
Russell ... A first child and son to Carolyn 
Cohen Leech B.S.E. 78 and Robert G. Leech 
B.S.E. 77, A.M. '81 on April 27. Named Brian 
Nicholas ... A daughter to Rex K. Loftln 78 and 
Emily J. Loftin on Jan 17. Named Ashley 

Annette ... A daughter to John Nlcodemus 78 
and Ellen Welliver Nlcodemus B.S.N. '80 on 
March 8. Named Emily Starr ... A son to Steve 
Slawson B.S.M.E. 78 and Linda Slawson on April 
26. Named John Garver ... A son to Brian 

Joseph Brodeur 79 on Dec. 25. Named Michael 
Joseph ... A son to Sheryi Johnson Gmoser 

B.S.N. 79 and Dean J. Gmoser on March 12. Named 
David Michael ... A daughter to Sherry 
MacLellan Linkous B.S.N. 79 and Robert 
Reid Linkous 76 on May 1. Named Ashley 
Reid ... A first child and son to Shelagh 
Markey Maass 79 and Bill Maass on Oct. 23, 
1984. Named Richard William ... A first child and 
son to Sharon W. Taylor 79 and Ned Taylor on 
Jan. 20. Named Brian Edward. 


received a Ph.D. in 
molecular biology and biochemistry from Washington 
University. She will be a Helen Hay Whitney post- 
doctoral fellow at the Whitehead Institute for Bio- 
medical Research at M.I.T. 

Thomas Leland Cureton B.H.S. '80 received 
his master's in public administration from Brigham 
Young University. He lives in the Salt Lake City area. 

I Duffy Ph.D. '80 is assistant pro- 
fessor of sociology at Marshall University in Hunting- 
ton, WVa. 

William Faquhar '80 is an associate with the law 
firm Melrod, Redman and Gartlan in Washington, 
DC. His wife, Michele Clause Farquhar 79. is 

an associate with the Washington, DC, law firm 
Steptoe and Johnson. They live in Washington, DC. 

Thomas J. Flsler '80 is a residential sales 
associate with Allenton Realtors of Hillsborough, 
N.C. He lives in Durham. 

1 is a graduate of the 

Economies in Collison—Condos, Clams and Catastrophes 

1986 Marine Lab Alumni weekend— April 26-2 7, 1986 

Join us for a series of talks, tours and cruises on the local waterways. Focus will be on the future 

of coastal communities. A special tour of Historic Beaufort will be offered as a 

Sunday option. 

For reservations contact: Barbara Booth '54, Alumni Colleges, 614 Chapel Drive, 

Durham, NC 27706, 919/684-5114. 









n 1949, Roche! Carson 
spent the summer in Beau- 
fort, N.C, exploring tAe 
ric/i tidal lands of the area 
and finding inspiration for her 1955 
book, The Edge of the Sea. In 1962, 
she wrote Silent Spring, a book that 
placed her in the forefront of the ecol- 
ogy movement. 

Both of these hard-to-find books 
are now available to you from the Duke 
Marine Laboratory as a gift set, pack- 
aged and delivered with a message and 
information on the newly-established 
Rachel Carson Estuarine Sanctuary. 
This is a limited offer at $100, which 
provides a tax-deductible $75 donation 
to the Marine Lab. 

Support the continuance of un- 
spoiled marshes and dense woods where 
shorebirds,, waterfowl, marine life, and 
scientific research abound. Make your 
check payable to Duke University and 
send, along with your name and ad- 
dress, to: Michael P. Bradley, Marine 
Lab Development Officer, 2127 Cam- 
pus Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706 

Your Ticket 
To The Best Of 
Duke Athletics 

For only $100, you can become an Iron Duke and be recognized as a loyal supporter of Duke sports. 

You will receive a membership card entitling you to: 

• Priority Seating for all Home Football and Basketball Games 

• Reserve Parking for all Home Football and Basketball Games 

• Football and Basketball Press Books 

• Subscription to Devilirium, Duke's Top Sports Tabloid 

• Iron Duke Pin 

Your contribution helps strengthen Duke Athletics 

Levels of 



ng Allocations 


Ticket Allocations 

ACC Tourney 


$100 -$499 

No. 3 Area 

No. 3 Area 



$500 -$999 

No. 2 Area 

No. 2 Area 



$1000 -$2499 




to make 


$2500 -$4999 

(subject to escalate annually) 




$5000 and above 

(subject to escalate annually) 



2 and 2 

$2500 yearly 




Life Membership -$25,000 
Paid Up 




Life Membership -$25,000 
Paid Up Plus $2500 yearly 



2 and 2 

Life -Endowed 
Scholarship Donor 




2 and 2 

Endowed Scholarship Donor 
Paid -Cash $100,000 



2 and 4 

Endowed Scholarship Donor 
$5000 and above yearly 



2 and 2 

Endowed Scholarship Donor 

$2500 -$4999 annually 






Portion of pledge enclosed 

Balance of pledge due by 

•Please send me a reminde 

June 30*1986 




* All contributions are used for Intercollegiate Athletics. 

* All gifts are tax deductible Make checks payable to: 

Duke Athletic Fund, Cameron Indoor Stadium 
Duke University 
Durham, North Carolina 27706 
Note: Gifts and pledges paid between July 1, 1985 and June 30, 1986 entitle you ti 
Iron Duke benefits for 12 months from the date of your pledge or check. 

Bowman Gray School of Medicine. She will train in 
surgery at St. Mary's Hospital in Waterbury, Conn. 

John H. Hickey j.D. '80 is an associate with the 
law firm Smathers and Thompson in Miami, Fla. He 
was elected to the board of directors of the Young 
Lawyers Section of the Dade County Bar Association 
and is a member of the Judicial Evaluation Commit- 
tee of the Florida bar. He and his wife, Helen, live in 

John Stewart Kirkpatrick BSE. SO is a 
graduate of the Bowman Gray School of Medicine. 
He will train in orthopedics at Duke Medical Center. 

H. Krehbiel '80 is a student at North- 
western University Business School in Illinois. He 
lives in Evanston. 

C. Leinung '80 is a graduate of the 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine. He will train in 
internal medicine at Greenwich Hospital. 

Janet Dickey McDowell Ph.D. '80 has been 
named one of the Outstanding Young Women of 
America. She is a continuing adjunct professor of 
philosophy and religion at Roanoke College in Salem, 

Natko '80, J.D. '84 is an associate in the 
New York law firm Hawkins, Delafield and Wood. He 
lives in Brooklyn Heights, NY. 

Richard H. Patterson Jr. '80 is an associate 
with the law firm Stutz, Rentto, Gallagher and 
Artiano in San Diego. He and his wife, Kimberley, 
live in San Diego and have one daughter. 

Spencer Frederick Phillips '80 is a student at 
the Conservatoire de Musique de Geneve in Geneva, 






Richard G. Schoonover '80 is assistant natio 
sales manager of Oriental Trading Corp., a subsidia 
of Suave Shoe Corp. He and his wife, Blanca 
Garazi Schoonover '80, live in Miami and ha 

Patricia J. Wohl '80 is a consulting 
the Washington, DC, office of Kaplan, Smith and 
Associates, Inc., a consulting firm to the financial ser- 
vices industry. She received her M.B.A. from Vander- 
bilt University in 1982 and lives in Arlington, Va. 

Cliff Bailin M.H.A. '81 was named cost contain- 
ment program coordinator in the activities division of 
Blue Cross/Blue Shield Insurance of Durham. He lives 
in Chapel Hill. 

Deborah Jean Bostock B.S.E. '81 is a graduate 
of the Bowman Gray School of Medicine. She will 
train in family practice at David Grant USAF 

Anastasia M. Christie '81 is a graduate of the 
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. 
She will train in general surgery at the University of 
Virgina Medical Center in Charlottesville, Va. 

Gary Davis M.B.A. '81 is business development 
manager for Broadway and Seymour, an information 
systems and software consulting firm in Charlotte. He 
and his wife, Cynthia, live in Charlotte. 

Cynthia J. Goldstein 

■ of the 

Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. 
She will train in psychiatry at Georgetown University 
in Washington, DC 

CandiS D. Grace M.D. '81 was named captain in 
the Medical Corps of the U.S. Army Reserves. She is 
assigned to the 3274th U.S. Army Hospital in Dur- 
ham while she completes her residency in general 
psychiatry at Duke's department of psychiatry. 

Pamela Lynn Harges '81 is a graduate of the 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine. She will train in 
pediatrics at the University of Connecticut in 

Jay Hodgens B.S.E. '81 is assistant public health 
engineer for Putnam County in New York. He and his 
wife, Linda Seymour Hodgens B.S.N. '81, have 
two sons and live in Carmel, NY. 

Robert Michael Hullander BSE 81, a lieu 
tenant in the U.S. Navy, is a graduate of the F. Edward 
School of Medicine of the Uniformed Services Uni- 
versity of the Health Sciences in Washington, DC. 
He will train in surgery at the Naval Regional 
Medical Center in Portsmouth, Va. 

Richard Barrett Paulsen B.S.E. '81 is senior 

field engineer for Schlumberger Offshore Services. He 
lives in Morgan City, La. 

Pope J.D. '81 was named to North 

^ ;»»,,;; 


of Retirement Living 

lt~ retirement living on the coast 
what you've been working for... 

AND you u 

• thoughtful design and moderate pricing; 

• tennis, golf, swimming, boating and fishing; 

• neighbors who share your interests; 

• low taxes, strict zoning, stable community. 

t$ (J I you don't want: 

maintenance of a large home and yard; 
miction of a remote location; 
ie organized, scheduled and 
and have everything you want in a beautifully 
ted waterfront community of patio 
' ' iched homes, and townhouses, all 

Priced from $82,001 
McGinnis Point is or 
bridge from Morehet 
Pine Knoll Shores. „ 

r Bogue Banks 
id City, N.C. if 


—~~- . 


Don Brock, Inc. 

P.O. Box 736 
■'-?-- .^Morehlad City, NC 28557 


Toll free rtu 

Inside NC 1 
Outside NC 



Carolina Gov. James Martin's special counsel of state 

Stuart Meloy '81 is a graduate of the 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine. He will train in 
internal medicine at George Washington University 
Hospital in Washington, D.C. 

Frank John Scaccla '81 is a graduate of the 

Bowman Gray School of Medicine. He will train in 
general surgery at Monmouth Medical Center in Long 
Beach, N.J. 

is a graduate of the 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine. She will train in 
pediatrics at N.C. Memorial Hospital. 

James E. Suddath '81 teaches junior high 
school math in Atlanta, where he and his wife, 
Jennifer Young '82, also serve as dorm parents at 
Woodward Academy boarding school. They have one 

Barry K. Wein '81 is a graduate of Jefferson 

Medical School. He will train in family practice medi- 
cine in Newport News, Va. 

an admissions counselor at 
Duke for the past four years, is now assistant director, 
class activities, for Duke's alumni affairs office. He is 
an adviser for WXDU-FM, the campus radio station. 

V. Yuschak '81 is a graduate of the Temple 
University School of Medicine. He will train in 
general surgery at Abington Memorial Hospital in 
Abington, Pa. 

H. Barringer '82 was awarded a J. William 
Fulbright grant to study library automation at the 
Royal Library in Brussels, Belgium. She received her 
master's from UNC-Chapel Hill's School of Library 
Science in May. 

'82 is a designer with 

Edwin Schlossberg, Inc., a New York design company 
specializing in exhibitions. 

F. Elgner '82 is a research technician at 
Beth Israel Hospital in Boston. 

Victoria Harrington Franch '82 is a student at 

Princeton Theological Seminary. She and her hus- 
band, Harold, live in Havertown, Pa. 

Lucille Stea Jones '82 received a National 
Science Foundation fellowship in plant physiology. 
She is currently working on her Ph.D. at Rutgers Uni- 
versity. She and her husband, Lawrence J. 
Jones '81, live in Perkasie, Pa. 

Brian Douglas Ladr M.Div. '82 is pastor of The 

Second Baptist Church in East Providence, R.I. 

'82 is a student at Hahnemann 
University Medical College in Philadelphia. He and 
his wife, Ann, live in Overbrook Park, Pa. 

was presented an 
award presented at UNC-Chapel Hill's Student Re- 
search Day in a competition sponsored by the UNC 
medical student government. 

Joseph E. Pantigoso '82 has joined SSC&.B 
Inc. Advertising in New York City, which handles the 
accounts of Diet Coke, Tab, Heineken, and other con- 
sumer products. 

Charles M. Plnckney M.B.A. '82 is assistant 
vice president of NCNB National Bank in Tampa, 

Linda Leighanne Raftery B.S.N. '82 is a 

registered nurse at the Chowan County Hospital in 
Edenton, N.C. 

Tina D. Simpson M.B.A. '82 is an assistant 
product manager in marketing for Welch Foods in 
Concord, Mass. Her husband, Paul A. Hatcher 

M.D '84, is a resident at Mass. General Hospital in 
Boston. They live in Cambridge. 

in '82 is a recruiting and staffing 
specialist at Sumitomo Electric in the Research 
Triangle Park, N.C. 

'82 is a resident adviser at Wood- 
ward Academy boarding school in Atlanta. Her hus- 
band, James E. Suddath '81, teaches junior high 
school math. They live in Atlanta and have one son. 

Joseph Adam Zlrkman '82 attends Brooklyn 
Law School and is a member of the Brooklyn Law 

E. Byers '83 is a reporter for the Battle 
Creek Enquirer in Michigan. She was a research assist- 
ant at the Joint Center for Political Studies in 
Washington, D.C. She lives in Battle Creek, Mich. 

Patti Go relic k Goldberger '83, who received 
her master's degree from MITs Alfred P. Sloan School 
of Management in May, is a management consultant 
for Putnam, Hayes and Bartlett. She and her hus- 
band, Michael, live in Cambridge, Mass. 

David Eaton Latane Jr. Ph.D. '83 is assistant 
professor of English at Virginia Commonwealth Uni- 
versity. He lives in Richmond, Va. 

Donal L. Mulligan '83, who earned his M.B.A. 
from the University of Michigan, is a financial con- 
sultant with GTE Corp. of Stamford, Conn. 

R. Queen Jr. M.H.A. '83 was named 
administrator of Red River Hospital, a psychiatric 
facility in Wichita Falls, Texas. He and his wife, Jo, 
have two children. 

Richard Redfeam Ph.D. '83 is employed with 
DuPont as a research chemist. He lives in Haddon 
Heights, N.J. 

Eric J. Schlffer B.S.E. '83 is an electrical design 




There's no place like the Raleigh/Durham area. 
And the Duke campus you know and love so well. 

Don't you think it's time you came back home? 

Let us tell you about Four Seasons, an active re- 
tirement community just five miles from Durham 
and the campus. Just off 1-40, and minutes from 
Chapel Hill and Raleigh as well. A complete com- 
munity with a beautiful 1 5-acre lake, Four Seasons 
is located on a 150-acre, wooded countryside site. 

Preconstruction prices now available. Write or 
call for brochure and complete information. Call 
(919) 361-5869 or Write P.O. Box 13756, Research 
Triangle Park, NC 27709-3756. 

A Special Time. 
A Special Place. 



engineer for Texas Instruments. He lives in Dallas, 

Carolyn A. Thomas '83 is a graduate student in 
English and creative writing at Stanford University. 
She lives in Palo Alto, Calif. 

'84 is commercial real estate 
developer at the William B. Hare Co. in Atlanta. He 
lives in Smyrna, Ga. 

Neil Patrick Cook B.S.E. '84 is a management 
trainee in the engine marketing department of Cater- 
piller Overseas in Geneva, Switzerland. 

Russell Christian Darling M.H.A. 84 is 
administrative resident at Parkland Memorial Hospi- 
tal in Texas. He lives in Dallas, Texas. 

Paul A. Hatcher M.D. '84 is a resident in surgery 

at Mass. General Hospital in Boston. His wife, Tina 
D. Simpson M.B.A. '82, is an assistant product 
manager in marketing for Welch Foods in Concord, 
Mass. They live in Cambridge, Mass. 

J.D. '84 is an associate 
with the law firm Mahoney, Adams, Milam, Surface 
and Grimsley in Jacksonville, Fla. 

Damon Vemer Pike '84 served as special assis- 
tant to the director of communications for the 1985 
presidential inaugural committee. He is on the staff of 
US. Rep. James T. Broyhill in Washington, DC. 

Dolores Queen M.Div. '84 is minister of Mount 
Hebron, Pisgah and Centennial United Methodist 
churches in North Carolina. 

Cathleen Coyle '85 received a humanities fellow- 
ship from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 

i '85 works at The New 
York Times. She lives in New York City. 

MARRIAGES: Nancy Ruth Bolotln M.B.A. '80 


to Daniel L. Magida on April 31 . . . Will 
Farquhar '80 to Mlchele Clause 79 , 

24. Residence: Washington, DC. 
Igler '80 to Bradley Davis Swick on Sept. 22. Resi- 
dence: New York City . . . Laurie Marie 
Schramm '80 to Adrian F. Lanser III on Dec. 8. 
Residence: New Orleans . . . Gary Davis M.B.A. 
'81 to Cynthia Marie Watson on March 2. Residence: 

Charlotte, N.C Margaret Elizabeth 

Sovey B.S.N. '81 to Charles Thomas Donegan on 
May 11 at Duke Chapel. Residence: Durham . . . 
James E. Suddath '81 to Jennifer Young '82 
on Sept. 18, 1982. Residence: Atlanta . . . Jann- 
Paul Uldrick '81 to Christopher T Voight on Dec. 
29. Residence: Raleigh . . . Jere Jan Brophy 
BSE. '82 to Lynne Laurence Russell B.S.N. 
'84 on April 13 in Duke Chapel. Residence: Fairfax, 
Va . . . Mark Dunbar Carpenter '82 to Amy 
Claire Edmondson on Feb. 16 . . . Leo Charles 
Hearn Jr. M.F. '82 to Anita Gale Kirkland on 
March 23 in Duke Chapel . . . Linda Leighanne 
Raftery B.S.N. '82 to Philip Marget Spiro on March 
2 . . . Jennifer Joan Rokus '82 to M. Lee Heath 
Jr. on Jan. 5. Residence: Charlotte . . . Debra 
Mlllssa Sabatlni B.S.C.E. '82 to Michael Henry 
Armm on May 26. Residence: N. Plainfield, N.J. . . . 
Arthur Shingleton J.D. '82 to Sara Laughlin on 
March 23. Residence: Raleigh . . . Tina D. 
Simpson M.B.A. '82 to Paul A. Hatcher M.D 
'84 on April 20 in Duke Chapel. Residence: Cam- 
bridge, Mass. . . . Andrea Taylor '82 to Gil M. 
Cirou. Residence: Arnage, France . . . Jennifer 
Young '82 to James E. Suddath '81 on Sept. 
18, 1982. Residence: Atlanta . . . Tanza Michelle 
Armstrong '83 to Jeffrey Carl Hensel on April 20. 

Residence: Pineville, N.C Patti Gorelick '83 

to Micheal Goldberger on June 10, 1984. Residence: 
Cambridge, Mass. . . . Barbara Jean Linde- 
M.F. '83 to Steven Eric Daniels on May 

'83 to William 

Joseph Fusco Jr. on April 13 . . . Annette 
Christine Baker '84 to Richard Wood Morgan on 
April 27. Residence: San Diego . . . Paul A. 
Hatcher M.D. '84 to Tina D. Simpson M.B.A. 
'82 on April 20 in Duke Chapel. Residence: Cam- 
bridge, Mass. . . . Anne Baucom Keesler 
B.S.N. '84 to Vincent Thomas Long M.D. '85 
on April 13. Residence: San Francisco . . . Lynne 
Laurence Russell B.S.N. '84 to Jere Jan 
Brophy B.S.E. '82 on April 13 in Duke Chapel. 
Residence: Fairfax, Va . . . Stephen Charles 
Schram A.M. '84, M.B.A. '84 to Patricia Lynn 
Wilcock on May 11 . . . Vincent Thomas Long 
M.D. '85 to Anne Baucom Keesler B.S.N. '84 
on April 13. Residence: San Francisco . . . Lisa 
Ann Mlka '85 to Richard N. Drake on May 18. Resi- 
dence: Cleveland, Ohio . . . Anne M. Patterson 
M.H.A. '85 to S. Jay Niver II on May 4. Residence: 
Wilmington, N.C. 

BIRTHS: A daughter to Edward Joseph Duffy 

Ph.D. '80 on July 7, 1980. Named Meaghan 
Mullaen ... A daughter to Ellen Welliver 
Nicodemus B.S.N. '80 and John Nlcodemus 
'78 on March 8. Named Emily Starr ... A first child 
and daughter to Jane Weideli Ott B.S.N. '80 and 
Gregory Ott on March 28. Named Megan 
Christine ... A son to Richard G. Schoonover 
'80 and Blanca Garazi Schoonover '80 on 
May 26, 1984. Named Daniel Carleton ... A son to 
James E. Suddath '81 and Jennifer Young 

'82 on Feb. 11. Named Joshua Caleb ... A son to 
John J. Jacobs '84 and Sharon Jacobs on Dec. 
19. Named Evan Johnston. 


The Register has received notice of the following 
deaths. No further information was available. 

The Book That Almost Wasn't 

A Story of Glory: The History of Duke Foot 
ball, twenty years in creation, was nearly de- 
stroyed in one night. The book was ready to 
roll off the presses when fire broke out last 
fall. The negatives were hanging next to 
the presses when the printing plant 
burned to the ground. 

Commissioned some twenty years 
ago, the book was Glenn E. ("Ted") 
Mann's life, as well as his work. 
Mann was Duke sports information 
director during the glory days, and 
even the threat of fire couldn't keep 
this historical, informative, and inspira 
tional story from being told. The manu- 
script was saved when the printer realized 
the boards, from which the negatives were 
made, were stored in a separate building! 

Now, the story can be told: the first Trinity team 
coached by the school's president; the 25-year ban on 
football; President Few's commitment to athletics; the 

hiring of Wallace Wade; the bowl teams -Rose, 
Sugar, Orange, and Cotton; the Hall of Famers 
— Crawford, McAfee, Lach, Hill, Tipton, 
Murray, Cameron, and Wade; the all-time 
lettermen; a year-by-year review; and un- 
believable photos from the 1890s right 
up to Ben Bennett's record-setting 
pass against UNC As former pres- 
ident Terry Sanford writes in the fore- 
word: "This book is Ted's story. It re- 
counts, in the kind of detail that delights 
a football fan, the wins, the losses, the 
near-misses and the personalities who led 
Duke to its most dramatic football adventures." 
And, it's a must for any Duke graduate. 

order A Story of Glory: The History of Duke Football, send $10 plus 
$1.50 for shipping and handling to: Duke Sports Information Office, 
306 Finch-Yeager Building, Durham, NC 27706. 


. :ip 

Make check payable ti 
ccepted. Card number 

Charles Settle Bunn 17 on Dec. 23 . . . 
Linwood D. Hicks '20 on Jan. 18 in Raleigh, 

N.C J. Louis Reynolds '33 in November 

1983 . . . L. Garland Scott '34 on April 18 in 

Sanfoid, N.C Samuel G. Tyler '35 on April 

10 . . . Margery W. Fox '38 on Feb. 16 . . . 
Romeo A. Falcianl B.S.E. '39 on Jan. 13 . . . 
Virginia A.C. Holllck '41 on May 29, 1984. 

I A. Tlllett '14 on April 12 in Charlotte, N.C. 
She was professor emeritus at Queens College in 
Charlotte and a member of the American Associa- 
tion of University Women. She is survived by several 
nieces and nephews. 

Uly Mason Reitzel '21 on April 12 in Durham. 
She is survived by three sisters, a son, and three 

Louis Hall Swain '28, A.M. '32 on May 14 in 

Black Mountain, N.C. He had retired after 25 years as 
professor in the English department at N.C. State 
University. In recognition of his contribution to the 
university, the Louis Hall Swain Lecture Series was 
established in 1971. He is survived by his wife, 
Virginia Sloan Swain, two daughters, two brothers, 
four grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. 

Delma Louis Gery '29 on May 10 in Durham. He 
retired as director of engineering for the Burlington 
Domestics Division of Burlington Industries and was 
deacon of Watts Street Baptist Church. He is survived 
by his wife, Louise Parker Gery, two daughters, three 
sisters, three brothers, and five grandchildren. 

Archibald Hanes Pate '33, M.D. '37 on Feb. 19 

in Goldsboro, N.C. He served as a medical officer in 
the U.S. Navy during World War II and later as com- 
mander of the National Guard 105th Medical Batta- 
lion in Goldsboro. He was medical director at Cherry 
Hospital when he retired in 1981. He is survived by 

his wife, Corinne Willis Pate, two sons, a daughter, 
two sisters, four grandchildren, and two 

William L. Pope '35 on Jan. 19 of pneumonia. He 
retired in 1974 as manager of his company, All-Good 
Chair Co., in Cookeville, Tenn. He is survived by his 
wife, Mary N. Pope, and several nieces and nephews. 

Samuel Gwathmey Tyler '35 on April 10 at 
Hilton Head Island. A life member of the Iron Dukes, 
he was the owner of Tyler Enterprises in South Caro- 
lina. He is survived by his wife, Claudia Tyler, four 
sons, and eleven grandchildren. 

William F. Holllster M.D. '38, associate professor 
of surgery at Duke Medical Center, on May 20 in 
Kiawah Island, SC. He was a staff member at Moore 
Memorial Hospital in Pinehurst, N.C. He is survived 
by his wife, Flora Caddell Hollister, four children, and 
six granddaughters. 

Ruth M. Kelleher Adams '39 on April 4 in 
York, Pa. She is survived by her two children. 

'39 on March 23 in Green- 
ville, N.C. She was retired from the East Carolina 
University Developmental Evaluation Clinic. She is 
survived by her husband, Jacob Milton Hadley 
'32, a sister, two children, and four grandchildren. 

John Franklin Chapman '40 on Feb. 16 in 
Fredericksburg, Va. He was a lieutenant in the U.S. 
Navy Amphibious Forces in World War II and served 
as a computer data specialist for RCA and ITT. He is 
survived by his wife, Edna Barnes Chapman, a brother, 
three daughters, and six grandchildren. 

Harry Kelley '40, mayor of Ocean City, Md., on 
Feb. 13 in Ft. Lauderdale. He is survived by his wife, 
Constance Kelley. 

William B. Cocke '41 on Feb. 14 in Lincolnton, 
N.C. A resident of Denver, N.C, he served in World 
War II as a pilot in the U.S. Air Force. In 1975, he 
retired from his Charlotte, N.C. , dry cleaning busi- 
ness. He is survived by his wife, Louise Brown Cocke, 
a brother, two sons, a daughter, and six grandchildren. 

Hugo R. Phillips B.S.E. '41 on May 6 in Knox- 
ville, Tenn. He was retired from Lockheed Corp. but 
still remained active in engineering-related activities. 
Three of his working miniature model engines will be 
displayed at the Duke School of Engineering. He is 
survived by his son, J. Russell Phillips '71. 

Felix Kurzrok '43 in Oxford, Conn. He was the 
manager of the Kurzrok Insurance Agency in Oxford. 
He is survived by his wife, Barbara, two children, and 
two grandchildren. 

Elbert Luther Gurley B.S.E. '47 on Dec. 8 of 
kidney failure. He served in the U.S. Navy in World 
War II and was a member of the Duke ROTC. He is 
survived by his wife, Ann Franke Gurley, three 
daughters, and four grandsons. 

John Clark Dunson '52 of a heart attack on 
April 11 in Savannah, Ga. He is survived by his wife, 
Mary Dunson, three sons, and a sister. 

I Stucky Reed Ph.D. '55 of emphysema 
on Jan. 17 . She is survived by her son, Allan. 

Donald D. Borders M.D. '58 on April 3 in 
Fresno, Calif, of a brain tumor. A native of Colorado, 
he practiced medicine in Colorado Springs for six 
years before moving to Fresno. He is survived by his 
wife, Sandra Simson Borders, a son, and two 

Ph.D. '61 on April 28 
at Duke Hospital. He taught at Duke for several years. 
He is survived by his wife, Ann Martin Barlow, two 
children, a brother, and three grandchildren. 

The Duke Annual Fund 

Your Help Will Keep it a Winner 

Annual Fund National Chairwoman Judy Woodruff, '68 (second from right) 
and Annual Giving Director Allison Haltom, 72, (second from left) accept the 
U.S. Steel Award from William Gregory, Chairman of the U.S. Steel Founda- 
tion, and Jane Johnson, Chairman of CASE. 

The individual achievements of Duke alumni over the 
years have brought much honor to their alma mater. 

This year, it was a collective alumni accomplishment 
which earned Duke a very special award. In recognition of 
sustained alumni giving to the Annual Fund, Duke was 
named the first place major private universities winner in 
the Council for the Advancement and Support of 
Education/U.S. Steel Alumni Giving Incentive Awards 

Congratulations! Considered the highest honor of 
its kind, the U.S. Steel Award calls national attention to the 
loyalty and dedication of Duke alumni. Parents, foundations 
and corporations look upon such support as strong evi- 
dence of the value of a Duke education. More than 22,000 
donors can take pride in what their contributions mean to 

But don't Stop now. To maintain this momentum, 
the Annual Fund hopes to make 1985-86 an even better 
year. Your support will make this possible. When you get a 
phone call or letter requesting your participation, please 
respond generously. 

Your university thanks you. 

2127 Campus Drive 

Durham, North Carolina 27706 

(919) 489-4119 

Clyde A. Parker Ed.D. '65 in a car accident on 
Jan. 30, 1984. He served as dean at Wilkes Commu- 
nity College, president of Kemersville Wesleyan Col- 
lege, director of teacher education at Bennett College 

in Greensboro, and professor of education at Winston- 
Salem State University. He was pastor of the First 
Wesleyan Church Complex in High Point, N.C., 
which includes a retirement center, nursing home, day 

care center, day school, and an academy through the 
twelfth grade. He is survived by his wife, Ernstena 
Parker, and two sons. 



three-bedroom house overlooking golf 
course and wildlife refuge. Air-conditioned, 
fully equipped, sleeps eight. Tennis courts, 
swimming pool available. Call (202) 
362-1546 for rates and availability. 


by Louis Orr, framed matted, bought 1940. 
Subject: South End of Quadrangle, includ- 
ing Library, Union, Crowell Towers. Number 
54/150. Subject: Union, Dormitory group 
with Chapel Tower. Number 91/150. Price: 
$250 each, plus postage. Mrs. Edwin Wilson 
Jr., 55 Central Park West, New York, NY 

BASKETS AND BOWS, INC., opened in 
December 1982 by a Duke alumna, special- 
izes in unique gifts delivered to your Duke 
student! Our offerings include: tempting 
Gourmet Baskets, delicious Birthday Cakes, 
and delightful Balloon Bouquets. We wel- 
come your special requests and invite you to 
visit our shop when you are in Durham. Call 
or write for our brochure. (919) 493-4483, 
1300 University Drive, Durham, NC 27707. 


SUNNY HAWAII or owning a vacation/ 
investment property here? Contact Page 
Brewster '83 for expert advice and help. Of- 
fice: (808) 524-2844. Residence: (808) 
926-8688. Please leave a message. I'll get 
back to you! 

SMALL GROUP TOURS emphasizing na- 
tural history, especially birds: ARGENTINA, 
23 days, $2,887 inclusive. Also Florida, Cen- 
tral America, and China. Write WORLD 
NATURE TOURS, INC., Box 693h, Silver 
Spring, MD 20901. 

KIAWAH ISLAND, S.C., Come enjoy our 
unspoiled beach and superb sports weather. 
You can relax in privately-owned, fully-fur- 
nished villas or homes. We offer you superior 
service and quality. OCEAN RESORTS 

INC. OF CHARLESTON, 1-800-221-7376 
or (803) 559-0343. 


"EVERY GUN THAT IS MADE, every war- 
ship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in 
the final sense, a theft from those who hun- 
ger and are not fed, those who are cold and 
are not clothed. This world in arms is not 
spending money alone. It is spending the 
sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scien- 
tists, the hopes of its children... This is not a 
way of life at all in any true sense. Under the 

cloud of threatening war, it is humanity 
hanging from a cross of iron.'— President 
Dwight D. Eisenhower, April 16, 1953. 

The quote above was published as a full- 
page advertisement in 23 newspapers across 
the country on May 30, 1985, by Joan B. 
Kroc, 8939 Villa La Jolla Drive, San Diego, 
CA 92037. Mrs. Kroc urges that if you agree 
with President Eisenhower's statement, send 
a copy of it along with your personal com- 
ments to your senator and congressman (in 
care of U.S. Senate, Washington, DC. 20510, 
and House Office Building, Washington, 
DC. 20515). 

This ad sponsored in Duke Classifieds by 
the Reverend Raymond D. Kiser, Duke '73. 


uke Classifieds are your chance to deal with 74,000 
alumni and friends all over the country. Here is all you 
have to do: 

Rates: For one-time insertion, $25 for the first 25 words, $.50 for each 

additional word. There is a 10-word minimum. Telephone numbers count 

as one word, zip codes are free. Display rates are $100 per column inch (IVi 

x 1). Discount for multiple insertions is 10 percent. 

Requirements: All copy must be printed or typed; no telephone orders are 

accepted. All advertisements must be prepaid. Send check (payable to 

Duke University) or money order to: Duke Classifieds, Duke Magazine, 614 

Chapel Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706. 

Deadlines: October 1 (November-December), December 1 Qanuary- 

February), February 1 (March-April), April 1 (May-June), June 1 



Check or money order for $ . 

Ad should appear in the following issues: 
Ad should read as follows (type or print): 

MAIL TO: Duke Classifieds, Duke Magazine, 614 Chapel Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706 



On July 5, we flew nine hours non-stop to 
New York from Helsinki, Finland, and then 
spent six more hours getting to our home in 
Lincolnton, North Carolina. On that evening 
as we were going through the mail that had 
accumulated during our one month in Scandi- 
navia and Russia, I was attracted to the Duke 
Magazine, and I happened to read "A Soviet 
Summer" [Duke Gazette, May-June]. 

Having been a philosophy major at Duke, I 
am used to such questions as "How do you 
know? How do you really know?" One way to 
avoid the necessity of documenting and verify- 
ing one's statements is to acknowledge that 
one speaks only from his own perspective and 
within his own experience. Professor Andrews 
failed to do this when she said, "Russians love 
Americans more than any other nationality." I 
beg to differ with the young professor's report 
of Soviet-American relations. 

We spent six days in the Soviet Union, June 
28-July 3, 1985. Our first three days were in 
Tallin, Estonia. We were with a group of Fin- 
nish tourists and were very well treated. We 
were able to visit the Methodist Church in 
Tallin and my husband (Ralph "Jack" Kayler 
'52, M.Div. '55) preached behind the Iron Cur- 
tain. Then we went as individual tourists to 
Leningrad. The in-country train was smelly 
and dirty. We were put in a compartment with 
a drunken girl and a man who snored all night. 
In Leningrad, our movements were monitored 
by the "In-tourists," but we were consistently 
given little or incorrect information, had great 
difficulty getting around, and could find few 
people who would speak English to us. On the 
return train to Finland, the customs official 
tried to take my film. 

I recognize I speak from my own perspective. 
I blamed a lot of our problems on the language 
barrier. The one year of Russian I had at Duke 
was too little and too long ago. However, two 
Danish boys had breakfast with us one morn- 
ing in Leningrad on their way to Moscow. One 
young man spoke fluent Russian and had a 
diplomatic passport because he would be 
working at the Danish Embassy for a year. Yet 
those boys reported the same sort of difficulties 
that we were having. They were repeatedly 
given wrong directions and then not allowed 
to proceed; their path would be blocked. They 
were interrogated frequently and had to show 

their papers often. The young men reported 
that the Russian young people shook their fists 
at them and shouted words of hatred to them. 
Perhaps the university-related Russians with 
whom Dr. Andrews associates provide her 
with a quite different experience. I hope so. 
Our experience as individual tourists in Russia 
is not one I wish to repeat. 

Claudette Taylor Kayler '57 
Lincolnton, North Carolina 



Earlier this week I was spending a pleasant 
hour reading the May-June Duke Magazine 
when I was shocked and dismayed to read Pres- 
ident Sanford's remark that "I don't want 
people walking across the campus all the time 
talking about Chaucer when they could be 
talking about the Maryland game. I mean that 
it's artificial, and we don't want a bunch of 
nerds. We want a bunch of well-educated 

I don't know how it was, but so stunned was 
I that I fell into a sleep, and while I slept, 
Chaucer appeared to me in a vision. He polite- 
ly introduced himself and said that he strongly 
suspected that his Clerk of Oxenford was a bit 
of a nerd by President Sanford's definition. He 
requested, therefore, that he be allowed to re- 
place his old clerk with a new one after the 
Sanford model, and this, or something like it, 
was his speech: 

The New Clerk 
(Sanford Model) 

A clerk ther was of Duke, I woot, also 
That unto bis'ness hadde longe ygo. 
A reede Mercedes was his grete delygt, 
And bondes he purchased as he might. 
From Gucci hadde he robes and also shoon, 
And his investments all were after oon. 
He was in soothe a fine alumnus true, 
And ev'ry yere he gave as was hys due. 
Ne was this yit a very grete surpryse 
For whan a student he was always wyse. 
No fool was he, ond even less a nerd, 
Of Chaucer he hadde nevre said a word, 
Ne was his speche of Shakespeare ever full, 
Ne lemed souning ever proved him dull. 
But aye he spak of football daye and nyghte, 

It was in very trouthe his dere delyght. 
Whan Maryland played Duke he was aye 

And whan he coude he always led the 

And thus it was he came at last to be 
So truly educated as you see. 

Phillip B. Anderson Ph.D. 75 
Conway, Arkansas 

When not engaged in dreams medieval, the 
writer chairs the English department at the Uni- 
versity of Central Arkansas. 



As head of a school and as a college counse- 
lor who has recommended Duke to many of 
our outstanding students, I am always inter- 
ested in learning as much as I can about the 
university, its people, and its programs. We cer- 
tainly try to get as much feedback as we can 
from our graduates who attend Duke and have 
visited the campus several times. However, I 
must tell you that I look forward to receiving 
my bimonthly copy of Duke Magazine. The 
design is delightful, the articles informative, 
and sections like the "Duke Gazette" sources of 
very practical and useful items when discuss- 
ing Duke with prospective students or parents. 

Sending Duke Magazine to guidance offices 
is a great idea. Sometimes when institutions 
get into a cost-cutting mood, such services are 
often the first to go. I want you to. know that 
this is one college counselor who sees Duke 
Magazine as a very valuable guidance tool, in 
many ways more effective than the typical 
public relations or admissions publications. 

Keep up the good work, and keep sending 
Duke Magazine. 

James E. Cavalier 
Head, Senior School 
Sewickley Academy 
Sewickley, Pennsylvania 

The admissions office mails the magazine to 
1,000 high school guidance counselors— a proj- 
ect underwritten by Duke's General Alumni 





n August walk 
through the forest 
has run its course. 
The tour guide de- 
livers a final bit of 
guidance: Look out 
for signs of poison- 
ivy exposure and 
assault by clinging ticks. Thus imbued with 
this sudden group-consciousness, the lis- 
teners immediately suspect the worst, and 
begin itching. 

Even a morning's sampling of the Duke 
Forest— a slice of the Korstian Division, near 
Chapel Hill— is far more than an encounter 
with the hazards of the wilds. To the unini- 
tiated trail-walker, a tree is a tree is a tree; one 
wiser in the ways of the forest will recognize 
a tree melange of Virginia pines, red cedars, 
white oaks, beeches. Occasionally trees 
come complete with yellow ribbons, a do- 
not-touch advisory of research in progress. A 
controlled-burn site along the trail, though 
disquieting, is only a mild interference with 
the whims of nature, done to prevent one 
species from overtaking another. Departing 
from the beaten path, one can find hints of 
life in the forest before there was a forest: the 
foundation of a turn-of-the-century grist mill; 
remnants of a stone dam— built to turn the 
water-wheel that powered the mill— along 
the New Hope Creek; protruding from a 
thick, lush sea of periwinkle shrubbery, well- 
worn gravestones that mark generations of a 
farming family. 

And reminders keep appearing of a fast- 
paced life in the forest today: The forest 
wanderer will be joined briefly, then over- 
taken quickly by a steady stream of runners, 
dog-walkers, and weekend horseback riders. 
At the time of European exploration and 
settlement, in the early 1800s, most of the 
North Carolina Piedmont was heavily for- 
ested. "The early settlers found a mild and 
healthful climate and fertile lands," noted 
the Duke Forest's first director, Clarence 
Korstian, in his inaugural Forestry Bulletin. 
"But forests occupied vast areas, and their 
greatest task. ..was to cut down the timber, 
clear the land, and prepare it for cultiva- 



Duke's most extensive 

natural resource is an 

outdoor laboratory, an 

unparalleled place to 

develop and demonstrate 

forestry practices— and a 

popular place for 


tion." The early settlers grew corn, wheat, 
oats, rye, potatoes; because of the prices they 
commanded, tobacco and cotton later be- 
came more important. Each estate was es- 
sentially a self-sustained economic unit, 
Korstian pointed out: "Under this system, 
which involved clearing large areas of forest 
land and placing it under cultivation, little 
attention was given to the maintenance of 
soil fertility. Land was plentiful, labor was 
cheap, and when the topsoil of a field had 
been washed from the slopes or the land no 
longer produced a satisfactory agricultural 
crop, it was 'turned out' and allowed to revert 
to forest." 

With the washing away of topsoil came the 
gradual depletion of soil fertility and reduced 
productivity. Another problem was created 
by the widespread over-production of agri- 
cultural crops, the result being low prices in 
the marketplace. Frustrated farmers aban- 
doned their fields. Natural history would 
repeat itself: Largely through natural regener- 
ation, the forest returned. 

In the 1920s, James B. Duke authorized 
officials of Trinity College to acquire land— 
for which he would pay— on which a new 
university would be built. (From his ventures 
in tobacco and the power industry, Duke was 
well-aware of the importance of adequate 
land holdings and of guaranteeing good ac- 
cess to those holdings.) With Trinity vice 
president Robert Lee Flowers acting as chief 
land purchaser, 4,700 acres of forest and 
abandoned farms in Durham and Orange 
counties, plus an abandoned quarry, came to 
the university-in-the-making. Unaware of 
the grandiose plans, owners sold at very rea- 
sonable prices. On some of that land, a mile 
and a half from the old Trinity spot, the new 
Duke campus took shape. A rail link between 
quarry and campus brought in the building 
stones. (In a more modest way, the quarry 
continues to feed the university, with exteri- 
or rock panels in the Bryan University Cen- 
ter, Gross Chemistry, Duke North, and even 
a parking garage all sharing that point of ori- 
gin.) Some of the freshly-acquired land was 
carved up for State Highway 751, a major 
access route to the university that borders 


portions of the Duke Forest; much of it was 
left untouched to ensure scenic surroundings 
for the new campus, and to serve as a buffer 
against increasing development. 

The university formally established the 
Duke Forest in 1931— seven years before or- 
ganizing the School of Forestry, now Forestry 
and Environmental Studies— and appointed 
Korstian its first director. From the begin- 
ning, the forest was meant to serve as an area 
for development and demonstration of fores- 
try practices, as a research area for timber 
growing, and as an outdoor laboratory for 
forestry students. During the Thirties, sever- 
al federal agencies, including the Civilian 
Conservation Corps and the Soil Conserva- 
tion Service, helped in the establishment of 
a managed forest. Workers surveyed and 
mapped the area, built roads and bridges, 
planted abandoned fields, and thinned over- 
ly dense natural stands. Research got under 
way in earnest. And the sale and harvest of 
timber provided a steady source of revenue. 

With later land purchases by university 
officials, the forest eventually reached its 
current size of 8,300 acres in five major divi- 
sions and several outlying tracts. The Dur- 
ham Division is the oldest and largest divi- 
sion, containing more than 3,075 acres in 
Durham County (home to the university) 
and Orange County. Small portions have 
been lost to homesite development, campus 
expansion, the Duke Golf Course and Facul- 
ty Club, and the right-of-way for a highway 
connecting Durham and Chapel Hill. But 
the forest has survived largely intact. 

Tree-watchers on a forest stroll can find up- 
land hardwoods (mostly oak and hickory), 
bottomland hardwoods (birch, sycamore, 
and maple), pines (loblolly pine especially, 
plus some shortleaf and Virginia pine), and 
mixed pine and hardwood. The forest also 
plays host to an array of wildlife: according to 
a recent count, thirty species of mammals, 
ninety species of birds, twenty-four amphi- 
bians, and thirty reptiles. The Eno River and 
New Hope Creek both cut through the forest, 
the Eno adding an estimated forty-four and 
the New Hope twenty-four species offish to 
the animal inventory. Sites of archaeological 
interest also have a home in the forest. All 
the tracts have old cemeteries; some, like the 
Korstian Division, have the remains of mills, 
liquor stills, stone walls, even a cobblestone 

The current holder of Korstian's position, 
now titled forest resource manager, has an 
office decorated with detailed maps of the 
forest, a Smokey the Bear warning against 
careless fires, and a piece of forest timber as 
his doorstop. Perhaps the most visible sym- 
bol of the range and strains of Judd Edeburn's 
job is just outside his office: a bulletin board 
with a space designated for "Complaint of 
the Week." For this week he pinned up a tele- 
phone message ("While You Were Out..."). 

Each year, about 135,000 

hikers, bikers, runners, 

horseback-riders, and 

picnickers descend on 

the forest. 

The caller, reads the message, "has a com- 
plaint about the squirrels from the forest 
eating his birdseed. Wanted to know why 
you don't feed them." Edeburn has hung a 
plastic bag for "Donations," which is gather- 
ing a good collection of nuts. 

A 1972 graduate of Duke's forestry school, 
with a specialty in wood technology, Edeburn 
began his career as a researcher and surveyor. 
For four years he was with Carolina Power & 
Light, part of a team that considered the 
environmental impact of proposed power 
plants. He became forest resource manager— 
the first to hold that title- in 1978. Supervis- 
ing two forest laborers and several student 
assistants, Edeburn says his is only a part-time 
field position; much of his work involves him 
in budgeting, reporting, scheduling, and 
planning activities. The goals originally out- 
lined for the forest— research and teaching- 
remain firmly in place, he says, though recrea- 
tional use has intensified. 

The Duke Forest is, above all, a managed 
forest; and complex, even competing, goals 
demand complex management efforts. Says 
Edeburn: "One could manage a forest just by 
preserving it— managing it so as not to allow 
man-caused perturbations to succession, but 
to allow natural processes to dominate. At 
the other end of the spectrum would be the 
highly-intensive management characteristic 
of the forest industry, where you have a fairly 
high dollar investment in producing and 
harvesting a certain crop of trees. We fall 
somewhere in the middle. We have areas that 
we've preserved for observation, and the 
studies that are allowed in there are just ob- 
servation—we don't manipulate those stands. 
They usually represent areas that are a little 
bit unique to the Piedmont, that we choose 
to keep as examples of Piedmont vegetation. 
Other areas we are actively managing for 
demonstration purposes, for particular re- 
search projects. Usually that means having a 
cross section, trees of different types and dif- 
ferent ages." 

In the course of a century or so, according 
to Edeburn, "a lot of the forest would look 
pretty much the same if we didn't do any- 
thing. The percentage of pine would gradu- 
ally decrease, though, and we'd end up with 
more hardwoods— with less overall diversity." 

Ensuring diversity is a big part of careful 
management. In some areas, forest authori- 
ties simply allow the forest to reseed itself; in 
other areas, they plant in order to introduce 
diversity in the age or the type of tree. In 
some pine stands, they engage in controlled 
burning, used to expose bare soil so that 
seeds can germinate and to remove competi- 
tion from hardwood species. 

It's not only in an educational sense that 
the Duke Forest is an investment. In general, 
says Edeburn, the forest has been self-sup- 
porting throughout its history. Up until 
Korstian's retirement in 1960, the forestry 
school was the direct beneficiary of revenue 
from the forest— and directly responsible for 
supporting it. Since that time, the university 
has funded operation of the forest, and has 
also enjoyed any accrued revenue. For the 
past eight years, it's been a modest revenue- 
producer, according to Edeburn. The source 
of income is timber sales, mostly to local 
sawmills. Some of the purchased timber gets 
made into furniture or plywood . But mills are 
primarily interested in pine for construction 
lumber, and they shape most of their pur- 
chases into framing used for construction. 
General harvesting guidelines limit clear- 
cutting areas to thirty acres, except in the 
case of unusual research demands. At the 
same time, Edeburn points out, cuttings and 
thinnings help promote diversity, demon- 
stration, teaching, and research— all basic to 
forest management. 

The most frequent use of the forest, Ede- 
burn says, is for laboratory work by classes. By 
way of their outdoor classroom, forestry stu- 
dents get their exposure to pest-management 
practices, forest soils, and other forest-linked 
subjects at first hand. Edeburn's student 
assistants learn the techniques of thinning 
and harvesting, site preparation, tree plant- 
ing, and the use of prescribed fire. The forest 
is, of course, a major drawing card for the 
graduate-level programs in the School of 
Forestry and Environmental Studies. The 
attractions of an 8,300-acre field station are 
also powerful for Duke botany and zoology 
students, as well as students from neighbor- 
ing universities. Over the years," about 150 
master's theses and doctoral dissertations 
have come from the forest. 

Occasionally, there comes a project with a 
twist— a twist away from strict attention to 
biological sciences. With the forest as her 
base for data collection, Rachel Frankel '84 
wrote a history honors thesis on agricultural 
land-use patterns from 1750 to 1950. As her 
adviser, botany professor Norman Christen- 
sen, puts it, the Frankel work was a "bridging 
of history, ecology, and archaeology." Delv- 
ing into estate papers, wills, personal letters, 
family papers, land deeds, and census col- 
lections—and employing, on top of all that, 
soil surveys, aerial photographs, and forest- 
cover maps— Frankel studied the Couch 


tract of the Durham Division. What evolved 
was a case study of a family of small farmers 
and their attempts, over five generations, to 
make a living from their land— land that 
eventually fell victim to "soil exhaustion" 
brought by poor planting strategies. Among 
the questions she explored: "Who farmed 
this land and for how long?" "What crops and 
livestock did the farmer cultivate and raise?" 
"What sorts of agricultural techniques and 
implements did he employ?" "Whom, and 
how many people, did the land support?" 
"What were the consequences for the land 
when generations of farmers stripped the 
forest and tilled the soil?" 

Good-sized portions of the forest are staked 
out for faculty research. And typically, even 
a single research site represents a major com- 
mitment in land and resources. "We have to 
watch not just the research plot itself, but 
the areas right beside the plot," says Edeburn. 
"If you change nearby conditions like light, 
temperature, or humidity, you could have an 
unwanted impact on the research next door." 
Some of the pioneering work in southeast- 
em forestry, dating to the Forties and Fifties, 
came from faculty in the Duke Forest field. 
Korstian is among the group of pioneers. He 
and his colleagues in forestry concentrated 
on questions of forest succession— quantify- 
ing how an emerging pine forest is replaced 
by hardwoods, showing that higher rates of 

There was something 
strange in the forest. 
That was clear to 
Norman Christensen right 
after he joined the Duke 
botany department in 1973. 
As a naturalist, Christensen 
commonly took his classes 
out to the Duke Forest; and 
the strange thing he saw there 
was a set of trees with painted 
numbers. No faculty member 
had any knowledge of what 
had been going on— not until 
newly-appointed forestry dean 

old files he had come upon. 
Those files included maps 
and data that corresponded, 
Christensen quickly realized, 
to the numbered trees. 
Beginning in the early 1930s, 
Clarence Korstian and his 
group of early researchers had 
established about eighty-five 
research plots in the forest. 
Within each plot— a tenth of 
an acre to two acres in size- 
they had numbered every 
tree, identified it by species, 
and measured its height and 
circumference. Returning to a 
particular site every five to 
eight years, they had recorded 
life cycles in the forest through 
meticulous field notes. But by 
the Sixties, the observations - 
and the collective memory of 
the project— had diminished. 

It was, in Christensen's 
words, "an amazing set of 
data." Among ecologists, he 
says, there is a good deal of 
interest in recovery from dis- 
turbance—whether distur- 
bance from fire or, in the case 
of the Duke Forest, from the 
soil erosion and degradation 
produced by settlement and 
poor farming practices. "A lot 
of the theories are not rigor- 
ously tested; they're based on 
shaky inference. Where 
people don't have an extensive 
data set that allows them to 
see a process over a long 
period of time, they like to 
infer what happened."But fifty 
years of Duke data provided 
the basis for a lot more than 
educated guesses. 

By the mid-Seventies, classic 
theories regarding forest suc- 
cession and change were shift- 
ing. Christensen applied to the 
National Science Foundation 
for a grant to do some theory 
testing. The grant came 
through; and Christensen, 
along with University of North 
Carolina colleague Robert 
Peet, resumed some of the old 
Korstian studies and added 
some new plots. They are 
building a theoretical base 
that, Christensen says, is ana- 

i to insurance 

Their field studies in the 
forest are showing, for exam- 
ple, what characteristics of a 
tree are most highly correlated 
with longevity — how a tree's 
diameter and height, or the 
invasion of neighboring trees, 
affects its life history. From 
those studies they are also 
able to reconstruct history— to 
determine the look and the 
use made of forest land long 
before it assumed its present- 
day shape. 

Christensen, an associate 
professor of botany and in the 
School of Forestry and En- 
vironmental Studies, says data 
collection in the forest could 
easily sustain him for the next 
two decades— "and there will 
still be more to be done." He 
revels in the cross-disciplinary 
thinking that the work 
demands: "You have to be a 
historian, an amateur sociolo- 
gist, and sometimes an 
archaeologist just to under- 
stand what's going on." He 
takes satisfaction, also, in the 
supporting role of the NSF, a 
government agency: The 
government's Civilian Con- 
servation Corps recruited the 
original force of dollar-a-day 
assistants who, in the Thirties, 
descended on the Duke Forest 
to number Korstian's trees. 

photosynthesis under low light help hard- 
woods defeat pines in the competition for 
water and nutrients. 

Many within the newest crop of faculty re- 
searchers have concentrated in areas related 
to the forest ecosystem in the broadest sense- 
touching on botany, ecology, and zoology, for 
example. Among the researchers: Kenneth 
Knoerr, who joined the forestry faculty in 
1961 and began studying the forest "micro- 
climate." His microclimate studies have in- 
volved him in charting the energy and mass 
exchanges between forest and atmosphere— 
the impact of atmospheric influences on the 
photosynthesis process and water balances 
in the forest. Mounted at various levels on an 
assortment of towers rising above the canopy, 
Knoerr's sophisticated meteorological instru- 
ments are taking precise and instantaneous 
measurements. The effects they're measur- 
ing include temperature, wind speed and 
direction, atmospheric pressure, humidity, 
carbon dixoide, and sunlight. Knoerr's inter- 
ests extend to measuring the concentrations 
of toxic materials such as lead, and, also, 
gauging the fallout from acid rain. 

Edeburn considers his 8,300 acres about 
average in size for schools of forestry. "We're 
fortunate in that much of the land is close to 
campus. That's not the case with a lot of 
research forests." While the chunks of land 
not so close to campus complicate the job of 

management, there's value in dispersal, 
Edeburn says. "Having it spread out gives us 
some variety in terms of soil, topography, and 
vegetational patterns that we wouldn't have 
if it were all in one block of land. It's an ad- 
vantage in research and teaching." 

Another boost to research and teaching is 
the diligent documentation going back to 
the forest's earliest history as a managed area. 
In his Forestry Bulletin, Korstian said that 
through "the maintenance of careful records 
of all activities and operations," the forest's 
"coordinated development as a demonstra- 
tion and research area and as an outdoor 
laboratory is facilitated." Today, the Duke 
Forest office is a repository for section-by- 
section information on soils, topography, 
inventory, planting, and cultural records. It 
also functions as a clearinghouse on past and 
current research. 

When he developed his statement of ob- 
jectives, the first manager, Korstian, didn't 
envision one dramatically-expanding use of 
the forest: as a recreational area. Edebum's 
figures show that 135,000 hikers, bikers, 
runners, horseback-riders, and picnickers 
descend on the Duke Forest each year. News- 
paper advertising for condominium and 
apartment complexes— and even for horse 
stables— commonly boasts of the forest's 
proximity. With the Triangle's explosive de- 
Continued on page 48 






hat if a com- 
puter could 
the tasks it 
instead of 
simply re- 


sponding to programmed commands? And 
what if it could talk— not in a stilted video- 
game voice, but in natural, conversational 
tones? Then we would truly have a system of 
two-way communication. We wouldn't have 
to rely on a keyboard for putting information 
into the system or on printouts for getting in- 
formation out of it; we could hold a normal 
conversation with the computer. 

Researchers at Duke have taken the first 
steps down that long road to artificial intelli- 
gence. Led by Alan W. Biermann, associate 
professor of computer science, a group of 
Duke scientists has developed a voice- and 
touch-activated computer system: The user 
can talk to the computer, or touch the screen, 
or both, and the computer will figure out how- 
to carry out the command. The Voice Inter- 
active Processing System, or VIPS, as it is 
called, is the product of more than seven 
years' work by Biermann and his associates. 

VIPS is not the only computer system that 
can recognize spoken words or operate from 
touch, and it is not the only one that can 
understand typed English sentences. But it is 
the first system to put all three components 
together to produce a fast, efficient, conver- 
sational system, says Biermann. 

Biermann's associate, Casey Gilbert, ex- 
plains how the system works. "It's a voice and 
touch input system that can manipulate ob- 
jects displayed on the screen. The screen is 
touch-sensitive — if you put your f'nger on it, 
you generate a coordinate that the computer 
recognizes. We manipulate text specifically 
with VIPS, although much of the system is 
general enough that we envision doing other 
kinds of things, like keeping a calendar of 

VIPS is a task-oriented system, which 
means that it is designed specifically to work 
with a person in performing a task, such as 



Researchers have taken 

the first steps down the 

long road to artificial 


word processing or information storage. Us- 
ing VIPS, a worker on an assembly line could 
simply call out part numbers or models in- 
stead of having to use a keyboard to enter the 
information. The system would then store 
the information, and the worker could keep 
his or her hands free for other tasks. 

The way VIPS works looks deceptively 
simple. The system has a vocabulary of eighty 
words that it recognizes, and as long as the 
user groups these words in a specific order, 
VIPS will carry out the appropriate com- 
mand. For instance, the system can insert or 
delete groups of words or entire paragraphs; it 
can center, capitalize, and move words, sen- 
tences, or paragraphs within the document; 
it can color parts of the document. 

Every command, entered through a micro- 
phone-equipped headset, begins with the 
word "Now," followed by an imperative verb 
and several noun groups, and ends with the 
word "Over." VIPS quickly processes com- 
mands such as: "Now, delete the second 
sentence in the first paragraph, over"; "Now, 
move the third paragraph to the end, over"; 
"Now, capitalize these words, over." In issuing 
the last command, the user touches the 
screen as he or she says "these words," and the 

indicated words will be capitalized. That's 
what is meant by a voice-and touch-inter- 
active system. 

To respond to each command, VIPS uses a 
two-stage process: voice recognition and lan- 
guage understanding. In the first stage, a com- 
mercially purchased "recognizer" matches 
samples of language already stored in its 
memory with words that are spoken. Then, 
the recognizer is hooked to a host computer 
that actually translates the sentences into a 
form the computer can identify 7 . 

"The host computer's job is to make sense 
out of an English sentence, and if you tell it 
to do something, its job is to do it," Biermann 
says. "So the host computer has a small, really 
a microscopic, grammar for English. Then it 
has special routines that represent the mean- 
ing of the individual words, so if you say the 
word 'paragraph,' the system has to be able to 
find the paragraph." The computer doesn't 
actually "understand" the text on the screen, 
but it is programmed to recognize images on 
the screen— words, sentences, paragraphs. 
Biermann explains: "The words on the screen 
could be French, but we wouldn't speak 
French to it. We would still say, 'Delete the 
first paragraph,' and it would do it." 

Although the system is far from being a 
HAL, the omniscient computer in 2001: A 
Space Odyssey, Biermann says it does repre- 
sent the state of the art in artificial intelli- 
gence. "I don't think you can get a demon- 
stration comparable to this anywhere in the 
world. There are some things similar to it in 
one way or another, but I don't think there 
are any that are as good." 

One of the ways VIPS shows its "intelli- 
gence" is by following the focus of the user's 
commands, so it can actually perform an in- 
tended action— even if the request is ambi- 
guous. For example, a sentence that contains 
a pronoun, such as "this," "it," or "them," is 
very complicated for a computer system, be- 
cause the system must determine which on- 
screen image or images the pronoun refers to 
before it responds to the command. Deter- 
mining the reference of a pronoun is an easy 
task for a person, but it is difficult for a 
computer, Biermann says. To help VIPS deter- 

mine noun and pronoun references, Biermann 
and his associates developed a pyramid-shaped 
data structure for the computer. 

"So if we say something like 'this sentence,' 
and suppose the first item is not a sentence, 
VIPS will throw that away and look at the 
next layer to see if it is a sentence. If there is 
no single sentence, it will give up and say, 'I 
don't know what you're talking about.' But if 
it finds a sentence at some place on the 
pyramid, the highest place on the pyramid 
where it can resolve that noun group will be 
used to resolve it." 

Biermann and his colleagues began de- 
veloping VIPS for word processing capabili- 

cessing, wanted to begin advanced office 
automation research at Duke. The project 
got started after IBM agreed to provide the 
financial backing. Biermann says that unlike 
the original proposal, the VIPS system al- 
lows the user to speak in a fairly natural way. 
In addition, says Gilbert, the team is now 
working with a more powerful computer, with 
a reaction time of two seconds instead of the 
nine seconds the system originally took to 
process each command. 

As an outcome of the VIPS research, Bier- 
mann and his associates have developed a 
specific application for the U.S. Army. They 
have simulated a target tracking system that 

and games have a 
I place in the artificial- 
iligence world. It was 
1977 when Duke defeated 
world champion Stanford 2-0 
in a grueling, four-hour, com- 
puter-to-computer contest 
between universities. The 
game was checkers. 

In the competition, Duke's 
checkers-playing computer 
blanked Stanford in a two-out- 
of-three match played long 
distance. Duke's champion- 
ship program was written over 
a couple of years by Eric 
Jensen, who earned his Duke 
Ph.D. in 1982 and is now a 

senior analytical chemist with 

i Lilly, and Tom Truscott 
'75, who took his master's in 
computer science in 1981 and 
went on to join the Research 
Triangle Institute as a compu- 
ter scientist. VIPS creator Alan 
Biermann (pictured on the 
right, with associate Casey Gil- 
bert) advised the two students. 

According to Biermann's 
estimate at the time, the Duke 
computer reviewed 100,000 
possible moves in the match 
with its Stanford rival. As play 
proceeded, the Duke com- 
puter would decide on a 

each Stanford 

move, and -through a print- 
out—would inform the stu- 
dents of its response. The 
students passed on the in- 
formation to a Stanford pro- 
fessor, who passed it on to the 
Stanford computer, which 
proceeded to make up its 
electronic mind on the next 
Stanford move. 

Stanford -which, before the 
competition, was thought to 
have had the world's best 
checker-playing computer- 
conceded one game after 
sixty-one moves, and the 
other game after fifty-nine 
moves, giving Duke the 

Jensen and Truscott were 
part of the program-writing 
team behind "Duchess," or 
Duke University Chess. In 
1980, Duchess beat the Soviet 
Union's chess program for the 
third time since 1977 and 
placed third overall in the 
World Computer Chess 
Championship. Lenz, Austria, 
was the site for the champion- 
ship. After winning its first 
three games, including the 
match with the Soviet Union, 
the Duchess computer pro- 
gram lost to the chess program 
of Bell Telephone Laboratories 
of New Jersey. 

The world championships 
have been held every three 
years since 1974. According to 
Biermann, at least in this 
branch of artificial intelli- 
gence, the Soviets have usually 
been the team to beat. 

ties partly because the research grant was 
sponsored by IBM, which is interested in of- 
fice automation applications, and partly 
because word processing involves a clearly 
structured hierarchy for programming. "Word 
processing is in many ways a nice, clean 
domain to work with," Biermann says. "It has 
a nice hierarchy." 

The current system is much better than the 
one the researchers proposed in 1979, when 
the idea was initiated. At that time, Mel Ray, 
then vice chancellor in charge of data pro- 

allows helicopter pilots to use voice and 
touch to tell the system to spot certain tar- 
gets, identify them, and track their move- 
ment. Before, pilots had to work the control 
panel buttons as well as use their hands to fly 
the helicopter. 

Although the present capabilities of VIPS 
have exceeded the expectations of the Duke 
researchers, Biermann points out that a bit 
more work has to be done. "There are a lot of 
next steps. We would like to be able to space 
anything anywhere on the screen; we can't 

do that now. We couldn't say, 'Put certain 
words across in a row.' So arbitrary spacing 
would be one thing. Another would be to in- 
crease the vocabulary capability in order to 
adjust margins any way you wanted." 

At a higher level, Biermann says, they 
would like to develop a sophisticated voice 
response for the system. Such a system would 
follow the rules of human conversation: talk- 
ing in natural tones and even saying "hello" 
whenever a person sat beside it. To reach this 
level of sophistication, the computer system 
must be able to interpret the meaning behind 
the question, not just its literal translation. 
"There are different levels of understanding," 
Gilbert says. "Understanding the intent be- 
hind something is different from literal 
understanding, and computers are very 

Biermann explains that the computer sys- 
tem would have to understand the user's 
motivation in asking specific questions. "If 
you ask me a question, I take that question 
and I say, 'Oh, that question is simply an 
indication of a seties of motivations.' For 
example, if you asked, 'What is that?' and 
pointed to the control box, the computer 
would say, 'That is the control box.' But a per- 
son would interpret, 'She wants to under- 
stand how the system works.' I take the words 
that you say, not on the basis of their mean- 
ing, but as hints to what you really want to 
know. I have a basic understanding of what 
you are concerned with, so it is a process of 
tying the questions into your whole motiva- 
tional system." 

Reaching this stage of sophistication is 
extremely difficult, Gilbert says. "You have 
to put a lot of facts and a lot of connections 
between facts into the computer. The com- 
puter doesn't know anything about the world 
it exists in, and you can tell it a bunch of 
things, but if you don't tell it how to connect 
everything up, it still doesn't know anything 

Because the computer is not able to think 
in the same way a person can, Biermann and 
Gilbert do not foresee the development of a 
humanistic computer system— not within 
this century, and probably not at all. HAL 
will only exist in science fiction, not in 

"The only truly intelligent being that we 
have a model of is a human being ," Biermann 
says, "and people always want to compare 
machines with humans. There will never be 
a match. Computers are always going to be 
better than humans at some things— like add- 
ing columns of numbers— and they are al- 
ways going to be worse than humans at some 
things, no matter what happens. Machines 
are always going to be machines." H 

Courtright, a Chapel Hill free-lance writer, last wrote 
a story on the psychology of selfishness for Duke 






e's linked to some of 
the most famous 
buildings in the 
country: 333 Wacker 
Drive, Trump Tower, 
Union Bank Square, 
and One Post Office 
Square are all part of 
the list. He also has done more, in his own 
quiet way, than most of his peers to change 
skylines across the nation. Benjamin Duke 
Holloway '50, chief executive officer of Equi- 
table Real Estate Group, Inc., has real estate 
in his blood, and the United States is a differ- 
ent place because of it. 

Holloway lives, sleeps, and breathes real 
estate. To him, it is the most alive and chal- 
lenging profession in the world, constantly 
changing— offering new problems to solve 
and goals to reach. All his own investments 
are in real estate, and he encourages others to 
follow his lead— for a very simple reason. 
"Real estate will always be a good invest- 
ment," he says, "because everybody needs a 
place to stand." 

Holloway himself— a descendant of the 
Dukes, the founding family of the univer- 
sity—first stood in Durham, where he was 
born in 1925. After earning his bachelor's 
degree with a major in economics, he moved 
to Washington, D.C., to take a job with the 
Federal Housing Administration. A year 
later he joined Equitable Life Assurance as a 
trainee in the city mortgage division. 

Donald Trump's name announces New 
York's dazzling Trump Tower, but Holloway 's 
Equitable Life Assurance Society is a half 
partner in the building. Equitable also owns 
the forty-two-story 500 Park Tower and half 
of the Sheraton Centre Hotel in Manhat- 
tan, and important properties in every other 
major city in the nation. As The New York 
Times put it in a profile last year, Holloway 's 
ability to commit the Equitable's vast re- 
sources is "unparalleled in the world of insti- 
tutional real estate." While other companies 
may have larger portfolios, "no single person 
elsewhere in the insurance industry has the 
kind of authority Mr. Holloway has," the 
Times reported. "Holloway has prevailed 



against institutional inertia, moving Equi- 
table well beyond the industry's traditional 
role in financing real estate... The leading 
edge, for Equitable, meant not j ust providing 
mortgages, but actually owning real estate 
itself— and, increasingly, building its own 
investment properties." 

During his thirty-four years in the busi- 
ness, Holloway has watched real estate grow 
and change; and he has instigated some of 
the largest transformations himself. "Energy 
costs in the Seventies was the prime factor in 
determining this change. It used to be so in- 
significant that no one cared how much it 
cost," he says. "The average office building 
today is designed in such a way as to use half 
of the energy it would have ten years ago. 
Things such as more insulation, better win- 

dows, and smarter overall structural designs 
accomplished this." 

Labor costs and soft costs— the cost of every- 
thing but the actual bricks, mortar, and 
building parts— have also changed the 
character of building. While homes and 
apartment houses aren't too different today, 
Holloway feels that those built in the 1920s 
are much better designed than their Eighties 
counterparts. He blames this on labor, which 
is now a much higher percentage of the cost 
of the building, and soft costs, which are now 
40 to 50 percent of a new structure's budget, 
as compared to 15 to 20 percent before. 

Holloway has also watched as the owner- 
ship of buildings increasingly switched to 
institutions. Over the years, home ownership 
has remained popular and rental housing is 
no more liked than it ever was. The word 
ownership itself, however, is something the 
silver-haired southern gentleman and Duke 
trustee feels quite strongly about; for it was 
by making the case for Equitable Life Assur- 
ance to invest in ownership of buildings 
rather than fixed-income mortgages that 
Holloway helped change the skyline of 

Real estate is a very competitive business, 
and because the market is inefficient, it will 
always be an easy field to enter. Since no one 
can have a monopoly on all that is occurring, 
says Holloway, the business will always be 
like a frontier, "boom and busty,, but it's one 
of the most exciting businesses because of 

Making a mark in this frontier, however, is 
more easily speculated about than done. 
When Holloway arrived at Equitable, the 
firm was investing its cash in fixed-income 
mortgages. One of the other options for 
making good use of its money would have 
been to buy buildings outright; Holloway set 
out to persuade Equitable that this was the 
path to pursue. "As a pure real-estate invest- 
ment, it's like talking about cats and dogs. 
They're quite different and you have to de- 
cide what kind of investment you want. If 
you invest in a mortgage and all goes well, 
the owner will either pass you your fixed in- 
come or maybe even pay you off and go into 


something else. If it's lousy real estate, 
however, it'll fall in on you. These don't seem 
like options that are the best of all possible 
worlds to me. However, if you own the real 
estate, you take all the risk but get all the re- 
wards as well when things are going smooth- 
ly. You're no longer a passive investor." 

Holloway's work was cut out for him as he 
tried to persuade his superiors, during the 
early Seventies, that his theories represented 
sound business practices. With the help of 
an associate, George Peacock, he was vic- 
torious in changing their minds, and, ulti- 
mately, the culture at Equitable, making it a 
big player in the real-estate world. 

It was an odd step for an insurance firm to 
take— insurance being an industry known 
for its caution rather than its entrepreneurial 
spirit. Its success, however, can be seen just 
by looking at Equitable's portfolio, which has 
multiplied more than eleven-fold in the past 
decade. It owns or has major holdings in over 
forty-eight hotels with 23,500 rooms, ninety 
shopping centers with 42 million square feet 
of space, 55 million square feet of office space, 
and over 158 million square feet in rentable 
property— more space than in downtown 
Chicago and Dallas combined. Holloway 
alone, as chief executive officer of Equitable's 
real-estate group, manages assets that exceed 
$20 billion. 

Equitable's most recent project is the 
financing of the $400-million Merchandise 
Mart, designed for high-tech wholesalers, in 
Manhattan's new Times Square complex. 
Holloway played a crucial role in resolving a 
dispute over which developer would build 
the merchandise mart. The fray involved dif- 
ferences between the state and the city, 
which at one point threatened to withdraw 
from the partnership and complete the pro- 
ject on its own. Not only the mart, but the 
entire Times Square redevelopment effort, 
in which it has a central role, were threat- 
ened. But Holloway, in the words of a New 
York deputy mayor, became "the glue that 
brought the parties together." He has also 
taken the lead in creating a partnership be- 
tween the city and major New York financial 
institutions to build housing for middle- and 
lower-income people. 

Building and financing real estate isn't all 
that's important to Holloway. An unabashed 
building fan, he just plain loves to look at and 
experience buildings. Naturally, he has his 
favorites. In New York, there's the new AT&T 
building with the "Chippendale top," which 
he enjoys because of its classical style. He 
also likes the National Gallery in Washing- 
ton, D.C., because the East and West wings 
are such good counterparts to each other- 
one classical Greek, the other modem. Much 
like the characteristics of the architecture he 
admires, his Sutton Place apartment, too, is 
appointed with classical accents. 

While he thinks all "cities are great places," 

his favorite is Miami, with "the greatest water- 
front in the world." Holloway and his wife 
own a second home in Miami, and it is there 
that he relaxes by playing tennis, biking, or 
taking walks along the shore to study the sky- 
line. He is enthusiastic about Miami because 
he sees it as the gateway to South America, 
with a favorable future ahead. 

Holloway is, in fact, enthusiastic about the 
future of all American cities, especially those 
with a strong downtown core of stable com- 
panies, transportation networks, and archi- 
tecturally sound buildings. If a city did not 
have a strong downtown to begin with, he 
wouldn't give it much of a chance. But down- 
towns in general, he says, are experiencing 

"Real estate will always 

be a good investment. 

Everyone needs a place 

to stand." 

their renaissance and rebounding from the 
exodus to the suburbs during the Seventies. 
Much of this he attributes to the lure of areas 
rich with style and character as well as with 
shopping opportunities, and to improving 
transportation systems. 

New York, being the one-of-a-kind city 
that it is, he looks at as a unique case. "New 
York went through a crisis and finally came 
of age in the Seventies. It's a city that's really 
become world important. There will always 
be people who need or want to be here, and 
it should never falter again." Holloway still 
thinks it has unresolved problems, however, 
namely the lack of affordable housing and a 
crumbling infrastructure. A strong believer 
in free-market forces, he does not think that 
rent control will ever work side by side with 
economical housing; and he sees that in- 
herent contradiction creating problems in 
the future. 

Holloway finds it hard to sit still in a city as 
alive as New York— or in any city, for that 
matter— and he's a constant blur of motion. 
Not only is he up and out of the apartment 
by 7 a.m., but he's also involved in an array of 
corporate and community-service activities: 
He is a member of the vestry of Trinity Church, 
sits on the New York Real Estate Board and 
the Real Estate Institute of New York 
University, and is a cathedral trustee of St. 
John the Divine. He has collected a host of 
community-service awards— the Good Scout 
Award from the Boy Scouts and the Urban 
Leadership Award from NYU's Real Estate 
Institute, among them. In former Governor 
Carey's administration, he was on the Gov- 
ernor's Council on State Priorities and the 

Governor's Council on the World Trade 

A Duke trustee, Holloway has a record of 
volunteer service for the university that 
brings together his interests in investment, 
public policy, and the arts. He is chairman of 
the trustees' Investment Committee; and he 
has leadership roles with the $200-million 
capital campaign— particularly with the cam- 
paign committees working to boost support 
for the arts, and to endow the Policy Sciences 
Institute and rename it for President Emeritus 
Terry Sanford. 

From Holloway's viewpoint, the future of 
real estate sparkles. He occasionally lectures 
at Duke's Fuqua School of Business and he 
tells his students: "If you're an entrepre- 
neurial type and want to be in business for 
yourself— in the business of trying to create 
value— then real estate is the best thing for 
you. There is no limit to what you can do with 
it— providing, of course, that, like Benjamin 
Duke Holloway, you are "interested in it 
heart and soul." 

Recently, Holloway has had a chance to 
put some of his ideas into stone with the 
Equitable's new limestone-and-granite head- 
quarters in New York. He chose the architect, 
was involved in most of the major design 
decisions, and took responsibility for the 
important role that art will play in the 
$175-million, fifty-four-story building. The 
first modern office tower on Seventh 
Avenue, the building is considered by city 
authorities a likely spur to new construction 
activity on Manhattan's West Side. Com- 
plete with a five-story atrium, a 500-seat 
auditorium, a health club with an Olympic- 
size pool, three elegant "world-class" res- 
taurants, retail shops, and shared tenant tele- 
communications services, Equitable Center 
is being advertised as "New York's most sophis- 
ticated business environment." It will house 
both a branch of the Whitney Museum and 
Thomas Hart Benton's ten-panel "America 
Today" murals, the famed Great Depression 
paintings now owned by the Equitable. 

Holloway is also helping to lead an 
$80-million fund-raising campaign to 
complete New York's Cathedral of St. John 
the Divine and endow it for perpetuity. 
Construction of the cathedral— which 
Holloway sees as "a monument to New 
York— began in 1892. Because of funding 
shortages, though, it remains only two- 
thirds complete. 

In his New York Times interview, Holloway 
expressed his fondness for buildings that 
have dramatic public spaces and Italian 
marble. Trump Tower, with both, is one of his 
favorites. Holloway put it succinctly to the 
Times: "I love the idea of making beautiful 
places." ■ 

Walker '83 is a free-lance writer living in New York 



In the wake of damaging revelations 
about the integrity of intercollegiate 
athletics, from low graduation rates to 
high fees paid to attract athletes, praise con- 
tinues to be heaped on Duke athletics for its 
winning record— in academics. 

In the past academic year, Duke and Notre 
Dame shared the College Football Associa- 
tion Achievement Award for graduating the 
highest percentage of football players. Now 
U.S. News and World Report and The Washing- 
ton Post are joining the chorus of praise for 
Duke's emphasis on the student in student 

"Duke University's basketball and football 
teams aren't perennial top ten finishers," 
wrote U.S. News and World Report's Alvin 
Sanoff in the July 1 edition, "but the school 
outranks most of its competitors in a more 
important category— graduating athletes." 
The magazine included Duke among the 
select schools that maintain integrity in 
their athletic programs by following the rules 
and keeping athletes on course academi- 
cally. The article characterized Duke as a uni- 
versity with tougher academic standards than 
most, but one that still graduates its athletes 
in four years instead of five. 

"We find it difficult to say that Duke is a 
four-year institution for everybody except 
football and basketball players," said Athletic 
Director Tom Butters in the story. Said Andy 
Bryant, associate director of undergraduate 
admissions, "We will not recruit a basketball 
player with a C average and low scores on the 
Scholastic Aptitude Test even if he can stuff 
a basketball with his elbows." 

In a June series about abuses in college 
athletics, The Washington Post's Mark Asher 
wrote of Duke: "[This] highly selective pri- 
vate school in Durham appears to have a 
model program, in which most athletes gradu- 
ate in four years, and red-shirting is not al- 
lowed except in medical cases." Admissions' 
Bryant told the newspaper that Duke has 
accepted no athlete in the past eight years 
with a combined math-verbal SAT score of 
less than 700, and rarely less than 800. 

"Intercollegiate athletics is a viable part of 
a university, but no more viable than other 
parts. It just happens to be more visible," said 
Athletic Director Butters. "In this day and 
age, it is easy to let athletics, with the finan- 

cial pressure and the greed to win, get out of 
perspective. And a university that allows 
that to occur is living on borrowed time." 


Perkins Library has a rare find in its 
manuscript department, but until 
recently, no one knew it. Valuable 
photographs of General, and later, Presi- 
dent, Ulysses S. Grant by premier Civil War 
photographer Mathew Brady have now been 

The fifteen-photo collection includes four 
individual portraits of Grant originally taken 
either by Brady or his assistants in 1864, 
1866, and about 1883. There are eleven 
group pictures, ten taken at City Point, 
Virginia, in 1864-65, and one shot at Look- 
out Mountain, Tennessee, in 1863. 

The collection, which was unlabeled, 
received new attention when librarian and 
assistant curator William R. Erwin Jr. and his 
assistants were discussing better methods of 
safely storing and preserving old photog- 
raphs. The photos were identified by compar- 
ison with the same prints listed as Brady's 
and published in Lawrence A. Frost's U.S. 
Grant Album, A Pictorial Biography of Ulysses 
S. Grant, From Leather Clerk to the White 
House, obtained on interlibrary loan from 

the Virginia Military Institute, Erwin says. 

Erwin says the finds are albumen prints 
(referring to the egg white coating on the 
paper) with the exception of the Lookout 
Mountain print, which is an emulsion paper 
print made from a Brady negative in the late 
nineteenth or early twentieth century. Ac- 
cording to Erwin, the albumen prints were 
made from glass plate negatives. It is not 
known whether Brady and his studio actually 
printed these photographs, but Erwin be- 
lieves the prints are probably "contemporary 
with the time when the negatives were 

The photos of Grant hold particular inter- 
est for Civil War buffs because of the colorful 
stories attached to the long-standing rela- 
tionship between Grant and Brady. For 
example, when it was learned that Grant 
would travel to Washington to receive his 
promotion as three-star general, Brady was 
asked to photograph the enigmatic leader 
about whom there had been much written 
but few photographs made public. 

Grant was scheduled to appear at Brady's 
studio at 1 p.m. after he'd met with President 
Lincoln. Four cameras and all Brady's assist- 
ants were at hand for the occasion. Grant, 
accompanied by Secretary of War Stanton, 
was several hours late. With the light fading, 
Brady hurriedly sent an assistant up on the 
roof to move the shade back from the sky- 
light. In his haste, the assistant slipped; his 
foot crashed through the glass and sent two- 
inch thick shards falling down around the 
already seated Grant. The general was not 
injured, and written accounts, perhaps 
fueled by his reputation as a stoic, contend 
he didn't even flinch. 

Secretary Stanton, however, was flustered 
and reportedly cautioned Brady "not to say a 
word about the incident. It would be difficult 
to persuade the people that it was not an 
assassination attempt, he said. 

The portraits of Grant taken on that 
occasion allowed a glimpse into his usually 
well-hidden emotions and, therefore, are 
considered by many to be the best existing 
portraits of Grant. Frost considered the por- 
traits revealing of "the troubled days before 
Vicksburg, the hours of lonely drinking in 
his tent to banish unknown fears, the brood- 
ing," all of which had "etched themselves 
into Grant's face." Most of the photographs 
by Brady illustrate Grant's preference for the 
casual look, including the open jacket that 
often attracted comment. 


Brady and his assistants were responsible 
for 3 ,500 photographs of individuals, troops, 
and places during the Civil War. He had 
studios in Washington and New York before 
he died in 1896. 


|^^ uke's five-year-old Institute of the 
^Us Arts has selected its new director, 

^^^ Michael E. Cerveris. He succeeds 
James Applewhite '58, A.M. '60, Ph.D. '69, 
who will continue teaching in the English 

Cerveris, who assumed the post in August, 
was chairman of the division of fine arts at 
Alvemo College in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
since 1982. He had been executive director 
for the Institute of the Arts at Marshall Uni- 
versity in Huntington, West Virginia, where 
he also served as professor of music, assistant 
chairman of the music department, and 
chairman of the piano department. 

For four years, Cerveris performed as 
pianist and soloist with the U.S. Navy Band 
Orchestra in Washington. He was the found- 
ing artistic director and conductor for the 
River Cities Summer Scene in Huntington, 
and also served as music director and con- 
ductor for Marshall Theater Productions. 

A recipient of numerous awards for teach- 
ing, performing, and community involve- 
ment, Cerveris earned his undergraduate 
degree from the Julliard School of Music, his 
master's from Catholic University, and his 
doctorate from West Virginia University. 

Applewhite, the first director of the Insti- 
tute of the Arts, joined Duke's English depart- 
ment in 1971. The author of several books of 
poetry, he held a National Endowment for 
the Arts fellowship in creative writing in 
1974 and a Guggenheim Fellowship in 
poetry in 1976. He will remain an associate 
professor of English at Duke, and serve as a 
fellow of the institute. 

The Institute of the Arts originates inter- 
disciplinary courses in the arts, integrating 
them with performances, exhibitions, and 
visits to the campus by distinguished artists. 


Can a price tag be placed on human 
life? Absolutely, says a Duke econo- 
mist, whose formula for figuring worth 
is based on how much risk people are willing 
to take in their jobs. 

W Kip Viscusi of the Fuqua School of Busi- 
ness directs Duke's Center for the Study of 

Cerveris: arts administrator 

Business Regulation. Viscusi, deputy director 
of the Council on Wage and Price Stability 
for two years during the Carter administra- 
tion, told The New York Times that the "will- 
ingness to pay" approach to occupational 
risk, or how much additional pay workers are 
willing to accept for risking their lives, is a 
useful way to determine how much they be- 
lieve they are worth. 

According to his formula, economists look 
at how much money employees must be paid 
to accept a certain level of risk in their jobs. 
A calculation can then be made as to the 
value employees place on their own lives. He 
says, for example, that if a certain job carries 
a fatality risk of one in every 10,000 workers 
in a year, and workers are willing to face that 
risk for an additional $300 in pay, then that 
group values one of its members' lives at 
$300 times 10,000 workers, or $3 million. 

Viscusi says the average blue-collar worker 
puts a $3 million to $3 .5 million price tag on 
life. In high-risk jobs such as mining and oil- 
rig drilling, where the death risk is one in 
1,000, workers value life at about $600,000. 
White-collar workers, who are far less willing 
to accept any risk at all in their jobs, value 
their lives at $7 million to $10 million each. 

Such figures cannot be translated into dol- 
lar amounts as paid by insurance companies, 
says Viscusi , but they are used by federal regu- 
latory agencies to help measure the useful- 
ness of proposed regulations in reducing risks 
of death on the job. The higher the value 
placed on an individual's life, he says, the 
better the case for strong regulations. 

"You may make an ethical argument that 
all lives should be valued the same," says 
Viscusi. "But individuals clearly have differ- 
ent attitudes toward risk. If you eliminate the 

risk, it will often cost some workers income 
that they would like to have earned." 

The importance of determining these 
value figures is in how they are used, he told 
The New York Times. "The alternative is to 
pull values out of the air and not make the 
public aware of what the trade-off is between 
money and risk on the job. We always have to 
get back to the fundamental trade-off be- 
tween money and risk, because we don't have 
enough money to eliminate all the risks." 


A five-year campaign to raise $12 mil- 
lion for the engineering school has 
exceeded its target by $600,000, 
says the school's dean. "We set a challenging 
goal, and we reached it," says Earl H. Dowell. 
"Our success is a tribute to the faculty, stu- 
dents, alumni, and friends of the school." 

Dowell says the campaign's primary goal 
was to raise money for the $4.4-million Nello 
L. Teer Engineering Library building that 
was dedicated last year. The successful com- 
pletion of the campaign, however, will also 
allow the engineering school to undertake 
"moderate expansion" of its faculty, under- 
graduate programs, and selected graduate 

B. Jefferson Clark B.S.M.E. '78, A.M. '84, 
the school's director of external affairs, says 
the campaign was strongly supported by cor- 
porations and alumni. Forty percent of the 
school's graduates participated in the cam- 
paign last year, up from 15 percent in 1980. 
Alumni contributed more than $260,000 in 


1984. The campaign was conceived by the 
late dean of the engineering school, Aleksan- 
dar Vesic, who, says Clark, "got the ball roll- 
ing. It was his dream and vision." 

Although the engineeting school has met 
its $12 million goal, it will continue to raise 
endowment funds as part of Duke's Capital 
Campaign for the Arts and Sciences, Clark 
says. The school has raised $3.1 million so far 
toward its $8 million goal in that campaign, 
"and we have every reason to believe that the 
momentum will continue." 



fter five years as director of South- 
U^^ ern Methodist University's Bridwell 
Library in the Perkins School of 
Theology, Jerry Campbell M.Div. 71 has 
returned to Duke to become university librar- 
ian. He succeeds the retiring Elvin Strowd, 
who began his library career at Duke in 1955 , 
and was named university librarian in 1982. 
Campbell will also serve as vice provost for 
library affairs. 

A native of Texas, Campbell received his 
master's in library science from the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and 
his doctorate in American history from the 
University of Denver. He was director of the 
Ira J. Taylor Library and assistant professor in 
the Iliff School of Theology in Denver, 
Colorado. At SMU, he was also an associate 
professor at the Perkins School of Theology. 

Campbell has extensive experience in the 
preservation of library materials and the 

Campbell: building on a strong fou 

4/ ^ JV I 



U ** -?o> ■ 


^B ^V 

a \ i$ 

BL"" 6 V^f 



Pope: "For a woman even to decide to be a writer is a political decision" 

automation of library services. At SMU, he 
directed a campus-wide, eight-year program 
to develop an integrated, on-line library sys- 
tem. He is a member of the Council of Li- 
brary Directors. 

"I want the library to serve more fully the 
research needs of the university," he says of 
his priorities for the facility. "This is a water- 
shed period for the libraries of Duke Univer- 
sity. They have a strong foundation, but it is 
now possible for them to move into a future 
of excellence or to slide into mediocrity." 
Approximately $20 million from Duke's 
$200-million arts and sciences campaign is 
planned for library endowment. 

While Duke is considered to have one of 
the strongest library systems in the South- 
east, it also bears the reputation in the field 
as being "a little too conservative to keep 
that place," Campbell says. He hopes to 
change this image through aggressive acquisi- 
tions and management. 


solation is a durable theme in literature, 
j£| but a Duke English professor says it is 
_ particularly prevalent in writings by 
women. Deborah Pope is the author of A 
Separate Vision: Isolation in Contemporary 
Women's Poetry. Through it, she traces some 
ways that women's writing differs distinctly 
from men's. 

"One of the most basic distinctions that 
women have to grapple with is to write at all. 
For a woman even to decide to be a writer is 
a political decision in terms of power in 

society. Writing, speaking with authority, 
has historically been a male privilege," says 

"One reason I was interested in isolation 
was because it is such a dominant theme. In 
men's writing, you have the loner, the rebel, 
the wanderer, the outcast. But women poets 
seem to locate their isolation in a conscious- 
ness of gender. They see themselves isolated 
first because they are women. For men, when 
all else fails— career, children, parents, God, 
lover— being a man is all they can fall back 
on. Women can very seldom fall back on the 
fact that they have status simply in being 

In her book, Pope identifies four basic 
types of isolation in women's poetry. She 
calls the first victimization, "where a woman 
tells of being trapped, powerless, in a world 
of men." Personalization— such as a failed 
personal or family experience— also qualifies 
as a form of isolation. Pope finds the "split 
self to be prevalent in women's poetry, 
"where the individual notes the difference 
between her public and inner selves." 
Through validation, women make "positive 
use of isolation" to achieve "freedom and 
spiritual well-being." 

Pope has long been interested in contem- 
porary writing in general, and feminist criti- 
cism in particular. "To me, the most contro- 
versial, most current, most exciting work 
being done right now is wrestling with the 
issue of whether men and women write dif- 
ferently." She says women are starting to 
recognize and appreciate that their writing is 
distinctive. "When feminist criticism was 
first making big strides, it was inappropriate 
to speak of differences because so much ef- 
fort was given to showing women were just as 


good as men and in the same way as men. 

"Now the pendulum's swinging back. You 
don't find many feminist critics trying to 
prove women are the same as men. Now, 
there's more interest in looking at women 
writers themselves, not just what's different 
about them, but what influences there have 

Pope cites Emily Dickinson as an example. 
"She's usually studied in a context with the 
male writers of her time— Emerson, Whit- 
man, Thoreau. In doing that, she's always 
going to appear as an anomaly. But look at 
how Emily Dickinson was influenced by 
other women writers of her time. It took a 
hundred years for us to recognize it." 


Duke University Medical Center and 
the National Cancer Institute are 
testing a compound identified by 
scientists at Burroughs Wellcome that might 
combat the virus believed to cause Acquired 
Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). 

The experimental agent, known as com- 
pound S, was identified in June 1984 by Bur- 
roughs Wellcome scientists in the Research 
Triangle Park, and researchers at Duke and 
the National Cancer Institute began using it 
to treat patients last June. The U.S. Food and 
Drug Administration has authorized the use 
of compound S to treat eighteen people with 
AIDS or pre-AIDS illnesses. Half are being 
treated at Duke, the other half at the insti- 
tute in Bethesda, Maryland. 

Candidates for the Duke study are mostly 
local residents who have not received any 
other treatment for their disease. Dr. John 
Hamilton, associate professor in Duke's divi- 
sion of infectious diseases, says it's too soon 
to draw conclusions about the safety and 
effectiveness of the drug. "First we have to 
determine how much to give, how often, for 
how long, and whether there are any side- 

Approval for clinical use of compound S, 
also known as BW-A509U, moved unusually 
fast through the FDA, coming within six 
months of its discovery. The FDA also 
declared it an orphan drug— one used to treat 
fewer than 200,000 patients or having little 
promise of resulting in large financial profits— 
which means tax incentives can be applied 
to assist in the development of compound S. 

Hamilton says that strides in the treat- 
ment of infections caused by AIDS will not 
be made until more is known about treating 
the underlying immune defects, "but I would 
be really surprised if, within the 1980s, there 
wasn't very substantial progress in the treat- 
ment and prevention of AIDS. Everyone 

wants instant action, and I can sympathize 
with that, given all that's at stake. But it's 
only been four or five years since AIDS was 
recognized. Meanwhile, the interest directed 
at this disease is the most intense I've ever 

Other areas of investigation at Duke in- 
clude tests to determine the cause of AIDS. 
"The HTLV-III virus is by far the best candi- 
date," says Hamilton. "It appears to be at least 
necessary, but it is not necessarily the suffi- 
cient cause of AIDS. A second stimulus may 
be needed." 

Duke researchers are also working with the 
National Cancer Institute and private in- 
dustry to find an AIDS vaccine. According 
to Dr. Dani Bolognesi, deputy director of 
Duke's Comprehensive Cancer Center, he 
and his colleagues have inoculated Rhesus 
monkeys with a non-infectious form of the 
AIDS virus to see how well it protects the 
animals from the active virus. He says the 
monkeys are one of only a few types of 
animals that can be infected with the human 

Should the vaccine prove safe and effective 
in animals, Bolognesi says availability for 
humans would be "much faster than any 
vaccine developed in recent times." The 
major obstacle to a successful vaccine, he 
says, is whether it will work, given the ability 
of the AIDS virus to mutate in order to pro- 
tect itself from the body's immune system. 


Duke is creating an Institute of Statis- 
tics and Decision Sciences to co- 
ordinate teaching and research in 

According to Provost Phillip Griffiths, the 
institute will have a full-time director and as 
many as five faculty positions. Possibly to be 
housed in the Old Chemistry Building, it 
should be functioning during the coming 
academic year. A national search for the di- 
rector is under way. 

The institute will have three main re- 
sponsibilities: undergraduate teaching, sta- 
tistical consulting, and graduate instruc- 
tion. Decision sciences, as Griffiths de- 
scribes it, is "the application of statistical 
methods to help analyze problems and make 
decisions when there is great complexity or 
uncertainty." The field, he says, "draws on 
the concepts and methods of many other 
fields, such as economics, optimization 
theory, game theory, and computer science." 

According to a faculty study group that 
endorsed the institute concept, the univer- 
sity "has a realistic opportunity to put in 
place a unit of real prominence in an emerg- 
ing area of scholarship." 


ince classes began this semester, 
Duke students have been traveling 
light— carrying one card that re- 
places the student identification, semester 
enrollment, and Duke meal cards. It's the 
Duke Card, billed by the office of auxiliary 
services as "the one card that does more than 
all the others, combined." 

The can-do card identifies current stu- 
dents for access to university events such as 
football games and films. It also enables stu- 
dents to "charge" food in any of the eighteen 
campus dining facilities, and to check books 
out of the library. 

With its Flexible Spending Account fea- 
ture, the card can also be used to buy non- 
food items like books, pencils, sportswear, 
shampoo, and even computers in the Duke 
Stores, says Mike Gower, director of finance 
for auxiliary services. He adds that during 
voting in student elections, the system also 
provides an efficient method of assuring that 
each student votes only once. 

Gower and a committee of other university 
administrators worked to develop an auto- 
mated card system that would be more con- 
venient than the previous food assessment 
program. But when the group started doing 
research last January, it became obvious that 
there was more potential than just a meal 
plan in the card program. 

The cards have a magnetic strip on the 
back that is "read" by a computer when pur- 
chases are made, and the amount is deducted 
from a prepaid account. On the card front, 
the student's photograph, name, signature, 
and student number serve as identification 
for university functions and services. If lost, 
the card can be quickly deactivated and 

A firm that deals in security access has 
installed fifty readers in thirty locations 
around the campus. Gower says the system 
could be expanded to include university 
employees, and to include dorm and gate 
access and entry to other restricted areas. 


Continued from page 39 

velopment, recreation-seekers will increase 
in numbers, Edeburn expects, posing threats 
to the security of research projects and the 
increasing likelihood of outright vandalism. 

While a few tracts have been sold for de- 
velopment, the Duke Forest has been basic- 
ally immune from encroachment. "That's 
not to say there hasn't been pressure," says 
Edeburn. "At times when the university has 
felt a financial crunch, or the forestry school 
has felt a financial crunch, there have been 
thoughts of selling portions to generate some 
revenue. But good judgment somehow pre- 
vailed. Once it's lost, it's lost forever. We 
really can't replace the forest. We can't afford 
to buy land in blocks of this size, and even if 
we could, we'd be basically starting at Square 
One in terms of the history and management 
of the land." 

Even if it is confined to the periphery, 
development does put pressure on the forest. 
Walking beside the New Hope Creek, Ede- 
burn notes that construction of nearby Inter- 
state 40 has had a discoloring impact. After 
heavy rains, runoff from the construction 
regularly spills into the once-pristine creek. 
"The water was normally crystal-clear. Pro- 
gress has turned it gray." 

It's not the thought of losing the forest to 
development as much as the potential for 
forced changes in management practices 
that worries Edeburn. He sees a danger that, 

in a sense, the forest might become more a 
community symbol than an educational 
resource. "If every time we cut a tree there 
were an extreme public outcry, if all of a 
sudden we couldn't burn in certain areas, we 
would lose the ability to maintain the diver- 
sity that we need." Accusations about starv- 
ing squirrels notwithstanding, he says there's 
no sense yet of being out on a limb. "So far we 
have had questions, but we haven't really had 
complaints." ■ 

Continued from page 16 

102 ,000 employees and a $28 billion budget. 

Top of the heap. Cream of the crop. One of 
Time magazine's 200 Young Leaders in 
America in 1974. Salisbury, North Caro- 
lina's Newsmaker of the Year and one of five 
Distinguished Women of North Carolina 
last year. Most recent recipient of Duke's Dis- 
tinguished Alumni Award, keeping com- 
pany with previous winners Juanita Kreps 
A.M '44, Ph.D. '48, secretary of commerce 
during the Carter administration, and Pulitz- 
er Prize-winning author William Styron '47 . 
Duke trustee, national alumni co-chair of 
Duke's $200 million Capital Campaign for 
the Arts and Sciences. The only woman in 
government to receive the Distinguished 
Public Service Award, an honor bestowed on 
her by the Center for the Study of the Pres- 
idency for her work as Reagan's special assis- 
tant for public liaison. Elizabeth Hanford 
Dole, inveterate leader, makes for some 
powerful copy. 

"She's perceived as a major political star," 
observes Charlie Rose '64, J.D. '68, host of 
the Washington-based CBS News Night- 
watch. "She has unlimited possibilities, not 
because she's a member of the president's 
cabinet, a woman, or part of the team of Dole 

and Dole. She has her own presence, she has 
brains, she's articulate and she's hard-work- 
ing. A measure of her political stardom is to 
see how she turns on Republican audiences. 
There is no one in this political community 
I know of that doesn't consider her on the 
short list for '88. And I think we're talking 
about vice president." 

Dole has been a Nightwatch guest on sever- 
al occasions, and Rose considers her an ex- 
cellent interview subject. "She's gracious but 
forthright, candid except when she can't be. 
And she's definitely a force to be reckoned 
with in Republican politics." 

Washington insiders say Dole knows her 
stuff, and leaves nothing to chance when 
faced with the media. She's a tough inter- 
view, says Judy Woodruff '68, chief Washing- 
ton correspondent for public television's 
MacNeil-Lehrer Newshour. "She does her 
homework, comes well prepared, and is deter- 
mined to make her point. I find interviewing 
her a challenge." As Woodruff points out, 
not all public officials are blessed with the 
ability to emerge from an interview having 
said what they'd planned to say, and nothing 
else. "She's very good at not getting diverted," 
Woodruff says. "I commend her on that 

And as for the media's focus on the power 

couple, Woodruff says she's not surprised. 
"It's only natural to have that focus when 
one's a member of the cabinet and the other 
holds a prominent position in the Senate, 
has been a candidate for national office and 
may be again." As for Secretary Dole's aspira- 
tions in that direction, Woodruff doesn't 
know, and says it's too early to speculate. But 
people will. It's human nature. 

It's a part of her nature, says Dole, to seek 
leadership roles. She has a natural inclina- 
tion to pursue the areas where she can make 
the biggest impact. Her style of leadership at 
the transportation department? "Activist, 
very much so," she says. "Activism has been 
my style, rather than sitting back and doing 
a number of grand studies over a period of 
years. Here we have two kinds of opportuni- 
ties, issues that involve deregulation- 
getting the government out of the railroad 
business, out of the business of running air- 
ports—and people-oriented issues such as 

Prominent among the non-safety issues 
these days are her efforts to sell the federally- 
owned Conrail (Consolidated Rail Corpora- 
tion), which was established by the U.S. 
government in 1973 to take over six bank- 
rupt railroads in the Northeast. While the 
system, which handles both freight and 
commuter traffic in the Northeast, Midwest, 
and Canada, has recovered somewhat after a 
shaky financial start, its return to the private 
sector is part of the Dole agenda to get the 
government out of the railroad business. 

Although the transportation department 
does not have the final word on the Amtrak 
issue, Dole supports ending federal subsidies 
for the financially ailing railroad— subsidies 
that totaled $684 million in 1985. At a 
recent press conference, Dole was asked why 
Washington's Union Station is being tar- 
geted for DOT redevelopment funds if, in all 
likelihood, there would be no trains after 
federal Amtrak subsidies are stopped. "I 
wouldn't jump to that conclusion too fast," 
Dole said. "Our own recommendation of no 
subsidies doesn't mean all service is going to 
be stopped. There are a number of ways 
Amtrak service could be retained. There 
might be considerable interest at the local 
and state levels to pick up the service." The 
1986 budget, however, is likely to reflect con- 
tinued federal support of Amtrak: A House 
appropriations bill calls for a $608-million 
subsidy, although the final figure is subject to 
full congressional approval. 

"I like to select five or six things where we 
can really make the most impact, then go 
after them," says Dole. "We're very much 
action-oriented in terms of trying to move an 
agenda forward and get on to the next. We 
have taken a number of tough issues and 
worked our way through them. I think we're 
going to be able to make a real contribution. 
For example, we've gotten states moving now 

to pass seat belt laws." 

The current regulation, which represents 
fifteen years of debate and decision-making 
on so-called Rule 208, means a gradual phas- 
ing in of passive restraints— air bags or auto- 
matic seat belts that encompass the occu- 
pant as the door is closed— on all new cars 
sold in the United States beginning Septem- 
ber 1, 1986. Within four years, all new cars 
will have passive restraints unless two-thirds 
of the population is covered by mandatory 
seat belt use laws. 

The transporation department has yet to 
determine whether or not the seat belt laws 
being passed meet its criteria for inclusion in 
the two-thirds stipulation; but as of August, 
fourteen states had passed such laws, and an- 
other five have bills pending. And no one at 
the transportation department wants to carp 
on sticky compliance issues now, while states 
are in a period of apparent cooperation with 
the spirit of the regulation. There could be 
problems down the road, however, when the 
department starts to take a closer look at the 
states' seat belt laws. 

Take the decade-old 55 mile per hour 
federal speed limit law, for example. The 
states adopted the ruling agreeably enough, 
but at least three could be on a collision 
course with Secretary Dole for failure to suf- 
ficiently enforce the limit. The federal gov- 
ernment may find states in violation of the 
speed limit law if more than 50 percent of 
the traffic on highways with the posted limit 
exceeds it. Arizona, Vermont, and Maryland 
are under federal scrutiny now and could lose 
up to 10 percent of their federal highway 
funds. But a number of other states could 
end up in the same spot. The National High- 
way Traffic Safety Administration reports 
that highway speeds nationally are creeping 
up. An average of 42 percent of vehicles 
monitored nationwide exceeded the 55 limit, 
up from 39.8 percent in 1983. 

"This is the first time in the fifteen-year 
history of Rule 208 that lives are actually 
being saved," says Dole. "New York has just 
completed its statistics and found that in the 
first three months of the seat belt law, it trans- 
lated into sixty-five lives saved. So I think 
there's no question that [the seat belt regula- 
tion] is moving along well and doing exactly 
what we'd hoped it would." 

The states are also doing what Dole hoped 
they would regarding the legal drinking age. 
By October 1, 1986, any state that has not 
raised the legal drinking age to 21 will lose 5 
percent of its federal highway funds. That 
can mean anywhere from $8 million to $99 
million the first year, says one of Dole's aides. 
The percentage doubles the following year, 
although compliance will restore all with- 
held funds. 

Some states have balked at the law, view- 
ing it as federal intrusion on states' rights. 
According to Dole, who calls herself a strong 

Now Elizabeth Dole 

seems suddenly cast as 

the reluctant star in a 

power play, part of 

"Americas power couple.* 

The script is sold on 
every corner newsstand. 

states' righter, federal involvement in the 
legal drinking age issue was supported by 
President Reagan because a given state hav- 
ing a lower drinking age than its neighbor 
creates an incentive for young people to cross 
state lines, drink, and drive back under the 
influence. "He said there was no way to 
handle that problem except to provide feder- 
al leadership," says Dole. "It's still up to the 
states to make the decision, but there's no 
question. They do lose highway money until 
they pass the law, and then they get it back." 

Thirty-seven states have passed the 21 
drinking age law, and bills are pending in 
Washington, D.C., and Wisconsin. "There's 
a great emphasis on drunk driving and auto- 
mobile safety now," says Dole. "It's a climate 
that, hopefully, we've helped to create, but 
the private sector organizations still have 
done it. They've been tremendous." Trans- 
portation department staffers get a special 
dose of the climate they've created when 
they arrive for work each morning. Bright 
yellow seat belts are painted diagonally 
across the elevator doors. 

The public is also paying a lot more atten- 
tion to airline safety, particularly since the 
terrorist hij acking in June of a TWA plane in 
Athens, Greece. The transportation depart- 
ment has approved accelerated spending on 
research for the development of systems to 
halt terrorism. Approximately $4 million 
would be diverted from other Federal Avia- 
tion Administration projects to fund research 
in such areas as perfecting a system for the 
detection of nitrogen— a component of all 
known explosives— in checked baggage. 
Other explosive detection systems would be 
developed to screen passengers, since the 
nitrogen detection system passes neutrons 
through baggage and is unsafe for use on 
humans. According to the FAA, practical 
versions of these devices could be in produc- 
tion by 1988. 

In the midst of substantial debate on the 
merits of the air marshal program, Dole says 
the program will be increased. "On the 
ground, our focus is to ensure that people 

who have terrorist activities in mind never 
get close to that airplane in the first place," 
says Dole. "So a major thrust is ground secur- 
ity." Armed air marshals will work both on 
the ground and on selected flights. Security 
coordinators will oversee all facets of ground 
operation, from aircraft fueling to food supply. 

The cost to consumers? "There will be 
security coordinators on all foreign and 
domestic flights," says Dole. "They will be 
airline employees and that means more train- 
ing, which ultimately will translate into 
more cost, via the airline ticket." And inter- 
national travelers should get to the airport 
early, because, as Dole says, "curbside check- 
in for international flights is finished." 

At age 48, Elizabeth Dole is the younger 
half of the "power couple"; her husband is 62 . 
She's also the more disciplined of the two, al- 
though she'll quickly point out that he's no 
slouch in that department. "I think he feels 
that in terms of discipline, I'm the one who 
maps out the time when preparing for an 
issue. He's a little more casual on that side of 
it. He's certainly a person who's careful in 
what he does, but I tend to bring work home 
and he tends to leave it at the office." 

Among the tradeoffs that are bound to 
occur after ten years of marriage: He's picked 
up on her dutiful traits, she on his humor. 
"Luckily, I'm married to a man who has a 
wonderful sense of humor. And I think both 
of us feel that with all the pressures that come 
with the territory, one has to have a sense of 
humor to keep it all in perspective." A prime 
example: Said Senator Dole during Secretary 
Dole's confirmation hearing, "I feel a little 
bit like Nathan Hale: I regret that I have but 
one wife to give to my country." 

A little levity makes all things palatable, 
especially when questions of the dual Dole 
ticket in '88 come up, as they inevitably do. 
While she regularly squelches persistent 
rumors that one or the other— or both— will 
seek the presidential or vice presidential of- 
fice in '88, Dole is most adept with the quick 
comeback, even if it's not her own. "Bob 
jokingly said that at least that would save 
some funds," she told her hometown news- 
paper, referring to the federal deficit. "With a 
Dole-Dole administration, you could close 
down one of the houses." 

She brandished her own material, how- 
ever, at a Washington gathering just before 
President Reagan's re-election drive, proving 
that in addition to her strong record of lead- 
ership, she also has a powerful sense of tim- 
ing. The setting: a meeting of the Washing- 
ton Gridiron Club, an annual white-tie affair 
organized by the elite of the Washington 
press corps and attended by the president, 
members of his Cabinet, and the Supreme 
Court. Senator Dole turned to Reagan and 
assured him that "Dole will never run for 
president." Seizing a split-second pause, 
Secretary Dole said, "Speak for yourself." ■ 


I Am One off You Forever 

B} Fred Chappell '61, A.M. '64. Baton Rouge; 
Louisiana State University Press, 1985. 184 pp. 

Every thoughtful book," Fred 
Chappell once wrote in 
these pages, "creates its 
own individual genre." His 
own new book— thoughtful 
and heartfelt— certainly 
does. It's described as "a 
novel," and it does in fact 
exhibit the characteristics of that form. But I 
Am One of You Forever also embodies the 
vividness of good poetry, the concentration 
of classic short stories, the warmth and 
humor of a memoir, the alert descriptive ease 
of an essay. It is exuberantly comic, pastoral, 
and lyric while maintaining the sober sub- 
text of the tragic dimension of life. In short, 
this short book is a remarkable convergence, 
distillation, and transformation of tradition. 
It is indeed "its own individual genre." 

I Am One of You Forever is the prose com- 
panion to Chappell's Midquest: A Poem 
(LSU Press, 1981), almost exactly the same 
length and similarly symmetrical in struc- 
ture. This earlier "verse novel," written from 
the reflective perspective of middle age, 
treats— in a virtuoso range of poetic form- 
some of the same raw material given fic- 
tional form in the novel: that is, the western 
North Carolina mountains of Chappell's 
upbringing, his distinctive family and com- 
munity. I Am One of You Forever is set on a 
"scratchankle mountain farm" during World 
War II, outside the town of Tipton— a place 
resembling Chappell's native Canton, with 
its dominant Champion paper mill, de- 
scribed in the novel as "the Challenger Paper 
and Fiber Corporation, smoking eternally, 
smudging the Carolina mountain landscape 
for miles:" But this is no hard-times novel, 
no tale of exploitation or ruin. Instead, it is 
the good-natured story of the coming-of-age 
of a "tight high-spirited company": the narra- 
tor, a young boy named Jess; his 30-year-old 
father; and an 18-year-old orphan named 
Johnson Gibbs who comes to live and work 
on their farm. 

Wait: a boy's father coming of age with his 
sonl Well, yes: That's the source of much of 
the novel's unique charm and emotional 
rapport. "You got a good heart, Joe Robert," 
the grandmother addresses her son, "no- 
body's got a better. But you ain't come to seri- 
ous manhood yet. You ain't ready for any 
meeting with your Lord. You are too flibberty 

and not contrite." The father's chief weak- 
ness is his mischievousness, his relish for out- 
landish pranks— conspiracies which his son 
and Johnson Gibbs readily assist. Almost 
every one of the ten chapters features such a 
"rusty," as mountain folks call a good caper, 
some of them quite elaborate. 

But coming of age involves more than 
simply playing tricks. There must be some 
pain, some lessons learned. And that's where 
Johnson Gibbs comes in. Gibbs is intro- 
duced as a comic character, one who can talk 
his way into pitching a ballgame though he's 
never played before, one who boasts of his 
fishing prowess though he's never cast in his 
life and nearly kills himself when he does. 
But that very first chapter plants the book's 
dark seed: Johnson secretly enlists in the 
Army, an action which comes to teach Jess 
and his flibberty father hard truths about the 
nature of "the unimaginable world beyond 
the mountains": 

I had learned now from hearing my 
parents and Johnson talk that Johnson 
was not really going to kill Hitler and end 
the war, that nothing was that simple, that 
the terror-striking cloud which darkened 
our mountains would dissipate only by 
force of natural time and process, and 
that Johnson was but a smallest part of 
this stormy process, a fragile walnut leaf 
blown about in an eruption of gale. 

That passage hints at two other glories of I 
Am One of You Forever. One is Chappell's gift 
for transfiguration, his ability to take an 
ordinary but charged fact— a mother's tear, a 
violent storm, a portentous telegram— and 
swell it into a visionary passage, beyond the 
bounds of conventional novelistic space and 
time, but all the more emotionally true for its 
distortion. The other is his gift for figuration, 
as it might be called, the poet's ability to 
transform his material into memorable simile 
or metaphor. The novel positively glows with 
such moments of focus: "My grandmother 
drew deference from a person as handily as a 
crowbar draws nails from a post." "Her terra- 
cotta hair was wild and frazzly, and two blue 
silk bows perched in it like butterflies on a 
tile roof." 

But— as is only proper for a novel— what 
most readers will probably remember are the 
characters, Jess and his spirited dad and 
Johnson Gibbs, and especially the family's 
curious houseguests. "We often hosted wan- 

dering aunts and uncles," Jess says, "all on my 
mother's side, and they intrigued my father 
endlessly and he was always glad when one of 
them showed up to break the monotony of a 
mountain farm life." That's the novel's casual 
plot, a kind of inverse bildungsroman: Experi- 
ences literally come to Jess, rather than Jess 
encountering them on the road. 

What readers may not so quickly realize is 
that during the diverting course of this novel, 
Jess had aged, matured, grown up, survived 
his rites of passage to write these passages 
some twenty years later, "this story of long 
ago time." He has become, in the novel's 
inclusive title, "one of us forever." Not that 
Jess has all the answers: 

When I was as old as Ember Mountain 
they would still be keeping the important 
things from me. When 1 was 99 years old 
and sitting on the porch in a rocking chair 
combing my long white beard, some tow- 
head youngun would come up and ask, 
What's it mean, grampaw, what is the 
world about?' And 1 would lean over and 
dribble tobacco spit into a rusty tin can 
and say, 7 don't know, little boy. The sons 
of bitches never would tell me.' 

The mystery remains. But so do the partic- 
ular pleasures of life, the savory details, 
which is at least part of what the world is 
about, and which Chappell honors so richly 
in his writing— a boat crossing water, a bene- 
dictory song, an instant of rest: "We sat in 
the shade of a big oak and watched the wind 
write long cursive sentences in the field of 
whitening oats." 

I was somewhat surprised when Fred 
Chappell won Yale University's prestigious 
Bollingen Prize this year. Not because he 
didn't deserve it— such quality of work clearly 
deserves the Bollingen and the Pulitzer and 
whatever other laurel we can heap on his 
capacious head— but because of the source of 
the award. At last the reputation-makers 
have realized what we in North Carolina 
have known all along: that for pure passion 
and intellect, for unswerving depth of heart 
and breadth of expression, for genuine enter- 
tainment and edification, you simply can't 
do any better than our ole Fred. 

— Michael McFee 

McFee grew up in the mountains near Asheville, with 
several aunts in Canton. He is book editor for 
Spectator magazine in Raleigh and a member of the 
National Book Critics Circle. 


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represented by this symbol. 

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Egypt and the Nile 
January 18-28, 1986 

Cruise the historic River Nile in luxury for 
five days and explore ancient Egypt's temples, 
tombs, and colossal statues in Aswan, Luxor, 
and Karnak. View King Tilt's treasures in 
Cairo's Museum of Antiquities. Approxi- 
mately $2,550 from New York. 

ISRAEL, January 27-February 4: option- 
al extension includes visits to the holy places 
of three major faiths and to major archae- 
ological sites such as Masada and Megiddo. 
Approximately $1,000. 

The Virgin Islands 
February 23-March 2, 1986 

Fly directly to St. Thomas to cruise the 
Virgin Islands aboard the luxury yacht, New- 
port Clipper. Ports of call: Charlotte Amalie, 
St. Thomas; Road Town, Tortola; The Bight, 
Norman Island; Leverick Bay, Virgin Gorda; 
Great Harbor, Jost Van Dyke; Cruz Bay, St. 
John. All cabins outside. Approximately 
$1,800, airfare included. 

Passage of the Moors 
April 18-May 2, 1986 

Fly to Casablanca, Morocco, and transfer by 
motorcoach to Rabat for a three-night stay. 
Travel by train to Tangier for a two-night stay; 
shop and browse the famous Kasbah. From 
Morocco, board a ferry for sailing through the 
Strait of Gibraltar to Spain: three nights in 
Seville; two nights in Granada; three nights 
in Madrid. Approximately $2,575 from 

A Viking Adventure 
June 8-21, 1986 

Sail from Scandanavia to Russia and north- 
ern Europe aboard the deluxe cruise ship, 
Royal Viking Sea. Starting in Copenhagen, 
visit the fascinating cities of Stockholm and 
Helsinki. View the art treasures of the Her- 
mitage in Leningrad. Experience a daylight 
transit of the Kiel Canal through lush farm- 
lands en route to Hamburg and Amsterdam 
before returning to Copenhagen. Outside 
staterooms start at $2,834. 

Cotes du Rhone Passage 
June 30-July 13, 1986 

Fly to Paris for a three-day stay. Take the 
"supertrain" to Lyon 
to board M/S Arlena 
for a seven-day, six- 
night Rhone River 
cruise with stops in 
Trevoux, Vienne, 
Valence, Viviers, and 
Avignon. Coach to 
the Riviera for a 
three-night stay in 
Cannes. Approxi- 
mately $2,895 from 

Costa Rica 
August 8-16, 1986 

Discover the culture, history, and natural 
beauty of exotic Costa Rica, culminating in 
an exciting white-water adventure. Spend a 
day in San Juan followed by a visit to the 
Cloud Forest of Monteverde. See Manuel 
Antonio National Park, swim in the Pacific 
Ocean, and explore the teeming coral reef. 
Approximately $1,395 from Miami. 

The Seas of Ulysses 
September 23-October 6, 1986 

Fly to Venice and board Royal Cruise Line's 
elegant Golden Odyssey. Spend two nights 
in Venice aboard ship, then sail to these fas- 
cinating ports-of-call: Dubrovnik, Kotor 
Fjord, the Greek isles of Corfu and Mykonos, 
ancient Ephesus and Istanbul in Turkey, 
Russia's Odessa and Yalta. Disembark in 
Athens. Staterooms begin at $3,213, airfare 
from Atlanta 
included. <*^riHfc»iEl Y : 

Fabled Rhineland Cruise 
October 6-14, 1986 

Explore the castles and historic villages of 
the Netherlands, Germany, and France on a 
leisurely cruise of the Rhine River during the 
season of wine harvest festivals. Approxi- 
mately $1,495, airfare from Atlanta included. 

DRIVE, DURHAM, N.C. 27706, (919) 684-5114. 














The Scotsman, the parson and 
the bear. If the Earl of Kintore has 
told it once, he's told it a hundred . 
times. And for the past forty a 
years, Alistair Lilburn 
has always laughed. 
It's what makes true > 
friendship work. \ 

The good things 
in life stay that way. 




Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive 

Durham, North Carolina 27706 

address correction requested 

Non-Profit Org. 
U.S. Postage 

Durham, N.C. 
Permit No. 60 

Periodicals Room 
105 Perkins Library 
Durham, NC 27706 

Elizabeth Hanford Dole: power steering (page 14) 








& COLO! 

North Carolina 2710^ 
ial: 1-800-334-1988 

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Gifts to the Duke Chapel Development Campaign 
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of the Chapel. Approximately $1.4 million in contributions 
and firm pledges has been received towards the $2 million 

One of the major accomplishments of the Duke Chapel 
Development Campaign has been the installation of a year- 
round humidification and air-conditioning system. Also, 
twelve endowments have been established to help with the 
Chapel's ministry and programs, the Chapel music, 
and improvements to the building itself. 

Several major needs of the Chapel remain to be met: 

1 . Improvement of the Sound System 

2. Restoration of the Aeolian Organ 

3 . Restoration of the Carillon 

4- Endowment for Guest Preachers 
Gifts may be mailed to Duke Chapel Development 
Campaign, Duke Chapel, Duke University, Durham, North 
Carolina 27706. Any inquiries about the Chapel Campaign 
may be sent to the same address. 

□ Please send information on the Friends of the Chapel 
□ Please send the Chapel's Calendar of Events for the 
50th Anniversary Celebration 

Duke University 

Alumni Association 

proudly presents 

A Fabulous, Romantic 14-day Air/Sea Cruise 

September 23, 1986 


Aboard Royal Cruise Line's Elegant Golden Odyssey 

Romance awaits you on this cruise to the ports and seas of 
ancient myths. You'll spend two nights in unforgettable Venice 
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can shop to your heart's content for handmade pottery and 
sweaters along narrow winding streets. Call at Nauplion for a 
fabulous tour to Mycenae, home of King Agamemnon. You'll 
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your final stops before awe-inspiring Athens. 

Sail Away on an Odyssey 

You'll sail on the superb Golden Odyssey, one of the world's 
top-rated cruise ships, famed for her extraordinary cuisine and 
service, warm and friendly atmosphere, and the absolutely 
lowest air/sea fares in all of luxury cruising . You'll savor Old 
World comfort and modern luxury, and the uniquely personal 
style of shipboard living that is our own hallmark, a style that 
we call The Mark of the Crown. Sail Away on an Odyssey and 
let Royal Cruise Line bring you the world, with The Mark 
of the Crown. 

Special Duke University Alumni Association 

While on board the Golden Odyssey, you'll enjoy a $125 
per stateroom credit toward shipboard purchases, a "Get 

Ship's registry: Greece 

Acquainted" Bloody Mary party, souvenir name badges and a 
complimentary group photo (per couple), two bottles of wine 
per stateroom and an exclusive Duke University Alumni 
Association reception. 

Priced from $3213 

This fabulous air/sea cruise begins at just $3213 per person 
double occupancy, including roundtrip air transportation from 
Atlanta and all meals and accommodations aboard ship. Don't 
delay! Send for a full-color brochure today! 

& Royal Cruise Line 

,.__ — — — _ — _____^ 

I I YCS! Rush me your color brochure! 

Return to: Duke University Alumni Association 
614 Chapel Drive 
Durham, NC 27706 
Phone: (919)684-5114 
Or Call Toll Free: 1-800-FOR-DUKE 

DITOR: Robert J. Bliwise 




jsan Bloch 


iary Poling 


it Zollicoffer '58 


inely '86 


inderburk Jr. '60 

ances Adams Blaylock '53, 
esident; Anthony Bosworth 
8, president-elect; 
I Laney Funderburk Jr. '60, 

, Wannamaker Hardin Jr. '62, 
I.Div. '67, Divinity School; 
.S.M.E. '76, School o/ 
ngineering; Daniel R. 
ichards M.B.A. '80, Fuqua 
ihool of Business; Edward R. 
rayton III M.F. '61, School of 
rreslry & Environmental 
udies; James W. Albright 
l.H.A. '76, Department of 
ealth Administration; William 
. Sumner J.D. '70, School of 
iff; F. Maxton Mauney Jr. 
I.D. '59, School of Medicine; 
my Torlone Harris B.S.N.'81, 
:hool of Nursing; Paul L. 
nbrogno '80 M.S., Graduate 
rogram in Physical Therapy; 
atherineV. HalpemB.H.S. 
7, Physicians' Assistant 
rogram; Marcus E. Hobbs '32, 
,.M. '34, Ph.D. '36, Half- 
entury Club. 

ulirman; Jerrold K. Footlick; 
lartman '44; Elizabeth H. 
xke '64, Ph.D. '72; Thomas 
Loseejr. '63; Peter Maas '49; 
ichard Austin Smith '35; 

) 1985, Duke University 
ublished bimonthly; volun- 
iry subscriptions $10 per year 



Cover: The Septembet 28 i 
augural procession, with Univt 
sity Marshal Pelham Wilder ar 
President Brodie in the lea 
Photo rry Caroline Vaughan 71 



As Duke's seventh president, H. Keith H. Brodie brings to the office the skills of a psychiatrist, 
researcher, and administrator 


Excerpts from an inaugural address that touched on internationalism in education, "the things 
of the human spirit," and the ties between business and academe 


The presidential routine— planning programs, crafting codes of honor, structuring seminars, 
and more 


The Brodies represent a new generation of leadership at Duke— young, energetic, direct, and 
very family-centered 


Last summer, a dig directed by a team of Duke archaeologists led to a baffling discovery under 
an ancient city 


Once publisher of a major newspaper, now president of the Major Indoor Soccer League, 
Frank Dale has turned a habit of job changes into a string of successful careers 


Despite the well-publicized scandals, no one in the NCAA is talking about serious academic 
reform, says sports-law expert John Weistart 



Debating medical miracles, celebrating modern dance 



A battle against Alzheimer's disease, a taste of Morocco, a look into Afghanistan, a verdict 
on creeping kudzu 








As Duke's seventh president, H. Keith H. Brodie brings 

to the office the skills of a psychiatrist, researcher, and 



or its owner it's become an office 
fixture and a trademark— the three- 
foot wooden rabbit, that is. The 
"listening rabbit," wearing an atten- 
tive expression, sits by a window with its 
right paw raised to its ear. Last July the rab- 
bit—along with Brodie— made a small terri- 
torial change, but an otherwise large leap, 
from the chancellor's office to the president's 
office at Duke. 

Brodie is a psychiatrist-turned-administra- 
tor—a professional listener. And in musing 
about the skills involved in his two callings, 
he is quick to point to some common ground. 
"In psychiatry, you collect a good deal of 
data. You go after blood samples and X-rays 
and physical exams; you're taught to take a 
mood history, a mental status, and a family 
background of the patient. And I think all 
that overlaps with administrative problems. 
I think the ability to make a historical analy- 
sis of how in the world we got the problem in 
the first place, and to understand the per- 
sonalities of those involved in the problem, 
is useful. Sometimes leaders get catapulted 
into these executive positions by virtue of a 
lot of action and not a tremendous amount 
of homework or information collection. And 

it's my style to do a great deal of these things— 
thus the rabbit." 

To make a decision stick requires "building 
a level of awareness, a constituency, a con- 
sensus, and an opportunity then to get every- 
one behind the thing before it's set in con- 
crete," says Brodie. That process of consensus- 
building is "something I like," he adds, "and 
something that exercises my psychiatry 
skills." It's also something that may help 
define the Brodie presidency: Leadership, as 
he sees it, is effective persuasion— and effec- 
tive listening. 

At the age of 45, Harlow Keith Hammond 
Brodie is Duke's seventh president. From the 
beginning, his Duke experience has been a 
blend of psychiatry and administration: 
After embarking on his academic career at 
Stanford, he joined Duke in 1974 as chair- 
man of the psychiatry department and chief 
of psychiatry service. In the summer of 1982 , 
Brodie— by then, a James B. Duke Professor 
of Psychiatry and Law— was tapped by Presi- 
dent Terry Sanford to be university chancel- 
lor. For one year of his chancellorship, he 
also took on the assignment of acting pro- 
vost. Brodie has said that he never actively 
sought the Duke presidency; yet when he 

President Brodie's September 28 inaugural ad- 
dress stressed three themes— the relationship be- 
tween academe and business, the internationalism 
of Duke, and the need to promote creative ex- 
pression. Excerpts follow. 

We must work hard to engender mutual 
respect between corporate America and our 
academic institutions.. ..In the 1960s and 
70s, some universities tended to foster the 
notion that there was something necessarily 
crass in a business career. Now we have 
reached a time when we have become a 
debtor nation, when we are told that Ameri- 
ca's debt to foreign nations will reach one 
trillion dollars in 1990, a time when foreign 
apparel is flooding our marketplace, and our 
balance of trade even in microelectronics is 

With all these indicators... the American 
free enterprise system needs its universities. 
American business needs the knowledge we 
can generate and the young people we are 
preparing. And we need the fruits of healthy 
commerce. History teaches us that times of 
economic success are associated with an age 
of creativity in the arts and sciences. It was 
no coincidence that the great artists of the 
Renaissance frequently painted the portraits 
of a prosperous merchant class, or that 
Shakespeare wrote thirty-seven of the greatest 
plays in the English language, for a paying 
audience. The rise of the novel in the nine- 
teenth century was a direct result of the In- 
dustrial Revolution, which produced a class 
of people who had the leisure and the money 
to learn to read and to buy books.... 

Society's interests are rightly served by 
business, just as they are served by education, 
by government, by science, by technology, by 
literature and music and art. It is important 
to America that this university produce 
leaders in all these realms.... The generation 
of capital is a proper end if it benefits society 
at large; and it is a proper means to an end, if 
it enables the individual to do charitable 
works, to support the church, to contribute 
to the arts, and to sustain those who are less 
fortunate throughout the world. 

Surely, commitment to a free enterprise 
system, to a passion for excellence and hard 
work, to upward mobility through educa- 
tion, to the promise of America— hallmarks 
of corporate values today— surely these are 
worthy characteristics.... 

But these are not the only values Duke 
University seeks to transmit. We shall not 
produce narrowly educated, vocationally 
trained graduates, but we shall send forth 
men and women who are broadly educated 
in the arts and sciences. For commerce needs 

people who have the proper humane values, 
who see profit in perspective, who know that 
cost-benefit analysis will not solve the in- 
creasing ethical dilemmas of high technol- 
ogy and world trade. American business will 
not prosper by taking the short view, either 
in research and development or in people. 
The university is a place where new knowl- 
edge is developed and where people are 
developed as well— people who can think 
through the implications for the future, be- 
cause they have gained the perspective 
which only a 
strong liberal arts 
background can 
give them, a his- 
torical perspec- 
tive, an ethical 
I can offer you no better example of the 
world-wide complexities that have increased 
the need of American business for broadly 
educated leaders than the tragic situation in 
South Africa. There, corporations face daily 
an agonizing moral dilemma: Should they 
continue economic participation in a soci- 
ety that denies basic human rights to the 
majority of its people? Should, for example, 
McGraw-Hill book company withdraw from 
South Africa, taking with it the money and 
influence that helped to establish the only 
bookstore in the all-black South African city 
of Soweto, within walking distance of many 
of Soweto's youngsters who need books and 
school supplies? Should Borden Milk with- 
draw, thus diminishing by one-third the supply 
of milk in South Africa, milk necessary to 
the diets of rural black children from the age 
of eighteen months to five years? These are 
dramatic examples, I admit, but I offer them 
because it is tempting, in such situations, to 

view the issues as clear-cut when they are 
not. When is a principle more important 
than individual human lives? When is a 
principle best served in terms of individual 

Today, we redefine the boundaries of Duke's 
immediate concerns. The world has grown 
close, and increasingly dangerous. Chaotic 
conditions around the globe are no longer 
distant. We are in desperate need of responsi- 
ble citizens for the world, and I believe that 
Duke University is uniquely positioned to 
meet that need. 

There are many here who share this dream 
of Duke as an international university. It is 
not a recent hope, nor is it one that comes to 
us from strangers. It is a vision that has grown 
naturally with the people who built Duke 
University. This institution was blessed in 
the 1920s and '30s with brilliant and vigor- 
ous young scholars who brought Duke their 
international interests, and found here a 
place that welcomed and cherished them .... 
There was a climate on the Duke campus in 
the 1930s which looked toward our respon- 
sibility to the world , at a time when America 
)} was officially and 
S popularly committed to 
isolationism.... During 
this period, Duke proved 
to be extraordinarily re- 
ceptive to world citizens 
who emigrated from 
Europe to escape the 
Nazi terror.... 
After the Second 
World War, Duke was one of six major 
American universities which led the way in 
bringing German students to study in this 
country. Later, in the 1950s, Duke's distin- 
guished political scientist, Taylor Cole, 

presided over the birth and development of 
our Commonwealth Studies Center, and his 
active involvement with the developing 
countries of Africa in the 1960s brought to 
Duke a prescient voice of warning. 

Our duty today is, I firmly believe, an inter- 
national one, and I am preparing to take a 
number of steps to expand our influence and 

I shall work 
with the provost 
to achieve our 
goal that every 
Duke student 
will be able to 
take one semester 
abroad. I plan to attend the next meeting of 
the Council of European Rectors, the stand- 
ing conference of presidents of European uni- 
versities; I shall there represent the AAU 
[Association of American Universities] insti- 
tutions, where I shall join the effort to find 
our common boundaries of information, 
ideas, and human understanding with 
Eastern and Western Europe. And I hope 
that in similar ways we can reach out to the 
Third World.... 

We are grateful that as the South has 
prospered, so has Duke been enabled to go 
beyond its initial responsibilities. To the 
many duties subsumed in the word "teacher," 
Duke long ago began adding another. Today 
I would like to renew our commitment to 
those things which are the proper end of 
freedom, political stability, and economic 
prosperity— the things of the human spirit. 
At Duke our students are filling classes in 
art and art history; our excellent theaters 
and music building are burgeoning with ac- 
tivity; our still young Institute of the Arts 
has brought innumerable distinguished per- 
formers to this campus. These activities 
should be supported and expanded. For our 
students, I would like Duke to offer a master's 
degree in the fine arts. The performance 
concentration that such a degree makes pos- 
sible would enrich the understanding of our 
students who study the fine arts, and increase 
yet again the opportunities for arts perform- 
ance and interpretation on this campus.... 

I sincerely believe that it would be wrong 
for a university with our resources, our scope 
and reputation, to do nothing— or nothing 
significant— to support the visual and per- 
forming arts. They are the most vulnerable, 
the most fragile of activities in our society. 
When funding is scare, they are the first to 
go. When audiences are lacking, they wither. 
When society is unsympathetic and uncom- 
prehending, the arts die. 

As a university, we have many duties, 
among them to seek the truth in all knowl- 
edge, new and old, and to seek the wisdom. I 
doubt that we can perform this duty without 
the presence of beauty, imagination, and 

announced the selection last December, 
trustee chairman L. Neil Williams '58, '61 
J.D. said, "The board's national search really 
told us that the right person for the job was 
right here at Duke. Keith Brodie has the right 
combination of talents, the energy, the per- 
sonality, and the ability to make Duke Uni- 
versity an absolutely outstanding president." 

The right combination of mentors was also 
good presidential preparation, Brodie says. 
"I've always attempted to work for people 
who would inspire me and serve not only as 
good role models, but in fact as teachers." For 
his move to Stanford, he was recruited by the 
chairman of psychiatry, Dr. David Hamburg, 
who went on to become president of the Na- 
tional Academy of Sciences' Institute of 
Medicine and of the Carnegie Corporation. 
Chancellor for Health Affairs Dr. William 
Anlyan— who has played a central role in 
strengthening the medical center's reputa- 
tion—brought him to Duke. And as chancel- 
lor, Brodie found in Terry Sanford, now presi- 
dent emeritus, an exceptional teacher for 
"the sense of history he can convey, his ability 
to dig into the background of a problem, his 
political and social sensitivities." 

The Brodie style— the almost-perpetually 
open door to the president's office, the shirt- 
sleeves welcome to visitors, the affability 
that surfaces in conversation— is a study in 
informality. Informality and accessibility, 
Brodie might say. "I think I'm a relatively 
casual person to begin with. I was always 
rebellious about wearing coats and ties as a 
child. I think informality will be one hall- 
mark of this administration in that I plan to 
wander the campus, to drop in on class, to 
visit, from time to time, faculty in their of- 
fices and students in their dormitories. I just 
think you can accomplish a good deal more 
if people are not too uptight about the trap- 
pings and the circumstances in which they 
find themselves." 

A Keith Brodie encounter is also an en- 
counter with high energy: Brodie often talks 
at a rapid-fire clip and accompanies his state- 
ments with the perpetual motion of animated 
gestures. There is, too, a joie de vivre quality 
to his conversation: Teaching isn't just in- 
tellectually rewarding for him, it's "fun," for 
example. And balancing that natural exuber- 
ance are hints of a scientific mindset at 
work. It's a mindset that often reveals itself 
with his easy grasp of statistics, whether on 
the national rankings of Duke's academic 
departments or on state-by-state application 
figures, and in his resort to the vocabulary of 
the computer age: Departments don't just 
come together for research ventures, they 

Brodie watchers detect in him a sympathe- 
tic personality. A medical resident recalls 
how Brodie— when he was carrying heavy 
teaching, research, and administrative re- 
sponsibilities as psychiatry department 

chairman— would always take the time, in 
corridor conversations, to get a progress 
report on the future physician's work. The 
resident wasn't even based in psychiatry. A 
student taking Brodie's undergraduate course 
notes, with some awe, how quickly their pro- 
fessor learned the names of the eighteen 
class members. 

Now surrounded by the trappings and the 
circumstances of the presidency, Brodie, in 
some ways, personifies the complexities of 
the university he leads. To understand Duke 
is to see a university with a two-sided identi- 
ty—a university that revels in tradition, that 
respects its origins, yet that has gone farther 
and faster in achievement than nearly all of 
its peers. There are, in a sense, two Dukes: 
one rooted in a go-easy Southern gentility, 
the other driven by the pursuit of excellence 
and innovation. 

And how to judge Keith Brodie? There's a 
decidedly conservative side, expressed in his 
anything-but-flashy dress and his inaugural- 
address message that business and academe 
have much to gain from one another. Yet 
there's a boldness, too— in his constant 
theme that Duke has to engage itself in new 
technologies like biotechnology and micro- 
electronics, in his aggressive push for dis- 
tinguished faculty appointments, even in 
the office computer that puts him in touch 
with alumni, admissions, and business-office 

When, in 1983, Brodie contributed an 
essay to Terry Sanford's "How to Think 
Straight" series, he wrote about two kinds of 
thinking— a controlled and focused think- 
ing that often defines good pedagogy, and a 
stream-of-consciousness thinking character- 
istic of the creative process. To promote his 
own thinking— of either variety— he thinks 
carefully about his schedule and his office 
environment. "I think more creatively in the 
mornings, so I try to leave time then for writ- 
ing my speeches and my letters. And I be- 
lieve it's important to surround oneself with 
inspiring obj ects." For that reason he had the 
president's office renovated, "uplifting the 
place in general to make it a little more cele- 
bratory of the creative effort." A set of flow- 
ing window draperies was a casualty of the 
renovation, a step meant to "try to get more 
in tune with the quadrangle," as Brodie puts 
it. "On a campus as beautiful as this, you 
want to be able to look out and be a part of 

An abstract acrylic collage, with bright 
greens and yellows, dominates one wall of 
the office. Brodie acquired the collage, by 
local artist Betsy Zung, during' his time as 
psychiatry department chairman. Although 
its called "Augmented Force," a musical term 
suggesting disharmony, Brodie sees in it 
reminders of California— a brilliant sun, for 
example. Along another wall, built-in 
Continued on page 10 


Tuesday, September 17, 

With briefcase in hand, a 
khaki-clad Brodie arrives at 
his second-floor Allen Building office. Brodie 
asks a secretary to call in Phillip Griffiths, the 
provost, who— along with Chancellor for 
Health Affairs William Anlyan and 
Vice President for Administration Eugene 
McDonald— is one of Brodie's "inner team" of 
senior administrators. Brodie and Griffiths 
talk about progress toward building an inves- 
tor-financed campus hotel. E 
an impending Chronicle story on the selec- 
tion of Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca as 
commencement speaker— for a change, it's "a 
good leak" to the newspaper, he jokes. He 
mentions his coming meeting with Caroline 
Nisbet, newly-appointed direc- 
tor for intern programs, and says 
he'll encourage her to pursue her 
program aggressively. 

Brodie convenes ~" 

a meeting with 
his four secretaries. He briefly 
brings in Leslie Banner, an assist- 
ant to the president and his chief 
speech writer, to pass on praise 
he's heard for his address to 
Duke's twenty-five-year employ- 
ees. Digging into his briefcase, 
Brodie distributes some "odds 
and ends to be filed." He accepts some new calendar 
commitments— among them, a reception with the stu- 
dent government. Brodie and his staff review some 
minor snags in the process— including the case of one 
invitation that came back with an obituary 
about the recipient. Having distributed more than 
100,000 invitations, the staff is bound to find some 
snags in the process, Brodie tells them. 

Brodie places a few calls around campus— 
and places them himself, without the 
intermediary of a secretary. Without relying on 
and showing little need to pause to collect his thoughts, 
he dictates a series of memos and letters. The recipients 
range from Divinity School Dean Dennis Campbell, to 
whom Brodie writes about a proposed financial-aid pro- 
gram, to capital campaign director Joel Fleishman, to 
Lee Iacocca— whose biography is sitting on his desk. 

The day's edition of The Chronicle, which 
carries the Iacocca item prominently, 
provides some reading for Brodie. Later in the morning, 
a student will leave a note for Brodie clipped to the 
Chronicle account of the commencement speaker: 
"President Brodie, this is the best news I've heard at 
Duke in my three-plus years here. Of course, that could 
change if our basketball team is ranked No. 1 this year— 
but even that won't diminish my enthusiasm for May 4, 
1986. Thank you." 

On a small built-in screen, Brodie organizes a set of 
slides for his class meeting later that day. Inside the 
doors of the screen he has taped Polaroid photos, taken 
during the first class meeting, of the students enrolled 
in the course. It's important for him to be able to match 
names with faces because the students are graded, in 
part, according to their participation in class. Even at 
this early point in the semester, Brodie says he has "got 
them down pretty well." 

Brodie sees a "drop-in" visitor, Bruce 

Coleman '83. As a student, Coleman 

was involved with a task force that studied Duke's 

alumni and development operations. His family has a 

home in Maine close to Brodie's summer retreat. 

Just before his meeting with intern 
director Caroline Nisbet, Brodie asks 
John Piva's office to have Piva call him. As it happens, 
Piva— Duke's vice president for alumni affairs and de- 
velopment—is checking with his office from Chicago's 
O'Hare Airport, and is put through to Brodie. Brodie 
talks about some upcoming development and alumni 
calls, and suggests Terry Sanford for one of them. 

After Nisbet arrives, Brodie asks her what she's dis- 
covered since leaving Cornell, where she directed a 
similar program, and arriving at Duke. In her first few 
weeks, reports Nisbet, she's met with some seventy 
people. Her "overwhelming impression" is that the 
Duke community is "very interested and supportive" of 
the idea of building an internship program. She goes on 
to discuss the naming of the program—Duke Futures: 
Program for Scholar-Interns," a label that she thinks 

ternships as "an investment in the future." 
Brodie and Nisbet discuss the recruitment of potential 
students and employers, plus computer support and 
housing for the program. 

Brodie advises Nisbet that she will find Duke very 
"entrepreneurial," with everyone "encouraged to do 
their own thing and get their own funds." The problem 
comes when someone tries "to bring centripetal forces 
to bear," he adds; and the challenge to her of coordinat- 
ing and consolidating is likely to be appreciable. 

Brodie begins a meeting with Provost 
Griffiths, psychiatry department chair- 
man Bernard Carroll , and psychology chairman John 
Staddon. He says he asked the group to come together 
to "brainstorm" about a "very confusing and compli- 
cated issue— a suggestion from a benefactor of the uni- 
versity that would have Duke begin a teaching and 
research program devoted to the biochemistry of the 
mind. An exceptionally complex financing package is 
part of the proposal. Brodie asks for everyone's idea of 
"the most brilliant minds" in the field-researchers who 
might be recruited to Duke. 

Those at the meeting agree that the idea is an attrac- 
tive bridging of medical and non-medical fields, and 
that it would come at a propitious time, when the uni- 
versity is moving more into neurobiology. They also 
agree on some concerns: that the outstanding indivi- 

duals in the field would only come to Duke if new fai 
ties were provided, and their research teams were invited 
along. Griffiths suggests a one-day symposium that 
would introduce some of the top researchers to Duke. 

Brodie joins a meeting of the Presi- 
dent's Honors Council in the Board 
Room, adjacent to the president's office. The council is 
formed of student leaders who monitor the Duke Stu- 
dent Honor Commitment. One of the hallmarks of the 
Sanford presidency, the student-initiated commitment 
is "not to be enforced by outside authority" but to be 
"self-imposed by the individual," in Sanford's words. 

For this meeting the religion department's Thomas 
McCollough is trying to prod these "custodians of the 
honor commitment" to ponder its significance. The 
commitment, he says, comes from two somewhat con- 
tradictory traditions— one that views honor as a public 
objective or community concept, and the other that 
considers honor a subjective individual value or "con- 
sumer choice." In reexamining honor, this student 
group, McCollough suggests, will have to decide whether 
the academic community is truly a community or a col- 
lection of individuals. 

A student asks Brodie if he considers honor impor- 
tant in student life, and if honor in academe might be- 
come one of his themes. Brodie explains that he is "used 
to a system, as a physician, where you stand up and take 
the Hippocratic Oath, promising that you will do no 
harm to a patient. All sorts of sanctions are built into 
the ethical guidelines against malpractice— you can be 
sued for malpractice, or hauled before a physicians' 
board." He adds that a prerequisite for admission to 
Princeton, his undergraduate school, was a student's 
signature on an honor code. Students, then, would re- 
new the commitment with their signature on every test 
taken or paper submitted. 

As "a practical person," Brodie says he prefers a system 
that, like Princeton's, "has some teeth." He tells the stu- 
dents: "I agree there's a problem in the erosion of ethical 
restraints. Probably 10 to 15 percent of my mail relates 
to supposed violations of ethical restraints by students 
or faculty. I'm all for an honor code. But as I see what 
we've got, I find it difficult to embrace something so 

As the council meeting breaks up, 
one of the students asks for a brief 
meeting with Brodie. Invited into his office, the student 
asks Brodie to join a campus "College Bowl" contest. 
Brodie declines, saying he'd be "terrible at it," but says 
he'll be "glad to cheer you on." After the student leaves, 
Brodie says one of his concerns is for the dignity of the 

office. Submitting himself to a mock battle of wits, 
complete with rooting and hooting fans, isn't appealing. 

University Registrar Clark Cahow is the next visitor. 
Cahow drops off a report summarizing a recent commit- 
tee meeting of the Consortium on Financing Higher 
Education. The consortium is a planning and sta- 
tistics-gathering resource for thirty of the nation's most 
selective universities, and regularly brings together 
their admissions and financial aid officials. Brodie is on 
the consortium's board of directors and 
committee; Cahow is a member of the 
assembly— the wotking group of representatives from 
the thirty schools— and of its standing committee on 
public policy. His last committee meeting had centered 
on Title IV of the Higher Education Act, legislation 
that affects the awarding of federally-supported grants 
and loans. Studies from the consortium show that 
proposed cutbacks could have a setious impact on the 
participating institutions collectively and individually. 

Cahow also brings up his recent trip to China, men- 
tioning the gradually opening door to capitalism— and 
the connections being built up with Duke, including 
faculty and student exchanges. 

Staying in his office, Brodie eats his usual 
lunch, consisting of a smoked-fish sand- 
wich. After plowing through some correspondence, he 
talks with a secretary about setting up appointments 
with, among others, the mayor of Durham and Eugene 
McDonald, Duke's vice president for administration. 
He then pulls out a plastic model of the human brain, 
borrowed from the medical center, that he'll be using in 
the afternoon class. He says he wants to refresh himself 
on the details of brain anatomy. 

Provost Griffiths drops in to report on a 
luncheon with North Carolina Gov- 
ernor James Martin. Martin directed his comments to 
the future of science and technology in the state. 

Planning or the afternoon class meeting, 
Brodie spends a few minutes with his 
graduate assistant, Laura Whitman '85, and a medical 
resident in psychiatry, Keith Meador, who is also work- 
ing with the class. They talk about some of the details 
for a coming class visit to a Duke psychiatric ward. 

Before class, Brodie calls up Rossini's Ice Cream, a 
popular gathering spot for sweet-toothed students, 
located just off East Campus. He asks if the butterfinger 
ice cream is available. It is; and Brodie says he'll be there 
to pick up a portion at the end of the day. That is not to 
be a family treat: The ice cream is a therapy device for 

the one psychiatry patient for whom Brodie still makes 
house calls. The woman, suffering from depression and 
from a set of physical ailments, is "addicted to ice 
cream," Brodie explains. A helping of butterfinger ice 
cream has proved to be an excellent spur to conversation. 

It's back to the Board Room for Brodie. 
His eighteen undergraduates are as- 
sembled for the Distinguished Professor course, "Topics 
in Psychobiology." Brodie begins the class by calling the 
group, with at least a hint of facetiousness, "the best- 
prepared group of any."None of the class members has 
"bothered to show up at 8 in the morning," when Brodie 
begins his announced office hours. "I would look for- 
ward to the pleasure of your company." 

Meador sketches the field trip, planned for the follow- 
ing week, to the psychiatric ward. The trip will include 
a tour, a talk about the goals and workings of the unit, 
and interviews with patients. He stresses that confi- 
dentiality in such a setting is of pre-eminent impor- 
tance. Later, as a sort of preview, Brodie shows a docu- 
mentary film of depressed patients on a ward. 

Brodie's lecture focuses on the serendipitous history of 
the development of mood-altering drugs. He reviews 
the anatomy of the brain, an "extraordinarily complex" 
organ that operates through chemical and electtical 
reactions. And he mentions convincing evidence for 
the biochemical basis of mental illnesses, including 
schizophrenia: The brains of schizophrenics release sub- 
stances that have an effect roughly parallel to LSD. 
There is evidence, too, that schizophrenia, mania, and 
depression can be inherited. But there is also a "nurtur- 
ing" influence at wotk: "We can say it takes both gene- 
tics and stress in early childhood to produce the illness. 
Early environmental experience is important, so are 
genetic factors, so is stress adaptation. That should pro- 
vide some grist for this course." 

Responding to student questions, Brodie says that the 
ideal treatment for mental illness, in his view, couples 
psychotherapy and pharmacology. "You need to do 
both. You need to address the brain, and you need to 
address the mind. Drugs open a person up; they allow 
you to engage in the process of psychotherapy by build- 
ing stronger ego defenses." Before drugs arrived on the 
scene, "illness was rampant, and it was treated strictly 
with psychotherapy. Yet psychotherapy never made a 
major dent in the population of the ill. That outcome is 
not particularly exciting when contrasted with the re- 
sults from mixed therapies." 

Brodie also issues a caution about the mood-altering 
drugs, saying they cause a "gross distortion of delicate 
internal balances." The drugs have "only been in use 
twenty years or so. We don't know what they may do in 
the long haul: They may do more harm than good. But 
right now, we can say that they allow people to live 
functional lives. We know so much about the heart— 
what causes a heart attack, the signs of danger, the most 
effective treatment. With the brain, we're really grop- 
ing. The organ is so complex, it's difficult to get at." 
Psychiatry, he says, "is a neat field because it's so open: 
The answers aren't known." 

After class, Brodie spends some time an 
swering the questions of students curi- 
ously crowding around the plastic model of the brain. 
He makes a brief stop back in his office; then, as the 
presidential day concludes, it's off to Rossini's Ice 

Continued from page 7 

shelves provide comfortable housing for a 
large collection of psychiatry volumes 
(among them, Handbook of Psychiatry, 
Society and Drugs, Mood Disorders, Freud's 
Interpretation of Dreams), along with Duke 
Press publications and notebooks filled with 
research on prospective donors to Duke's 
capital campaign. 

Brodie will have plenty of chances to trans- 
mit his high energy on and off campus. One 
of his early presidential performances was 
before the twenty-five-year employees of the 
university. Using that forum, he announced 
an employee health program involving no- 
cost treatment at Duke's medical center and 
an educational-assistance plan that, for 
Duke employees, will waive 90 percent of the 
tuition charged for Duke courses. Back in his 
chancellor days, Brodie made it a point to 
attend every meeting of the faculty's repre- 
sentative body, the Academic Council; and 
he plans to continue that tradition for its 
value in encouraging debate on "the critical 
issues facing the university.'Also as chancel- 
lor he benefited, he says, from work with the 
Administrative Oversight Committee of the 
faculty. That, too, will be a continuing asso- 
ciation for him. "This is an extraordinarily 
gifted group of people, people who have been 
here years and years, who are well-versed in 
the university, and who represent a diversity 
of disciplines." An economics professor from 
the oversight group, he says, just spent a year 
evaluating the university's cost-accounting 

Brodie plans to have regular meetings with 
student leaders, including the president of 
the student government and the editor of 
The Chronicle. He maintains office hours to 
accommodate students on "a casual, drop-in 
basis." And he says he will be "working very 
hard" to meet with the alumni constituency— 
up to 15,000 in his first year as president. 
"This is the hardest constituency to deal 
with in terms of its geographically dispersed 
nature. But my hope is that by the end of five 
years, I will have covered the nation and 
given everyone who is interested an oppor- 
tunity to meet the new president." 

With a ten-year perspective on the univer- 
sity, Brodie says the quality of "Southerness" 
contributes to the uniqueness of Duke. He 
told this year's freshmen, in his welcoming 
address to the class, that many of them would 
be likely to assimilate a "Southern optimism" 
from their time at the university. "Although 
Duke is not a very Southern school and its 
faculty are probably for the mosc part Nort- 
herners, nonetheless there are subtle North- 
South differences here which I believe you 
will like. Perhaps the principal difference 
which I have detected has been a certain 
Southern optimism, an expectation of good 
from the other person which takes many 
forms— among them, statements of greeting 

which begin, 'You're looking great' rather 
than, 'How are you?' In fact, some begin a 
greeting by saying 'fine,' as if to avoid the pos- 
sibility of that question altogether." 

But to Brodie, "the real mission here is a 
national and even international one. Terry 
Sanford moved the place from being the top 
Southern university to being a top-ten na- 
tional university. I intend to maintain that 
image. Duke has a number of positive attri- 
butes by virtue of its location— being in the 
South, but also in the Triangle, with the 
excitement of industries like microelectronics 
and biotechnology." The Triangle's state- 
supported Microelectronics Center of North 
Carolina is the sort of facility, in Brodie's 
view, that will attract "cutting-edge faculty 
who want the resources that Duke may not 
be able to provide on its own— the dust-free 
silicon wafer laboratories that you need to 
design chips for research purposes, for exam- 
ple." General Electric, IBM, and a procession 
of other technologically-geared corporations 
"have all come into this area to take 
advantage of this facility, and that in turn 
has brought people who have interacted with 
Duke people in joint research. So it's been a 
real plus for Duke. Biotechnology is taking 
off as well: We're developing a major new 
effort in molecular genetics here at a time 
when the state is developing a Biotechnol- 
ogy Center. We feel that kind of parallel 
growth will allow a tremendous opportunity 
for mutual support." 

Expanding the reach of Duke means more 
than keeping in tune with cutting-edge re- 
search; it also involves, says Brodie, bolster- 
ing the university's tradition of international 
activism. He would like to see Duke "harness 
the creative engines of computer-assisted 

language instruction, of economics, of his- 
tory, public policy and other social sciences, 
and build on our comparative-area studies 
and international studies program," as he put 
it in a September address to the faculty. In- 
cluded in that goal: making the opportunity 
for a year or semester of study abroad avail- 
able to any student who wants it. 

Brodie's vision for Duke extends to the 
arts. His inaugural address called for a re- 
newed commitment to "the things of the 
human spirit." Duke students, he pointed 
out, "are filling classes in art and art history; 
our excellent theater and music building are 
burgeoning with activity; our still young In- 
stitute of the Arts has brought innumerable 
distinguished performers to this campus." 
Creative activities should be "supported and 
expanded," Brodie added; and as a step in 
that direction, he proposed a new masters- 
degree program in fine arts. 

At the September faculty meeting, Brodie 
said he is committed to the successful com- 
pletion of the university's $200-million cam- 
paign for arts and sciences endowment. "If 
we are to fulfill the academic mission we 
have set for ourselves," he said, "we must 
move to double our endowment, and it is 
against that goal that my presidency shall be 

Faculty development is also high on the 
presidential priorities list. As Duke adds to 
its faculty ranks in the arts and sciences— an 
infusion funded by the capital campaign— it 
has had some notable successes in wooing 
away distinguished professors from other uni- 
versities. But distinguished professors should 
be developed in part from the university's 
own untenured ranks, Brodie told the facul- 
ty. "Part of the Duke tradition has been the 
nurturance of junior faculty to achieve inter- 
national fame." Among his other education- 
al aims: building on such successful continu- 
ing-education ventures as those offered by 
the graduate school, through its master's 
program in liberal studies, and by the Fuqua 
School of Business, through its weekend 
executive-education program. Brodie has 
also embraced the university's efforts to 
expand the North Carolina representation 
in Duke's student body— a move that grows 
out of historical ties, community-relations 
concerns, and a feeling that Duke needs a 
core of home-state alumni in positions of 
political and corporate influence. 

Every Tuesday afternoon, Duke's new presi- 
dent walks a few steps from his office into the 
Allen Building Board Room; and there he 
continues in his role as teacher. While at 
Stanford's medical school, he taught a large- 
enrollment undergraduate course that dealt 
with the biochemistry of mental illness and 
the workings of mood-altering drugs. As 
Duke chancellor, he offered a similar course; 
and this fall, his Distinguished Professor 
Continued on page 44 

Inauguration spectators: Brenda Brodie and son Cameron 

Shortly after her husband was ap- 
pointed Duke chancellor, Brenda 
Brodie took her father-in-law on a 
tour of campus. Along the walk she found 
herself picking up a stray piece of trash here 
and there. "Keith's father used to kid me about 
being university groundskeeper," Brodie 
laughs, "but I've always had a sense of pride 
about the place." 

Brenda Barrowclough Brodie, 43, seems 
comfortable in her newest role as wife of the 
president— comfortable enough to joke about 
"following in Lady Bird's footsteps with a uni- 
versity beautification program." Along with 
Sue Williams, wife of board chairman Neil 
Williams, she's already started a group for the 
spouses of Duke's trustees— both men and 
women— and she is looking forward to 
entertaining the guests of the university, but 
without enormous fanfare. "I'm the kind of 
person who, the day before the event, will go 
out and find something to wear if I need to." 

The Brodies represent a new generation in 
leadership at Duke— young, energetic, direct, 
and very family-centered. Brenda Brodie has 
a warm and casual presence. She and her 
husband have chosen to stay in the home 
they lived in during Keith's tenure with 
Duke; the President's House in Duke Forest 
where Terry and Margaret Rose Sanford lived 
for a time will be used as a "bed and break- 
fast" house for guests of the university and for 
larger parties. Brenda Brodie sees her role as 
something familiar, "another managerial- 
type job. I've always loved to cook and to 
entertain. I've taken cooking classes in every 
city we've lived in. Only now it's a special 
occasion when I get to cook for friends." 

The Brodie home in Durham's Forest Hills 
is traditional, elegantly furnished, and full of 
light. Brenda has just come home from her 
class on the "History of Women in Art— a 
course offered through Duke's Office of Con- 
tinuing Education. At this hour, her four 
children— ranging in age from 7 to 15 —are in 

school at Durham Academy. The house is 
quiet except for a grandfather clock in the 
foyer signaling the quarter hour with chimes 
not unlike the Duke Chapel carillon. 

Brenda Brodie is probably a lot like most of 
the other young women in this upper-middle 
class neighborhood— a civic activist, in- 
volved in the Durham Arts Council, the 
North Carolina Symphony Society, the 
American Dance Festival Association, and 
the Durham Daycare Council. She's used to a 
relentless schedule which includes plenty of 
taxi duty to and from her children's soccer 
and volleyball matches and other sundry 
school functions. She drives a station wagon. 

"I guess you'd say I'm a resource person for 
Keith." She smiles. "When we first moved 
here, I immediately got involved in the com- 
munity while he was spending long hours in 
Duke Hospital.... I got to know Durham, and 
now this is home. We've lived here longer 
than anywhere else in our married life." 

Brenda Brodie shares her husband's inter- 
est in health care. When her younger sister 
developed a brain tumor at 13 , Brenda was 
impressed with "the angels of mercy who 
cured her." She decided to study nursing. Her 
manner today still reflects that kind of atten- 
tive, sympathetic, and earnest concern char- 
acteristic of the best nurses. And there is still 
the telltale black watch, with a sweep second 
hand, on her left wrist. 

While training at Columbia in New York 
City, Brenda met her husband-to-be in the 
medical school library. "I was studying for an 
exam, and he came up and sat next to me. I 
think he asked me what I was studying— you 
know, one of those great lines." She laughs. 
"And then he noticed my last name." As it 
turned out, Brenda's brother, Bob— now a 
Reformed Church minister— had been in 
Keith's undergraduate class at Princeton. 

"We never really went out on dates," she 
says. "But I did go back to the library to study 
more often." Brenda says she liked Keith's 

p "challenging questions. He always asked me 
'- why I didn't go into medicine instead of nurs- 
ing." They married in 1967 , five years after 
they met. 

Brenda was a practicing nurse for three 
years before "retiring" to start a family. She 
puts a high priority on child-rearing. Melissa 
and Cameron are moving into their teens 
now, which Brenda says is an age their father 
can relate to better than she can. "Keith lets 
off steam by playing with the kids— doing 
goofy things. Here I am with my classical 
music and opera. And here is Keith playing 
jazz and rock— very loudly." 

Tyler 11, and Bryson 7, are affectionate 
and sensitive children, she says. "All four of 
them are really good friends, intensely loyal. 
Keith is amazed by that, I think. He was an 
only child." 

Brenda was raised in a small town in 
northern New Jersey, the middle child 
among three. Her father owns a textile 
machinery firm. Her mother worked as a 
legal secretary until she was married. The 
Barrowclough family spent summers at a lake 
house in New Jersey, and today the Brodies 
spend one month every summer on Mount 
Desert Isle in Maine. Brenda enjoys seeing 
her children have a childhood experience 
similar to her own, where the family can be 
together, away from it all. "We talk about 
Maine all year. The house is full of reminders 
of our vacations." 

Brenda Brodie enjoys meeting the small 
groups of students that occasionally dine 
with the family. "I'm impressed with Duke 
students. I admire them for seeing a world 
beyond themselves. A lot of them volunteer 
in the community, and it's fun to meet them 
outside of the university context." She ad- 
mits, too, that the Duke student population 
is a handy babysitting resource. 

From all appearances, the fact that Keith 
has taken the reins at Duke does not seem to 
have changed much around the Brodie house- 
hold. "When Keith was being considered for 
the job, we had a family meeting. He said it 
was going to be harder on the children and 
me. I wouldn't say we had to talk him into it, 
but he needed to hear all of us say we were 
willing. Fortunately, I don't think it has af- 
fected the kids. They're obviously proud of 
him, but their personalities are formed. They 
have their own identities." 

As for Brenda Brodie: "The interest of the 
university is close to my heart, but I want to 
keep my family right up there, too. I think it's 
do-able." She is confident and agreeable 
about the tasks ahead. "I have an expecta- 
tion of myself. My conscience sets my goals. 
I know I won't always be able to do every- 
thing. I think I'm realistic, but I really want 
to be out there working." ■ 

— Georgann Eubanks 76 








A dig directed by archaeologists Eric and Carol Meyers 
led to a baffling discovery under an ancient city. 

hen Duke archaeologists 
Carol and Eric Meyers ar- 
rived last summer, ancient 
Sepphoris in lower Galilee 
was a gentle, green hummock. A forest of 
spindly pine trees spilled down one side of 
the hill. To another side of the crest was an 
orphanage run by Italian nuns, a white box 
of a building, and the remains of a never- 
completed Crusader church, built atop the 
ruins of two Roman-era synagogues. The bar- 
ren top of the hill, where the ancient town 
once thrived, bristled with stickers. It had 
been occupied from the late Iron Age, in the 
seventh or eighth century B.C., until the 
Israelis razed the Arab town of Seffooriya in 
the 1948 war. 

By the end of the Meyerses' excavation, 
the Israeli summer had turned the country- 
side brown and the hill lay open, exposing 
the hardscrabble stone buildings that once 
made up this ancient city where Jews, Jewish 
Christians, Christians and pagans seemed to 
have coexisted in a common culture. How 
did they live? How were their religious insti- 
tutions evolving? 

Drawn to the historic site by these very 
questions was an eighty-member Duke team, 
led by the Meyerses and Ehud Netzer of the 
Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The group 

included American and Israeli students, 
faculty, and workers. The oldest was 69. 

The Meyerses have excavated in Israel for 
twenty years and have led digs at four other 
sites in Galilee since 1970. This was their 
first year at Sepphoris. Scholars already 
knew that Sepphoris had been the capital of 
Lower Galilee during Roman times, in the 
first century A.D. It was a city of 7,000 to 
10,000, a metropolis by the standards of the 
time. The last archaeologists there, a team 
that came from the University of Michigan 
in 1931, had unearthed an amphitheater 
with some 5,000 seats. 

In the first centuries A.D. , Sepphoris was a 
place of religious ferment, particularly for 
Jews. It was the seat of the Sanhedrin, or 
Jewish council. There, about 200 A.D, a 
rabbi known as Judah the Prince compiled 
and edited the Mishnah, the collection of 
laws and rulings that form the core of the 
Talmud. "The Talmud," the Meyerses had 
written, "is the major repository of Jewish 
learning to survive antiquity and until quite 
recently represented for Jews their definitive 
link with the Bible itself." 

Sepphoris is also a significant place to 
Christians. Mary, Jesus's mother, is said to 
have been born there. The convent at the 
orphanage celebrated the 2,000th year of 


*•* ^ - "V 

her birth during the dig. Nazareth stands at 
the horizon, five kilometers distant, and 
Jesus may have preached in Sepphoris. How- 
ever, as the Christian church developed in 
Rome— perhaps under more Jewish influence 
than is commonly thought, according to Eric 
Meyers— the Jewish Christians of Sepphoris 
were at an evolutionary dead end; they are 
the direct spiritual ancestors of only one or 
two Middle Eastern sects. "Christians, in my 
opinion, don't become a significant force in 
history [in Syria and Palestine] until later 
than most people think," says Eric Meyers. 
"It is only after 330, when Constantine con- 
verted, that Christianity assumes its gentile 
or non-Jewish form [in Galilee]. That the 
early church was so thoroughly Judaized 
probably comes as a bit of a surprise to most 
lay people and many scholars." 

The work day began at 4:30 a.m. with 
bread and coffee at the agricultural school 
that served as a base camp. The group 
trundled to the site in a school bus. Eric 
Meyers often supervised as the students 
loosened the hard-packed earth with picks, 
back-hoed it into gufas (rubber baskets 
made from old tires), and sifted it through 
screens. As they approached a part of a build- 
ing or an object, they switched to geologists' 
picks and trowels, and finally to dental tools 
and paint brushes. 

At 8 a.m., there was a breakfast of cucum- 
bers, tomatoes, olives, yogurt, cheese, and 
bread with chocolate spread. By a little after 
noon, the group had returned to base camp. 

The team moved perhaps twenty tons of 

Scholarly scrabbling 
in the sand has nothing 

to do with the 

swashbuckling, Indiana 

Jones school of grave 


dirt, Eric Meyers estimates. The Middle 
Eastern sun was fierce. The diggers had to 
wear hats and drink large quantities of water 
to avoid overexposure. It did not rain. 

Eric Meyers seriously considered going to 
rabbinical school before going on to earn his 
Ph.D. at Harvard in 1969. Biblical studies 
caught the interest of Carol Meyers while she 
was an undergraduate at Wellesley. When he 
got a job in Duke's religion department in 
1969, she was still six years away from earn- 
ing her doctorate at Brandeis. She began lec- 
turing part time in 1976, and eventually won 
a full-time, tenured position, solving the 
universal professional dilemma of academic 

"There was not ever any doubt that this 
sort of study was part of my life," says Eric 
Meyers. "I toyed with theological study, also 
law and drama and music. It was exposure to 
academic study of religion in college that 

convinced me not to become a rabbi, but to 
pursue historical study in an academic 

"It doesn't come out of personal religious 
conviction," Carol Meyers adds. "That's not 
irrelevant, since we are involved in contem- 
porary religious practice. It is interesting 
when you uncover the ancient roots of it. 
But it's not for personal religious reasons that 
we set about doing this. We don't need to 
find certain things about biblical culture to 
hold certain religious beliefs. 

"Archaeology and belief are on different 
planes. Archaeology can neither prove nor 
disprove the Bible in terms of belief. You can 
talk about events that are described in the 
Bible, but you can never tell whether God 
was responsible for these events or not. 
That's not within the realm of verification 
through archaeological discovery. Funda- 
mentalists of all religions have trouble with 
that. To the fundamentalists, if you find evi- 
dence that King Josiah was there, that proves 
the Bible is true. All that shows you is that 
the political event described in the Bible 

The Meyerses' scholarship spans the 2,000 
years of the Bible. They are translating 
Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi from 
Hebrew for the Anchor Bible series, a scho- 
larly translation and commentary. Eric 
Meyers is editor of the magazine Biblical 
Archaeologist, published by American 
Schools for Oriental Study and Research, an 
organization comprising 162 institutions. 
He also edits several other series of periodi- 

cals and books for ASOR. Carol Meyers has 
studied the evolution of sex roles across the 
expanse of biblical time and Jewish icono- 
graphy. Their publication list, including a 
number of articles in Hebrew, covers several 

Their digs, however, have focused on 
Galilee in the centuries after the Bible closes, 
especially the third and fourth centuries 
A.D. It was then, says Eric Meyers, that "both 
great religions, Judaism and Christianity, 
assumed their final and definitive shape in 
the Middle East." 

Eric Meyers originally was the one inter- 
ested in that period, but Carol Meyers has 
adopted it as her own. "I love field work and 
the challenge of stratigraphic excavation," 
she says. "The fantastic thing is that even 
though you have Judaism as a recognizable 
entity in the first century, and you have 
Christianity as a recognizable entity, there's 
very little architectural evidence to go with 
the concept of a synagogue or church." 

In the first and second centuries, Chris- 
tians and Jews probably worshiped in modest 
"house churches" and synagogues. It was not 
until the third century that synagogues and 
churches began to flourish architecturally. 
Even then, they were plain, and depictions 
of people are almost never found, probably in 
observance of the Second Commandment's 
proscription of graven images. "Galilee was 
cut off from the main trade routes," Carol 
Meyers says. "In the Roman world, synagogues 
had a lot of decorative arts associated with 
them— mosaic floors and a lot of images. Our 
synagogues, by and large, do not. Our syna- 
gogues are much more conservative." 

The most important political event of the 
era were the three Jewish revolts against 
Rome. The first culminated in 70 A.D. with 
the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem 
and the banishment of Jews from the city. 
Among the last holdouts were the Zealots at 
Masada, who chose suicide over surrender. 
(The Meyerses were student volunteers at 
digs there in 1964 and 1965.) The second 
revolt, in 132 to 135, was led by a rabbi 
known as Bar Kochba, to whom some fol- 
lowers attributed messianic powers. "This 
war was as devastating, perhaps more devas- 
tating, than the other and wiped out the 
country again," says Eric Meyers. "The eco- 
nomic devastation allowed Rome to tighten 
its grip. They initiated a number of tremen- 
dous persecutions. The result was a much 
more docile, captive, local population. 
There is one final burst of resistance to 
Roman rule in 350-352, the revolt under 
Gallus Caesar. This seems to be the last gasp 
of Jewish resistance to Roman control; and 
Jewish nationalism was apparently insti- 
gated by Roman army abuses, including rape 
and murder of the local population." 

Researchers had thought that the Jewish 
Christians migrated en masse across the 

The Meyerses required 
their students on the 
summer dig to record 
their day-byday experiences 
and insights. Following are 
excerpts from the journal kept 
by Louis Citron '87, a religion 
and economics major 6om 
Fayetteville, New York. 

June 25: Sepphoris had to 
possess natural physical char- 
acteristics, man-made physical 
characteristics, and a proper 
political situation in order to 
maintain its position in the 
eyes of the Roman Empire. 
Today, the Talmud and 
Josephus' account are literary 
sources that re-create life at 
Sepphoris. It must be remem- 
bered that these accounts are 
biased; archaeology is needed 
to provide more information 
in order that a more accurate 
account of history can be 
determined. One of the "tasks 
of the archaeologist is to estab- 
lish the cultural affinities of 
the group with which he is 
dealing," as one writer says. In 
each of the squares that we 
are digging, we are looking for 
different "cultural affinities" 
that allowed Sepphoris to 


July 2: Today was a significant 
day in the squares. To this 
point, our areas have been 
producing perplexing data. 
We have found architectural 
structures, but clear strata 
have not appeared. Even at 
230 cm. below our elevation 
point, we continued to find 
mixed pottery. In order to 
determine whether it was 
worthwhile to continue in thi 
area, a shift in strategy oc- 
curred. The northeast and 

: squares were cut i 
half for better test probing. 

This change occurred because 
we were starting to waste 
time— a precious commodity. 

July 9: As we dig through vari- 
ous strata, we dismantle his- 
tory. On Monday, one team 
found whole pottery and 
began immediately to remove 
it. The value of whole pottery 
does not lie solely in the piece 
itself; half of the factual in- 
formation to be gained exists 
in the surroundings in which 
the pieces are found. Instead 
of immediately removing the 
pieces, the team should have 
taken photographs and eleva- 
tions while the pieces were in 
situ. Using this information, 
the environment could have 
been reconstructed. Instead, 
this information is forever 

July 17: After three and one- 
half weeks of the same stra- 
tegy-pick, backhoe, parish, 
brush— we have excavated 
architecture that requires a 
new strategy. Locus 95.1016 is 
defined by physical character- 
istics: On the east and west 
sides, non-plastered walls 
exist. The south side is a stair- 

way leading north. Acting as a 
roof is a stone stretching from 
the east wall to the west wall. 
Never before have we had a 
locus isolated due to physical 

Tomorrow, we plan to con- 
tinue to excavate 95.1016. We 
will remove a layer, level the 
surface, and again remove a 
layer until further architec- 
ture or the bottom is found. 
Before the twentieth century, 
the tendency might have been 
to stop displaying patience - 
excavate without regard to 
pottery. One goal predomi- 
nated—find what lay below. 
Today, professionals do not 
practice this archaeological 
method. Special care is given 
in recording in order to re- 
construct the site. There is no 
room in archaeology for glory 
hunters. Only scientific histor- 
ians interested in recreating 
history for posterity have the 
proper outlook to complete 
successfully an archaeological 
season. I believe that our 
group — all fifty-five of us — is 
on its way to fitting this desir- 
able definition. 

Jordan River to Syria after the 70 revolt. The 
Meyerses have found, however, that many 
Jewish Christians remained in Galilee and 
mingled peacefully with the Jews. At Sep- 
phoris, like the rest of Galilee, they seemed 
to have shared the same culture and many of 
the same rituals. 

Scholarly scrabbling in the sand obviously 
has nothing to do with the swashbuckling, 
Indiana Jones school of grave robbing. But in 
fact, the kind of archaeologist portrayed in 
Raiders of the Lost Ark once existed. In 1911, 
a Moslem guard discovered Montague B. 
Parker, an Englishman in Arab garb, scrab- 
bling around at night in a cavern beneath 
the Temple Mount in Jerusalem in search of 
King Solomon's treasure. In the ensuing riot 
by outraged Moslems and Jews, Parker fled to 
his yacht and sailed for England. 

"The digging is the tip of the archaeologi- 

cal iceberg," says Carol Meyers. "Most of the 
work remains to be done after the six weeks 
in the field. We're still working on stuff we 
dug up in— I hate to tell you when— 1978. 
An architect is working on drawings; a drafts- 
person is drawing pottery; a coin expert is 
cleaning coins, dating them, and writing 
about them. Our job is to synthesize every- 
thing into a book. That's a product of many 
years after the dig. That's part of the un- 
romance of archaeology, too." 

Still, the Meyerses have, on occasion, been 
willing to play along with the image, if only 
as a spoof. One of their most important 
finds— certainly the most publicized— is a 
fragment of an ark, or Torah shrine, from the 
third century A.D. The half-ton of white 
limestone depicts rampant lions on either 
side of a gable. Beneath the gable is a scallop- 
shell niche from which an eternal lamp was 

hung. Every synagogue from the Middle 
Ages onward has an ark, but the Meyerses' 
find predates the previously known Torah 
shrines by several centuries. "This is the first 
known before the Medieval period, and it's 
kind of a missing link between the Medieval 
and later Torah shrines and the biblical con- 
cept of the Ark of the Covenant," Carol 
Meyers says. 

The Bible says the Ark of the Covenant 
contained the tablets of the Ten Command- 
ments brought down from Mount Sinai by 
Moses. That would have been in the thir- 
teenth century B.C. The Israelites carried 
the ark into battle, believing it made them 
invincible. In the eleventh century, it was 
captured by the Philistines. But they were 
struck by the plague and returned the ark 
after seven months, believing the disease was 
a sign of Yahweh's wrath. 

Raiders invoked that legend— with con- 
siderable dramatic license— in the climax of 
the film, in which the preternatural force of 
the Ark melts the Nazis' faces. In fact, the 
fate of the Ark is unknown. According to the 
Bible, it was placed permanently in the 
Temple of Solomon in the tenth century 
B.C. There is no further clear reference to 
the Ark. It was made partly of wood, and 
may have turned to dust, or it may have been 
looted by Assyrians or Babylonians in con- 
quests of Jerusalem in the seventh and sixth 
centuries B.C. 

The ark the Meyerses found was not the 
Ark. But the press could not resist the tempta- 
tion: "Real-Life Indiana Jones Finds An An- 
cient Lost Ark," the headlines said; "Raiders 
Foreshadows Discovery Of 'Lost Ark.' " The 
real-life archaeologists went along with the 
gag, posing for People magazine's "Couples" 
section as Indiana Jones and Marion beneath 
a gothic arch at Duke. In the absence of a 
bullwhip, a climbing rope had to suffice, but 
Carol Meyers declined to rip her dress for 

Serious scholarship does not always spare 
modern archaeologists the kind of reception 
accorded Montague B. Parker. Says Eric 
Meyers: "Religious fundamentalism in the 
Middle East is worse than it is in America. 
The two worst examples are the tragedy of 
Lebanon and the tragedy of contemporary 
Iran. In Iran, religious fundamentalism car- 
ried to its extreme has resulted in the wanton 
destruction of human life. It has brought the 
virtual annihilation of a generation of youth 
and of the physical culture of the entire 

"It's not that bad in Israel yet. But religious 
fundamentalism is a great threat to the civi- 
lity of modern Israel. Some of the more ex- 
tremist religious elements have supported a 
ban on excavation of all antiquities suspected 
of having human remains from the biblical 
or post-biblical period. There's no way you 
can know what you're going to find, let alone 

Carved into the soft 

bedrock was a network 

of passages connecting 

many of the cisterns, an 

underground maze the 

size of a football field. 

what period you'll come down on because of 
the irregular build-up of debris. This attempt 
to supervise through rabbinical control has 
not yet culminated in parliamentary law, 
though such laws have been narrowly de- 
feated several times. There have been re- 
peated demonstrations and harassment of 
groups. That has included our group, and it 
has included especially the Israeli contin- 
gent excavating in Jerusalem. 

"These people play tough, very tough. 
They throw stones, they turn over tractors, 
they knock down columns— they play hard- 
ball . There is no indication that this battle is 
over yet, and I regard it as a tragedy for the 
state of Israel, where archaeology and na- 
tional consciousness through archaeology is 
such an integral part of the nation's culture." 
There were no such incidents this year at 

"Sepphoris" means "bird," and one of the 
first objects the Duke team unearthed this 
year was a small figure of a bird's head. The 
team adopted it as the logo of the dig and 
had Tshirts made bearing the image. More 
important artifacts included two tiny bronze 
statues, one of Pan playing his pipes and one 
of Prometheus with his eagle, circa third cen- 
tury A.D. They were found in a plastered cis- 
tern beneath a private house. Israeli experts 
say such Greek-influenced statues are extra- 
ordinarily rare; they will go to the Israeli 
Museum in Jerusalem. 

The team also found a lead weight, dating 
to approximately 165 A.D., depicting a mar- 
ketplace with colonnades. The Greek in- 
scription identifies the head of the market as 
Simon, son of Elienou. The name means that 
the head of the market was a Jew or a Jewish 
Christian, even though the town was under 
Roman rule, says Eric Meyers. The weight 
will also go to the Israel Museum, where ex- 
perts say it is the first of its kind to be found 
in the Holy Land. 

The team excavated fifteen baths that 
appear to have been used for ritual bathing 
by Jews or Jewish Christians or both. The 
Meyerses believe some of the baths may have 
been communal, shared by a number of 
families. "Sepphoris was inhabited by Jews 

whose leaders were collecting and writing 
what became normative law, including regu- 
lations about purity, and Jewish Christians 
preoccupied with ritual bathing also inhab- 
ited the site. So the existence of these small, 
well-made plastered bathing pools provides a 
unique opportunity for studying ritual bath- 
ing in both Judaism and Palestinian Chris- 
tianity of the first centuries," Carol Meyers 
says. At earlier sites, including Jerusalem, 
nearly every household had its own bath. 
"Sometime after the destruction of the 
Temple, there was a transition to community 
baths," she says. "We're wondering if what 
we've found is related to this." 

Like other Galilee sites, Sepphoris also 
shows a preoccupation with collecting and 
storing water. The bedrock beneath the town 
is dotted with plastered cisterns. It was here, 
two weeks into the dig, that the Meyerses 
found the most baffling mystery of the sum- 
mer. Carved into the soft bedrock was a net- 
work of passages connecting many of the 
cisterns, an underground maze the size of a 
football field. Underground Sepphoris was 
nearly the size of what lay on the surface. 
The entrances to the network were too small 
for Eric Meyers to enter, but one could travel 
from house to house through the cisterns. 
Why had the residents so laboriously chiseled 
the passages out of the rock? "You and I 
wouldn't undertake that for all the money in 
the world," says Eric Meyers. Was it some sort 
of waterworks? Underground storage? A sub- 
terranean hideout? 

Sepphoris is not thought to have partici- 
pated in the first Jewish revolt. Thus, if the 
passages prove to have been used for hiding— 
and if they existed before the second revolt— 
they might shed new evidence on the politi- 
cal history of the town. The network remains 
an enigma. "There seems to be a suggestion 
they were entered and used, perhaps for 
other purposes we cannot fathom," says Eric 

It will take years to unravel the puzzles of 
Sepphoris. "This is probably the last site we'll 
do," says Eric Meyers. The Meyerses will not, 
however, completely excavate the site. "A 
good archaeologist should not ever think to 
excavate a whole site, because we're not per- 
fect," says Carol Meyers. "Succeeding genera- 
tions will improve our methodology and our 
knowledge, and we need to leave lots for 
future generations." Says Eric Meyers, "We 
won't live to see it." 

Life on a dig may usually be tedious com- 
pared with the image portrayed by Indiana 
Jones. But, Carol Meyers says, "The boredom 
is taken away by the potential that every time 
you stick a tool in the ground, something fas- 
cinating may come up." ■ 

Adams is a free-lance writer from Raleigh. His last 
piece for Duke Magazine was on Duke Marine Lab 
biology and zoology professor Richard Barber. 





awaii was here, both the Dakotas, 
large West Coast cities, and small 
Southern towns. The reason: the 
biennial Leadership Conference, sponsored 
by the General Alumni Association for the 
new leaders of alumni clubs and Alumni 
Admissions Advisory Committees (AAAC). 

Nearly a hundred came to campus Septem- 
ber 20-22 for a weekend of orientation, pre- 
sentations, and workshops to help them 
understand and carry out their particular 
roles. The conference was held for two dis- 
tinct groups: presidents of local alumni clubs 
and new alumni admissions advisory com- 
mittee chairs. 

The first day was a joint convocation. Fol- 
lowing a luncheon buffet, opening presenta- 
tions began in the Bryan Center Film Theater 
with welcoming remarks by General Alumni 
Association President Frances "Parkie" 
Adams Blaylock '53 . "Our goal is simple," she 
said. "Together we must galvanize a coast-to- 
coast network of strong Duke alumni organ- 
izations. No group has ever been convened 
on this campus that has the power you pos- 
sess to act as catalysts in perpetuating this 
university's strengths. Duke is depending on 
each of you to become a more knowledgeable 
ambassador this weekend." 

Alumni Affairs Director M. Laney Funder- 
burk Jr. '60 then introduced university 
speakers: Provost Phillip A. Griffiths; Presi- 
dent Emeritus Terry Sanford; Richard White, 
dean of Trinity College and of arts and sci- 
ences; Athletics Director Tom Butters; and 
William J. Griffith '50, vice president for stu- 
dent affairs. 

Provost Griffiths quoted from the revised 
edition of The Uses of the University by Clark 
Kerr, president emeritus of the University of 
California, who observed that "almost regard- 
less of what else is happening, society needs 
the highest skills and the best new knowl- 
edge, and in the United States, the research 
university is the chief source of both." Kerr's 
factors affecting possible change in the rank- 
ings of top schools: geographical location, 
program changes which build on strengths 
while eliminating weaknesses, and the rela- 
tive strength of professional schools. 

Alumni leaders: a weekend of workshops 

Griffiths applied Kerr's premise to Duke's 
direction: "This potential exists because of 
the strength of the current faculty, the ad- 
ministrative leadership of recent years under 
President Terry Sanford. the physical and 
cultural attractions of the area, and the 
proximity to UNC, N.C. State, and especi- 
ally the Research Triangle. 

"The combination of circumstances cited 
by Clark Kerr as containing the potential for 
true greatness seems almost to describe 
Duke's situation. Duke has strong profession- 
al schools, a graduate program that is increas- 
ing in distinction, and an open opportunity 
for increased cooperation and collaboration 
between the professional schools and the 
traditional academic disciplines." 

Following questions from the audience, 
Richard White, the new Trinity dean, was 
introduced. He continued Griffiths' theme: 
"After establishing departmental strengths, 
we must take advantage of them with new 
programming— interdisciplinary programs 
emphasizing the arts and sciences— and with 
faculty development. We need strong junior 
appointments for new directions." 

In addition to existing interdisciplinary 
programs such as the Institute of the Arts, 

White mentioned new programs in the 
works: linking comparative language and 
comparative literature; expanding interna- 
tional studies in Latin America, East Asia, 
Africa, the Far East; and creating a Language 
Institute, which would use traditional as well 
as computer-assisted modes to strengthen, 
through fluency, international programs. 
"Our function is to enhance this place for 
undergraduates. We are going to try to en- 
courage students to use a diversity of ways to 
achieve their goals." 

Athletics Director Tom Butters discussed 
Duke's enviable position, along with Notre 
Dame, of graduating the most athletes in 
four years. The growth of Duke athletics has 
not been at the cost of Duke academics, he 
said. Vice President for Student Affairs 
William Griffith concluded the program 
with a selection of students discussing their 
reasons for choosing Duke. 

Saturday's programs were separated into 
specific workshops for each group. The 
morning session for alumni clubs centered 
on the mechanics of running a club, from 
program planning, resources, and informa- 
tion sharing to samples of past, successful 
programs. Discussions accented the impor- 
tance of implementing the program for spe- 
cial speakers from the faculty who will travel 
to clubs around the country. Scheduled for 
this year are Duke political scientist Allan 
Kornberg, Fuqua business school professor 
and Academic Council chairman Arie Lewin, 
and botanist James N. Siedow. 

"The real learning comes from discussion 
and interaction among club presidents," says 
Albert A. Fisher '80, clubs field representa- 
tive. "This morning session was particularly 
valuable because of the wide range of ideas 

New AAAC leaders took part in an admis- 
sions workshop which featured Jean A. Scott, 
director of undergraduate admissions, and 
James A. Belvin, financial aid director. Scott 
observed that alumni are "the backbone of 
the admissions operation. There's a definite 
relationship between the fact that Duke is a 
'hot' college and the fact that it has an active 
alumni admissions advisory program." She 
also reinforced the admissions office's inter- 
est in alumni children: "Our interest is clear, 
given the fact that 48-49 percent of alumni 
children who apply are accepted, compared 




'I have been to over ten soccer camps in the last three 
years and Duke was definitely the best . . ." 

Kerwin Clayton, Wallingford, Pennsylvania 


Girls 8 and up-June 21-26 


Boys 8-1 2- June 28-July 3 


Boys 13 and up-July 5-10 


Boys 8-12-July 12-17 


Boys 13 and up-July 19-24 


Boys 13 and up-July 26-31 


Beginners 6-12-June 23-27 

For additional information 
write or call: 

Duke Soccer Camp 
PO. Box 22176 
Duke Station 
Durham, NC 27706 

to 33 percent accepted from the rest of the 

"But, just as standards have risen across the 
board, they've risen for alumni children also. 
To take anyone who is significantly different, 
competitively, from the rest of the student 
body is inviting that student to struggle— 
and that is unfair." 

After a luncheon on the lawn of Alumni 
House, afternoon workshops began. Alumni 
club sessions were divided into two groups of 
large (700 or more alumni) and small clubs. 
Stanley G. Brading 75, president of the 
Atlanta club, and Henry M. Beck 73, presi- 
dent of the Hartford club, led respective dis- 
cussions on the newly developed club proto- 
type. "In an effort to broaden the base of 
alumni participation, the prototype suggests 
open programming committees and an 
elected board of directors for each club," ex- 
plains Barbara Demarest '83, clubs field 
representative. "We're moving to a commit- 
tee format, rather than an officer set-up." 

Marketing expert Harry L. Nolan '64 
wrapped up the alumni clubs final afternoon 
session by talking about a club survey he con- 
ducted in Atlanta and how it can be adapted 
to other clubs. "When using a similar survey 
for your own club," Demarest says, "along with 
the prototype, club program planning is 
easier and more directed to the needs of area 

In their afternoon session, AAAC partici- 
pants reviewed three mock applications and 
observed staged interviews. Conducted by 
Mike Woodard '81, former admissions office 
assistant director, the group broke off into 
committees to read applications. Woodard— 
now assistant director for reunions in the 
alumni office— then led them through the 
steps in evaluating pertinent information, 
from recommendations to personal essays. 
Each committee made a choice. Woodard 
then explained what factors led to final 

Two interviews were played before the 
group to show them possible extremes— the 
shy, reticent student and the active, talkative 
one. Woodard reviewed interview tech- 
niques to teach methods of drawing out in- 
formation and personalities. "Don't start 
with a subject from- the card," he told the 
group. "You should try to get beyond paper 
credentials onto a personal level, away from 
'interview' to conversation. Asking hypo- 
thetical questions can also be effective." 

After "classes" were over, participants were 
rewarded, like most good students, with extra- 
curricular activity: a pregame buffet and a 
night football game in which Duke beat 
Ohio University, 34-13. As Lee Clark Johns 
'64, president of a newly formed alumni club 
in Tulsa, Oklahoma, wrote: "In short, the 
leadership conference was fun, well organ- 
ized, thorough, encouraging, and a big 


Write: Class Notes Editor, Alumni Affairs, 
Duke University, 614 Chapel Dr., Durham, N.C. 

News of alumni who have received grad- 
uate or professional degrees but did not 
attend Duke as undergraduates appears 
under the year in which the advanced 
degree was awarded. Otherwise the year 
designates the person's undergraduate 


Marion Smith Lewis '18 received the honorary 
degree doctor of humanities from The Citadel at 
commencement exercises in Charleston, S.C He and 
his wife, Nancy, have fout daughtets and eleven 


Robert E. Hayes '31 was the guest of honot at an 
appreciation dinner at Lees-McRae College, recogniz- 
ing "his dedicated and unflinching service and sup- 
port of the Edgat Tufts Memorial Association and its 

Daniel N. Stewart Jr. '31 was tecognized by the 
American Academy of Family Physicians for his 35 
years of service to the association. He and his wife, 
Nan, have two children. 

Dorothy Eaton Sample '33 is state representa- 
tive to the Florida House of Representatives in 

John L. Moorhead '35, ownet of John L. 
Moothead Advertising/Public Relations, has sold his 
Durham-based agency. He and his wife, Harriett 
Wannamaker Moorhead '34, have three 
daughters, including Joanna Moorhead '71. 

Carlos D. Moseley '35 received an honorary 
degree, doctor of humane letters, at Duke's com- 
mencement exercises in May. He is chairman of the 
board of the New York Philharmonic. 

Donald H. Jacobs A.M. '37 recently invented 
the Smith &. Wesson 659, a pistol he designed for 
easier loading and firing. The presidenc of Jacobs In- 
strument Co. Ltd., he also imports from China 
Broomhandle Mauser pistols, which he sells to col- 
lectors. He lives in Victotia, B.C., Canada. 


Richard G. Connar '41, M.D. '44 has been named 
vice president for medical affairs at the University of 
South Flotida. 

Will E. Hayes M.Ed '41 was awarded an honorary 
doctor of humane letters degree at Jersey City State 
College's commencement exercises. He and his wife, 
Barbara, live at Hope Ranch, Santa Barbara, Calif. 

W. Lyles Jr. '41 was chosen by Time 
magazine and the National Automobile Dealers 
Association as one of the finalists for Time's Quality 
Dealet Awatd. This award recognizes distinguished 


Treasure— "a magic 
word," says 
Frank Sedwick 
'45. "Pirates come to 
mind, sunken galleons, 
tropical beaches, in- 
stant wealth if you can 
find it. Gold." 

Sedwick is a numis- 
matist, a professional 
coin collector with a 
specialty in treasure 
coins. What began as a 
hobby during thirty 
years as a professor of 
Spanish language and 
literature is now his 
vocation. Five years 
ago, he says, "I wearied 
of the routine of 
academe. I was itching 
to discover whether a 
liberal-artsy type could 
make it in what stu- 
dents call 'the real 
world.' So, at a late age, 
I darted from the game 
preserve into the 

Coins, says Sedwick, 
represent a blend of art, 
history, and economics. 
His extensive knowl- 
edge of Spanish history 
adds a romantic touch 
to his sometimes dan- 
gerous dealings in an- 
cient coins of the 
realm. "The Spaniards 
extracted from their 
New World colonies a 
significant portion of 
all the gold to come out 
of the earth since the 
beginning of civiliza- 
tion—and left as much 
as a quarter of it on the 
bottom of the ocean in 

"Most of this gold- 
and silver, too— was in 
the form of coins that 
numismatists call 'cobs,' 
specimens of mosdy 
irregular shape pro- 

duced in quantity by 
the Spanish New World 
mints from the early 
1600s until the late 

According to Sed- 
wick, the word "cob" is 
probably an English 
imitation of the Spanish 
cabo, from the phrase 
cabo de barra: end of 
the bar. "When sheets 
of refined gold or silver 
emerged still warm 
from the furnace, they 
were snipped by 
workers with metal 
shears, clipping from 
the end of the bar to 
create planchets, or 
blanks, of haphazard 
contour whose main 
technical requirement 
was correct weight." 

Planchets were then 
hammered into dies 
that imprinted a design, 
but they were rough, 
some with split edges. 
With each new mint 
year, says Sedwick, a 
few specimens of most 
denominations were 
trimmed to be as round 
as possible and struck 
with care from specially 
prepared dies. "Such a 
coin," says Sedwick, 
"was intended to be a 
presentation piece for 
the king of Spain or one 
of his nobles of highest 
rank. And for that rea- 
son, the coin was called 
a 'royal.' Royals, being 
very rare, sell for very 
high prices in the col- 
lector world— as high as 
$25,000 to $50,000 for 
an 8-escudo royal." 

The largest denomi- 
nation in the rough, 
gold cob was the "dou- 
bloon," or 8 escudos, 
weighing approximate- 

ly 27 grams (a troy 
ounce is 31.1 grams). 
For silver, it was 8 
reales, commonly 
known as "pieces of 
eight." Each was about 
90 percent pure. Ac- 
cording to Sedwick, 
today's going price for a 
doubloon is $2,500, 
and for a piece of eight, 
about $100. 

Smaller denomina- 
tions were also minted 
in 4, 2, or 1 escudo or 
reales, all of proportion- 
ate weight. Says Sed- 
wick: "Two pieces of 
eight were the value of 
1 escudo, based on the 
now outmoded ratio of 
16 to 1 between silver 
and gold. An ordinary 
seaman on a Spanish 
galleon was paid a few 
reales per month. With 
a doubloon, one could 
have bought a cow. 
With the intrinsic value 
of a doubloon today, 
one can still buy a cow, 
and therein lies a les- 
son in hard-money 

Most coins were 
melted down when they 
reached Spain or sent 
on to financial capitals 
to be converted into 
credits which financed 
wars, supported the 
luxurious royal courts, 
or bought more ships, 
"to be sunk with their 
cargoes," says Sedwick. 
The coins that survive 
today in the numis- 
matic and jewelry mar- 
kets came from ship- 
wrecks, "like the 
wrecks of the Spanish 
fleet of 1715, destroyed 
off the east coast of 
Florida by a hurricane." 

As for the vast prom- 

ise of the Spanish 
treasure ship Atocha, 
found in July off the 
Florida keys, Sedwick 
is doubtful: "The ship 
sunk in 1622 southwest 
of Key West. Despite 
the enormous publicity 
of the find, this ship 
will not yield dou- 
bloons unless they were 
minted in Spain and 
were part of the ship's 
treasury, or were the 
individual property of 
rich passengers and 
merchants. The first 
mint of the Americas 
authorized to turn out 
gold coinage was in 
Bogota, in the same 
year, 1622. And the 
initial production was 
small and limited to the 
denomination of 2 

Sedwick's work takes 
him all over the United 
States and Europe to 
coin conventions and 
auctions. And there's 
an element of danger: 
the risk of being robbed 
heading to and from 
coin shows, and of 
being injured in offbeat 
locales searching for 
rarities (he once paid 
$30,000 for a single 

"There's also the risk 
in dealing with divers — 
their rivalries and 
feuds - and the possibil- 
ity of arrest by Latin 
American countries 
whose customs inspec- 
tors and police often 
make their own import- 
export rules or expect 

"And all for lost 


For nearly thirty- 
seven years, 
Mattie Under- 
wood Russell Ph.D. '56 
has been a familiar face 
to the thousands of 
scholars using the 
manuscript department 
at Duke's Perkins 

Even though she re- 
tired in May from her 
job as curator of manu- 
scripts, the legacy of 
"Miss Mattie"— as she 
was known to many— 
will be evident for a 
long time to come. 

When her career with 
the library began, Per- 
kins' manuscript hold- 
ings numbered barely 
one million. The col- 
lection has since grown 
to more than 7 million 
items. Four endowment 
funds have been estab- 
lished for acquiring 
manuscripts, she says. 
And, she adds, some 
"very significant collec- 
tions'' have been contri- 
buted to the depart- 

ment by Duke 
alumni— among them, 
Pulitzer Prize-winning 
author William Styron 
'47 and entrepreneur 
and philanthropist 
Harry L. Dalton '16, a 
lifelong collector of art, 
books, and manuscripts. 

Russell's main role 
with the manuscript 
department was to im- 
prove access to the col- 
lections, which she 
accomplished through 
refinements in cata- 
loguing. "While many 
other repositories have 
substantial holdings, 
few provide as detailed 
a level of control over 
the contents of their 
collections as does the 
manuscript depart- 
ment," says William 
Erwin, librarian and 
assistant curator of 
manuscripts. "The use 
of this fine cataloguing 
has been considerably 
enhanced by an intan- 
gible quality that 
Mattie Russell has 

always fostered: an 
eagerness and energy 
among her staff to 
assist researchers 
whether they be under- 
graduates or notable 

Russell was born on a 
Mississippi farm and 
received her under- 
graduate degree from 
the University of 
Mississippi. She then 
taught high school his- 
tory and spent her 
summers studying at 
Mississippi for a 
master's, which she re- 
ceived in 1940. She 
wanted to pursue her 
doctorate in history 
and came to Duke in 
1943. "I took a great 
chance giving up my 
teaching job," she re- 
calls. "When you're 
young, you take 
chances if you're going 
to get anywhere." 

She began summer 
school at Duke in 1943, 
left to teach at Mars 
Hill College, and re- 

turned in 1946 as a full- 
time doctoral student. 
While working on her 
degree, she became 
assistant curator of 
manuscripts in 1948, 
and was named curator 
four years later. 

Elvin E. Stroud, 
former university 
librarian, presented to 
the manuscript depart- 
ment, in Russell's 
honor, the diaries of 
HJ. Gow, an English- 
woman who visited 
settlement houses in 
Canada, Boston, New 
York, Philadelphia, and 
Chicago, and recorded 
her impressions of the 
work being done there. 
Stroud also announced 
the establishment of 
the Mattie Underwood 
Russell Endowment 
Fund, which will sup- 
port acquisition and 
preservation of manu- 
scripts pertaining to the 
history and culture of 
North, Central, and 
South America. 

automobile dealers who are considered valued citizens 
in their communities. He is the president of Lyles 
Chevrolet Co. and Transco, Inc. and Lyles American 
in High Point, N.C. 

i R. Mattocks J.D. '41 has been named 
1984 recipient of the Frank Porter Graham Award in 
recognition of his contributions to civil liberties. 
From 1948 to 1965, he was the sole representative of 
the American Civil Liberties Union in North 

Carl Horn Jr. '42, J.D. '47 was elected to the board 
of directors of First Security Financial Corp. in Salis- 
bury, N.C. 

George JemiSOn Ph.D. '42, a resident of Roque 
Valley Manor retirement community, became presi- 
dent of the Resident's Auxilary of the Oregon Associa- 
tion of Homes for the Aging. The retired forester is 
prote>M>r emeritus at Oregon State University. 

Worth J. "Rusty" Young A.M. '42 received 
Emory and Henry College's Alumnus of the Year 
award. He retired in 1972 as emeritus professor of 

W. Proctor Harvey M.D. '43, in collaboration 

with Maurice Wright '72, is composing an orches- 
tral piece based on the sounds of the human heart. 

D. Knight A.M. '43, Ph.D. '50, a professor 

at the University of California-Berkeley, was elected 
to the National Academy of Sciences, considered one 
of the highest honors an American scientist can 
achieve. In addition, he was chosen as a fellow to the 
American Academy ot Arts and Sciences in the field 
of physics. 

John L. Imhoff B.S.M.E. '45, professor of indus- 
trial engineering at the University of Arkansas, was 
honored in a ceremony which dedicated a chair in his 
name. The "Imhoff Chair" recognizes his 28 years of 
service to the university. 

Hubert K. Clark B.S.E. '47, assistant director for 
systems engineering at NASA's Langley Research Cen- 
ter, will retire after 33 years of governmental service. 
He and his wife, Georgia, have three children and live 
in Newport News, Va. 

Laura Schwarz Cramer '47 received the Sales 
Executive of the Year award from the Sea Pines Real 
Estate Co. of South Carolina. 

Mary Bright Butcher Hallam A.M. '49 and 
her husband, William, received the Founders Award 
from West Virginia Wesleyan College for "a partner- 
ship in education which represents ninety-three and 
one half years" of dedication to the school. 

Charles W. Temples Sr. '49 was elected 1985 
chairman of the Eye Bank Association of America, a 
non-profit association of eye banks which provide eye 
tissue for surgery and research. 


Doris Miller Blount '50 is a social worker with 
the Department of Public Social Services in Panorama 
City, Calif. She and her husband, Gerald R. 
Bount Jr. '50, live in Reseda, Calif. 

Thomas Edmunds Fits M.D. '50 is president of 
the N.C. Boatd of Medical Examiners. He and his 
wife, Frances, have four children and live in Hickory, 

Jay Goldman B.S.M.E. '50 was appointed dean of 
the engineering school at the University of Alabama- 
Birmingham. He was chairman of the department of 
industrial engineering at the University of Missouri at 
Columbia. He and his wife, Renitta, live in Mountain 

Fred A. McNeer Jr. '50 was promoted to senior 
vice president for real estate lending at NCNB Na- 
tional Bank in Charlotte, N.C. 

Joe R. Phillips B.S.M.E. '51 retired as executive 
vice president of the government products division at 
Pratt and Whitney, where he worked for 34 years. 

William A. Brackney '52 has written "Post- 
Mortem Income Tax Planning," an article published 
in the December '84 issue of The Practical Accountant. 

F. Hopper '52 was elected vice president 
of marketing services for United States Gypsum Co., i 
holding company that manages nine operating sub- 
sidiaries. He and his wife, Barbara, live in Naperville, 


Dante Germino '52 was honored at the 39th an- 
niversary of the Durham Herald-Sun Papers Golf 
Tournament Championship, where the Flight Trophy 
was dedicated in his name. He was one of the 
founders of the tournament in 1940 and served as its 
executive director until this year. 

Hugus Jr. '52 directs corporate financial 
and legal management at Barry, Persky and Co., Inc., 
an executive search firm in Westport, Conn. He and 
his wife, Elizabeth, have three children and live in 
Weston, Conn. 

W. Lee Noel '52 has been appointed associate dean 
for business affairs at Duke's Fuqua School of Business. 

Ralph Seely B.S.E. '52, associate professor of engi- 
neering research at Pennsylvania State University, 
received the 1985 Barash Award for Human Services, 
recognizing his contribution to "human causes, public 
service activities and organizations, and welfare to 
other humans." 

Robert R. Hall '53 has been named senior vice 
president of Barclays American Corp., a financial 
services company. 

Thomas T. Miller '53 has been appointed vice 
president of purchasing at McCormick and Co., Inc., 
an international producer of seasonings, flavorings, 
and specialty foods. He and his wife, Susan, live in 
Cockeysville, Md., and have three sons. 

Sheldon Westervelt B.S.E. '53 was appointed 
national chairman of the Facilities Committee by the 
U.S. Tennis Association. He is director of engineering 
at MMI, Inc, a firm which provides consulting ser- 
vices to tennis and sports facilities. He, his wife, and 
their daughter live in Manasquan, N.J. 

Fred A. Shabel '54 is chairman of the board and 
president of the Spectator, which manages the 

Spectrum, the Philadelphia Flyers, Spectator Manage- 
ment Inc., SpectaGuard, Spectrum Showcase Stores, 
and Ovations. He was assistant basketball coach at 
Duke from 1957-1963 and recipient of the Duke 
Alumni Award. 

Gary Stein '54, J.D. '56, director of Gov. Thomas 
Kean's Office of Policy and Planning, became a justice 
for the Supreme Court of New Jersey in November '84. 

Irwin Fridovich Ph.D. '55 received the A. Cressy 
Morrison Award in Natural Sciences at the New York 
Academy of Sciences' 167th annual meeting. He is a 
James B. Duke professor of biochemistry. 

G. Dudley Humphrey Jr. '55 has written Busi- 
ness Entities, a book explaining the setting up and 
handling of various business entities according to 
North Carolina law practice. He is a partner in the 
Winston-Salem law firm Petree, Stockton, Robinson, 
Vaughn, Glaze and Maready. 

Lewis McNurlen Ph.D. '55, professor of sociology 
at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, was named 
Outstanding Undergraduate Teacher of the Year for 

W. Moll '56 is dean of admissions ; 

University of California at Santa Cruz. 

Betty B. Dorton B.S.M.E. '57, former ; 
principal at Durham High School, has joined the Eno 
division office of Allenton Realtors as a sales 

LeDare Hurst Thompson '57 works at the Cen- 
ter for Development Disabilities of the University of 
South Carolina. She and her husband, David, live in 

James W. Vaughan Jr. B.S.E.E. 57 is principal 

deputy assistant secretary at the U.S. Department of 
Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy. He and his wife, 

Frances Smith Vaughan '57, have two 


Richard V. "Dick" Holloman '58 was named 
director of corporate communications for the Brian 
Center Corp., which owns, operates, or manages 23 
health care facilities in five states. He and his wife, 
Joyce, have three children and live in Alexander 
County, N.C. 

Charlotte McDougal Wilkinson 53, junior 

counselor at C.E. Jordan Senior High School in 
Durham, received the Luther Taff School Counselor 
of the Year Award. She and her two sons live in 
Chapel Hill. 

Duke Annual Fund volunteers are a team with a 
winning record. These hard-working team mem- 
bers have raised more than $35 million in 
unrestricted operating support for Duke over the 
past 38 years. 

The 1985-86 team has more than 400 players, 
each of whom shares a common goal to help 

Duke be its best. Through Annual Fund gifts, 
alumni, parents and friends have an opportunity 
to contribute to educational excellence at Duke. 
Show your support by saying "yes" when a mem- 
ber of the team calls or writes you. Or send a 
contribution directly to the Duke Annual Fund, 
2127 Campus Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706. 

cyfe/l, lofceddtw <z#id ^rZ&c&cAs 



Specializing in: 



DURHAM (919) 489-7426 

CHAPEL HILL (919) 967-5900 

RALEIGH (919) 828-0240 

Anita Eagle '59, formerly an administrator at 
Princeton University, has become executive director 
of the League of Humanities, a consortium of colleges 
to support humanities education. She has three chil- 
dren and lives in Princeton, N.J. 

Charles Allen Johnson '59, M.D. '64 has been 
elected to fellowship in the American College of 

Karl D. Straub '59, M.D. '65, Ph.D. '68 was 
awarded a 1984 fellow award from the Arkansas 
Museum of Science and History for his contributions 
in the field of science. 


hen Doug 
took over a 
foundering night club 
in Anchorage, Alaska, 
a few years back, he 
knew he had to find a 
special niche in the 

First, he designed a 
newspaper ad playing 
up the club's colorful 
past: "Formerly the Idle 
Hour, VFW Post 1685, 
the Lakeshore Club, 
the Fancy Moose, the 
Red Baron, the Flying 
Machine Mexican 
Restaurant, the Co- 
Pilot Club, and the Oar 
House. Going out of 
business regularly in 
the same location for 
over thirty years," his 
ad proclaimed. 

Then, he set about 
building the club's culi- 
nary reputation. Today, 
his Mr. Whitekey's Fly- 
By-Night Club has its 
niche. The house spe- 
cial: anything with 
Spam is half-price 
when ordered with 
champagne, and the 
Spam is free with Dom 

Haggar, who majored 
in psychology, has an 
uncanny knack for 
marketing his club 
around the canned 
meat product. When 
he isn't running the 
place and stocking the 
larder with Spam, he's 
wearing his Spam T- 
shirt and performing 
on keyboard with the 
Fabulous Spamtones, 

the Fly-By-Night's in- 
house, rock-and-roll 
band. He's known as 
Mr. Whitekeys when- 
ever he's playing the 
piano, organ, or synthe- 
siser. The group is re- 
cording an album; 
some of the cuts are 
already in the can. 

But when the Spam 
story got around by 
word of mouth, it 
wasn't long before the 
corporate attorney for 
George A. Hormel and 
Company, maker of 
Spam, dashed off a 
"cease and desist" letter 
to Haggar— addressed 

to Mr. Whitekeys. The 
letter warned that 
Spam is an exclusive 
trademark owned by 
Hormel and Company, 
and the Spamtones had 
best find a new name. 
(For a short time after- 
wards, the group be- 
came the Sp*mtones). 
Haggar promptly fea- 
tured the letter in one 
of his club ads and the 
response was immedi- 
ate. "Just the other 
night, one of our cus- 
tomers walked up to 
me and said, 1 think 
Hormel is full of 
baloney!,'" Haggar 


Present the World's First 

to Hormel's at- 
torney. "It's a fabulous 
line and it's all yours. 
Please pass it along to 
your public relations 
department." He signed 
the note, W. Keys, boss. 

"We refused to 
knuckle under to a 
mere meat company," 
Haggar says. "They 
knew when they were 
whipped, and they have 
slunked away. They've 
given up." He holds no 
grudges. "I've always 
liked Spam," he says. 
"I've even toured the 
plant in Austin, 

So Haggar, his wife 
Judith, and daughter 
Jenny, have returned to 
a peaceful life in 
Anchorage. And the 
Fly-By-Night Club con- 
tinues to develop its 
unique cuisine and 
tropical ambience. "We 
have a complete set of 
four, full-sized, satin 
palm trees," says 
Haggar. "All the 
greatest clubs have had 
palm trees— the 
Copacabana, Rick's 
American Cafe, even 
Ricky Ricardo's club." 

But Haggar's night 
spot still has its own 
niche. As he points out, 
"Where else can you 
find a club serving the 
finest French cham- 
pagne available and a 
damn fine plate of 

B. Boyd Might '60 was named e 
i dent and general counsel of Santa Fe In 

Corp., which engages in oil and gas exploration and 
production. He and his wife, Mary Kay Boyd 

'62, live in Santa Monica, Calif, and have 

M. Katz M.D. '60 participated in the 
National Identification Program Forum for the Ad- 
if Women in Higher Education Adminis- 
This meeting, held in Washington, D.C., 
focused on the educational issues in medicine and the 
growing role of female physicians in positions of 

John F. Lovejoy Jr. '60 is director of Koger Co., 
which currently owns 143 office buildings in its 12 
suburban office parks. 

J. Thomas Menaker '60, J.D. '63, a partner in 
the Harrisburg, Pa., law firm McNees, Wallace and 
Nurick, was appointed chairman of the Pa. Bar 
House of Delegates. 

'61 has been selected to serve on 
the board of directors of Legal Services of North 
Carolina, a federally funded program which provides 
civil legal help for low-income citizens in 83 North 

Fred Chappel '61, A.M. '64 has been named co- 
winner of Yale University's Bollingen Prize in Poetry, 
presented to poets whose works "represent the highest 
achievement in the field of American poetry." 

Donald W. Metcalf '61 was appointed director of 
marketing at Strategic Marketing Systems, a market- 
ing and computer related services firm based in Holly- 
wood, Fla. 

Virginia Davis Bell '62 teaches music at 
Heathwood Hall Episcopal School in South Carolina. 
Her husband, John Bell Jr. '63, is executive vice 
president of Bankers Trust in Columbia, S.C. They 
have two children. 

Patricia B. Ireland '62, student council adviser 
at Towers High School in DeKalb County, Ga., was 
honored as Student Council Adviser of the Year at 
the annual conference of the Southern Association of 
Student Councils. 

Gary L. Wilson '62 has been appointed vice chair- 
man of the American Hotel and Motel Association's 
Industry Real Estate Advisory Council. 

Angela Davis-Gardner '63 was one of the fea- 
tured writers at the Crane's Creek Center of Cameron 
literary workshops in Cameron, N.C. She is the 
author of Felice, which won the 1980 N.C. Artist 
Fellowship in Writing. 

Ernest F. Godlove '63 was elected to the board of 
governors of the Okla. Bar Association. He is a part- 
ner in the law firm Godlove, Joyner, Mayhall and 
Dzialo, Inc. He lives in Lawton, Okla. 


Kermit L. Braswell M.Div. '64 has been ap- 
pointed chaplain to the N.C. House of Representa- 
tives. He is minister of Hayes Barton United 
Methodist Church in Raleigh and lives in Sanford, 
N.C, with his wife, Alice, and their daughter. 

Richard L. Capwell '64 has retired as professor of 
English at East Carolina University in Greenville, 
N.C, after 28 years. He lives in Greenville. 

Scott McGehee '64, managing editor of the 
Detroit Free Press, has been honored as a 1985 Head- 
liner by Women in Communications, Inc. The award 
recognizes "consistent and continuous excellence in 
the field of c 

T. Mitchell '64, professor of manage- 
ment and organization and of psychology at the Uni- 
versity of Washington in Seattle, was named Edward 
E. Carlson Distinguished Professor of Business 

'64, former Duke All-America forward 
and NBA all-star, was named athletic director and 
basketball coach at UNC-Charlotte. 

David Robinson II J.D '64 was named associate 
general counsel for West Coast operations at Xerox 
Corp. in El Segundo, Calif. He and his wife, Wylene, 
live in Studio City, Calif., with their children. 

John Whisnant '64 heads the clinical investiga- 
tion division of the immunology and oncology depart- 
ments at Burroughs Wellcome Co. in the Research 
Triangle Park, N.C. He has been with the company 
for 12 years and lives in Chapel Hill. 

James C. Whorton '64 is acting chairman of the 
department of biomedical history in the School of 
Medicine at the University of Washington-Seattle. 

Philip Pharr Th.M. '65, Ph.D. 73, professor of reli- 

gion at Pfeiffer College 
chairs the division of h 

William A. Roberts '65, vice president and 
regional loan administrator for South Carolina 
National Bank's Myrtle Beach area branches, is c 
executive of Myrtle Beach. 

L. Shlill '65 was elected president for 
1985-86 by members of the Texas Association of 
Obstetricians and Gynecologists at its annual 
meeting in Los Colinis, Texas. 

Richard D. Carmichael A.M. '66, Ph.D. '68 
represented Duke at the inauguration of the president 
of New Mexico State University. 

Dale R. Sessions Th.M. '66 is pastor of the First- 
Park Baptist Church in Plainfield, N.J. 

Martyn M. Caldwell Ph.D. '67 received the 1985 
D. Wynne Thome Research Award at Utah State 
University in Logan. 

Bruce Menning A.M. '67, Ph.D. '72, a specialist 
in Russian history, was named John F. Morrison Pro- 
fessor of Military History. This chairmanship involves 
a one-year appointment at the U.S. Army Command 
and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 

Anthony Barone '68, former Duke varsity basket- 
ball player, was named head basketball coach at 
Creighton University in Omaha, Neb. 

Lewis Campbell B.S.E. '68, general manufactur- 
ing manager at General Motors, received an honorary 
doctor of science degree from the University of 
Alabama at Tuscaloosa. He and his wife, Mary, have 
three children and live in Birmingham, Mich. 

Charles R. Fyfe '68, M.B.A. '74 was promoted to 
director of corporate performance services at Carolina 
Power and Light Co. in Raleigh, N.C. He and his wife, 

Patricia Bennett Fyfe 76, ha 

William R. Zuercher M.H.A. '68 was named 
business manager at Goshen College in Goshen, Ind. 
He and his wife, Joyce, have three children. 

Stephen Brooks '69 specializes in limited edition 
leather handbags, which feature exotic leathers and 
snakeskins. He and his wife, Jini Rambo '67, live 
in Pittsboro, N.C. 

Patricia A. Carlson A.M. '69 has been promoted 
from associate professor to professor of American 
literature at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in 
Terre Haute, Ind. 

Elizabeth E. Colford A.M. '69, Ph.D. 72 is 
assistant professor of modern languages at the Unifi- 
cation Theological Seminary in Barrytown, N.Y. She 
and her husband, Keug Jung Shin, have one son and 
live in Elizabeth, N.J. 

Richard G. Heintzelman M.F. 69 has com- 
pleted the requirements for a Chartered Financial 
Analyst charter, which assures that its recipient 
"possesses and maintains extensive fundamental 
knowledge and ethical standards" in his dealings with 
the investment industry. 

Paul Helminger Ph.D. '69 received the College of 
Arts and Sciences' Dean's Lecture Series Award at the 
University of South Alabama. He is a professor in the 
physics department at USA and lives with his wife, 
Sammy Hodges Helminger M.Ed '66, in 
Mobile, Ala. 

Steven E. Lindberg '69, research staff member in 
the environmental sciences division at Oak Ridge 
National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tenn, received the 
Divisional Scientific Achievement Award. He and his 
wife, Kay, have one daughter and live in Kinston, 

When things are done 
well, you notice. You 
notice The Sheraton 
University Center's attention to 
comfort. The relaxed elegance 
of the atrium lounge, the way 
the cool of 
the indoor 
pool and the 

— ^ You'll notice and ap 


service to the Research Triangle 
Park, the Raleigh-Durham Airport, 
and Duke Hospital. 

Enjoy Praline's southern-style 
charm, and Oliver's Signature 
Restaurant's continental cuisine. 
You'll notice and appreciate the 
service of 

Of Attention 

whirlpool's bubbles soothe 
worries away. 

You notice extra-fluffy pillows, 
thick, plentiful towels, oversized 
guest rooms. Twenty-four hour 
news, sports, and movies, and 
complimentary limousine 

our staff. 

The Sheraton University 
Center does things very well. 
That's why, in only one year, 
we've become the Center 
of Attention. 

15-501 By-Pass at Morreene Road, 

1 mile south of I-85 Durham, North Carolina 

For reservations call 800-325-3535 or 919-383-8575 

University Center 





James O'Toole M.A.T. '69 received a doctorate in 
education from the University of Delaware in 1984. 
He is associate principal at Dover High School in 
Dover, Del. He and his wife, Elaine, have two children. 

MARRIAGES: Dale R. Sessions Th.M. '66 to 
Norma Joy Smith on June 2 . . . Elizabeth E. 
Colford A.M. '69, Ph.D. 72 to Keug Jung Shin on 
October 14, 1982, in Seoul, Korea. Residence: 
Elizabeth, N.J. 

BIRTHS: First child and son to Elizabeth E. 
Colford A.M. '69, Ph.D. 72 and Keug Jung Shin on 
May 24, 1984. Named Seung Ho Edward David Shin. 

Linda K. Stokes 70 was elected second vice 
president and assistant general counsel-corporate for 
Northwestern National Life Insurance Co. in Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

James C. Mclntyre 71 was named director of 
development by Carnegie Hall's board of trustees in 
New York City. He has served as director of the cor- 
porate fund and director of the Campaign for 
Carnegie Hall. 

Richard G. Chaney 72, a partner in the Durham 
law firm Maggiolo and Chaney, was named Durham 
County District Court Judge by Gov. Jim Martin. 

Brenda Nevidjon B.S.N. 72 is manager of the 
Cancer Services Program at Providence Medical Cen- 
ter in Seattle, Wash. She was director of nursing at 
the Cancer Control Agency of British Columbia in 

Maurice Wright 72, a music professor at Temple 
University, was a guest artist in a public program in 
Durham which featured two of his electronic music 
compositions. In collaboration with W. Proctor 
Harvey M.D. '43, he is composing an orchestral 
piece based on the sounds of the human heart. 

Robert H. Brinkmeyer Jr. 73, associate profes- 
sor in the Center for Academic Enrichment at N.C. 


Michael Reynaud Geer B.S.E. 70, M.D. 75 was 
elected to fellowship in the American College of 
Cardiology. He is directot of the ECG Laboratory at 
Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas. 

Nicholas S. Gibson 70 is an associate with the 
Atlanta law firm Alston and Bird. 

Stephen D. Halliday 70 was named managing 
partner of the Newport News and Norfolk, Va., offices 
of Coopers and Lybrand. He and his wife have one 
son and live in Hampton, Va. 

Patty Delony Kester 70 is vice president of 
planning and development at the Hanes Group of 
Winston-Salem, N.C., which owns Hanes Hosiery, 
Hanes Knitwear, and Leggs Products. She and her 
husband, Jim, live in Winston-Salem. 

Sara G. Kirk land 70, director of development at 
Bucknell University, was named vice president for 
development at Susquehanna University in 
Selinsgrove, Pa. 

four-year term on the advisory board of Vermont 
Federal Bank in Randolph, Vermont. He is an attor- 
ney and partner in the Bethel law firm Case and 

Mark L. Gardner A.M. 72, visiting instructor in 
economics at Emory and Henry College, received a 
Ph.D. degree from Georgia State University. 

Robert Elliott Gentry 72, M.D. 76, assistant 
clinical professor of medicine at the University of 
Tennessee in Knoxville, has been elected to fellowship 
in the American College of Cardiology. 

Jeff F. Hockaday Ed.D. 72 was elected to a three- 
year term as council representative to the American 
Association of Community and Junior Colleges. 

Fran M. Johnson 72 was selected for recognition 
in Outstanding Young Women o/ America- 1 984 and 
Sucessful Florida Business Women-1984. 

Jeffrey J. Kraft 72 is vice president and head of 
National Westminstet Bank USA-New Jersey region. 
He and his wife, Donna, have two children and live in 
New Providence, N.J. 

Central University, took part in a National Endow- 
ment for the Humanities seminar this summer. His 
book, Three Catholic Writers of the Modern South, has 
been published by the Univetsity Press of Mississippi. 

Hugh L. Dukes Jr. M.Div. 73, a major in the 
U.S. Army, participated in Team Spirit '85, a field 
training exercise held in South Korea. 

Carl E. Lehman Jr. B.S.E. 74 is a management 
consultant for Touche Ross and Co. in Los Angeles, 
where he specializes in corporate finance and opera- 
tions practices. He lives in Pasadena, Calif. 

John R. Long 74 has joined Liggett and Myers 
Tobacco Co. of Durham as corporate counsel. 

John Moeller A.M. 74, Ph.D. 77 was promoted 
from assistant to associate professor of political science 
at Luther College in Decorah, Iowa. 

John A. Olshinski M.S.M. 74 is deputy adminis- 
trator of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Region 
II, headquartered in Atlanta. He and his wife, Judy, 
have two daughters and live in Marietta, Ga. 

Lao Rubert A.M. 74 was recognized by the N.C. 
Academy of Trial Lawyers as an "Outstanding Contti- 






C.C. Woods Construction Company, Chapel Hill Boulevard, Durham, North Carolina 


E. F. Hutton & Company Inc. 

E. F. Hutton 

people listen. 

EF Hutton & Company Inc 
2634 Chapel Hill Boulevard 
Suite 100 
Durham NC 27707 
Telephone (919) 493-5454 

1 (800) 627-0003 

1 (800) 334-0073 

P*^ -LisSSm 


iTTTTi 1 1 1 1 1 1 i ! i 

butor" for he 

k with the Prison and Jail Project in 
professor of surgery 

Susan L. Watts 74 

at Duke's medical school. 

Reginald J. Clark '75. J.D. '78 is an associate 
with the Atlanta law firm Sutherland, Ashill and 

Pamela Cunningham Hawkins 75 is super- 
visor in the telephone marketing and sales division of 
Ingram Distribution Group, Inc., a national distri- 
butor of books, video, and computer software. She and 
her husband, Ray, have one son and live in Nashville, 

Thomas E. Hendrick '75 is chief of surgical ser- 
vices at Francis E. Warren AFB Hospital in 
Cheyenne, Wyo. 

David F. Shutler '75 has been decorated with the 
US. Air Force Commendation Medal at RAF Fair- 
ford, England. The captain and his wife, Kathryn, 
have one daughter and live in Sun City, Ariz. 

Nancy Best M.Div. '76 has written The Birthing, a 
collection of poems. She lives in Four Oaks, N.C. 

Stephen Chapin '76 is assistant vice president of 
Manufacturers Hanover Trust Co.'s Merchant Banking 
Group. He and his wife, Deborah, have one son and 
live in Larchmont, N.Y. 

A. Dial 76 is product manager of 
Weight Watchers frozen dessert products for Heinz 

Suzanne Crist Dudley '76 is a vice president : 
NCNB National Bank in Charlotte, N.C. 

Neal J. Galinko B.S.E76, M.S. 78 is an internist 

in practice with the Rhode Island Group Health 
Association in Providence. He lives in Cranston, R.l. 

Marcellus C. Kirchner 76 is director of labor 
relations at Norfolk Southern, a railway company 
with headquarters in Norfolk, Va. He lives in Virginia 

Kenneth G. Miles '76 was named president of the 
New Hampshire Association of Purchasing Manage- 
ment. Senior procurement specialist at Wang Labora- 
tories, Inc., he lives in Milford, N.H., with his wife 
and three sons. 

David E. Lupo 76, M.Div. '83 is associate minister 
at Carteret Street United Methodist Church in 
Beaufort, N.C. 

William L. Tozier B.H.S. 76 has been promoted 
to the rank chief warrant officer 111 in the U.S. Army. 
He is stationed in Fort Campbell, Ky. 

Wendy Zeilman-Liotti 76 received her master's 
of fine arts from Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, N.Y. She 
is director of the Cathedral School Art Academy of 
Garden City, Long Island, which she founded seven 
years ago. She and her husband, Thomas, live in 
Westbury, L.I., N.Y., and have two children. 

Stephen M. Barron 77, a captain in the U.S. Air 
Force, has been decorated with the Air Medal at Pope 
Air Force Base, N.C, for "meritorious achievement 
while participating in aerial flight." 

Lee A. Burnett 77 has been promoted to assistant 
vice president in Connecticut National Bank's cor- 
porate banking division. She is head of the cash 
management sales department and lives in Spring- 
dale, Conn. 

James F. Graumlich '77 is a chief resident in 
internal medicine at Tripler Army Medical Center. 
He and his wife, Peggy Lee, have one son and live in 
Honolulu, Hawaii. 

Kenneth B. Keels Jr. B.S.E. '77 has been pro- 
moted to industrial marketing specialist in Duke 



for your 


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Power Co.'s marketing department. He and his wife, 
Nancy, have one son. 

H. Kofol 77 completed a surgical resi- 
dency at Akron City Hospital in Akron, Ohio, and 
has established a partnership in general surgery in 
Massillon, Ohio. 

Freda L. Shillinger B.S.N. 77 has been named 
head nurse and administrative coordinator of the 
coronary care unit at Hahnemann Hospital in 

M.D. 77,ofPensacola, Fla., 
has been granted a fellowship in the American Col- 
lege of Cardiology. 

Neil W. Trask M.D. 77 has been elected to fellow- 
ship in the American College of Cardiology. He has a 
private practice in Myrtle Beach, S.C. 

Fredric Blum 78 is an intern in pediatrics at New 
York University's Bellevue Medical Center. 

Francis Wesley Newman B.S.E.E. 78 is direc- 
tor of the department of special events and conference 
services at Duke. 

M. Nordlinger 78 is ; 

president in the commercial and residential real estate 
division at Riggs National Bank in Washington, DC. 
She and her husband, Douglas, live in Bethesda, Md. 

L. Saloman III 78 is a Navy flight 
instructor at NAS Whiting Field, Milton, Fla. His 
wife, Monica Briggs Salomon '80, is an ac- 
countant with Bizzell, Kopack and Neff in Pensacola, 

C. Butkus M.B.A. 79 was promoted to 
senior planning manager of IBM in the Research 
Triangle Park, N.C. 

Coats B.S.E. 79 is a computer 
programmer for Computer Science Corp. He and his 
wife, Jean, live in Durham. 

Michael M. Graves M.B.A. 79 is an investment 
officer at Planned Management Co. in Charlotte, 
N.C. He and his wife live in Greensboro. 

David Garman 79 was promoted to chief of 
administration for U.S. Senator Frank Murkowski of 
Alaska. He lives in Alexandria, Va. 

M. "Skipper" Johnstone 79 is a stu- 
dent at East Carolina University's medical school. He 
and his wife, Melissa, have one son and live in 
Greenville, N.C. 

King M.Ed. 79 retired after nine years as 
principal of E.K. Powe Elementary School in 
Durham. She was employed with the Durham city 
schools for 25 years. She plans to travel with her 
husband, Bob. 

Philip T. Klingelhofer 79 is assistant vice presi- 
dent in the retail banking division of Riggs National 
Bank in Washington, DC. His responsibilities include 
branch operation and consumer and commercial lend- 
ing. He lives in Arlington, Va. 

K. Ruth M.D. 79, a specialist in pul- 
monary medicine, has opened a practice in Burling- 
ton, N.C, where he will also provide services in 
general internal, allergy, and critical-care medicine. 
He and his wife, Patricia, live in Mebane. 

G. Spanarkel 79, former Duke basket- 
ball player, is an account executive with Merrill Lynch 
in Paramus, N.J. 

Spitznagel B.S.E. 79 left her 
position as senior automation engineer with Allied 
Bendix Aerospace to start a technical communica- 

Make Reservations 
Without Reservations. 

At the Durham Hilton Inn. we've 
done everything we can to make 
your visit as comfortable as 

We completely renovated and 
redecorated all 140 guest rooms 
and "Executive Level." Each room 
now has brand new cherry Drexel 
furniture. Bright, new draperies 
and carpet. Everything is sparkling 
fresh and clean. At the Durham Hilton 
you go first class. 

"The Executive Level" 

We have the "Executive Level" 
especially for our guests who enjoy 
additional luxury, comfort and con 
veniences like complimentary 
continental breakfast, daily 
newspapers delivered to 
your room, keyed elevator 

for privacy and security, and pre- 
registration for quick check-ins. 

Burley's Lounge 

Burley's is Durham's most 
elegant lounge. 

The Solarium 

The Solarium is a grand 
meeting and dining room with 
seating for up to 55 . 

Colonial Room 

The beautifully appointed 

dining room open for breakfast. 

lunch and dinner. 

Combine all this with the best 

reservation system in the country. 

and you can see why you can make 

ations at the Durham Hilton Inn 
without reservations. 


tions business. She and her husband, Kim, live in 
Carrolton, Texas. 

David W. Starr 79 is vice president of Chittenden 
Bank in Burlington, Vt., where he also serves as a 
commercial loan officer. He and his wife, Jessica, live 
in Shelbume and have one son. 

MARRIAGES: Barbara Ann Hix 75 to Eric 
Richard Teagarden 75 on June 8. Residence: 
Durham . . . Nina E. Savin 77 to William W. 
Scott on December 17, 1984 . . . Robert Steven 

Coats B.S.E. 79 to Jean Catherine Gladden on May 
18. Residence: Durham. 

BIRTHS: Second daughter to Lynne Darby 
Morris 70 and Dwight A. Morris 70 on March 
8. Named Beth Darby ... A daughter to Fran M. 
Johnson 72 and John Parke Wright on March 9. 
Named Leila Frances ... A son to Sue George 
Neal 72 and Douglas B. Neal on Jan. 16. Named 
Justin Douglas . . . First son to Renee Johnson 
Tyson 74 and Joseph B. Tyson Jr. on May 22. Named 
J. Benjamin III . . . First child and son to Peter A. 
Graybill 75 and Didi Segalind Graybill 75 on 
April 8. Named Evan Peter . . . First child and 
daughter to Thomas E. Hendrick 75 on Oct. 
18, 1984. Named Katherine Elizabeth . . . Twins, a 
boy and girl, to Wendy Zeilman-Liotti 76 and 
Thomas Liotti on May 25. Named Louis Joseph and 
Carole Lynne . . . First child and son to Ferdinand 
III 78 and Monica Briggs 
) on May 5, 1984. Named Christopher 
Lewis . . . First child and daughter to Walker 
Anderson Mabe 79 and John I. Mabe on Dec. 
12, 1984. Named Sarah Jenson. 


Timothy W. Jackson '80 received a Certificate 
in Management Accounting from the National Associa- 
tion of Accountants. He is assistant manager of manu- 
facturing cost controls at Liggett and Myers Tobacco 
Co. in Durham. 

Alan M. Kanaski M.F. '80 is forest pathologist for 
the Forest Protection Division of the Oregon State 
Department of Forestry in Salem, Ore. 

Cynthia H. Miller '80 is training in internal medi- 
cine at Greenwich Hospital in Greenwich, Conn. 
She and her husband, Matthew C. Leinung '80, 
live in Greenwich. 

John Shepard Parke III '80 has been named 
divisional sales manager for general merchandise with 
Georgia-Pacific Corp.'s Consumer Paper Products 
Division, Southern Region. He lives in Marietta, Ga. 

s a certified public 
with Bizzell, Kopack and Neff in 
Pensacola, Fla. Her husband, Ferdinand L. 
Salomon III 78, is a Navy flight instfuctor in 
Milton, Fla. They have one son. 

Richard E. Shaw '80, M.E.M. '84 is an environ- 
mental specialist for water resources with the N.C. 
Department of Natural Resources and Community 
Development in Raleigh, N.C. He lives in Durham. 

Lynn Hill Spragens '80 works in the Durham 
office of Carolina Securities Corp. 

received an area 
franchise agreement from Domino's Pizza stores which 
will allow him to build five Golden Gate Pizza Inc. 
stores in southern San Francisco. 

Tina S. Alster B.S.N. '81, a student at Duke's 
medical school, is training in dermatology. She and 
her husband, Gregory, live in Durham. 

J. Attaway '81 is a staff optometrist with 

the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute at the University of 
Miami. He is a graduate of the University of 
Houston's College of Optometry. 

Catherine E. Biersack '81, a graduate of the 
University of Virginia's medical school, will train in 
pediatrics at Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center in 
San Antonio, Texas. 

Sophia Mihe Chung '81, M.D. '85. a graduate of 

Duke's medical school, is completing an internship in 
internal medicine at Baylor College ot Medicine in 
Houston, Texas, where she will train in 

David Dolan '81 received a joint J.D./M.B.A. 
degree from the University of Chicago. He is an associ- 
ate with Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer and Feld in 
Dallas, Texas. 

Mary Margaret Gillin '81 is a member of the 
New York Junior League. 

Steve Hamm M.B.A. '81 is European controller at 
Atex, Inc., a supplier of software and computers for 
the text publishing and printing industries. His 
responsibilities in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, in- 
clude financial control, planning, and business 

Wanda M. Huffstetler '81 is a trust officer at 
Wachovia Bank and Trust in Raleigh, N.C. 

Larry N. Johnson '81, a graduate of the Medical 
College of Virginia, will train in internal medicine at 
Vanderbilt University. He lives in Nashville, Tenn. 

Cynthia Cline Kadinsky-Cade '81 received an 
M.B.A. degree from the University of Chicago. She is 
a financial consultant with Arthur Andersen and Co. 
in Chicago. 

Wendy Kilworth-Mason M RE. 

the Sarah P. Herndon Award for Excellence in Teach- 
ing and Service at Florida State University. She has 
completed all tequirements for her Ph.D. in humani- 
ties and has returned to England to work as a teacher. 

N. Scott Litofsky '81, a graduate of the University 
of Texas' medical school, will train in neurosurgery at 
the University of Southern California. 

Mark Samuel Litwin '81 graduated from Emory 
University's medical school and will train in general 
surgery and urology. 

John R. Marshall B.S.E. '81 received an M.B.A. 
degree from Harvard Business School. He is employed 
with Maryland National Bank in Baltimore. 

John "Jock" McKinley BSE. '81 is an engineer 
with Westinghouse Electronics in Baltimore, Md. His 
wife, Kathryn Smith McKinley '82, is working 
on her M.A.T and teaching high school English. 
They live in Catonsville, Md. 

Joseph Raleigh Megale '81 graduated from 
Hofstra Law School and serves as district attorney in 
Nassau County, N.Y. 

Mark Edward Scheitlin '81 was promoted to 
lieutenant in the U.S. Navy. He is a plans and sche- 
duling officer for Trident Submarine Operations in 
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 

L.H. Whelchel Jr. Ph.D. '81 is the author of M? 
Chains Fell Off, which addresses the issue of slavery by 
focusing on the life and works of William Wells 
Brown, a fugitive abolitionist. Whelchel lives in 
Dayton, Ohio, and is minister at Phillips Temple 
Chtistian Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Jennifer P. Ziska '81, J.D. '84 attends UNC- 
Chapel Hill's medical school. 

J. Jon Brophy '82 is a patent examiner for the 

Patent and Trademark office. His wife, Lynne 
Laurence Russell '84. is a clinical nurse at 
Fairfax Hospital. They live in Fairfax, Va. 

Amanda D. Darwin '82, a graduate of Boston 
University's law school, is an associate with the 
Knoxville, Tenn., law firm Heiskell, Donelson, 
Bearman, Adams, Williams and Kirsch. 

Elizabeth Hinzelman Fortino BSE. '82 
received a master's degree in electrical engineering 
from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is 
employed with IBM in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. She and 
her husband. Ronald, live in Hyde Park. N.Y. 

David P. Griffith '82 has been promoted to first 
lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps. He and his wife, 
Sandy, live in Cherry Point, N.C. 

Veronica Karaman '82 received a full-year 
Beazley Scholarship to the Christian Broadcasting 
Network University. She is enrolled in a communica- 
tion/biblical studies degree program. She recently 
spent a yeat touring with the Professional Women's 
Golf Circuit. 

Robert Scott McCartney '82 is news editor of 
the Associated Press wire service in Dallas, Texas. He 
and his wife. Karen Blumenthal '81. live in 

D. Bruce McDonald '82 is head of corporate 
banking functions at NCNB National Bank in Hills- 
borough, N.C. 

Kathryn Smith McKinley '82 is working on her 
M.A.T. at Johns Hopkins University while she teaches 
high school English. Her husband, John 'Mock" 
McKinley '81, is an engineer with Westinghouse 
Electronics. They live in Catonsville, Md. 


CHESSON REALTi' has been serving the Durham region 
in the marketing of residential resales and new develop- 
ments for lb years jnd now stands as one of the largest real 
estate firms in Durham. 

The reason for this growth is our dedication to serving the 
needs of individual home buyers and sellers, as well as the 
builders and developers of this region. Our agents are 
professionally trained to listen. They know the financial 
markets and properties available in the region. We have a 
computer assisted contact sv*m h >r prospective buyers 
and professional marketing capabilities for design of special 
promotions for single properties or large developments. 
Recentlv. C7/£.«a\/c£-im'announced the formation of 
a NEW HOMES DIVISION to better serve builders and 
developers- This division, comprised of four CHESSON 
PROFESSIONALS, offers builders full-time, on site staffing 
of developments, as well .is professional assistance with 
marketing and promotion. 

If you are looking to buv ot sell one home, or 1.000 
homes, call the CHESSON PROFESSIONALS We are eager 







JUNE 8-21, 1986 

From Copenhagen sail to Stockholm, Helsinki, Leningrad, 
Hamburg, Amsterdam and Copenhagen. Duke Extras. Cabins 
start at $2834 per person; round trip airfare $775 Raleigh/ 


For further information, contact: 

Barbara Delapp Booth ('54) 
Director Alumni Travel 


Academic Arrangements Abroad 
26 Broadway, New York, NY. 10004 

Ships of Norwegian Registry 


Vi OWNERSHIP in condo on ski slope ar Sugar Moun- 
rain. Sleeps 6, 2 years old. Indoor swimming pool, spa, 
fireplace, balcony, full kitchen, TV, golf, tennis, stables, 
security. $37,900. Ashley Futrell Jr. 78, (919) 946-9656 

RELOCATING to Palm Beach County, Florida? Call 
Marilyn Samwick, Broker-Salesman, evenings (305) 626- 
REALTOR, 10887 N. Military Trail, Palm Beach Gar- 
dens, FL 33418. Phone: (305) 622-7000. 

BIRD WATCHER'S DELIGHT Tryon, N.C., heart of 
thermal belt. Home and income in secluded, wooded 
area with mountain views. Each unit has two bedrooms 
upstairs, large, sunny living room with fireplace, dining 
area, hardwood floors, eat-in kitchen, deck. Currently 
rented, low maintenance. Ideal for second home. 


The Five Star 

. rju£st house 

4 North Seventh Street 
Historic Wilmington 
North Carolina 28401 
k j« m u . (919) 763-7581 

KIAWAH ISLAND, S.C. Come enjoy our unspoiled 
beach and superb sports weather. You can relax in pri- 
vately-owned, fully-furnished villas or homes. We offer 
you superior service and quality. OCEAN RESORTS 
INC. OF CHARLESTON, 1-800-221-7376 or (803) 


RARE BOOKS AND MAPS. Richard Sykes '53, Mary 
Flanders Sykes '52. Sykes and Flanders, Antiquarian 
Booksellers, P.O. Box 86, Weare, NH 03281. (603) 
529-7432. Member ABAA. 

Which American company is searching for good local 
management or consultant for its German/European 
operation? A well-known, all-around German manager 
with international experience and American education 
(Duke University) could do a successful job as local man- 
ager or consulting board member. Contact: Dr. Phil Hans 
Karl Kandlbinder A.M. '54, Hammerschmiede 3, 8018 
Grafing b. Munchen, Telefon (0 80 92) 61 53. 

Admission guaranteed. Special two-week sessions. Af- 
fordable tuition includes: photos at campus events, let- 
ters home, sportswear, diploma. Call (919) 684-0243 or 
write Dean Xavier, P.O. Box 5989 Duke Station, Dur- 
ham, NC 27706. 

ilju "Kal" Nekvasil J.D. '82 is regional attorney 
the National Association of Securities Dealers, 
., in New Orleans. 

Short M.B.A. '82, executive vice 
president of Inform Inc., an advertising/public rela- 
tions firm in Durham, was awarded a national writing 
prize by the National Federation of Press Women. 

Irene Sosa Vasquez Ph.D. '82 is a fellow with 
the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute at Radcliffe 
College in Cambridge, Mass. She recently conducted 
a colloquium on the "Classic Maya," a native Ameri- 
can Indian culture. 

Bobby D. White M.Div. '82 is a chaplain and 
instructor in religion at Atlantic Christian College in 
Wilson, N.C. 

Wendy Wilson A.M. '82 is a development s 
in the analytical development laboratory at Burroughs 
Wellcome Co. in the Research Triangle Park. She 
lives in Durham. 

David A. Wright M.B.A. '82 is assistant vice presi- 
dent of corporate finance with Johnston, Lemon and 
Co., a regional investment banking firm in Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Marc Howard Berman '83 received a master's in 
public affairs from the Lyndon B. Johnson School of 
Public Affairs at the University of Texas. He lives in 
Austin, Texas. 

Julian Abele Cook III '83 received a master's 
degree from the School of International Affairs and 
Public Affairs at Columbia University in New York 
City. He is enrolled in law school at the University of 

Stuart T. Farnham '83, Marine lieutenant j.g., 
has been designated a naval aviator after 18 months of 
flight training. 


uke Classifieds are your chance to deal with 74,000 
alumni and friends all over the country. Here is all you 
have to do: 

Rates: For one-time insertion, $25 for the first 25 words, $.50 for each 

additional word. There is a 10-word minimum. Telephone numbers count as 

one word, zip codes are free. Display rates are $100 per column inch (2Vi x 

1). Discount for multiple insertions is 10 percent. 

Requirements: All copy must be printed or typed; no telephone orders are 

accepted. All advertisements must be prepaid. Send check (payable to 

Duke University) or money order to: Duke Classifieds, Duke Magazine, 614 

Chapel Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706. 

Deadlines: October 1 (November-December), December 1 (January-February), 

February 1 (March-April), April 1 (May-June), June 1 (July-August). 




Check or money 
Ad should appea 
Ad should read a 

order for $ 




MAIL TO: Duke Classifieds, Duke Magazine, 614 Chapel Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706 


Co. Inc. 

Painting and Decorating 

Durham, N. C. 

Peter D. Haase '83 is a writer for DWJ As: 
Inc., a broadcast public relations firm in Ridgewood, 
N.J., with offices in New York City and Washington, 
D.C. He lives in Ridgewood. 

Kristine JantZ '83 is a real estate analyst/paralegal 
in the income property loan department of Cardinal 
Federal Savings Bank in Cleveland, Ohio. She lives in 
Shaker Heights, Ohio. 

Andrew D. McClintock BSE. '83, a second 
lieutenant, has been awarded the "Wings of Gold," 
designating him a naval aviator in the U.S. Marine 

Ann P. Russavage '83 was elected to membership 
on the Dickinson Journal of International Urn; a bi- 
annual publication which addresses issues of private 
and public international law. She is a student at The 
Dickinson School of Law in Carlisle, Pa. 

Lawrence C. Trotter '83 teceived his master's 
from Westminster Theological Seminary in 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Douglas E. Waters '83 was named Navy ensign 
after completing Aviation Officer Candidate School. 

Anne Fawley Adams B.S.E. '84 is a consulting 
engineer for Rodney Lewis Associates in Houston, 

Frances Marie Attaway '84 is an aide to Rep. 
Bill McCollum at his Capitol Hill office. She lives in 
Arlington, Va. 

Michael P. Bailey '84 is an operations technician 
for Shearson Lehman/American Express Inc. in New 
York City. He lives in Weehawken, N.J. 

Gary D. Ballard M.H.A. '84 is chief admii 

of Three Rivers Hospital and Medical Center, 
52-bed acute care facility in McRae, Ga. 

William T. Carpenter '84, a second 1 

the U.S. Marines, attends the Marine Corps Basic 

School in Quantico, Va. 

Ronald J. Galonsky '84, private first class in the 
U.S. Army, has completed basic training at Fort Dix, 

Christian N. Haliday '84, a second lieutenant in 

the U.S. Marine Corps, is with the First Marine Divi- 
sion at Camp Pendleton, Calif. 

David G. Hartz Ph.D. '84, former mathematics 
instructor at Duke, has been appointed an assistant 
professor of mathematics at Franklin and Marshall 
College in Lancaster, Pa. 

William Mahone V M.H.A '84 has been named 
assistant to the vice president of operations at 
Memorial Hospital in Alamance County, N.C. He 
lives in Burlington, N.C. 

Kathleen M. Moser '84, M.F. '85 was the red- 
pent of the Boise Cascade Fellowship, a graduate 
scholarship awarded on the basis of academic merit 
and professional promise. 

Robert W. Partin '84, a second lieutenant in the 

U.S. Marine Corps, has reported for duty with Third 
Marine Aircraft Wing at the Marine Corps Air Sta- 
tion in Yuma, Ariz. 

Daniel I. Davila Jr. M.B.A. '84 was promoted to 
manager of the information center at Siecor. 

Tarver Rountree B.S.E. '84 is employed 

with the national accounts marketing division of 

IBM. He and his wife, Robin Kyle Paulson '84, 
live in Atlanta. 

Lynne Laurence Russell '84 is a clinical nurse 
at Fairfax Hospital in Fairfax, Va. Her husband, J. 
Jon Brophy '82, is a patent examiner for the Patent 
and Trademark office. They live in Fairfax, Va. 

Pamela S. Deluca '85 was selected to participate 
in the medical scholars program at the Bowman Gray 
School of Medicine at Wake Forest University. 

Richard G. Heck '85 will attend Oxford Univer- 
sity for two years of post-graduate study through the 
Marshall Scholarships Awards program. 

Peter M. Lawson M.H.A. '85 was awarded the 
McGaw Medal of Excellence by the American Hospi- 
tal Supply Corp. He is a graduate student in health 
administration at Duke's medical center. 

Marie L. Miranda '85 was selected for a two year 
post-graduate scholarship at Oxford University, an 
award granted through the Marshall Scholarships 
Award program. 

MARRIAGES: Kimberly Jane Sanborn '80 to 
James Morrison Woodworth Glenn '82 on 

Jan. 5 . . . Tina S. Alster B.S.N. '81 to Gregory 
Buller in Duke Chapel on May 11 . . . Cynthia 
Todd Cline '81 to Philip Nicholas Kadinsky-Cade 
in December 1984 . David Marshall Dolan 
'81 to Mary Elizabeth Louis '82 on Aug. 10. 
Residence: Dallas . . . Carl David Powers '81 to 
Deborah Lynn Mikush '81 on May 26. Resi- 
dence: Richmond, Va . . . Steven R. Bell '82 to 
Susan M. Stover '84 on June 22. Residence: 
Chicago J. Jon Brophy '82 to Lynne 
Laurence Russell '84 on April 14 in Duke 
Chapel. Residence: Fairfax, Va . . . Scott Lance 
Cunningham M.D. '82 to Anne Elizabeth Callan 
on June 15. Residence: Durham . . . Elizabeth 

Some selections from 
the 1985 offerings of the 
Duke University Press 

Directions in 
Euripidean Criticism 

A Collection of Essays 

Edited by Peter Burian, Associate 

Professor of Classical Studies, Duke 

Six leading classicists offer interpreta- 
tions of this most enigmatic and con- 
troversial tragedian, reflecting the 
complexity and richness of Euripidean 
drama and illustrating its relevance to 
contemporary concerns. 237 pages, 

Art and Literature 

Studies in Relationship 
William S. Heckscher, formerly 
Benjamin N. Duke Professor and 
Director of the Art Museum, Duke 

Essays ranging over the length and 
breadth of Heckscher's encyclopedic 
interests, including the survival of the 
classical tradition, emblematic research, 
German literature, and many more. 
528 pages, illustrated. Paper, $37.50. 

The Royal Protomedicato 

The Regulation of the Medical 
Profession in the Spanish Empire 
John Tate Lanning, late James B. Duke 
Professor of History, Duke 
Edited by John J. TePaske, 
Professor of History, Duke 

A monumental work on the develop- 
ment and functioning of the protomedi- 
catos, committees of licensed physicians 
in major cities of the Spanish Empire 
charged with the regulation of medical 
affairs. 485 pages, $37.50. 

Polanyian Meditations 

In Search of a Post-Critical Logic 
William H. Poteat, Professor of Religion 
and Comparative Studies, Duke 

A strikingly original work inspired by 
Michael Polanyi (in the style of Husserl's 
Cartesian Meditations) addressing ques- 
tions concerning the unity of the human 
mind and body. 400 pages, $35.00. 

Duke University Press 

6697 College Station 

Durham, North Carolina 27708 

Hinzelman B.S.E. '82 to Ronald Fortino on April 
13. Residence: Hyde Park, N.Y . . . Debra J. 
Foster '82 to Daniel P. Smith on May 25. Resi- 
dence: Columbia, S.C . . . James Morrison 
Woodworth Glenn 82 to Kimberly Jane 
Sanborn '80 on Jan 5 . . . Angela Renate 
Huntley '82 to Anthony Levem Brown on May 
25 Mary Elizabeth Louis 82 to David 
Marshall Dolan '81 on Aug. 10. Residence: 
Dallas, Texas . . . Renee Jennifer Lewis '83 to 
Gunard Erik Bergman '83 on June 29 in 
Vienna, Ohio. Residence: Brunswick, Maine . . . 
Traci Lynne Sittason 83 to Paul Cushman 
Stark '83 on December 29, 1984. Residence: 
Chicago . . . Anne Fawley B.S.E. '84 to Terry 
Adams on August 4, 1984 . . . Mark Eric 
Indermaur B.S.E. '84 to Meredith Webster on Jan. 
5. Residence: Chicago . . . Robin Kyle Paulson 
'84 to William Tarver Rountree BSE. '84 on 
May 25 in Duke Chapel. Residence: Atlanta . . . 
Lynne Laurence Russell '84 to J. Jon 
Brophy '82 on April 14 in Duke Chapel. Residence: 
Fairfax, Va . . . Joseph A. Pimentel '84 to 
Jennifer Lynn Fulton '85 on July 20. Residence: 
Jacksonville, Fla . . . Susan M. Stover '84 to 
Steven R. Bell '82 on June 22. Residence: 

BIRTHS: First child and son to Mark Steven 
Calvert '80, J.D. '83 and Rosemary 
Antonucci Calvert '81, A.M. '83 on July 31. 
Named Benjamin James . . . First child and son to 
Theodore Ronald Hainline Jr. '80, J.D. '83 
and Melody Tope Hainline 82 on July 14 
Named Russell Everett . . . Second son to Charles 
T. Perry J.D. '80 and Ann Upshaw Perry on June 6. 
Named John Wesley . . . First child and son to 
Monica Briggs Salomon '80 and I 
L. Salomon III 78 on May 5, 1984. Named 
Christopher Lewis. 

The Register has received no 
deaths. No further infbrmatii 

: ot the following 
ras available. 

T. Shields '33 of Norfolk, Va. . . . John 
S. Baker '35 on Feb. 11 . . . Charles E. 

Shannon '39, B.D. '42 of Thomasville, N.C 

Frank Louis Beckel '40, M.D. '44 on April 
12 . . . Felix Kurzrok '43 of Oxford, Conn. . . . 
Horace M. Sherwood Jr. '45 of Mission Viejo, 
Calif. . . . Edwin E. Barnes B.D. '47 on April 
14 . . Linton H. Decosier '50 on Oct. 3, 
1984 . . . Harry E. Carpenter Jr. B.S.E.E. '51 of 

Conover, N.C Betsy Lee Barton '54 on Feb. 

28 Reuben Columbus Hood Jr. MAT. 

'60 on April 2. 

Laura A. Tillett '14 on April 12 in Durham. She 

was professor emeritus of Queens College in Charlotte 
and a member of University Methodist Church in 
Chapel Hill. She is survived by several nieces and 

Charles Settle Bunn '17 on Dec. 23, 1984. He 
was a trustee of Louisburg College and a member of 
the N.C. Senate and House of Representatives. He is 
survived by a son, Spruill G. Bunn '59; a daughter, 
Sidney B. YoungblOOd '42; nine grandchildren; 
and one great-granddaughter. 

Lily Mason Reitzel '21 on April 12 in Durham. 
A native of Cary, N.C, she was a member of Duke 
Memorial United Methodist Church. She is survived 
by a son, three sisters, and three grandsons. 

Mary Louise Howell '22 on May 24 in Durham. 
She was head of the payroll department at Duke when 
she retired in 1965 after 40 years of service. She was a 
member of Trinity United Methodist Church. She is 
survived by a sister and brother. 

Gertrude Guyes Tobias Leipman '23 on 

April 27 in High Point, N.C. She was founder of the 
High Point section of the National Council of Jewish 
Women. She is survived by a daughter and five 

John E. Dempster '25, former Duke 

player, on Dec. 12 in Richmond, Va. He is survived by 

his wife. 

Lois Cole Stone '29 on April 6 in Dallas, Texas. 
A native of Durham, she was a member of Lakewood 
United Methodist Church. She is survived by two 
sons, a sister, two brothers, and seven grandchildren. 

Margaret Battle Kirkland '30 on May 23 in 

Durham. She taught in the Durham city schools for 
many years and was a member ot Trinity Avenue 
Presbyterian Church. She is survived by a daughter, a 
son, and three grandchildren. 

Raymond K. Perkins '30, J.D. '33 on Dec. 23, 

1984, in Manchester, N.H. He served as president of 
the N.H. Senate and speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives. He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth Solium 
Perkins; two sons including Raymond K. 
Perkins Jr. Ph.D. 73; five grandchildren; and 
several nieces and nephews. 

Reade '30 on December 9, 1984. in 
Durham. A native of Durham, she served at Lake- 
wood School as a first and second grade teacher. She 
was a member of Duke Memorial United Methodist 
Church and of the North Carolina Teachers Associa- 
tion. She is survived by two brothers and a sister. 

John C. Taggart '31 on May 17 in Charlotte, 
N.C. He retired as regional manager for Sun Oil Co. 
and was a member of Myers Park Presbyterian Church 
and the Charlotte Country Club. He is survived by 
his wife, Ethel B.K. Taggart, a son and daughter, a 
brother, two sisters, and six grandchildren. 

Bernice Hampton Umstead 31 in Durham 
County General Hospital on Feb. 4. He was a retired 
employee of WL. Robinson Tobacco Co. and a mem- 
ber of the Duke Memorial United Methodist Church. 
He is survived by a sister. 

ran '32 on December 27. 
1984. He was a member of the Duke varsity football 
team from 1929 to 1932. 

Stuart Dixon Patrick '32 on Match 27 in a car 
accident in Wilmington, N.C. He is survived by his 
wife, Eunice Venetia Home Patrick, one sister, and 
two brothers. 

Frank E. Barnett '33 on April 4 in New York 

City of a heart attack. Former chairman and chief 
executive of the Union Pacific Corp., he was a key- 
figure in the reorganization of six bankrupt North- 
eastern railroads into Conrail. He is survived by his 
wife, Wana Elain Barnett, a stepdaughter, a brother, 
and four grandchildren. 

Margaret Phillips '33 at Hillhaven Rehabilita- 
tion Clinic in Norfolk, Va. She retired as a member of 
the Duke library staff. She is survived by two sisters 
and a brother. 

Richard P. Bellaire '35 on May 6. He is survived 
by his wife, Alice Bellaire. 

William C. Siceloff '35 on May 5 in High Point, 
N.C. He was president of Siceloff Oil Co. and a 
founder of the High Point Red Cross blood program. 
He is survived by his wife, Pauline Douglas Siceloff, 
three sons, a sister, and one grandson. 

G. Tyler '35 on April 10. He is survived 
by his wife, Claudia Colgan Tyler. 

Betty Pyle Baldwin '38 on May 24 in Durham. 
She was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta sorority, 
Durham Junior League, the Durham Debutante Ball 
Society, and Fountain Street Church in Grand 
Rapids, N.C. She is survived by her husband, R.L. 
Baldwin Jr., a son, three daughters, and eight 

F. Hollister M.D. '38 on April 20 in 
Kiawah Island, S.C. He was on the teaching staff at 
Duke's medical center, whete he was assistant profes- 
sor and associate clinical professor ot surgery. He is 
survived by his wife, Flora Caddell Hollister, two 
children, two stepchildren, and six granddaughters. 

Romeo A. Falciani B.S.E. '39 on Jan. 13 in Boca 

Raton, Fla. He was vice president of Bet: Murdoch 
Converse Consulting Engineers in Plymouth Meet- 
ing, Pa. He is survived by his wife, Mildred B. 
Falciani, a son, three sisters, and a granddaughter. 

Ann Rauschenberg David '40 of W Hartford, 
Conn., on April 29 of Lou Gehrig's disease (ALS) 
after a long illness. She is survived by her husband, 
Bill, two daughters, a son, sisters Lucy R. Simson 
'37 and Georgia R. Spieth '44, and two 


Leon H. Mims Jr. M.D., B.S.M. '41 on April 9 of 

a heart attack in Key Largo, Fla. A Miami-area ortho- 
pedic surgeon for more than 35 years, he was a lover of 
boating and fishing. He is survived by his wife, Ruth 
Mims, a son, and a brother. 

Hazel Haynes Myers '41 on April 19 in Balti- 
more. A native of Durham, she had been an art his- 
tory lecturer at Goucher College and the Baltimore 
Museum of Art. She was a founder of Maryland's first 
nursery school cooperative and helped organize 
several more. She is survived by her husband, Robert 


Woodcraft Company, Inc. 

P.O. Box 11068 

451-53 South Driver St. 

Durham. N.C. 27703 


Serving IXike and the 

Thirfiam wmmimhy with 

fine architectural woodwork 

since 1947 

lighters; a brother; and 

D. Myers; her mother 
a granddaughter. 

William A. Kleinhenz BSE. '43 on March 5 in 

Golden Valley, Minn. A professor and associate head 
of the department of mechanical engineering at the 
University ot Minnesota, he received the university's 
George Taylor Service Award and the Centennial 
Medallion from the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers. He is survived by his wife, Mary Kleinhenz, 
four daughters, three grandchildren, two sisters, and a 

Robert Arthur Wells '44 on March 2 in Burling- 
ton, N.C. He retired as an employee of Western 
Electric Co. and was a member of the Church of the 
Holy Comforter. He is survived by two daughters, a 
son, and seven grandchildren. 

Edwin Henry Martinat Sr. '45 on Oct. 13, 
1984, in Winston-Salem, N.C. He retired as director 
of the department of rehabilitation at Forsyth Hospi- 
tal Authority, Inc. He is survived by his wife, Martha 
Yokeley Martinat; his mother, two children, and a 

David Rabin B.S.M.E. '46, LL.B. '51 on Dec. 10, 

1984, from injuries received in a car accident. He was 
an instructor at Duke's law school and a patent 
examiner in the U.S. Patent Office. He is survived by 
his wife, Vera Rabin, two sons, three daughters, a 
brother, two sisters, and three grandchildren. 

Geraldine C. Stanfield M.Ed. '46 of cancer on 

May 7. She retired as a learning disabilities specialist 
with the Palm Beach County, Fla., public school sys- 
tem. She is survived by her husband, Henry L. 

'46, two children, and two grandchildren. 

W. Rivers M.Ed. '47 on April 7 of a heart 
attack. The tetired deputy assistant administrator of 
the Extension Service in the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture was deacon of the First Baptist Church in 
Alexandria, Va. He is survived by his wife, Olivia B. 
Rivers, two children, a sister, and a brother. 

J. Ben Collins '49 on Feb. 4 in Radford, Va. A 
former Duke basketball player and co-captain, he was 
employed as credit manager oi the Lynchburg Foundry 
Credit Union. He is survived by his wife, Darlene 
Fanning Collins, two children, and a sister. 

Jack E. Freeze B.S.M.E. '49 on March 2 of a 
heart attack in Myrtle Beach, S.C. He was an engi- 
neer with Michael Construction Co. He is survived 
by his wife, Virginia Hayes Freeze, two children, his 
father, a brother, and three grandchildren. 

John I. McCollum Jr. Ph.D. '56 on Jan. 22 in 

Ocala, Fla., of injuries sustained in a fall. The former 
chairman of the English department at the University 
ot Miami published many volumes on English writers 
and theit works. He is survived by his wife, Bettie Lou 
McCollum, and a son. 

Jean Lanpher-Chichester '60 of cancer on 

April 5 in Hartford, Conn. She is survived by her 
three children. 

Howard Barlow Ph.D. '61 on April 29 
in Durham. A British Army veteran, he taught at 
Duke for several years. He is survived by his wife, Ann 
Martin Barlow, two children, a brother, and three 

Pearl Whichard Evans M.Div. '75 on July 2, 
1984, in Lafayette, La. She was co-pastor of Davidson 
Memorial United Methodist Church. She is survived 

by her husband, A. Wayne Evans M.Div. '75, and 
two sons. 

Emeritus trustee Wallace 

George R. Wallace '27, trustee emeritus, died on 
April 11 in Morehead City, N.C. He served on Duke's 
board of trustees from 1954 to 1966. 

Before his retirement, he managed Wallace 
Fisheries, a family business founded by his father in 
1910. He was a member of Lambda Chi Alpha frater- 
nity, the Founders Society, the Washington Duke 
Club, and Friends of the Art Museum. 

Wallace is survived by his wife, Laura Abemathy 
Mace Wallace, and a son. 

Maude Dunn, Oldest Alumna 

Maude Wilkerson Dunn '06, who was Duke's oldest 
alumna, died June 26 in Durham. She was 100. In 
January, the General Alumni Association presented 
het with an award for "distinguished service in further- 
ing the humanitarian and educational objectives of 
the association and the university." 

The Durham native, who graduated from Trinity 
College with majors in Latin and French, spent 
eleven years teaching in city school system and was 
principal of North Durham School for twenty-two 
years until retiring in 1950. 

In 1967, she was selected Mother of the Year. She 
served two years as president of the Blossom Garden 
Club and was awarded life membership in the N.C. 
Council of Garden Clubs. She was the oldest member 
of Duke Memorial Methodist Church, where she 
served on the administrative board, as a Sunday 
school teacher and superintendent of the children's 
department, and as a membet of the Women's Society. 

She is survived by two sons, a daughter, a sister, 
nine grandchildren, and thirteen gteat-grandchildren. 

Precollege program for rising high school seniors 



talented students 

may enroll in 



in the humanities, 

social sciences, 

natural sciences, 

i foreign languages 

with Duke 


Deadline for 
submission of 
applications - 
March 3, 1986 

Precollege Program 
01 West Duke Building 
Duke University 
Durham, NC 27708 
or call 

(919) 684-3847 
fo request application 




We always enjoy the magazine, but the last 
issue is one of the best of any kind I have 
read. The "Debatable Medical Miracles" 
article ["Confronting the New Medicine," 
July-August 1985] addresses issues which are 
going to be timely for years to come. Living 
in the shadow of one of the largest training 
and practicing medical complexes in the 
world, we are constantly affronted with those 
same issues which the article raises. 

Kitty Newton 
Houston, Texas 



I have enjoyed tremendously the recent issue 
of Duke Magazine [July-August 1985], especial- 
ly Art Chansky's "Sloan's Third Down" and 
Dan Cox's "Modem Dance: Made in Ameri- 
ca." John Clum's review of the new Lady Gre- 
gory book was also of great interest because 
twentieth-century Irish literature was my 
major teaching field. 

No doubt others have called to your atten- 
tion a geographical error on page 15. Benning- 
ton College is in my native state of Vermont, 
not Maine. 

That summer of 1934 was a wonderful one. 



I went down to Bennington to visit a friend, 
Clair Leonard, who was writing some music for 
Doris Humphrey and Charles Weidman. At 
age 20 I knew nothing of modern dance and 
went prepared to scoff; I remained to praise. 
Sybil Shearer, then an unknown, and other 
students became my friends. The atmosphere 
was fluid and exciting and everyone worked 
hard, even the visitor. 

One favorite memory is of riding around the 
campus one evening on the shoulders of Jose 
Limon, then at the outset of his magnificient 
career. I spoke to him backstage in Buffalo 
many years later; he recalled the incident but 
didn't suggest a repeat performance. 





Hours: Tues-Fri 9-5 pm Sat lO-lpm Sun 2-5 pm ° ADMISSION FREE 


20th Anniversary of the National 

Endowment for the Arts: Art of North 


Alexander Rodchenko: Pioneer Soviet 


The Art of Costa Rica: Painted & 

Sculpted Ceramics from the Sackler 


Medieval & Renaissance Sculpture & 
Decorative Art 
Greek & Roman Antiquities 
Pre-Columbian pottery & textiles 
African sculpture & textiles 
Winslow Homer wood engravings 

For additional information please call 684-51 35 

Congratulations on another excellent issue 
of Duke Magazine. 

Fraser "Bob" Drew A.M. '35 
Kenmore, New York 

The writer is a Distinguished Teaching Professor 
Emeritus of English at State University of New 
York, College at Buffalo. We thank him for cor- 
recting our geography without taking any points off 
our grade. 



What a pleasant surprise to receive the 
July-August 1985 issue of your excellent Duke 
Magazine. My "voluntary subscription" is 

It must be nearly a decade since I've had 
any mailings from Duke, so I assumed I'd been 
consigned to the necrology file by some over- 
zealous computer. Now, suddenly, it seems 
I've not only been resurrected, but made a 
bishop by your mailing department. The first 
miracle I appreciate; the second is misguided 

However, the magazine is justly recognized 
as a prize winner, so please keep it coming. 

Reverend G. Ernest Lynch '34, M.Div. '43 
Farmington Falls, Maine 

The writer is rector emeritus of Trinity Episcopal 
Church in Indianapolis, Indiana. 


Send to GRADS, 614 Chapel Drive 

ANNEX, Durham, N.C. 27706. 

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rancis L. Dale falls some- 
where between the legend- 
ary William Randolph 
Hearst and the fictional 
Citizen Kane. Dale, whose 
professional life has wound 
back and forth between news- 
paper publishing, politics, 
and community service, embodies the best 
characteristics of both giant figures. 

Though not at all an entrepreneur inter- 
ested in accumulating millions, Dale has 
carried on other Hearst traditions during his 
two publishing careers. He ended the apathy 
that existed between the Cincinnati Enquirer 
and its readership as a lawyer-turned-pub- 
lisher in the 1960s. And he championed the 
common man with aggressive reporting as 
publisher of the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner 
for eight years until resigning last spring. 

Citizen Dale has a history of community 
service that's had him answering the call 
since he was a young lawyer forty years ago. 
The 63-year-old Dale '43 has made it a habit 
of changing jobs every half-dozen years. In 
his last months with the Herald-Examiner, he 
grew restless and hinted that "maybe I have 
time for one more career." 

Like Hearst and Kane on one of their color- 
ful crusades, Publisher Dale became Com- 
missioner Dale. He has taken over as head of 
the Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL), 
hoping to guide the sport from the esoteric 
excellence it has enjoyed into the public 
domain. He has already used his experience 
as an organizer and manager, shaker and 
mover, to reshape the league internally, while 
calling upon his vast media contacts and 
negotiating skills to drum up more external 
support for the fledgling game. 

Among Dale's first personnel moves were 
to hire a deputy commissioner with a law 
background who will serve as a liaison be- 
tween the league office and the twelve owner- 
directors of teams, and a director of market- 
ing who is implementing a merchandising 
program for MISL souvenirs and apparel. He 
also generated more publicity and exposure 
for indoor soccer before the first game was 
played under his commission than the league 
enjoyed all of last season. Cable television's 
ESPN is broadcasting fifteen regular-season 


i - 



f M 

ft"*— x y_ 


- 1 






iiil ■: 



He's turned a habit of 

job changes into a string 

of successful careers. 

games on Sunday afternoons, plus the league 
all-star game February 18. Dale, whose ap- 
pointment generated national press cover- 
age, has also met with soccer officials from 
Switzerland and Australia to promote the 
game on an international level. 

During his first six months as commissioner, 
he also had to prove his worth as a mediator: 
He ruled on a major protest in last season's 
playoffs with a precedent-setting decision 
that reversed the outcome of a game more 
than twenty-four hours after its completion. 

"I take only challenging jobs," says Dale. "If 
the MISL was solid and stable, I wouldn't be 
interested at all. It's been my habit of chang- 
ing jobs every seven years, not because I have 
to, but because I want to. I find it to be the 
most vitalizing thing I can do. It keeps me 

Dale admits he has much to learn about 
indoor soccer, a hybrid of outdoor soccer 
and hockey that features six-man teams and 
more scoring than either one of those two 
sports. He is paid approximately $200,000 a 
year to preside over the MISL, whose twelve 
teams play forty-eight games each, from 
November through June. "Whatever skills I 
have in communication and management 
are totally transportable," he says. "If you're a 
manager, it doesn't matter whether you are 
making widgets or automobiles, you're a 
manager. I'll use the same skills in managing 
this as I did in diplomacy, with the news- 
paper, whatever." 

Dale has experience as a sports executive, 
having owned and operated professional 
teams in Cincinnati. His role there, too, was 
one as mediator and communicator. And 
one of his strongest causes remains giving 
the Olympic Games a permanent home in 
Olympia, Greece. Addressing the Bohemian 
Grove on the eve of the Olympic Games in 
Los Angeles a year ago, Dale outlined his 
master plan. He said such a move makes ob- 
vious sense economically and politically, 
and would return the essence of athletics 
and competition to the Olympics. 

Though MISL headquarters are in Chica- 
go, Dale will keep his home in the L.A. 
suburb of Pasadena and travel between the 
two cities. He and his wife of thirty-eight 
years, Kathleen Watkins Dale '43, have four 
children: two daughters and two sons who 
have followed their father into the law. All of 
the kids are now grown and out of the house, 
leaving the Dales to their work, which in- 
cludes sitting on the boards of directors of 
virtually every major charitable organization 
in Los Angeles. Dale is also director of the 
National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 
the United Nations Association, and the 
United Methodist Publishing House. 

His community-involvement interests ex- 
tend to Duke, too: Dale is on the national 


leadership committee and the Los Angeles 
steering committee of the university's Capi- 
tal Campaign for the Arts and Sciences. 

It seems Dale has always had a cause, since 
serving as a submarine officer in the Navy 
after graduating from Duke, through sixteen 
years as a corporate lawyer after attending 
the University of Virginia law school, to 
entering the newspaper publishing business 
after the community sent out an urban S.O.S. 
"Yes, that's how I became a publisher," Dale 
says, "as a lawyer representing the Cincinnati 
Enquirer. The senior partner of our law firm 
was called upon to let this young man go and 
help the city in a public servant's role, to get 
better roads, better community involve- 
ment, things like that." 

In 1966, in fact, Dale simultaneously held 
the posts of president of the Ohio Bar Asso- 
ciation and publisher of the Cincinnati En- 
quirer. Having given up his law practice with 
the antitrust firm Frost &. Jacobs, Dale con- 
tinued teaching at the law schools of Chase 
College and the University of Cincinnati. 
He was on his way to becoming one of this 
country's experts on newspaper law. In 
November of 1984, Dale delivered the key- 
note address at the World Media Conference 
in Tokyo, "Fair Trial and Free Press: Are They 
Mutually Exclusive?" 

His penchant for community service 
spawned his career as a sports executive, 
which interrupted his publishing positions 
with the Enquirer and the Herald-Examiner. 
The year was 1967, and Cincinnati was 
about to lose its professional baseball team, 
which would have been akin to chariot races 
leaving Rome. The Reds were the first team 
in organized baseball and Cincinnati the 
home of the first professional night game. 
"There was historical reason to keep the Reds 
in Cincinnati," Dale says. "That was part of 
my civic responsibility as a publisher. Yes, we 
were largely responsible for saving the fran- 
chise from going out of town and for building 
a new stadium downtown." 

Dale organized a group of Cincinnati busi- 
ness people who bought the Reds and founded 
the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Foot- 
ball League. That group tapped Dale to be 
president of the Reds and director of the 
Bengals, but he left the running of the teams 
to the experts he hired. Dale's chief project 
during that period was bringing to comple- 
tion the planning and building of Riverfront 
Stadium, which was among the first multi- 
purpose coliseums used by many professional 
teams today. After the grand opening of this 
dramatic, symmetrical structure now domi- 
nating the Cincinnati skyline on the bank of 
the Ohio River, Dale received the Gover- 
nor's Award for Advancement of the Prestige 
of Ohio. 

A staunch Republican, the Urbana, Illi- 
nois, native was Ohio's state chairman for his 
party during Richard Nixon's 1968 presiden- 

"It doesn't matter 
whether you're making 
widgets or automobiles, 

you're a manager." 

tial campaign. And, in 1972, Dale was chair- 
man of the Committee to Reelect the Presi- 
dent, a group he helped form with other 
well-known business people. 

Citizen Dale and Chairman Dale then 
became Ambassador Dale, completing his 
tour as U.S. presidential envoy to the United 
Nations and International Organizations by 
receiving the Superior Honor Award, rarely 
given to non-career diplomats. It's one of the 
numerous awards and six honorary degrees 
he's received. 

But Frank Dale was not a career diplomat, 
for sure. He still had printer's ink under his 
fingernails, and he got the most challenging 
call of his professional life in the spring of 
1977: a plea from the Hearst Corporation to 
help the strike-torn Herald-Examiner. Ten 
years before, the Herald-Examiner had en- 
joyed the same (735,000) circulation as the 
Los Angeles Times. As the largest afternoon 
newspaper in the country, the daily waged a 
constant battle for readership with its con- 
servative morning competitor. Then what 
was to be the longest newspaper strike in his- 
tory crippled the Herald-Examiner, sending 
its circulation plummeting as the Hearst 
Corporation took a hard-line management 
stand with the Newspaper Guild. 

The strike was to go on for a decade, and 
the Herald-Examiner block of downtown Los 
Angeles resembled a war zone. Several peo- 
ple were killed in the fighting that broke out 
between picketers and "scabs," and the build- 
ing itself had fences to cordon off union from 
non-union areas. George Hearst Jr., the pub- 
lisher, had an exterior elevator constructed 
so he could have a private entrance to his of- 
fice without having to cross picket lines in 
front of the building. 

During the strike, the Herald-Examiner 
dropped more than 400,000 in circulation, 
losing a quarter of a million readers to the 
Times and another 150,000 to numerous 
community newspapers in the Los Angeles 
area. Today, L.A. remains the most competi- 
tive newspaper market in the country, with a 
total of twenty-three dailies operating and all 
but two of the nation's major newspaper 
chains circulating in the area. 

Those are the odds Dale battled when he 
succeeded Hearst in April 1977 as publisher 
of the Herald-Examiner. He had gone to the 

West Coast originally at the request of the 
Hearst Corporation to see if he could help 
mediate the decade-old strike. He arrived, 
ironically, just after the first big breakthrough 
in negotiations occurred. "I got there in time 
to help, but I take none of the credit for set- 
tling the strike," Dale says. "After it was over, 
I was asked if I would become the publisher 
and help turn the newspaper around. The 
first question the Hearst Corporation wanted 
to have answered was whether the Herald- 
Examiner should continue publishing after 
such a terrible wound. Was it worth it? 

"My job was to analyze the situation. Many 
people, knowledgeable people, said there 
was no way we could stay alive. Some of those 
people aren't in business anymore, while 
we're still here. We survived on innovations." 

This is where Frank Dale may have dipped 
most deeply into history and lore, best emu- 
lating Publisher Hearst and Citizen Kane. 
Though the facade of the Herald-Examiner 
building remains unmistakably Hearst, and 
the marbled main lobby suggests a foyer in 
San Simeon or Xanadu, the resemblances 
end there. Dale had his work cut out for him. 
"First," he recalls, "there was a tremendous 
morale problem. A siege mentality existed 
during the strike that became a way of life. 
Some people cheered when the strike was 
over. Others cried. They didn't know what 
was ahead." 

Dale used a simple metaphor to announce 
his plan, calling it "Upward Bound." "We had 
to build a launching pad," he says. "We re- 
searched, surveyed, took inventory of the 
resources we had and needed. Then we 
needed the fuel to light the fire, and that 
had to come from our loyal advertisers and 
readers. I visited many of the advertisers my- 
self and said we wanted no more gifts. We 
were either going to warrant their ads or close 
up shop. It was a total labor and public rela- 
tions job— rebuilding the plant, the staff, 
and the image." 

Borrowing a page from Hearst, who brought 
half his staff from the San Francisco Examiner 
when, in 1896, he took over the New York 
Journal— and stole the rest from Joseph Pu- 
litzer's New York World— Dale lured renowned 
editor Jim Fellows away from the VKis/iington 
Star as editor. He continued that policy, 
hiring Mary Anne Dolan as the first female 
editor in America. 

"It was a long process of keeping something 
going against the biggest advertising news- 
paper in the country," says Dale of the Times. 
"It was a waste of money to try to outspend 
them. If I doubled my advertising budget, 
they would triple theirs. We were friends, but 
not necessarily friendly rivals. 

"We did it with limited resources. In pay- 
roll, we were on par with community news- 
papers, but many of our employees were mak- 
ing 50 percent of what their counterparts at 
the Times made. Now, they are above scale, 

nationally, but it's still not on par with the 
Times. We were used to hiring bright, young 
reporters who wanted to come in and learn 
their trade and then were hired away by the 

What Dale offered the eager and capable 
was a chance— almost immediately. "We 
would bring someone on staff and he or she 
might have a story in the next day's paper," he 
says. "There was an air of excitement that 
just doesn't exist at the Times. There, you 
might wait months before you got your first 
story published." 

Like all Hearst newspapers, the Herald- 
Examiner is free to choose its editorial poli- 
cies and political endorsements. It's not un- 
usual, in fact, for different Hearst papers to 
be supporting candidates from opposing 
parties. "In the Hearst organization, the pub- 
lisher has a free rein," says Dale. "For exam- 
ple, I'm a Republican who was active in the 
campaign to re-elect the president in 1972. 
But the HeraU-Examsner isn't a Republican 
newspaper. We would pick and choose all 
over the lot, try to reason: Is it right? Is it use- 
ful? Is it appropriate?" 

William Randolph Hearst is most asso- 
ciated with the term yellow journalism. Dale 
does not care for the style, but he defends a 
newspaper's right to use it. He stops short of 
calling the Herald'Examiner a sensational 
newspaper, despite his policy of screaming 
headlines and racily written stories, which 
has continued after his departure under in- 
terim publisher and chief operating execu- 
tive John McCabe. "It's an aggressive news- 
paper, emphasizing unusual stories," says 
Dale, "far more aggressive than the Times in 
getting the stories, and they know it. It is not 
a crusading newspaper, but it does seem to 
find the issues that others follows up on, 
writing not about the establishment, but 
about people and the problems. The Herald- 
Examiner is a people newspaper, and it's done 
deliberately to contrast with the giant across 
the street." 

Dale talks with pride of the twenty-part 
series written by an undercover reporter on 
his staff that was nominated for a Pulitzer 
Prize. He's almost as proud of the reason it 
didn't win. "We were told we didn't win be- 
cause [the Pulitzer Committee] didn't want 
to endorse using subterfuge to get a story," he 
says. "But it's the only way we could have 
gotten this one. We sent a Spanish-speaking 
reporter to work in the garment district here. 
She sewed garments in a factory, moved up to 
distribution in a garage, and then worked for 
a retailer. She followed each step and then 
came back to write a series on illegal immi- 
grants, how they're manipulated, abused, 

Dale says the garment industry in Los 
Angeles was forced into widespread reform 
measures because of the story, which was only 
possible through underground reporting. 

Frank Dale, commis- 
sioner of the Major In- 
door Soccer League, 
wants to change the MISL's 
"fly-by-night" image by de- 
veloping an ownership pro- 
gram that is akin, ironically, to 
that of a successful fast-food 
restaurant chain. 

The MISL, which is in its 
eighth season, has had twenty- 
eight teams in twenty-five 
cities since opening play in 
the fall of 1978. Two of the 
franchises lasted one season 
or less, two others folded with- 
in two years. Today, the only 
charter members left in the 
twelve-team league are the 
Cleveland Force and the 
Chicago Spirit. 

Dale has taken over a league 
that does have financial stabil- 
ity among most of its owners, 
and he wants to keep it that 
way. Seven of the twelve 
teams have owners who also 
hold stock in other profes- 
sional sports franchises or 
properties. The Los Angeles 
Lazers belong to Jerry Buss, 

who also owns the National 
Basketball Association Lakers 
and the National Hockey 
League Kings, for example. 

"We've developed a kind of 
'how to' brochure for owning 
a MISL franchise," says Dale. 
"An interested prospective 
owner must have the support 
of a major business and 
enough money to survive for 
three years. We tell him that 
he's liable to lose a million 
dollars the first year. 

"In return, we will help him 
succeed in the long run by 
turning his team over to our 
league's accounting firm, as- 
signing one of our existing 
owners to him as a 'buddy' to 
help him in every respect, and 
give him one of three com- 
plete public-relations pack- 
ages, depending on the size of 
the city he's in. We're simply 
using a practical business ap- 
proach to owning a franchise." 

Besides helping a new 
owner with season ticket pro- 
grams, group sales, media 
relations, and sponsorship 

advice, Dale's program also 
allows the fledgling franchise 
to be competitive right away 
through an expansion draft of 
players already on other MISL 
rosters. Each league team can 
"protect" sixteen of its twenty 
players from the draft but 
must do so while still con- 
forming to the MISL's salary 
cap standards. Often, a very 
good player cannot be pro- 
tected from being drafted by 
expansion teams. 

Dale says prospective 
owners in nine cities are in 
"varying stages" of pursuing 
MISL franchises, including 
Montreal, Miami, New York, 
and Charlotte, North Caro- 
lina. "They've got to show us 
they are serious," Dale says. 
"If they do, we'll show them 
how to do it. 

"We're trying to end the idea 
that two guys sitting in a bar 
can look at each other one 
night and say, 'Hey, let's buy a 
pro soccer team.' " 

The Herald-Examiner broke another exclu- 
sive on the corruption in L.A.'s City of In- 
dustry through the same methods. 

Of Rupert Murdoch's growing newspaper 
chain, Dale says, "They are more sensation- 
al, and he would admit to that. He puts out 
what, in my opinion, is a lousy newspaper, 
but that's his right and I would defend it." 

As a libel lawyer, Dale knows the 1964 
Supreme Court ruling Sullivan v. The New 
York Times almost verbatim. Basically, it says 
government and public figures can be criti- 
cized. Malice and reckless disregard for the 

truth has to be proven for such criticism to be 
considered libelous. "There's no law that says 
you have to put out a good newspaper," says 
Dale. "What Murdoch does comes from the 
wild-eyed essence of the First Amendment. 
In my opinion, we don't need that kind of 
freedom to say anything about public figures. 
"We're at about the same legal limits of un- 
challengeable editorial freedom. Exemption 
for public figures is stretched about as far as it 
can go, and I suspect it will be pulled back by 
the courts at some point." 

Continued on page 39 




There's a haunting tune 
echoing in the locker 
rooms and administra- 
tive offices of colleges 
and universities all 
over the country. It's 
the flip side of Duke's 
winning record for gra- 
duating the highest percentage of its football 
players, earning— along with Notre Dame— 
the College Football Association's 1984 
Academic Achievement Award. 

Duke helped set an all-time award record 
with a 95 .6 percent graduation rate. But only 
two other institutions within the forty-seven 
school membership had graduation rates 
over 75 percent; the average rate was a shock- 
ing 46.8 percent. 

Throughout the country, it's becoming a 
familiar song. The latest CFA figures point 
to eight member schools among fifty-three 
with graduation rates below 25 percent. An 
NCAA survey revealed that of black, male 
athletes admitted to colleges and universi- 
ties in 1977, only 31 percent had graduated 
by 1983. And just over half the white ath- 
letes had managed to do so within the same 
period. Careful scrutiny of selected high 
school transcripts by The Washington Post un- 
veiled an astounding series of academic 
feats: a high school player ineligible for 
NCAA competition because his grade point 
average is below a 2 .0 (C) ends his senior year 
on a miracle with two As and three B's; a 
high school letterman gets a combined score 
of 460 on his SATs— the minimum possible 
score is 400— and signs a grant-in-aid to play 
basketball at an academically respected state 
university in the East. 

The big question in big-time college sports 
these days is what happened to the student 
in "student athlete"? Are colleges and uni- 
versities with major sports programs forget- 
ting their educational mission? Do major 
sports programs even belong on the college 

Unlike a stunning win or a stinging defeat, 
the answers are uncertain. But the NCAA, 
the sole governing body of maj or college ath- 
letics, is suited up and ready to attack the 



No one in the NCAA 

is talking about serious 

academic reform, says 

sports-law expert 

John Weistart. 

problems with a slew of reforms destined to 
restore education to a prominent position. 

Well, maybe, says John Weistart, Duke law 
professor, co-author of The Law of Sports, and 
frequent commentator on sports and society. 
In his view, portions of the much publicized 
reform efforts smack as much or more of eco- 
nomic concerns as educational, signaling a 
"business as usual" approach to college athle- 
tics. He's uneasy about other reform measures 
that could prevent some students from ever 
developing their athletic potential. And he 
firmly believes that the NCAA itself bears 
significant responsibility for the problems 
now plaguing college athletics. 

"For years, the NCAA has tried to con- 
vince us that student athletes are students 
first," says Weistart. "So, what is the defini- 
tion of a student? The NCAA's definition 
has long been that your athletes can be your 
absolutely worst students. To participate in 
one of the revenue-producing sports, ath- 
letes must be able to meet minimum stan- 
dards. There's no requirement that they be 
representative of the student population. 
That strikes me as wrong for academic insti- 
tutions, and that's how we get into the situa- 

tion where, under the guise of providing 
academic opportunity, the schools are actu- 
ally operating some semi-pro teams." 

The NCAA's definition of a student began 
undergoing revision in 1983 with the passage 
of Proposition 48, billed as a sweeping mea- 
sure to restore academic integrity to college 
sports. Scheduled to take effect in 1986 and 
applicable only to the 283 Division I schools, 
the proposition requires that freshman re- 
cruits earn a minimum 2.0 grade point aver- 
age in an eleven-course, high school core 
curriculum and score at least a 700 combined 
math-verbal on the SAT (or a 15 on the 
ACT) in order to be eligible to play intercol- 
legiate sports. Students failing to meet those 
requirements could enroll but could not play 
sports during their freshman year. 

The proposed standards have drawn con- 
siderable protest from some corners— parti- 
cularly among predominantly black schools. 
The argument is that standardized test scores 
are culturally biased against blacks and other 
minorities. If similar standards were already 
in effect, say the experts, more than half of 
black freshmen would be ineligible for com- 
petition at NCAA Division I schools. 

Other concerns pinpoint grade point aver- 
ages as not necessarily indicative of academ- 
ic performance. A revised standard, proposed 
by a special NCAA committee meeting last 
June, recommends combining grades and 
scores for an index whereby poor perform- 
ance on one of the two could be offset by bet- 
ter performance on the other. Thus, no spe- 
cific SAT score or grade point average would 
be required. 

Proponents of the revision say it would re- 
solve the issue of arbitrary test scores as well 
as the disproportionate impact test score 
minimums have on minorities. Opponents 
say it will dilute the original proposition and 
could, for example, permit eligibility for a 
student athlete who scored a zero (400 com- 
bined score) on the SATs if the student were 
to have a C+ average in course work. The 
issue will be a prominent part of the agenda 
for the January NCAA convention in New 
Orleans, Louisiana. 

But, if education is the priority in the re- 

form movement, says Weistart, not even the 
latest revision is enough. "If we really want to 
be true to the notion that intercollegiate 
athletics means we have athletes for whom 
athletics is only an incidental part of their 
life, then the standard clearly available to 
encourage that is to require that the athletes 
be representative of the student body. There 
are ways to achieve that and there would be 
no problem implementing it— but no one in 
the NCAA is talking about a representative 

Unless the standard is brought to bear, the 
new eligibility rules are, in Weistart 's mind, 
simply a watered-down version of the 1983 
proposal. Furthermore, he contends, they 
will have only marginal impact because they 
still sanction the building of a team on aca- 
demically subpar students. The minimum 
standard remains essentially intact. 

During the NCAA's special session last 
summer, a number of proposals were passed 
to put college sports back on the integrity 
track. Key provisions of these reforms seek to 
place greater emphasis on graduation of stu- 
dent athletes. As a condition for eligibility 
in the NCAA championships, member in- 
stitutions must make annual reports to the 
NCAA concerning compliance with NCAA 
eligibility requirements as well as graduation 
rates for athletes and all students. 

That's only a beginning, says Weistart, 
who questions the value of such a measure 
when there is no defined outcome of a re- 
ported low graduation rate. "There's no sub- 
stantive control," he says. "Nobody has yet 
said that if you report a low rate, that there's 
anything wrong with that. The NCAA 
wasn't even asking about graduation rates 
before now, so it's a good starting point. But 
nobody should believe we're on the road to 
serious academic reform. We still have many 
hurdles to cross." 

One of those hurdles, and to many ob- 
servers the biggest hurdle in the intercol- 
legiate sports arena, is distinguishing aca- 
demic concerns from financial. "There are 
two very different reasons why one might be 
dismayed by the recent college sports scan- 
dals," wrote Weistart in The New York Times. 
"For some, the incidents reveal the extent to 
which major collegiate athletics has sepa- 
rated itself from its educational origins. For 
this group, the 4 percent graduation rate 
among black basketball players at the Uni- 
versity of Georgia is shocking, as is the 
charge by the NAACP that no black basket- 
ball player has graduated from Memphis 
State in the last twelve years. Even more 
devastating, however, is the realization that 
at least on the face of it, those low gradua- 
tion rates suggest no violation of rules estab- 
lished by the NCAA. Those concerned 
about these results would seek to restore edu- 
cation to the highest priority. 

"However, for others, academics are only 

an incidental issue. For many involved in ad- 
ministering major college sports programs, 
the recent scandals are a concern, but main- 
ly because they have financial implications." 
The implications are life-threatening to 
programs that have come to depend mightily 
on lucrative TV contracts, gate receipts, and 
public financial support generated through 
major intercollegiate competition. "Big-time 
athletics is big business, and generates huge 
revenues," says Weistart. Last year, for exam- 
ple, the University of Georgia generated $9 
million through its major sports programs, 
$6 million just from football. Each of the 
Division I basketball teams participating in 

the 1986 NCAA final four championship is 
expected to receive some $835,000. Says 
Weistart, "There's very little incentive with- 
in the NCAA to give up the goose that lays 
the golden egg." And if the golden egg is the 
primary focus, then present-day reform ef- 

forts are merely paying lip service to educa- 
tion, while attempting to shore up the image 
of intercollegiate athletics as a stridently 
commercial venture. 

In Weistart 's view, the reform movement is 
moving uncomfortably closer to economics. 
"I don't see anybody prepared to give up the 
substantial economic rewards that go with 
the present arrangement. The new academic 
reforms are going to have an effect on who it 
is that participates in those rewards. They're 
not going to change the question of whether 
those rewards are going to be pursued. We 
have not really approached the toughest 
question. How serious is our academic en- 
deavor going to be in intercollegiate sports?" 

The green is peeking through the academ- 
ic robes, according to Weistart. Stiffened 
penalties for cheaters delineate between 
major and secondary violations, but the test 
is whether the offender has gained "an exten- 
sive recruiting or competitive advantage," as 
opposed to any form of educational corrup- 
tion, such as bogus courses, a curriculum of 
so-called "gut courses," or repeating course 
work. The penalties are long overdue and 
threaten colleges with having their entire 
sports seasons canceled. Coaches could lose 
their jobs and would carry NCAA sanctions 
with them instead of leaving them at the 
school where violations occurred. Athletes 
could be forced to forfeit their eligibility if 
caught in flagrant violations. 

But educational abuses play no explicit 
role in punishable offenses. If they did, the 
most stringent sanctions would be, in 
Weistart's words, "reserved for those pro- 
grams that had so drained themselves of edu- 
cational content as to be disqualified from a 
competition that represents itself as aca- 
demically related." Cheating for a competitive 
advantage would not be the worst possible 

As part of the NCAA's effort to stem il- 
legal payments, member institutions had 
until October 1 to complete a series of affi- 
davits about financial aid to student athletes 
or risk loss of NCAA championship partici- 
pation. Athletes had to provide information 
on all aid and extra benefits provided by the 
colleges, coaches, or other individuals. 
Coaches had to disclose any knowledge of 
athletic aid and benefits that might break 
NCAA rules. Weistart views these measures 
as more showmanship than reform, an effort 
to quell public concern about widespread 
dishonesty in college athletics. "The tempta- 
tion for perjury is great; the same people who 
lied before are going to again, because there's 
no incentive to answer honestly." 

In the Times, he pointed out that coaches 
who encouraged an athlete to take an im- 
proper payment one week will have little 
trouble eliciting the desired signature the 
next. "The NCAA may want us to be re- 
assured by a mound of signed affidavits," he 

wrote. "But problems as fundamental as those 
in college sports are not that easily resolved." 

Another pro-academics measure being 
discussed is a ban on all freshman participa- 
tion in intercollegiate athletics, or at least 
limiting participation by having freshman 
teams or"red-shirting."Ostensibly, the move 
would give freshmen a year to establish 
themselves as students first. But, Weistart 
would ask, is the motive educational? On 
several counts, not necessarily. 

If freshmen participate on any level, he 
says, they are still involved in the daily and 
time-consuming rigors of practice, team 
meetings, and training sessions. And if a uni- 
versal ban on freshman eligibility is enacted, 
it penalizes those schools— such as Duke— 
whose freshman athletes are able to make 
substantial contributions to their teams 
while sustaining academic performance. As 
Weistart said in The New York Times, a uni- 
versal ban on freshman eligibility smacks of 
economic concerns because "it insures that 
no competitor, especially one that attracts 
bright, capable students, gains an advant- 
age." He proposes that eligibility be tied to 
graduation rates, and those schools with 
above average rates be allowed to use fresh- 
men. Schools with lower rates would be 
required to give freshmen a year to acclimate 
themselves to student status. "There is a 
competitive disadvantage here," he says, "but 
it has a clear educational premise." 

It's the kind of reform that Duke and Notre 
Dame would understandly support, with 
their extraordinary graduation rates. "Hope- 
fully, all of us are recruiting young men who 
we think can graduate," Duke basketball 
coach Mike Krzyzewski told The Washington 
Post. "Otherwise, we're a bunch of pimps and 
whores, and we're just using these kids." 

Education or economics. Which premise 
will prevail at the January NCAA conven- 
tion? "We're at a crossroads now and we've got 
to go one way or the other," says Weistart. 
"We're either going to have to run more can- 
didly operated pre-professional teams out of 
colleges or go the other route and give more 
allegiance to the student status of these 

The NCAA's year-old Presidents' Com- 
mission is serious about educational reform 
and is expected to take an increasingly active 
role in NCAA affairs. Historically, says 
Weistart, a university's chief executive has 
not had a particularly audible voice. "Until 
about three years ago, the decision-making 
in this area was exercised by the athletic 
department. And at many schools, the mis- 
sion described to the department was not 
education, but financial success. So, the 
people making the decisions within the 
NCAA were doing so geared around the 
impact of these rules on the institution's 
financial fortunes. But the conditions in 
intercollegiate sports became so scandalous 

"We're either going to 

have to run more 
candidly operated pre- 
professional teams out of 
colleges or go the other 

route and give more 

allegiance to the student 

status of these players," 

says Weistart. 

that the presidents became more aware and, 
to some extent, embarrassed by what they 

In some cases, it was in the chief execu- 
tive's best self interest to ignore the prob- 
lems. When the showdown came between 
Clemson University President William 
Atchley and athletic department interests, 
Atchley lost— his job. A similar scenario was 
played out a decade earlier when Paul Hardin 
'52, J.D. '54, then president of Southern 
Methodist University, reported various 
NCAA rule infractions committed by the 
SMU football team. SMU went on proba- 
tion, and mounting pressures on Hardin led 
to his resignation. "I represented a stubborn 
determination to follow the rules," he says, 
"but there was a strong counter-influence all 
over the Southwest Conference." Shortly 
after the run-in, he and the other university 
presidents in the conference met to discuss 
the problem of abuse in intercollegiate ath- 
letics. "Of the eight," Hardin recalls, "four 
said, 'We don't run the program. We wouldn't 
have the power to clean up the mess.'" 

Now president of Drew University, Hardin 
is a member of the NCAA Presidents' Com- 
mission and is hot on the trail to reform. As 
for SMU, its most recent abuses in football 
brought an unprecedented series of NCAA 
sanctions, including the loss of all new scho- 
larships for 1986. 

Even as college and university presidents 
begin to scrutinize their athletic programs, 
the question looms. Do big-time athletics 
belong on campus? "It's a close question," 
says Hardin. "On my gloomy days, I think 
big-time athletics are inconsistent with the 
values of the academy. On my brighter days, 
I believe there's a slim chance we can restore 
enough integrity to the big-time programs, 
and preserve the legitimate role of education." 

"The NCAA is a broad-based body, and 
consensus isn't likely," says Dr. William 
Bradford, associate dean of undergraduate 

medical education at Duke, a member of the 
NCAA Council, and president of the associa- 
tion's faculty athletic representatives' forum. 
"Big-time athletics can work on campus if 
they take a back seat to academics. Academ- 
ic policy should dictate athletic policy. Duke 
is living proof that it can." 

Weistart, however, isn't so sure. He's not 
even convinced that the narrowly defined 
athletic opportunities offered by the NCAA 
are in the best interest of the student athletes 
and the schools. "If we're really going to be 
rigorous in the educational endeavor," says 
Weistart, "then it's likely that the economic 
rewards are going to begin moving outside 
colleges. We clearly have a lot of people in- 
volved in intercollegiate sports who would 
not be there except this is the exclusive 
mechanism for pre-professional training." 

Weistart says that the academic-athletic 
link as structured by the NCAA is "unnatur- 
al" in its assumption that there must be some 
tie between the refinement of one's physical 
and intellectual skills. He calls it "the Great 
American Non Sequitur." 

"Unless you're prepared to go into a four- 
year school, you really can't— in any mean- 
ingful way— plug yourself into professional 
athletics," says Weistart. "Compared to the 
options available to others leaving high 
school, the path defined for the talented foot- 
ball or basketball player is incredibly narrow; 
it is essentially a four-year university program 
or nothing. The pattern we impose on virtu- 
ally 100 percent of our pre-professional foot- 
ball and basketball players is the one that less 
than 30 percent of a general population of 
high school graduates would choose," he 
wrote in The New York Times. 

As the NCAA tightens its eligibility re- 
quirements for intercollegiate competition, 
Weistart wonders where those student ath- 
letes will go who are then filtered out of the 
system. "We're essentially sending them back 
to the streets, or to play in Europe," he says. 
Take the case of Cedric Henderson, star fresh- 
man basketball player last season at the Uni- 
versity of Georgia. After a protracted dispute 
with the NCAA over a recruiting violation 
during which the six-foot-nine center lost 
his eligibility and had it reinstated, he lost it 
again because of poor academic perform- 
ance. Johnson left school to play pro ball in 
Milan, Italy, only to be cut from that team. 

"The question is, where do promising ath- 
letes in this country go when they're not 
suited to a four-year college?" Weistart asks. 
"I feel very definitely that as long as the 
NCAA is operating what is essentially a 
monopoly on pre-professional sports, it has 
an obligation to be concerned about people 
it is sending elsewhere." 

He proposes a number of alternatives to 
compulsory university entanglements for 
pre-professional athletes, such as relaxing 
the four-year university standard to encom- 

pass part-time students, and students enrolled 
in vocational schools and community col- 
leges. Baseball is an example, he says, of this 
greater flexibility, where roughly half of the 
high-quality players choose to enroll in col- 
lege, while the remainder combine play in 
farm league systems with various education- 
al, training, or employment arrangements. 

Weistart envisions a system where spon- 
sors—ranging from local Y's and job training 
centers to national corporations— would be 
found for non-collegiate athletic teams, 
which would be encouraged to compete with 
collegiate teams. "Those concerned about 
the academic compromises that are frequently 
prompted by the present arrangement might 
welcome the dispersal of athletic opportuni- 
ties," says Weistart. "Since universities would 
no longer bear the burden of providing the 
only avenue for further [athletic] training, 
they would be justified in returning to an 
academic standard not skewed by athletic 

Weistart also proposes a restructuring of 
financial aid for student athletes to resemble 
more closely that given other students. Such 
aid would be need-based, with determination 
made outside the athletic department. 

In such a setting, intercollegiate athletics 
might assume a more balanced role within the 
university community. "At Drew, we're a divi- 
sion III team," says President Hardin. "We give 
no scholarships, we have walk-ons, we don't 
charge admission. In this environment, inter- 
collegiate athletics is a joy. Sometimes on a 
Saturday, I miss the big game. But I sure don't 
miss what goes on between Saturdays." 

In Weistart's view, the time has come to 
recognize the distinctions between higher 
education and pre-professional athletics. But 
debate within the NCAA thus far suggests a 
strong desire to forge a more honorable link 
between the two. The challenge for the big- 
time programs is whether the golden rule can 
be applied to the goose that lays the golden 

Fathers do it. Bar owners 
do it. Friends do it. 
Lawyers do it. Some do it 
well. And some don't. They 
call themselves sports agents, 
because they have represented, 
or will represent, or hope to 
represent athletes in the pros. 

The best of them negotiate 
solid contracts for their 
clients, and help them build 
long-term financial security 
from a decidedly short-term 
profession. The worst of them 
recommend dubious invest- 
ments, grab their percentage 
up front, then disappear 

Anyone can claim to be a 
sports agent, which can make 
life treacherous if not confus- 
ing for a budding athletic 
talent eyeing a career in pro- 
fessional sports. So Duke has 
established a panel known as 
the Committee on Counseling 
Future Professional Athletes. 
The panel advises top Duke 
athletes on selecting an agent 
and helps them understand 
the contractual arrangements 
in professional sports. It also 

seeks to prevent undergradu- 
ate athletes from inadvertent- 
ly losing their NCAA eligibility 
by signing with an agent be- 
fore their college career is 

"Despite fairly widespread 
evidence of mismanagement 
and incompetence by some 
sports agents, there is no sys- 
temic regulation of them," 
says John Weistart, Duke law 
professor and member of the 
counseling panel. "So in the 
absence of any sort of regula- 
tion by society in general, 
somebody else is going to 
have to become involved." 

Duke's new program follows 
by two years the NCAA's pas- 
sage of legislation that author- 
ized university involvement in 
the welfare of students bound 
for the pros. A distinctive fea- 
ture of the committee -also 
made up of law professor and 
Duke NCAA faculty repre- 
sentative A. Kenneth Pye and 
Eugene McDonald, university 
counsel and senior vice presi- 
dent for university a 

its plan to register agents. 
Committee members will 
generate information about 
whom the agents have 
represented, their back- 
ground, their affiliations. 

"It's not that the university 
will select the agent," says 
Weistart. "That's the decision 
of the athlete and the family 
or whoever else is involved. 
But Duke will play a role in 
making sure that the informa- 
tion is complete. 

"The program's not in- 
tended to be heavy-handed, 
but to ensure that there is 
some regular procedure for 
contact between the agent, 
the school, and the athlete, 
rather than allowing those 
contacts to develop very 
haphazardly." Weistart says 
that the players and coaches 
involved thus far are receptive 
to the free program, and that 
it has full support from the 
athletic department. 

Acting as gatekeeper be- 
tween athletes and agents has 
traditionally been a duty of 
the coach. "Generally speak- 
ing, some are effective as gate- 
keeper and some aren't," 
Weistart says. Football coach 
Steve Sloan says he will offer 
his views in addition to those 
of the committee but expects 
that the committee will pro- 
vide "the primary thrust of 
information." He says, "In my 
view, it's a much-needed pro- 
gram and offers a valuable 
and helpful service to the 

BasketbaU coach Mike 
Krzyzewski anticipates that 
his players will make regular 
use of the committee. "It will 
definitely eliminate many 
nonimputable agents and en- 
able the student athlete to 
make better use of his time in 
choosing from a small amount 
of top-quality people." 

Continued from page 35 

Though retired Army General William 
Westmoreland dropped his suit against CBS, 
Dale thinks it and the Sharon v. Time Maga- 
zine suit will eventually lead to a cutting back 
of the virtually complete freedom the press 
now enjoys. "I think the public has become 
more sensitive that the press can be unfair," 
he says. 

In his acceptance speech after receiving 
the Joseph Quinn Memorial Award from the 
Los Angeles Press Club last March, Dale 
warned: "Reporters, editors, and broadcasters 
ought to be paying close attention to the 
public reaction to their latest travails— gov- 
ernment restrictions and big-ticket libel 
suits.... A great many Americans aren't the 

least bit concerned. They think the media 
are getting what they deserve. This paradox 
deserves pondering, especially by journalists 
who react so defensively to criticism. 

"In a democracy, the law must protect free- 
dom of the press maximally to guarantee that 
citizens can shop at will in the marketplace 
of ideas and are provided with the informa- 
tion they need to act responsibly in their 
own interests. Maximal protection means 
there is room for error and irresponsibility. It 
does not mean, however, that journalism 
characterized by error and irresponsibility 
should be considered acceptable just because 
there is an acceptable rationale for permit- 
ting it under the law. And it does not mean 
that, when there is a clash between constitu- 
tionally protected values such as freedom of 
the press and an individual's right not to 

have his reputation unfairly dragged through 
the mud, freedom of the press must prevail in 
every case." 

No, Dale is not talking out of both sides of 
his mouth when criticizing Ronald Reagan 
for "restraining" the news and being "too in- 
accessible," yet praising his infrequent news 
conferences before the last election as "bril- 
liant political strategy." He is walking the fine 
line between newspaper publisher and poli- 
tician, seeing both sides of the story. 

"It's bad to conduct the nation's business in 
private, but we've let it happen," Dale says. 
"The press ought to find a way to get through 
the door, to do a better job." ■ 

Chansky is a free-lance writer living in Chapel Hill. 
His last piece for Duke Magazine was on football 
coach Steve Sloan. 







The first exchange effort between the 
Kingdom of Morocco and an Ameri- 
can university took place in Septem- 
ber, when an entourage of some eighty 
Moroccans arrived on campus for a five-day 
cultural festival. 

Coordinated by religion professor Bruce 
Lawrence and Miriam Cooke, assistant 
professor of Arabic language and literature, 
the festival featured a Moroccan crafts fair, 
folklore demonstration, fashion show, and 
an authentic Moroccan feast under tradi- 
tional tents, which attracted more than 500 

Cooke and Fatima Tousti, a Moroccan 
jounalist, presented a lecture on the role of 
women in Moroccan society, and Lawrence 
gave an illustrated lecture on the history of 
Morocco. Brian Silver, assistant dean for the 
Study Abroad program and director of Inter- 
national House, joined with a group of Mor- 
rocan musicians in a presentation of North 
African music. The festival is the culmina- 
tion of the involvement of Silver, Cooke, 
and Lawrence in teaching exchange pro- 
grams in Morocco. 

The delegation from the North African 
nation included Maati Jorio, Moroccan 
ambassador to the United States, three 

deans from the University of Marrakech, 
and representatives of the High Atlas, the 
leading Marrakech business and cultural 
civic organization and the primary sponsor 
of the festival. Also participating was Angier 
Duke, former ambassador to Morroco and 
president of the Morocco-American Founda- 
tion, another of the festival's sponsors. 

Ambassador Jorio met with North Caro- 
lina Governor James Martin to discuss a state- 
to-country link for commercial ventures as 
well as cultural exchange. Jorio later said he'd 
suggested that agriculture, tourism, and high 
technology were among areas of potential 
cooperation between North Carolina and 
the Kingdom of Morocco. At a Duke press 
conference, Angier Duke said that a North 
Carolina council of the Moroccan-American 
Foundation will be established to promote 
the joint effort, and that his son, St. George 
Duke '59, would help run the council. 


Retired Army General William West- 
moreland, a key military figure in 
the Vietnam War, told a capacity 
crowd at Duke that U.S. troops in Vietnam 
never lost a significant battle, but the 
strategy of the war sent a message of U.S. 
political insecurity to Hanoi. 

"The bombing was on and off— a monitor 
of political pressure at home," he said. "The 
enemy got a message not of strength, but of 
political weakness." The nation's "obsession 
with Vietnam was chiefly emotional and 
ideological, and not strategic." 

Westmoreland commanded military forces 
in Vietnam from 1964 to 1968, during the 
period of the American buildup and some of 
the heaviest fighting, including the 1968 Tet 
offensive. In his September speech at Duke, 
he said the war was one of communist aggres- 
sion, just as the Korean War was, and that 
U.S. involvement was crucial in deterring 
rapid communist expansion "that would 
have spread all the way to Singapore if we 
had not taken a stand." The war gave other 
Southeast Asian nations a ten-year "breath- 
ing spell," in his words, from communist 

A vocal defender of Vietnam veterans, the 
71-year-old Westmoreland criticized public 
response to their homecoming. "Few could 
imagine in the Forties and Fifties that men 
could be sent to war in the Sixties by their 
nation, and after years of being ignored— 
and in some cases abused— would as a group 
stage a welcome home for themselves be- 
cause nobody else would do it. And that they 
would build a monument to their dead with 
money raised from private sources, asking 
from the government they served only a site— 
a piece of real estate. 

"That in a nutshell is the legacy of those 
who in other times and other wars would 
have been welcomed home as heroes," he 
said. Westmoreland cited a 1980 Harris sur- 
vey on Vietnam veterans: "Ninety-one per- 
cent said they were glad they served; 74 per- 
cent said they enjoyed their time there; and 
two out of three said they would go 
again. ...They are a precious national asset." 

Westmoreland made national headlines 
earlier this year when he initiated a libel suit 
against CBS News. In his $120 million suit, 
which he dropped just before the 18-week- 
old trial was to go to the jury, Westmoreland 
contended that CBS libeled him in its 1982 
broadcast of a documentary, The Uncounted 
Enemy: A Vietnam Deception. The program 
suggested that enemy strength just before 
the Tet offensive had been under-reported so 
the appearance of progress would justify con- 
tinuing the war. 

Westmoreland said he decided to drop the 
case after CBS issued a statement affirming 
Westmoreland's patriotism and loyalty to his 

duties as commander of American forces in 
Vietnam. He added that the jury had no ex- 
perience in military affairs and that the 
media have an inherent advantage in libel 
cases. "The chances of my getting a favorable 
judgment from the jury was no better than 
the flip of a coin [and] I concluded that a 
court of law is no place to decide history." In 
calling for a "national news council" to over- 
see the news media, Westmoreland warned, 
"If the media does not set up and adhere to 
proper standards, there will be increasing 
pressure for outside interference." 


The Soviet Union would have to send 
half a million troops into Afghanistan 
to seize control of the countryside 
and crush the five-year-old Afghan guerilla 
war, says a top U.S. authority on Afghanistan. 
Meanwhile, according to an American 
journalist's book, the United States is pour- 
ing millions into Afghan resistance aid— far 
more money than many people realize. 

There's no indication the Kremlin is will- 
ing to shift that many troops to Afghanistan: 
Most of them would have to come from 
forces on the tense border with China, says 
Louis Dupree, a visiting professor of anthro- 
pology and political science at Duke. As a 
result, the Afghan guerilla war likely will 
continue at its current level for the foresee- 
able future. 

The Soviets have an estimated 100,000 
troops in Afghanistan, opposed by 80,000 to 
100,000 loosely organized and ill-equipped 
guerillas. "That's not a satisfactory Soviet-to- 
guerilla ratio," says Dupree. 

The 60-year-old archaeologist lived in 
Afghanistan for more than twenty years, 
conducting research and teaching. He re- 
cently returned from the latest of several 
clandestine trips there with a party of 
mujahidin freedom fighters. On his foray he 
became convinced that the Soviets would 
need at least a half-million troops to stamp 
out the stubborn Afghan resistance and take 
control of the countryside. But he believes 
the Soviets are reluctant to raise the level of 
combat, choosing instead an "acceptable 
level" of casualties, estimated at 20,000 to 
30,000 dead and wounded since 1979, when 
the invasion began. 

Dupree says the Afghan guerillas desperate- 
ly need western weapons and training, and 
the United States should join with its allies 
in seeing that the guerillas are properly 
equipped for combat. 

Henry S. Bradsher, a Soviet affairs special- 
ist who worked as an Associated Press cor- 
respondent in Afghanistan in the 1960s, 
claims that some 80 percent of the CIA's 
covert operations budget now goes to aid the 

mujahidin struggle against Soviet occupa- 
tion. In the second edition of his book, 
Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, just pub- 
lished by Duke University Press, he says that 
Congress allocated more than $250 million 
for the guerillas in the fiscal year that began 
October 1, 1984. "This reportedly more than 
doubled the size of the program to help the 
mujahidin," he writes, "and would, by late 
1985 , bring total U.S. aid since 1979 to $625 
million." First published in 1983, Bradsher's 
book became the standard work on the 
Soviet Union's bid to subdue Afghanistan. 

Dupree says that the Soviets are using 
Afghanistan as a proving ground for new 
weapons, as the United States did in Viet- 
nam. "They saw it as a target of opportunity," 
he says, because the country, one of the most 
economically backward in southwest Asia, 
had revolted against the Soviet-leaning 
regime of Mohammad Taraki in 1979. 

Obviously frustrated by years of incon- 
clusive fighting, the Soviets are turning to 
search-and-destroy operations that some- 
times wipe out entire villages suspected of 
harboring guerillas, says Dupree. These tac- 
tics are a form of "migratory genocide" that 
has emptied Afghanistan of a third of its 
population since 1979. Most of the refugees 
have fled to camps in Pakistan. Dupree says 
such tactics have disgusted many young 
Russian conscripts, some of whom have gone 
over to the guerillas to avoid participation in 
further mass killings. 

Bradsher's assessment of Afghanistan's 
future is bleak. The country and its fiercely 
independent tribesmen face "an unchanged 
prospect of continued warfare, destruction 
and suffering, pain and bloodshed," he writes. 
The Soviets have entered their sixth year of 
the guerilla war— the longest war in the 
Soviet Union's history. But the Kremlin, 
Bradsher says, seems to regard time as being 
on its side, and believes that it eventually 
will wipe out the guerilla resistance. 


business man 
Joseph M. Bryan has 
given $10 million to 
the Duke Medical 
Center to build £ 
major research cen- 
ter. The facility's 
primary purpose 
will be investigat- 
ing Alzheimer's 

The donation is the largest single gift to 
the university from a North Carolina resident 
since James B. Duke created the endowment 

in 1924 that transformed Trinity College 
into Duke University. Groundbreaking cere- 
monies for the Joseph and Kathleen Bryan 
Research Building are scheduled for mid- 

"I've always believed in supporting projects 
that need immediate attention," Bryan said 
when announcing the gift. "There are times 
when research funds can be slow in coming, 
simply because of the lengthy approval pro- 
cess for federal and foundation grants. But 
this kind of research can't wait. In such cases, 
I think the private sector can have its most 
positive influence." Kathleen Price Bryan, 
who died in August 1984, suffered from 

Commenting on what he refers to as "the 
Bryans' innate generosity of mind and spirit," 
President H. Keith H. Brodie says "these 
Duke benefactors— Joseph and his late wife 
Kathleen— have established a record of gifts 
that is virtually unmatched in the history of 
the university." The Greensboro couple were 
the largest individual donors to the univer- 
sity center, which was named in their honor. 

"Joe Bryan is a giant in the league with 
James B. Duke," says Dr. William G. Anlyan, 
chancellor for health affairs. "Both have 
understood the importance of high-quality 
research for the benefit of humanity. 

"Alzheimer's disease and related degenera- 
tive diseases have reached epidemic propor- 
tions affecting many families in the United 
States," Anlyan says. "This new facility will 
enable Duke to be at the forefront of research 
in seeking the means to prevent or cure a 
dreaded disease." 

The disease usually strikes older people 
but can occur in middle age. It slowly robs its 
victims of their memory and reason, making 
them increasingly helpless and dependent. 
As many as 2 million Americans may have 
the fatal brain disease. Its cause and cure are 
unknown. For the past seven years, the de- 
velopment of a Family Support Network for 
Alzheimer's patients has been a major focus 
of Duke's Center for the Study of Aging and 
Human Development. 

Bryan is a member of the board of Jefferson 
Pilot Corporation. His most recent gift to 
the university was $250,000 in memory of 
his wife to create a brain bank where brain 
tissue from Alzheimer's victims could be 
frozen and stored for study. Among Alz- 
heimer's disease research projects at Duke 
are studies to define the changes the disease 
causes in brain chemistry, says Dr. Allen D. 
Roses, professor and chief of neurology. 

"Creation of a brain bank enabled the 
medical center to compete for one of five 
large National Institute of Aging grants that 
were awarded in September," says Roses. 
Duke was selected to receive a $3.9 million 
federal grant for Alzheimer's disease research. 
In addition to providing funds for research 
projects, the grant will permit the hiring of 


additional clinical and laboratory personnel. 

"Recent laboratory technology, particular- 
ly in molecular genetics, has given us the 
means of finding needles in haystacks," Roses 
says. "Through rapid autopsy, we are able to 
preserve the chemistry of the brain, which 
deteriorates very rapidly after death. 

"No one has yet been able to measure the 
dynamic biochemical activities that occur 
in Alzheimer's disease, and basic research 
like this could ultimately have implications 
for treatment." 



ad news on the kudzu front: The 
enemy's gaining strength from an 
invisible ally. 

It looks like there's going to be more kudzu 
on the Yazoo and just about everywhere else 
the pesky vine has taken root, says Duke 
botany researcher and doctoral candidate 
Tom Sasek. He's found that kudzu loves car- 
bon dioxide, the invisible gas that plants 
need for photosynthesis. 

That means that kudzu, which enjoys a 
peculiar status in the South, somewhat on 
the order of grits in abundance and carpet- 
baggers in desirability, will produce more 
kudzu as the atmospheric level of carbon 
dioxide rises. 

Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) is a high-climbing 
vine in the bean family. Given half a chance, 
it will drape full-grown trees. A healthy 
vine— and Sasek says he's never seen one that 
wasn't— can grow up to ten inches a day, and 
the further south it is, the faster it grows. 
"Kudzu has a lot of leaf area," he says. "It's 
very efficient at capturing sunlight." 

Sasek put kudzu on a high carbon dioxide 
diet at Duke's Phytotron— a controlled- 
climate botanical laboratory operated by 
Duke for the National Science Foundation. 
At a carbon dioxide level of 675 parts per 
million, double the current atmospheric 
level but one expected to be reached in the 
next century, the vine stems grew up to 40 
percent longer than plants at current levels 
of the gas. 

Researchers say the global level of carbon 
dioxide has been rising since the start of the 
Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth 
century due to burning of fossil fuels. The gas 
is a main product of combustion. According 
to Sasek, carbon dioxide is behind the much- 
debated "greenhouse effect" theory, which 
holds that rising carbon dioxide levels will 
trap heat in the atmosphere. That would lead 
to global warming— and even more kudzu, he 
says. The vine's current northern limit is Mary- 
land, but it could creep toward Pennsylvania if 
the mean global temperature rises a couple of 

Sasek is so interested in kudzu that he's going 
to Japan for a year on a Fulbright scholarship 
to study it. 

Kudzu was brought to this country from East 
Asia about a century ago as a source of cattle 
fodder and for erosion control. The vine was 
planted extensively in the 1930s by the U.S. 
Soil Conservation Service, but by the 1960s 
the plant had become such a pest in southern 
fields and along roadsides— choking the day- 
lights out of its flora victims by denying them 
life-giving sunlight— that it was declared a 
weed. Kudzu doesn't give up easily, even in the 
face of unrestricted warfare. 

Sasek says the tap root can grow to a foot in 
diameter and extend to eight feet in the earth. 
Finding a tap root hidden by thousands of 
square feet of leafy kudzu is enough trouble, 
but then repeated applications of herbicide are 
needed to kill it. 

"Kudzu doesn't have any natural controls in 
this country," says Sasek. "Essentially, nobody 
or no thing wants to mess with it." 


It is astonishing to me that we have 
raised as much as we have, as soon as we 
have— $50 million in hand or reason- 
ably assured. That assessment came from 
Joel Fleishman, chairman of Duke's Capital 
Campaign for the Arts and Sciences, in a 
September report to the board of trustees. In 
signed pledges, the campaign "already has 
raised twice the amount raised for endow- 
ment for the entire university" during the 
Epoch Campaign of the mid-Seventies, "and 
this in half the time, and for arts and sciences 
endowment alone." And counting "extremely 

likely" pledges as well as secured pledges 
produces a figure "nearly three times the 

In signed pledges alone, the campaign has, 
in its first two-and-a-half years, doubled the 
pre-campaign restricted endowment for the 
arts and sciences. The largest portion of that 
endowment hike has been designated for 
faculty support, Fleishman said. 

"The financial need is clear," he told the 
trustees, "having come about in the Seventies 
and early Eighties in large part through the 
ravages of inflation, which seriously eroded 
the purhcasing power of our endowment, 
and the decline in government support." 
While Duke's endowment has been growing 
continuously, he added, it has defrayed a 
sharply declining share of university ex- 
penses—from 40 percent in 1960 to 17 per- 
cent in 1970 to 10.5 percent in 1985. 

According to Fleishman, campaign progress 
should be measured against what he calls 
"the barriers to success," including a failure— 
now being corrected, he said— to cultivate 
adequately among alumni "a loyalty that is 
the prequisite of generosity." 

"Because of more than generous income 
from the original endowment, we simply 
perceived no need to raise money from 
alumni.... When those who were to become 
alumni were still students, we did nothing 
designed purposely to inculcate a sense of 
obligation to support Duke, as do those insti- 
tutions which have the nationally highest 
level of alumni giving— Princeton, Dart- 
mouth, Harvard, Yale, and Stanford. Once 
our students left the campus, essentially we 
substantially forgot about them." 

Because of Duke's generous initial endow- 
ment support and the resulting widespread 
impression that Duke had no great need for 
additional money, the "internal apparatus 
necessary to raise sizable amounts of money" 
was not in place before the campaign, Fleish- 
man said. But the campaign is succeeding in 
"organizing our external constituencies," he 

"We are succeeding in getting to know our 
alumni and in convincing them both of the 
university's interest in them and of Duke's 
genuine need for their financial support... We 
are doing exactly the same with parents of 
present and former students." Campaign 
workers are also "forming strong national 
networks designed specifically to raise 
money now and in the future for various 
components of the university"; they are 
"creating campaign organizations for each of 
twenty-six cities and regions"; and they are 
"extending and strengthening Duke's ties 
with corporations and foundations." 

Although considered by some "a hopeless- 
ly unattainable dream" in its planning stages, 
the $200-million campaign "has become in 
fact a bold vision demonstrably in the pro- 
cess of realization," Fleishman said. 

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Continued from page 10 

course, "Topics in Psychobiology," is again on 
the rolls. "Teaching for me has always been 
fun, even sort of a privilege," he says. And he 
has called on his faculty colleagues to reward 
good teaching as well as research in promo- 
tion and tenure decisions: "We should strive 
for the ideal— a scholar whose scholarship is 
as evident in the classroom as it is in print." 

It was research— particularly research into 
proteins— that sustained Brodie's interest as 
a Princeton undergraduate and chemistry 
major. His plan was to go on for a Ph.D. in 
chemistry; but after his research efforts put 
him in close touch with hospitals and hospi- 
tal physicians, his thoughts turned to medi- 
cal school. He ended up at Columbia Uni- 
versity's College of Physicians and Surgeons. 
"In that setting, I began to see three leading- 
edge areas— work with organ transplants, 
work with viruses and tumors, and the whole 
area of biochemistry and its relationship to 
mental illness, which was not well under- 
stood. I began to enjoy psychiatry, to enjoy 
talking with patients, and psychotherapy 
seemed to be something I had some skill at 
doing." Brodie served a residency at the 
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. 
Putting his chemistry background to use, he 
worked, for two years, as a clinical associate 
in psychiatry at the National Institute of 
Mental Health. His research focus, mostly 
involving the drug lithium, was on one of 
the "leading-edge areas": the biochemical 
basis of mood disorders such as mania and 
depression. He continued the work at Stan- 
ford's psychiatry department, which he 
joined in 1970. 

Brodie's curriculum vitae includes a five- 
page list of articles in peer-reviewed journals, 
plus a list of nine books for which he is a co- 
author or co-editor. He says he keeps current 
with his profession: Psychiatry and medical 
journals often make up his night-time read- 
ing. In 1982-83, he became the youngest 
president in the history of the American Psy- 
chiatric Association. Since then, he has 
spoken out on what he sees as an identity 
crisis for psychiatry— and for medicine 
generally. Psychiatry must emphasize its 
uniqueness, he told the APA in his 1983 
presidential address. Its union of "medical 
knowledge with psychotherapeutic skill" 
provides the best formula for treating mental 
illness, he said. "The nation has been blitzed 
with the psychobabble of pop psychology: 
Everyone wants to be a counselor to a client, 
and there is simply not enough money in the 
health care system to reimburse every 
pseudotherapist offering mental health and 

Elsewhere, Brodie has enthusiastically 
pointed to psychiatry's return to its medical 

roots. "The future looks promising," he wrote 
in a contributed chapter in the book Aca- 
demic Medicine, "as we remedicalize and at- 
tract students to our speciality who have 
become excited by the revolutionary develop- 
ments in the neurosciences." The profession 
would be well-served, he added, if it jetti- 
soned the Freudian couch in order to accom- 
modate "the technologies of behavior 
change— technologies like positron emission 
tomography (PET), a visual-scanning method 
for gauging the metabolic activity of the 

The "specter of corporate medicine" has 
also been a target of Brodie criticism. Be- 
cause of changing financial realities, medi- 
cine is experiencing "a major upheaval," he 
says. Movement away from private fee-for- 
service physicians and toward the "for-profit 
corporatization" of health care, he predicts, 
will bring profound consequences. Chief 
among those consequences: increased num- 
bers of "flat-salaried physicians employed to 
deliver medical service without much in the 
way of continuity or much in the way of re- 
search and teaching." Within the field of 
medicine, he says, there will be more and 
more interest in the business side than in the 
research and teaching side. "That troubles 
me in terms of the long haul, because in 
order to train future physicians to deliver 
quality health care, you have to have availa- 
ble a core of people who can generate new 
knowledge and who can communicate the 
excitement of research." 

Brodie's prognosis for Duke is favorable. 
The number of 18-year-olds may be dropping 
off, but The New York Times did, after all, pin 
the "hot college" label on Duke. "I think 
we're going to remain a hot college," Brodie 
says. "The fact of the matter is that we have 
penetrated some markets that will not shrink. 

We're now in Texas, for instance. We had 300 
applications from Houston last year; five 
years ago, we didn't have fifty. And the 
18-year-old population in that state is not 
going to decline to the extent that it will in 
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio." 

To Brodie, Duke's hot-college status is only 
logical. "Duke is almost one of a kind in hav- 
ing such a strong undergraduate program in a 
university with so many different and out- 
standing professional schools. We're on one 
campus, which is quite different from a place 
like Harvard, where the medical center is far 
removed from the undergraduate learning 
environment. We have an outstanding reli- 
gious life program: The Duke Chapel really 
has no equal. We have a faculty that is quite 
distinguished and growing more so each year 
as we provide the necessary resources, a 
library that is in the top seven in the country 
among private universities. 

"And one of the nice things about our cur- 
rent situation is that we have no major un- 
filled leadership roles within the university. 
We've got a team in place now, many of 
whom I. helped recruit in my work with Terry 
Sanford in the last three years." 

Each July, Brodie breaks away from his 
team, and his hot college, with a family vaca- 
tion in Maine. A tennis player of modest 
ability— at least in his estimation— he is oc- 
casionally on the courts with his children. 
He also takes walks in the evening, with his 
family in tow. "The problem in this job is that 
there are too many lunch and dinner invita- 
tions. In a matter of months, I could easily 
double my weight. So I practice preventive 
medicine through exercise." Although his 
reading routine begins with medical journals, 
it extends to popular novels. Among his 
favorite writers: John Irving, right up to his 
latest, Cider House Rules, and Walker Percy 
(The Second Coming, Lost in the Cosmos), a 
fellow graduate of Columbia's medical 
school. In musical taste, Brodie finds himself 
in tune with "the popular music of our time- 
mostly because our children bring home 
tapes and get me interested in it." When 
Duran Duran played in Greensboro, Brodie 
took his children to see the rock group. "It 
was just great— a mind-bogglingexperience." 

Brodie has suggested that the Duke presi- 
dency might be a career turning point- 
though not necessarily a stopping point. 
Psychiatry and teaching will continue to 
exert a draw on him. But he is eager to make 
his mark as president. However else the sages 
of the future judge his legacy, he says: "I hope 
they'll say that I continued the momentum, 
that I continued the growth of the academic 
enterprise in terms of recruiting excellent 
faculty and quality students. But also, I hope 
they'll say that I brought a certain oneness to 
the university, a unity, such that the com- 
bined strengths will far exceed the indivi- 
dual parts." ■ 



Egypt and the Nile 
January 18-28, 1986 

Cruise the historic River Nile in luxury for 
five days and explore ancient Egypt's temples, 
tombs, and colossal statues in Aswan, Luxor, 
and Karnak. View King Tut's treasures in 
Cairo's Museum of Antiquities. Approxi- 
mately $2,550 from New York. 

ISRAEL, January 27-February 4: option- 
al extension includes visits to the holy places 
of three major faiths and to major archae- 
ological sites such as Masada and Megiddo. 
Approximately $1,000. 

The Virgin Islands 
February 23-March 2, 1986 

Fly directly to St. Thomas to cruise the 
Virgin Islands aboard the luxury yacht, New- 
port Clipper. Ports of call: Charlotte Amalie, 
St. Thomas; Road Town, Tortola; The Bight, 
Norman Island; Leverick Bay, Virgin Gorda; 
Great Harbor, Jost Van Dyke; Cruz Bay, St. 
John. All cabins outside. Approximately 
$1,800, airfare included. 

Passage of the Moors 
April 18-May 2, 1986 

Fly to Casablanca, Morocco, and transfer by 
motorcoach to Rabat for a three-night stay. 
Travel by train to Tangierfor a two-night stay; 
shop and browse the famous Kasbah. From 
Morocco, board a ferry for sailing through the 
Strait of Gibraltar to Spain: three nights in 
Seville; two nights in Granada; three nights 
in Madrid. Approximately $2,575 from 

A Viking Adventure 
June 8-21, 1986 

Sail from Scandinavia to Russia and north- 
ern Europe aboard the deluxe cruise ship, 
Royal Viking Sea. Starting in Copenhagen, 
visit the fascinating cities of Stockholm and 
Helsinki. View the art treasures of the Her- 
mitage in Leningrad. Experience a daylight 
transit of the Kiel Canal through lush farm- 
lands en route to Hamburg and Amsterdam 
before returning to Copenhagen. Outside 
staterooms start at $2,834. 

Cotes du Rhone Passage 
June 30-July 13, 1986 

Fly to Paris for a three-day stay. Take the 
"supertrain" to Lyon 
to board M/S Arlena 
for a seven-day, six- 
night Rhone River 
cruise with stops in 
Trevoux, Vienne, 
Valence, Viviers, and 
Avignon. Coach to 
the Riviera for a 
three-night stay in 
Cannes. Approxi- 
mately $2,895 from 

Costa Rica 
August 8-16, 1986 

Discover the culture, history, and natural 
beauty of exotic Costa Rica, culminating in 
an exciting white-water adventure. Spend a 
day in San Juan followed by a visit to the 
Cloud Forest of Monteverde. See Manuel 
Antonio National Park, swim in the Pacific 
Ocean, and explore the teeming coral reef. 
Approximately $1,395 from Miami. 

The Seas of Ulysses 
September 23-October 6, 1986 

Fly to Venice and board Royal Cruise Line's 
elegant Golden Odyssey. Spend two nights 
in Venice aboard ship, then sail to these fas- 
cinating ports-of-call: Dubrovnik, Kotor 
Fjord, the Greek isles of Corfu and Mykonos, 
ancient Ephesus and Istanbul in Turkey, 
Russia's Odessa and Yalta. Disembark in 
Athens. Staterooms begin at $3,213, airfare 
from Atlanta 
included. „^iftfcii£l : f: 

Fabled Rhineland Cruise 
October 6-14, 1986 

Explore the castles and historic villages of 
the Netherlands, Germany, and France on a 
leisurely cruise of the Rhine River during the 
season of wine harvest festivals. Approxi- 
mately $1,495, airfare from Atlanta included. 

DRIVE, DURHAM, N.C. 27706, (919) 684-5114. 

















Appreciated Stock 

Donated to 

Annuity Trust 

with Income 

to Child 

Savings #1 
Income Tax 


Savings #2 
Capital Gains Tax 

Avoided if 
Appreciated Stock 

5 year, 
8% payout 

Duke receives 
Year 5 

Year 1 

Year 2 

Year 3 

Year 4 

Year 5 


Child's Total 
Income $20,000 






If you establish an Annuity Trust with $50,000 
in principal and an income payout of $4,000 for 
your child or grandchild, you will receive an 
immediate tax deduction of approximately 
$34,837, which will generate an after tax sav- 
ings of about $13,935 (assuming as 40% Federal 
income tax bracket). Furthermore, $20,000 of 
income ($4,000 times 5 years), goes directly to 
the child at essentially no tax to him or her. 

Moreover, if you transfer appreciated (and low- 
yielding) stock, you completely avoid the in- 
herent capital gains tax liability. Duke has had 
considerable experience tailoring these trusts to 
individual needs. For further information, 
please call Michael R. Potter at (919) 684-5347 
or 684-2123 or write him at Duke University, 
2127 Campus Drive, Durham, NC 27706. 

©1985 Duke University 

"Next to 





Our decision to locate in Durham was a good business decision," says Kazuo 
Watanabe, president of Mitsubishi Semiconductor America, Inc. He is one of 20 
new corporate executives who know what Durham has to offer. 

Research Environment 

■ Home of the Famous Research 
Triangle Park (RTP) 

■ Over $716 Million in High-Tech 
Investment Since 1980 

■ Concentration of Scientists/ 
Engineers at Duke, NCCU, UNC 
and N.C. State 


■ Lower Cost of Living 

■ "Big City" Cultural Life 

■ Unparalleled Health Care Facilities 
and Services (City of Medicine) 

■ Excellent Public and Private Schools 

■ Easy Commute to RTP 

Business Advantages 

■ Favorable Tax Structure 

■ Customized Skills Training Through 
Durham Tech 

■ Highly Productive Labor Force 

■ Transportation Hub at Raleigh/ 
Durham Airport 

Considering a new location for your business? Write for our Executive Summary. 

Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce 201 N. Roxboro St. 
Durham, N.C. 2770 1 9 19-682-2 133 




Duke Power's coal-fired generating system was recently named the most efficient in the 
country. An honor that we've won eleven years in a row 

Of course, that makes you a winner, too. Because the level of efficiency at which we 
operate keeps electric rates a lot lower than they are in most parts of the country. 

Over the years we've won lots of other efficiency awards. Our overall generating sys- 
tem has been named the most efficient in the entire nation six times. Something no other 
power company has ever done. And Duke Power's nuclear generating facilities have 
consistently ranked among the nation's most efficient. 

We're proud of our accomplishments. And we wanted you to know about them. But 
we also want you to know that we won't be resting on our laurels. Because, at Duke 
Power, the fight to keep down the cost of electric power is no game. 



a, V / **"*«*orcN ww's^v / ^ fr/ V*, score* *"" ■ JV) ? H I 

V °0'7 C . / /oov. Score* mi.SKiSs / r, C^l/O' . -^ V 


John P<war<y-*"- i 


Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive 

Durham, North Carolina 27706 



JUT 1_ I % Wl £* K I MO 


Non-Profit Org. 
U.S. Postage 

Durham, N.C. 
Permit No. 60 

IJ til .I M « R C " * ^ E S 

Sepp/ioris: enigrraitic excavations (page 12) 






— rrr — r-* 

< < 

m>.r4 < 




For a New Beginning 

Changing established patterns is not easy, and changing the destructive 
aspects of your lifestyle can be especially difficult to do alone. To begin taking 
better care of yourself, you'll need time, a supportive environment, sensible 
information in an atmosphere of trust and acceptance. We can provide the 
tools you need to break old habits, to build a new and healthier style of living 






Duke University Diet and Fitness Center 

804 W.Trinity 

Durham, N.C. 27701 


(919) 684-6331 




It takes a lot to be the best in the printing 
industry. A lot of talent. A lot of hard work. 

And each year printers from around the 
States — and around the world — send the 
best of what they've got to the oldest, most 
prestigious competition in printing. Where 
judges decide if their best is good enough. 

This year, out of six thousand entries at 
the 1985 Printing Industries of America 
Graphic Arts Awards Competition, our best 
was better than good. We won more awards 
than any printer in North Carolina. 

That just shows what talent and hard work 
can do for a printer. And it shows what we 
do every day for our clients — with a lot of 
talent, and a lot of hard work. 


Hunter Publishing Company 

2505 Empire Drive 

Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27103 

Phone: (919) 765-0070, Toll-Free 1-800-334-1988. In North Carolina 1-800-642-0609. 

Duke University 

Alumni Association 

proudly presents 

A Fabulous, Romantic 14-day Air/Sea Cruise 

September 23, 1986 


Aboard Royal Cruise Lines Elegant Golden Odyssey 

A Once-in-a-LHetime Travel Adventure 

Romance awaits you on this cruise to the ports and seas of 
ancient myths. You'll spend two nights in unforgettable Venice 
with the ship as your hotel, then sail to the ancient walled 
city of Dubrovnik and the tiny village of Kotor. In Corfu and 
Hydra, white-washed houses overlook the blue sea, and you 
can shop to your heart's content for handmade pottery and 
sweaters along narrow winding streets. Call at Nauplion for a 
fabulous tour to Mycenae, home of King Agamemnon. You'll 
thrill to the ancient Biblical ruins of Ephesus, and marvel at 
mysterious Istanbul. Russia's resorts of Odessa and Yalta are 
your final stops before awe-inspiring Athens. 

Sail Away on an Odyssey 

You'll sail on the superb Golden Odyssey, one of the world's 
top-rated cruise ships, famed for her extraordinary cuisine and 
service, warm and friendly atmosphere, and the absolutely 
lowest air/sea fares in all of luxury cruising . You'll savor Old 
World comfort and modern luxury, and the uniquely personal 
style of shipboard living that is our own hallmark, a style that 
we call The Mark of the Crown. Sail Away on an Odyssey and 
let Royal Cruise Line bring you the world, with The Mark 
of the Crown. 

Special Duke University Alumni Association 
Bonus Amenities 

While on board the Golden Odyssey, you'll enjoy a $125 
per stateroom credit toward shipboard purchases, a "Get 

Ship's registry: Greece 

Acquainted" Bloody Mary party, souvenir name badges and a 
complimentary group photo (per couple), two bottles of wine 
per stateroom and an exclusive Duke University Alumni 
Association reception. 

Priced from $3213 

This fabulous air/sea cruise begins at just $3213 per person 
double occupancy, including roundtrip air transportation from 
Atlanta and all meals and accommodations aboard ship. Don't 
delay! Send for a full-color brochure today! 

W Royal Cruise Line 

■■ — — — — — — — — mm — — -J 

I I iGS! Rush me your color brochure! 

Return to: Duke University Alumni Association 
614 Chapel Drive 
Durham, NC 27706 
Phone: (919)684-5114 
Or Call Toll Free: 1-800-FOR-DUKE 

EDITOR: Robert ]. Bliwise 
Sam Hull 

Susan Bloch 

Mary Poling 

Hinely '86 

Funderburk Jr. '60 

Frances Adams Blaylock '53, 
president; Anthony Bosworth 
'58, president-elect; 
M. Laney Funderburk Jr. '60, 

E. Wannamaker Hardin Jr. '62, 
M.Div. '67 , Divinity School; 
William B. Scantland 
B.S.M.E. 76, School of 
Engineering; Daniel R. 
Richards M.B.A. '80, Fuqua 
School of Business; Edward R. 
Drayton III M.F. '61, School of 
Forestry & Environmental 
Studies; James W. Albright 
M.H.A. 76, Department of 
Health Administration; William 
E. Sumner J.D. 70, School of 
law; F. Maxton Mauney Jr. 
M.D. '59, School of Medicine; 
Amy Torlone Harris B.S.N.'81, 
School of Nursing; Paul L. 
Imbrogno '80 M.S., Graduate 
Program in Physical Therapy; 
Katherine V Halpem B.H.S. 
77, Physicians' Assistant 
Program; Marcus E. Hobbs '32, 
A.M. '34, Ph.D. '36, Half- 
Century Club. 

BOARD: Clay Felker '51, 
chairman; Jerrold K. Footlick; 
Janet L. Guyon 77; John W. 
Hartman '44; Elizabeth H. 
Locke '64, Ph.D. 72; Thomas 
P. Losee Jt. '63; Petet Maas '49; 
Richard Austin Smith '35; 
Susan Tifft 73; Robert J. 
Bliwise, secretary. 

i© 1986, Duke University 
[Published bimonthly; volun- 
tary subscriptions $10 per year 




Cover: It's an inviting scene of 
rural life in Grant Wood's 1931 

painting, "Fall Plowing — but for 
today's farmers, there's little in 
life that's idyllic. Painting courtesy 
of the John Deere Art Collection 



Many American farmers are getting plowed under by a combination of overzealous expansion 
and unwieldy government policy 


A Duke engineer argues that failures are inevitable, even in the wake of prolonged success 


With Gorbachev in charge, says a Duke expert, the Soviet leadership has a new sense of self- 
confidence— and a notable lack of concern about approval from the United States 


Although its emphasis has shifted over time, The Chronicle remains one of the most 
influential voices on campus 


Quoting the author: "I did it, and it wasn't easy. And I hope I never have to do it again." 


From Interferon to evolution— a producer helps bring the novelty to Nova 




Meanderings in the forest, encounters with the Soviets, a taste of Dewar's 


Financial-aid futures, hot-college honors, anti-apartheid investments, space-shuttle 


Convictions — a Sixties coming-of-age novel with a familiar campus setting 







Many American fanners are getting plowed under by a 

combination of overzealous expansion and unwieldy 

government policy. 

arry Thompson doesn't look 
much like Sam Shepard, the 
lean and brooding actor who 
played a beleaguered farm owner 
in the movie Country. Thompson's rolling 
630-acre spread in eastern North Carolina 
bears little resemblance to the stark flatlands 
of the nation's Farm Belt, and his contempo- 
rary ranch house needs no paint. With his 
crops safely harvested— much of them pre- 
sold at planting to assure some margin of 
profit— Harry Thompson doesn't make for 
good film entertainment about the U.S. farm 

But it's not for lack of opportunity that 
Thompson '56 doesn't count himself among 
the estimated 40,000 farmers who, the feder- 
al government says, are in serious danger of 
going out of business within a year. Pressed 
by plummeting land values and a shrinking 
export trade, squeezed by low prices paid for 
crops at harvest and high loan payments for 
expanded farm facilities, many debt-ridden 
U.S. farmers are staring down the barrel of a 
loaded rifle. The combination of overzealous 
expansion and unwieldy government policy 
is deadly. 

In Thompson's view, the artificial farm 
economy created in Washington is to blame 

for the crisis in the Dakota wheat fields, the 
Texas rice fields, and the North Carolina 
tobacco fields. Even as government spend- 
ing on commodity price supports has sky- 
rocketed to an estimated $18 billion in 1985 , 
farmers' assets are shrinking and their debts 
are rising. The federal government estimates 
that those 40,000 farmers in immediate peril 
have debts equal to at least 70 percent of 
their assets. Farms that have been handed 
down from one generation to the next are 
being parceled out on the auction block. It's 
happening in the Farm Belt; it's happening 
in the Sun Belt. 

"We're faced with the probability this 
winter of watching 10 to 15 percent of the 
farmers in this area go out of business," says 
Thompson. "I see people walking around in 
a fog. They don't know what direction to 
strike out in. There was a time when there 
was always at least one crop that was promis- 
ing. Now with any crop in any direction, it 
just doesn't appear promising or profitable. 
That's got the farmers in a state of depression." 

The current crisis comes on the heels of 
unprecedented prosperity in U.S. agricul- 
ture, when world demand for US. crops was 
at an all-time high. In the 1970s, the govern- 
ment urged farmers to plant in abundance, 

: ,;-;^- 

■ ■• -,■■ ■ ■ 


: v .-^ 

The federal government 
is bound to bail out the 
ailing farm economy by 
extending bank loan guaran- 
tees, but it will cost the entire 
country dearly, says Ron Paul 
M.D. '61, banking expert and 
former four-term Republican 
congressman from Texas. 
According to Paul, total 
debt in the farm industry is 
well over $200 billion, $89 bil- 
lion of which is directly in- 
volved with the federal 
government. "It's been build- 
ing up over time, and within 
the next one or two years, the 
federal government will be 
backing up $100 billion worth 
of farm loans. It's clear that 
the government will do what- 
ever is necessary to see that 
the liquidation of all this debt 
doesn't come about. It's not 
going to let the farm system 
come apart." 

Propping up the system by 
expanding loan guarantees, 
which enable banks to extend 
credit to already debt-ridden 
farmers, would keep the bot- 
tom from falling out of the 
industry for now, says Paul, 
"but it's like giving another 
drink to an alcoholic We're 


The problem, says Paul, is 
that the growing farm debt is 
unpayable. "We're trapped, 
and there's no easy way out. 
The choice is either to not pay 
the debt, or pay it with money 
that's cheaper, which is what's 
happening now. We can't do 
this and maintain the value of 
the currency." 

The crisis in the farm eco- 
nomy, he says, is a sign of 
what will happen to the 
country at large if deficit 
spending is not brought under 
control. "The doubling of the 
national debt in four years is a 
dangerous thing. If we pre- 
tend it's okay, we're kidding 
ourselves. If the economy isn't 
any healthier than the farm 
industry, we're in trouble." 

Among the avenues out: 
Balance the federal budget 
and allow a free-market farm 
economy immediately, not 
five or ten years down the 
road, says Paul. But he admits 
that these economic impera- 
tives are a political improbabil- 
ity. "The whole economy will 
face the same crisis the farm 
industry is now facing. For 
political reasons, I don't see 

and the farmers obliged. Prices rose above 
federal support levels, and many growers took 
advantage of the prosperous climate to buy 
up more land and expand their operations. 
The value of farmland shot up, as did interest 
rates, but the thriving export market made 
the bargain look sound enough for farmers to 
take on the additional debt. 

Duke political scientist Sheridan Johns 
says the recession of the late 1970s aggra- 
vated what was already becoming a vulner- 
able position for the American farmer. "We 
saw, in the early Seventies, an effort to ex- 
pand American exports, particularly in the 
wake of the OPEC crisis. This was seen as a 
way in which we could earn dollars for petrol 
that was coming in. There was also a sudden 
surge and commitment by the Soviets to get 
grain to provide meat for the Soviet con- 
sumer that could not be provided by the in- 
efficient and sometimes weather-plagued 
Soviet agrisystem. At the same time, we had 
drought in Africa, which further expanded 
market pressure on available supplies." 

Farming, says Johns, became more attrac- 
tive in the United States, and farmers re- 
sponded to new incentives for expansion. 
"The tax laws were structured in various ways 
to encourage investment in the land, bring- 
ing about an overall change in the general 
pattern of farming." Among those changes: a 
trend toward larger farms, an increase in 
capital-intensive farming, and a strong orienta- 
tion toward exports. 

The export market was in a serious decline 

by the early 1980s, induced, says Johns, by- 
rising OPEC prices and the ensuing reces- 
sion, "combined with forces that have be- 
come evident under the Reagan administra- 
tion: a slowdown of the inflation rate, a grow- 
ing deficit, and new strength in the Ameri- 
can dollar." Also, the Soviet grain embargo 
gave foreign countries pause to consider the 
United States' reliability as a source of food 
supply, Johns says, while Third World coun- 
tries that had long been an additional mar- 
ket for U.S. trade were acquiring the ability 
to feed themselves. And the growing strength 
of the U.S. dollar sent the world market to 
other suppliers, such as Canada and Argen- 
tina, where prices were more attractive and 
growers could undersell their American 

"All of this fed back in an American agri- 
system that had been increasingly oriented 
toward export and based upon a number of 
farms being encouraged to extend them- 
selves by purchasing more land and equip- 
ment at rising prices," says Johns. "Together 
they have created a crisis in the agricultural 
system, one that I don't think is going to 
diminish, given rising costs, declining 
prices, and the international market at the 
present time offering little hope for substan- 
tial expansion." 

As with a thousand farming communities 
during the export boom years, credit in 
Thompson's town of Windsor, North Caro- 
lina, was easy and seductive. "If a tractor was 
acting up, the farmer would tote it off and 

buy a new one," Thompson recalls. "They 
ended up with gobs of new equipment in- 
stead of taking care of the old stuff, and that 
put a lot of them into debt. Land in our area 
hit about $3,000 an acre. Two years later it's 
back to $1,200. For the man who bought it at 
$3,000, his equity at the bank is looking 
worse all the time. If you're going to pay 
$3,000 for a piece of farm land, make sure it's 
on the highway where you can subdivide it 
into house lots." 

The roots of government involvement in 
farming reach back to just after the Depres- 
sion with the Agricultural Adjustment Act 
of 1933, which gave rise to the farm price- 
support system. Today's much-maligned pro- 
gram of federally sponsored crop loans, target 
prices, and acreage restrictions was designed 
to stablize the price and supply of basic com- 
modities. But it's now criticized for putting 
the farmer— and the taxpayer— in a squeeze. 

Take Thompson's corn, for example, which 
the government often does. If he grows it 
under federally-sponsored acreage limits, the 
government guarantees him a certain price 
set by the Agriculture Department. If the 
market price in Thompson's region is below 
that level, he can store the grain and the 
government will loan him the money. If, 
within nine months, the price doesn't rise, 
Thompson can keep the loan and give the 
grain to the government, which will sell it at 
whatever price it can get. The farmer has no 
incentive to take a lower price than the gov- 
ernment will give, the government sits on its 

unsalable grain, and the taxpayer gets to sub- 
sidize the whole affair— to the tune of some 
$3.8 billion for grain alone in 1985. 

"It's been going on for fifty years," says 
Thompson, "but it got critical ten to fifteen 
years ago. The government created an artifi- 
cial economy for the farmer, which took the 
competitiveness out of the business. The 
farmers got mentally lazy. They didn't seek to 
improve their methods, cut their costs, in- 
crease their yields, develop new technologies. 
There was no incentive. We failed to find 
better methods of raising crops and cutting 
the prices so we could stay competitive with 
the rest of the world, and it's because of the 
artificial levels that the government has sup- 
ported everything. Now they've got the bear 
by the tail and they don't know how to turn 
us loose. But they'll have to because the farm 
program is costing the federal government 
too much. And when you've got 5 percent of 
the population raising crops for the rest of 
the country, sooner or later Congress has to 
look at the majority— the 95 percent." 

The Reagan administration would have 
Congress do more than look. The mood at 
the White House is clear: Get government 
out of the farm business through a gradual 
retreat over the next five years. Its proposal 
includes lowering crop loans to well below 
current market prices so farmers would be 
protected only against drastic price drops on 
their unsold produce. Target prices, which 
enable the farmer to receive so-called defi- 
ciency payments from the government if 
market sales fail to measure up to the target, 
would be phased out, and acreage restric- 
tions would be eliminated. Farmers would 
plant only what they thought they could 
sell. Protracted budget wrangles within Con- 
gress, however, indicate that neither the 
House nor Senate supports what one legisla- 
tive aide terms "an honorable gesture" by the 
White House to return farming to a free- 
market economy. The apparent congression- 
al consensus, given the economic climate in 
the farming sector, is that now's not the time, 
and that price supports should be continued 
at or near existing levels. 

Thompson supports a gradual phase-out of 
the feds in farming, but says the government 
must extend credit to mortgage-strapped 
farmers until they can work their way out of 
debt. "Instead of dumping $100 million into 
tobacco supports, the government should 
make that $100 million available to the 
farmers to hold on to their land until they 
can find a way to survive. And even if they 
don't, it's better to have the farms as security 
for the $100 million than to have the damn 
tobacco rotting in a warehouse." 

Farmers, he argues, should be allowed to 
obtain export licenses and deal directly on 
the international market. "The farmer should 
be able to act as his own agent wherever in 
the world he can sell at a profit. For example, 

"Were faced with the 
probability this winter of 

watching 10 to 15 

percent of the farmers in 

this area go out of 

business. People don't 

know what direction to 

strike out in." 



there are only three major grain companies 
in the United States, and you don't send one 
kernel of corn out of the country unless you 
send it through one of the three. I resent that 

The long-term solution, says Thompson, 
is for government to get out of the farm busi- 
ness. "The short term is a gradual retreat 
instead of a sudden shock. If it happens too 
abruptly, 10 percent of the farms in this 
country will be forced on the auction block. 
It's already apparent that when we start de- 
faulting on farm loans, the land banks are in 
trouble, the savings and loans are in trouble. 
If the base starts to topple, it's a house of 
cards. Agriculture was one of the triggers of 
the Depression, and it could be the one that 
does it again." 

Any government action may be too late 
for some farms, particularly the small-to- 
medium-size family operations with limited 
resources and no outside income from in- 
town employment. "It seems clear that the 
government getting out of the farm business 
is going to benefit larger farms with greater 
resources," says political scientist Johns. 

"The ones who will be hurt listened to what 
had come to be the traditional wisdom- 
think big, plow fence post to fence post with 
the same technology that you've used all 
along. Unfortunately, what is unlikely to 
come from this is a new series of programs 
that would set up incentives for conservation 
the way price supports were for production. 
This administration has not given any prior- 
ity to research in organic farming, soil con- 
servation, the growing rate of erosion, and 
increasing pollution of underground water 
resources. We need to start thinking of the 
environmental costs, not only the economic 

The immediate economic crisis in the 
farmlands seems to be neutralizing any drastic 
changes in federal support, but the adminis- 
tration's fervor in that direction has placed 
the very principles of farm policy under close 
scrutiny. Thompson sees the writing on the 
wall, and figures that sooner or later, the 
congressional nod toward retreat is inevitable. 
"They've got to kill it, but our agricultural 
senators just won't let it die. They're trying to 
protect the interests of their constituency." 
Meanwhile, he's counting on his own cau- 
tious and conservative farming— an approach 
that limits land expansion, wrings the last 
mile out of farm equipment, and emphasizes 
crop experimentation and diversification— 
to see him through. It already has during the 
worst of times. 

A mid-size farm by national standards, 
Thompson's acreage produces corn, peanuts, 
and soybeans. He also raises cattle on fifty 
acres. To hedge against price fluctuations on 
his major crops, he dabbles in hot peppers, 
sweet corn, and sweet yams. This spring he'll 
begin raising snap beans. "One of the main 
solutions for farmers in our area is to con- 
stantly hedge their bets," he says. The pepper 
experiment is a good example: Thompson 
began with twenty-five acres last year, found 
a market in chili and hot sauce companies, 
and hopes to expand to 1,000 acres in the 

Nothing goes to waste on the Thompson 
farm, not even the 320 acres of heavy clay 
soil unsuitable for traditional crops. Thomp- 
son grows "super trees," fast-growing pines, 
the lumber from which he sells to Georgia 
Pacific. He staggers his planting so there's al- 
ways harvestable pine. "A lot of years, we 
don't cut anything," he says. "Some years 
when it looks like the crops won't pay out, we 
cut a little timber. The process allows us to 
have something to sell if times get bad." 

Another hedge is contracting out, or 
booking his crops to a buyer well before 
harvest. By contracting for a set price, 
Thompson is assured of selling his produce 
for a respectable profit. The gamble is that 
prices may be higher than his contract price 
come harvest, but at least he's protected from 
Continued on page 45 












The author, in his book To Engineer Is Human, argues 
that failures are inevitable, even in the wake of pro- 
longed success. 

VB —^k —W hile engineers can learn 
I^B from structural mistakes 

^—M^—W what not to do, they do not 

Wm ^V necessarily learn from suc- 
cesses how to do anything but repeat the 
success without change. And even that can 
be fraught with danger, for the combination of 
good luck that might find one bridge built of 
flawless steel, well-maintained, and never 
overloaded could be absent in another bridge 
of identical design but made of inferior steel, 
poorly maintained or even neglected, and 
constantly overloaded. 

Each new engineering project, no matter 
how similar it might be to a past one, can be 
a potential failure. No one can live under 
conditions of such capriciousness, and the 
anxiety level of engineers would be high 
indeed if there were not rational means of 
dealing with all the uncertainties of design 
and construction. One of the most comfort- 
ing of means, employed in virtually all engi- 
neering designs, has been the factor of safety. 

The factor of safety is a number that has 
often been referred to as a "factor of igno- 
rance." Its function is to provide a margin of 
error that allows for a considerable number 
of corollaries to Murphy's Law to compound 
without threatening the success of an engi- 

neering endeavor. Factors of safety are in- 
tended to allow for the bridge built of the 
weakest imaginable batch of steel to stand up 
under the heaviest imaginable truck going 
over the largest imaginable pothole and 
bouncing across the roadway in a storm. 
While, of course, there will have to be a judg- 
ment made as to which numbers represent 
these superlatives, the objective of the de- 
signer is to make his structure tough rather 
than fragile. Since excessive strength can be 
unattractive, uneconomical, and unneces- 
sary, engineers must make decisions about 
how strong is strong enough by considering 
architectural, financial, and political factors 
as well as structural ones. 

The essential idea behind a factor of safety 
is that a means of failure must be made expli- 
cit, and the load to cause that failure must be 
calculable or determinable by experiment. 
This clearly indicates that it is failure that 
the engineer is trying to avoid in his design, 
and that is why failures of real structures are 
so interesting to engineers. For even struc- 
tures that fail are designed with various fac- 
tors of safety, and clearly something went 
wrong in the engineering reasoning, in the 
construction, or in the use of the structure 
that fails. By understanding what went 

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wrong, any misconceptions in the behavior 
of materials or structures can be corrected 
before the same mistake is made again. 

Generally speaking, when structural fail- 
ures occur, a larger factor of safety is used in 
subsequent structures of a similar kind. Con- 
versely, when groups of structures become 
very familiar and do not suffer explained fail- 
ures, there is a tendency to believe that those 
structures are overdesigned— that is to say, 
they have associated with them an unneces- 
sarily high factor of safety. Confidence 
mounts among designers that there is no 
need for such a high factor of ignorance in 
structures they feel they know so well, and a 
consensus develops among designers and 
code writers that the factor of safety for simi- 
lar designs should in the future be lowered. 
The dynamics of raising the factor of safety 
in the wake of accidents and lowering it in 
the absence of accidents clearly can lead to 
cyclic occurrences of structural failures. In- 
deed, such a cyclic behavior in the develop- 
ment of suspension bridges was noted follow- 
ing the failure of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge. 

The factor of safety is not a new concept. 
In 1849 the Royal Commission appointed to 
investigate the use of iron in railway bridges 
asked of the prominent engineers of the time, 
"What multiple of the greatest load do you 
consider the breaking weight of the girder 
ought to be?" The answers from the likes of 
Robert Stephenson, designer of the Britan- 
nia Bridge, Isambard Kingdom Brunnel, the 
engineer of the Great Western Railway, and 
Charles Fox, engineer of the Crystal Palace, 
ranged from 3 to 7 . And when asked, "With 
what multiple of the greatest load do you 
prove a girder?" the panel responded with 
factors ranging from 1 to 3. The commission 
concluded that an appropriate factor of 
safety for railway bridge girders would be 6. 

Since a real structure will have not only 
beams and girders but also columns and 
other structural elements, there can be many 
ways that it can fail and thus many factors of 
safety associated with the structure. Gener- 
ally, it will be the smallest factor that is 
spoken of as the factor of safety of the struc- 
ture. Structural studies done by Professor 
David Billington at Princeton University 
calculated factors of safety for the Washing- 
ton Monument by considering three possible 
ways in which it could fail: by crushing of the 
stone at the base due to the massive weight 
of the stone above it in the obelisk; by over- 
turning in the wind; and by cracking under 
the action of the wind. The first two ima- 
gined failure modes were found each to have 
associated with them a factor of safety of 
approximately 9, while the cracking mode 
yielded a factor of safety of only 3.5. Since 
the force due to the wind is proportional to 
the square of the wind speed, this factor of 
safety means that a wind speed almost twice 
as high as any expected in the District of 

Although the design 

engineer does learn from 

experience, each truly 

new design necessarily 

involves an element of 

uncertainty. The 

engineer will always 

know more what not to 

do than what to do. 

Columbia would have to blow to topple the 
famous monument. Its factor of safety of 3.5 
would seem to be adequate insurance against 
its failure by any reasonably conceivable 

While a factor of safety should be present 
implicitly in all engineering design judg- 
ments, sometimes the factor is used quite 
explicitly in calculations. Somehow, neither 
seems to have been done or done correctly in 
the design of the Hyatt Regency walkways. 
The post-accident analysis of the sky walk 
connections by the National Bureau of Stan- 
dards determined that the originally de- 
signed connections could only support on 
the average a load of 18,600 pounds, which 
was very nearly the portion of the dead 
weight of the structure itself that would have 
to be supported by each connection. The 
factor of safety was essentially 1— which 
leaves no margin for error and no excess 
capacity for people walking, running, jump- 
ing, or dancing on the walkways. 

How a design with so low a factor of safety 
came to be built is a matter before the courts, 
and because of the numerous suits and 
countersuits, the full story may not yet have 
been told. However, one may speculate as to 
what might happen should one wish to span 
an atrium without obstructing floor traffic 
with columns. 

To design such walkways as those in the 
Kansas City Hyatt Regency means first to 
have a general idea of how to span the 
120-foot space over the hotel lobby. If this 
was to be done without obstructions on the 
floor, then we can imagine how the skywalk 
concept arose. The idea was to get hotel 
patrons from one side of the lobby, where 
their rooms were, to the other side of the 
lobby, where meeting rooms and a swimming 
pool were located, without having to go 
down to the ground floor, walk across the 
(crowded) lobby, and then go up to their 
destinations. The functional and architec- 

tural requirements suggest the idea of a 
bridge, with the two sides of the lobby as 
banks and the lobby floor a river or harbor 
whose traffic is to be unobstructed. These are 
exactly the requirements that suspension 
bridges must meet, and thus to suspend 
walkways from the ceiling is no great leap of 
the imagination. Since the lobby was four 
stories high, there was need for three 
separate bridge levels. Somehow the extra- 
structural decision was made to place the 
skybridge from the fourth floor directly 
above that from the second floor and to 
offset the skybridge from the third floor. 

With this general layout in mind, the 
designer's task is to select the structural parts 
by which to effect the concept. While the 
spacing of roof beams may in some way deter- 
mine how close or how far apart suspender 
connections may be placed, there are still 
plenty of decisions to be made regarding the 
size of steel rod, the style and size of beams, 
and the details of connecting them all to- 
gether to achieve the desired effect with a 
reasonable factor of safety. 

Sizing the different parts can be tricky, for 
the size of beams and girders under the walk- 
way determines the weight of the walkway, 
and the weight of the walkway in turn deter- 
mines the sizes of beams and rods required to 
support it all. The smallest possible beams 
will be the lightest and thus lead to a lighter 
and less expensive structure. But if the beams 
are too small relative to their length, they 
might be too weak to resist being broken, 
or bend under their own weight and the 
weight of the concrete floor and the people 
on the walkway. They also might be too 
flexible, and thus bounce too readily under 
the feet of running children, or bend to a 
curvature too pronounced to be in harmony 
with the straight architectural lines of the 

The designer can proceed to choose parts, 
assemble them on paper, and then calculate 
the various loads and deflections and factors 
of safety that he identifies to be important. It 
is here that the designer is really considering 
how the structure can fail — either by sagging 
too much or by placing too much load on 
some individual beam, rod, or connection. 
For it is only by having an idea of failure that 
he can calculate a factor of safety. Experi- 
ence of prior structural successes and failures 
can be of immense help at this stage of design: 
What has worked under analogous structural 
requirements enables the designer to size 
and detail his structure with some degree of 
confidence, while a knowledge of what has 
failed to work alerts him to pay special at- 
tention to what are potentially weak links. 
The Monday-morning quarterbacking of 
seasoned designers and detailers in response to 
the design and details of the ill-fated sky- 
walks seems to have been unanimously cri- 
tical of the choice of the flimsy box-beam 

and hanger rod connections. Evidently the 
original designer and whoever made the 
change either did not recognize this detail as 
a potential weak link or miscalculated its 
actual factor of safety. 

This example of poorly conceived sky- 
walks emphasizes the view of design as the 
obviation of failure. While the initial struc- 
tural requirement of bridging a space may be 
seen as a positive goal to be reached through 
induction, the success of a designer's paper 
plan, which amounts to a hypothesis, can 
never be proved by deduction. The goal of 
the designer is rather to recognize any counter- 
examples to a structurally inadequate hypo- 
thesis that he makes. In the case of the atrium 
skybridges, the hypothesis was that the 
design as built would span the space above 
the lobby without falling. The truth of this 
main hypothesis could never have been 
proven. Its falseness could have been esta- 
blished by analyzing the rod-box beam 
connections and finding that they could 
indeed fail to perform under the expected 

Each novel structural concept— be it a sky- 
walk over a hotel lobby, a suspension bridge 
over a river, or a jumbo jet capable of flying 
across the oceans— is a hypothesis to be 
tested first on paper and possibly in the 
laboratory, but ultimately to be justified by 
its performance of its function without fail- 
ure. Even success for a year or years after 
completion does not prove the hypothesis to 
be valid. Yet were we not willing to try the 
untried, we would have no exciting new uses 
of architectural space, we would be forced to 
take ferries across many a river, and we would 
have no trans-Atlantic jet service. While the 
curse of human nature appears to be to make 
mistakes, its determination appears to be to 

Technology has advanced by our constant- 
ly seeking to understand the hows and whys 
of our own disappointments, and we have 
always sought to learn from our mistakes lest 
they be repeated. But failures do and will 
occur because new structural designs or 
materials are continually being introduced 
into new environments, and there is little 
indication that innovation will ever be 
abandoned completely for the sake of abso- 
lute predictability. That would not seem to 
be compatible with the technological drive 
of Homo faber to build to ever greater heights 
and to bridge ever greater distances, even if 
only because they are there to be reached or 
spanned. Each new structural hypothesis is 
open to disproof by counterexample, and the 
rational designer will respond immediately 
to the credible failure brought to his attention. 

Although the design engineer does learn 
from experience, each truly new design 
necessarily involves an element of uncer- 
tainty. The engineer will always know more 
what not to do than what to do. In this way 

It's been five years since 
the collapse of two sus- 
pended skywalks at the 
Hyatt Regency Hotel in 
Kansas City, Missouri. In 
November, a judge for the 
state's Administrative Hearing 
Commission ruled that the 
structural engineers for the 
project were guilty of gross 
negligence in failing to take 
responsibility for the struc- 
tural safety of the project. The 
collapse of the thirty-two-ton 
walkways killed 114 people, 
many of whom were dancing 
on the structures just before 
the accident. 

In a 442-page ruling, Judge 
James B. Deutsch said the 
engineers had misled archi- 
tects on the adequacy of the 
box-beam connection and 
that they had failed to moni- 
tor construction of the sup- 
port system. 

As Duke civil engineer 
Henry Petroski noted in his 
book, To Engineer is Human: 
The Role of Failure in Suc- 
cessful Design, the support 
failure was traced to a design 
change, "apparently made to 
facilitiate construction of the 

The judge's action supports 
a recently issued policy state- 
ment by the American Society 
of Civil Engineers. According 
to the statement, the 
structural engineers involved 
in a given project are 
accountable for all elements 
of its structural design. In 
Petroski's view, the policy is 

views on the responsibilities of 
professional structural engi- 
neers. "It's really a reaffirma- 
tion of the way it should be," 
he says. In a new civil engi- 
neering course he taught on 
structural design and analysis 

last semester, Petroski used 
the Hyatt Regency incident as 
"a very dramatic case study of 
what can go wrong, of how 
error can creep in and escape 
detection." The class con- 
cluded with term projects, 
which included scale models 
of bridges. 

The Hyatt lesson in failure 
was well suited to the stu- 
dents-more than half were 
not engineering majors. "Even 
the non-engineer can under- 
stand what went wrong," 
Petroski says. The course was 
offered as part of Duke's new 
Program in Technology and 
the Liberal Arts, which is 
designed to infuse technology 
into the liberal arts 

the designer's job is one of prescience as 
much as one of experience. Engineers in- 
crease their ability to predict the behavior of 
their untried designs by understanding the 
engineering successes and failures of history. 
The failures are especially instructive be- 
cause they give clues to what has and can go 
wrong with the next design— they provide 

Most engineering design hypotheses that 
are constructed do not fail, of course, but the 
structural success of another traditional 
design is no more new than the man who 
does not rob a bank or does not bite a dog. It 

is the anomaly that gets the press, and the 
abnormal that becomes the norm of conver- 
sation. Thus, to speak of engineering failures 
is indirectly to celebrate the overwhelming 
numbers of successes. ■ 

Adapted from To Engineer Is Human: The 
Role of Failure in Successful Design. Copy- 
right ® 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985 by Henry 
Petroski. Published by St. Martin's Press, Inc., 
New York. Petroski is associate professor of civil 
engineering and director of graduate studies in 
Duke's department of civil and environmental 









With Gorbachev in charge, says a Duke expert, the 

Soviet leadership has a new sense of self-confidence— 

and a notable lack of concern about approval from the 

United States. 

g|j ive years ago Jerry Hough was pro- 
m posing alternative visions of the 
future— the future Soviet leader- 
■ ship. The mid-1980s, he said, 
might bring to power a holdover from the 
Brezhnev generation or, more tantalizingly, 
from the wartime or postwar generations. 
Hough's short list of likely candidates in- 
cluded the newly-named Central Committee 
secretary for agriculture. Mikhail Gorbachev, 
so it seemed to many, had been thrust from 
complete obscurity and assured a role that 
promised near-obscurity. 

Now those in the small community of 
Soviet-affairs analysts are watching the post- 
war succession— theorized about in Hough's 
Soviet Leadership in Transition— taking shape. 
Hough likes to point out that when Uri 
Andropov died in February 1984, the Cen- 
tral Committee waited four days to name his 
successor. In March 1985, Soviet officials 
announced the election of Gorbachev as 
general secretary just four hours after an- 
nouncing Chernenko's death. Mikhail 
Gorbachev is a man in a hurry, and Jerry 
Hough is eagerly looking for signs of where 
he's going. 

Among Soviet watchers, Hough has a 
longstanding reputation as something of a 
maverick— a maverick who can see the writ- 
ing on the Kremlin Wall and decipher the 
meaning of it. Hough's six books take a hard 
look, using the analytical tools of the politi- 
cal-science trade, at the subtleties and com- 
plexities of Soviet governance. His views on 
the Soviet regime and the appropriate 
American response to it appear with regular- 
ity in scholarly publications like Problems of 
Communism and Foreign Affairs, and are of- 
fered for wider consumption through news- 
papers like The Washington Post and the Los 
Angeles Times. 

Hough, named a James B. Duke Professor 
of Political Science last summer, joined 
Duke in 1973. At Harvard, he did under- 
graduate and Ph.D. work in government, 
with a master's-level focus on Soviet studies. 
Since 1979 he has been an associate of the 
Brookings Institution in Washington. 
Hough points out that he teaches about the 
largest number of undergraduate students of 
any member of the political science depart- 
ment. But his interest in being close to 
Washington's foreign-policy community, 

The old and the new. architectural contrasts inside the walls of the Kremlin 


if i 


It's been the predomi- 
nant theme since the 
November meeting between 
Reagan and Gorbachev, but 
Sovietologist Jerry Hough is 
skeptical of all the success 
talk. "Two things happened at 
the summit. One, the two 
men got together and greeted 
each other cordially; nobody 
stormed out, and both said it's 
good they got together. The 
second thing was zero progress 
on the issue of arms control. 
The summit was a total failure 
in moving the two countries 
together on what both said 
was the central issue." 

"In domestic politics, the 
president was a winner be- 
cause his popularity has gone 
up," says Hough. "The presi- 
dent's popularity went up be- 
cause hope went up, and be- 
cause people had the sense 
that he was being more flexi- 
ble and that the world was 
approving." Hough believes 
the true test is yet to come - in 

to compromise on the Stra- 
tegic Defense Initiative ("Star 
Wars") and whether to adhere 
to the SALT II treaty, which 
the administration has accused 
the Soviets of violating. 
"There are a lot of people in 
Washington who are con- 
vinced that the president is 
eventually going to deal on 
SDI. I'm convinced the evi- 
dence is in the opposite 

people, Gorbachev has been 
sharply critical of American 
policy in the Third World 
especially, of SDI. That 

it hard 


■ Soviet 
that this 

decisions, including whether 

Reagan can claim political 
success from the summit 
meeting because "the conser- 
vatives breathed a sigh of re- 
lief that no terrible agreement 
occurred," says Hough, "and 
the liberals said that with the 
momentum established, he 
can have a concrete 
agreement the second time. 
When we get to the second 
summit, at least one of those 
groups is going to be badly 

Meanwhile, in Moscow, 
Gorbachev is taking a harder 
line on the summit outcome 
than is generally reported, 
i says. In his post- 

i to the Soviet 

thesis that the Soviet leader- 
ship will use SDI, and 
long-term threat it purported- 
ly poses, as a spark for Soviet 
technological development. 

Although skeptical that this 
first get-acquainted 
will later translate into arms- 
control progress, Hough sees 
some value in institutionaliz- 
ing summit meetings. Talk of 
evil empires and bloodthirsty 
capitalists has been muted, he 
notes, and a "more civilized 
dialogue" is a plus. Both 
leaders will have to remain 
well-briefed on the other 


regular summit meetings, t 
more frequent contacts s 
mean "less hoopla," less ] 
attention, and more reali 
expectations. "If you've got 
3,000 people covering the 
event, by logic it must be 
important, and it's very c 
cult to keep expectations 1 

and to Brookings, imposes a long-distance 
commuting routine. Several times a week, he 
flies between the Raleigh-Durham area and 
his home in Arlington, Virginia. He'll stretch 
himself further to take in speaking engage- 
ments and conferences, and— when public 
attention shifts to Soviet-American relations, 
as it did around summit time— to give press 

A year ago, Hough joined George F. 
Kennan, William Hyland, and other top 
Soviet specialists to assess the just-elevated 
Gorbachev for The New York Times. In this 
fall's issue of Foreign Affairs, devoted to 
Reagan and Gorbachev as they were nearing 

their summit, Hough was again in good com- 
pany: His article on "Gorbachev's Strategy" 
was surrounded by contributions from 
Richard Nixon ("Superpower Summitry") 
and from fellow Sovietologists Adam Ulam 
and Marshall Goldman. The rapid rise of 
Gorbachev, Hough writes, "almost surely re- 
flected an understanding by the aging lead- 
ership that the Soviet Union faced new 
challenges that required a man with a differ- 
ent perspective to handle them— of course, 
after the aging leaders had themselves de- 
parted." To Hough, Gorbachev's strategy 
rests on two bases. "First, he gives the appear- 
ance of being a truly world-class chess player 

who delights in complex combinations and 
knows how to make them. Second, as a rela- 
tively young man, he must worry about the 
Soviet Union's very serious problems with a 
long-term perspective." 

Hough accepts the consensus of Sovietolo- 
gists that Gorbachev's primary problem is 
the economy. But he departs from many of 
his peers by downplaying the chronically 
long lines at the stores (so familiar as to be 
culturally ingrained), and even the disap- 
pointing rates of economic growth (which 
are improving). He accents, instead, tech- 
nological backwardness in the Soviet eco- 
nomy. The Soviet inability to fully embrace 
the electronics age portends a series of dis- 
astrous consequences for the Soviet Union, 
Hough believes. Russia and Japan began 
industrialization at the same time; and in 
thirty years, the Japanese economy has been 
transformed. In the last fifteen years, the 
same has been happening in Taiwan and 
South Korea. But the Soviet Union has been 
left behind. 

A technological lag undermines the ideo- 
logical claim that only socialism can foster 
economic progress, that socialism is superior 
to capitalism. It hampers the party's effort to 
identify itself with the accomplishment of 
Russia's national goals— for example, victory 
in World War II. By showing off the Soviet 
economic system as an ineffective example, 
it also undermines some aspects of Soviet 
foreign policy. Industrializing Third World 
countries are more likely to turn to Western 
development models; and neighboring re- 
gions that seemingly belong in the Soviet 
orbit, such as the Middle East, rely on Japan 
and the West for their technology. Recogniz- 
ing the qualitative improvements that pro- 
pel the race in nuclear and conventional 
arms, plus the prospect of an American space- 
based defense program, the Soviets also face 
"an enormous window of military vulnerabil- 
ity." They were twenty years behind the 
United States in producing a solid-fuel inter- 
continental missile, in developing the ability 
to catch film ejected from a spy satellite, and 
in placing satellites in high orbit. 

Gorbachev "has not been talking about 
agricultural reform or about lines in the 
shops, but about technology, technology, 
technology," says Hough. It's an appropriate 
theme. "If Russians get the idea that the 
Soviet Union is doomed to become the last 
Third World country, this would be highly 

Accepting conventional Western wisdom, 
Hough has said that the Soviets have to clean 
up their economic act in two respects: They 
have to remove the huge bottlenecks and 
inflexibilities that result from an overly cen- 
tralized system, and they must take a hard 
look at stressing growth and investment over 
such social-welfare staples as egalitarian 
wages, subsidized food prices, and job security 

for the worker. But Hough's diagnosis of 
Soviet economic ills centers more on what 
he calls "the massive protectionism that 
Soviet manufacturers enjoy." The faults of 
the Soviet economy are a textbook case of 
the results of protectionism, Hough says. 
Leonid Brezhnev seemed to think that 
importing Western technology would solve 
Soviet difficulties; but, in fact, the opposite 
solution is called for. Soviet managers will 
never produce goods at world levels until 
they compete with foreign firms at home and 
until they are forced to export technology. 
The economic cure will come only if the 
Soviet Union moves toward an integration 
into the world economy, as China is 
beginning to do. 

A Hough-style cure has an enormous set of 
side effects. The Soviets can't compete if 
they don't develop a feel for Western society 
and tastes— meaning greater contact with 
Western ideas. And they can't move toward 
intimate contact with the world market 
without permitting greater integration of 
Western Europe and Eastern Europe. The 
question, as Hough put it in a Washington 
Post column last year, is: "How do reformers 
in Moscow sell a program that arouses workers' 
fears of higher prices and unemployment 
(fears that led to a Solidarity movement in 
Poland), the manager's fear of foreign com- 
petition, and the conservative fears of the 
subversive impact of foreign ideas in the 
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe?"The an- 
swer: They sell their reform ideas with anti- 

In many ways, the stalwart but now- 
deposed foreign minister, Gromyko, "re- 
mained a man of 1939, who saw Germany 
and Japan as potential military threats," 
Hough says. Gromyko concentrated on the 
American relationship in order to insure 
control over Germany and Japan. "He never 
really challenged the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization and the American-Japanese 
alliance with skill and flexibility because, 
deep down, he feared that an independent 
Germany and Japan would eventually ac- 
quire their own nuclear weapons and become 
military threats again. Gorbachev was in the 
second grade in 1939, and for him Germany 
and Japan are economic powers rather than 
military ones. He is likely to want more of a 
multipolar policy than a bipolar one." 

The view that the Soviets are working to 
drive a wedge between the United States and 
its European allies— to the point of endan- 
gering longstanding military ties— is, to 
Hough, simplistic. "That's World War II 
thinking," he says. Alliances in the modern 
world don't really mean anything. The only 
thing that an alliance does is increase your 
danger. In a sense, it was the bipolar world 
that was unnatural. The bipolar world that 
we've taken for granted seems to me some- 
thing that was the product of insecurity of 

A technological lag 

undermines the 

ideological claim that 

only socialism can foster 

economic progress, that 

socialism is superior to 


both the American and the Russian leaders 
as, in 1946, they came into world politics for 
the first time." 

Under Gorbachev, Hough expects a lot of 
talk about the American threat and a vigor- 
ous courtship of Western Europe and Japan. 
That courtship entails not just 'relatively 
meaningless peace campaigns," but such 
tangible steps as returning the southern 
Kurile islands to Japan, permitting closer 
economic ties between East and West Ger- 
many, and encouraging foreign investment 
within the Soviet Union. "I think that eco- 
nomic factors are far more important than 
military factors. The Soviets are going to 
play to Europe, to Japan, and to the moderate 
Third World countries because it's good 
domestic politics, but also because they need 
markets to export their technology and re- 
ceive technology in return." 

Hough says that one spur for Soviet 
modernization has come from a surprising 
source— Ronald Reagan's concept of a defen- 
sive shield against nuclear weapons, dubbed 
the Strategic Defense Initiative by the ad- 
ministration, "Star Wars" by a doubting 
press. From the Soviet perspective, the way 
to defend against Star Wars isn't through 
such costly steps as adding to troop levels or 
conventional armaments. The obvious re- 
sponse to the perceived threat is to meet it. 
On one level, the American initiative pro- 
vides ammunition for a Soviet campaign of 
anti-Americanism, since it seemingly gives 
the Americans the capacity to make a first 
strike without fear of retaliation. On another 
level, it forces Soviet technology planners 
into a catch-up effort that has broad conse- 
quences for a long-stagnated society. "Why 
do American scientists say that the shield 
won't work? Because there simply is not suffi- 
cient computer capability and reliability of 
programming— that's the bottleneck. Wheth- 
er we can solve that or not, I don't know. But 
I do know that if that's the American bottle- 
neck, it's a double, triple, quadruple bottle- 
neck for the Soviets. So if you want to meet 
the Strategic Defense Initiative, what you do 

is pour money into computerization, which 
is where Gorbachev wants to pour it in any 
case. That's why SDI is such a godsend to the 
Soviet Union." 

To Hough, Gorbachev's decisiveness on 
Star Wars illustrates the importance of the 
generational change within Soviet ranks. 
The striking thing about the Brezhnev- 
Gromyko generation was its insecurity, he says. 
As he put it in one of his op-ed pieces, the 
old guard "hungered for status and American 
recognition of its achievement of equality, 
and was willing to accept our linkage de- 
mands in an effort to obtain agreement on 
arms control, trade, and recognition of East 
European borders." With Gorbachev and 
Foreign Minister Eduard A. Shevardnadze at 
the helm, the Soviet leadership is going in a 
new direction, with a new sense of self-confi- 
dence and a notable lack of concern about 
approval from the United States or agree- 
ment with it. 

In his 1980 book, Soviet Leadership in Tran- 
sition, Hough outlined the popular view of 
who rules the Soviet Union. "If we no longer 
see an active totalitarianism transforming 
society, we now talk of a dead or dying one— 
of a petrified or ossified system. If we no 
longer believe that the leadership serves as 
the instrument of a dynamic ideology, we 
may now speak as if it were the automatic 
representative of some other force, such as 
Russian national charactet, the Russian 
historical tradition, Russian political 
culture, or, of course, the bureaucracy." The 
image is of a bureaucracy "that opposes any 
significant change— except, perhaps, in the 
direction of tighter discipline on the general 
public, greater privileges for the bureaucrats, 
and a more nationalistic posture toward the 
West as justification for the public sacrifices 
at home." 

But Hough questions the notion of built- 
in inertia; and he sees Gorbachev as a leader 
who will make a difference. Americans 
haven't really assimilated the changes that 
have taken place in the Soviet Union, he 
says. The Politburo, the ruling body, had 
fourteen members in 1980; of those, seven 
have died, three have been retired, another 
two are facing retirement shortly, and of the 
two remaining, one— former Foreign Minister 
Gromyko— has been pushed aside. 

"There's no question that you've got now a 
generation born essentially in the late 1920s 
or 1930s, which I think gets them away from 
a fixation with World War II. I think the dif- 
ference in time horizons is also important. 
The Brezhnev generation had a limited time 
span that didn't extend beyond the early to 
mid-Eighties. The new generation thinks it's 
going to still be around in the year 2000. 
And so it's got to solve problems that others 
have postponed." 

Hough takes issue, too, with the tendency 
"to see a real continuity between the Bolshe- 


vik regime and the tsarist regime." Emphasis 
on "a long-term Russian xenophobia, a long- 
term Russian suspiciousness about the West, 
a long-term autocratic system that goes back 
to the thirteenth century" is misplaced, he 
says. "I have a very different sense. I have a 
sense of a tsarist elite that was very Western- 
ized, that often spoke French instead of Rus- 
sian. I have a sense that the last two tsars 
were conducting a modernization campaign 
as radical as the shah's modernization of Iran. 
And I have a sense of the Bolshevik revolu- 
tion as essentially a Khomeini revolution— a 
rebellion of the traditionalists against the 
Westernized elite. The central feature of the 
Bolshevik revolution was the rejection of the 

But today, the traditionalists— the "Slavo- 
philes'— have run the Soviet Union into the 
ground economically; and, as its former chief 
of staff warned, they threaten to do it in mili- 
tarily if technological backwardness is not 
corrected. "The Westemizers are now in a 
position to put together a winning coalition 
by seizing the banner of nationalism and 
patriotism from the slavophiles," according 
to Hough. Under domestic pressure, and 
particularly from the need to attack protec- 
tionism, Gorbachev is "going to begin lead- 
ing the country out of the Khomeini period." 
He'll be pushing for "an integration with the 
West of the type that Russia had in the nine- 
teenth century." That may mean things like 
"the access of Russian women to European 
stores so they can buy Mrs. Gorbachev-like 

How much more will it mean? Even as con- 
tacts accelerate with the West, don't expect 
political reform in Soviet society, Hough 
says. "There are twenty different peoples in 
the Soviet Union, each as sizable in number 
as the French in Quebec. So if you introduced 
Western political institutions, you would 
have separatist movements in twenty differ- 
ent places in the Soviet Union— twenty dif- 
ferent Quebecs. And there are very few Rus- 
sians who want to face up to that. Even the 
liberals are talking of liberalization within a 

Hough has a 
longstanding reputation 

as something of a 

maverick— a maverick 

who can see the writing 

on the Kremlin Wall 

and decipher the 

meaning of it. 

one-party system, decentralization within a 
one-party system, precisely in order to keep 
the nationality question closed." 

Hough doesn't expect much of substance 
from the process that began with the first 
Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting. That's 
not necessarily conventional wisdom among 
Sovietologists: An aggressive drive for eco- 
nomic reform implies a desperate need for an 
arms-control agreement, they say. Hough 
says, not so. 

If the Soviet Union enjoys a new detente 
with its neighbors in Western Europe, it can 
cut back on its forces. Troop maintenance 
consumes a big chunk of defense outlays; 
and sizing down that chunk is an especially 
attractive step for Soviet officials worried 
about shrinking population growth. In the 
strategic realm, the Reagan administration 
evidently hopes to bankrupt the Soviet eco- 
nomy by forcing a Soviet response to every 
strategic program, Hough says. The likely 
Soviet course, he believes, is to simply go the 
route of deploying a mobile, easily-hidden 
missile. "We often hear that what the Soviet 
Union needs for a cut in military spending is 
a deal with the United States. But the 
trouble is, the history of arms control is that 
the kind of deals you can make with the 

United States don't save money. The striking 
thing about SALT II is that President Reagan 
has essentially ratified it, and he's been able 
to have a huge military buildup within it. 

"In a sense, what Gorbachev needs is a fail- 
ure from the summit. That's not to say he 
doesn't need cordial relations, or that what 
he's after is a war scare. It's just easier politi- 
cally to modernize the economy with the 
United States providing the threat." 

Generational change is a fact of the pre- 
sent in the Soviet Union; it's a fact yet to 
come in the United States. Ronald Rea- 
gan—like his Soviet counterparts of the 
past— came to maturity in the 1930s and is, 
as Hough describes him, very much a pro- 
duct of those times. Reagan's generation is 
the Brezhnev and the Gromyko generation, 
the same generation that has provided all of 
the American presidents since 1960— with 
the single exception of Jimmy Carter. 
Leaders on both sides were shaped by the 
interventionist-isolationist debate of the 
Thirties. They were in their mid-30s when 
atomic weapons were developed, in their 50s 
when intercontinental missiles were 
deployed. Theirs is a generation, on both 
sides, that has had a tendency to replay their 
youth in their leadership roles. 

"Both sides learned the lesson of Munich 
too well. From the Soviet point of view, 
Munich was the West trying to push Hitler 
to the East. For the United States, the lesson 
of Munich was that you have to stand up to 
the aggressor. They have had a hard time ad- 
justing to the realities of the nuclear age— 
that buffer zones don't matter, that alliances 
don't matter, that numbers of weapons don't 
count the way they did in the past, that eco- 
nomic power can be more important than 
military power. 

"In the Soviet Union, you now have a 
leader for whom the memories of the prewar 
diplomacy are simply ancient history. What 
you're beginning to get in the Soviet Union 
is a movement out of the postwar era. In the 
United States, there's a generational change 
that still lies in the future." ■ 


A group of top faculty members, se- 
lected by the Academic Council to 
visit local clubs, are learning that 
alumni are interested in a lot more than foot- 
ball scores. 

Arie Lewin, chairman of the Academic 
Council and a professor at the Fuqua School 
of Business, says alumni "have a thirst for in- 
formation about Duke. They want to keep in 
touch." Lewin was the guest speaker for the 
Boston and the Hartford, Connecticut, 

Allen Kornberg, professor and chairman 
of the political science department, is also a 
Duke parent: His daughter is a current stu- 
dent and his son a graduate. He was the after- 
dinner speaker for the Little Rock, Arkansas, 
and the Tulsa, Oklahoma, clubs. "I was pleas- 
antly surprised," he says. "I had anticipated 
that they would be interested in Duke sports. 
They weren't; they were primarily interested 
in the larger university. 

"During the question and answer period, 
we began to talk about national politics. I 
found them to be highly interested, in- 
formed, intelligent people. If that's a sample 
of our alumni, we can be very proud. Duke 
has done a good job." 

This is the first time a roster of faculty 
speakers has been chosen by the Academic 
Council to commit to representing Duke at 
local club functions. "We're delighted with 
the initiative taken by the council," says 
alumni affairs director Laney Funderburk 
'60. "We're after a good cross section of the 
faculty, and that requires advance notice. 
This will supplement our usual Duke repre- 
sentatives and offer the alumni a broad spec- 
trum of Duke's leaders." 

Botanist and microbiologist James Siedow 
will go on the road in the spring. 

The program is a benefit to both faculty 
and alumni, says Albert A. Fisher '80, one of 
alumni affairs' field representatives. "This is 
a good way to give exposure to faculty mem- 
bers who are on the cutting edge of research 
and scholarship in their fields." 

Both Lewin and Kornberg note that some 
of their former students came to hear the 
Duke updates. Says Kornberg, "Seeing my 

When the classes of 75 and '80 partx they make history. 
Turnout for the tenth reunion uas 396; for the fifth, 
404 -the largest class reunion in Dukes history. Euen 
the Class of 1984s mini-reunion attracted 100. Home- 
coming Weekend set records as nearly 1,300 came to 
campus for the first in a series of fall and spring reunions. 

students as adults and how successful they 
have been was quite gratifying. I enjoyed it 
and will be happy to do a repeat." 


For many college students, having a 
summer job and doing work that's 
career-related are often two separate 
things. Bringing the two together for a 
meaningful and financially rewarding sum- 
mer is the goal of Duke Futures. 

Designed by newly-appointed director 
Caroline Nisbet, the summer internship 
program has begun with the assistance of 
alumni and an $80,000 gift from Chemical 
Bank. For this summer, the program should 
give seventy-five Duke students "high quality, 
career-related" work experiences in both the 
corporate and non-profit sectors. That num- 
ber will eventually reach 400, according to 

A main objective of the Duke Futures is to 
build strong links between undergraduates 

and alumni, Nisbet says. Because of the ag- 
gressive recruitment of participating interns 
and employers— and the careful screening of 
students— Duke Futures is distinctive from 
the informal alumni networks of other uni- 
versities, she adds. 

The program is trying to attract corporate 
sponsors and Duke alumni to fund need- 
based and merit scholarship awards. Nisbet's 
hope is that financial burdens from low 
wages or relocation for the summer won't 
prohibit a student from taking an appropri- 
ate job. The scholarships will also cover tui- 
tion for independent study courses tied to 
summer internships. 

Groups of future freshmen will be selected 
for the program when admitted to Duke, 
with special emphasis on students from 
North Carolina, those who are financially 
needy, and minority students. Such Scholar- 
Interns will be guaranteed placement in 
summer jobs for two years. Other students 
will be able to compete for places in the pro- 
gram as sophomores or juniors. 

The program is primarily seeking place- 
ments in small and medium-size offices so 
students will receive more hands-on experi- 
ence. Many of the students are expected to 
be interested in medicine or medical research, 
law, and investment banking, Nisbet says. 
Her office is also working to develop jobs in 
other areas where it is difficult for an under- 
graduate to get a job, or where non-profit 
status might prevent full funding of the stu- 
dent's experience. In such cases, the program 
will subsidize up to 50 percent of a student's 

Participation should be a good deal for 
both employers and students, says Nisbet. 
"The whole program is planned to give stu- 
dents intense hands-on experience in the 
position and field they've chosen." 

The program's first target cities are Dur- 
ham, Raleigh, Winston-Salem, Greensboro, 
and Charlotte, North Carolina; and Phila- 
delphia, Atlanta, and Dallas. Nisbet expects 
that list to grow as student interest grows— 
notably, to include Washington, D.C., and 
New York City. Interested alumni— poten- 
tial employers of interns and those in a posi- 
tion to interest other employers— should 
write to the Duke Futures Office, 2138 
Campus Drive, Suite 306, Duke University, 
Durham, N.C. 27706, or call (919) 684-6601. 

Write: Class Notes Editor, Alumni Affairs, 
Duke University, 614 Chapel Dr., Durham, N.C 

News of alumni who have received grad- 
uate or professional degrees but did not 
attend Duke as undergraduates appears 
under the year In which the advanced 
degree was awarded. Otherwise the year 
designates the person's undergraduate 

20s & 30s 

James M. Hornaday 70 and his wife, Virginia, 
gave a gift of $225,000 to the Duke Medical Center 
that will contribute to the Joseph A. Wadsworth Pro- 
fessorship in ophthalmology and to a new bone mar- 
row transplantation program for children with cancer. 
He is the founder of Guilford Mills. 

'27 , the first and only woman member 
of Durham County's Alcoholic Beverage Control 
Board, retired in May. 

'31, of Sarasota, Fla., has played in 
senior tennis tournaments for several years. Last year, 
in the age 75-and-over category, he was ranked 
eighteenth nationally, fifth in Florida singles, and 
second in Florida doubles. 

T. Herbert Minga B.Div. '31, pastor emeritus of 
White Rock United Methodist Church in Dallas, 
Texas, wrote and published a pamphlet that includes a 
short autobiography with anecdotes from his days at 
Duke. He organized the first Duke Alumni Club in 
Dallas in 1933 . He is retired and enjoys traveling with 
his wife, Gladys. 

Raymond D. Adams M.D '37, after a decade of 
research in neuropathology at the Mallory Institute of 
Pathology and Neurological Research Unit at Boston 
City Hospital, became chief of neurological service at 
Mass. General Hospital and Bullard Professor of 
Neuropathology at Harvard Medical School, posi- 
tions he held from 1951 to 1978. He is now a professor 


Yearning for an 
snack? Ready to banish 
brie, eschew white 
wine? Reintroduce the 
South to your mouth. 
Get yourself a Moon 
Pie. And complement 
it with an R.C Cola, as 
recommended by those 
in the know. 

From the World 
Headquarters of the 
Moon Pie Cultural 
Club in Charlotte, 
North Carolina, execu- 
tive director Ron 
Dickson '55 has colla- 
borated with other 
connoisseurs in pro- 
ducing The Grear 
American Moon Pie 

"For 65 years, the 
fame of the Moon Pie 
has spread from its 
humble origins at the 
Chattanooga Bakery," 
reads the cover text 
"Secure in the folk 
tradition of rural 
America, the marsh- 
mallow sandwich has 
now been discovered 
by urban sophisticates. 
From New York to Cali- 
fornia, some 50 million 
Moon Pies will be 
savored this year." 

Legend has it that in 
1919 a traveling sales- 
man entered the Chat- 
tanooga Bakery. After 
walking up and down 
the long counter, he 
still hadn't made a 

two cookies is a layer of 
marshmallow approxi- 
mately one-fourth inch 
thick. Depending upon 
flavor to be created, 
the sandwich is 
drenched with a gener- 

of choco- 
late, vanilla, banana, or 
coconut flavored 

In the book, Dickson 
races what he calls 
the "Noble Snack" 
throughout its 

political, social, 
and cultural 
impact, its place 
in music, televi- 
sion, film, child 

firmly in 

cheek. There's 
disclaimer: "All 
statements of fact in 
this book are either 

selection. "What 1 got 
in mind," he told the 
clerk, "is a couple of 
soft cookies with a little 
marshmallow 'tween 
'em and chocolate all 
over it. But I 'spect a 
fellow 'd have to go 
plumb to the moon to 
find a pie like that. 
Danged if I don't think 
it'd sell, though." 

As Dickson writes in 
the handbook, "The 
name of that traveling 
visionary has been lost 
to the ages, but his idea 

truth, justice, and the 
American way. Within 
weeks of his sugges- 
tion, the Chattanooga 
Bakery produced the 
first Moon Pie and the 
world was changed 

For the edification of 
the neophyte, the 
Moon Pie "consists of 
two cookies, each 
about four inches in 
diameter and reminis- 

crackers....Between the 

When Dickson isn't 
touting the Noble 
Snack, he's a facility 
manager for the Bur- 
roughs Corporation. 
And, his bio reveals, 
"he spends his leisure 
time on his sailboat, 
which proudly flies the 
official Moon Pie flag." 
And he'll probably be 
wearing the official 
Moon Pie Tshirt, base- 
ball cap, jacket, or night 
shirt, which can be 
ordered from a form in 
the back of the book. 

emeritus. He founded a research center, from which 
he recently retired as director, for studies in the pre- 
vention of mental retardation. His associates estab- 
lished a Raymond D Adams Institute in the center 
and an R. D Adams Lectureship in Neurology at 
Mass. General Hospital in his honor. He holds honor- 
ary memberships in most of the neurology and neuro- 
pathology societies, along with honorary doctor of 
medicine and doctor of science degrees from many 
universities throughout the world. He still teaches, 
studies problem cases in clinical neurology, and writes 
and re-edits his books. 

W. Kenneth Goodson B.D. '37 received an 
honorary doctor of divinity degree during Founder's 
Day ceremonies at Campbell University, Buies Creek, 
N.C. He is bishop in residence at Duke's divinity 

Mary Ann Heyward Ferguson '38, A.M. '40 
retired as chair of the English department at the Uni- 
versity of Massachusetts in Boston. She is now a visit- 
ing research scholar at the Wellesley College Research 
Center on Women. She lives in Belmont, Mass. 

Ken Folsom '38, who is retired from the Washing- 
ton, DC, police department, played the role of Judge 
Weaver in Anatomy of a Murder, presented by the 
Honolulu Community Theater. He is also treasurer of 
the Hawaii Geographic Society. 

Chester Lucas B.S.C.E. '38 is the authot of Inter- 
national Construction Business Management, published 
by McGraw-Hill. He writes for several publit 
about the management of design and < 
projects. He lives in Southern Pines, N.C. 

Dillard M. Sholes Jr. '38 is professor < 
and chairman of the department of obstetrics and 
gynecology at East Tennessee State University College 
of Medicine in Johnson City, Tenn. He is head of the 
gynecological service at the V.A. Hospital at Moun- 
tain Home in Johnson City. 


G. Connar M.D. '41 was named vice pre- 
sident for medical affairs at the University of South 
Florida, where he is a member of the Liaison Com- 
mittee on Medical Education. He is listed in Who's 
Who in America and holds memberships in numerous 
medical societies. He is a past president of Duke's 
General Alumni Association and a past chairman of 
the Duke University National Council. 

Sarah Wade Hitchcock R.N. '41 retired in 

October as the director of nursing at Rex Hospital in 
Raleigh, a position she held since 1961. 

Robert R. Everett B.S.E.E. '42 received the 
Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Asso- 
ciation Gold Medal Award for Engineering for his 
"superior technical competence, extraordinary per- 
formance and personal direction of major command, 
control, communications, and intelligence systems 
essential to the enhancement of national and free 
world security." 

Carl Horn Jr. '42, LL.B. '47, a member of the board 
of directors of First Security Corp., was named one of 
ten outstanding chief executives of major corpora- 
tions in the U.S. by Financial World magazine. He is 
an executive-in-residence at the College of Business 
Administration at UNC-Charlotte. He and his wife, 
Virginia, live in Charlotte and have four children. 


illions of 
fiddle en- 

knew about Tommy 
Jarrell, who, before his 
death earlier this year, 
was one of the most 
prolific performers of 

music. Thanks, in part, 
to the work of Cece 
Conway '64, A.M. *69, 
his music and worldly 
wisdom will live on for 
generations to come. 

Til eat when I'm 
hungry, I'll drink when 
I'm dry. If I get to feel- 
ing much better, 111 
sprout wings and fly," 
sang Jarrell, recipient of 
the first National Herit- 
age Fellowship from the 
National Endowment 
for the Arts in 1982. 
His lyrics inspired the 
tide of an award-win- 

about the fiddle player, 
produced and directed 
by Conway, 

independent filmmaker 
Les Blank, and singer 
Alice Gerrard. 

"Sprout Wings and 
Fly" was born of two 
ten-day visits by 
Conway and crew with 
Jarrell in 1978 at his 

Toast, North Carolina, 
home. They produced 
some twenty hours of 
footage and sound tape 
of Jarrell playing at 
home, at his sisters' 
homes, in church, at a 
fiddlers convention, at 
the country store. 
Conway recalls not 
only the hectic pace, 
but Jarrell's generosity 
in sharing his tradition- 
al music with others. 

"He had people from 
all over the world come 
to visit and live there 
for as long as a year to 
play with him and 
learn from him," 
Conway says. "He was 
an unexcelled 
Southern fiddle player 
with incredible rhythm 
and energy in his 
playing. He was one of 
those people who 
learned his repertory 
before radio and 
records were available, 
so he believed in an old 
and traditional style." 

The documentary 
won two national 
awards and has been 
shown at a number of 
top film festivals, in- 
cluding the American 
Film Festival and the 

Telluride Festival. In a 
Spanish translation, it 
toured ten Latin Ameri- 
can countries for the 
US. I 

Conway 1 
teres ted in Jarrell dur- 
ing her graduate school 
days at Duke, when she 
attended a fiddlers con- 
vention. That led to 
interest in all types of 
Carolina folklore— 
from pottery made in 
Jug Town to the early 
musical exchange 
between Anglo- and 
Afro-Americans of the 
state. An English 
teacher at UNC-Chapel 
Hill, Conway has also 
taught courses in folk- 
lore for Duke's con- 
tinuing education 

"What attracted me 
to folklorer she asks. 
"I don't know, except 
that it was a feeling. I 
felt an affinity to the 
music and the people 
and the way of life. 
And I found that 
people who play old 
time music are just 
nice folks." 

Eleanor Powell Latimer '42 was named to the 
board of visitors of High Point College in North 

John P. McGovern '43, M.D. '45, the founder 
and director of the McGovem Allergy Clinic, re- 
ceived a commendation from President Reagan "in 
recognition of exemplary community service in the 
finest American tradition." 

John E. Cann M.D. '44, an anesthesiologist at St. 
Francis Memorial Hospital, retired in July. He lives in 
Mill Valley, Calif. 

M. Kreps A.M. '44, Ph.D. '48 was re- 
elected to the board of directors of Zurn Industries, 
Inc. She is a former U.S. secretary of commerce and 
former vice president of Duke. She is also a director of 
several other major U.S. corporations and a trustee of 
The Duke Endowment. 

Matthew S. Rae '44, LL.B. '47, a partner in the 
Los Angeles law firm Darling, Hall & Rae, was ap- 
pointed by Gov. George Deukmejian to the California 
Commission of Uniform State Laws. 

M. L. "Feathers" Cunlngham '47 owns and 
operates the Waverly Plantation, which was settled by 
his ancestors in 1799 and located on the North 
Carolina-Virginia line between Danville, South 
Boston, and Roxboro. He welcomes visitors to the 
homeplace, built in 1835 and listed in the National 
Register of Histot ic Places. Records from the settle- 
ment are in Perkins Library's manuscript department 
at Duke. 

L. Robins '47 sold his business in Harris- 
burg, Penn., and retired to Fripp Island, S.C. 

Ward S. Mason '48 retired in November '84 from 
the National Institute of Education, part of the 

federal Department of Education, where he was a 
senior research associate. He is a consultant in educa- 
tional research and lives in Potomac, Md., with his 
wife, Marie D Maynard. 

'49, former chairman of the edu- 
cation department at Duke, has been president of 
Richmond Professional Institute, provost of Virginia 
Commonwealth University, and president of Marshall 
University in Huntington, WVa. He is currently the 
ptesident of Creative Leadership Systems, Inc., 
Greensboro, N.C., a management consulting firm that 
works with businesses and government organizations 
in executive assessment and development. 

MARRIAGES: Anne Mellin '44 to Alvah W. 
Morgan on June 8. Residence: Houston... Ward S. 
Mason '48 to Marie D Maynard on March 23. Resi- 
dence: Potomac, Md. 


Marvin T. Glenn '50 was named east central 
regional sales manager for Cablec Corp. He is 
responsible for operations in Kentucky, Ohio, 
Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, West Vir- 
ginia, and Western Pennsylvania. 

Jay Goldman B.S.M.E. '50 was appointed engi- 
neering school dean at the University of Alabama at 
Birmingham. He has been a consultant to more than 
25 organizations and a faculty member at several insti- 
tutions, including Duke. He is the author or co-author 
of at least 50 technical publications. He is listed in 
Who's Who in America, Who's Who in American Educa- 
tion, Who's Who in Engineering, Who's Who in the Mid- 

west, and Who's Who in tfie South and Southwest. He 
and his wife, Renitta, live in Mountain Brook, Ala. 

Carlyle B. Hayes '50 has been certified by the 
National Society of Fund Raising Executives for 
"achieving an advanced level of proficiency in the 
fund-raising field." 

Robert E. Rhine '50 retired from General Motors 
Corp. after nearly 32 years. He was plant managet of 
the Mexico City assembly and manufacturing plants 
for the past 10 years and had spent the 10 years before 
with General Motors in Europe. He lives in Hills- 
borough, N.C. 

John H. Christy Jr. '51, B.Div. '54 was the 
speaker at Pfeiffer College's centennial commence- 
ment exercises in May. 

Clay S. Felker '51 was named editor in chief at 
AdWek magazine. He chairs Duke Magazine's Editorial 
Advisory Board. 

John M. Lee '51, business/financial editor for The 
New York Times, was named as an assistant to the 

George E. Shore '51 received his doctor of 
ministry degree in May from the Golden Gate Baptist 
Theological Seminary in Mill Valley, Calif. He is the 
ditector of associational development with the N.C. 
Baptist State Convention. 

George V. Grune '52, chairman and chief execu- 
tive officet of The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., 
was elected to the board of directors of CPC Inter- 
national, Inc., a food processing company. 

Boyd H. Hill Jr. '53 has completed two terms as 
chair of the history department at the University of 
Colorado at Boulder. He is on leave in Europe, re- 

"H find it emotionally 
H satisfying to deal 
H with southern 
cooking because it is so 
closely tied to the land, 
to the seasons, and to 
my heritage," says the 
author in his successful 
new book, BillNeal's 
Southern Cooking. 

Neal '71 grew up in a 
small farming com- 
munity near Gaffney, 
South Carolina. "My 
parents raised their 
own cows, which they 
milked, as well as 
chickens and pigs," he 
told Craig Claiborne in 
The New York Times. 
"They cured their own 
hams, smoked their 
own sausages, and we 

! had a huge garden with 
things like mustard and 

. turnip greens, corn, 
tomatoes, lima beans, 
and various peas like 
black-eyed peas and 
crowder peas and lady 

Most Southerners 
learned their cooking 
from watching their 
grandmother, mother, 
or the family cook. 

Mealtime was family 
time and food was the 
measure of love. For 
Neal, who became a 
chef and restaurateur, it 
also became a labor of 
love. In his book, he 
shares 117 old-style and 
new-style recipes, from 
hoppin' John to pump- 
kin soup. It's American 
cuisine at its best, a 
combination of native 
American, Western 
European, and African 

"Everything I do is as 
authentic as possible, 
but with my own re- 
finements," he told 
Claiborne. "Everyone 
thinks that Southern 
food is overcooked, so 
that is one fault I try to 
avoid. I also try to avoid 
the present-day Califor- 
nia style of cooking. I 
would never put goat 
cheese in a traditional 
Southern dish." 

Neal's experience at 
the stove didn't start 
immediately after 
graduation. The A.B. 
Duke Scholar taught 
high school English for 

two years, and did 
graduate work in New 
York City. His apprecia- 
tion of literature is evi- 
denced in Southern 
Cooking: Each chapter 
is prefaced with a quote 
relating to the topic -a 
Truman Capote char- 
acter on biscuits, a 
Carson McCullers on 
hoppin' John, or a 
Thomas Wolfe on the 
mid-day meal. 

Neal's former wife, 
Susan Hobbs '71, 
helped introduce him 
to "sophisticated" 
cooking, he said, when 
they would travel from 
her home town in 
Mississippi to New 
Orleans. Their favorite 
restaurant was 
Antoine's. Eventually, 
they had sampled most 
of the menu and tried 
to recreate the dishes at 

By 1976, the Neals 
had decided to open a 
restaurant, La Resi- 
dence, in Chapel Hill. 
They were co-owners 
and co-chefs until they 
divorced in 1982. La 

Residence, now run by 
Susan, continues to be 
a success. 

Bill then opened 
Crook's Corner, also in 
Chapel Hill. This 
popular restaurant has 
a more casual ambience 
than his first venture, 
and its menu reflects 
his Southern, "sophisti- 
cated" talents. But 
barbecue and Bruns- 
wick stew appear to 
have earned a place of 
respect alongside his 
gourmet offerings. 

Notes Neal in his 
book's introduction: 
"The dishes herein 
are.. .my affirmation of 
an active Southern 
heritage. I want to 
know what season it is, 
what day it is, where I 
live and how I got 
there: Nature has a 
beautiful and perfect 
order of which we are 
all only a small part, 
and never lords. I want 
to be a subject to the 
mystery of this world, 
and I can do so, in part, 
by celebrating it at my 
table, with those I love." 

searching tenth-century Normandy. His wife, Alette 
Olin Hill '54, was appointed associate professor of 
technical communications at Metropolitan State 
College in Denver, Colo. Her book, Mother 
Tongue/Father Time: A Decade of Linguistic Revolt, will 
be published by Indiana Univetsity Press next fall. 

William A. Howe '53 is president of Frye & Smith, 
a California commercial printing division of Ameri- 
can Standard, Inc. 

William G. Robinson '53 is vice president of 
sales for Aurora Casket Co. He and his wife, Joan, live 
in Aurora, Ind., and have two daughters, a son, and 
five grandchildren. 

James Wallace Rush '53 was named a Life Fel- 
low of the American Biographical Institute Research 

Wallace R. Klrby B.Div. '54 is the author of four 
books. His latest book, 1/ Only..., is a collection of 
sermons for the middle third of the Pentecost season. 
He is district superintendent of the N.C. Conference 
United Methodist Church and a Duke trustee. 

Michel Bourgeols-Gavardin M.D. 55, staff 
anesthesiologist at Watts and Durham County 
General Hospital and a clinical associate professor of 
anesthesiology at Duke, retired from practice on July 

, Wray '55, the president of Wray/Ward 
Advertising in Charlotte, N.C, was elected vice 
chairman of the Carolinas Council of the American 
Association of Advertising Agencies. 

John Q. Beard '56, J.D '60 was elected president 
of the N.C. Bar Association. He is a partner in the 
Raleigh law firm Sanford, Adams, McCullough and 

S. James English III '56, a radio/television 
broadcaster for 30 years, joined the faculty of Tbwson 
State University, Towson, Md. Besides classroom 

teaching, he is station manager for the university's 
10,000-watt radio station, WCVT-FM. 

Charles R DeSanto Ph.D. '57 represented Duke 
in September at the inauguration of the president of 
Susquehanna University. 

Jacob Christian Martinson Jr. M.Div. '57, 

former president of Brevard College, is now president 
of High Point College. 

Lee Simmons '57 is chief executive officer and 
chairman of Franklin Spier, Inc. , a subsidiary of 
BBDO International. 

'59 is an artist whose paintings 
have been represented in many collections in North 
Carolina. She has been featured in 15 solo shows in 
North Carolina, New York City, and Houston, Texas. 

i D. Grubbs '59, J.D. '61 was inducted : 
fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers. 
Grubbs is a partner with Woodward, Hobson & 
Fulton of Louisville, Ky. 

B.S.E.E. '59, one of the ori- 
ginal sales executives at Storage Technology Corp., 
has established an independent marketing and busi- 
ness consulting firm, T.R. Associates, which caters t( 
high technology companies. He lives in Boulder, 

Marcla Lee Tuttle '59 received the first 
Bowker/Ulrich's Serials Librarianship Award to be 
presented annually by the American Library 
Association. She is president of the association's 
resources and technical services division and heads 
the serials department of Davis Library at UNC- 
Chapel Hill. 

Ann Marie Welch '59, A.M. '60 is the first 
woman elected to the Conn. State Medical Society. 
She is an associate attending physician at New Britai 
General Hospital in Hartford County. She is a mem- 
ber of the American College of Physicians, the 

American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental 
Therapeutics, the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, and the New York Academy of 
Science. She is listed in Who's Who in the East and 
Who's Who of American Women. 

MARRIAGES: Ron P. Helson '52 to Norma 
Randy De Kadt on July 27. Residence: Old Green- 
wich, Conn. 

BIRTHS: A son to Sheldon R. Pinnell M.D. '59 
and Doren Madey Pinnell '74, M.Ed. '75, Ph.D. 
'79 on Nov. 6. Named Tyson Richard. 


'60 was named 
business/financial editor of The New York Times. He is 
also the author of a book about Taiwan and author or 
co-author of three books about business. 

'60, chairman and chief execu- 
tive officer of Health Group, Inc., Nashville, Tenn., 
has joined the board of directors for Electro-Biology, 
Inc. and Monoclonal Antibodies, Inc. 

Robin Lyons Kramer '60, the hostess at Duke 
Chapel, writes that she hopes alumni will stop in to 
say "hello." 

John R. Scudder Ed.D '61 is the author of Mean- 
ing, Dialogue, and Encuituration: Phenomenological 
Philosophy of Education, published by University Press 
of America. 

'61 defeated incumbent 
Judy Goldsmith in July to win a third term as presi- 
dent of the National Organization for Women 

Ben D. Barker M.Ed. '62 was reappointed to a 
second five-year term as dean of the School of Dentis- 
try at UNC-Chapel Hill. He became dean in 1981. 

James K. Engstrom '62 is a captain with 
American Airlines and was selected as manager of 
flight standards. He has a daughter, Jaime 
Engstrom '85, and his son, Scott Engstrom, is a 
junior at Duke, 

Steven T. Kimbrough B.Div. '62 joined the Cen 
ter of Theological Inquiry in Princeton, N.J., for the 
academic year 1985-86. Membership is by invitation 
only. The Center was established to foster research 
and study by outstanding scholars in the area of 
theology and related fields. Kimbrough has written 
many articles on biblical, musical, and related sub- 
jects, and he is also an internationally known bari- 

M. Mewhort Jr. '62, LL.B. '65 repre- 
sented Duke in October at the inauguration of the 
president of the University of Toledo. 

Gary L. Wilson '62 was named executive vice 
president and elected a director of Walt Disney 
Productions. He will be the chief financial officer of 
the company. He has been the executive vice presi- 
dent and chief financial officer for Marriott Corp. He 
serves on the board of visitors of Duke's Fuqua School 
of Business and as co-chairman of IREFAC, the finan- 
cial advisory board of the American Hotel 6*. Motel 

Ann Whitmlre Chipley '63 is the government 
relations director for NC. United Way. She was 
elected to a two-year term as director of the legislative 
program of the American Association of University 
Women (AAUW) at its national convention in June. 
She lives in Cary, N.C. 

M. Curley Ph.D. '63 is the author of The 
Collected Works of Spinoza, Vol. 1, published by Prince- 
ton University Press. Curley is a philosophy professor 
at the University of Illinois at Chicago. 

M.E '64 was promoted in May 
to eastern zone manufacturing manager for the 
chemical division of Georgia-Pacific Corp., a forest 
products company based in Atlanta. 

'65 is dean of language 
arts and humanities at Los Medanos College in 
Pittsburg, Calif. 

Vaughn C. Pearson '65 was named executive 

The Nominating Committee of the 
General Alumni Association's board 
of directors invites recommendations 
for members of the board and its officers. 
Alumni may submit recommendations, 
along with biographical information, to: M. 
Laney Funderburk Jr., Director of Alumni 
Affairs, Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive, 
Durham, North Carolina 27706. 

H. Folwell Jr. A.M. '63 was appointed 
dean of the Lundy-Fetterman School of Business at 
Campbell University, Buies Creek, N.C. 

Peter S. Gold '63, J. D. '66 is vice president and 
general counsel for Akzo America, Inc., which oper- 
ates in 16 states and Canada. He and his wife, Becky 
Strother Gold, have a son and a daughter. 

Geoffrey S. Mason '63 was appointed executive 
director and tournament producer for the Nabisco 
Dinah Shore Golf Tournament. He has previously 
been a producer, director, and executive vice president 
for NBC Sports and a producer at ABC Sports. He 
has received five Emmy Awards and is a member of 
the Directors Guild of America. He lives in Rancho 
Mirage, Calif. 

Barry C. Newton MAT. '63 was promoted to 
senior vice president at NCNB National Bank. He 
lives in Davidson, N.C, where he works with the Boy 
Scouts and serves as an officer for the Davidson Com- 
munity Association. 

Mary Sue Skaggs Rose '63 is an information 

scientist at Marion Laboratories in Kansas City, Mo. 
She lives in Lenexa, Kan. 

M. E. Kadaster B.S.C.E. '64 is the president of a 
new company in Newport Beach, Calif. Newport 
International Projects Co., Inc., offers marketing and 
management consulting with expertise in inter- 
national business development. 

vice president and chief credit officer at Northpark 
National Bank in Dallas, Texas. He serves on the 
boards of the Southwestern Graduate School of Bank- 
ing, Robert Morris Associates, and the American 
Institute of Banking. He is chairman of the board of 
the American Institute of Banking's Dallas chapter 
and a member of the Tulane Business Council. 

John J. Tarpley '65 is a lieutenant colonel in the 
U.S. Army and is attending the U.S. Army War Col- 
lege at Carlisle Barracks, Penn., to prepare for top 
level command with the armed forces throughout the 

Nick Homer '66 was admitted to partnership with 
the accounting firm Price-Waterhouse. After a year 
with the firm's Los Angeles office, Homer will return 
to the Newport Beach, Calif, office as the informa- 
tion systems partner on the office's 20-person manage- 
ment consulting team. 

Sherry Ann Kellett '66 was promoted to vice 
president of Southern National Bank of North Caro- 
lina. She is a member of the American Institute of 
CPAs and has held offices in the Mecklenburg County 
Humane Society, the Hospice of Charlotte, Inc., and 
the NCACPA's Charlotte area chapter. 

Christopher M. Armitage Ph.D. '67, 
professor of English at UNC-Chapel Hill, was 
awarded a Bowman and Gordon Gray Professorship, 
which is given "to promote the quality of effectiveness 
in teaching." 

Jack O. Bovender '67, M.H.A. '69 was promoted 
to vice president of the Atlanta division of the Hospi- 
tal Corp. of America. He will have corporate respon- 
sibility for the eighteen HCA hospitals in Georgia 
and Sourh Carolina. He, his wife, Barbara, and their 
son live in Atlanta. 

Richard A. Frohwirth '67 is a clinical psycholo- 
gist at Stamford Hospital in Stamford, Conn., where 
he also has a private practice. He lives in Stamford 
with his wife, Gayle, and his two step-daughters. 

Paul Hammack Ed.D. '67, former superintendent 
of Union County Schools, N.C, is an adjunct profes- 
sor of education and special assistant to the dean at 
Wingate College, a Baptist institution in Wingate, 

Fred O. Priest Jr. '67 writes that he spent his 
August vacation in Ixtapa, Mexico, with several of his 
Sigma Chi fraternity brothers: James R. Stitt '67 
and his wife, Loretta Perez Stitt '67 ; James 
B. Madison '67, D. Craig Brater '67, and C. 
Patrick Hybarger '66. 

Betty Futrell Shepherd B.S.N. '67 received a 

doctorate in curriculum and instruction from Virginia 
Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacks- 
burg, Va. She is an associate professor of nursing at 
Virginia Western Community College. 

Elaine Weis '67 is the Utah commissioner of finan- 
cial institutions, serving as the chief regulator of all 
state-chartered commercial and thrift banks, savings 
and loans, credit unions, and consumer lenders in 

Summer Session 1986 

Term I Term II 

^ May 8 - June 21 June 24 - August 7 

A wide range of liberal arts and pre-professional courses. 

17 programs for study abroad in North and Subsaharan Africa, 
Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, North and South 
America, and the Middle East. 

Applications of non-Duke students accepted from individuals 
in good standing at an accredited institution, students 
accepted at an accredited institution, and college 

For more information, a brochure and an application, call or write: 
Summer Session Office 
121 Allen Building 
Durham, NC 27706 

Tony Barone '68, a former substitute guard of 
Duke's basketball team, was named head coach at 
Creighton University, Omaha, Neb., in June. 

Kevin Delaney '68 is a folk musician who has per- 
formed throughour the U.S. and the British Isles. He 
plays the guitar, fiddle, banjo, autoharp, and tin 
whistle and performs folk, blues, jazz, and country 
acoustic music. 

Robert Lindley Ellis '68 is a founder and presi- 
dent of The Aries Group, an organization specializing 
in the design of large telecommunications networks. 
He has written several articles and two books— The 
Post-Divestiture Tariffs and Their Impact on large Net- 
works and Designing Data Networks. 

Dee Corbell Gramond '68 is living in Neris-Les- 
Bains, France, with her husband, Claude, and two 
children. She is an assistant librarian in Montlucon. 

Gordon F. Grant '68 was promoted to directot of 
marketing over Fruit of the Loom and BVD underwear 
by the Union Underwear Co. He is also director of 
licensing operations for Fruit of the Loom and BVD. 
He lives in Bowling Green, Ky., with his wife, Jennifet, 
and their three children. 

Joseph Bancroft Lesesne '68, M.D. 76, aftet 
several years of private practice in internal medicine 
in South Carolina, has returned for a fellowship in 
hematology-oncology at Georgetown University in 
Washington, DC. 

former coordinator of the 
Healthy Childten Initiative in the Tenn. Depattment 
of Health, was appointed state commissioner of 
human services. She and her husband, Jack Sallee, 
have four children and live in Cookeville, Tenn. 

Margaret Howard '69 represented Duke in Octo- 
ber at the inauguration of the president of Fisk 

MARRIAGES: Fred O. Priest Jr. '67 to Ineke 
Spruit on May 25. Residence: Fairfax, Calif. . . . Dee 
Corbell '68 to Claude Gramond. Residence: Neris- 
Les-Bains, France.. James C. Hearn Jr. '68 to 
Marsha Ann Davis 77 on Aug. 6. Residence: 

BIRTHS: First child and son to I 
'64, M.D. '68 and Karen Wald on July 29. Named 
Randall David. ..Second daughter to G. Edwin 
Newman '69, M.D. 73 and Mary Bergson 

72 on Oct. 24. Named Kathryn Ashley. 


Taffy Cannon 70, M.A.T 71 is the author of Con- 
victions, published by William Morrow. She lives in 
Venice, Calif., with her husband, Bill Kamenjarin 

70, an attorney. They have one daughter. 

Carolyn Black Dobbins 70 is a partner in the 
Atlanta law firm King ck Spalding. She and her hus- 
band, B. Knox Dobbins, have one daughter. 

; P. Golson Ph.D. 70 joined Broadway & 
Seymour, Inc., as the corporate planning director. The 
firm specializes in financial industry software develop- 
ment and sales and information systems design, 
development, and consulting. 

Scrivner 70, M.A.T. 72 is a partner 
with Michael, Best & Friedrich, where he practices 
management labor law. He and his wife, Meredith 
Burke Scrivner B.S.N. 72, live in Whitefish Bay, 
Wise, with their daughter. 

Mark J. Tager 70, M.D. 74 is the co-author of 
Working Well: Managing for Health and High Perfor- 

mance, published by Simon &. Schuster. He is the 
president of Great Performance, Inc., a Chicago-based 
health management firm. 

Kenneth Touw 70 is a clinical research scientist 
at Burroughs Wellcome Co.'s department of clinical 
medicine. He lives in Chapel Hill, N.C. 

Allen 71 is a strategic plannet with 
Burroughs Wellcome Co. in the Research Triangle 

John R. Coupland 71 was named director of 
finance for R.J. Reynold's international operations in 
Japan. He was the regional finance director for South- 
east Asia and Australia. 

Fran Freeman Harwell 71 is with the law firm 

Dominick, Fletcher, Yeilding, Wood, and Lloyd in 
Birmingham, Ala. Her husband, G. Kelly Harwell 

B.S.E. 72, is chief engineer in charge of design and 
construction of ethanol plants with ETOH, based in 
Chapel Hill, N.C. They live in Birmingham. 

S June 71 has returned from 
Bangladesh, where she was the medical director of a 
Christian rural health and agricultural project of the 
Presbyterian church. She has started a private practice 
in pediatrics in Moultrie, Ga. 

Lawrence E. McCrone 71 is a senior biological 
oceanographer with Tetra Tech, Inc., an environ- 
mental consulting firm in Bellevue, Wash. He and his 
wife, Britta K. Bergman, and daughter live in Seattle. 

Arabella Meadows-Rogers 71 was named 

associate pastor of First Presbyterian Church in 

Jan A. Pechenik 71 is an associate ptofessor of 
biology at Tufts University, Medford, Mass., where he 
is teaching and researching the development of 
marine mollusks. He published Biology of the Inverte- 

No Duke alumni or student should be without this 
quality Hanes® shirt emblazed with a two color 
illustration of the New York Times Magazine cover 
featuring Duke as a Hot College. 

This hot item serves as that post-Christmas, pre- 
Valentines, birthday present or simply just to show 
off. So order now to ensure your chance to Shake 'n 
Bake throughout 1986! Not sold in the Duke Uni- 
versity Bookstore. 50-50 poly/ cotton shirts. 

DURHAM. N.C. 27706 







I Then things are done 
m/m/ well, you notice. You 
V V notice The Sheraton 
University Center's attention to 
comfort. The relaxed elegance 
of the atrium lounge, the way 
the cool of ^^^ 

the indoor #^-w^« m T f ,^, m -y^ friendly, 
pool and the 17* IV I I I J I J attentive 

adjoining m^ j W* . I %| * . I % service of 

service to the Research Triangle 
Park, the Raleigh-Durham Airport, 
and Duke Hospital. 

Enjoy Praline's southern-style 
charm, and Oliver's Signature 
Restaurant's continental cuisine. 
You'll notice and appreciate the 

Of Attention 

our staff. 

The Sheraton University 
Center does things very well. 
That's why, in only one year, 
we've become the Center 
of Attention. 

whirlpool's bubbles soothe 
worries away. 

Xow notice extra-fluffy pillows, 
thick, plentiful towels, oversized 
guest rooms. Twenty-four hour 
news, sports, and movies, and 
complimentary limousine 

15-501 By-Pass at Morreene Road, 

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(rates last February and has completed a manuscript 
for a book on scientific writing. He and his wife, 
Lindy, a marine biologist, live in Cambridge, Mass. 

William A. Porter 71 is vice president for 
planning and development for the Washington, D.C., 
Close Up Foundation, which provides television pro- 
grams, publications, and study seminars for citizens of 
all ages to leam how government works. Bill and his 
wife, Annette, live in Arlington, Va., and have one 

Mark Sills M.Div. 71, director of Greensboro 
Urban Ministry since 1981, resigned to spearhead a 
new human services agency. The Human Service 
Services Institute, based at Guilford College, is a 
research/action agency that will work in a five-state 

J.D. 71 is the new presi- 
dent of the West Florida Foundation. 

lie 71 is opening a new office of 
IDS/American Express, a nationwide financial 
services firm, in Goldsboro, NC. He has been a high 
school teacher, coach, and athletic director in the 
Goldsboro area. He is active in the Fellowship of 
Christian Athletes. 

W III M.Div. 71 was named 
president of Martin College in Pulaski, Tenn. 

Larry B. Clifton M.Div. 72 is a substance-abuse 
counselor and chaplain with the Greenville County 
Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse and 
Detoxification Center in Greenville, SC. 

Hlupf A.M. 72 was named second vice 
president and associate actuary for United of Omaha, 
the principal life insurance affiliate of Mutual of 
Omaha Insurance Co. 

. Lacy 72 has joined the Durhan 

Chapel Hill architectural firm O'Brien/Atkins Asso- 
ciates. He is project manager for the Alumni Center 
at UNC-Chapel Hill. 

Frances Johnson Wright 72 was selected for 
inclusion in Outstanding Young Women of America, 
Who's Who and Why of Successful Florida Women, and 
Who's Who in American Law. This is the first time that 
a woman has been awarded all three honors. Formerly 
trial counsel to the Fla. Power Corp. in St. Petersburg, 
Fla., she now practices law in Tampa. She was selected 
to participate in the Fla. Chamber of Commerce 
Leadership Program, "Leadership Florida." She is mar- 
ried to Fla. High Speed Flail Commissioner John 
Parke Wright IV. 

Cleveland Kent Evans 73 received his Ph.D. in 
psychology and is an instructor in psychology at 
Eastern Michigan University at Ypsilanti, Mich. 

Ferrerl 73, former accounting in- 
the Weatherhead School of Management 
at Case Western University in Cleveland, received 
the Teaching Excellence Award at commencement 
exercises last spring. She and her husband, Gene 
Ferrer! 73, are the former presidents of the Duke 
Club of Cleveland. They now live in Raleigh. 

Freddy E. McFarren M.Ed. 73, a 1 
colonel in the U.S. Army, is attending the U.S. Army 
War College at Carlisle Barracks, Penn., to prepare for 
top level command with the armed forces throughout 
the world. 

ft 73 is a writer for the international edi- 
tions of Time magazine. She lives in New York City 
with her husband, Alex S. Jones, a reporter for The 
New York Times. 

David H. Watts B.S.E. 73, M.S. 75 is co-founder 
and vice president of Planning Consultants, Inc., a 

February 1-5 Dermatology for Non-Dermatologists 

Execlaris Hyatt Regency, Acapulco, Mexico 
February 1-8 Urologic Update 1986, Vail, CO 

February 3-7 3rd Annual Winter Symposium at Snowshoe, Snowshoe, WV 

February 5-7 13th Annual Meeting— Southern Perinatal Association 

Hilton Hotel and Towers, New Orleans, LA 
February 14-17 Postgraduate Course in Diagnostic Imaging 

Camino Real, Ixtapa, Mexico 
February 16-19 Improving Residency Rotations: Curriculum Planning and 

Negotiation, Quail Roost Conference Center, Rougemont, NC 
February 17-19 Selected Topics for the Practicing Clinician, Searle Center, DUMC 

February 19-22 2nd Annual Aging Conference: Cancer in the Elderly 

PGA Sheraton, Palm Beach Gardens, FL 
February 21 Psychopharmacology Update 1986 

Palm Beach Hyatt, West Palm Beach, FL 
March 6-8 7th Diving Accident and Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment 

Searle Center, DUMC 
March 16-19 Administrative Skills I: Power, Leadership and Authority 

Quail Roost Conference Center, Rougemont, NC 
April 4 Short Courses In Diagnostic Imaging— Body I 

Sheraton University Center, Durham, NC 
April 10-11 5th Annual OB /GYN Symposium 

Sheraton University Center, Durham, NC 
April 20-23 Administrative Skills II: Planning Change and Conflict Resolution 

Quail Roost Conference Center, Rougemont, NC 

For further information call the Office of Continuing Medical Education 

Outside NC 1-800-222-9984 Inside NC 1-800-672-9230 

systems engineering firm headquartered in Virginia 
Beach, Va. He lives in Norfolk. 

Susan Walker Wood 73 is the advertising direc- 
tor for the B. Dalton Bookseller retail chain. She and 
her husband, Andrew, have one daughter and live in 
Bloomington, Minn. 

H. Appelbaum 74 is a senior design 
with ProQuip, Inc., in Santa Clara, Calif. 

J. Arvay Jr. 74 appeared in November in 
the five-part ABC miniseries North and South, based 
on the John Jakes novel. Arvay played the duelist 
Whitney Smith. 

Eric F. Ensor 74, M.B.A. 77 is the director of 
strategic planning for Nynex Mobile Communica- 
tions in Pearl River, N.Y. His wife, Pamela S. 
Ensor B.S.N. 74, is serving as class agent for the 
Nursing Class of 74. Both are active in the local 
chapter of the Alumni Admissions Advisory Commit- 
tee. They have three children. 

Vaughn Hooks 74 is a senior manager in the tax 
department at the Atlanta office of Peat Marwick, an 
iblic accounting firm. 

Richard Melcher 74, a Business Week correspon- 
dent, was named manager ot the magazine's London 

Rory R. Olsen J.D. 74 is a tax and business attor- 
ney in Houston, Texas. His practice is centered on 
estate planning and probate, small corporations and 
partnerships, and federal taxation matters. 

Sh Ed.D. 74 works for the uni- 
versity placement services at Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Va. 

Fred P. Sanfilippo M.D. 74, Ph.D. 75, associate 
professor of pathology and experimental surgery at 
Duke Medical Center, was elected president of the 
American Society of Transplant Physicians. 

Laurie Stauffer Wagner 74 is a research/ 

production coordinator at VanDerKloot Film and 
Television in Atlanta. She and her husband, Mark, 
have one daughter and live in Atlanta. 

Barbara Wygal 74 received a doctor of veterinary 
medicine degree from Cornell University and plans to 
start a practice in feline medicine. 

Ellen L. Armbruster 75 is director of financial 
planning in the advanced underwriting department of 
Indianapolis Life Insurance Co. She is also a director 
of the White River Township Coalition and a sup- 
porter of the Humane Society, the Indianapolis 
Repertory Theatre, and the Audubon Society. She 
and her husband, Martin, and their son live in Green- 
wood, Ind. 

Beverly Brown Brewster 75 is a self-employed 
consultant in labor, employment, and personal prob- 
lems. She also volunteers as a special advocate for 
victims of child abuse. She and her husband, Andre, 
have a daughter. 

Ray Brown Duggins Jr. 75 is vice president of 
operations for the American Express Co. in Japan. He 
lives in Tokyo. 

Karen English 75 is a doctoral student at UNC- 
Chapel Hill. She and her husband, John Frederick 
Engell, live in Davidson, NC, and have a son. 

David P. Graves 75 lives in Santiago, Spain, 
where he is a technical service consultant for Weyer- 
haeuser Co. in Europe. His wife, Heidi, a Fulbright 
scholar, is conducting doctoral fieldwork in Spain's 
Galicia region. 

Gary G. Lynch J.D. 75 was named director of the 
Securities and Exchange Commission's Division of 

Warren Levinson 75 is New York correspondent 
for Associated Press Radio. His wife, Debbie, is New 
York business correspondent for Voice of America. 
They live in Brooklyn. 

Laura M. Waggoner 75 was named vice presi- 
dent and trust officer by the South Carolina National 
Bank board of directors. She is president of the 
Charleston, S.C., Estate Planning Council, on the 
board of the Lowcountry Council of the Girl Scouts, 
on the steering committee of the YWCA's Tribute to 
Women and Industry program, a member of Duke's 
Estate Planning Council, and a past chair of the 
National Association of Bank Women's lowcountry 

Kenneth E. Bauzon A.M. 76, Ph.D. '81 is the 
author of Islam in the Philippines: The Case of the 
Bangsa Moro, published in London by Routledge and 
Kegan Paul International in cooperation with the 
Duke's Islamic and Arabian Development Studies pro- 
gram. He has been appointed visiting assistant pro- 
fessor of government and law at Lafayette College, 
Easton, Penn., for the 1985-86 academic year. He was 
a co-organizer and program developer of The Philip- 
pine Center for Immigrant Rights. 

Georgann EubankS 76, a self-employed writer 
and graphic designer, received one of six fellowships 
awarded to artists around the state by the NC. Arts 
Council. She lives in Durham. 

Edith Roper Horrell 76 is a staff geologist for 
Amoco Production Co. working exploration in south- 
east New Mexico. She, her husband, Tom, and their 
daughter live in Houston, Texas. 

M. Kronenberg 76 completed the 
MBA-Finance program at DePaul University in 
Chicago. He is an accounting instructor at Loyola 
University in Chicago for the 1985-86 academic year. 

Charlene Connolly Quinn B.S.N. 76 was 

named 1985 Distinguished Alumna by the Duke 
School of Nursing. She is an instructor of graduate 
nursing and director of the gerontology training pro- 
gram at the University of Maryland's nursing school. 

76 ( 

npleted a residency 





in orthopaedic surgery in Atlanta and has joined a 
private practice partnership in Jacksonville, Fla. He 
and his wife, Marjorie, have one son. 

Walter Biddle Saul II 76 is a composer and a 
professor of music at Pfeiffer College, Misenheimer, 
N.C. He is a member of the N.C. Composers Alliance. 

Gerald E. Young M.S.M. 76 was promoted to 
senior programmer with IBM in the Research Triangle 
Park. He is a programming consultant in litigation 
involving ACF/NCP. 

I C. Yung 76 received his D.D.S. degree 
from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1980 and has established a 
dental practice in Columbia, S.C. 

Ellen Humphries Charlock 77 is an intern in 

primary care medicine at Cambridge Hospital in 
Boston, Mass. Her husband, Lee, is in the master's 
program at Harvard's J. F. Kennedy School of 

Michele Chulick B.S.N. 77 is a manager in the 
management consulting department of the Detroit, 
Mich., office of Peat Marwick, an international pub- 
lic accounting firm. 

Bradley Livingston Conway 77 is a vice presi- 
dent of the Carmen Corp., a New York City invest- 
ment management company. 

Harold I. Frellich J.D. 77 has started the law firm 
Goldberg & Freilich with Richard T Goldberg in 
Washington, DC. 

Ron Glickman 77 was elected to the Hillsborough 
County Commission in Tampa, Fla. 

B.S.N. 77 and her 
husband, David, graduated from Duke's Executive 
M.B.A. Program in August. 

Charles W. Lallier 77, who completed a pedia- 
trics residency in 1984 at N.C. Baptist Hospital in 
Winston-Salem, has joined Hillandale Pediatrics in 
Durham. His wife, Rebecca Ragsdale Lallier 

77, is a graduate student in history at UNC-Chapel 
Hill. They live in Durham and have one son. 

Margaret E. MetZ 77 was promoted to mid- 
western regional manager for the college division of 
Random House/Alfred A. Knopf Publishers. She lives 
in Memphis, Tenn., with her husband, Billy Stegall. 

Edwin Curry Pound III 77 is a surgery resident 
in Memphis, Tenn. He and his wife, Laura, have one 

Janis Jordan Rehlaender BSE. 77 is director 
of strategy development for Baxter Travenol, Inc. She 
and her husband, Jim, have one son and live in Lake 
Bluff, 111. 

M. Rubenstein 77 is a dermatology 
resident at Northwestern University. He and his wife, 
Diane, live in Chicago. 

Stewart F. Stowers B.S.E. 77 is training in 
orthopaedic surgery at the University of Virginia. He 
and his wife, Lockhart, have one daughter and live in 

Mary Jane Zellinger B.S.N. 77 was the chief 
operating nurse and only female member of the 
operating team for Emory University's first human 
heart transplant in May 1985. She also recently 
completed her master's of science in medical surgical 

Harry W. Crumling M.Ed. 78 recently completed 
the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College 
Regular Course at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. He serves 
at the Pentagon with the U.S. Army Inspector Gen- 
eral Agency. 

Kitty Gray Deering B.S.N. 78 is an 
psychiatric nursing at Northeastern University 

Boston, Mass. She also has a private practice in 

i M. Edelman 78 will receive her M.B.A. 
in May from the Babcock Graduate School of Man- 
agement at Wake Forest University. 

Peter Griffith 78 is working on his Ph.D. in 
ecology at the University of Georgia at Athens. His 
wife, Esther FleiSChmann 78, is working on her 
Ph.D. in zoology. 

78 and his wife, Dana, both 
received their master's degrees in theology from 
Southern Methodist University's Perkins School of 
Theology last May. He is now pastor of the Bethesda 
United Methodist Church in Asheville, N.C, where 
he and Dana live with their son. 

Stefan Pugh 78 is assistant professor and director 
of undergraduate studies in Duke's department of 
slavic languages and literature. 

Donald G. Stephenson 78 is the regional mar- 
keting manager for BMW of North America in 
Washington, DC. He lives in Herndon, Va., with his 
wife, Susan Melanie Randall. 

John H. Wygel 78 is a financial consultant with 
MONY Financial Services in Stamford, Conn. His 
wife, Deborah A. Morelli '81, is a news anchor 
with WGCH in Greenwich, Conn. They live in Fair- 
field County. 

Arthur C. Zeldman J.D. 78 was elected general 
counsel to the N.C. Republican Party at the state con- 
July. He and his wife, Lynn C. 
latt Zeldman 77, live in Raleigh with 
their two daughters. 

L. Daniels 79 is an associate attorney 
with the Boca Raton, Fla., law firm Cohen, Scherer 
&. Cohn. His wife, Alys, is also an attorney. 

James H. Edwards III 79 is a college division 
representative for Prentice-Hall, Inc. He and his wife, 
Treacy, live in Kenmore, N.Y., with their son. 

Margaret Kirkwood Gilmore 79, who was a 

nurse in the intensive care unit at Egleston Children's 
Hospital in Atlanta, began an M.B.A./M.H.A. health 
administration program last fall at Georgia State Uni- 
versity. She lives in Decatur, Ga. 

M.H.A. 79 represented Duke in 
October at the inauguration of the president of 
Pepperdine University. 

Jean E. Hutchinson 79 received a Ph.D. in 
psychology from Stanford University in August 1984. 
She is completing a postdoctoral fellowship, which 
concentrates on cognitive development and mental 
retardation, at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, 

8 Kenyon 79 is workingx>n her 
doctorate in immunology at the Medical College of 
Virginia in Richmond, where she lives with her hus- 
band, Paul Jeffrey Mauriello. 

Elizabeth Kirk Leffel M.B.A. 79 is a consultant 

for Hewitt Associates, employee benefits and com- 
pensation consultants, in Lincolnshire, 111. 

M.B.A. 79 is a product 
manager of sauces for Heinz U.S.A. 

Gregory Vaughan Palmer M.Div. 79 was 
appointed as the organizing pastor of James S. Thomas 
United Methodist Church in Canton, Ohio. In June, 
he was elected to the board of trustees of Ohio 
Weslyan University in Delaware, Ohio. 

Gray Clyde Plunkett 79 received his M.Div. in 

June from Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry in 
Ambridge, Penn. He is pursuing a master's in linguis- 
tics at the Summer Institute of Linguistics at the Uni- 
versity of North Dakota and works in Atlanta, Ga. 

Bd A.M. '79 is a staff attor- 
ney at the N.C. Court of Appeals. She and her hus- 
band, Daniel, live in Raleigh. 

John J. Reed '79 graduated from Georgetown 
Medical School and is an emergency medicine resi- 
dent at the University of Pittsburgh. 

Juliann Tenney J.D. '79 was named executive 
director of the N.C. Technological Development 
Authority, which supports the growth and develop- 
ment of small businesses in North Carolina. Her 
husband, William A. Reppy Jr., is a law professor at 

Ed Turlington '79 is executive director of the N.C. 
Democratic Party. 

Robert L. Van Busklrk M.Div. 79 is the author 
of Tailwind, a Vietnam-based autobiography that fol- 
lows the author through his attendance at Duke. He is 
a retired captain of the U.S. Army special forces and 
flies a restored World War II German fighter plane. 
Active with the International Prison Ministry and the 
George Phillips Evangelistic Society, he speaks at pri- 
sons, schools, and churches. He and his wife live in 
Vero Beach, Fla., with their four daughters. 

MARRIAGES: Susan E. Tifft '73 to Alex S. Jones 
on Sept. 21. Residence: New York City. .Sheila 
Ann Bernard 74 to Richard I. Kopelman 
M.D. 74 on Oct. 13, 1984... William Clarence 

Bost 74 to Anna Dell Smith Darigo on June 23... 
James Reuben Blackburn Nashold 74 to 

Elizabeth Meihack Mansell in August... Laurie 
Stauffer 74 to Mark Wagner on July 14, 1984. 
Residence: Atlanta... Barbara Ann Hlx 75 to 
Eric Richard Teagarden 75 in June. Residence: 
Durham... Warren Levinson 75 to Debbie Galant 
on Sept. 1. Residence: Brooklyn, N.Y. 
Smith Burrus Jr. B.S.E. 76 to Karen Elaine 
Bowman in Duke Chapel. Residence: Raleigh... 

77 to Barnnard 
Ephran Hasty II on Nov. 30. ..Bradley Livingston 
Conway 77 to Nichol du Pont on Aug. 3... 
Marsha Ann Davis 77 to James C. Hearn 

Jr. '68 on Aug. 6. Residence: Minneapolis... 
Margaret MetZ 77 to Billy Stegall on July 6. Resi- 
dence: Memphis, Tenn. . . . John Burke Wright 
MAT. 77 to Sylvia Morison Lacey on July 13... 
Margaret Harding Adams 78 to Scott Linn 
Hunter on April 27... Elizabeth Cutler 78 to 
Thomas Kreutz 79 on Sept. 16, 1984. Residence: 

Princeton, N.J Peter Griffith 78 to Esther 

Fleischmann 78 on March 23. Residence: 
Athens, Ga. . . . Bucky Henry 78 to Deborah 
McCauley 78 on Oct. 26. Residence: Charlottes- 
ville, Va Hancy Ann Loftus 78 to Daniel 

Joseph Devine on May 25 in Zinquinchor, Senegal... 
David W. Salisbury 78 to Elizabeth 
Wannamaker 79 on Sept. 1, 1984. Residence: 
Cleveland, Ohio... Donald G. Stephenson 78 to 
Susan Melanie Randall on Sept. 28. Residence: 

Hemdon, Va John H. Wygel 78 to 

Deborah A. Morelll '81 on Dec. 28. Residence: 

Fairfield County, Conn Wendy Wintage 

Avery 79 to Scott Reed Smith on June 9.. .Mary 
Jo Beam 79 to Gray McCalley Jr. J.D. 79 on 
May 4. Residence: London... William Walter 
Browning 79 to Pamela Sue Blanton on Sept. 21... 
Robert Steven Coats B.S.M.E. 79 to Jean 
Catherine Gladden in May. Residence: Durham... 
James H. Edwards III 79 to R. Treacy 
O'Hanlan. Residence: Kenmore, N.Y. . . . Norma 
Sue Kenyon 79 to Paul Jeffrey Mauriello on Aug. 
3. Residence: Richmond, Va. . . . Elizabeth Jane 
Kirk M.B.A. 79 to Philip Clatk Leffel on July 27... 
Maria Jennie Mangano A.M. 79 to Daniel 
Forrest Read on July 27. Residence: Raleigh... Julie 
Beth Meister 79, J.D. '84 to Robert Pinke on June 
19. Residence: Houston. ..Elizabeth Scott Pryor 
79 to Ethan Whitcomb Johnson on May 25. 

BIRTHS: First child and daughter to Taffy 
Cannon 70, MAT 71 and William C. 

Kamenjarln 70 on Feb. 22, 1984. Named Melissa 
Cannon Kamenjarin...A daughter, adopted by 
W. Scrivner 70, MAT 72 and 

Scrlvner B.S.N. 72, on Dec. 
14, 1984, in Inchon, Korea. Named Allison Jane... 
First child and son to David P. Badger 71 and 
Sherry T Badger on June 30. Named Jeffrey Ross... 
Second child, first son to Linda T. Harris 71 and 
Jonathan Ross on May 9. Named Michael David 
Ross... First child and daughter to Lawrence E. 
McCrone 71 and Britta K. Bergman on March 5. 
Named Laura McCrone.. A son to William A. 
Porter 71 and Annette Porter on June 13. Named 
Hafford Cox Porter III. ..First child and daughter to 

Jane Louise Sprol Hurley 72 and Charles 

William Hurley on May 1. Named Jill Sprol Hurley... 
Second daughter to Mary Bergson Newman 
72 and G. Edwin Newman '69, M.D. 73 on Oct. 
24. Named Kathryn Ashley... First child and son to 
Arthur G. Holder 73 and Sarah Henry Holder on 
Aug. 22. Named Charles Glenn Noble ...A daughter 
to Susan Walker Wood 73 and R. Andrew 
Wood on June 18, 1984. Named Amelia Elizabeth... 
A son to Warren Jay DeVecchio 74 and Lucy 
Gilman DeVecchio 74, delivered by Bonnie 
Reyle Burchell 74, on July 5. Named David 
Roy.. Third child, second daughter to Eric Ensor 
74, M.B.A. 77 and Pamela S. Ensor B.S.N. 74 
on May 29. Named Kathryn Morgan .. .First child and 
son to Al Harrison 74 on May 29. Named Avery 
Thomas.. Twins to Alfred Owen Peeler 74, 
M.Div. 77 and Mary W Peeler on May 7. Named 
Michael David and Andrew Thomas.. A son to 
Doren Madey Pinnell 74, M.Ed. 75, Ph.D. 79 
and Sheldon R. Pinnell M.D. '59 on Nov. 6. 
Named Tyson Richard. ..First son to Mary Jane 
74 and Bill Friend on June 8. 





Session I: June 16-27 
Session II: June 30-July 11 
A camp for young people ages 10-16 

During the 10-day workshop, you will 
be able to learn from practicing writers 
and will receive guidance to further 
develop your own writing style. Groups 
will be divided by age and interest and 
will utilize informal indoor meeting 
rooms and the Duke grounds. Faculty 
are themselves authors and have experi- 
ence working with children and young 
adults. Campers may stay on campus or 
commute. For a complete description 
phone 919-684-6259 or just send the 
attached coupon NOW. 

The Bishop's House 
Duke University/Durham, NC 27708 


The heart of this operation 
is 80 years old . . . 

The Chronicle 

Subscribe to The Chronicle's Monday edition and the 
weekly summer Chronicle for only $25, and keep the 
heart of this operation beating . . . 

YES, I'm interested in receiving every Monday's Chronicle and the weekly 
summer editions. I understand I will receive the newspaper via first-class mail. 
My check for $25 is enclosed. 


City State 

Please make check payable to The Chronicle. Questions or inquiries should be made to Alex 
Howson or Beth Branch at 919/684-3811. Mail to: Chronicle Subscriptions, Box 4696 Duke 
Station, Durham, NC 27706. 

Named David Harry Friend... First child and daughter 

to Laurie Stauffer Wagner 74 and Mark 

Wagner on June 2. Named Lily.. .A daughter to 
Beverly Brown Brewster 75 and Andre 
Brewster on Oct. 6, 1984. Named Elizabeth 
Anne.. .Second child, first son to Daryl C Emery 
75 and Joy B. Emery B.S.N. 77 on Oct. 20, 1984. 
Named Matthew Ryan...A son to Karen English 
75 and John Frederick Engell on Jan. 9. Named 
Frederick English Engell... First child and son to 
Thomas D. Moore Jr. 75 and Janet S. Moore on 
May 29. Named Martin Daniel. ..Second child and 
son to Susan Brotherson Chappell 76 and 
Robert Chappell on June 21. Named Adam 
Christopher... First child and daughter to Kathleen 
Forrest Harris 76 and Richard C. Harris on April 
1. Named Patricia Wood. ..First child and daughter to 
Edith Roper Horrell 76 and Tom Horrell on July 
18. Named Diane Christine... Second child, first 
daughter to Jeffrey H. Potter 76, J.D 79 and 
Barbara Davidson Potter 77 on Aug. 1. 

Named Christine Elizabeth. ..A son to Nancy 
Hanse Feldman 77 and Joel Feldman on May 26. 
Named Stanley Hanse... First child and son to 
77, M.D. '81 and Cindy 

M.S. '80 on June 20. 
Named David Isaac. .First child and son to 
Rebecca Ragsdale Lallier 77 and Charles 
W. Lallier 77 on March 22. Named Andrew 
Ragsdale... First child and son to Edwin Curry 
Pound III 77 and Laura Pound on Aug. 28. Named 
Edwin Curry Pound IV.. .First child and son to Janis 
Jordan Rehlaender B.S.E. 77 and Jim 
Rehlaender on Sept. 29, 1984. Named James Edmond 
"Tripp" Rehlaender III. ..First child and son to Karen 
Morgan Rohrer 77 and Jim Rohrer on Aug. 8. 
Named Joseph William... First child and daughter to 
Stewart F. Stowers B.S.E. 77 and Lockhart 
Stowers on May 5. Named Louisa Lockhart. ..Second 
daughter to Lynn C. Baumblatt Zeldman 77 
and Arthur C. Zeldman J.D. 78 on June 4. 
Named Mindy Rose.. A daughter to Emily Busse 
Bragg 78 and Steven Bragg on Oct. 22, 1984. 
Named Jennifer Emily... First child and son to W. 
David Holden 78 and Dana Holden on Sept. 7. 
Named William John. ..First child and son to 
James H. Edwards III 79 and R. Treacy 
Edwards on Aug. 15. Named James H. Edwards 
IV... Second daughter to Karen Odenwaldt 
B.S.N. 79 and Paul Dombrower on June 1. Named 
Amy Lauren. ..First child and daughter to Nancy 
Graves Osborne 79 and Brian K. Osborne on 
Nov. 9, 1984. Named Anne Virginia. 


Joseph W. Adamczyk M.Ed. '80, a major in the 
U.S. Army, completed the U.S. Army Command and 
General Staff College Regular Course at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kan. The course produces graduates com- 
petent in military problem solving. 

is a commercial loan officer at 
Shawmut Bank in Boston, Mass., where she lives with 
her husband, Michael Jennings. 

Wells Beckett Jr. '80 began his resi- 
dency in radiology at Emory University Medical 
Center in July. He and his wife, Susan, have a son. 
Mark Steven Calvert '80, J.D. '83 is an attorney 
in Washington, DC. His wife, Rosemary 
Antonucci Calvert '81, A.M. '83, is a free-lance 
scientific illustrator for the Smithsonian Institution. 
They live in Bethesda, Md., with their son. 

Paula Hannaway Crown '80 is working in real 
estate development with Henry Crown &. Co. in 
Chicago, 111., where she lives with her husband, 

Glen A. Duncan '80 left his position as a geologist 
for Amoco Production Co. in New Orleans, spent 
three months in Zimbabwe with Baptist Relief Minis- 
tries, and is now a graduate student in journalism at 
the University of Georgia. 

Dudley E. Flood Ed.D '80 is the associate super- 
intendent of the N.C. Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. He has been recognized for civic service by more 
than 50 organizations. He lives in Raleigh with his 
wife, Barbara. 

Jay Anthony Gervasi '80 is in his third year at 
Vanderbilt University's law school. His wife, Anne 
Luck Gervasi '80, is an administrative assistant in 
Vanderbilt's news and public affairs office. 

Amy Coley Gregory '80 graduated cum laude 
from Vermont Law School in 1984 and was admitted 
to the Maryland and Vermont bars. She is an associ- 
ate attorney with Paradis, Coombs & Fitzpatrick in 
Essex Junction, Vt., and a deputy state's attorney with 
the Grand Isle County State Attorney's Office in 
North Hero, Vt. 

James T. Lee '80 is attending law school at 
Campbell University in Buies Creek, N.C. 

Thomas W. McGraw '80, M.H.A. '83 is a 
management consultant for Arthur Young and Co. in 
Atlanta. He also passed the C.P.A. examination. 
Carlette McMullan '80 is working on her 
M.B.A. at the University of Chicago's graduate school 
of business. 

Steven P. Natko '80, J.D. '84 was admitted to the 
New York bar and is an associate with the law firm 
Hawkins, Delafield &. Wood. He lives in Brooklyn 
Heights, NY. 

'80 received his Ph.D. degree in 
theoretical physics from the University of Wisconsin- 
Madison in August. He is now a postdoctoral research 

fellow at the Illinois Institute of Technology in 

Patricia DeSlpIo Pyke B.S.E. '80 is pursuing her 
master's in journalism at the University of California- 
Berkeley and working as a free-lance engineering 
journalist. She and her husband, Neil, a Hewlett 
Packard engineer, live in Fremont, Calif. 

is an associate 
in the sales and trading department at Salomon 
Brothers in New York City, where she lives with her 
husband, William. 

Andy Slegel '80 received his master's degree in bio- 
medical engineering from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1984. 
He is a data systems analyst for Pfizer Pharmaceutical's 
clinical research division in Groton, Conn. He lives 
in New Haven, Conn. 

Michael K. Silberman '80, M.D. '84 completed 
the U.S. Air Force military indoctrination for medical 
service officers at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas. 

Stephanie Smith-Phillips M.D. '80 completed 
a residency program in dermatology at the Medical 
University of South Carolina and will practice 
dermatology in Mt. Pleasant, S.C 

Andrew Michael Tershakovec '80 is a 

pediatrics resident at Babies Hospital at the 
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York. 

Amy E. Weber '80 received her M.B.A. from 
Columbia University in May. She is a corporate 
finance associate for the investment banking firm 
Morgan Stanley and Co. in New York City. 

Elionora van Tyen Wllking '80 received her 

master's in social work from New York University. 

Kathleen McConnell Williams '80 entered 

Harvard's Graduate School of Business Administra- 
tion last fall. 





Summer '86 

Give your child a truly 
worthwhile summer experience: 

a mixture of learning and fun 
that is an investment in the future. 


BASIC Pascal I Pascal II 

Advanced Placement 

Computer Techniques 

Introductions to UNIX 

"One student/one computer 

lab instruction 

Latest in IBM personal 


Experienced staff & 

innovative curriculum 

Over 2000 campers since 


All students live on the 

Duke campus 

Adult Information 
Available upon request 

Mail to: 

Duke University Summer Computer Program 

04 North Building /Durham, NC 27706/(919) 084-5645 

'80, a fashion writer and stylist, 
works for the Miami Herald. 

Martha Davis Abou-Donla Ph.D. '81 was 
promoted to clinical research scientist I in 
anesthesia/analgesia with Burroughs Wellcome Co. 
She lives in Chapel Hill, N.C. 

Kristin J. Andes '81 is working on her master's 
degree in intercultural administration at the School 
for International Training in Brattleboro, Vt. 

David R. Brandon '81 is the business services of- 
ficer for Branch Banking and Trust Co.'s new Durham 

Mary L. Cornish '81 is in her final year at Yale 
University's School of Organization and Manage- 
ment. She lives in New Haven, Conn. 

'81 is school chaplain at The 
Darlington School in Rome, Ga. 

Julia Borger Ferguson '81 is completing her 

M.B.A. at the Wharton School of Business, Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania. She had a summer internship 
with AT&T Communications. Her husband, 

Thomas Rltson Ferguson '81, after four years 

as a computer analyst in the Air Force at the Penta- 
gon, is a first-year business student at the Wharton 
School. They live in Devon, Penn. 

Edward L. Fleg '81 was promoted to first lieuten- 
ant in the U.S. Air Force. 

Mark Fuschettl '81 is a medical assistant to the 
director of orthopedic surgery at St. Vincent's Hospi- 
tal in New York City. He sings for the Brooklyn Opera 
Theatre and recently performed a solo in Carnegie 
Hall with the New York City Gay Men's Chorus. This 
spring he will begin working on his master's in hospi- 
tal administration at N.Y.U. 

Chris Galr '81 graduated from the University of 
Chicago's law school in June. He is a law clerk for the 
Hon. Seymour Simon on the Illinois Supreme Court. 
Chris and his wife, Jane Montgomery, live in Chicago. 

Kurt Kitzlger '81 graduated from Louisiana State 
University's medical school in New Orleans in July 
and has begun his internship and residency in ortho- 
pedic surgery at the University of Texas at San 

Barbara Ellen Krimsky '81 graduated in June 
from the Kellogg School of Management at North- 
western University. She is an associate with the 
management consulting firm McKinsey &. Co., Inc., 
in Chicago. 

Kendrlck Mills '81 received his M.D degree from 
Harvard University and is a resident in internal medi- 
cine at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. 

Deborah A. Morelll '81 is a news anchor with 
WGCH in Greenwich, Conn. Her husband, John 
H. Wygel 78, is a financial consultant with MONY 
Financial Services in Stamford, Conn. They live in 
Fairfield County, Conn. 

Thomas W. Walker Jr. '81 was promoted to 
captain in the U.S. Air Force. 
Karin S. Bannerot B.S.N. '82 graduated from the 
University of Pensylvania's nursing school, receiving 
an M.S.N, in the nursing of children. She is an educa- 
tion specialist in pediatrics at St. Christopher's 
Hospital for Children in Philadelphia. 

Sallie H. Barrlnger '82 received a Fulbright 
scholarship for postgraduate study in Belgium for the 
1985-86 academic year. She will study library automa- 
tion at the Royal Library Albert I in Brussels. 

Henry G. Brlnton '82 completed a year as the 
pastor-in-training at Sixth Presbyterian Church in 
Washington, D.C., and is completing his master's in 

divinity at Yale Divinity School. He lives in New 
Haven, Conn., with his wife, Nancy. 

Beth A. Davison '82, after two years as a chemist 
at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious 
Diseases in Bethesda, Md., is working on her master's 
in poultry science at the University of Maryland. She 
received a Ralston Purina Research Fellowship Award 
for the 1985-86 academic year. 

Katharine M. Hasler '82 was promoted by 
Merchant's National Bank &. Trust to assistant cashier 
in the national division of commercial banking. She 
is also enrolled in the M.B.A. program at Butler 

B.S.N. '82 is a first-year law 
student at the University of Virginia and lives in 

Art Huckabee '82 was promoted to lieutenant in 
the U.S. Navy. He is a pilot in Patrol Squadron 
Twenty-Four and lives in Jacksonville, Fla. 

Timothy Z. Keith Ph.D. '82 was promoted to 
tenured associate professor in the school psychology 
program at the University of Iowa. 

Joseph KoltlskO '82 completed his master's in 
linguistics at Georgetown University and is now 
teaching English at Tongji University in Shanghai, 

Elizabeth Knowles Krlmendahl '82 is a 

graduate student in educational psychology at New 
York University. 

Joseph Daniel Lynch '82 will receive his 
M.B.A. from Boston College in the spring and is pur- 
suing a career in real estate development. 

John William Mahan III '82 is a first-year 
medical student at the University of New Mexico's 
medical school in Albuquerque. 

Introducing the Duke Alumni Polo 

A 100% cotton polo 
shirt embroidered 
with the Duke 
Alumni logo. 
Like the infamous 
Polo shirt, the Duke 
polo too is made 
from an extremely 
comfortable 100% 
cotton interlock 
cloth, has a tradi- 
tional two button placket, 
ribbed cuffs on the sleeve, 
and a long tail in back. In 

place of the Polo Player how- 
ever, is the Duke Alumni 
logo. In this way we 
make a good thing 
even better. And so 
now it is possible to own 
one of these great shirts 
because of what is on it, 
not in spite of it. In white 
or Duke Blue, adult sizes 
M&W.SMLXL, only 
$24.95. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
These shirts are not available at 
the Duke University Bookstore. 

Mail to: 

Alumni Apparel, 1 Winthrop Court, Durham, North Carolina 27707. 

Please send me Duke Polos at $24.95 each + $2.00 per shirt shipping and 

handling. NC state residents— please add $1.00 per shirt sales tax. 

Name : 


Check □ Money Order □ 
Alumni Apparel can make shirts for any company, club or organization. 


Duke Blue 


would like to send you 

its free semiannual 
horticultural newsletter. 

Send your postcard 
request to: 



DURHAM, NC 27706 


ACES 11-17 




7:30 a.m. Rise 'n Shine 
8:00 a.m. Breakfast 
8:45 a.m. Instruction— Driving Range 
10:15 a.m. Coke Break 
10:50 a.m. Instruction 
12:00 p.m. Lunch & Rest 
1:15 p.m. Clinic 

145 p.m. Play Golf & Instruction 
4:00 p.m. Swimming 
5:15 p.m. Dinner 

6:00 p.m. Strategy Session, Golf, etc. 
9:00 p.m. Movies or Lecture 
11:00 p.m. Lights Out 

For applications, write to: Rod Myers, 

Golf Director, Duke University 

Golf Course, Durham, NC. 27706 


Scott McCartney '82 is the Dallas-based member 
of a new six-member regional reporting team created 
by the Associated Press. 

Laura A. Murdock '82 is taking a two-year leave 
of absence from Hewlett-Packard to pursue her 
M.B.A. at Harvard Business School. 

Lynne Porter B.S.N. '82 works at the Family 

Birthplace of Wesley Long Community Hospital in 
Greensboro, N.C. , as assistant patient care coordi- 
nator for the newborn and intensive care nurseries. 
She is also a graduate student at UNC-Greensboro's 
nursing school. 

Debra Milissa Sabatini BSE. '82 is a first-year 
law student at the University of Virginia. She and her 
husband, Michael Henry Armm, live in 

Karen Semper '82 is a research i 

Becton Dickinson Research Center in the Research 

Triangle Park. 

David Spencer Ward B.S.E. '82 is a computer 
software engineer at M/A Com Telecommunications 
Division in Germantown, Md., where he lives with 
his wife, Rebecca Gillette Ward B.S.N. '84. 

S. Weir M.D. '82, a recent graduate of the 
family practice residency program at UNC-Chapel 
Hill, received a Society of Teachers of Family Medi- 
cine Resident Teacher Award. 

B.SC.E. '83 is a project engi- 
neer for Burroughs Wellcome Co. She lives in 
Greenville, N.C, with her husband, Scott 
Strongin B.S.M.E. '84. 

Harvey Michael Chimoff '83 is a first-year 
M.B.A. student at Georgetown University and lives 
in Arlington, Va. 

Kurt Hughes Dunkle '83 is a second-year law 
student at the University of Florida College of Law, 
where he received academic honors last spring. Dur- 
ing the summer, he clerked for two law firms in St. 
Petersburg, Fla. 

Richard E. Faulkenberry '83 is in his third year 
of doctorate studies in mathematics. He teaches 
undergraduate math at the University of Maryland at 
College Park. 

Sherri Anne Goldstein '83 is an engineer with 
Southern Bell in Panama City, Fla. 

Peter D. Haase '83 is a writer/producer for DWJ 
Associates, in Ridgewood, N.J., a broadcast public 
relations firm that produces television and radio news 

Leslie Catherine Hayes '83 is a second-year 
law student at the University of the Pacific's 
McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento, Calif, 
where she is on the dean's honor roll. She has been 
working for the law firms of Terry Oppermann and 
Gilbert and Dwyer in Honolulu, Hawaii. 

David L. Hey man '83 received his M.B.A. in May 
from the University of Michigan, where he was a 
member of Beta Gamma Sigma, the national honor 
society for business students. He is an analyst in the 
beverage division of Procter & Gamble in Cincinnati. 

J.D. '83 is an associate with the San 
Diego law firm Higgs, Fletcher & Mack. He lives in 
Coronado, Calif, with his wife, Amy Sayre. 

Douglas Michael Katz '83 has taken a year off 
from medical school at the University of Buffalo to 
join the Professional Bowlers Circuit. He lives in 
Buffalo, N.Y., with his wife, Yolanda. 

Heil A. Levin '83 spent the summer driving a taxi 
in Austin, Texas, and is now in his first year at 
Harvard Medical School. 

Stuart Levin '83 is a second-year student at UNC- 
Chapel Hill's medical school. 

Laura McAllister-Maurice '83 is an account 

manager for the public relations firm E. Bruce 
Harrison Co., in Washington, DC, where she lives 
with her husband, Richard Maurice. 

D. Pendlyshok B.S.N. '83, a first lieuten- 
n the U.S. Army, is a nurse at Fort Dix, N.J. 

rie Rich '83 traveled to Nairobi, 
Kenya, in July to the United Nations Decade for 
Women Conference. She was an adviser to the confer- 
ence's U.S. delegation. She has been named to the 
board of directors of the GOP Women's Political 
Action League, created to assist in electing more 
Republican women to office. She is an administrative 
assistant to Maureen Reagan in Washington, D.C. 

Barbara E. Slaiby '83 has been serving with the 
U.S. Peace Corps in Nepal since September 1983 and 
will return to the States in January 1986. 

Anne Elizabeth Walters B.S.N. '83 was a staff 
nurse on the adolescent unit at Children's Heart 
Hospital in Philadelphia. She received a scholarship 
to the University of Pittsburgh's law school, where she 
started last fall. 

David M. Amaro '84 is an account supervisor in 
the industrial sales division of RJM Manufacturing, 
Inc., in Bensalem, Penn. 

Michael P. Bailey '84, an operations technician 
for Shearson Lehman/American Express Inc. , also per- 
forms with the New York Opera Center. He lives in 
Weehawken, N.J. 

Magda Baligh '84 will spend the next two years 
with the Peace Corps in Morocco teaching English as 
a second language. She lives in Rabat, Morocco. 

David Robert Blatt '84 is a second-year medical 
student at the University of Cincinnati College of 
Medicine. His wife, Melinda Kay Smith Blatt 

'84, is a first-year law student at the University of 
Cincinnati College of Law. 

Kathy Hensley '84 is a second-year law student at 
the University of the Pacific's McGeorge School of 
Law in Sacramento, Calif. 

Stephen J. Ketterer M.B.A. '84 is director of 
annual giving and alumni affairs at Duke's Fuqua 
School of Business. 

Michael Mark Leighton '84 is a second-year 
medical student at Rutgers University and lives in 
Piscataway, N.J. 

James P. McCollom Jr. '84, after a year working 
as a bill analyst for the secretary of the senate, Texas 
state legislature, has entered law school at the Uni- 
versity of Texas in Austin. 

Susan Murdock '84 is in her second" year at 
Columbia Law School in New York. During the sum- 
mer, she worked for a law firm in Chicago. 

Robert W. Partin '84, a second lieutenant in the 
U.S. Marine Corps, completed the 12-week Air 
Defense Control Officer Course at the Marine Corps 
Communications-Electronics School in Twenty-nine 
Palms, Calif. 

George J. Phillips '84, former special assistant to 
Sen. Albert Gore (RTenn.), was awarded the Univer- 
sity of Tennessee Law School's John W. Green Scho- 
larship. He lives in Knoxville, Term. 

John Pollins '84 teaches social studies in the 
Amity school system in Orange, Conn., and lives 
with his wife, Lynn Daggett Pollins Ph.D. '84, 
in Hartford, Conn. 

Heidi Anderson Robertson B.S.N. '84 is a staff 

nurse on a neurosurgery-orthopedic floor at 

LeBonheur Children's Medical Center in Memphis, 
Tenn. Her husband, Daniel P. Robertson B.M.E. 

'84, is a second-year medical student at the University 
of Tennessee. They are both active in their local 
alumni admissions advisory program. 

Brian Rockermann B.S.E.E. '84 is a develop- 
ment engineer with ITT Telecom in Raleigh. 

Robin Snowden M.S.N. '84 has established a pri- 
vate practice as a psychotherapist. She also provides 
psychotherapy to patients at Family and Community 
Services in Red Bank, N.J. 

Scott D. Strongin B.S.M.E. '84 is a production 
manager for Procter & Gamble. He lives in Green- 
ville, N.C., with his wife, Marianne Bennet 
B.S.C.E. '83. 

Rebecca Gillette Ward B.S.N. '84 is working in 

the orthopedic surgery department at the Washington 
Clinic, a private medical clinic in Washington, DC. 

She and her husband, David Spencer Ward 

B.S.E. '82, live in Germantown, Md. 

Karen A. Westervelt B.S.N. '84 lives in Durham 
and works at Duke Hospital. She became a NC. certi- 
fied emergency medical technician and a Red Cross 
CPR instructor this year. She is also the temporary 
special events coordinator for the Red Cross. 

Catherine Amdur '85 is a staff assistant for 
Maureen Reagan. She lives in Washington, DC. 

'85 accepted a fellowship and teach- 
ing assistantship at Southern Methodist University in 

Elizabeth Hewitt Curtis '85 is working on a 
master's in electrical engineering at Dartmouth 
College's Thayer School of Engineering. 

Glenn T. Edelstein '85 is working in Raleigh for 

Thomas D. Farrell '85 is a first-year student in the 
chemistry doctoral program at Pt inceton University. 
He lives in Princeton with his wife, Michelle Ann 

'85 is a first-year law student at Duke. 
He and his wife, Deborah, live in Raleigh. 

Celia "Deanie" Patrick '85 and her husband, 
Henry M. Quillian III B.S.E. '85, are both attend- 
ing the University of Georgia's law school in Athens, 

Kimberly Renee Shelton '85 received the 
highest academic award in microbiology for complet- 
ing a nine-week science honors enrichment program, 
the Summer Academic Advancement Program, spon- 
sored by the NC. Health Manpowet Development 
Program at UNC-Chapel Hill. 

MARRIAGES: Sara Aliber '80 to Michael 
Jennings in October '84. Residence: Boston. ..Jay 
Anthony Gervasi Jr. '80 and Anne Elizabeth 
Luck '80 on May 11. Residence: Nashville, Tenn... 
Paula Hannaway '80 to James S. Crown on July 
27. Residence: Chicago... Cordelia Marie 
Reardon '80 to William Laverack Jr. on Sept. 7. 
Residence: New York City.. .Rhonda Renee 
Stewart '80 to George Campbell Poor on May 18. 
Residence: Houston. ..Andrew Michael 
Terchakovec '80 to Christina Dzvenyslava Gill on 
Aug. 10 Elionora van Tyen Wilking '80 to 
John Walter Silbersack on May 30. ..Kathleen 
McConnell Williams '80 to John Sumner Ingalls 
on June 15 Jeffrey Charles Conklln '81 to 
Teri Kaye Changnon '82 on May 18. Residence: 
Evanston, 111. . . . Lawrence Tang Fong '81 to 
Maliz E. Finnegan on July 27. ..Hope Hughes 
Golembiewskl '81 to Gregory Robert O'Brian on 
May 17. Residence: Durham.. Douglas G. 
Heatherly '81 to Trudy B. Klock in June. Resi- 

dence: Durham. 
John H. Wygel '78 on Dec. 28. Residence: Fair- 
field County, Conn Mitchell Mumma '81 to 

Christine Cecchetti in July. Residence: Durham... 

Amy Maria Torlone B.S.N. '81 to Charles Allen 
Harris on Aug. 10 in Duke Chapel... Henry G. 
Brinton '82 to Nancy E. Freeborne on April 27. 
Residence: New Haven, Conn. . . . Scott Lance 
Cunningham M.D. '82 to Anne Elizabeth Callan 
on June 15. Residence: Durham. ..Angela Renate 
Huntley '82 to Anthony Levem Brown on May 24. 
Residence: Durham. ..Elizabeth Knowies 
Krimendahl '82 to Christopher Robin Wolf on 
May 18. ..Jane Isabelle Marsh '82 to Gregory 
Everett Laco '83 in July. Residence: Chapel 
Hill. Adams Bailey Hager '82 to Elizabeth 
Relfe Carr '85 in August. Residence: Los 
Angeles. ..Alison Ann Prater '82 to Robert 
Andrew August Jr. Ph.D. '84. Residence: Laurel, 
Md. . . . Debra Milissa Sabatini B.S.E. '82 to 
Michael Henry Armm on May 26. Residence: 
Charlottesville, Va. . . . Susan Woods 
Shepherd '82 to H. Curtis Ittner Jr. on April 13. 
Residence: St. Louis.. .David Spencer Ward 
B.S.E. '82 to Rebecca Ann Gillette B.S.N. '84 

on Aug. 4, 1984. Residence: Germantown, Md 

Kenneth Mark Weil B.S.M.E. '82 to Audrey 
Joyce York '82 on Aug. 17. Wayne Freeman 
WilbankS '82 to Elizabeth Ashlin Thomas on Nov. 
9 in Duke Chapel. ..Marianne Bennet B.S.C.E. 
'83 to Scott Strongin B.S.M.E. '84 on May 25. 
Residence: Greenville, N.C Jack Vedder 

Jr. '83 to Susan Jennifer Thomson '84 

June 23. Residence: Durham. ..Craig Burdeen 
A.M. '83 to Patricia Gay Saltzman in July. 
Residence: Durham. ..David L. Heyman '83 to 
Ellen Sussna on Dec. 28. Residence: Cincinnati... 
Paul Hilding J.D '83 to Amy Sayre. Residence: 
Coronado, Calif. . . . Laura Elizabeth 
McAllister '83 to Richard Maurice in May '85. 
Residence: Washington, DC. . . . Jan Angela 
Heal M.D. '83 to Joseph Michael Cools on April 6. 
Residence: Durham. ..David Trautman '83 to 
Joan Johnson Young '83 on May 11. Residence: 
Toledo.. .Diane Browning Allen B.H.S. '84 to 
James Stephenson Wilson Jr. on July 25. Residence: 

Bahama, N.C Heidi Anderson B.S.N. '84 to 

Daniel P. Robertson B.M.E. '84 in Duke Chapel 
on June 29. Residence: Memphis.. .David Randall 
Benn '84 to Cathy Diane Carney B.S.N. '84 on 
Aug. 17. Residence: Durham. ..David Robert 
Blatt '84 to Melinda Kay Smith '84 on June 16. 
Residence: Cincinnati. ..Ronald J. Galonsky Jr. 
'84 to Joyce Morrissette on July 28. Residence: 
Columbus, Ga. . . . Charles Brunton Kime '84 
to Linda Kay Mitchell '84 in May. Residence: 
New Britain, Conn. . . . Laura Marie Michael 
M.Div. '84 to Thomas Clayton Spangler in August. 

Residence: Graham, N.C Robin Kyle 

Paulson '84 to William Tarver Rountree III 
B.S.E.E. '84 in May in Duke Chapel. Residence: 
Atlanta... Susan Jennifer Thomson '84 to 
Jack Vedder Briner Jr. '83 on June 23. Resi- 
dence: Durham.. .Karen Diane Wells '84 to Peter 
Charles Verlander on July 19 in Duke Chapel. Resi- 
dence: Astoria, N.Y. . . . Ethel Chaff in 
Bollinger M.Div. '85 to Vincent Frank Simonetti 
in Duke Chapel. Residence: Durham. ..Elizabeth 
Relfe Carr 85 to Adams Bailey Hager 82 in 
August. Residence: Los Angeles.. .Kenneth 
Robert Draughon M.B.A. '85 to Donna Glynn 
Desern on Aug. 17 Thomas D. Farrell '85 to 
Michelle Ann Kostia on Aug. 17. Residence: Prince- 
ton, N.J. . . . Paul Harner '85 to Deborah Spector 
on June 23. Residence: Raleigh.. Lisa Ann Mika 
'85 to Richard Norbert Drake on May 17. Residence: 
Cleveland. ..Angel Renee Heal '85 to Michael 
Grant Cotton in June. Residence: Durham. ..Celia 
Dean Patrick 85 to Henry M. Quillian III 
B.S.E. '85 on June 22. Residence: Athens, Ga 

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The next best thing to being there is hearing Duke 
Basketball on the radio via a new worldwide telephone 
hookup. Dial 1-90O410-DUKE from anywhere In the 
world and and follow the Blue Devils by phone as they 
make their February stretch run for the ACC title 

' 15 N.C. STATE 7:30 


No matter where you are in the world, you can hear 
Blue Devil basketball by dialing this number. The 
alumni and athletics association havejoined hands to 
establish a phone service that enables Duke fans 
everywhere to hear Duke basketball LIVE on the Duke 
Sports Network. 

The 900 number will be activated 30 minutes prior 
to game time (Eastern Standard Time) and will include 
the coaches show, live play-by-play action, and the pre- 
game and post-game shows. 

Callers to the 900 number will be charged 50 cents 
for the first minute and 35 cents for each minute 
thereafter. For areas outside the US, Canada, Puerto 
Rico, and the Virgin Islands, international calling rates 
will be in effect. 

Hear the whole game or call in as often as you wish 
for updates. 

You must dial direct An operator cannot call for you, 
nor can you make a call from coin phones or hotel/ 
motel locations Callers using long distance companies 
other than AT&T must first dial an access code— 1-0288. 

Its easy to hook up your phone to a stereo or PA 
system so everyone can listen to the game Whether 
in your home or with a group of Duke fans, this Is a 
great way to follow the Blue Devils down the stretch. 



Passage of the Moors 
April 18-May 2, 1986 

Fly to Casablanca, Morocco, and transfer by motorcoach to 
Rabat for a three-night stay. Travel by train to Tangier for a 
two-night stay; shop and browse the famous Kasbah. From 
Morocco, board a ferry tor sailing through the Strait of 
Gibraltar to Spain: three nights in Seville; two nights in 
Granada; three nights in Madrid. Approximately $2,575 
from Atlanta. 

A Viking Adventure 
June 8-21, 1986 

Sail from Scandinavia to Russia and northern Europe 
aboard the deluxe cruise ship, Royal Viking Sea. Starting in 
Copenhagen, visit the fascinating cities of Stockholm and 
Helsinki. View the art treasures of the Hermitage in Lenin- 
grad. Experience a daylight transit of the Kiel Canal 
through lush farmlands en route to Hamburg and Amster- 
dam before returning to Copenhagen. Outside staterooms 
start at $2,834. 

Cotes du Rhone Passage 
June 30-July 13, 1986 

Fly to Paris for a three-day stay. Take the "supertrain" to Lyon 
to board M/S Arlena for a seven-day, six-night Rhone River 
cruise with stops in Trevoux, Vienne, Valence, Viviers, and 
Avignon. Coach to the Riviera for a three-night stay in 
Cannes. Approximately $2,895 from Atlanta. 

Costa Rica 
August 8-16, 1986 

Discover the culture, history, and natural beauty of exotic 
Costa Rica, culminating in an exciting white-water adven- 
ture. Spend a day in San Jose followed by a visit to the Cloud 
Forest of Monteverde. See Manuel Antonio National Park, 
swim in the Pacific Ocean, and explore rhe teeming coral 
reef. Approximately $1,395 from Miami. 

The Seas of Ulysses 
September 23-October 6, 1986 

Fly to Venice and board Royal Cruise Line's elegant Golden 
Odyssey. Spend two nights in Venice aboard ship, then sail 
to these fascinating ports-of-call: Dubrovnik, Kotor Fjord, 
the Greek isles of Corfu and Mykonos, ancient Ephesus and 
Istanbul in Turkey, Russia's Odessa and Yalta. Disembark in 
Athens. Staterooms begin at $3,213, airfare from Atlanta 

Fabled Rhineland Cruise 
October 6-14, 1986 

Explore the castles and historic villages of the Netherlands, 
Germany, and France on a leisurely cruise of the Rhine 
River during the season of wine harvest festivals. Approxi- 
mately $1,495. airfare from Atlanta included. 

N.C 27706, (919) 684-5114. 












/id lite M.B.A. '85 to Leigh Elizabeth 
Fullington on Sept. 14. Residence: Reston, Va. 

BIRTHS: A son to William Wells Beckett Jr. 

'80 and Susan Mitchell Beckett on Aug. 31. Named 
William Wells Beckett III. ..First child and son to 
Cindy Schlepphorst Fudman M.S. '80 and 
Edward Fudman 77, M.D. '81 on June 20. 
Named David Isaac. 


The Register has received notice of the following 
deaths. No further information was available. 

Rosa T. Clay tor '08 on March 21. 
Swain '16 on Jan. 31, 1984.. .Mary 
Kitchln '20 on March 9... James R. Gibson '30 
on July 19...H.L. Hester LL.B. '31 on Aug. 23 in 
Houston, Texas... Cleveland McConnell '31 on 
Jan 6, 1985, in San Diego, Calif. . . . Robert R. 
Enkema '33 on Feb. 15, 1985... Albert A. 
Parrlsh '33, M.D. '39 in June... Edwin W. Brown 
'37, M.D. '41 on July 21. ..Charles Victor Boyer 
M.Ed. 38 Fletcher Albert Freeman M.Ed 
'40 on April 26.. .Ruth Rainey Cottrell '44 on 
Feb. 11. ..Carl Sasser M.Ed. '4< Woodrow W. 
King M.F. '48 on Aug. 10. Marcus H. Goforth 
'55, M.F. '56 on Aug. 3.. .Frank M. Woolsey III 

L. 'Al" Ormond Jr. '24 on July 13 at the 
N.C. Lutheran Home in Hickory, N.C. The retired 
physician was a chest specialist. He was a fellow of the 
American College of Physicians and a member of 
Theta Kappa Psi. He organized and directed the 
Catawba County Tuberculosis Association and served 
as head of the district TB association for many years. 
He belonged to the American Medical Association, 
the N.C. Medical Society, the American Thoracic 
Society and the 50-Year Club of the N.C. Medical 
Society. He was also a past president of the Hickory 
Lions Club. At Trinity" College, he was a member of 
the quartet that first introduced the Alma Mater, 
then "Trinity, Thy Name We Sing." He is survived by 
his wife, Theresa Covington Ormond; two daughters, 
including Nancy Ormond Fulcher '56; two 
grandchildren, including Mark Fulcher '81; and 
several nieces and nephews. 

Cole '25 on Sept. 7 after a 
brief illness. The Durham native taught at Murphy 
School in Orange County and Glenn School in 
Durham and was a member of Duke Memorial United 
Methodist Chutch. She is survived by three sisters 
and a brother. 

Virginia Lee Dixon Phelps '28 in December 
1984. She belonged to Queen Street United 
Methodist Chutch, the Fidelis Sunday School Class, 
the United Methodist Women, Kinston Country 
Club, the Friday Afternoon Book Club, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, Magna Carta Dames, the 
Henry Lee Society, and the Marathon Roundtable. 
She was also a Pink Lady at Lenoir County Memorial 
Hospital and a treasurer of the Lenoir County 
Chapter of the Amercian Cancer Society. She is sur- 
vived by a daughter, a cousin, and two grandchildren. 

Guy Branson Jr. '29 in July in Duke Hospital. He 
had lived in Durham for the past 70 years. He was an 
accountant and paymaster with Liggett &. Myers 
Tobacco Co. for 46 years. He was a member of West- 
wood Baptist Church and the Fellowship Bible Class. 
He belonged to the Brightleaf Civitan Club and was 
named Civitan Man of the Year for 1961-62. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, Elma Wheeler Branson. 

Helen Joyce Clark McClure '29 on Aug. 17 in 
Asheville, N.C. She is survived by her husband, 
Walter Thomas McClure, and a niece. 

Loy Arthur Nash '29 in Duke Hospital in May. 
He taught school for several years in McDowell 
County, N.C. Before retiring, he managed the Duke 
Barber Shop. He was a member of the Watts Street 
Baptist Church and the Cheek Bible Class. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, Ruth McDonald Nash, a son, two 
sisters, and two grandsons. 

George Norman Ashley Sr. A.M. '31, B.Div. 
'32. He was ordained as a Baptist minister, and, during 
his ministry, he preached in as many as six churches at 
one time. He was president of Pineland College and 
Edwards Military Institute, both in Salemburg, N.C. 
He is survived by his wife, Alice Freeman Jones 
Ashley, two daughters, one son, one sister, and six 

George Wells Orr '33 on April 26. The retired 
president of Miles Laboratories spent his life in the 
pharmaceutical industry. He was a member of the 
board of directors of the National Pharmaceutical 
Manufacturing Association and served on many other 
national boards. In Naples, N.C, he was group vice 
president and director of The Conservancy, on the 
board of directors of the Voters League, and a member 
of the Collier County Republican Finance Commit- 
tee, the Royal Poinciana Golf Club, the Roaring Gap 
Club of N.C, and Trinity-By-The-Cove Episcopal 
Church. He is survived by his wife, E velyi 
Orr '35, one sister, one daughter, and four 

: A. Parrish '33, M.D. '39 in Fort Lauder- 
dale, Ha., in July, after a long illness. He was a veteran 
of World War II and practiced medicine in Fort 
Lauderdale from 1947 to 1981. He was a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Fort Lauderdale, 
where he was chairman of Christian education and an 
elder. He is survived by his wife, Marie McAdams 
Parrish, a son, a daughter, two brothers, a sister, and a 

Charles William Harrison A.M. '34 on June 
17. The retired Marine Corps colonel is survived by 
his wife, Cornelia, a son, a daughter, three grandsons, 
and a sister. 

Charles Fischer '38, J.D. '41 in August in 
Branford, Conn., after a long illness. He played foot- 
ball for Duke under Coach Wallace Wade and was 
named to the All-North Carolina team his freshman 
year. He was also captain of Duke's running squad and 
a shotput and discus thrower. From 1941 to 1953, he 
was a firearms instructor for the FBI, and during 
World War II investigated German and Japanese 
espionage for the FBI. After retiring from the FBI, he 
entered private law practice. He was an assistant city 
attorney for eight years, a city attorney for five years, 
and a municipal court judge for 1959-60. He served 
on the board of governors of the Conn. Bar Associa- 
tion and as chairman of the West Haven Charter 
Revision Commission. He is survived by his wife, 
Rhea O'Reilly Fischer, three sons, two daughters, a 
sister, a brother, and three grandchildren. 

Ben C. Thaxton '40 in Duke Hospital in July. The 
retired Central Carolina Bank vice president was a 
member of Trinity Avenue Presbyterian Church in 
Durham, where he sang in the choir for many years. 
He was a member of the Brightleaf Civitan Club, a 
past governor of the N.C. District EastCivitan Inter- 
national, and, at his death, treasurer of the Civitan 
district. He was a Mason, a member of the York Rite 
Bodies, and a member of Croasdaile Country Club. 
He is survived by his wife, Virginia Vickers Thaxton, 
three daughters, his mother, and three grandchildren. 

Elizabeth Wilkinson Tompkins B.S.N. '40 of 
a heart attack on Aug. 18. She is survived by her hus- 
band, Everett Tompkins. 

Robert E. Greenfield Jr. '42 on Aug. 2 of 
cancer, in Burlington, Mass. He was a research scien- 

tist and administrator at the National Cancer Insti- 
tute in Bethesda, Md., for over 20 years. He was a 
former member of the Cedar Lane Unitarian Church 
in Bethesda and was active in the Boy Scouts and the 
PT.A. He is survived by his wife, Mary Frances, a 
daughter, two sons, a brother, and two grandchildren. 

Betty Jackson Karb '45 on July 13 in Framing- 
ham, Mass., after a long illness. At Duke, she was a 
member of Phi Beta Kappa. She was a founder of the 
Plymouth Church Nursery and Kindergarten, 
organizer of the Charlotte Dunning School library, a 
member and past president of the Framingham Young 
Women's Club, and a trustee and diaconate at Ply- 
mouth Church. She was also a member of the board 
at the Vernon House, served on the board of directors 
of the Framingham chapter of the American Red 
Cross, and was chairman of the Volunteer Services 
Committee. She is survived by her husband, Richard 
D. Karb, her father, a brother, three sons, and five 

Robert James Cleary '47 on June 9 in La Jolla, 
Calif. The retired manager of the La Jolla branch of 
Security Pacific Bank was active in the Rotary Club 
and did volunteer work at Scripps Hospital. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, Dorothy, two daughters, and one 

Richard T. Woodfield B.S.C.E. 53 on Jan 1, 

1985, of a heart attack in Bethesda, Md. The project 
manager for the Gaithersburg-based Glen Construc- 
tion Co., he was also a member of the Bethesda 
Country Club and the Chevy Chase Presbyterian 
Church. He is survived by a daughter, two sons, his 
mother, two sisters, and a brother. 

Brojo Nath Bhattacharya Ph.D. '58 on Jan. 3, 

1983. He was the head of the Regional Sophisticated 
Instrumentation Centre at the Indian Institute of 
Technology in Bombay, India. 

Constance Head B.Div. '63, A.M. '67, Ph.D. '68 
in July, following a long illness. The professor of his- 
tory and religion at Western Carolina University was 
the author of several books, including A/iaj, which 
won first prize from the Southeastern Regional 
Writers Conference and from the North Carolina 
branches of the National League of American Pen 
Women. She was a member of Temple Beth Ha- 
Tephila in Asheville, N.C., a member and former 
treasurer of the WCU chapter of the American Asso- 
ciation of University Women, and a member of the 
Medieval Academy of America. She is survived by her 
mother, Ruby Mae Head. 

Jack Jensen B.S.M.E. '64 in Greensboro, N.C. 
He was a vice president of Merrill Lynch Pierce 
Fenner and Smith and a member of the Young Men's 
Bible Class. A member of the Chairman's Club, the 
Greensboro Rotary Club, and the Greensboro Jaycees, 
he was also president-elect of the Greensboro Duke 
Alumni Association. He is survived by his wife, 
Candy Ponton Jensen, two daughters, a stepdaughter, 
a stepson, his mother, and two brothers. 

Mary Frances Atwater Hartley M.Ed. 75 in 
August, aftet a brief illness, in Chapel Hill. She 
worked for Trexler Electronics and was a member of 
Antioch Baptist Church. She is survived by two sons, 
her parents, and two sisters. 

Alan James Reid '78 on Feb. 4, 1984, in Macon, 
Ga. At Duke, he was a member of Beta Phi Zeta 
fraternity. He earned his M.B.A. from Emory 

Laura Jean Grierson '83 on Sept. 7 from in- 
juries suffered in an automobile accident. She was 
studying for her master's degree at the University of 
Southern California. She was a member of the Duke 
Alumni Club, Phi Mu sorority, the science fraternity 
at USC, and an oceanographic association. Her sister, 
Jennifer, was also killed in the accident. She is sur- 

vived by her mother, her stepfather, a brother, a sister, 
and her maternal grandparents. She was affianced to 
Palmer Whisenant '82. 

Earl George Mueller 

Duke professor emeritus of art Earl George Mueller 
died Oct. 15 in Hendersonville, N.C, after a long ill- 
ness. He was 70. 

An art historian and artist, Mueller served for a 
time as chairman of the art department. He joined 
the art faculty in 1945, was promoted to full professor 
in 1968, and retired from Duke in 1979. He taught 
painting, printmaking, design, American art, contem- 
porary painting and sculpture, and Northern Euro- 
pean renaissance art. 

A native of Illinois, Mueller received his bachelor's 
degree in music from the Eastman School of Music in 
Rochester, NY. He was a George Eastman Scholar 
and a member of the Fellowship Group in Sculpture 
at Rochester's Memorial Art Gallery. Mueller earned 
a master of fine arts degree at the State University of 
Iowa in 1942 and his Ph.D. in art history at Iowa in 

Mueller's paintings and prints have been exhibited 
in one-man and other special shows at the Chicago 
Art Museum, the Weyhe Gallery in New York, the 
Phillips Gallery in Washington, DC, the San 
Francisco Museum, and other galleries. 

He is survived by a daughtet, a son, a brother, and 
five grandchildren. His wife, Julie Wildinson Mueller, 

a member of the music department faculty, died in 

William K. Stars 

Associate professor of art and former art museum 
director William K. Stars '48 died of a heart attack on 
Oct. 28. He was 64. 

Stars was director of the Duke University Art 
Museum from 1974 to 1982, a period of rapid growth 
in its collections. He remained active as a conservator 
and restorer at the museum. Stars was also listed in 
Who's Who in American Art, and his artwork was ex- 
tensively exhibited, sold, and published. In 1982, he 
was named a Fellow of the Duke Institute of the Arts. 

After graduating from Duke with a degree in philo- 
sophy, he received his master's degree in art history 
from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1951 and did graduate 
work in art education at New York University. He 
taught art at Durham High School from 1950 to 1956, 
and began teaching at Duke in 1953, moving to a 
permanent position in 1965. The next year he was 
honored as a Duke Outstanding Professor. He had also 
taught at Madison College and N.C. Central 

A native of Indiana, Stars served in the Navy ait 
corps during World War II. He held several patents 
and was a consultant to the Singer Co. and Craftool, 
Inc. He is survived by his wife, Martha Stars, a 
brother, and a sister. 



14K GOLD CHARM, DUKE 'D.' Superior quality, high- 
ly polished, Vz inch plus loop, ideal for bracelet or chain, 
gift boxed. $60 each, quantity discount available. Satis- 
faction guaranteed. Send check/mn. to DW. Tighe C86), 
8 Yorktowne Court, Princeton Junction, NJ 08550. 

DUKE: A PORTRAIT. More than 100 full-color photo- 
graphs capture the beauty and the spitit of the university 
campus. Large-format book, 128 pages, printed on heavy 
coated paper, with silver-embossed, library cloth binding. 
A true collector's edition. $30, plus $2 postage/handling. 
(N.C. orders add 4% sales tax.) Gothic Bookshop, Drawer 
LM, Duke Station, Durham, NC 27706. 



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Durham, North Carolina 27707 
(919) 493-3745 


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manual and Self-Hypnosis cassette by Dr. Robert Shipley, 
Director, Duke Quit Smoking Clinic. (See article Jan.- 
Feb. Duke Magazine.) Send $12.95: JB Press, P.O. Box 
4843-D, Duke Station, Durham, NC 27706. 

call me toll free if I can assist you in any way with the 
many brokerage services available through Paine 
Webber. I specialize in stocks, corporate bonds, Ginnie 
Mae and Municipal Bond funds, and IRA accounts. 
Outside Minnesota, call 1-800-328-4002. In Minne- 
sota, call 1-800-292-4128. Locally, our number is 
371-5144. Ron MacLeon '55, 3737 Multifoods Tower, 
Minneapolis, MN 55402. 

renters, consumers through Duke's Classifieds. For one- 
time insertion, $25 for the first 25 words, $.50 for each 
additional word. 10-word minimum. Telephone numbers 
count as one word, zip codes are free. DISPLAY RATES 
are $100 per column inch (2%x 1). DISCOUNT for 
multiple insertions is 10 percent. 

REQUIREMENTS: All copy must be printed or typed; 
no telephone orders are accepted. All ads must be pre- 
paid. Send check (payable to Duke University) to: Duke 
Classifieds, Duke Magazine, 614 Chapel Dr., Durham, 
NC 27706. 

DEADLINES: April 1 (May-June issue), June 1 (July- 
August), August 1 (September-October), October 1 
(November-December), December 1 (January-February), 
January 1 (March-April). Please include in which issue 
you would like your classified to appear. 




Reading the article about Duke Forest 
brought back many fond memories ["Off the 
Beaten Path," September-October]. I remem- 
ber so many things about my days at Duke as 
though it were yesterday. 

The article says that the forest was esta- 
blished in 1931. I came to Duke in the fall of 
1932. As an engineering student, I lived on 
the East Campus in Southgate (affectionately 
known to one and all as "The Shack"). In 
those days, there was no school of forestry, as 
there was no school of engineering, but there 
was a forestry department and an engineering 

The engineering department consisted of 
two run-down buildings, Asbury and Bivins, 
in the northwest corner of the East Campus. 
Along with the WPA, PWA, NRA, etc., the 
acronym administration came up with the 
NYA (National Youth Administration), an 
organization to create jobs for students. Con- 
sequently, when the engineering department 
decided to start an engineering library, I got 
the job as the first librarian. 

I was a C.E., as was Professor Bird, head of 
the engineering department. We took over a 
classroom on the second floor of Asbury, built 
shelves, and started soliciting donations. After 
I got all those little numbers on the spines in 
white ink, control of the library was turned 
over to Professor Wilbur Seeley, an E.E., and 
later dean of the school of engineering. Before 
long, politics reared its ugly head; and the 
library was manned by all E.E.'s and I was out. 

I don't remember exactly how I heard there 
was a job at forestry, but I wound up over there 
with a surveying job. In those days the forestry 
department was in the Biology Building. As 
the article says, the CCC cleared and built 
roads through the forest, but they had never 
been mapped. That was my job. I got my good 
buddy, Ted Kleban, to come over and apply for 
a job as my rodman. We spent many happy 
hours out there with a transit and chain. The 
only problem was that the NYA only allowed 
you to work forty hours per month at the 
munificent wage of 40 cents per hour. In bad 
weather, we would stay in the office and do the 

The sidebar to the main story speaks of 
Dean Jayne finding some old files, maps, and 
data. The chances are that I made a lot of 

those plot maps. I can remember being taken 
off the surveying job several times to work in 
the office drawing new plot maps for publica- 
tion. As the article says, each of those plot 
maps consisted of hundreds of little circles of 
varying diameters, all numbered and indexed 
as to type of tree and diameter. 

I think most of that happened during my 
sophomore year: We had no afternoon labs 
that year, so we had plenty of free time. 

Sidney L. Kauffman '36 
Folsom, Pennsylvania 



I am writing to you about the tasteless, full- 
page "ad" in Duke Magazine [September- 
October]. In this "ad," Dewar's purports to 
sell "true friendship" between the Earl of 
Kintore and Alistair Lilburn. To any edu- 
cated Scot or to any person who has any 
inkling about a country where 7 percent of 
the people own 84 percent of the land, the 
picture of friendship portrayed is insidiously 

Alistair Lilburn laughs because the class 
structure is set up that way; it is elitist and 
has nothing to do with "good friendship." If 
Alistair didn't laugh, he might find himself 
out of a job. 

Centuries of cap-doffing to the likes of the 
Earl of Kintore belies the false camaraderie 
in this "ad" and furthermore suggests that 
you are insensitive to the point of needing 
the advertising revenues. Please be more 
discriminating about what you allow to be 
"sold" in your otherwise excellent magazine. 

Alan Sturrock M.A.T. 74 
Brookline, Massachusetts 


It is bad enough that we have to endure 
advertising at all in Duke Magazine, but then 
for one of the ads to be a whisky ad is almost 
more than we should be able to tolerate. If I 
wanted to see an ad for booze, I would buy 
People or Time or some such pulp weekly. 

Gary P. Campanella 73, M.B.A. 76 
San Jose, California 



After reading Claudette Kayler's rather un- 
pleasant account of her trip to the Soviet 
Union [Forum, September-October '85], I feel 
it necessary to respond. 

My experience as a visitor to the Soviet 
Union in late fall 1984 was highly positive and 
truly fascinating. Some people travel to coun- 
tries unlike the United States expecting to 
find problems and hatred. I traveled to Mos- 
cow, Leningrad, and Armenia with an open 
mind and found warm, friendly, intelligent 
people in all three cities. 

As opposed to Mrs. Kayler's experiences, I 
was always treated well and given help each 
time I asked for it. Many cab and bus drivers 
would not let me pay because they were so 
happy to see an American visitor. In Lenin- 
grad, I became sick and received extra atten- 
tion and free room service from the hotel 
personnel. My film and camera were never 
touched, and I took pictures of every person, 
bridge, store, and event that I desired to. 

I walked all around Moscow unescorted. I 
shopped in Soviet stores with no negative 
repercussions. I doubt that Intourist "moni- 
tored" my footsteps— my excursions were not of 
a diplomatic or political nature! 

Unlike Mrs. Kayler, I was extremely im- 
pressed by the number of Soviets who did 
speak English— we in the United States should 
be so bilingual! The young people were the 
high point of my trip, as they were anxious to 
have the opportunity to speak to an American 
who was interested in them and their country. 

Like any country, including ours, the Soviet 
Union has good and bad points. However, my 
overwhelming perspective of this important 
country is a positive one. And certainly Mrs. 
Kayler cannot judge the entire Soviet Union 
based upon a six-day trip, part of which was 
spent in Estonia, a far western Baltic republic 
comparable in placement to the state of 
Washington in the United States. Its people 
and environment are somewhat European and 
less Soviet than many other republics. 

Mrs. Kayler should at least go to Moscow 
before promoting such a bleak picture of the 

Allison C. Bouchard '82 
Stamford, Connecticut 





Founded in 1905 as the publi- 
cation of Ttinity College's 
literary societies, it evolved 
into a weekly journal primari- 
ly of Duke's social scene, later 
a daily activist mouthpiece. 
Currently, it strives to avoid 
bias. Regardless of its ap- 
proach, the Chronicle is one of the most in- 
fluential voices and perhaps the most impor- 
tant news medium on campus. 

The latest guardian of that medium is Paul 
Gaffney, a senior from Mendham, New Jersey. 
In an election held by staff members last 
spring, Gaffney was selected to edit The 
Chronicle during the 1985-86 school year. 
He's responsible for an organization that 
produces a tabloid newspaper— averaging 
more than twenty pages— some 150 times a 

"The Chronicle is not the voice of the stu- 
dents, nor does it pretend to be," says Gaffney. 
"But it is an informed student voice, and 
that's important." 

Probably 10 percent of Duke students con- 
tribute to The Chronicle at least once during 
their undergraduate years, as writers, photo- 
graphers, editors, cartoonists, advertisers, or 
columnists. Many more members of the uni- 
versity community submit letters to the open 
editorial page, fostering a continuous dia- 
logue that is perhaps the paper's most impor- 
tant function. The core staff, including edi- 
tors of the various departments and their 
assistants, numbers some fifty volunteers. 
All are students, many of whom put in forty 
hours a week. Gaffney often works even 
longer hours, for which he is paid $100 a 

Growth has been explosive since 1980, 
when The Chronicle entered the computer 
age. Stories are now written, edited, and 
readied for typesetting on computer termi- 
nals, a process that greatly expedites produc- 
tion. State and national wire reports also are 
plugged into the computers, enabling many 
students to rely on The Chronicle as a primary 
link to the outside world. 

On the business side, the paper's budget 
has doubled since 1980, to an annual total of 
more than $500,000. Income from advertis- 
ing has accounted for nearly all of the in- 



Although its emphasis 

has shifted over time, 

The Chronicle 

remains one of the 

most influential voices 

on campus. 

r Gaffney: presiding over Duke's "journalism school" 

creases— The Chronicle's subsidy from student 
activities fees remains at about $100,000. 
The subsidy amounts to an annual subscrip- 

tion fee of less than $20 per student. 

During the past decade, changes in The 
Chronicle's editorial focus have been as 
dramatic as the paper's physical growth. 
Today's editors generally strive to limit politi- 
cal advocacy to the editorial pages. "For us, 
The Chronicle's primary purpose is to report 
the news— to tell the people what's going 
on," says Gaffney. "In the past, editors thought 
their primary purpose was to further a cause. 
I think The Chronicle has evolved into some- 
thing that stresses responsible journalism— 
probably at the cost of the interest of the 
readers. Take the eight zillion speeches we 
cover. The people who are interested in read- 
ing them are probably the people who went 
to the speech in the first place. But you've 
got to serve as a training ground. Last year, 
probably 200 people wrote for The Chronicle. 
Speeches, while they are often uninteresting 
stories, are a good place for them to start out." 

The initiation seems to pay off. This year, 
The Chronicle has been the first to report on 
a number of stories. One detailed allegations 
that the university gave preferred housing to 
freshmen from the wealthy Dallas-Fort Worth 
area. Another revealed that Lee Iacocca, 
chairman of the Chrysler Corporation, would 
be this year's graduation speaker. Other stories 
delved into the dismissals of a disgruntled 
philosophy professor and of the university's 
director of admissions. 

"We place a real priority on movements 
and decisions being made by the administra- 
tion," says co-editor for news Shannon 
Mullen. "But at the same time, we have to 
remember we're a student paper. The most 
dramatic thing could happen in Allen Build- 
ing, and although we'd treat it as big news, 
the average student doesn't really care. He 
still has to go to class. It doesn't change his 
life. So we try to give student activities a lot 
of attention as well. That's what people like 
to read. And there are a lot of interesting stu- 
dents here, doing interesting things." 

Editors today are not so naive as to think 
that no bias goes into the selection of stories 
for each day's paper. But they try to present 
balanced accounts within each story. The 
emphasis on fairness and responsibility is 
largely self-generated. No university admin- 
istrator or adviser watches over the publica- 


tion, which has taken to referring to itself as 
Duke's journalism school. In effect, it is. 

"Duke doesn't have a journalism school by 
choice, not by omission," says Gaffney. "They 
don't want to have one. Maybe they could 
offer a little journalism history, but as far as 
the technical aspect— it's much more fun to 
do it hands-on and have students running 
their own paper, while getting a background 
in something else besides journalism." 

That's basically the thinking of Duke 
administrators. "I don't think we need a 
journalism school," says William Green, vice 
president for university relations and former 
ombudsman for The Washington Post. "I think 
that would be a mistake." Green sees The 
Chronicle as a fundamental part of Duke's 
communications program, which also in- 
cludes student television and radio stations. 
His office coordinates a fellowship program 
that brings to Duke practicing journalists 
from The Post, The New York Times, and the 
Knight-Ridder chain, as well as from several 
foreign countries. Each semester, a senior 
journalist in residence teaches a course in 
the Institute of Policy Sciences and Public 
Affairs, and the various fellows take part in 
Green's own news-writing course. Green 
would like Duke to offer several additional 
journalism courses— another section of his 
seminar, an advanced news-writing course, 
and a general course on journalism history 
and law. 

Chronicle editors think additional news- 
writing courses may be superfluous. "The 
best way to teach students to write is to have 
them do a story and then have a good copy 
editor sit down with them and go through it 
two or three times," says Gaffney. The Chronicle 
develops its own copy editors as well. Some 
have experience as interns at professional 
papers, while others are culled from the ranks 
of top reporters and department editors. 

For much of its history, first as a weekly and 
later as a bi- and tri-weekly, The Chronicle 
routinely reported on the campus social 
scene. "I would define it as another step 
above what a high school paper is," says 
William J. Griffith '50, Duke's vice president 
for student affairs, remembering The Chroni- 
cle as it was during his years as a student and 
administrator in the 1950s. "It focused on 
social life, and reported who was pinning 
whom. The great breakthrough was when it 
became a daily. It's difficult to be issue- 
oriented when you're coming out once or 
twice a week." 

Still, The Chronicle stirred up its share of 
trouble. In 1959, editor Fred Andrews '60 was 
fired and the publication of the paper halted 
for four issues after it ran an editorial column 
that parodied the story of Christmas. That's 
still the only time the paper has ever fallen 
victim to overt administrative censorship, 
although during the turbulent Sixties and 
Seventies The Chronicle published more 

"This is a place where 

people come if they're 

interested in journalism, 

not to further any sort of 

cause," says editor Paul 


than a few controversial items. 

Jake Phelps, director of the University 
Union, has been working at Duke on and off 
since the early Sixties. "It was very interest- 
ing to watch it spread into the later Sixties, 
the way it became more of an activist paper 
and made no bones about being not just 
liberal but relatively radical," says Phelps. "A 
lot of people during that time got more po- 
litical education from reading The Chronicle 
than they did from their classes." 

The Chronicle began coming out three 
times a week in 1966, and went daily two 
years later. During that time, the editors 
began a trend that would last more than a 
decade. They weren't just journalists— they 
were advocates. They published front-page 
editorials against the Vietnam War. They 
took an active role in promoting the 1968 
four-day Vigil, in which more than 1,000 
people gathered on the main quad to protest, 
among other things, low wages paid to Duke 
workers and the assassination of Martin 
Luther King Jr. A black border framed the 
front page the day after Richard Nixon was 
elected to the presidency. In one of their 
most infamous moments, the editors pub- 
lished a headline that read "What? Missed 
Again?" over a story about a second assassina- 
tion attempt on President Gerald Ford. 

"I thought it was a thoroughly interesting 
period," says Phelps. "But even advocating 
advocacy journalism as I do, I have to admit 
that when the paper got less political, it got 
more professional." 

That's not necessarily an improvement, 
says Dave Birkhead '69, who edited the paper 
in 1965-66. "I think it's unfortunate that The 
Chronicle has become a junior-league train- 
ing ground for the commercial press," says 
Birkhead, who lives in Durham and is asso- 
ciated with the North Carolina Independent, a 
bi-weekly "alternative" newspaper. "College 
is one of the last times that you have the free- 
dom to try out lots of new things. From what 
I've seen of The Chronicle [today], it could be 
a small-town newspaper in any town. They're 
not challenging or even examining the ideas 
abroad in the society. 

"It's not that they're particularly loutish. 

But the paper has become perceived as an 
exercise for college journalists. It's a pre- 
professional club. I wonder if the pressures of 
putting out a daily paper don't contribute to 
some extent to that orientation. With a little 
more leisure time, there might be more time 
to relax, reflect, and raise hell." 

Today's editors say thanks, but no thanks. 
"This is a place people come if they're inter- 
ested in journalism, not to further any sort of 
cause," says Gaffney. "Back then, as far as I 
can tell, everyone up here was a liberal. If you 
were a conservative, you probably didn't 
want to come up here and spend forty hours 
a week with a bunch of people who were so 
adamantly opposed to you ideologically." 

There's still plenty of ideology to be found 
in The Chronicle. Almost every letter or 
column received is printed on the editorial 
pages, which appear each day at the center 
of the paper. And the editorial board— con- 
sisting primarily of elected Chronicle depart- 
ment heads and their assistants— votes by 
majority rule on the subjects for each day's 
editorials. The board narrowly endorsed 
Ronald Reagan for president last year, a move 
that made many old-line Chronicle types 
cringe. But Gaffney is quick to counter the 
notion that the paper's editorials are a pro- 
duct of the current conservative revival. "On 
our editorial page, I suppose I'd characterize 
The Chronicle as moderate to liberal. We've 
had a number of anti-Reagan editorials this 
year, and I've probably voted for all of them." 

Gaffney also points out that the editors 
don't see themselves as national political 
commentators. "Our focus is much more 
campus-oriented. We only go to national 
issues if we can't find anything to write about 
on campus." 

So the motivation's not political. Nor is it 
financial. Then why do people spend so 
much time working for The Chronicle! The 
paper does have an excellent placement 
record. Ten staff members were hired as in- 
terns at daily newspapers last summer, and 
each year several Chronicle graduates become 
professional journalists. Such diverse publica- 
tions as The Wall Street Journal, the San Diego 
Union, and Rolling Stone have hired— and 
promoted to positions of influence— alumni 
of The Chronicle. 

But according to news co-editor Mullen, 
interest is waning in journalism as a career. 
So why the commitment? "For me, it's partially 
ego, I have to admit. The paper comes out 
every day and I like to be a part of it. It's a 
pretty popular thing on campus. In terms of 
extracurricular activities, it's about as visible 
as you can get. Not that your name is always 
there, but the product is. The student gov- 
ernment is not as visible. About the only 
thing that compares is a sports team." 

The Chronicle itself is a team, with the vari- 
ous departments coming together one way or 
another during a production day that gener- 

ally lasts from 3 p.m. to 3 a.m. The depart- 
ments—each with its own hierarchy of editors 
and assistants— include sports, photography, 
news, features, entertainment, and the edi- 
torial page. The Chronicle also publishes three 
inserts, "Sportswrap" (Mondays), "Carillon" (a 
features magazine appearing each Wednes- 
day), and "R & R" (a Thursday arts and enter- 
tainment insert). 

But The Chronicle is not the creation of 
students alone. The paper has a professional 
business and advertising staff headed by 
general manager Barry Ericksen '84. The 
professionals are hired by the Chronicle 
Board, a panel of students and administra- 
tors that replaced the Publications Board as 
the paper's publisher several years ago. Al- 
though the board exercises no editorial con- 
trol, it has the right to approve the paper's 
budget. Theoretically, the university could 
pull the plug on The Chronicle, but in prac- 
tice the paper has been editorially indepen- 
dent. If The Chronicle wasn't censored in the 
Sixties and Seventies, it's probably safe 

After fifteen years of being channeled 
through the student government, The 
Chronicle's $100,000 subsidy will come 
directly from student activity fees next year, 
and any future increase in that subsidy will 
be subject to student vote. That's the result 
of a November student referendum. Chroni- 
cle staff members proposed to give the paper 
a bit more independence, since the student 
government is one of The Chronicle's main 
targets for coverage and criticism. The refer- 
endum passed overwhelmingly. "The stu- 
dent government is a special interest group 
that we cover, and the potential for it to take 
control over The Chronicle is a lot greater 
than the student body in general," says 
Gaffney. "If the student body in general 
decided not to give us an increase or even 
went through the process of taking our fund- 
ing away, then there's probably something 
pretty wrong with the paper anyway." 

That's not likely to occur. From its incep- 
tion, through two world wars, a radical era, 
and countless controversies, The Chronicle 
hasn't diminished in popularity. By mid- 
afternoon on most days, copies have dis- 
appeared from the distribution points. 
Whether they love it or hate it, people read 
it— even if only for the comics and the off- 
beat "personals" section of the classified ads. 

Today's Chronicle editors like to think the 
paper is straightforward. Under the parlia- 
mentary system favored through the years by 
the editorial board, that approach could 
change with the next majority. It may not be 
a good way to run a business, but it is a good 
way to run a student newspaper. ■ 

Scher '84 was editor o/The Chronicle in 1983-84. 
He is assistant editor of the Durham-based magazine 

■ Chronicle throughout 
the years have been 
accused of bias, inaccuracy, 
cynicism, and idealism; but 
they remain one of the most 
powerful— and presumably 
most respected -student 

Not much has missed The 
Chronicle's watchful eye. At 
various times, editors have 
urged students to protest the 
Vietnam War, behave a little 
better at basketball games, 
and vote for Ronald Reagan. 
Administrators have opened 
their newspapers to find that 
the editors advocated the 
merging of the men's and 
women's colleges, opposed the 
proposed Nixon library, and 
regretted the university's lack 
of success in recruiting minor- 

Here's a Chronic/e's-eye- 
view of some significant topics 
in Duke (and social) history: 

December 9, 1941 
[On the coming of war] The 
grim dance of death has be- 
gun in earnest. Another 
generation of American youth 
has been called forth to wade 
in blood. This time there will 
be no mass hysteria, no cheap 
heroics, no loud bravado. With 
quiet resolve and determina- 
tion, the young men of 
America have already ac- 
cepted their call to arms. 

pril 11, 1968 
[On the four-day Vigil involv- 
ing more than 1,000 students, 
faculty members, and workers] 
The vigil was a call for a 
change in spirit, a call for the 
University as an institution to 
take a position of leadership in 
the community, a call for 
recommitment by whites to 
the principle of non-violence, 
and to working together to 
help the blacks. 

November 7, 1968 
[On the election of Richard 
M. Nixon LL.B. '37] The elec- 
tion of a conniving politician 
to the Presidency and of a 
bumbling bigot to the Vice 
Presidency is the dishearten- 
ing end result of a year that 
saw an unprecedented politi- 
cal effort towards building a 
more humane and rational 

December 15, 1969 
[On Terry Sanford's being 
named Duke president] Duke 
will need, we think, a vigor- 
ous, active President who can 
lend the institution firm lead- 
ership and direction; Mr. 
Sanford's record in political 
life suggests that this may be 
what we've gotten. If so, his 
term will stand in marked 
contrast certainly to the last 
eight months and, unfortu- 
nately, some time prior to that 

April 22, 1970 
[On the continuing war in 
Vietnam] This war, entered 
into for evil ends, has done 
nothing but ravage Vietnam 
and kill hundreds of thou- 
sands of Vietnamese and 
Americans. The honorable 
solution and, in the last analy- 
sis, the only course open to 
the Nixon regime, is total 
withdrawal. We support the 
struggle of the Vietnamese 
people against the American 
occupation of their land. 

March 6, 1972 

[On the prospect of coeduca- 
tion] For years now it seemed 
ridiculous. We all attended the 
same classes, were taught by 
the same faculty, ate in the 
same dining halls, and be- 
longed to many of the same 
organizations. What seemed 
most ridiculous of all were the 
apparent reasons for continu- 
ing the system at all. Last year, 
when we began to live on 
each other's campuses, we 
just had to believe that an end 
to the absurdity was inevitable. 
And when all our deans re- 
signed last fall we knew it was 
imminent. But nevertheless, 
when we heard about it over 
the weekend or this morning, 
as expected as it was, the 
creation of a new undergradu- 
ate college for men and 
women still gave us a feeling 
more of optimism than just 

September 3, 1981 
[On the proposed location at 
Duke of a library containing 
the Nixon presidential papers] 
The confidential papers and 
infamous tapes virtually are 
Duke's for the asking. We fer- 
vently pray that Duke never 
ask that question. ...We can in 
no way justify, no matter how 
valuable the papers and tapes 
may be, the erection of a 
memorial to a crook. 

December 8, 1984 
[On the trustees' decision to 
name then-Chancellor Keith 
Brodie as Duke's seventh 
president] Sometimes you 
look for something so hard, 
and when you finally find it, it 
was in your own backyard the 
whole time.. ..In choosing 
Brodie, a qualified candidate 
with a strong feel for how the 
University functions, the 
board of trustees has guaran- 
teed that Duke's current 
. momentum -needed at this 
pivotal point in its history - 
will be maintained. 






I did it, and it wasn't easy. And I hope 
I never have to do it again. I quit 
smoking. But don't stop here. I'm 
not one of those self-righteous peo- 
ple who make sure you know they've 
quit smoking, doping, drinking, 
even thinking about that which 
you, poor wretch, continue to do. It 
must, somehow, reinforce their sense of 
accomplishment. Granted, patting yourself 
on the back has its purposes, but we'll have 
none of that— at least, not here. So, don't be 
afraid to read on. 

I certainly didn't do it by myself; from ear- 
lier attempts, I knew I couldn't. Some may be 
able; I wasn't. It took a tested program with a 
good track record to convince me that I could 
stop, cold turkey. Of course, you have to want 
to quit, or be forced to quit because a doctor 
orders you to. I didn't want to wait for the 
latter reason. (That sentence just lost me 
several readers. I promise from now on only 
doctors will make health statements, and 
you can skip over them if you want to stick to 
the "how to" parts.) 

The Duke Quit Smoking Clinic, headed 
by Dr. Robert H. Shipley, has a success rate of 
94 percent after a week, 54 percent after six 
months. Shipley is hesitant to banter about 
percentages and compare smoking cessation 
programs. "There is some research on the 
voluntary health organization programs— 
the American Lung Association, American 
Cancer Society, Seventh Day Adventists— 
showing about a 20 percent six-month to 
one-year success rate, and that's actually con- 
sidered to be a good rate," he says. And, like a 
scientist, he looks through a desk file drawer 
to substantiate his remark: "The methods of 
determining success are so varied as to make 
direct program comparison virtually impos- 
sible," he quotes from "the literature," as he 
refers to various established sources. "How- 
ever, a long-term reported success rate of 20 
percent is considered a good outcome." 

Shipley is a tall, thin, bearded man with a 
relaxed but straight-forward manner. He 
used to smoke a pack and a half a day but quit 
even before coming to Duke in 1977 to direct 
the Stop Smoking Clinic, as it was then 




X * 

called. He is now chief of psychology at the 
Veteran's Administration Medical Center, 
across from Duke North, and an associate 
professor of psychiatry in the medical school. 
He's also the man who holds the orientation 
sessions for smokers who want to quit. He 
tells you what smoking does to you, what 
changes you'll notice when you've quit, and 
how to get ready for it. 

I sat in on a recent orientation session. 
The crowd was small, about sixteen people. 
They asked hard, cynical questions as Shipley 
went through his informal but informative 
presentation. Will quitting slow down my 
metabolism? Will I gain weight? Should we 
use Nicorette (a prescription chewing gum 
containing nicotine)? One man left halfway 
through. Others laughed about taking a 
cigarette break before they wrote their 
checks for the $150, five-session evening 

I remember the nervousness, the sweaty 
fear of facing cold-turkey torment. I had 
mailed in my check: a commitment to break 

a twenty-one year habit, addiction, obses- 
sion, whatever. This was to be like Alcoho- 
lics Anonymous, I imagined, with support 
groups, therapists, the works. And if I 
couldn't cope, there was Meyer Ward nearby: 
Ray Milland in Lost Weekend, put me away 
with medical supervision. 

Shipley is used to the questions, and the 
misconceptions. The most common one, he 
says, is that success is a matter of will power. 
"It's not so much a matter of will power as it 
is a skill. And by skill, I mean knowing the 
right things to do and think instead of smok- 
ing. Will power can be successful in a short 
term, but you can only grit your teeth for so 
long, suffer for so long, and then you go back 
to smoking. But with skill, you can be free of 
cigarettes with a minimum of suffering. 

"Of course, you have to want to quit, but 
that's different than using will power as a 
technique to quit. Once you want to quit, 
then the easiest way and the most successful 
way is to learn the most efficacious methods. 
It's like anything else." 

What's the most common excuse for peo- 
ple not to quit smoking? Says Shipley, "A 
frequent one is, 'I know someone who lived 
to be 80 and smoked all of his or her life,' or 
'is still living and healthy as a horse. So all 
this stuff about smoking killing you is hooey.' 
The answer to that is, they don't understand 
statistics. The idea is that if you smoke, you 
increase your probability greatly that you 
will suffer smoking-related illnesses and pre- 
mature death; it doesn't guarantee that it will 
kill you. It's like playing Russian roulette, 
wherein most of us have one bullet in the 
cylinder and the smoker has two or three. 
Some people are going to be able to pull that 
trigger a lot of times and never get killed. But 
you increase your odds when you smoke." 

And there's that weight question. They 
may have removed the smoking ads from TV, 
but it seems they've replaced them with per- 
fect-bodies-by-the-beach commercials. But 
Shipley has us pegged: "The concern there is 
not so much, 'I'll be less healthy when I gain 
weight,' but that 'I won't look as good.' The 
reality is: two-thirds of the people who quit 
smoking don't gain weight, and of the one- 

third of those that do, it's usually in the five- 
to ten-pound range. Usually, they're able to 
get back to within a pound of their base line 
level within a few years of quitting. 

"When ex-smokers who have gained 
weight go back to smoking, they do not then 
lose the weight. Smoking is not a treatment 
for overweight. There are better treatments 
available, especially in this town." 

Treatments. I was being treated for smok- 
ing. We were instructed to stop smoking 
twenty-four hours before coming to our first 
session at 7:30 p.m. on, God help us, a Mon- 
day. Throw away all cigarettes, empty your 
ashtrays, and then empty the garbage so you 
won't be tempted. On the way to the first ses- 
sion, stop to buy a pack of your brand and 
bring it, unopened. The cigarettes would be 
left with the clinic leader to be dispensed for 
"smoke holding," an adversive therapy kind 
of thing. You take a large drag from your 
cigarette, but instead of inhaling, you hold 
the smoke in your mouth for thirty seconds. 
It concentrates all the bad aspects of smoking 
to your mouth, tongue, throat. Aside from 
making me cough, a bit dizzy, and headachy, 
it reminded me of that first, forbidden cigar- 
ette— a Kent it was— when I was 12, and how 
I later prayed to throw up but couldn't. 

"After a person quits for a day or more," says 
Shipley, "smoke holding underscores the 
body's negative response to cigarette smoke— 
it tastes foul, burns the mouth, and produces 
muscle tension and headaches. They don't 
usually want another cigarette after that." 
And we did that at the end of each session 
thereafter on Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, 
and an optional Monday booster. It may 
sound bizarre to some, but it's a lot more 
humane than historical methods, which 
range from nose amputation in the seven- 
teenth century under Russia's Tsar Michael, 
or being dragged through the streets of Con- 
stantinople with your pipe piercing your 
nose, to decapitation in China if caught 
smoking or trafficking in tobacco. 

There's also a little book— four inches 
across— that you're given before you start, 
called QuitSmart: A Guide to Freedom from 
Cigarettes, written by Shipley. "The idea is 
that it will be a working manual," he explains, 
"that you'd write in, list reasons for quitting, 
read sections several times, sort of clutch it to 
your breast." 

The book is divided into three sections: 
Preparing to Quit, Quitting, and Remaining 
a Nonsmoker. It's the result of his years of re- 
search and the research of others. "This is 
just the latest in a stage," says Shipley. "The 
initial press run is about sold out, so when it's 
revised, I'm going to change about fifteen of 
those ninety-six pages again. It just keeps on 
being revised, and I think it should be. 
Things change." 

And so does the novice nonsmoker. First, 
you notice the change in your face: the color 

returns. That's not from eating vegetables, as 
your mother promised, but from the increase 
in the amount of oxygen in the blood. Of 
course, we all know how your senses return: 
Things actually have more taste, the sense of 
smell becomes acute (I, personally, can sniff 
out a hidden ashtray at forty paces). And you 
wake up without that fogginess— and froggi- 
ness— of times past. 

All fine and good, you're probably saying— if 
you're still reading— but what about the 
coping, the frayed nerves, the urge? Shipley 
has another tool for that: the QuitSmart Self- 
Hypnosis Tape. This isn't a magician's trick 
that will have you in front of a crowd, cluck- 

"It's like playing Russian 
roulette, wherein most of 
us have one bullet in the 
cylinder and the smoker 
has two or three." 

ing like a hen, and not even knowing it. The 
key word is Self. And it's an optional part of 
the clinic. Shipley teaches you how to relax 
and absorb yourself in the tape's melodic 
voice. You learn to focus your mind on the 
tape's suggestions. Side One, "Quitting," 
eases you through the first few weeks. It offers 
suggestion on how to relax and enjoy healthy 
alternatives to smoking while avoiding 
negative side effects. Side Two, "Remaining a 
Nonsmoker," is like a booster shot. It helps to 
instill an attitude of inner calm and pride of 
accomplishment, something we all need 
whether we smoke or not. Listening to either 
side takes less than fifteen minutes. 

I found self-hypnosis good for positive 
reinforcement, to get through the hardest 
part of withdrawal. Yes, it's withdrawal. I was 
overcoming an addiction, not just breaking a 
bad habit. "The literature suggests that when 
smokers try to quit on their own— and most 
smokers who quit, do so on their own— the 
chances for success are about the same as a 
person withdrawing from heroin or alcohol 
in a clinic, about 20 percent after a year," 
Shipley says. "Yet we wouldn't expect alcoho- 
lics or heroin addicts to do it on their own. 
But because society, historically, has accepted 
smoking and because you see it every day, you 
just assume it's a habit one could just lay 
down without any real trouble." 

After the learning sessions, the group dis- 
cussions, the smoke holding, the listening to 
the tapes or using other forms of coping, 
you're alone with your own resolve. Your sys- 
tem is nicotine-free, but another stage begins. 
For whatever reason you smoked, it's still 

there. You have to find out why and deal with 
it. Monthly follow-up sessions provide that 
outlet. The first Thursday evening of each 
month is for meeting with the clinic leader 
and others who have been through the pro- 
gram. Some of them you may not know, but 
you share experiences or discuss individual 
ways of handling the mental changes. 

"Treating smoking involves so much treat- 
ing the whole person's social and psychologi- 
cal fabric," Shipley says. "When we talk 
about treating smokers, many of our interns 
are hesitant to get into it because they think 
it will be boring. But they find that it in- 
volves stress management, marital therapy, 
anger control, all sorts of things that get 
sparked when a person quits smoking that 
then have to be dealt with." 

Does the program have sufficient back-up 
systems for the emotional side of quitting? 
"Responses to our questionnaires have 
shown that very often participants wanted to 
have more follow-up sessions. In fact, that's a 
measure of how cohesive the groups were; 
they wanted to keep meeting. But if you 
study any of the literature, you'll find that 
where people have varied the number of 
sessions, more sessions have not resulted in 
higher success rates, and, in fact, more ses- 
sions often result in lower success rates. People 
become dependent on the group as opposed 
to their own resources. Once finally deprived 
of that, as they must necessarily at some time 
be, then that external control isn't there and 
they fall off the wagon. 

"The answer is no, we don't have enough, 
but the literature doesn't suggest any way to 
provide that. What we try to do is to teach 
the person how to get that support in their 
natural environment, so that it's more read- 
ily available [than a once-a-month session], 
and how to provide some of it for themselves: 
patting themselves on the back, structuring 
their daily lives so there's more pleasure and 
fewer hassles, and just generally leading a 
happier lifestyle." 

It's been a year now since I quit. I've taken 
up aerobics three times a week to burn off 
tension and, yes, the weight I gained (about 
ten pounds, but dwindling). I also take deep, 
belly-breaths in situations where I would 
have taken a deep, hot drag from a cigarette. 
I don't get as many colds. I eat healthier 
foods. I sleep better, yet once in a while I'll 
dream about cigarettes. But they're usually 
guilt dreams in which I catch myself smoking 
because I've forgotten that I've quit. Some 
days I do forget that I've quit, because I no 
longer think of myself as a smoker— that's 
part of the treatment. 

As I said, it wasn't easy. I'm still trying to be 
that peaceful kind of person, the one with 
the pervasive serenity, the calm hands, the 
one who refrains from telling you, without 
the least hint of self-righteousness, that he 
used to smoke. 



Popular science: possibility 
or non sequitur. For genera- 
tions of Americans who 
spent the better part of their 
primary and secondary 
school years awaiting the 
promise of their science 
textbooks— the ones whose 
titles invariably began with Adventures in..,— 
the concept of popularized science may seem 

Not so for Ted Bogosian 73, who is, as a 
writer/producer/director for the PBS series 
Nova, at the forefront of science program- 
ming for the masses. Throughout its twelve- 
year history, the series has been taking sci- 
ence out of the textbooks and labs and put- 
ting it in the living rooms of some ten million 
weekly viewers. Bogosiahs own contribu- 
tions to Nova's scientific fare— from plastic 
surgery to computer spies, evolution to Inter- 
feron— suggest both the range of topics and 
the growing impact of science and tech- 
nology on daily life. 

That growing impact is reflected in a larger 
and more diverse viewership, he says, which 
extends into virtually all age and socio- 
economic groups. "More people are enjoying 
technology. More are employed in high- 
technology jobs. They want to know how 
things work, why things are as they are." 

What caused the 1980 eruption of Mount 
St. Helens? Where are the battle lines drawn 
between the theories of evolution and crea- 
tion science? What role does the procure- 
ment of strategic minerals play in inter- 
national politics? These are among the 
heady issues explored by Bogosian in the 
nearly twenty programs he has produced for 
the Nova series since joining Boston's WGBH- 
TV in 1978. Yet, in the Nova "style," his pro- 
ductions are fast-paced, lively, and thoroughly 
contemporary in both content and design. 
The successful mix of show biz and science— 
the classic documentary sweetened with dis- 
solves, sprinkled with animations, and sea- 
soned with resonant narration— appeals to 
the palate of television viewers. And produc- 
ing station WGBH is not inclined to change 
the recipe. 



From Interferon to 

evolution— a producer 

helps bring the novelty 

to Nova. 

"The thing you don't want to do is alienate 
people by pitching the topic at too high a 
level, or too low, which I think is actually 
worse," says Bogosian. "Commercial TV 
tends to underestimate the audience. If we 
err, we do on the side of pitching too high." 
So the challenge is one of making science 
entertaining, since Nova, just as surely as 
Dynasty, wants to keep its audience coming 
back for more. 

"It's a difficult task, and there are a lot of 
subjects we have to turn down because they 
don't lend themselves to the Nova style of 
treatment," says Bogosian. "Only recently 
have we been doing shows on mathematics, 
or particle physics, or recombinant DNA 
technologies, because the amount of informa- 
tion to assimilate is great. We don't want to 
make shows only for people who live in the 
Silicon Valley. If we do a show about micro- 
chips, we expect that somebody who has no 
prior knowledge about them would watch 
and derive information and enjoyment from 
that program." 

But how to attract both the expert and the 
lay person? "That's the trick. You have to 
have a program that works at a lot of different 
levels, like a swimming pool with fast, medi- 
um, and slow lanes. If the program is interest- 
ing enough, if it's written well and directed 

well, if it sounds good and looks nice, then 
you have to have the feeling that people are 
going to get into the water. Maybe the slow 
lane, maybe not, but that's okay." 

Responsible for two to three programs each 
year, Bogosian is more a long-distance swim- 
mer. Because he spends from four to six 
months on each program, he must select his 
topics carefully. "You find yourself spending 
such a long period of time on one topic that 
your interest needs to be sustained," he says. 
"As soon as you lose interest, you get a bad 
film. It's hard enough to make a good film 
when you have passion and interest. So one 
of the criteria I use to determine whether I 
want to do a film is whether I can live with 
the topic for four months." 

Few subjects have captured his interest 
more thoroughly than plastic surgery, the 
basis of two Bogosian productions: "Frontiers 
of Plastic Surgery" and "A Normal Face," 
winner of several documentary awards and 
Emmy nominee for best documentary in 
1984. "I had wanted to do something on 
plastic surgery for some time," he says. "A 
member of my family had reconstructive sur- 
gery back in the 1920s, and I heard quite a bit 
about it as I was growing up. It fascinated me 
to the point that I wanted to look at the his- 
tory of plastic surgery." Typical of Nova's 
knack for finding familiar pathways into un- 
familiar territory, one portion of "Frontiers" 
paralleled the work of Dr. Alma Morani, a 
prominent U.S. plastic surgeon, with her 
avocation as a sculptor. 

The emergence of other Bogosian docu- 
mentaries lends some insight into the work- 
ings of the Nova team. A film on the world's 
"supertrains," a winner at the 1983 Ameri- 
can Film Festival, was suggested to him by 
the show's science editor as part of "a good 
mix" for that year's Nova offerings. The mix 
is determined by the show's executive pro- 
ducer and science editor, who consult periodi- 
cally with Nova's advisory board, composed 
of prominent scientists. A show about fore- 
casting tornados evolved from an article 
Bogosian read in Atlantic Monthly. "The 
National Science Test," a multiple-choice 
potpourri culled from past Nova programs, 

was Bogosian's idea. He loaded the panel of 
on-air contestants with celebrity figures 
including actress Jane Alexander, ABC 
News science editor Jules Bergman, and 
former NBC newsman Edwin Newman. And 
he invited game show veteran Art Fleming 
to serve as host, turning a potentially painful 
pop quiz into a scientific celebrity sweepstakes. 
The show was a success, and prompted a 
second version last October, pitting natural- 
ist David Attenborough, noted psychiatrist 
Dr. Alvin Poussaint, and Air Force Captain 
Michelle Johnson against Newman, last 
year's winner. Attenborough emerged vic- 
torious. The structure of both programs 
enabled Bogosian to spend a few consecutive 

in person, have coffee with them, live with 
them, find out for yourself whether the media 
profile that has existed so far is accurate. 
Many times it's grossly oversimplified." 

Nova's $5.3 million budget covers produc- 
tion costs for ten of the twenty programs aired 
each year, with per show budgets of approxi- 
mately $250,000. The remaining programs 
are purchased from independent producers 
or foreign networks. 

Money is a constant and nagging issue for 
Nova, as it is for its parent, PBS. But the 
series enjoys substantial funding— $1.5 mil- 
lion annually— from two corporate giants, 
Johnson & Johnson and Allied, neither of 
which exercises any control over the series' 

Scientific celebrity swee\ 

months in town during production. Nova's 
hefty travel requirements keep him away from 
his Cambridge, Massachusetts, apartment 
three to four months a year. He's been to vir- 
tually every country in Western Europe, as 
well as Japan, Hong Kong, West Africa, and 
Central America. In this country he's worked 
in all but three states: North Dakota, Alaska, 
and Hawaii. 

Although he has an associate producer 
and a handful of student interns to help him 
with the six to eight weeks of research each 
film requires, Bogosian is pretty much on his 
own as a Nova producer. He conceives the 
idea, scouts the locations, interviews the sub- 
jects, directs on location, writes the show, 
and supervises the editing. For a typical 
Nova program, forty to fifty scientists are 
consulted. "You make the phone calls and 
you hit the road," he says. "You talk to people 

, at right, preps contestants for "National Science Test H" 

content. "By PBS regulation," says Bogosian, 
"companies cannot influence content. They 
could withdraw funding if they thought we 
were tackling the wrong problems. In the 
late Seventies, Exxon didn't like one of our 
programs, 'What Price Coal.' I believe that 
program caused them to withdraw funding. 
But there were others dying to underwrite us. 
Since Nova started, we have never been with- 
out a corporate underwriter." 

When he joined Nova in 1978, Bogosian 
was a natural candidate for the series' science- 
entertainment mix. He brought with him an 
acquired taste for science, technology, and 
public policy, developed during his under- 
graduate studies in political science at Duke 
and graduate education in public policy at 
Harvard. He also brought an enduring appre- 
ciation of television entertainment, which 
he fine-tuned as a member of "the starting 

five on the tube team" at Duke— a group 
known for its daily loyalty to game shows and 
soap operas. 

The unlikely mix enabled Bogosian to 
approach highly complicated topics in sci- 
ence and technology, to analyze them as a 
scholar, investigate them as a journalist, and 
present them as a veteran of the college tube 
team. Bogosian knew that in Nova he'd found 
a home. 

The combination was particularly success- 
ful in the production of "The Colbalt Blues," 
which took the Writer's Guild's Best Docu- 
mentary Award in 1983. "This was a tricky 
subject about strategic minerals. The thesis 
of the show was that there was a lot of mis- 
information and disinformation being ap- 
plied by right-wing groups and some self- 
interested organizations within the federal 
government." Their object, so the thesis 
went, was "to try to justify American toler- 
ance of apartheid in return for South African 
minerals and for enjoying South Africa's 
strategic position in Africa. 

"If I had only read the information supplied 
by these self-interested parties, I would 
probably have reported that the strategic 
minerals problem was just as everyone had 
been saying— a difficult problem for the 
American military-industrial complex. In 
fact, after crunching some numbers, I found 
that it wasn't a very difficult problem, and 
that if the United States were willing to 
spend a few more bucks in places like the 
Philippines, Canada, and South America, 
we could diversify our sources of supply. The 
show contradicted the conventional wisdom." 

Bogosian's drive isn't fueled by a desire to 
contradict the conventional wisdom. He 
can offer no concrete evidence that his pro- 
ductions have had any significant influence 
on public policy. He only has overnight 
ratings and a handful of letters per show to 
gauge his success as a filmmaker. Not even 
family and friends can be counted upon for 
much in the way of feedback after witnessing 
more than eight years of Bogosian film- 
making. "I don't think you can use those 
kinds of external stimuli or motivations to 
think of why you're making films," he says. 
"You have to think of interesting stories that 
you like, then remember the spirit you had 
when you first thought of the topic— espe- 
cially four months later when you're editing 
and you've told the same story a hundred dif- 
ferent times to a hundred different people, 
and you're bored with it completely, and you 
can't remember why anybody would want to 
look at this movie." 

He has no desire to join the ranks of docu- 
mentary producers stabled with the major 
networks, satisfied that his opportunities at 
WGBH are far greater than those in the 
commercial sphere. 

Bogosian's Armenian heritage sparked his 
interest in producing a documentary about 



Duke University Medical Center 

Our offerings are 
designed to update 
nurses and health 
professionals in 
areas of contem- 
porary health issues 
and problems, new 
treatment modalities, 
and technological 

We hope you will 
find one or more of 
our workshops of 


February 13-14, 1986 

A step by step process of ECG interpreta- 
tion will be taught. 


March 6-1, 1986 

Includes topics on pharmokinetics, patho- 
physiology of side effects and principles 
of chemotherapy administration. 


March 20, 1986 

Addresses medical management through 
drug therapy. Drug categories will be anti- 
coagulants, chemotherapy agents, and 
pre-procedural medications. 

June 4, 1986 

An update on infectious diseases includ- 
ing AIDS, CMV, Hepatitis, Herpes, and 
other sexual transmitted diseases. 


April 10, 1986 

An overview of current knowledge, treat- 
ment modalities, research, and patient 
care practices employed m the manage- 
ment of the patient with leukemia. 



May 21, 1986 

Focuses on a multidisciplinary approach 
to treating chronic pain. 


June 27, 1986 

Familiarizes health care providers with 
principles of transplantation. The nursing 
care focus will be on the renal transplant. 

For more information contact: 

Debra W. Carter, Box 3883, Duke University 
Center, Durham, NC 27710 
(919) 684-5434 

hile there may be an 

glance at the ap- 
parent prosperity of the com- 
mercial networks, editorial 
staffers at National Public 
Radio, as with their counter- 
parts at the Public Broadcast- 
ing Service, are a loyal lot 
who've traded big budgets for 
the chance to bring their 
audience the big picture. 

Ted Bogosian '73, a pro- 
ducer for the PBS series 
Nova, says money is "a con- 
stant issue," but likes the in- 
dependence and latitude in 
topics that public television 
affords him as a documentary 
filmmaker. Celeste Wesson 
'72, national editor in news 
and information for NPR's 
Morning Edition and All 
Things Considered, says 
money is "a constant con- 
cern," but likes the depth of 
coverage that is NPR's 

"Most commercial radio 

journalism is top-of-the-hour 
headline news," she says. "And 
while it is satisfying to get a 
story on the air quickly, I'm 
more interested in explaining 
why something happened, 
how it happened, its history, 
what it means, than just the 
fact that it happened. With 
commercial radio, it's hard to 
get to a deeper level in forty 

Wesson began her radio 
career at Durham's now de- 
funct WDBS-FM, after four 
years with the student 
Chronicle during her under- 
graduate days. "I loved it," she 
says of her print days. "I never 
thought about broadcasting 
until I came to WDBS. Then I 
found I liked radio, particular- 
ly the additional element of 
people's voices - the way they 
say things, not just what they 
say. I really liked working 
with the tapes, listening to 
how they told stories, and try- 
ing to distill thirty minutes of 

conversation into a five- 
Wesson continued doing on- 
air features when she joined 
WBAI, a listener-sponsored, 

in Washington, D.C., where 
she was public affairs and 
news director. It wasn't until 
1980, when she moved to 
NPR, that she moved off-mike 
into editing. Her day includes 
an early morning check for 
urgent news, meeting with the 
other editors and producers to 
decide the menu of the day, 
then going back to make 
assignments and coordinate 
the day's national stories. "I 
was always on-air until I came 
to NPR," says Wesson. 
"Sometimes I miss the on-air 
work -going out and getting 
the stories and writing them. 
But there are different plea- 
sures to each. I handle a wider 
range of stories as an editor." 

the history of the Armenian people, an in- 
terest he first indulged last spring when he 
traveled to Washington, D.C., for the Cable 
News Network to film a demonstration 
marking the seventieth anniversary of the 
massacre of 1.5 million Armenians in Turkey. 
When the genocide ended in 1923, nearly 
one-half of the world's Armenian population 
had been slaughtered. He's taken a leave of 
absence from Nova to produce a PBS special 
on the topic. "It will focus on the genocide 
and its impact on the society, as well as what 
it means to be Armenian today in what is 
now a republic of the Soviet Union. It's the 
project of a lifetime," he says. 

Bogosian recently completed the second 
in a series of books based on Nova programs. 

He's involved in the production of Omni and 
Imax films, which are projected on the huge 
screens or domes of specially equipped sci- 
ence museums. "Before now, most of the 
films had to do with sensations of speed or 
flying. There was no content to speak of. 
Science museums have asked Nova to col- 
laborate on new films, so we're going to try to 
take documentary filmmaking one step 

As Bogosian sees it, the continuing chal- 
lenge for the Nova team is to provide as many 
avenues as possible to friendly encounters 
between science and society. "The goal is to 
create more popular science education 
materials, to lower the barriers to under- 
standing science." ■ 




A $10 million gift from The Duke 
Endowment will pave the way for 
hundreds of students from North 
and South Carolina to attend Duke. 

Made through Duke's Capital Campaign 
for the Arts and Sciences, the gift is the 
largest ever pledged to the university for a sin- 
gle student-aid program. The Benjamin N. 
Duke Leadership Fund honors the brother of 
Duke founder James B. Duke. Mary D.B.T 
Semans '39 of Durham, who chairs The Duke 
Endowment, is Benjamin Duke's granddaughter. 

The two-part program will support ten 
Benjamin N. Duke Scholarships a year, build- 
ing to a total of forty, for North and South 
Carolina students who show strong leader- 
ship and academic skills. The scholarships 
will pay 75 percent of Duke tuition, current- 
ly $8,270 a year. A second part of the program 
will provide as many as fifty-nine grants to 
qualifying North Carolina freshmen— a 
number expected to grow. The grants will 
replace the loan portion of financial-aid 
packages, and will not have to be repaid. 

The new student-aid program, in the words 
of Duke President H. Keith H. Brodie, "is the 
result of an exceptional act of generosity by 
The Duke Endowment. The Benjamin N. 
Duke Scholarships will tap the young leaders 
in the Carolinas, providing funds for their 
education at Duke and strengthening the 
futures of both states." 

Semans says The Duke Endowment "has 
taken this serious initiative to help assure 
one of James B. Duke's particular wishes: 
that students in his home region— the two 
Carolinas— would have the opportunity to 
receive an education of the highest quality. I 
know that my grandfather would have been 
so very pleased to see his name associated 
with this new mission in the Carolinas." 



elief in God over diplomacy can 
make the difference in a world 
plagued by poverty, war, and despair, 

evangelist Billy Graham told a packed Duke 

Chapel audience in November. 
Graham, who recently preached behind 

the Iron Curtain, seized the occasion of the 
November summit meeting in Geneva be- 
tween President Ronald Reagan and Soviet 
leader Mikhail Gorbachev to emphasize his 
point that political maneuverings are not 
the answer to the bigger problems of modern- 
day life: lack of spirituality, deprivation, and 
the fear of death. These problems, he said, 
are faced by Reagan, Gorbachev, and every 
person in the world, "and the answer is found 
in a relationship with God." 

"We ought to make every effort for world 
peace," he said, "[but] God can answer the 
questions that bother the whole human 
race. They won't be answered in Geneva, but 
they can be answered here today in Duke 
Chapel," he told a crowd of 1,600 people in 
the chapel and another 1,000 people viewing 
him on a large TV screen in Page Auditorium. 

At a press conference following the service, 
Graham expressed confidence in President 
Reagan's efforts to bring about "the elimina- 
tion of all armaments of mass destruction." 

"In his heart, he's determined to use his 
second term to bring about peace between 
the Soviet Union and the United States," 
Graham said. He added that the threat of 
nuclear war was pushing the two superpowers 
together, and compared that danger to the 
mythical sword of Damocles. "That sword 
could fall at any moment and destroy the 
human race," he said. "We're told civilization 

could be destroyed in less than eighteen 

Graham, back from a crusade in Hungary 
and Romania, said he has "never seen such 
hunger for the word of God." 


JK s part of a national focus on South 
^^^B\ Africa and its policy of apartheid, 
Mf w5k twenty-eight campus groups have 
organized a year-long program titled "Con- 
nections: A Duke University Symposium on 
South Africa." 

The university has also reassembled a 
social implications committee to examine 
university investments in companies operat- 
ing in South Africa, and has announced 
divestments of stock in two companies 
operating in South Africa that have not 
signed the Sullivan Principles— a voluntary 
code guaranteeing equal wages and working 
conditions for all races. 

The year-long symposium includes a series 
of speeches, forums, and cultural events to 
heighten the university community's aware- 
ness and understanding of South Africa. It 
will also look at the historical, economic, 
and human connections between that 
country and the United States. 

Duke is no exception to the widespread 
campus protest over economic involvement 
in South Africa. During a fall meeting of the 
board of trustees, some fifty students picketed 
outside Allen Building, calling for total 
withdrawal of university funds in companies 
doing business in South Africa. During com- 
mencement last May, about 100 students, 
faculty, and parents demonstrated in front of 
Duke Chapel. At that time, then-President 
Terry Sanford sent a letter to Duke students 
encouraging them to approach the apartheid 
issue using careful analysis before demand- 
ing any action on the part of the board of 
trustees. "We need the concern and thinking 
of Duke students so we can develop a con- 
structive and effective Duke approach," 
wrote Sanford. • 

In his first official report to the trustees 
this fall, President H. Keith H. Brodie said 
the university has sold stock in companies 
with operations in South Africa that have 
not signed the Sullivan Principles. He also 
said he hopes the social implications com- 


mittee, made up of faculty, administrators, 
and students, will examine university invest- 
ments in South Africa and recommend ac- 
tions to the trustees. The committee was 
established in the late Sixties during wide- 
spread campus activism over civil rights. Law 
professor Walter Dellinger is its new chairman. 

According to Stephen Harward, university 
treasurer, Duke investment managers have 
recently divested from two companies that 
have not signed the Sullivan Principles. The 
student Chronicle reported that the univer- 
sity has sold $3.6 million worth of stock in 
Dun 6k Bradstreet Inc. and Kimberly-Clark 

Duke and some other major U.S. universi- 
ties are considering an educational exchange 
program with South Africa to improve that 
country's deteriorating educational system. 
L. Neil Williams '58, J.D. '61, chairman of 
the board of trustees, met with representa- 
tives from twenty other leading universities 
to discuss the possibility. Through funding 
by major foundations, the program would 
send U.S. faculty and equipment to desegre- 
gated universities in South Africa, and bring 
South African graduate students to the 
United States. The proposed five-year ex- 
change program is still being mapped out, 
Williams says, but he's optimistic about the 
possibility of Duke's involvement. 


As with any other business, colleges 
and universities are always looking 
for ways to save money for more 
cost-effective operations. In that area, it 
looks like Duke is on to something big. 

Every year for the last decade, Duke has 
won an award for cost reduction from the 
National Association of College and Uni- 
versity Business Offices and the U.S. Steel 
Foundation. And that's as long as the award's 
been given. The national competition pits 
campus business offices against one another 
to see which has implemented the most ef- 
fective cost-reduction ideas of the year. 

Duke took third place in the 1985 competi- 
tion when the business office developed a 
computerized vehicle registration system for 
the medical center. Instead of medical workers 
spending costly hours walking to the vehicle 
registration office and waiting in line, they 
can register by mail. According to Jim 
Henderson, associate vice president and 
business manager, the system saves valuable 
production time by keeping employees at 
work instead of in line. Within six months, 
the system had already paid for itself. The 
university is planning to follow the medical 
center's example. 
Other- winning Duke ideas from past years: 

a large gasoline tank truck that haunts the 
campus late at night, filling up the tanks of 
the 400 or so official Duke vehicles so drivers 
won't spend their working hours sitting at gas 
pumps; and the recycling of used supplies 
and equipment into other university depart- 
ments, plus their sale to the public at a near- 
by recycling center. 

Cash awards are given to the top colleges 
and universities in the cost-cutting competi- 
tion. With this year's $5 ,000 award, the busi- 
ness office gave a reception to honor the 
team that came up with the idea. "We have a 
management team that's committed to work- 
ing smart," says Henderson, "that's intent on 
getting the job done at the lowest possible 


Coca-Cola: It's the Real Things. Coke 
Are It. Or so went the old reliable 
slogans after the Coca-Cola Company 
popped the top on consumer wrath by tin- 
kering with the century-old recipe. 

The result was new Coke, which, within 
months of its arrival, was joined on grocers' 
shelves by Coke Classic— the original. An 
incredible marketing gaffe? An astounding 
public relations ploy? 

It was a little of both, but unintentional, 
according to Ira C. Herbert, executive vice 
president and director of corporate market- 
ing for the Coca-Cola Company. Thousands 
of taste tests indicated that consumers pre- 
ferred the new formula over the old. "We 
decided to change after we found we could 
make the best even better," Herbert told a 
capacity crowd at Duke's Fuqua School of 
Business. "We didn't have to change [the 

formula], but we wanted to be better, reach 
higher, achieve more." That attitude, he said, 
"is sewn into the fabric of the Coca-Cola 

The seams began bursting when con- 
sumers across the country voiced strong dis- 
pleasure with the change. In a display of the 
flexibility and responsiveness that Herbert 
says characterize the company—in our 
industry, opportunity comes and goes in a 
moment— Coke Classic was (re)introduced. 

"We simply did not measure the depth of 
emotion and commitment to the original 
formula of Coca-Cola," Herbert said. "We 
found out Coke is not a product, it's an idea. 
What we did was have the audacity to re- 
move it, and we probably shouldn't have." 

The change was part of an overall plan to 
create a megabrand that would dominate the 
entire soft drink industry, Herbert said. "We 
are convinced that our decision to introduce 
new Coke was good, but we did not realize 
how important old Coke was to people." 

The good news for the diversified Coca- 
Cola Company, which boasts annual operat- 
ing revenues in excess of $7.4 billion, is that 
the Coke brand gained substantial exposure 
from the debate, "a situation most people 
didn't foresee," Herbert said. "Our image 
indicators [taken from some 16,000 inter- 
views each year] have never been higher." 
And while sales of Classic Coke are outsell- 
ing the new Coke by two to one, Herbert says 
the combination of the two is capturing a 
larger market share than the original Coke 
did before the change. 

The marketing lesson to be learned from 
all this? Said Herbert: "Be right." 


The space shuttle's record so far is 
"decidedly mixed," in the view of a 
Duke historian, but there are signs 
that most of its shortcomings are under con- 
trol. "The orbiter and the external tank are 
getting lighter," says Alex Roland in a recent 
issue of Discover magazine. "Launches are 
more regular, turnaround time is decreasing, 
the bugs that always infest new technology 
are disappearing." 

Roland, associate professor of history and 
director of Duke's program in Science, 
Technology, and Human Values, has an in- 
sider's view of the shuttle program: He spent 
eight years as a NASA historian before com- 
ing to Duke. 

For all the disappointments in the early 
years of the $14-billion program, the shuttle 
remains the most sophisticated spacecraft 
yet flown, Roland points out. The DC9-size 
craft is "a generation ahead of the rest of the 
world and the envy of all spacefaring nations." 

Whether the taxpayers are getting their 
money's worth is another question, says 
Roland. "One answer is undoubtedly no. 
Another is surely yes. The choice between 
them is philosophical and political more 
than it is technical." 

Judged on cost alone, "the shuttle is a tur- 
key," because it costs much more to fly than 
anyone anticipated during development, 
Roland says. In 1972, the projected cost of a 
flight was $10 million. No one really knows 
what the cost is today, because several differ- 
ent accounting methods give widely varying 
figures. The figures run from $42 million to 
$150 million, and none of them suggests the 
shuttle is paying its own way. 

Nevertheless, Roland says, NASA con- 
tinues to pour money into the shuttle to 
bring it up to specifications. The orbiter still 
can't carry its design payload of 65,000 
pounds. Compounding its fiscal problems, 
NASA budgeted an average cost of $121 mil- 
lion for each of the fourteen flights sche- 
duled in 1986, although the commercial rate 
to hire a completely dedicated shuttle pay- 
load is $71 million. The taxpayer, Roland 
says, can look forward to footing the $50 mil- 
lion shortfall for each flight— for a total of 
$700 million— assuming each flight earns its 
full commercial rate. He estimates that fewer 
than half will do so. 

Competition with Ariane, the European 
Space Agency's launch vehicle, prevents 
NASA from raising its shuttle fee, says 
Roland. "Now Ariane is operational and 
luring customers away from the United 

In Roland's view, a second-generation 
shuttle may be needed to make space trans- 
portation economical, but its development 
isn't being considered by the space agency. 
"The purpose of the shuttle in the first place 
had been to reduce the prohibitive costs of 
resupplying the space station. Of course, it 
hasn't done that, nor does it have any pros- 
pects of doing that. The real cost of putting 
a pound of payload into orbit is at the same 
prohibitive level as sixteen years ago." 


Lee Iacocca, maverick chairman of the 
Chrysler Corporation, will deliver the 
May 4 commencement address at 
Duke. Over the last five years, he has achieved 
near legendary status as the architect of a 
massive federal bail-out that saved the auto 
company from certain fiscal doom. His high- 
profile accomplishments have since steered 
it to unprecedented prosperity. 

"It's a real coup to get him," says Duke 
President H. Keith H. Brodie of Iacocca, 
who was the university commencement 
committee's unanimous choice to speak in 
1984 but declined the invitation. Of the 
some 3,000 speaking engagements he was 
offered last year, Iacocca accepted only forty- 
six— one of them the commencement ad- 
dress at M.I.T. 

A native of Allentown, Pennsylvania, the 
61-year-old Lido Anthony Iacocca received 
his bachelor's degree from Lehigh and his 
master's in mechanical engineering from 
Princeton. "I wasn't interested in a snob 
degree," he wrote in his best-selling memoir, 
Iacocca. "I wanted the bucks." 

He spurned engineering for sales and 
began his automotive career in 1946 as a 
truck salesman for the Ford Motor Company. 
By 1956, his sales savvy won him a job at the 
home office in Detroit, and four years later 
he was head of Ford's car division, where he is 
credited for expert merchandising of the 
Mustang and opening up a market geared 
specifically to young buyers. 

Iacocca became president of Ford in 1970, 
but lost his power eight years later in a corpor- 
ate shakeup. Then, as chairman of the 
Chrysler Corporation, he rose once more to 
prominence in the three-year drama surround- 
ing the company's severe financial losses, 
successfully lobbying for $1.5 billion in 
federal loan guarantees to keep the founder- 
ing company afloat. In typical Iacocca show- 

manship, he saw to it that the loans were paid 
back before they were due. Last year, Chrysler 
reported profits of $2.4 billion, a higher 
figure than those of the previous sixty years 

Duke's Academic Council approved the 
awarding of an honorary degree to Iacocca at 
the commencement ceremony in recogni- 
tion of his business contributions to society. 
Says President Brodie, "It is good for a uni- 
versity to reward excellence and success in all 
walks of life." 


The heat is on— again— at Duke, where 
The New York Times' official "hot col- 
lege" is now ranked the sixth best uni- 
versity in the nation. 

According to a survey conducted by U.S. 
News and World Report, 16.1 percent of the 
788 college and university presidents who 
responded consider Duke one of the top five 
national universities. Stanford topped the 
charts with a 40.2 percentage, followed by 
Harvard and Yale, both with 38.4, Princeton 
with 36.6, and the University of Chicago 
with 18.8. Rounding out the top ten among 
national universities were Brown, the Uni- 
versity of California at Berkeley, the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and 

The poll was conducted among 1,318 four- 
year college and university presidents and 
had nearly a 60 percent response rate. Each 
president was asked to pick the top five under- 
graduate schools from a list of institutions 
similar in size and academic offerings. The 
presidents were asked to consider such fac- 
tors as curriculum strength, relationship be- 
tween faculty and students, and the atmos- 
phere for learning. 

The survey categorized the schools into 
four main groups: national universities hav- 
ing strong research and doctoral programs 
(the category in which Duke was ranked); 
national liberal arts colleges emphasizing 
the liberal arts; regional liberal arts colleges 
which award more than half their bachelor's 
degrees in the liberal arts; and comprehen- 
sive institutions granting more than half of 
bachelor's degrees in occupations. 

Duke got another favorable plug recently 
from syndicated advice columnist Ann 

The complaint from a Durham, North 
Carolina, letter-writer: "I love my native 
North Carolina and am ashamed that this 
state is best known for peddling poison. I 
refer to its major crop— tobacco." 

"Hold up your head," Landers advised "B. 
in Durham." "North Carolina has Duke Uni- 




'I have been to over ten soccer camps in the last three 
years and Duke was definitely the best. . ." 

Kerwin Clayton, Wallingford, Pennsylvania 


Girls 8 and up-June 21-26 


Boys 8-12-June 28-July 3 


Boys 13 and up-July 5-10 


Boys 8-12-July 12-17 


Boys 13 and up-July 19-24 

Boys 13 and up-July 26-31 


Beginners 6-12-June 23-27 

For additional information 
write or call: 

Duke Soccer Camp 
PO. Box 22176 
Duke Station 
Durham, NC 27706 

versity, the most beautiful campus in Ameri- 
ca and surely one of the most distinguished 
institutions of higher learning in the world. 
Be proud!" 


College students need to be encouraged 
by all their professors— not just those 
teaching English— to develop good 
writing skills, the new director of Duke's 
writing program says. 

Too many professors give complete atten- 
tion to content and none to expression, and 
students are the poorer for it, says George 
Gopen, a lawyer-turned-English professor. 
Many critics of U.S. education blame stead- 
ily declining writing skills on too much tele- 
vision and too little reading. Gopen, how- 
ever, says those factors are only part of the 
problem. A de-emphasis on Latin and Greek 
and relaxed grammar requirements in high 
school are also to blame. "Together they allow 
students to view language as a distinct sys- 
tem of structures," he says. "Lacking these 
structures, the only way a student learns to 
write is by having a good ear." 

Gopen, who came to Duke this fall from 
Loyola University, directs a revamped ver- 
sion of its freshman composition program. 
The standard "English I" has been replaced 
by four courses: "Principles of Composition," 
"Persuasive Writing," "Interpretive Writing," 
and "Scholarly and Critical Writing." Class 
sizes range from twelve to fifteen students. 

Fifty-seven instructors— most of them 
graduate students in English— are teaching a 
total of 103 sections of the writing courses. 
All the instructors attended a three-day 
workshop on writing conducted by Gopen. 
He is also initiating a program called Writ- 
ing Across the Curriculum, which encour- 
ages professors to incorporate good writing 
skills in other disciplines. 

One thing professors teaching. courses out- 
side the English curriculum need to do, 
Gopen says, is to stop forgiving poor writing 
in favor of content. And, he believes, stu- 
dents in all academic fields can be better 
prepared for their chosen professions through 
concentration on good writing in all their 

Gopen received his undergraduate degree 
from Brandeis and his law degree from Har- 
vard. After law school, he decided he'd rather 
teach English than practice law, and went on 
to receive his doctorate from Harvard's gradu- 
ate school of arts and sciences. While teach- 
ing at the University of Utah, he began de- 
veloping the framework for a writing program 
geared to prospective lawyers. Out of that 
program evolved Goperfs first book, Writing 
from a Legal Perspective. 

Continued from page 7 

losing money if the prices drop below the 
contract level. 

But Thompson's not content with the usual 
lot of the grower, especially since today's 
farmer is coming out at the low end in the 
food system. The farmer gets less than thirty 
cents for every dollar Americans spend on 
food; the largest share is eaten up in process- 
ing, packaging, and distribution. "Say I can't 
do something and I'm just red-neck enough 
to try," Thompson says, standing in front of 
an $800,000 peanut handling station which 
he and twenty-three other members of a 
local peanut co-op built. The collective re- 
presents more than 2 ,000 acres and gives the 
group more power in the marketplace. The 
facility, which paid for itself in three years, 
moves some 200,000 pounds of peanuts a day 
directly to the suppliers. "We can guarantee 
them a certain quality and grade, we can 
negotiate a contract," says Thompson. "As 
an individual farmer, none of us would have 
the power to do it. 

"Normally, the profits accrued by handling 
stations would not be available to me as a 
farmer. Traditionally, we've been the one 
raising the raw, unfinished product. But the 
profits are in the handling. The peanut co- 
op takes us one step closer to the finished 

The mood at the White 

House is clear: Get 

government out of the 

farm business through a 

gradual retreat over the 

next five years. 

product; we have some control over the pea- 
nuts' destiny and share in the profit involved 
in handling." The peanut facility also has 
shelling, milling, and cold storage capabili- 
ties, leaving the co-op in a good position to 
process its own product entirely and sell di- 
rectly to users. "Like a rat, we have more than 
one door to get out of," says Thompson. 

He's also planning to expand his cattle 
operations to include processing. "I sold 
some cattle recently for forty-seven cents a 
pound on the hoof, and you ain't seen no 
steaks at that price for a long time. Soon we'll 
be raising beef just like the buyer wants it. It 
will be farmer to store and no in between— 
no slaughter houses, no auction markets, no 
nothin'. " 

That brand of frontier spirit was in evi- 
dence last summer when Thompson gave 
20,000 ears of sweet corn to local residents. 
He was getting as little as four cents an ear 
for corn that was popping up in supermarkets 
at twenty-five cents an ear. "I got aggravated 
and said, 'Dagummit, I'm going to give this 
mess away.' That's my protest against the sys- 
tem. I resent the price the consumer pays as 
compared to what the farmer gets." Thomp- 
son's been giving away sweet corn for eight 
years now. 

Moving into the processing end of the food 
system, he says, is a logical approach for 
farmers in today's economy, but not one the 
debt-ridden grower can readily consider now. 
He admits that some won't make it, "but 
those who do will because they'll cut out 
what isn't profitable and go with what is. 
And they'll keep their growth within the 
limits of what they can pay for." 

"Farmers are a determined bunch, but they 
have to protect themselves, hedge their bets, 
keep their options open, and diversify," says 
Thompson. "The ones who do that may be a 
hard core group of 30 percent, but therein 
lies your answer to the future of farming." 
Those traits, coupled with a return to a free- 
market farm economy, he adds, could turn 
things around for the American farmer. 
"Turn em loose and they'll beat anybody at 
anything." ■ 

Economies in Collison—Condos, Clams and Catastrophes 

1986 Marine Lab Alumni weekend -April 26-2 7, 1986 

Join us for a series of talks, tours and cruises on the local waterways. Focus will be on the future 

of coastal communities. A special tour of Historic Beaufort will be offered as a 

Sunday option. 

For reservations contact: Barbara Booth '54, Alumni Colleges, 614 Chapel Drive, 

Durham, NC 27706, 919/684-5114. 









n 1949, Rachel Carson 
spent the summer in Beau- 
fort, N.C., exploring the 
rich tidal lands of the area 
and finding inspiration for her 1955 
book, The Edge of the Sea. In 1962, 
she wrote Silent Spring, a book that 
placed her in the forefront of the ecol- 

Both of these hard-to-find books 
are now available to you from the Duke 
Marine Laboratory as a gift set, pack- 
aged and delivered with a message and 
information on the newly-established 
Rachel Carson Estuarine Sanctuary. 
This is a limited offer at $100, which 
provides a tax-deductible $75 donation 
to the Marine Lab. 

Support the continuance of un- 
spoiled marshes and dense woods where 
shorebirds, waterfowl, marine life, and 
scientific research abound. Make your 
check payable to Duke University and 
send, along with your name and ad- 
dress, to: Michael P. Bradley, Marine 
Lab Development Officer, 2127 Cam- 
pus Drive, Durham, N.C. 27706 

The Perennial Need for Your Annual Fund Support 

Fresh green shoots are bursting from the 
ground at Duke Gardens, signifying the beginning of 
spring on campus. The combination of annuals and 
perennials is breathtaking. Year after year, visitors can 
count on this burst of color at Duke. But every gardener 
knows it takes constant attention to maintain such 

So it is with the Annual Fund. A dazzling 
dollar or participation total in one year does not 
guarantee the same for next year. Duke alumni and 
friends must constantly furnish the care and ingredients 
needed to keep the Fund healthy. And a healthy Annual 
Fund is essential to providing the educational operating 
support on which Duke depends. 

Perennial: enduring, continuing 
without interruption. 

The 1984-85 Annual Fund provided fertile soil 
for this year's drive. Now Duke needs you and other 
supporters to sow the seed. If every member of the Duke 
family would make his annual gift perennial, the Univer- 
sity would be assured of the funds needed to remain in 
full bloom. 

The Duke Annual Fund 
2127 Campus Drive 
$f Durham, NC 27706 
(919) 684-4419 

Drawings courtesy of 
Duke Gardens 

The Book That Almost Wasn't 

A Story of Glory: The History of Duke Foot- 
ball, twenty years in creation, was nearly de- 
stroyed in one night. The book was ready to 
roll off the presses when fire broke out last 
fall. The negatives were hanging next to 
the presses when the printing plant 
burned to the ground. 

Commissioned some twenty years 
ago, the book was Glenn E. ("Ted") 
Mann's life, as well as his work. 
Mann was Duke sports information 
director during the glory days, and 
even the threat of fire couldn't keep 
this historical, informative, and inspira- 
tional story from being told. The manu- 
script was saved when the printer realized 
the boards, from which the negatives were 
made, were stored in a separate building! 

Now, the story can be told: the first Trinity team 
coached by the school's president; the 25-year ban on 
football; President Few's commitment to athletics; the 

hiring of Wallace Wade; the bowl teams— Rose, 
Sugar, Orange, and Cotton; the Hall of Famers 
— Crawford, McAfee, Lach, Hill, Tipton, 
Murray, Cameron, and Wade; the all-time 
lettermen; a year-by-year review; and un- 
believable photos from the 1890s right 
up to Ben Bennett's record-setting 
pass against UNC. As former pres- 
ident Terry Sanford writes in the fore- 
word: "This book is Ted's story. It re- 
counts, in the kind of detail that delights 
a football fan, the wins, the losses, the 
near-misses and the personalities who led 
Duke to its most dramatic football adventures." 
And, it's a must for any Duke graduate. 

order A Story of Glory: The His 

$1.50 for shipping and handling to: Duke Sports informant 
306 Finch-Yeager Building, Durham, NC 27706. 






Your gift will provide you with: 

ncome for life 
Immediate tax deduction 
No capital gains tax 
No administrative fee ; 



Convictions: A Novel of the 

By Taffy Cannon 70. New York: William 

Morrow & Company, 1985. 395 pp. 

o come of age in such a 
marvelous period of 
ferment and turmoil," 
writes Taffy Cannon in 
her compelling new 
novel of the Sixties, 
Convictions, "is a pri- 
vilege no other modern 
American generation has ever had." For the 
book's main characters, and for those of us 
who remember the time, "Duke was full of 
surprises and revelations." 

A good chunk of Convictions— which 
traces the late Sixties and early Seventies 
politicization of two young women— is set on 
the Duke campus, where in the autumn of 
1966, Cannon recalls with retrospective 
irony, "The biggest campus problem was 
apathy, lackadaisically discussed and never 
alleviated." An unlikely pair— the radical 
Prentis Granger and the radicalized skeptic 
Laurel Hollingsworth, who narrates the tale- 
are on the quad when the locomotive of his- 
tory comes barreling through Durham. 
Granger, the brilliant and committed one, 
climbs aboard and ends up in something like 
the Weather Underground; Hollingsworth 
trots alongside part of the way, but waves 
good-by before it's too late. 

There are a lot of shared memories and 
good atmospherics in this book: "the torpid 
Durham heat" and "pristine white FAC 
dresses"; poring over the Outlook Freshman 
week; strip steaks at the Zoom in Chapel Hill 
and bagels and beer at the Ivy Room; foreign 
films at the Rialto. And parties at the Beta 
section, where the first and finest stereo 
component system could be found. "Natur- 
ally the Betas were on the cutting edge of 
sound fidelity," Hollingsworth observes. 
"Where hedonism was involved, they always 
seemed to be in the forefront." 

My favorite recollection is the way Hol- 
lingsworth, the daughter of a Louisiana law- 
yer, deals with a freshman-year bout of depres- 
sion: retreating to a darkened dorm room, 
lying "in bed with my ASLEEP sign on the 
door and a particularly mournful Judy Col- 
lins album playing" (which is exactly what I 
used to do when I regularly failed my weekly 
French quiz). 

Politics also provides much of the tableau 
for the deepening relationship between the 

two women, including the demonstration 
on East Campus against Dow Chemical re- 
cruiters and George Wallace's campaign 
speech on the steps of the police station in 
1968. Even the old Ku Klux Klan billboard 
outside of Smithfield makes an appearance, 
a sign which urged motorist to "HELP FIGHT 
(sic)." As the tart-tongued narrator observes, 
"The garbled spelling didn't say much for the 
merits of segregated education." 

But Convictions is not just a picket-line 
stroll down memory lane. For Laura Hol- 
lingsworth and her friend Prentis Granger— 
as for many who attended Duke during those 
years— the central, life-changing experi- 
ences were the Vigil in 1968 and the Allen 
Building takeover in 1969. Hollingsworth 
views both events essentially as an outsider, 
one who is drawn to the periphery of the 
action by honest concern, but prevented from 
diving in by equally honest skepticism. Thus, 
as a member of the Food Committee, she 
describes the Vigil, capturing some of the 
naivete and self-centeredness that so fre- 
quently accompanied the idealism: "Indeed, 
the entire event was essentially a very 
romantic one. We all embraced the illusion 
we were making a difference. We were prov- 
ing nonviolence could be effective in creat- 
ing social change. We were obsessed that the 
Vigil had to succeed, seeing it as some kind 
of absolute last resort." 

She is equally sharp on the chaotic con- 
frontation with police on the main quad a 
year later, following the evacuation of Allen 
Building by members of the Afro-American 
Society: "Alien creatures in ridiculous head- 
gear manned giant fans, which appeared out 
of nowhere. It was a stunning shock. We re- 
garded ourselves, quite accurately, as mem- 
bers of a privileged elite living lives of in- 
violable freedom while we pursued Higher 

Knowledge. The Durham police, just as 
accurately, considered us spoiled rich brats 
evading responsibility and the draft. Both 
groups had been aching for a confrontation 
for months." 

Despite her skepticism, Hollingsworth be- 
comes increasingly political and introspec- 
tive. But the ideological distance from 
Granger, the daughter of a South Carolina 
textile magnate, continues to widen, affect- 
ing their personal relations as well: "Her large 
new circle of friends included several former 
Vigil leaders, a smattering of Chronicle re- 
porters and editors and just about everyone 
involved in the campus Y, which had taken 
the offensive on moral and political issues, 
be they local or international... She disap- 
peared off campus several nights a week, 
joining her earnest scruffy political friends 
at one of the several large frame houses they 
inhabited just off East. I felt alienated from 
most of these folks, who were just barely civil 
to me. They seemed to make no effort at all 
to enlarge their narrow circle. And their ar- 
rogant self-righteousness made me quite 
content to be an outsider." 

In the same vein, Taffy Cannon scatters a 
number of delightfully gratuitous digs at The 
Chronicle and its staff, quite similar in tone to 
those she made at the time, in print and in 
person, as I recall, when she lived in Brown 
House and served as an ASDU legislator. 
Which brings me to my minor criticism of 
Convictions: Like many Sixties novels, the 
main characters turn up at too many of the 
right, i.e., historically pivotal, places at the 
right time. 

Convictions has been reviewed widely, 
inside and outside North Carolina, and the 
verdict has been mixed. By andlarge, women 
reviewers (and readers, if my wife, Sarah M. 
Brown 71, is any indication) have been most 
affected by the novel, calling it "riveting" 
and "a solid story." Guy Munger, book editor 
of the Raleigh News and Observer, called it 
"brilliant, a fully realized work that evokes 
time and place in a way that makes a reader 
think of literary giants like John O'Hara and 
John Updike." I can't go that far. This is not 
Marge Piercy, either. However, when Munger 
calls Convictions "a novel of enormous 
dramatic impact, a good story well told," I 

—Mark I. Pinsky 

Pinsky '69 is a former Chronicle editor now on the 
staff of the Los Angeles Times. 


Every hour of every 
day for the past 420 years, 
the chimes of the town 
clock in Douglas, Scotland, 

e sounded three 

utes early 

Small wonder. 
The Douglas family motto 
is: "Never behind." 
The good things in life 





ite Labels 


1 % 




I&c°rc H 




Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive 

Durham, North Carolina 27706 

address correction requested 

Non-Profit Org. 
U.S. Postage 

Durham, N.C. 
Permit No. 60 

There was no March/April 1986 issue 

From W'GBH: show biz and ; 

: (page 38) 


MAY-JUNE 1986 







It takes a lot to be the best in the printing 
industry. A lot of talent A lot of hard work. 

And each year printers from around the 
States — and around the world — send the 
best of what they've got to the oldest, most 
prestigious competition in printing. Where 
judges decide if their best is good enough. 

This year, out of six thousand entries at 
the 1985 Printing Industries of America 
Graphic Arts Awards Competition, our best 
was better than good. We won more awards 
than any printer in North Carolina. 

That just shows what talent and hard work 
can do for a printer. And it shows what we 
do every day for our clients — with a lot of 
talent, and a lot of hard work. 


Hunter Publishing Company 

2505 Empire Drive 
Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27103 
) 765-0070, Toll-Free 1-800-334-1988. In North Carolina 1-800-642-0609. 

EDITOR: Robert ]. Bitwise 
Sam Hull 

Susan Bloch 

West Side Studio 
Hinely '86 

Funderburk Jr. '60 

Frances Adams Blaylock '53, 
president; Anthony Bosworth 
'58, president-elect; 
M. Laney Funderburk Jr. '60, 

F. Owen Fitzgerald B.D. 54, 
Divinity School,- William B. 
Scantland B.S.M.E. 76, School 
of Engineering; Charles R. Fyfe 
Jr. '68, M.B.A. 74, Fuqua 
School of Business; Thomas N. 
Tribble M.E.M. '84, School of 
Forestry & Environmental 
Studies; Page Royster Redpath 
M.H.A. 76, Department of 
Health Administration; Terence 
M.HynesJ.D. 79, School of 
Law; F. Maxton Mauney Jr. 
M.D. '59, School of Medicine; 
Barbara Brod Germino B.S.N. 
'64, M.S.N. '68, School of 
Nursing; Robert C. DiPasquale 
73, M.S. '80, Graduate 
Program in Physical Therapy; 
Katherine V. Halpem B.H.S. 
77, Physicians' Assistant 
Program; Marcus E. Hobbs '32, 
A.M. '34, Ph.D. '36, Half 
Century Club. 

BOARD: Clay Felker '51, 
chairman; Frederick F. 
Andrews '60; Holly B. Brubach 
75; Nancy L.Cardwell'69; 
Jerrold K. Footlick; Janet L. 
Guyon 77; John W. Hartman 
'44; Elizabeth H. Locke '64, 
Ph.D. 72; Thomas P. Losee Jr. 
'63; Peter Maas '49; Richard 
Austin Smith '35; Susan Tifft 
73; Robert J. Bliwise, secretary. 

© 1986, Duke University 
Published bimonthly; volun- 
tary subscriptions $10 per year 

JUNE 1986 



Cover: Celebrating the best of 

umo uu- PuL' k^U'fhill P.iviJ 
Henderson, Jay Bilas, and Mark 
Alarie. Photo by Les Todd 



Basketball behind the scenes: Jay Bilas documents a year to remember 



For Robert Dillon '51, America's ambassador to war-ravaged Lebanon, the human 
consequences of violence hit close to home 


A Duke alumnus compiles the definitive account of the most publicized— and least 
understood— event in American history 


Faculty perspectives on the causes and consequences of terrorism 


In the ministries of the church, women are now a presence to be reckoned with 


Martha's Vineyard was the unlikely classroom setting for an Alumni College weekend 



Sports writers are again gathering around Mike Gminski, the former Blue Devil who— as a 
New Jersey Net— is recapturing his basketball fame 


Recalling Mr. Duke, engineering prosperity, rating the professors 


Distinguished Teacher and art professor Carolina Bruzelius on strategies of good teaching 

Good reviews for Fuqua, moral messages from Tutu, pros and cons on the contras 

Canaan— an intimate revelation of a woman's madness 

DUKE BASKETBALL-An Illustrated History 


For the first time an illustrated history 
book of Duke basketball will be 
published. This handsome illustrated 
casebound edition spans the decades of 
Duke's rich tradition, highlighting the 
accomplishments of the university's 
greatest teams, athletes and coaches. It 
also will include an in-depth look at the 
1985-86 Blue Devils and their drive for 
national prominence. Authored by Bill 
Brill, class of 1952 and former presi- 
dent of the U.S. Basketball Writers, 
it's a masterpiece of detail that 
brings alive Duke's great basketball 
heritage. The standard edition is 
S25.00 (S30.00 after publica- 
tion) while a leather-bound auto- 
graphed collector's edition is 
available for $40.00 (limited 

Available July IS, 1986 

Illustrated History 

□ Standard Edition ($25) 

□ Leather-bound Edition ($40) 
Video Review ($45) 

□ VHS 

Each order must include $3.00 for shipping & handling 

City _ 


Expiration Date . 

□ Mastercard 


Make all checks payable to DUAA. Send orders to: 
Promotions Office, 306 Finch Yeager Building, 
Duke University, Durha, i, NC 27706. 

Video Review 

Narrated by CBS's Brent Musburger 

ENJOY the greatest moments of Duke basketball 
1985-86 all year long with their first-ever Duke 
Basketball Video Review. All the excitement of this 
year's Blue Devil squad is captured on tape for your viewing 
pleasure. Catch the highlights, great moments and terrific 
triumphs of the entire campaign, interspersed with com- 
ments by Duke players and coaches. This is the one video 
that all Blue Devils will love. Great for out-of-town fans. 
Available on either VHS or Beta tape for $45.00. 

Available May I, 1986 




On March 2, 1986, Cameron Indoor 
Stadium erupted. The Duke Blue Devils, 
setting new records along the way, flattened 
the Carolina Tar Heels, 82-74. Duke ended 
its regular season first in the country and first 
in the Atlantic Coast Conference And, it was 
the first time in twenty years that the Blue 
Devils finished alone atop the ACC standings. 
Two decades of Carolina domination had 

To celebrate this historic occasion, the Duke University Alumni Association has 
commissioned athlete and artist Ernie Barnes to capture the moment. The Durham 
native was the official artist for the 1984 Olympic Games, and was honored as 
Distinguished Sports Artist. Barnes, whose paintings have sold for as much as 
$35,000, is a former offensive lineman for the Baltimore Colts, San Diego Chargers, 
and Denver Broncos. Barnes' painting will be made available as a Quality poster: 
24 inches by 36 inches, full color in exceptional reproduction. This is a limited edition, 
$25 per poster from Duke Alumni Office, 614 Chapel Drive, Durham, NC 27706. 

Kenny Dennard 

The Blue Devil 


The transformer you can wear! 
The Hat-R-Sac is a patented new design that combines 
a stylish one-size-fits-all hat with a functional tote bag, 
Only $9.95 plus $1.50 shipping and handling. 
Just send check or money order with order form to: 

P.O. Box 5609 
Durham, N.C. 27706 
Proceeds go to The American Cancer Society 


Satisfaction Guaranteed! ^^WS 

Please send Hat-R-Sac(s) ^S^r* 

at $9.95 each plus 1.50 shipping and handling 






Show your pride in Duke this year— or any year— 
with the charm that tells the world you are a Blue 
Devil! (Remember - DUKE IS #1 EVERY YEAR- 

The 14K gold diamond cut charm is suitable for 
wear on a bracelet or neck chain and is ideal as a gift 
for the graduate, your favorite alumni, or to start an 
in-coming student off on the right foot. 
Watch for more special Duke charms in the classi- 
fied section of upcoming issues! 

Make check or money order to: f OREVER. INC.. 
P.O. BOX 1 7965. RALEIGH. N.C. 27619 

Please send #1 DUKE charms @ $29.95 each. 

Please add $1 .60 shipping and handling for each order. (Norlh 
Carolina residents add 4.5% sales ta« to total of order.) 









For Americas ambassador to war-ravaged Lebanon, 

the human consequences of violence hit close to 


I was American ambassador 
to Lebanon from June 1981 
until October 1983. To 
serve the United States in a 
country like Lebanon at a time of 
crisis and disorder is a privilege 
and, despite the obvious dangers, 
an opportunity sought after by 
many dedicated professionals in 
the foreign affairs field. It is also 
one of the most frustrating ex- 
periences anyone could hope to \ 

On the personal side, there is 
the sheer madness of what hap- 
pened to people: dead and maimed 
Foreign Service colleagues; 
young Marines cut down in a 
suicidal assault beyond the under- 
standing of most Americans; the 
appalling slaughter of Lebanese and Palestin- 
ian civilians during civil war and as a conse- 
quence of the Israeli invasion in the summer 
of 1982; the massacre of helpless Palestinians 
in Sabra and Chatila; the random shelling of 
residential areas as a sort of psychological 
warfare; and, the hateful custom of competi- 
tive and large-scale hostage taking. 

My personal introduction to 
the human consequences of vio- 
lence occurred shortly after my 
arrival in Beirut in early June 
1981. I arrived without my wife 
[Sue Burch Dillon '53] because 
the State Department had eva- 
cuated all dependents a short 
time before as a result of the latest 
escalation in Lebanon's ongoing 
civil war. Violence was in fact 
decreasing that week, and some 
of my first discussions with the 
embassy staff concerned when 
their wives could return. My cook 
(and manager of the palatial estab- 
lishment in which I was en- 
sconced) went to a family party 
in a nearby mountain village. As 
he stood in the front door of a 
restaurant enjoying fresh air, a shell came in, 
killing three people instantly and wounding 
another ten, most seriously the cook. Liter- 
ally dismembered, he lingered in a hospital 
intensive care unit for six days before merci- 
fully dying. That anonymous shell, one of 
only three fired on what was an unusually 
quiet night, was almost certainly Syrian. 

^^■H* * 


■<v ,-■ jF By 

ft %" "%flr Al 

M ^ra 

In its efforts to build inter- 
national support against 
terrorism, the United 
States has hit a responsive 
chord in Europe. That's the 
verdict, delivered in a January 
press conference at Duke, of 
an anti-terrorism expert in the 
U.S. Department of State. 
"We've seen, in the last six 

to an a 

| everyo 

ths, a change in Europe 
ttitude that terrorism i 
ne's problem," says 

David Long of the State 
Department's Office of 
Counter-Terrorism. "We feel 
that the Europeans are being 
responsive; most of the inno- 
cent victims of terrorist acts 
have been Europeans." A 
prominent sign of their sup- 
port, he says, is their willing- 
ness to share information on 
the whereabouts of terrorists. 

"Intelligence is one of the 
major defenses in terrorism. 
We're trying to stop terrorist 
acts, specifically trying to dis- 
courage the support of them 
by states like Libya," says 
Long, whose appearance at 
Duke was sponsored by the 
program in Islamic and 
Arabian Development Studies. 
"Largely as a result of the 
high-visibility incidents taking 
place in Libya, we have under- 
scored to our European and 
Middle Eastern friends that 
now is the time to band to- 
gether and call a halt to this 
tacit support of terrorism." 

Long says media coverage of 
terrorist activities is important 
both to the terrorists and the 
general public, but for differ- 
ent reasons. "Coverage is a 

right and a responsibility in a 
free country, but one must 
temper that with the realiza- 
tion that the terrorists are pros 
and are going to do everything 
to manipulate the media. 
Without a media happening, 

public statement, and that 
statement is integral to what 
they are doing." 

"Take the [1985] TWA inci- 
dent, which was probably the 
nadir of responsible journal- 
ism. The terrorists knew the 
hostages would go through 
the Stockholm Syndrome," a 
temporary period in which 
the hostages feel gratitude 
toward their captors. "The 
terrorists had all the media in 
just before the hostages were 
released to record the thank- 
you's and comments on how 
well they were treated. A few 
days later, the hostages knew 
they'd been had, but no one 
broadcast that; it was old 

Long says he would not 
support a news black-out, 
"but one must be aware of this 

During the ensuing weeks, I accustomed 
myself to harrowing rides in armored sedans 
driven at top speed through combat and 
semi-combat zones. Quickly feeling very 
much the old vet, I took pride in my ability 
to judge whether artillery rounds were in- 
coming or outgoing, and I had rather come 
to enjoy the nightly display of rockets and 
red tracers lacing the sky around my house. 

In mid-July, however, I realized that I was 
less blase than I pretended. I paid a courtesy 
call on a retired Muslim political leader in an 
older area of West Beirut. As we saluted each 
other with small glasses of tea, a heavy door 
started slamming behind my head. Seconds 
later, the front windows of the apartment 
blew in, and sirens started screaming. Rush- 
ing to the window (I subsequently learned: 
Never rush to a window), I saw four American- 
made F-4s with the blue Star of David on 
their tails, lazily circling while bombing and 
rocketing a group of nearby apartments. The 
raid continued for about half an hour. Some 
350 people were killed. The Israeli radio an- 
nounced that a strike against a PLO head- 
quarters in Beirut had been carried out in 
retaliation for a terrorist incident on the 
Israeli-Lebanese border. 

As a consequence of that raid, Special 
Presidential Envoy Philip Habib (an almost 
permanent house guest of mine during the 
next eighteen months) succeeded in estab- 
lishing a cease-fire that lasted until the Israeli 
invasion in June 1982. The invasion was a 
surprise in timing only. There had been ample 
warning,' including quite explicit articles in 
the Israeli press, that as soon as an interna- 

tionally respectable excuse could be found, 
the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) planned to 
smash into Lebanon in an attempt to clean 
out the PLO. The attempt by the Abu Nidal 
group to murder the Israeli ambassador in 
London provided the casus belli, and on June 
5 , Israeli troops and tanks crossed the border. 
There was considerable uncertainty as to 
how far the IDF would go. Indeed, Israeli 
writers have subsequently alleged that Mini- 
ster of Defense Ariel Sharon concealed from 
the Israeli Cabinet the extent of his plans. 
Shortly after the invasion began, Prime 
Minister Begin informed President Reagan 
that Israel planned an operation limited to 
driving all Palestinian guerilla units more 
than twenty-five miles from the Israeli 
border. There is reason to believe that he 
thought he was speaking the truth, although 
the IDF was by that time beyond the twenty- 
five-mile limit. 

At the embassy, in addition to trying to 
report accurately to Washington what was 
happening, we immediately evacuated all 
dependents (who had returned the previous 
September) and such staff we believed could 
be spared. Evacuation was by civilian aircraft; 
there were several stranded at the Beirut air- 
port when the invasion began. Israeli planes 
were bombing and rocketing in the vicinity 
when we got our people there. The pilots 
refused to move until a cease-fire was negoti- 
ated. The Israelis finally gave us an hour. By 
the time we persuaded the pilots that a cease- 
fire was in effect, the hour was up. We got a 
half-hour's extension and the planes started 
taking off. My wife was on the last one. Firing 

resumed as her plane lumbered down the 

In the meantime, I had returned to the 
embassy, located on Beirut's once-glamorous 
sea front. Shortly after I entered the build- 
ing, it was rocked by a direct hit from a hand- 
held rocket fired by a Muslim militiaman. 
Miraculously, no one was hurt, although two 
offices, belonging to people who had been 
evacuated, were totally destroyed. 

We continued using the embassy building 
for another two weeks, but as the IDF closed 
the ring around Beirut, discretion became 
the better part of valor, and we moved all staff 
to my residence on a hill on the outskirts of 
the city, where we had a first-hand view of 
the siege. For the next three and a half 
months, thirty-two people shared the house. 
Only the ambassador had a room to himself; 
rank has its privileges. 

It is beyond the scope of these brief recol- 
lections to describe the two-and-a-half- 
month siege of Beirut. It was a traumatic and 
heart-rending period during which the popu- 
lation of West Beirut suffered. The remain- 
ing embassy staff, augmented by visiting 
specialists and special negotiators, worked 
seven days a week, twelve to fifteen hours a 

In early September, after the evacuation of 
the PLO fighters from Beirut, newly elected 
Lebanese President Bashir Gemayel was mur- 
dered, the IDF moved into Beirut, and Chris- 
tian fighters attacked the Palestinian refugee 
camp and neighborhood known as Sabra- 
Chatila. An appalling massacre ensued as 
heavily armed men slaughtered some 800 to 
1,000 helpless civilians. The rage and bitter- 
ness stemming from this savage incident 

The next few months were relatively peace- 
ful in Beirut itself, although there was heavy 
fighting between Druze and Christian 
Maronite fighters in the nearby hills known 
as the Chuf. Most of my time was spent in 
supporting visiting negotiators engaged in 
mediating between the Lebanese govern- 
ment and the government of Israel, in manag- 
ing U.S. efforts to strengthen the badly 
damaged Lebanese economy, and in making 
a viable national institution out of the divided 
Lebanese Army. 

On April 18, 1983, I was in my office on 
the top (eighth) floor of the embassy prepar- 
ing to go jogging. My wife and my visiting 
82-year-old mother had left the embassy a 
short time earlier and were a few blocks away. 
As usual when I went out, our large security 
apparatus had begun preparation. My driver, 
with an armored car, was at the front door. 
American and Lebanese bodyguards pre- 
pared to escort me to an open area where I 
could slowly run my three miles under the 
watchful eyes of ten heavily armed men. 

I decided to return one last telephone call 
to a German banker. While talking on the 

phone, I stood facing a window looking out 
toward the Mediterranean as I pulled on a 
heavy Tshirt. My arms and shirt were in 
front of my face when, at 1:05 p.m., the win- 
dow blew in on me. What seemed like a giant 
hand picked me up, threw me several feet, 
and slammed me on the floor. Lying on my 
back, I watched, as in a dream, as the brick 
wall behind my desk crashed down on my 
chair and slid to the floor, covering me from 
the waist down. 

As I lay in the dust and debris trying to 
understand what had happened, I realized 
there had been an explosion but was uncer- 
tain of the magnitude. I had heard no sound. 
I could not move and feared my legs had been 
crushed. After several minutes, my deputy, 
my secretary, and the administrative officer 
rushed in, having freed themselves from 
debris in an adjoining room. The American 
flag and a large flag staff were across my body 
under the collapsed wall. They grabbed the 
end of the staff and pried the wall up a few 
inches. I wriggled out and found my legs 
intact. My only injuries were cuts, bruises, 
and tiny glass shards in my forearms. 

Immediately the room started filling with 
smoke and tear gas fumes. Later we realized 
the explosion that I had first felt through the 
window had also traveled up an air shaft 
behind my desk, blowing out the wall a frac- 
tion of a second later. Tear gas canisters in 
the ground-floor lobby had been set off auto- 
matically and tear gas was pouring through 
the shaft. We all began coughing and retch- 
ing. We made our way to a shattered window 
and got out on a ledge. Within a matter of 
minutes, a wind came up and cleared the air 
sufficiently so that we were able to come 
back in and make our way to a back stairway, 
which was covered with rubble but essenti- 
ally intact. We were still under the impres- 
sion that something had happened only on 
our floor— perhaps another rocket attack- 
but as we started down, we realized that there 
was considerable damage beneath us. I remem- 
ber remarking fatuously, "I bet somebody's 
hurt down here." 

As we made our way from floor to floor, we 
started running into shocked, dust-covered 
survivors also trying to find a way out of the 
building. On the second floor, we discovered 
that the stairs we were using were gone, and 
we looked for an alternate route. On that 
floor, I found the wife of one of our senior 
staff standing helplessly, blinded by blood 
streaming over her face. I took her in my 
arms and guided her to a window from which 
we were able to climb out onto a garage roof 
and down a ladder to the ground. As I was 
awaiting my turn at the ladder, someone 

came up and said, "I just saw Bill 

He's dead." It was only then that I realized, of 
course, there were dead. Five days later when 
we finished sifting through the rubble, we 
concluded sixty-two or sixty-three people 

Lying on my back, I 

watched, as in a dream, 

as the brick wall behind 

my desk crashed down 

on my chair and slid to 

the floor, covering me 

from the waist down. 

had died— seventeen of them American. 

Outside, we did what we could to organize 
fire fighting and rescue work. I then got on 
the phone to Washington from a nearby apart- 
ment. Rather than report casualties, we put 
together a list of everybody we thought had 
been in or around the building when the ex- 
plosion occurred. As we identified people or 
got hard information about them, we checked 
off survivors. After two hours, reports of sur- 
vivors stopped coming in and we were con- 
fronted with agonizing gaps in the lists. Mean- 
while, we worked furiously to get the dead 
and injured out of the collapsing building. 
The last survivor was pulled out from under a 
pile of rubble five hours after the explosion. 
He looked like a piece of hamburger, and I 
could not believe he would live. He did. 

The saddest thing was the gathering of our 
Lebanese employees' families at the site, 
awaiting news of missing loved ones. In the 
end, we were finding pieces of people— a 
booted foot, a hand with ring, a pair of fused 
toes— from which identifications were made. 

The bodies of two people known to have been 
in the building were never found. 

As has been well publicized in the world 
media, the embassy had been attacked by a 
suicide driver who rammed a pickup truck 
filled with explosives into the side of the 
chancery directly below my office. Those 
killed were either on the first two floors of 
the embassy near the front, or on upper floors 
directly above the explosion. Subsequently, 
four men were arrested who were implicated 
in the lower levels of the plot. As a result of 
interrogations by Lebanese authorities, we 
learned a great deal about how the attack 
was planned and carried out. Circumstantial 
evidence pointed to an extreme Iranian- 
supported Shia group based in Lebanon's 
Bekaa Valley as the actual perpetrators, but 
when I went on to other duties eight months 
later, we had not established to our complete 
satisfaction exactly who had planned the at- 
tack or what governments had been involved. 

I will leave for another time the tempta- 
tion to pontificate on terrorism. There is no 
one cause and no one solution. At one level, 
terrorism is a police and intelligence prob- 
lem and should be handled discreetly as such 
by cooperating governments; at another, it is 
a major political and diplomatic problem 
and must be approached politically and 
diplomatically. Frustratingly, there will 
rarely be opportunities for effective military 

Dillon '51 is still with the Foreign Service, based m 
Vienna, Austria. He is on "secondment— or tempo- 
rary assignment— as deputy commissioner-general, 
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Pales- 
tine Refugees in the Near East. The agency operates 
in the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. 
His duties take him to the Middle East several times a 

Embassy in ruin: U.S. Ambassador Robert Dillon, center, and Secretary of State George Shultz survey the damage 


444 DAYS: 





A Duke alumnus compiles the definitive account of 

the most publicized— and least understood— event in 

American history. 

Just over five years have 
passed since the release 
of fifty-three Americans 
held hostage in Iran. 
During the 444 days of crisis— 
the days of America held captive, 
as many would put it— the media 
covered the story relentlessly. 
Still, all the coverage left much 
untold about the victims of one 
of the most highly publicized 
terrorist episodes in American \ 

A chance meeting in Washing- 
ton, D.C., three years ago between 
Tim Wells '77 and Bill Belk, one 
of the hostages, set the stage for 
an ambitious undertaking by 
Wells: a written account of the 
444-day siege as described by its 
victims. Wells traveled more than 20,000 
miles and compiled 5,000 pages of notes from 
taped interviews with thirty-six of the hos- 
tages; he chose twenty-seven to speak in his 
book. 444 Days: The Hostages Remember 
recalls the political unrest leading up to the 
hostage-taking, the abuses endured by the 
hostages during their imprisonment, the 

failed U.S. attempt to free them, 
and, finally, their release— in 
January 1981— on the day that 
Jimmy Carter relinquished the 
presidency to Ronald Reagan. 

"The hostages returned to a 
whirlwind of publicity that was 
followed by relative silence," 
writes Wells in the book's intro- 
duction. "As a consequence, 
popular perceptions about the 
treatment of the hostages are 
based almost entirely on journal- 
istic accounts that have done as 
much to distort as to reveal the 
actual conditions of their captiv- 
ity. As a group, the hostages feel 
that much of what has been writ- 
ten about them in the popular 
press is neither accurate or truth- 
ful... This oral history is an attempt to redress 
that grievance." 

Wells lives in Arlington, Virginia, and is 
working on his second book, a history of the 
1968 Democratic convention in Chicago. 

BARRY ROSEN (press attache): When I 
arrived in Iran, I could see that four of the 



five banks on Takht-e Jamshid [a major ave- 
nue in Tehran that passed directly in front of 
the American Embassy] had been destroyed. 
The street was strewn with glass, and the 
entire area looked like an absolute wreck. 
Everywhere on the avenue I heard, "Marg bar 
Shah! Marg bar Shah!" (Death to the Shah! 
Death to the Shah!) And I saw anti-Shah 
slogans painted on the buildings. It was all 
very odd, because the buildings and the busi- 
nesses on Takht-e Jamshid were all new— but 
at the same time they looked tawdry and 

The next morning I walked out of my hotel, 
and I could hear shots being fired in the city, 
and see tanks moving around in the street. 
This was only a few days after the November 
4, 1978, student riot and the November 5 
student bombing. It was obvious that the 
revolution was on its way. 

attache): After the military units were 
recalled, the embassy went without 
protection for several days. We didn't have 
any Iranian security forces on duty. So the 
embassy was a fat target. We had a feeling 
that we were going to be tested. 

I knew we might need help, so I started 
calling a bunch of old numbers, trying to find 
somebody who could give me an idea of what 
to do if we had trouble. You know, if we had a 
fire, I wanted to know how to get a fireman. 
Finally, I managed to get a hold of this guy 
who had been a general in the Iranian police 
force. He refused to converse in a normal 
manner. He would answer my questions with 
either a "yes" or a "no." That was it. I explained 
the situation to him, and he gave me four 
phone numbers. He said, "If you call, we'll be 
there to help." Then he warned, "You must be 
very careful." So it was a damn dangerous 

I wrote a memo on this, and I passed it 
around to the principal people on the embassy 
staff. The next morning— the morning of 
February 14— one of the political officers 
came into the office and began to ride the 
hell out of me over my memo. He said, "We 
don't need to worry about emergency phone 
numbers. The Ayatollah says that the revolu- 
tion is over." Well, the Ayatollah did tell 
everybody to turn in their guns, but he might 
as well have told them to quit eating ice 

The militants were shooting their way 
through the metal door at the east end of the 
building, and lead was flying straight into 
that corridor. The Marines tear gassed the 
hell out of the place, but the Iranians managed 
to breach the building. We were all up on the 
second floor when they got in. Ambassador 
Sullivan had everyone in the vault, and he 
put me outside in the main corridor to sur- 
render the building when these guys made 
their way' up to the second floor. 

We still didn't know who the hell the at- 

Hostages homebound: Robert Ode, left, and Bruce 
German receive flowers at their intermediate stop in 
Weisbaden, West Germany 

tackers were. From the shouting and yelling 
that was going on, it was determined that 
some of them had Turkish accents. We had 
an old Iranian over there by the name of 
Jordan, who spoke Farsi with that same kind 
of accent, so he was put at the door, with me, 
to act as an interpreter. He was an old fellow 
who had worked over in the consulate. Our 
instructions were to tell these guys that we 
were going to surrender the building to them, 
and that they would not be met by return fire. 
I thought we were going to be killed. There 
wasn't any other thought in my mind. I fig- 
ured they'd blow us away as soon as I opened 
the door. We were standing there, and could 
hear them coming up the steps. 

When the militants started coming up, old 
Jordan broke down and started to cry. He was 
going to pieces. He had tears coming down 
his face, and I said, "Damn, man, don't break 
down on me now. I need you." 

He said, "I'm a Jew. When they figure that 
out, they're going to kill me." 

I said, "Hey, we're both in this together." 
Then I opened the door. 

These guys came bursting in, and they 
fanned out immediately. We were slapped 
around and put up against the wall. 

attache): It was a situation where truth didn't 
matter. Perceptions were much more import- 
ant. A large portion of the Iranian people 
believed that the United States had the abil- 
ity to pull strings and return the Shah to 
power. Iranians believed that we were about a 
thousand times more powerful in directing 
their internal affairs than we ever were. The 
truth was that at this time we had practically 
no influence in Iran. Our only purpose for 

being there was to try and establish a rela- 
tionship with the new regime. But when the 
Shah was admitted to the United States, we 
opened a Pandora's box for the hardline revo- 
lutionaries. They could say, "Look what 
America did in 1953! They're getting ready 
to do it again! Another coup is in the wind! 
They're going to return the Shah to power!" 
That accusation held a lot of water with a lot 
of people. Most Iranians believed it. 

It's hard for many Americans to under- 
stand that the entire Iranian population felt 
wronged by the Shah. After he was admitted 
to the United States, they wanted to strike 
out at something American. You could 
search the entire country over, and there was 
only one target they could attack. That was 
the American Embassy in Tehran. 

DON HOHMAN (Army medic): That 
morning after I made my rounds, I went into 
the clinic and I noticed something strange. 
Some of the local Iranian employees were 
grabbing their coats and leaving. At the time, 
I couldn't figure out why, but in retrospect I 
can see that they knew the embassy was 
going to be hit. I called Al Golacinski, the 
security officer, and said, "Hey, what's going 
on? Some of the locals are walking out the 

Al said, "We've picked up some informa- 
tion that there is going to be a demonstration 
today. But don't worry about it. It's nothing 
unusual. Why don't you go back to your apart- 
ment and wait it out? We'll call you when it's 
over." So I closed the medical unit and went 
back to my apartment. That was right before 
the attack began. 

JOE HALL (warrant officer, at the chancery): 
The Iranians got into the basement real 
quick. At the time, I was in the Defense 
Attache Office on the main floor, and we 
were wondering what the hell to do with our 
classified stuff. We'd actually been pulling 
documents out of the files in order to destroy 
them, when the word came through that the 
militants had managed to get into the base- 
ment. Everybody was immediately ordered 
upstairs to the second floor. We thought, 
well, we can't carry our classified stuff with 
us. If the militants did get through, we'd meet 
them in the hallway with our hands full. So 
Colonel Schaefer said, "Let's lock it up." We 
put all the classified documents in the safes 
and spun the dials. 

ity guard): As we were being taken down, a 
squad of policemen met us on about the fourth 
floor. I thought these guys were the reinforce- 
ments that the Foreign Ministry had prom- 
ised. So I put my hands down and leaned up 
against the wall. The radicals were trying to 
get us to put our hands back up, and we were 
pushing them away. I was laughing at them 
because the police were there, and the police 
had automatic weapons. But this one little 
twerp kept slapping my arms and telling me 


to put my hands up. I hit him with an open 
palm to the chest to keep him away from me. 
I thought the militants were finished, and I 
rocked that guy pretty good. 

BILL BELK (communications officer, at the 
chancery): The Marines were ordered to dis- 
arm, and a couple of them were running 
around saying, "Hide the guns! Hide the 
guns!" In the communications center we had 
a small room— a little booth used for privacy 
when we made long-distance calls to the 
States. We didn't have anywhere else to put 
the guns, so I stacked them all in this little 
booth. The Marines were handing me .38's 
and shotguns. It felt very defeating. Here our 
guards were, handing me the weapons they 
were supposed to use to protect us. They 
gathered all the weapons that had been dis- 
tributed in the hall and handed them to me. 
I locked them in that little booth to keep the 
Iranians from getting them. We didn't want 
to be held at gunpoint with our own weapons. 

BRUCE GERMAN (budget officer, at the 
chancery): The first thing I saw was a mob of 
bearded, dirty, screaming, fanatical types, 
with headbands, and pictures of Khomeini 
pinned to their shirts. They came rushing in 
and looked in every possible room. They ran 
around, looking for people, or weapons, or 
whatever they could find. 

We were given instructions to line up in 
the hall, women first. They told us they were 
going to escort us out of the building one at 
a time. As soon as we got to the checkpoint 
they had set up, they frisked us, and blind- 
folded us, and tied our hands behind our 

I was escorted by two of them. As we were 
going out, they asked me to make some kind 
of statement. They wanted me to condemn 
Carter and the United States government. I 
said, "I won't say anything. I'll give you my 
name and my position in the embassy. That's 
all you're going to get from me." 

I was escorted down the steps and out onto 
the grounds, toward the screaming mob. I 
thought we were going to be executed. That 
was my first thought. I thought we were going 
to go in front of a firing squad. 

(Marine security guard, inside the communica- 
tions vault): The Iranians were being real 
rough. They were hitting people, and I got 
whacked across the face a few times. That 
really made me angry. My arms were being 
held, and I couldn't hit them back. There 
was no way for me to defend myself. So I just 
looked those guys straight in the eye. As they 
were hitting me, my eyes would bore right 
into theirs, really fierce and angry. That 
probably made it worse, too, because they'd 
just haul off and hit me again. 

They jerked me out into the hallway, and I 
saw some of the other hostages kneeling 
against the wall, blindfolded, with their 
hands tied behind their backs. Some of them 

"I saw some of the other 

hostages kneeling against 

the wall, blindfolded, 

with their hands tied 

behind their backs. 

Some of them had burn 

bags over their heads. 

When I saw that, my 

heart sank." 


had bum bags over their heads. When I saw 
that, my heart sank. 

MALCOLM KALP (economics officer, at 
the ambassador's residence): As soon as the ter- 
rorists were in the house, they'd started writ- 
ing everywhere— over the walls, on the ceil- 
ing, on the lamp shades; they'd open a drawer 
and write in the drawers. Everywhere. "Death 
to the Shah!" "Death to Carter!" "Long live 
Khomeini!" I thought, "Boy, this is going to 
cost the American government a good bit of 
money to get this crock cleaned up." 

JOE HALL (warrant officer, at the ambassa- 
dor's residence): One smart-alecky guy came 
up and took my shoe off. He reached under 
the television and pulled the cord out of the 
wall, doubled the cord up, and slapped me 
across the bottom of my foot with the cord. 
He said, "This is the way the Shah's army tor- 
tured innocent Iranians." That first day or 
two there was a lot going on. They knew we 
were powerless, and they were enjoying it to 
the fullest. 

BARRY ROSEN (press attache, at the ambas- 
sador's residence): I was sitting in the cook 
quarters when an Iranian woman came in to 
interrogate me. She was wearing her revolu- 
tionary garb, which was not a chador, but 
was sort of the Mujihadin outfit for women— 
brown pants, a baggy shirt, and handkerchief 
covering her face so that all I could see were 
her eyes. Her attitude suggested that I was 
some sort of evil character, and immediately 
she annoyed the hell out of me. She made all 
kinds of ridiculous accusations about the 
United States, and asked me what my job 

I said, "I'm the press officer in the embassy." 

She said, "No, this is a lie. You are C.I.A.!" 
Then she went into a tirade about how the 
C.I. A. had destroyed Iran, and how I had 
destroyed Iran. You know— I did it. I was per- 
sonally responsible for all of the evil in the 
world. She got really worked up, and went on 

and on with her radical rhetoric and ridicu- 
lous accusations. 

Well, there was a great big bottle of scotch 
in the room and without even thinking about 
what I was doing, I reached into the bureau 
and pulled out this gallon of scotch. I told 
her that she needed to calm down, and hold- 
ing the bottle toward her, asked if she would 
like a drink. To a devout Moslem, that was an 
extreme insult. She became incensed, and 
all of a sudden a bunch of men came storm- 
ing into the room. One of them pushed me 
up against the wall. They roughed me up, 
berated me, and accused me of insulting 
Iranian womanhood. 

ENGELMANN (supply corps officer, at the 
Mushroom Inn): After all the excitement of 
Christmas, I think a lot of people had their 
hopes up for a release, and when those ex- 
pectations weren't realized, they went into a 
depression. So I just took it one day at a time. 
I'd wake up in the morning and say, "Okay, 
one more day." 

I had some aluminum foil from the back of 
a Gelucil tablet, and I'd use the tooth of my 
comb to etch a mark onto the aluminum foil. 
That way I could keep track of the days, and 
if the Iranians saw that I was writing some- 
thing, I'd be able to wad the aluminum foil 
up real quick so they couldn't read it. It would 
just become a piece of trash. So I kept track 
of the days on this little piece of foil. I'd get 
up every morning and put another mark on 
the calendar. 

RICHARD QUEEN (consular officer, at 
the Mushroom Inn): Down in the Mushroom, 
I would escape by reliving my past, particu- 
larly my college days. The best years of my 
life were at Hamilton College, and those 
were the years that I relived. I would take an 
incident or an event and from my memory of 
that event, I would build a whole scenario 
around it: how things might have changed if 
I had done this or that. Some of my most 
basic fantasies revolved around a couple of 
women whom I'd had passionate crushes on. 
Unfortunately, because I was so painfully 
shy, none of those crushes ever came to fru- 
ition. But I would develop fantasies on what 
might have happened, and what life would 
be like if something had developed from 
those crushes. I knew who the people were, 
and what they looked like, and how they 
would probably react. So I used them to con- 
struct scenarios. I withdrew from reality that 
way, by building a world out of my past. 

(Marine security guard): As Easter approached, 
Al [Golacinski] and I knew that we were 
going to have a religious service on Easter 
Sunday with American clergymen like they 
had done on Christmas. The guards told us 
they were coming. We decided to try and 
pass a note to one of the religious leaders. 
Each of us wrote out a note on the inside of a 


chewing gum wrapper that said we wanted 
the American people to know that some 
truly inhumane treatment was taking place: 
Hostages were being kept in solitary confine- 
ment, sanitary conditions were terrible, and 
we were continually being blindfolded and 
handcuffed. Basically, we wanted them to 
know that the situation the students set up 
for the television cameras was not an accur- 
ate indication of the way we were being 
treated. We were living in a hell hole, and we 
wanted to have something done to get us out 
of there. 

We folded the notes up real tight. I was 
wearing a pair of dark blue slacks that had a 
tear in the cuff, and we hid the notes inside 
the cuff of my pants until it was time for the 
Easter service. 

security guard, in Shiraz): We didn't know that 
a rescue mission had failed. But I kept a diary 
and when we got to Shiraz, I wrote down 
everything that had happened. Then a 
couple of weeks later one of the guards came 
in with a Time magazine and showed us some 
pictures of the crash site and the eight men 
who had died in the rescue attempt. They 
wouldn't let us read the article. They just 
flashed the pictures in front of our faces and 
told us that Secretary of State Vance had 
resigned. They also said that if the United 
States tried any kind of military interven- 
tion, they were going to kill us right away. 
They told us that several times. 

(Marine security guard): In the prison, the 
Iranians had a little TV room where they 
used to show TV videos. We had a bunch of 
tapes at the embassy before we were taken. 
They were just series type TV shows— 
Bamaby ]ones or M*A*S*H, stuff like that. 

The Iranians would come in once or twice 
a week and take us down to another cell to 
watch TV videos. I went the first time or two, 
and after that I didn't go anymore. The guards 
would come in and I'd say, "I don't want to go. 
I want to stay here. I don't want to see those 
things." So everybody else would go, and I'd 
stay in the cell. I really didn't want to see that 
stuff. I'd been a prisoner for a long time and 
I'd adapted to it. When they started showing 
us TV shows that had been filmed in the 
United States, it didn't seem real to me— 
didn't seem real at all. It didn't depress me, 
but at the same time I didn't want to be re- 
minded of home. I didn't want to see all the 
cars and the women and the people having a 
good time. So I didn't go to see those things. 
I liked it better in the cell. 

ENGELMANN (naval supply officer): Even 
though the Iranians were trying to seal us off 
from any news coming in from the outside, 
we did manage to get a few bits of informa- 
tion by communicating with other hostages 
or by reading everything that came into our 

"When I got on that 

plane, it was a feeling of 

overwhelming joy and 

shock, and it didn't take 

long for that feeling of 

joy to turn into a crying 



cell. In the prison, the Iranians used to give 
us copies of The Sporting News, and that was 
how we first learned about the death of the 
Shah. There was an article in there about a 
golf match, and in the article there was a sen- 
tence that said television coverage of the golf 
match had been interrupted because of the 
death of the Shah. That was it. Just one little 
sentence buried in the text of an article, but 
it was a sentence that told us a lot... 

We learned about the rescue mission in a 
similar way. I had received a letter from a 
friend in New York, and in the letter she had 
enclosed some New York Times crossword 
puzzles. On the back of one of those puzzles 
was a portion of a TV listing. We were so 
starved for news that we'd read anything— 
even old TV listings. We passed our letters 
around the cell and shared them with each 
other. It was Steve Lauterbach who read the 
back of my crossword puzzle. The four of us 
were sitting there when Steve gasped and 
said, "You're not going to believe this." Then 
he was speechless. He literally could not 
talk. I was thinking, "That must be one hell 
of a crossword puzzle, Steve." 

Then he showed us what he had found in 
the TV listing. It said there was going to be a 
network special which dealt with the C.I.A. 
from 1952 through the aborted hostage res- 
cue mission in Iran. That was big news. It was 
the first time we knew that an attempt had 
been made to get us out. 

attache, at Evin Prison): Holding us hostage 
was drudgery for the students, too. One guy 
came into my cell and he was talking about 
the war, and how things were not good. Then 
all of a sudden he said, "You're going home in 
a week or two." 

Mike Metrinko was allowed to come over 
and visit me in my cell, and Mike was in 
there, too. We both said, "Naw, it won't 

He said, "It must happen. I am leaving. In 
one week, I'm going to be married." 

So a couple of weeks passed, and this fellow 
was still there. I chatted with him again and 
asked, "Did you get married?" 


"Where is your wife?" 

"She has gone to the war." 

1 guess that's the way it was for them. All of 
the glory was gone. The luster and fun, the 
headlines and celebrity status of the whole 
thing had faded. This guy had just got mar- 
ried, and immediately his wife went off to 
the war. 

BILL BELK (communications officer): I was 
in no mood to sing any goddam songs, and I 
didn't want to pretend that I was buddy- 
buddy with any of the clergymen that the 
Iranians brought into Iran. So I didn't really 
want to go to the Christmas service. But I 
hadn't gone a year earlier because of my escape 
attempt, and I wasn't part of the Easter thing. 
I'd never been in front of their TV cameras, 
and I knew that my mail wasn't getting out 
because I wasn't receiving any. So I knew 
that I had never been heard from or seen by 
anyone in the United States. I assumed that 
my wife and my two boys were probably think- 
ing that I might be dead. Even though I 
didn't want to go to the Christmas service, it 
was something that I felt I had to do for my 
family. If there was a chance that they would 
see the film clips, then I had to be there. 

MALCOLM KALP (economics officer): I 
was sitting there and this terrorist hands me 
an English language newspaper that is pub- 
lished in Tehran. The headline is: "Hostages 
To Be Released." 

He asked, "What do you think of that?" 

I said, "That's beautiful." 

He said, "Mr. Kalp, before you are released 
we want you to make a statement." 

"No. No way. I have not made a statement 
yet, and I'm not going to make one now." 

"Why not?" 

"Because I haven't anything good to say 
about you people." 

Then he wanted to know, "Are you going 
to make any statements after you are released?" 

I said, "Absolutely." 

"What will you say?" 

I laughed and told him, "You just watch 
and see." 

JOHN LIMBERT (political officer): As I 
walked across the tarmac, there was a group 
lined up there chanting anti-American slo- 
gans. I thought that was really a sad way for 
them to end the ordeal. I remember think- 
ing, "They can't even show a little class when 
they let us go." If they'd had any class at all, 
they would have given us flowers and shaken 
our hands. But they couldn't even do that. 
Walking across the tarmac, I remember think- 
ing, "What a half-ass group this is." 

MALCOLM KALP (economics officer): 
When I got on that plane it was a feeling of 
total euphoria and shock. I knew exactly 
where I was and exactly what was happening— 


but it was sort of like I was suspended in a 
world of disbelief. Here were all these people 
who I hadn't seen in fourteen and a half 
months. They were all sitting right there. It 
was beautiful. There was a feeling of over- 
whelming joy and shock, and it didn't take 
long for that feeling of joy to turn into a cry- 
ing binge. 

ity guard): At long last it was over. We were 
out. After a few minutes of talking to my 
father back home in Illinois, he asked me if I 
wanted to talk to anyone else. I thought that 
maybe a couple of our relatives had come 
over to the house, so I said, "Sure, let me talk 
to everybody who's there." 

He laughed and said, "Paul, there are well 
over 200 people in the house." A lot of the 
neighbors had come over to watch our release 
on TV. It wasn't a planned celebration or 
anything like that— people just started show- 
ing up with food and champagne. 

DON HOHMAN (Army medic): I remem- 
ber the day we got back to the States was the 
day of the Super Bowl. After we got checked 
into our hotel room, the first thing I did was 
get a couple of bottles of wine, and my wife 
and I settled in to watch the Super Bowl. 
That was nice. We'd talk, and drink our wine, 
and watch the football game. 

That was the year the Oakland Raiders 
beat the Philadelphia Eagles. After the game 
was over, I called the Oakland locker room. I 
told the operator who I was, and she put the 
call through. I wanted to talk to the Oakland 
quarterback, Jim Plunkett, and somebody in 
the locker room called him over to the phone. 
I told him that I was a hostage who had just 
returned to America, and I said, "Watching 
you play really made me feel good. I'm a Cali- 
fornian and I was cheering for you all the 
way. You were great." 

He said, "Well, we won that one for you. 
That Super Bowl is for the hostages." 

CHERI HALL (wife of]oe Hall): There's an 
interesting story about the number 444. It's 
an uncommon number, and not one you'd 
expect to see very often. But Joe sees it all the 
time. He'll look up at the digital clock, and it 
will be reading 4:44, or he'll be driving along 
and glance down at the odometer just as it 
flips up 444, or he'll be standing by a trophy 
case and see an award for Troop 444 of the 
Boy Scouts. He can check a price tag, or be 
reading an article in a magazine and that 
combination of digits will jump out at him. I 
mean he sees 444 all the time. And I tell 
him, "Hey, Joe, you know what that is, don't 
you? That's God tapping you on the shoulder. 
He's saying, 'This is your own personal miracle.' 
It's a miracle that you all got out alive." ■ 

From 444 Days, Copyright ® 1985 by Tim 
WeUs. Reprinted try permission ofHarcourt Brace 
]ovanovich, Inc. 

In fighting international 
terrorism, nations have to 
be sensitive to questions 
of international law. Is it possi- 
ble to wage the fight and still 
follow the letter of the law? 
And might a policy of anti- 
terrorism open the door to in- 
ternational lawlessness? A. 
Kenneth Pye, Samuel Fox 
Mordecai Professor of Law, 
offers an expert view. Pye, 
who has been university 
chancellor, law school dean, 
and university counsel, joined 
Duke in 1966. Formerly direc- 
tor of Duke's Center for Inter- 
national Studies, he teaches 
courses in criminal and civil 
procedures. This semester he 
is offering a seminar on "Legal 
Implications of the Control of 
Terrorism." Pye has been 
active in promoting foreign 
exchanges, and is chairman of 
the Council for the Interna- 
tional Exchange of Scholars, 
which is associated with the 
Fulbright program. 

QIs there any chance of 

PYE: In 1972, the United 
States attempted to obtain 
U.N. acquiescence to a con- 
vention that would outlaw ter- 
rorism. And the Third World 
states in general refused to go 
along with anything that 
would not exempt conduct 
pursuant to a war of national 
liberation or pursuant to an 
act of self-determination. 

That is not to say that we 
can't deal with terrorism in 
the international arena; and 
we can deal with it in either of 
two ways. The first is by multi- 
national convention among 
those nations which share a 
common understanding of 
what it is. An example is the 
European Convention for the 
Suppression of Terrorism, in 

ten out as a defense. The 
second way is dealing with 
specific acts on which a 
general consensus can be 
achieved, such as aircraft hi- 
jacking or hostage taking - 
individual acts that can be 
branded as inappropriate with- 
out regard to the definition of 
terrorism. Even here, you may 
be faced with a nation that 
doesn't wish to apply these 
conventions to acts with 
which it has sympathy- 
sympathy for the ends sought 
if not for the means utilized to 
achieve them. This occurs 
particularly when we are deal- 
ing with some Third World 
countries that do not wish to 
extradite people who are 
regarded as being involved in 
a war of national liberation to 
establish a Palestinian home- 
land. But in no way is it 
peculiar to them. 

One of the major countries 
with which we have difficulty 
is France, which declined to 
extradite one of the leaders of 
the Munich massacre. And 
one of the leading offenders is 
the United States: We have a 
series of court decisions refus- 
ing to extradite members of 
the IRA to the United 
Kingdom. There are other 
nations which as a matter of 
policy rarely extradite anyone, 
Israel being an example. The 
best we've been able to do is to 
try to write into these conven- 
tions a provision that if there 
is a prima facie case that the 
accused has violated the con- 
vention, he should either be 
extradited or he should be 
tried. This was, however, the 
kind of problem that escalated 
in the Achille Lauro affair: 
The Egyptians had signed a 
convention to which the 
United States was a party, did 
not turn the terrorists over to 
the United States, and were 
permitting them to go to 
Tunisia, resulting, then, in our 
action in forcing the Egyptian 

The United States does not 
come into this area, however, 
with totally clean hands in the 
matter of law— although per- 
haps cleaner than most in the 
matter of morals. There's a 
case of a hijacker who, in 
seeking freedom in the West- 
ern world, forced an Eastern 
bloc aircraft to land in West 
Berlin. And we engaged in 
what some would regard as a 
charade— impaneling a jury of 
West Germans, sending over a 
federal district court judge, 
suppressing evidence under 
the American Constitution, 
and ending up acquitting the 
defendant. It's a little difficult 
to work these things out when 

countries feel so deeply about 
the end that the particular 
offender is seeking to achieve. 

OIn deciding on i 
tion against terrorists, 
should we follow strict rules of 

PYE: Within the United 
States we clearly have no 
authority to retaliate. When 
we arrest, we must do so 
according to our rules of doing 
things. There is no justifica- 
tion for arresting without 
probable cause or stopping 
without reasonable suspicion 
or searching except when 
authorized by the courts. 
When we are dealing abroad, I 
do not think there is any need 
to rely on the rules of evi- 
dence. The rules of evidence 
were created for a totally dif- 
ferent purpose - to provide 
protection to litigants. 

There have been occasions 
in which the United States 
has violated international law, 
and I have to ask myself, is the 
world a better place for it hav- 
ing done so? And if it is, I may 
reach the conclusion that if 
not justified, the act is under- 
standable. When we're talking 
about invasion of another 
country or assassination of 
another leader, or kidnapping 
the citizens of a nation with 
which we are not at war, these 
are far more important acts 
and involve far more import- 
ant policy decisions. The 
same could be said of so-called 
surgical strikes on an 

OIs it appropriate for gov- 
ernments to negotiate 
with terrorists? 

PYE: What's the alternative? 
You can go in there and try to 
shoot it out. You can leave 
and not do anything. Or you 
can negotiate. There is a level 
of principle beyond which 
you cannot go as a nation. If 
we're talking about allowing 
another sovereign state to 
allow murderers to be free as 
the price of obtaining the free- 
dom of some of your own citi- 
zens, this may not be wise or 
prudent. It's a terrible thing as 
far as the citizens who are 
held hostage are concerned, 
but once you engage in that 
kind of concession in the 
negotiation, then there is no 
reason to think that there will 
not be more hostages taken. 
What you concede in the 
negotiation is something quite 
apart from the question of 
whether you are prepared to 



Vienna, Rome, Paris— once cities 
that produced visions of plea- 
sure, now just the latest entries 
on the ever-growing list of ter- 
rorist targets. What are the forces that pro- 
duced terrorism, what are our chances in the 
fight against terrorism, and how may that 
fight change us as a society? Here, the views 
of two experts: Bruce Kuniholm, associate 
professor in Duke's Institute of Policy Sciences 
and Public Affairs, and Robin Wright, senior 
journalist in residence at the institute. 

Before returning to Duke in 1980, Kuniholm 
Ph.D'76 was a member of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of State's Policy Planning Staff responsi- 
ble for Near Eastern and South Asian 
Affairs. He has written extensively on 
American foreign policy in the Middle East 
and on Arab-Israeli affairs. His most recent 
book: The Palestinian Problem and U.S. Policy. 
Wright has been a foreign correspondent for 
The Sunday Times of London, CBS News, 
The Washington Post, and The Christian 
Science Monitor, covering more than sixty 
countries in the Middle East, Africa, Europe, 
Asia, and Latin America. She came to Duke 
in 1984, after reporting from Beirut for four 
years. Her 1985 book, Sacred Page: The Wrath 
of Militant Islam, was hailed as "must 
reading... for all who want to understand the 
fanatical violence of the Middle East" by the 
New York Times' Anthony Lewis. 

Q Can we define today's brand of terrorism 
as something truly new and different? 

WRIGHT: There are different kinds of ter- 
rorism in the world right now, and there is no 
single monolithic force at work. There is one 
new brand of terrorist, the suicide terrorist, 
that has changed both the approach and the 
dimensions of terrorism in the world today. 
But terrorism is by no means new; just with 
modern weaponry, its effect can be so much 
more devastating now. 

KUNIHOLM: Terrorism goes back for cen- 
turies. A lot of the people who look at it find 
it extremely difficult to differentiate between 
what a military operation is and what a ter- 
rorist action is. A lot depends on the relative 
access to power one has and the political 
motives involved. With the increasing vulner- 
ability of our society, increasing interdepen- 
dence, and the technological means to affect 
that interdependence— through the hijacking 
of planes and even the potential some years in 
the future of using small nuclear weapons— 
there's a change in the dimension of terror 
and a change in magnitude. But it is an old 
phenomenon, and there is something to be 
said for the argument used by moral relativ- 
ists that one man's freedom fighter is another 
man's terrorist. 

WRIGHT: There are many experts in the 
U.S. who will argue very vehemently that 
terrorism is one of the most misunderstood 
and poorly defined words in the English lan- 
guage. And there are many terrorists in the 
world who genuinely don't believe that the 
violence for which they are responsible is ter- 
rorism. They look at it as acts of revenge, or 
retaliation, or in defense of their faith, for 
the Shia, or in defense of their homeland, for 
the Palestinians. 

KUNIHOLM: It seems to me that there 
are distinctions to be made among terrorists. 
For extremist or hard-core terrorists, there is 
relatively little popular support; and they 
should be differentiated from national popular 
movements, which have an enormous amount 
of support within particular societies, and 
from terrorists supported by states. 

WRIGHT: I'd make a distinction, too, 
among those who use violence as a first resort 
and those who use it as a last resort. There 
are many terrorists who do not act out of 
strength but act out of weakness and frustra- 
tion, and they feel there's no other alternative. 

Q Has the media encouraged terrorism by 
giving such prominence to the acts of 
WRIGHT: Absolutely not. The media is 

r^-^J^^ exactly what it says it 

MM Wmv is— a medium for com- 

munication. Before 
TWA 847 last summer, 
how many Americans 
were aware that there 
were 776 Shia being 
held in Israeli jails, 
which the U.S. had 
actually condemned but which wasn't a 
major story? They were desperate; and I 
think there were many people who then 
understood— maybe not agreed with, but 
understood, at least, why it was happening. 
In 1979, the media was terribly irresponsi- 
ble; it was so preoccupied with the Iranian 
hostage situation that it didn't report the 
revolution. It would have been useful if in- 

Media message: a TWA hijacker stows his gun and pre- 
pares to meet the press 

stead the media had focused on the dynam- 
ics and the developments within the revolu- 
tion rather than just standing outside the 
U.S. Embassy. And that's one of the reasons 
that Americans by and large didn't under- 
stand the importance, the magnitude of that 
revolution and how it could change history. 
By 1985, the media had grown up and begun 
to understand that the Shiite phenomenon 
was a major one in the region and had to be 
understood in order to cope with it realistically. 
KUNIHOLM: I think you have to be very 
thoughtful about putting constraints on the 
media. We can exhort the media to act more 
responsibly, and we can debate among our- 
selves what responsible means, but I find it 
difficult to draw lines between what they can 
and can't do. 

Q Is terrorism an inevitable part of modern 
KUNIHOLM: Terrorism is something like 
crime. You have crime 
and you're not going to 
get rid of crime. If you 
become obsessed with 
it, you can undermine 
the very roots of your 
own society. When 
you're talking about 
extremists like the 
Meinhof Gang in Germany and 
others, one can address the problem through 
informants, through technical means, through 
active surveillance, through security to pre- 
vent and deter. On the other hand, if you're 
talking about national movements, the 
United States has to address them in their 
proper context, and also has to recognize 
that we ourselves have a role to play in the 

If you look at Lebanon, what we remember 
is our Marines getting blown up, and that's a 
terrible thing. The question is, how did that 
come about? One answer is, after the Israeli 
invasion, the United States, by putting its 
people in there and by supporting a regime 
which did not have legitimacy in Lebanon as 
a whole— by lobbing artillery shells and in- 
viting retaliation— created a situation that 
at least contributed to the Marines becom- 
ing a target. 

WRIGHT: Most acts of terrorism aren't 
carried out sheerly for violence. There is, as 
Bruce pointed out, a cause behind most of 
the acts. Unfortunately, the U.S. has tended 
to respond only to the effects— reacting and 
not dealing with the root causes. That's a big 
problem: We tend to substitute passion for 

Q Is it realistic to try to sort out the root 
causes of terrorism amid all the complexities 
of the Middle East? 


WRIGHT: I don't think it is possible to 
eliminate terrotism unless we look at the 
root causes. We all felt a sense of euphotia 
after the four men were dramatically inter- 
cepted following last September's Achille 
Lauro hijacking. They will be brought to 
justice in Italy. Fine: But at the same time, 
we do not eliminate the root causes behind 
crime simply by nabbing four street muggers. 

KUNIHOLM: I think it's important to 
emphasize that neither of us is a bleeding 
heart who sympathizes with terrorists. But in 
the complex rules of international affairs, to 
the extent that we do get involved, as we did 
in Lebanon, we have to expect we're going to 
be in a very risky situation— whose complex 
terms we must understand. It's interesting to 
speculate about whether we may have a prob- 
lem in the coming years in South Africa, and 
the extent to which our support, de facto or 
not, for apartheid will lead to terrorist acts 
against us. 

Q Is there a psychological profile of the 
typical terrorist? 

WRIGHT: I think there is a common 
denominator among a lot of them. The basic 
emotion is one of frustration— deep frustra- 
tion. Oftentimes fear. And just as I as an 
American walk the streets of Beirut in deep 
fear of my plane being hijacked or my build- 
ing being blown up or some other American 
target being hit, so too does the average 
Iranian, for example, live in constant fear of 
the United States' trying to either attack or 
put the Shah's son back on the throne, as the 
US. did in 1953. While the U.S. wipes the 
slate clean every four years, they have longer 

"The US. has tended to 

respond only to the 

effects of tenorism— 

reacting and not dealing 

with the root causes. We 

tend to substitute passion 

for policy." 


KUNIHOLM: I'm sure there are some ter- 
rorists who are just plain thugs, but there is 
evidence, too, that violence is the ultimate 
reaction to total frustration. 

Q What about the victims of terrorism? 

WRIGHT: I think increasingly you see the 
innocent citizens of whatever country be- 
coming the victim, because governments 
and military units have the resources to pro- 
tect themselves. 

KUNIHOLM: People strike at those they 
can reach. And those whom we regard as 
innocent are not regarded as innocent by 
those who perpetrate acts against them. 
Whether we conceive of them as legitimate 
or not, they see, given the injustices that 
they feel and the grievances that they have, 
no one as being innocent. They would look 

on what the Israelis did in Southern Lebanon 
in 1982 as state-sponsored terrorism; and 
they find it hard to make the kinds of distinc- 
tions that some of us do just because we look 
on power when wielded by a nation as being 
in a different context. 

Q Do terrorist states exist? 

WRIGHT: In the case of Iran, which the 
administration has pointed to quite often, it 
is more often state-inspired terrorism. Indeed, 
there is very strong circumstantial evidence 
that they have provided weaponry and train- 
ing to men who carried out the acts, or pro- 
vided the means for men to be trained. 

KUNIHOLM: I think there is some state- 
sponsored terrorism. There's no doubt that 
Qaddafi has done so, there's no doubt the 
Israelis have done so, certainly the Soviet 
Union has done so; and we know that in the 
past there were occasions where the United 
States was not without sin in this issue either— 
attempts to knock off Castro in the Sixties, 
for example. But if something is sponsored or 
supported by the state, it is very difficult to 
find out at what level someone supported it. 

WRIGHT: It's hard for me to accept that 
in Iran anyone at a high level in government 
actually plotted the bombing of the Marine 
compound, or that Qaddafi actually said to 
Abu Nidal, the Palestinian renegade, go 
attack Israeli or American targets in Europe. 
That's why I draw a distinction between state 
sponsored and state inspired. I think that in 
many cases states are backing movements 
that are responsible for terrorism. But to say- 
that they are actually sponsoring terrorism— 
that is, masterminding terrorism— is some- 
thing else. 


President Reagan held a press conference 
after the attacks on the Rome and Vienna 
airports and said Qaddafi was responsible. I 
know what our intelligence capability is in 
the Middle East from my exposure to the 
region, and it is very limited. A lot of times 
our intelligence sources are, at best, second 
rate, and sometimes third and fourth hand. 
So sometimes we rely on others who have 
something to gain by promoting their own 

KUNIHOLM: I would accept that it is 
improbable that Qaddafi himself knew per- 
sonally or masterminded the terrorist activi- 
ty. On the other hand, there is clearly good 
evidence that leaders such as Qaddafi support 
the existence of training camps for terrorists 
in their countries. It would be helpful, to the 
extent that our government has evidence— 
and I suspect that it does in some cases— for 
it to come out with it. 

Q Will terror be seen increasingly, even by 
the great powers, as a cheap and effective 
substitute for warfare? 

WRIGHT: I think that's been true for a 
while, even in some acts by the United 
States— mining Nicaraguan harbors, trying 
to eliminate Castro. There was a story in the 
Washington Post last year about the U.S. 
plotting to lure Qaddafi out of Libya so he 
could be eliminated during a coup d'etat. The 
danger is we're thinking along the level of 
the terrorists themselves. 

KUNIHOLM: Depending on who you call 
a terrorist and what you count as a terrorist 
activity, there have always been struggles 
within local and regional areas for control 
and power. And those struggles are variously 
categorized as legitimate or illegitimate. 

WRIGHT: One of the dangers is not so 
much in the growth of terrorist movements 
themselves as much as in the growing sym- 
pathy among those who were once neutral 
on the issue. We've seen this particularly in 
the Middle East. People are saying increas- 
ingly that we condone your goals, your 
motives, even if we don't go along with your 
violent tactics. 

KUNIHOLM: One of the problems we 
confront as a nation is how we respond to ter- 
rorism. On the one hand, the notion is you 
should never give in, you should take a hard 
line, and you should retaliate or repress; and, 
on the other hand, some argue that you 
should negotiate. And in either case you've 
got a problem. If you retaliate and repress, 
part of the problem is, retaliate against 
whom? It's not always clear that we're even 
able to figure it out. So in that case we give 
some legitimacy to terrorism, because people 
see us as acting irresponsibly, striking out 
against innocents. That's one possibility. 
The other is if we negotiate and are seen to 
be appeasing, we'll simply be hit with more 
demands and a greater problem. 

"People strike at those 
they can reach. Given 
the injustices that they 
feel and the grievances 
that they have, they see 
no one as being 


Free at last: TWA hostage Victor Amburgy gets a joyous 
welcome home 

Q How would you characterize the U.S. 
response to terrorism? 

WRIGHT: The Reagan administration 
right down the line has said there will be 
justice, whether it was three years ago in 
Lebanon or more recently in Rome and 
Vienna. What they're really talking about is 
revenge; and revenge is not justice. I think 
we're really in danger— as a moral nation, as a 
democracy— of violating our own rule of law. 
Economic sanctions have never been effec- 
tive, and a military threat is only going to 
escalate the cycle of violence by polarizing 
people and drawing in new recruits. Violence 
is not only going to be a violation of our own 
principles, it's not going to be an effective 
means of dealing with the phenomenon. 

KUNIHOLM: Someone characterized 
the Reagan administration's policy toward 
terrorism as speaking stickly but carrying a 
big soft. It seems to me that's not misrepre- 

senting what they've done. There's been an 
enormous amount of rhetoric and, in fact, 
we've done relatively little. The measures 
that they've taken— for embassy security, air- 
port security— are all necessary and desirable. 
But those are only deterrents. Even though 
we've said we will not negotiate, in fact many 
people suspect we have negotiated. I think 
we should be very thoughtful about our 
declared policies and the extent to which 
our actual policies coincide with them. My 
own sense is, the less rhetoric, the better, and 
people are going to judge us ultimately by our 
acts and not by our rhetoric. 

Q Should the United States try to seek some 
international consensus against terrorism? 

KUNIHOLM: I think that consensus can 
be reached on some things -better exchange 
of intelligence, other preventive and deter- 
rent steps. When you talk about the larger 
issues, though, you have a problem. That's 
because we don't see eye to eye on the politi- 
cal dimensions of some terrorist activities. 

WRIGHT: The interesting thing to me is 
the issue of evidence. Immediately after the 
Reagan administration labeled Qaddafi as 
responsible for masterminding the Rome 
and Vienna attacks, the European govern- 
ments—including the Austrian and Italian 
governments— said they had no evidence to 
support that. 

KUNIHOLM: Obviously the European 
countries are much more reluctant to join in 
a consensus because they rely so much on oil 
imports. So there's an economic factor in- 
volved. But there is a political factor, too. We 
don't see eye to eye politically. There is the 
Euro-Arab dialogue that took off in the after- 
math of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. There's a 
European consensus on the Palestinian issue 
that is not shared with the United States. 

Q In the arena of public opinion, aren't the 
terrorists hurting their own cause? 

KUNIHOLM: They are and they aren't. 
One could argue that, from an Israeli point 
of view, Zionist terrorism eliminated the 
British. One could argue that, from a Pales- 
tinian point of view, without the terrorist 
acts perpetrated by Fatah, particularly after 
the 1967 war, there never would have been 
the kind of international recognition for the 
PLO that there has been. When you say hurt 
their cause, I think you're talking about this 
country; and for this country, you're probably 
right. Internationally, I'm not so sure. There 
are different groups that have different 
agendas. The agenda of some of the more 
extremist factions is to bring down all the 
moderate, or so-called moderate elements in 
the Middle East. And to the extent that 
their actions alienate us from the moderates 
and we respond in kind to terrorism, that 
furthers their cause. ■ 

—Robert]. Bitwise and Susan Bloch 






ary Duke Biddle Trent Semans 
'39, who chairs The Duke Endow- 
ment, will receive the 1986 Dis- 
tinguished Alumni Award. The award pre- 
sentation is part of the May 4 commencement 

Established by the General Alumni Asso- 
ciation in 1982, the award recognizes alumni 
who have distinguished themselves by con- 
tributions made in their own fields of work, 
in service to the university, or in the better- 
ment of humanity. Semans was selected from 
a field of twenty-nine nominations. 

Born in New York City, Semans attended 
the Hewitt School. She was a history major 
at Duke and was elected to White Duchy, a 
women's honorary society. A Duke trustee 
emerita who makes her home in Durham, 
she has been active in all phases of local life, 
serving on hospital, library, governmental, 
social service, church, and civic boards. She 
was mayor pro-tem from 1953 to 1955. 

Semans is a generalist with broad interests 
in the arts, the medical and other sciences, 
education, government, social services, 
humanitarian projects, family life, history, 
philanthropy, health care, aid to the physi- 
cally and economically disadvantaged, youth 
work, international relations, business, and 

One of the incorporators of the North 
Carolina Society for the Prevention of Blind- 
ness, she was active in establishing, as a 
member of the Building Commission for the 
North Carolina Museum of Art, the Mary 
Duke Biddle Gallery for the Blind. The gal- 
lery contains original pieces of sculpture and 
other types of art that can be experienced 
through the sense of touch. 

In 1960, Semans was a recipient, along 
with her husband, Dr. James H. Semans, of 
the first Humanitarian-Freedom Award, 
given by the Durham chapter of Hadassah. 
She also received the National Brotherhood 
Award in 1969, presented by the National 
Conference of Christians and Jews for "dis- 
tinguished service in the field of human rela- 
tions"; and the North Carolina Award in 
1971 and the Morrison Award in 1973 for 
contributions to the fine arts. In addition to 

her leadership of The Duke Endowment, she 
is vice chairman, and chairman emerita, of 
the Mary Duke Biddle Foundation, a philan- 
thropic organization founded by her mother. 

She is the granddaughter of Benjamin N. 
Duke, who was the son of Washington Duke 
and the brother of James B. Duke— all uni- 
versity benefactors. 

Semans has been awarded honorary degrees 
by North Carolina Central University, Elon 
College, Davidson College, North Carolina 
Wesleyan College, and the University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Duke awarded 
her an honorary degree in 1983 , the year she 
gave the commencement address. 

For Duke's $200-million Capital Campaign 
for the Arts and Sciences, Semans chairs the 
Committee on Foundation Gifts, is commit- 
tee co-chair for the Nancy Hanks Endow- 
ment for the Arts, and is a committee mem- 
ber for the William M. Blackburn Endow- 
ment for Imaginative Writing. 

Nominations for the 1987 Distinguished 
Alumni Award can be made on a special form 
available from the alumni affairs office. The 
deadline is September 1. lb receive a form, 
write Barbara Pattishall, Associate Director, 
Alumni House, 614 Chapel Drive, Durham, 
North Carolina 27706; or call collect, in 
North Carolina, (919) 684-5114, or toll free 
1-800-FOR-DUKE, outside North Carolina. 



2 DUMAA (New York City)- 

3 ATLANTA-Thirsty Thursday at 

7 ROCKY MOUNT-Dinner with foot- 
ball Coach Steve Sloan 

10 CHICAGO-Fuqua Alumni lunch- 
eon with Professor Arie Lewin 

—Duke Alumni Club reception with 
Arie Lewin 

11 INDIANAPOLIS -Reception with 
Fuqua Professor Arie Lewin 

17 CHARLOTTE- Spring luncheon 

with Duke biochemist James Siedow 
21 DUMAA- Reception for accepted 

23 DUMAA-Annual business meeting 
TBA MIAMI — Intercoastal Waterway 


alumni dinner 


1 ATLANTA-Thirsty Thursday at 

3 DUMAA (New Jersey)-Alumni 

Day at the Races" 


TBA BALTIMORE -Summer party 

TBA SEATTLE-Cocktail party with 
Yale alumni 

TBA BOSTON -Annual dinner meet- 
ing, with writer Peter Maas '49 


1 WILMINGTON, DEL.-Annual picnic 

5 ATLANTA-Thirsty Thursday at 

6 DUMAA-Annual Manhattan cruise 
10 LOS ANGELES -Dinner with Trin- 
ity Dean Richard White 

Annual dinner, with Trinity Dean Richard 

20 DUMAA-Annual club president's 

TBA ATLANTA-Summer picnic 
TBA SEATTLE -Annual river rafting 
TBA NASHVILLE-Summer picnic 


3 ATLANTA-Thirsty Thursday at 


7 BOSTON -Annual clambake 
7 ATLANTA-Thirsty Thursday at 

TBA ATLANTA-Chastain Park 



6 CHICAGO -Pregame football recep- 
tion for Duke vs. Northwestern 

13 ATLANTA-Bus trip to Athens for 
Duke vs. Georgia football 


4 NASHVILLE-Football reception for 
Duke vs. Vanderbilt 

25 HOMECOMING-Duke vs. Mary- 


1 ATLANTA-Pregame football recep- 
tion for Duke vs. Georgia Tech 
—Young alumni party 


TBA NASHVILLE-Cheekwood Man- 
sion Christmas party with other schools 

For more information, check your Duke Con- 
nection for phone number of club chairman 
nearest you, or call 1-800-FOR-DUKE; in 
North Carolina, call (919) 684-5114 collect. 


To mark the upcoming 200th anniver- 
sary of America's Constitution, the 
Alumni Affairs and Continuing Edu- 
cation offices are sponsoring a seminar in 
the "cradle of the nation," Charlottesville, 
Virginia, November 13-16. 

This Alumni College Weekend, with 
Duke law professors Walter E. Dellinger and 
A. Kenneth Pye, will focus on the historical, 
legal, social, and political factors that have 
kept the U.S. Constitution alive almost two 

Dellinger, who teaches courses on the ori- 
gins of the Constitution, has recently pub- 
lished articles on the process of amending 
the Constitution in the Harvard Law Review, 
Yak Law Journal, Law and Contemporary Yroh- 
lems, and Newsweek. He has lectured in Ger- 
many, Italy, Denmark, Belgium, and Brazil 
on American constitutional issues. 

Pye, Samuel Fox Mordecai Professor of 
Law, has been dean of the law school, twice 
Duke chancellor, and director of the Center 
for International Studies. He teaches courses 
in criminal and civil procedures and has 
been active in law reform. 

Judith Ruderman, director of continuing 
education, will host the weekend seminar. 
An author and lecturer in modern literature, 
she will discuss the literature of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. 

The Boar's Head Inn, in the Blue Ridge 
foothills, will provide classroom and living 
accommodations. Guests will have access to 
the exercise and sports facilities, as well as 
hot-air ballooning. The weekend package 
includes all meals, a welcoming reception 
and dinner, and guided tours to the Univer- 
sity of Virginia and Monticello, Thomas 
Jefferson's home. 

For more information, write Barbara 
DeLapp Booth '54, Alumni Colleges, 614 
Chapel Drive, Durham, North Carolina 
27706; or call collect, in North Carolina, 
(919) 684-5114, or toll free 1-800-FOR- 
DUKE, outside North Carolina. 


Write: Class Notes Editor, Alumni Affairs, 
Duke University, 614 Chapel Dr., Durham, N.C. 

News of alumni who have received grad- 
uate or professional degrees but did not 
attend Duke as undergraduates appears 
under the year in which the advanced 
degree was awarded. Otherwise the year 
designates the person's undergraduate 

20s & 30s 

George B. Johnson 76 started the annual 

Virginia Big Game Championships in 1940, and the 
trophy for the best deer bagged in Virginia has been 
named the George B. Johnson Award. He personally 
presented .the award for 1984 in Newport News and 
gave the principal address. He and his wife, Suzanne, 
live in Buffalo, Wyoming. 

A. Dixon Callihan A.M. '31 received a Distin- 
guished Alumni Award from Marshall University, 
Huntington, WVa., for his outstanding national 
achievements in nuclear physics. He worked on the 
Manhattan Project from 1942-45 and then served on 
the research staff of Union Carbide Corp.'s nuclear 
division until his retirement in 1973. From 1965 to 
1984, he was the editor of Nuclear Science and Engi- 
neering, a journal of the American Nuclear Society, 
an organization dedicated to the peaceful applications 
of nuclear energy. He lives in Oak Ridge, lenn. 

r Cox A.M. '31 is retiring after 34 years as 
director of the examinations service at the University 
of Nebraska at Lincoln. He will continue on a part- 
time basis as executive director of the annual high 
school mathematic 

Jerome S. Menaker '37, clinical professor of 
obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Kansas' 
medical school at Wichita, retired as director of 
undergraduate medical education for the department 
of obstetrics and gynecology. He will continue in a 
limited consulting private practice. 


If. Hitchcock R.N. '41 retired in October 
r of nursing at Rex Hospital in Raleigh, N.C. 

I T. Nau A.M. '42, Ph.D. '49 represented 
Duke in September at the inauguration of the presi- 
dent of Lees-McRae College in Banner Elk, N.C. 

Mary Canada A.M. '46, the head of the reference 
department at Duke, retired in June after 42 years of 

K. Goodman '47, president of Bruce K. 
Goodman & Co., Evanston, 111., was appointed chair 
of the Building Owners and Managers Association 
(BOMA) International's Special Purpose Buildings 
Division. BOMA International is the trade associa- 
tion representing the office building industry. 

A. Purnell Bailey B.Div. '48 delivered the Pierson 
Lectures at Mount Olive College, N.C, during the 
week of Oct. 14. He is the author of the daily syndi- 
cated column Daily Bread and the president of 
National Temple Ministries, Inc., Washington, DC. 

.S.M.E. '48 recently retired 
from NASA in Huntsville, Ala., after more than 35 
years. He was awarded three significant patents on 
obtaining very high purity propellant gases in support 
of NASA's lunar landings and the development of the 
space shuttle. 

Marcia Norcross Corbino '49 has opened 
Corbino Galleries, a fine arts gallery specializing in 
contemporary art, in Sarasota, Fla. A member of the 
International Association of Art Critics, she received 
an art critic's fellowship from the National Endow- 
ment for the Arts in 1980. 

James A. Howard LL.B. '49 represented Duke in 
November at the inauguration of the president of Old 
Dominion University in Norfolk, Va. 


J. Kenneth Eason '50 was elected to the Sanford, 
N.C., board of Wachovia Bank. 

Jane S. Kirk '50 represented Duke in December at 
the inauguration of the president of Lesley College in 
Cambridge, Mass. 

Garland Howard Allred B.Div. 52 was 
appointed a delegate to the World Methodist Con- 
ference, which will meet in July 1986 in Nairobi, 
Kenya. He serves as district superintendent of the 
northeast district of the Western North Carolina 
Conference of the United Methodist Church. 

'54 is the new bishop 
coadjutor of the Episcopal Church in the Oregon 
diocese. He and his wife, Jean Arthur Burcham 

'52, will live in Lake Oswego, Ore. 

Jane Morgan Franklin '55 is a co-author of 
Vietnam and America: A Documented History, pub- 
lished in October by Grove Press. She is the author of 
Cuban Foreign Relations: A Chronology, 1959-1982, 
published in 1984 by the Center for Cuban Studies in 
New York. She lives in Montclair, N.J. 

B. Gloyden Stewart Jr. '55 was appointed by 
North Carolina Gov. James Martin to serve on the 
State Goals and Policy Board. He is senior vice presi- 
dent in charge of corporate planning and investor 
relations with Branch Banking and Trust Co. in 
Wilson, NC. Stewart is also a director and vice presi- 
dent of the Bank Investor Relations Institute and of 
the N.C. Payments System. He and his wife, Patricia, 
have two sons. 

C. Block Ph.D. '56 represented Duke in 
October at the inauguration of the president of 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N.Y. 

Odessa "Mlki" Southern Elliott 56 is a spe 

cial projects associate on the executive staff of the 
Grants Program of Trinity Parish, N.Y. In October, she 
and her husband, Joseph, celebrated their 26th year at 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church in the South Bronx. 

Geoffrey K. Walters Ph.D. '56 represented Duke 
in October at the inauguration of the president of 
Rice University in Houston, Texas. 

H. Bernard "Bunny" Blaney '57 is the assistant 
manager of Sportime Racquet and Athletic Club in 
Greensboro, N.C. His wife, Etta Lou Apple 

Blaney '56, M.Ed. '60 is teaching in the Western 
Rockingham city schools and serves as a district secre- 
tary for the N.C. Association of Educators and the 
County Association of Rockingham Educators. 

F. William Tracy Jr. '57 is teaching an adult con- 
tinuing education class, "Arabia and the Arabs," at 
Santa Barbara City College in California. He is com- 
pleting a novel, Solar Arabia, set in a future world that 
is depleted of oil. 


Ralph W. Barnes Jr. B.S.E.E. '58, Ph.D. '69, an 
associate professor of neurology at Bowman Gray 
Medical School, will ditect the National Ultrasound 
Reading Centet in cooperation with Auttec, Inc., a 
research and development company in Forsyth 
County, N.C. He is also participating in a major 
national study to determine why deaths from heart 
disease have declined in the U.S. 

G. William Domhoff '58 is the author of The 
Mystique of Dreams: A Search for Utopia through Senoi 
Dream Theory, published by the University of Cali- 
fornia Press. The author of several other books, he is a 
psychology and sociology professor at UC-Santa Ctuz. 

William J. Massey III '58, M.D. '62 represented 
Duke in Octobet at the inauguration of the president 
of the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, 

Charlotte M. Wilkinson '58, a counselor at 
Jordan High School in Durham, received the Luther 
Taff Counselor of the Year Award from the N.C. 
Association for Counseling Education and Super- 
vision. She is associate newsletter editor for the N.C. 
School Counselors Association and president of the 
Triangle area chapter of the N.C. Association for 
Counseling and Development. She is also enrolled in 
the doctoral program in counseling at N.C. State 

S. Levin '59, a founding partner of the 
firm Hen, Levin, Teper, Sumner & Croysdale, 
announced its consolidation with the firm Michael 

Best & Ftiedrich. The consolidated firms, under the 
name of Michael, Best & Friednch, will be the third 
largest firm in the city of Milwaukee, Wise. 


Dolph O. Adams '60, pathology professor and 
chief of the autopsy pathology division at Duke 
Medical Center, received the Research Recognition 
Award from the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 
which honors fundamental contributions in basic bio- 
medical research. His research has focused on the 
regulation of macrophages, a type of white blood cell 
that plays a key role in immunity to disease and foreign 
invaders. An author or co-author of more than 125 
scientific papers and two books, Adams serves on the 
editorial boards of four journals. He has organized 
several international meetings on macrophage func- 
tion and is a diplomate of the American Board of 

Gary W. Dickinson B.S.M.E. '60 was appointed 
group director of engineering for the Chevrolet- 
Pontiac-GM of Canada group and elected vice presi- 
dent of General Motors Corp. He and his wife, 
Libby Daniel Dickinson '61, live in Bloomfield 
Hills, Mich., and have two children. Their daughter, 
Debbi, is a freshman at Duke. 

Deanna Crary Jamison '61 , after five years as 
directot of constituent services for U.S. Sen. Robert 
W Kasten Jr., has become the campaign director of 



Veiled in 160,000 
pounds of 
aluminum scaf- 
folding, the Statue of 
Liberty isn't on any- 
one's best-dressed list 
these days. After a cen- 
tury of watching over 
New York Harboi; she 
was being ravaged by 
corrosion and general 
deterioration. So, from 
her iron framework to 
her copper skin, Lady 
Liberty underwent 

restoration, a $40-mil- 
lion project that began 
more than two years 
ago and will end with 
her official unveiling 
July 4. 

But there's at least 
one person who con- 
siders the scaffolded 
lady a beautiful sight to 
behold, and that's 
Harold "Hal" 
O'Callaghan '56. He's 
president of the firm, 
Universal Building 

Supply, that designed 
and erected the alumi- 
num lacework, and life 
just hasn't been the 
same since. 

"The visibility of the 
project really helped 
our image. We've been 
getting calls from all 
over the world," says 
O'Callaghan, who 
seized the moment by 
adding a line drawing 
of the lady in bars to 
his company's letter- 
head. Everybody loves 
a winner, and 
O'Callaghan's firm won 
the scaffolding bid 
from a field of twenty- 
three firms worldwide. 

Among the com- 
pany's other projects: a 
bridge between Ellis 
Island and New Jersey, 
one of the longest tem- 
porary bridges ever 
built; the Great Hall 
restoration, also on Ellis 
Island; New York's 
World Financial Center, 
at 8 million square feet, 
the largest office pro- 
ject in the state; por- 
tions of New York's 
Trump Tower; the 
interior rotunda 
restoration for the state 
capitol in Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania, one of 
oldest capitol buildings 
in the United States; 
and scaffolding for the 
set of the movie Remo: 

The First Adventure. 

But for O'Callaghan 
and his family business 
in Mount Vernon, New 
York, Lady Liberty 
reigns supreme. The 
scaffolding required a 
unique design because 
restrictions dictated 
that it not touch the 
statue above the pedes- 
tal level. While most 
scaffolds tie into a 
structure every twenty- 
six feet, the statue scaf- 
folding soared 150 feet 
high — free-standing. 
That made it the tallest 
free-standing scaffold- 
ing in the world, a fact 
that the 1986 Guinness 
Book of World Records 
has duly recorded with 
a picture on the back 
cover and an article 

O'Callaghan's firm 
began the restoration 
back in January 1984, 
"when the first barges 
came floating in like 
the Marines." And his 
firm will end it as well, 
in plenty of time for 
the statue's Centennial 
observance July 4. As 
O'Callaghan notes, it's 
a whole lot easier tak- 
ing the scaffolding 
down than it was put- 
ting it up. 


Can a classical 
Duke volleyball 
player and a song 
writer/former alternate 
Blue Devil mascot find 
true happiness playing 
rock music in a New 
York City nightclub? 

Apparently so, in the 
case of Leslie Lewis '79 
Lewis was a key player 
on Duke's women's 
volleyball team— the 
one that reached the 
NCAA playoffs in 
1977. She's also an 
accomplished violin 
player. Morra per- 
formed both as a musi- 
cian and a Blue Devil 
at Duke. Together they 
form the nucleus of a 
band that just com- 
pleted a month-long gig 
at the Duplex, a Green- 
wich Village cabaret. 

She on her violin, he 
on keyboard and 
vocals, have been per- 
forming together for 
several years in New 
York and Washington, 
D.C. Morra does the 
arrangements, writes 
the lyrics, and generally 
sets the tone for the 
band, which is why it's 
named after him. Other 
area musicians often 

join the two for per- 
formances; highlights 
include opening for 
Mary Travers, of Peter, 
Paul, and Mary fame; 
Livingston Taylor; and 
Dave Mason. 

"Our music is 
diverse," says Morra, "a 
combination of pop, 
rock, and easy listen- 
ing." He says audiences 
really go for the sound, 
but the recording 
industry is confounded 
by the band's lack of a 
clear musical niche. 
That made things diffi- 
cult when Lewis and 
Morra tried to sell the 
idea of an album, so 

they produced one 
themselves— My Plea- 
sure— on their own 
label, Whizzz Kids 
Records, using his own 
money. They plan to 
woo the New York and 
Washington radio sta- 
tions with the finished 
product, which is 
already available on 
record or cassette for 
$10 from the Whizzz 
Kids at P.O. Box 629, 
New York, New York 
10185. "It's got key- 
boards, violin, electric 
bass, acoustic and elec- 
tric guitar, horns, back- 
up vocals, drums, the 
works," says Lewis. 

Meanwhile, Morra 
will continue to supple- 
ment his income as an 
accompanist for other 
musical acts in New 
York, while fellow West 
Sider Lewis pursues her 
computer consulting 
work, classical violin 
lessons with concert 
soloist Gerald Beal, and 
a renewed interest in 
playing volleyball. 
Risky business for a 
string musician? "Every- 
one's always worried 
that I'm going to injure 
my hands," she says, 
"but 1 never have, and I 
don't expect to." 

Agenda for the American People Project. He is a 
member of the N.C. Society of Internal Medicine, on 
the board of directors of the Robert Wood Johnson 
Scholars Program, and a trustee of the ASIM/Socio- 
Economic Research and Education Foundation. He is 
director of the intensive care unit of Twin County 
Community Hospital, president and medical director 
of Blue Ridge Highlands Nursing Home, and founder 
of Blue Ridge Health Associates, Inc., an internal 
medicine practice association that delivers compre- 
hensive adult health care in rural Appalachia. 

Michael V.R. Thomason A.M. '66, Ph.D. '68 is 

the author of Trying Times: Alabama Photographs, 
1917-1945, a photographic history published by Uni- 
versity of Alabama Press. 

Douglas P. Wheeler LL.B. '66 was appointed in 
July as executive director of the Sierra Club. 

John R. Hannon '67 was promoted to vice presi- 
dent in charge of group credit insurance operations 
with The Prudential Insurance Co. of America. His 
daughter Kimberly is a sophomore at Duke. 

Robert L. Ellis '68 is author of the book Designing 
Data Networks, recently published by Prentice-Hall. 

James A. Farrar Ph.D. '68 represented Duke in 
Septembet at the inauguration of the president of 
Texas Wesleyan College. 

Harvey J. Goldman '68 was named vice presi- 
dent of project development and finance for Research- 
Cottrell, Inc. He was previously a partner at Arthur 
Young. Goldman is the co-author of The Privatization 
Book, published by Arthur Young in 1984, in addition 
articles for trade journals and magazines. 

the United Performing Arts Fund, an umbrella group 
furthering "the development and maintenance of 
high standards in the arts." She is also the special gifts 
chairman for the Duke Class of '61 reunion to be held 
Oct. 24-26, 1986. She lives in Whitefish Bay, Wise. 

Charles J. Ping Ph.D. '61, president of Ohio Uni- 
versity, received the Phillips Medal of Public Service 
at the College of Osteopathic Medicine convocation 
ceremony in October. The Phillips Medal is given to 
individuals who have made significant contributions 
to health care and public service. He is also on the 
advisory board for the Institute of Educational 
Management at Harvard, a member of the Commit- 
tee on International Affairs with the National Asso- 
ciation of State Universities and Land-Grant Col- 
leges, and a consultant examiner for the North Cen- 
tral Association. 

Anne Tyler '61 is the author of The Accidental 
Tourist, her latest novel since Dinner at the Homesick 

James L. Vincent B.S.M.E. '61 was recently 

appointed as chief executive officet of the Biogen 
group in Cambridge, Mass. , a firm which develops 
new pharmaceutical products through genetic engi- 
neering. He was previously group vice president and 
president of the Health and Scientific Products Co. of 
Allied-Signal, Inc. He and his wife have two children. 

Andrea St. John Barna B.S.N. '63 received her 
master's in sociology, with a concentration in medical 
sociology, from George Mason University in Fairfax, 

Wilson Sanders '63 is a professor at Florence- 
Darlington Tech. He and his wife have three children. 

Sara Hall Brandaleone '65 manages part of the 

General Motors Pension Fund. She lives in Green- 
wich, Conn., with her husband, Bruce, and their two 

R. Allan Edgar J.D. '65 has been made Federal Dis- 
trict Court Judge in the Eastern District. 

William C. Olson '65 was elected in July as chair- 
man of the faculty at Marist College in Poughkeepsie, 
N.Y., where he is associate ptofessot of history and 
president of the faculty association. 

Idris T. Tray lor Jr. Ph.D. '65, a professor at Texas 
Tech University, was elected Knight Commander, or 
national president, of the Kappa Alpha Order. Traylor 
is director of the Texas Tech International Center for 
Arid and Semi-Arid Land Studies. He has held vari- 
ous national and local positions for Kappa Alpha and 
wrote the Order's scholarship manual, named by the 
National Interffaternity Conference as the most out- 
standing book of its type. 

Sara M. Evans '66, A.M. '68 represented Duke in 
November at the inauguration of the president of the 
University of Minnesota. 

James G. Nuckolls M.D. '66, who practices 
internal medicine in Galax, Va., was elected to a 
second three-year term on the board of trustees of the 
American Society of Internal Medicine (ASIM). He 
is a member of the society's Long Range Planning 
Committee and is an appointee to a work group of the 
American Medical Association's Health Policy 

A.M. '68, Ph.D. '70, a profes- 
sor of history at Berea College in Berea, Ky., is the 
author of Anthony Wayne; Soldier of the Early Republic, 
a biography of the famous military hero of the Ameri- 
can Revolution and Northwest Territory Indian Wars. 
The book is his second on a Revolutionary War topic 
and was published by Indiana University Press. 

Alfred T. Zodda '68 was promoted to general 
manager for the IBM business unit of KeaMed Hospi- 
tal Systems, a division of Keane, Inc. He and his wife, 
Judy, live in Framingham, Mass. 

Gail Helm Baker '69 is associate editor for the 
U.S. Information Agency in Washington, DC, where 
she commissions articles for use by U.S. embassies 
throughout the world. She and her husband, Bob, 
have two children and are restoring their home in 
Arlington, Va. 

Judith M. Brennan '69 was promoted to curricu- 
lum specialist for foreign languages, art, music, and 
English as a second language for the Virginia Beach 
city schools. 

'69 left Northwestern Bank to open a 
commercial loan office in Charlotte, N.C, fot Old 
Stone Bank out of Providence, R.I. His wife, Jan, is a 
tax manager with Arthur Young in Charlotte. 

BIRTHS: Second child, first daughter, to Sara Hall 
Brandaleone '65 and Bruce H. Brandaleone on 
June 15. Named Jennifer Hall . . . First child and 
daughter to Terri Forrester Whitney '68 and 
Daniel F Popp on Sept. 2. Named Emily Forrester 
Popp . . . First child and son to W. James Foland 
'69 and Kathleen Ellen Straub on April 16 in Kansas 
City, Mo. Named Michael Craig ... A daughter to 
W. Charles Grace and Barbara Grace on Feb. 14, 
1985. Named Katherine Anne . . . Third child, first 
son, to Richard B. Lieb 69 and Kathryn 
Crommelin Lieb '70 on Aug. 14. Named 
Benjamin Thomas . . . First son to Danny O. Rose 
'69 and Loretta C. Rose on June 13. Named Charles 


D. Clarke 70 has been head of land- 
scaping at Turnberry Isle Yacht and Country Club in 
Miami, Fla., for over a year. He writes that he wishes 
to hear from any Duke friends who visit the area. 

David Duch Ph.D. '70 was promoted to group 
leader in medicinal biochemistry at Burroughs 
Wellcome Co. in the Research Triangle Park. He lives 
in Cary, N.C. 

Stephen D. Halliday 70 was appointed manag- 
ing partner of Coopers & Lybrand for its Norfolk and 
Newport News, Va., offices. He was also elected as 
rector of the board of visitors of Christopher Newport 

Roy Gregory Maurer 70, after several years 
teaching religion and psychology at Choate Rosemary 
Hall, has entered Yale's School of Organization and 
Management. He and his wife, Marie, live in New 
Haven, Conn., with their two sons. 

Michael D. McCormick 70 was appointed vice 
president and general counsel of Overland Express, 

70 was promoted to 
department manager of lab operations with the 
photographic technology division of Eastman Kodak 
Co. in Rochester, NY. In June, she attended the 
Advanced Management Program at Duke's Fuqua 
School of Business. 

Robert E. Cheney B.S.E. 71 is chief of the satel- 
lite and ocean dynamics group at the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Rock- 
ville, Md. He and his wife, Lois, live in Silver Spring, 
Md., with their two children. 

Dan Sperling 71 is the author of three books and 
numerous feature articles. He is a staff reporter for 
USA TODAY and lives in Washington, DC. 

71 has a solo practice ir 
ophthamology in Clearwater, Fla., where she lives 
with her husband, an obstetrician/gynecologist, and 
their two children. 

Two North Carolina law firms com- 
bined in January, and the emerging 
merging news was replete with Duke 
connections. The newly-formed Poyner &. 
Spruill is the largest locally based law firm in 
Raleigh and one of the five largest in the state. 
James M. Poyner J.D. '40, now counsel to 
Poyner & Spruill, was founding and senior 
partner in one of the former firms. Poyner is 
a member of the Raleigh executive commit- 
tee of Duke's Capital Campaign for the Arts 
and Sciences. Among the partners in the 
fifty-five member firm: Marvin D. Mussel- 
white Jr. '60, J.D. '63; David W. Long '64; and 
Curtis A. Twiddy J.D. 73. The roster also 
includes former governor James B. Hunt Jr. 
and former associate justice of the North 
Carolina Supreme Court J. Phil Carlton 

Musselwhite, a former member of the State 
House of Representatives, is on the execu- 
tive committee that manages the firm. He is 
also chairman of the Duke Alumni Club an 
co-chairman of the capital campaign's exec 
tive committee in Raleigh. 

Karen J. Amrhine 72 was named director of 
corporate communications of CIT Financial Corp. 
She is also an M.B.A. candidate at New York 

Robert L. Byrd 72 was named curator of manu- 
scripts for Duke's Perkins Library. 

M. Wayne Flye A.M. 72, Ph.D. '80 is professor of 
surgery and immunology at Washington University's 
medical school. He is also director of organ trans- 
plantation and immunobiology for the Washington 
University Medical Center. 

Barbara Eason Goodman 72 is an assistant 

professor of physiology and pharmacology at the Uni- 
versity of South Dakota's medical school. She was on 
the research faculty in the Department of Medicine at 

UCLA. Her husband, Douglas, will be an assistant 
professor of computer science at the University of 
South Dakota. They have two children and will live 
in Vermillion, S.D 

Tom Kosnik 72 completed his Ph.D. in business 
administration at Stanford's business school in 
August. He is now an assistant professor teaching first- 
year marketing at Harvard Business School and 
researching the marketing of computer products and 

Mona Shangold M.D. 72, director of the Sports 
Gynecology Center at Georgetown University Hospi- 
tal, was elected to the board of directors of the Ameri- 
can Running and Fitness Association. An assistant 
professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Georgetown, 
she is a member of the board of trustees of the Ameri- 
can College of Sports Medicine, chairman of the 
Sports Gynecology Society of the American College 
of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, a U.S. Olympic 
Committee sports medicine research associate, and a 
fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine. 
She serves on the editorial board of Medicine and 
Science in Sports and Exercise, The Physician and Sports- 
medicine, The Annals of Sports Medicine, Runner's 
World, and Woman's World. She and her husband, 
Gabe Mirkin, are co-authors of The Complete Sporo 
Medicine Book for Women. 

J. Christopher Smith 72 is the vice president of 
administration for Frank S. Phillips, Inc., a commer- 
cial real estate firm in Bethesda, Md. He is also on 
the board of directors of the Duke Club of Washing- 
ton. He and his wife, Linda, live in Kensington, Md. 

William H. Callaway Jr. 73 is a partner in the 
Washington, DC, law firm Zuckert, Scoutt, 
Rasenberger & Johnson. 

73 owns and operates the 
Plantworks Landscape Nursery in Durham. 

Harry H. Harkins Jr. 73 is a partner in the 
Chapel Hill office of the Charlotte-based law firm 
Erdman, Boggs &. Harkins. Other members of the 
firm are David W. Erdman B.S.E. 71 and Kevin 
'80. Harkins served for six years as an 
attorney general and counsel to the 
N.C. Real Estate Commission. He is chairman of the 


Duke Chapel is 
more than 
stones and 
mortar; and for Page 
Murray '85, it's more 
than cardboard and 
glue. His version is 
2,000 hours of trial, 
erroi; research, con- 
struction, precision, 
and an attention to 
detail that has to be 
seen to be believed. 

He began his model 
in September 1984 as 
"independent study," 
he says, under the late 
professor William 
Starrs. "It was the only 
art course I ever took." 
He worked from blue- 
prints, two postcards, 
his own photos, and 
the book The Duke 
University Chapel, 
which he calls "the 
greatest book around. 
Every freshman should 
have it." The model's 
infrastructure is brass 
wire and plastic 

template. It took 
Murray a week to do 
the entrance. After 
starting the stone work 
in early 1985, he found 
that some building 
materials had to be 
rejected: "I learned 
how balsa wood holds 
up under hot lights." 

Murray's replica, 
which hell present to 
Duke in the spring, is 
scaled 5/32 of an inch 
to equal one foot. The 
tower soars three and a 
half feet. It has remova- 
ble spires. "I had to 
make five of these," he 
said, "because 1 stepped 
on one." He had just 
finished up the hand- 
carved portal statues, 
he said over the phone 
from his Gladwynne, 
Pennsylvania, home, 
and was doing "some 
cosmetic work now. I 
removed the original 
smooth copper roof 
and put on a new 

scored version to look 
more like the ridges on 
the real one. And I've 
done all the gutters." 

The "stones" are 
actually stamped on 
sheets which are 
applied to ten layers of 
thin cardboard - 
recycled "Chicken 
McNuggets" boxes, to 
be exact. "I used 250 
Exacto knife blades." 
The stones match per- 
fectly, even when 
wrapped around 
corners, through a sys- 
tem Murray devised. 

The only inaccura- 
cies, Murray says, are 
the stained glass win- 
dows. He painted them 
from his own photo- 
graphs taken inside the 
chapel. So, seen from 
the "outside" of the 
interior-lit model, 
they're mirror images— 
painted on acetate and 
coated with hairspray. 
The 100 spires on the 

roof line are decorated 
with sixteen to thirty- 
two tiny spheres in 
groups, a Gothic detail. 
Murray used 7,000 
poppy seeds, hand- 
painted and hand- 
glued, to achieve the 

Murray documented 
his 2,000-hour effort 
into a two-minute, stop- 
action, 16-millimeter 
film. He's now convert- 
ing that into a one- 
minute video tape for 
possible use in the 
Duke Video Yearbook. 
"It's really been fun," 
says Murray. No, he's 
not an engineer. He 
graduated with a double 
major in economics 
and history— appropri- 
ate for someone who 
reduced the historic 
Duke Chapel to an eco- 
nomical 35 pounds. 





Shared Visions 

in a 
Shared Venture 

You and your employer share a com- 
mon goal -success in a competitive 
business world through growth. The 
Fuqua School of Business at Duke Uni- 
versity now offers two Executive MBA 
programs to help you attain this goal 
without career interruption. 

Benefit from the continuity of a shared 
group experience with faculty and col- 
leagues during the duration of the 

The Executive MBA 
Evening Program 

Designed for rising managers with a 
minimum of three years of professional 
experience beyond the Bachelor's 

• Classes on Monday and Thursday 

• Program completed in 25 months 

• Next class begins in July 1986. 

• Classes do not interrupt normal work- 
ing hours. 

The Executive MBA 
Weekend Program 

Designed for senior managers with at 
least five years professional experience. 

• Classes on Friday and Saturday every 
other weekend. 

• Program completed in 20 months. 

• Next class begins in January 1987 

• Company sponsorship is required. 

The Duke Executive MBA program 
has enabled me to combine my experi- 
ence with excellent academic training to 
produce on the job results immediately!' 
Glenn Weingarth, Director of Human 
Resources, Burroughs Wellcome Co. 

For more information on either pro- 
gram call 919/6844037 or 919/684-3197 

Orange County Board of Adjustment and represents 
North and South Carolina on the executive council 
of the American Bar Association's Young Lawyers 
Division. Since 1978, he has been a member of the 
executive committee of the Duke Annual Fund. 

Paul G. Hodges 73 has written Into the Vestibule, 
a book of poetry, and has edited three other poetry 
books. An advocate of natural living and voluntary 
simplicity, Hodges is the founder and co-director of 
Owls' Eyes School, a non-govemment school based 
on the principles of teaching by example and learning 
by doing. He is also a local coordinator of The Real 
Church, which is dedicated to an understanding of 
reality and to the observance of the Golden Rule. He 
lives in Surrey County, N.C. 

Linda Gail Hudak 73 and her husband, Richard 
Ross Jenkins, are both in their third-year at Yale 
Medical School. 

Linda T. McMillan 73 is assistant vice president 
and product manager for BayBanks Systems, Inc., 
responsible for the planning, development, and mar- 
keting of Bay Bank's consumer credit products. She is 
also on the board of directors of the Boston chapter of 
the American Marketing Association. 

Thaddeus L. Dunn 74, M.D. 78, a major in the 

U.S. Army, is a pulmonary disease officer at Madigan 
Army Medical Center in Tacoma, Wash. 

Thomas H. Gorey 74 is the Washington, D.C., 
bureau chief of the Salt Lake Tribune and the 
Manchester, N.H., Union Leader. He and his wife, 
Annette, live in Germantown, Md., with their three 

Jean E. Haworth 74 is an assistant vice president 
and department manager of foreign exchange opera- 
tions at First National Bank of Atlanta. She lives in 
Decatur, Ga. 

Craig Lutton 74 was promoted to vice president in 
the equine lending division of First National Bank of 

Louisville. His wife, Barbara Sanderson 

Lutton 74, teaches kindergarten at Kentucky 
Country Day School. They live in Louisville, Ky., 
with their two children. 

Josef K. Ruth M.B.A. 74 was transferred from the 
U.S. Embassy in Mexico City to the embassy in 
Ottawa, Canada, where he is a political officer with 
the U.S. Department of State. 

Bill Anderson A.M. 75 was promoted to research 
scientist III in molecular biology by Burroughs 
Wellcome Co. in the Research Triangle Park. He lives 
in Durham. 

Block 75 is national director of public 
relations and advertising for Rubloff. He lives in 

B.S.E. 75 is a program manager 
at Hewlett Packard, in charge of a major automation 
project. He and his wife, Mary, are active in Beyond 
War, a grassroots educational movement centering on 
the threat of nuclear weapons. Last summer, they 
vacationed in the Soviet Union for two months. They 
live in Menlo Park, Calif. 

Fink J.D. 75 is counsel, space- 
craft operations, with General Electric Co.'s Space 
Systems Division in Valley Forge, Penn. He was the 
chief trial attorney for the defense contract adminis- 
tration services region of Philadelphia with the 
Defense Logistics Agency. 

John Hale 75 is pursuing a degree in public admin 
istration at the John F. Kennedy School at Harvard. 
He was program officer at the National Endowment 
for the Humanities. He lives in Cambridge, Mass. 

Robert C. Harvey M.D. 75, a major in the U.S. 
Army, has returned from duty in West Germany and is 

now an internist at Madigan Army Medical Center in 
Tacoma, Wash. 

Susan M. Hollingworth 75 is a real estate 
lawyer with the Pittsburgh firm Reed, Smith, Shaw & 

Bill McCarty 75 recently completed a judicial 
clerkship with the Hon. John Charles Thomas of the 
Supreme Court of Virginia. He is now an associate in 
the Atlanta office of the law firm Sutherland, Asbill 
& Brennan. 

Pamela S. Penn Morine 75 has started her own 
business, while affiliated with Paul Stewart Associates, 
Inc., an independent tax and financial planning firm. 
She is the vice president of corporate development 
and markets financial planning services to businesses, 
professionals, and corporations. 

Susan C. Milner Parker 75 is an attorney with 
Smith, Anderson, Blorent, Mitchell and Dorsett in 
Raleigh, where she lives with her husband, Michael, 
and their two daughters. 

1 A. Robertson 75, J.D. 78 has joined 
the Atlanta law firm Alston & Bird, practicing in 
and real estate. 

M. Robinson 75, a senior compensation 
analyst with Southern Company Services, earned the 
American Compensation Association's Certified 
Compensation Professional designation, after passing 
six comprehensive examinations tequired for 

75 opened the Stanley Gallery of 
Contemporary Fine Art in August 1984. The gallery 
is managed by his wife, Nancy. Stanley was the direc- 
tor of business development for Landmark Communi- 
cations, Inc., and now works in corporate finance for 
the Investment Corp. of Virginia. He and Nancy live 
in Norfolk, Va. 

Frank B. Burney 76 is a partner with the San 
Antonio law firm Martin, Shannon &. Drought, Inc. 
He was also elected president of the San Antonio 
Young Lawyers Association. 

I. Davidson 76 received his M.B.A. from 
Louisiana State University in May and continues as a 
research chemist with Ethyl Corp. in Baton Rouge, 

Bruce R. Fraedrich M.F. 76 is director of 
tesearch for the Bartlett Tree Research Laboratories 
and Experimental Grounds in Charlotte, N.C. 

Dean R. Lambe Ph.D. 76 is the co-author of The 
Odysseus Solution, a science fiction paperback novel 
from Baen Books. 

Robert E. Lowdermilk III M.Div. 76 received 
the Catawba College Algernon Sydney Sullivan 
Award for 1985 , which recognizes "laudable spiritual 
qualities applied to daily living." He is a campus pas- 
tor and assistant professor of religion at Catawba Col- 
lege in Salisbury, N.C. 

Lyons B.S.M.E. 76 completed 
graduate training in orthopedics at the Mayo Gradu- 
ate School of Medicine. He will enter an orthopedic 
practice in Erie, Minn. His wife, Carol Ann 
Williams Lyons 76, completed graduate training 
in diagnostic radiology at the Mayo School. She will 
begin group practice at St. Vincent Hospital in Erie. 

Thomas E. Marfing 76 is in his fourth year of 
general surgery training at U.S. Naval Hospital in 
Oakland, Calif., where he lives with his wife, Marie. 

B.S.C.E. 76 is listed in the 
1985-86 Who's Who of American Women and was 
named Outstanding Young Woman of America in 
1984. She received a Consortium for Graduate Study 
in Management fellowship and is pursuing her 
M.B.A. at the University of Southern California in 
Los Angeles. 

1 76 is a doctoral candidate in the his- 
tory and sociology of science at the University of 
Pennsylvania, where she was awarded a summer 
research fellowship in technology and culture from 
the Mellon Foundation's Program for Assessing and 
Revitalizing the Social Sciences. From February 
through July, she is teaching English and American 
history and the history of technology at Jiao Tong 
University in Shanghai, China, where she will also 
meet the grandparents of her husband, Dennis Yao, a 
professor of public policy and management at Penn's 
Wharton School of Business Administration. 

Janelle C. Morris 76 is now with Merrill Lynch 
& Co. in its Washington, D.C., office of government 
relations. She was practicing law with the Albuquer- 
que, N.M., firm Johnson &. Lanphere. 

i M. Nunn Jr. 76, M.D. '80 finished his 
residency and fellowship at Duke Hospital and now 
has a practice in internal medicine and gastroenterol- 
ogy in Rocky Mount, N.C., where he lives with his 
wife, Catherine Koplinka Nunn B.S.N. 78, and 
their children. 

Marshall F. Sinback Jr. B.H.S. 76, who has 
held numerous elected positions in the Ga. Associa- 
tion of Physician Assistants, was selected as the first 
AAPA Burroughs Wellcome Health Policy Fellow. He 
will take a leave from the department of orthopedic 
surgery at the Atlanta VA Medical Center to spend a 
year in Washington, DC. 

Suzannah Harding Spencer 76 is a family 

physician at the University of Montana's student 
health service. She lives in Missoula, Mont. 

Kim Spalthoff Hug B.S.N. 77 is a critical care 

educator in the nursing education and research 
department at Tampa General Hospital. She and her 
husband, Richard, live in Tampa, Fla. 

Beverly D. Mason 77 is a commercial litigator 
with the Houston, Texas, law firm Reynolds, Allen & 
Cook. She and her husband, Grant G. Gealy, live in 
Nassau Bay, Texas, across the street from NASA's 
Johnson Space Center. 

' 77, an attorney 
with Smith, Moore, Smith, Schell & Hunter in 
Greensboro, N.C., was named a member of the 
United Way of Greater Greensboro's Strategic 
Planning Committee. She is also on the Greensboro 
Duke Alumni Admissions Advisory Committee. 

Patricia Walsh Smith 77 is finishing a fellow- 
ship in ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins University. 
Her husband, Lyman Smith 78, M.D. '84, is doing 
a year of research before returning to orthopedic sur- 
gery at the University of Virginia. 

Gerald Stoppel M.Div. 77 is the pastor at the 
Grand Centre Anglican Church of Canada and serves 
the churches at Bonnyville, Frog Lake, Ashmont, and 
St. Paul. He is also an associate of the Society of St. 
John the Divine. 

r 77 is a family physician in 
private practice in Cleveland, Ohio. He is also a 
clinical instructor in family medicine at Case Western 
Reserve/University Hospitals of Cleveland. 

El-win R. Baker 78 received his D.D.M. from the 
Medical University of South Carolina in May 1984. 
He practices general dentistry in Newberry, S.C., 
where he lives with his wife, Sally. 

I G. Chilek M.H A. 78 was promoted to 
director of hospital acquisitions and development E 
Humana Inc., a health services company based in 
Louisville, Ky. 

78 is a counselor/tutor coordinator 
with special services at Virginia Intermont College in 
Bristol, Va. Last year, she attended a ten-year reunion 
of the Fall 75 Wind Symphony trip to Vienna, 




The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies 
(MALS) is a challenging interoUsciplinarv 
program for adults who seek intellectual 
exploration It is an opportunity to refine 
abilities to think and to analyze, to 
deepen understanding, and to make 
sense of the insights gained from 

MALS students are able to pursue a 
graduate degree while maintaining a 
career. The flexibility of an individually 
designed course of study and the 
opportunity to take one course per term 
are important advantages to career 

The most rewarding investment you will 
ever make is an investment in your own 
growth and development. Call or write 
the MALS office for a brochure and an 


122 Allen Building, Duke University 
Durham, North Carolina 27706 

44 Each of us makes an investment in 
this program in terms of time, energy, 
and money. This kind of commitment 
insures a roomful of motivated 
students, and the intellectual exchange 
enriches every aspect 
of our lives. •• 

' Mary Layne Gregg 
* 1 "^ ■■ Registered Nurse 
North Carolina 
Memorial Hospital 

Peter L. Diaz 78 was appointed vice president of 
operations with Media Capital Group, Inc., in 
Atlanta, Ga. He was a senior planning analyst with 
Marriott Corp. in Washington, D.C. 

Sharon E. Grubb 78 is the director of annual pro- 
grams for Duke's School of Engineering. She received 
her M.B.A. from UNC-Chapel Hill in May. 

Carol A. Hutzelman 78 is the director of public 
relations for Nessen Lamps, Inc., New York City. 

Leslie P. Klemperer J.D. 78 was promoted to 
senior attorney and assistant secretary at Delta Air 
Line's general offices in Atlanta. He and his wife, 
Judith, live in Atlanta. 

Mark Alan Payne 78 graduated in August from 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine's physician assistant 

Eva Marie Hodge Reynolds B.S.N. 78 
received her master's in nursing from the University of 
South Carolina in August. She is a program nurse 
specialist for Wateree District Home Health Services. 
She and her husband, Steve, have two daughters. 

Janet R. Rhodes 78 is a senior consultant in the 
strategic planning and marketing department with 
Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co. in Boston. She 
received her M.B.A. from Dartmouth's Amos Tuck 
School in June 1984. 

Truax A.M. 78 was promoted to senior 
associate pharmacologist in the pharmacology depart- 
ment of Burroughs Wellcome Co. in the Research 
Triangle Park. He lives in Durham. 

Elizabeth A. Buss 79, a captain in the U.S. Air 
Force, is in her third year of a general surgery resi- 
dency at Wilford Hall U.S. Air Force Medical Center 
in San Antonio, Texas. 

79 was appointed president of the 
Atlanta College of Art in Atlanta. She was the direc- 
tor of the Print Club in Philadelphia. She is an exhib- 
iting artist and national president of the Women's 
Caucus for Art. 

Dolores E. Janiewski Ph.D. 79, an assistant 





professor of history at the University of Idaho, is the 
author of Sisterhood Denied: Race, Gender, and Class in 
a New South Community, published in December by 
Temple University Press. The book, using oral his- 
tories, census data, and historical documents, ex- 
amines the ways women's lives were shaped by race, 
class, and gender as they migrated from rural North 
Carolina to the developing industrial city of Durham 
to work in textile and tobacco factories. 

Jack Milner B.S.E. 79 is the new president of 
Mark Twain Bank Fenton in Fenton, Mo. He also 
interviews prospective Duke freshmen. 

Susan Cummings Ritacco B.S.N. 79 lives in 
Holmdel, N.J., with het husband, Joe, and their 
daughter. Susan was a nursing supervisor in a home 
health care agency until her daughter's birth. 

R.J. Sandoval 79 was promoted to assistant vice 
president and chief development officer for All Saints 
Health Care, Inc., of Fort Worth, Texas. 

Charles C. Soufas Jr. Ph.D. 79, an assistant 

professor of foreign languages at West Chester Uni- 
versity, was presented with the first Council of Trus- 
tees Achievement Award at the university's convoca- 
tion ceremony. This award honors faculty members 
who have made original and significant contributions 
to their disciplines. Soufas was recognized for his 
article, "Thinking in La Vida Es Sueno," published in 
PMLA, the journal on modem languages. 

Kevin A. Trapani 79 is director of sales and mar- 
keting for Medigroup HMO, a network of health 
maintenance organizations owned by Blue Cross of 
New Jersey. He and his wife, Nancy, live in Cranford, 
N.J., with their daughter. 

i H. Walker 79 is an attorney with the 
legal department of USAir, Inc., in Washington, D.C. 

i R. Whitnah B.S.N. 79 received a 
master's in nursing in the Women's Health Care Nurse 
Practitioner Program at the Oregon Health Sciences 
University. She is now working in reproductive 
endoctinology at George Washington University 
Medical Center in Washington, D.C. 

Melissa Ann Wynne 79 is a second-year law stu- 
dent at Northwestern University's law school in 

MARRIAGES: Joseph Hinton Johnson 70, 

M.A.T. 71, Ed.D 78 to Patricia Wykstra Sickles on 
Aug. 18 in Duke Chapel. Residence: Wilmington, 
N.C. . . J. Christopher Smith 72 to Linda 
Warner in April 1984. Residence: Kensington, 
Md. . . . Douglas Abbott Chapman 73 to 
Emily Kathleen Reece on Aug. 10. Residence: 
Durham . . . Susan Nobles 73 to Randall Edward 
Smith on Aug. 31. Residence: Cincinnati, Ohio . . . 
Richard Robert Dixon 76 to Jody Lee 
Kleffel . . . Jane Morley 76 to Dennis Yao in 
March 1985 . . . Maureen Joan Demarest 77 
to Douglas C. Murray on July 6. Residence: Greens- 
boro, N.C llene Goodman 77 to Steve Wing 

on July 19. Residence: Warrenville, 111. . . . Beverly 
D. Mason 77 to Grant G Gealy on April 9, 1983. 
Residence: Nassau Bay, Texas . . . William L. 
Mastorakos 77 to Lisa Kaye Kraft on July 27. 
Residence: Chesterfield, Mo. . . . Kim P. 
Spalthoff B.S.N. 77 to Richard J. Hug Jr. on Sept. 
28. Residence: Tampa, Fla. . . . Patricia Walsh 77 
Smith 78, M.D. '84 on June 14 . . . 
C. Banzhaf 79 to Cathy J. Tschannen 
on Jan. 2, 1985. Residence: Evanston, 111. . . . 
Robert Steven Coats 79 to Jean Catherine 
Gladden on May 18. Residence: Durham . . . Lisa 
Kimberly Kirkman 79 to William Gerard 
Sliwa 79 on June 22 in Duke Chapel. Residence: 

Wheeling, 111 Martha Lynne Murray 79 to 

Charles S. Bailey on Oct. 27. Residence: Boston. 

BIRTHS: Second son to Stephen D. 

70. Named Will . . . Third child, first son, to 
Kathryn Crommelin Lieb 70 and Richard B. 

Lieb '69 on Aug. 14. Named Benjamin Thomas . . . 
Second child, first daughter, to Claudia Pons 
Weber 70 and David K. Weber on May 20. Named 
Stephanie Crane . . . Second child, first daughter, to 
Robert E. Cheney B.S.E. 71 and Lois Cheney on 
Aug. 29. Named Amanda Clair . . . Second child, 
first son, to Dale C. Robbins 72, J.D. 75 and 
Becky Robbins on Sept. 23. Named Theodore 
Jackson . . . First child and daughter to Tim D. 
GrottS 73 and Beverly Grotts on April 12. Named 
Pamela Federe . . . Fourth child, third daughter, to 
Thomas H. Gorey 74 and Annette Gorey on 
June 18. Named Kerry Anne . . . Third child, first 
daughter, to Mary Alice Classen Tinari B.S.N. 
74 and Anthony Tinari 74 on July 16. Named 
Celeste Marie . . . Third daughter to Patricia 
Allen Arnold 75 and Randie Arnold on Sept. 10. 
Named Mary Shannon . . . Second child, first son, to 
Martha Lynn Johnson Ballard 75, M.Div. 78 
and Bruce Wilson Ballard A.M. 77, Ph.D. 79 
on July 7. Named Lee Wilson ... A son to Martin 
M. Klapheke 75 and Kathy Klapheke on Aug. 11. 
Named John Martin . . . Second child and daughter 
to Susan Milner Parker 75 and Michael Y. 
Parker in January. Named Hannah Milner Parker . . . 
Second child and son to Ruth Hardee KovacS 
76 and Bill Kovacs on Aug. 2. Named Paul Hardee 
. . . Second son to Deborah Mow Mainwaring 

76 and John Mainwaring on Aug. 20. Named Todd 
Allen . . . Second daughter to Chalmers M. 
Nunn Jr. 76, M.D. '80 and Catherine 
Koplinka Nunn B.S.N. 78 in July 1984. Named 
Margaret Ellyn . . . Second child, a daughter, to 
Suzannah Harding Spencer 76 on April 13, 
1985 . Named Sarah Frances ... A daughter to 
Richard Weinberger 77 and Donna Weinberger 
on July 30. Named Jillian Beth ... A daughter to 
Dawn London Blanchard 78 and John 
Blanchard on Feb. 1, 1985. Named Janel 
Dawn . . . First child and daughter to Edythe 
Monroe King 78 and Ed King on June 22. Named 
Edythe Day . . . First child and daughter to Cindy 
Lipton B.S.N. 78 and Richard Lipton on April 10, 
1985. Named Sheri Liane . . . Second child and 
daughter to Marcia Hildreth Pade 78 and Bill 
Pade on June 25. Named Kathryn Hildreth Pade . . . 
A daughter to Kathi Jo Williams Ulfelder 78 
and Leo Ulfelder on Sept. 9. Named Erika Ann . . . 
First child and daughter to Sus 
Murphy 79, M.H.A. '81 and James K. 
M.H.A. '81 on July 25. Named Jennifer Anne ... A 
daughter to Susan Cummings Ritacco B.S.N. 
79 and Joe Ritacco on Jan. 27, 1985. Named Lisa 
Diane . . . First child and daughter to Kevin A. 
Trapani 79 and Nancy Trapani in July. Named 
Caitlin Range. 


Renee E. Adams '80, M.D. '84 is a first-year 
dermatology resident at the University of California 
at San Diego. 

Patricia Hannon Bonney '80, after working for 
three years at Arthur Andersen and for two years as 
manager for office automation at the White House in 
Washington, D.C, is a student at the University of 
Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business. Her hus- 
band, Paul R. Bonney '80, graduated in May from 
Georgetown Law School and is a law clerk in Phila- 
delphia to Federal District Court Judge Edward Cahn. 

Amy C. Gregory '80 received her J.D. from 
Vermont Law School in 1984 and was admitted to 
both the Vermont and Maryland bars. She is an attor- 
ney with Paradis, Coombs and Fitzpatrick in Essex 
Junction, Vt. 




Fans know him as the power- 
ful center from the West 
Coast. His fellow Blue Devil 
cagers say he's the consum- 
mate team player, lb the 
press, he's the eloquent and 
ever-popular interview sub- 
ject. Among his classmates 
at Duke, he's the tallest political science 
major on campus. For his parents, he was the 
Christmas gift that came a day early in 1963 . 
Senior Jay Bilas is a lot of things to a lot of 
people— most visibly a basketball player on a 
college team that, during his career, went 
from rebuilding in the basement to a nation- 
al No. 1 ranking. 

As a high school player in Rolling Hills, 
California, he was dangerous under the bas- 
ket, averaging 23.7 points and 13.5 rebounds 
per game his senior year. For his efforts, he 
won Bay Area player of the year honors and a 
prominent spot on the recruiting rosters of 
college coaches nationwide. 

He was aggressively courted, but narrowed 
his choices to Syracuse, Iowa, UCLA, Kan- 
sas, and Duke— the only school among the 
finalists not in the top twenty. As Bilas 
recalls, "One of the coaches recruiting me 
called my mom and said, 'Mrs. Bilas, have 
you ever heard of Appalachian State?' She 
said no, and the coach said, 'Well, they beat 
Duke last night.' " 

Bilas signed on anyway, beginning a col- 
lege sports career that would brand him a 
starter, despite knee problems that plagued 
his sophomore and junior years. An opera- 
tion last spring left him less than ready for 
his senior season, and it took fourteen games 
before he battled back to share the starting 
center position that had gone to freshman 
Danny Ferry. 

His concern with team success over indivi- 
dual success, however, has brought him the 
largest measure of respect. Off the court, he 
attracts an appreciative press corps that in- 
variably comes to him for astute observa- 
tions on the team's performance. Last year, 
he appeared on CBS's Face the Nation to dis- 
cuss academics and athletics. He was also 
one of two student-athletes in the nation 



"The Final Four is a 

dream of every player, 

and it's so close you can 

almost reach out and 

touch it. It almost gives 

you chills to think 

about it." 

appointed to the NCAA's long-range plan- 
ning committee, and recently participated 
in a sports panel discussion at Duke with 
such national heavyweights as Notre Dame's 
Digger Phelps and commentator Howard 

So Bilas was the natural choice when Duke 
Magazine went looking for an insider to 
chronicle what would become Duke's cham- 
pionship season. With pen and legal pad in 
hand, he began his task well before the Final 
Four in Dallas, well before the team's triumph 
at the ACC Tournament, well before that 
championship season was within reach. 
When Bilas began his journal, the road to 
the top was bumper to bumper with worthy 
contenders. When he finished, rush hour 
was over, and the Duke Blue Devils almost 
owned the road. 

Wednesday, February 5 

When this year's senior class arrived at 
Duke, it was heralded as the nation's best re- 
cruiting class. Big things were expected of us, 
and we thought we could deliver right away. 
It was a rude awakening— but we scratched 
and clawed through an 11-17 season in which 
we were taken to the cleaners often and 

This week is a big week for us; this is the 
week that can make or break a champion- 
ship season. We go to Charlottesville today 
to play Virginia, and then we have Georgia 
Tech at home on Sunday. The seniors have a 
special feeling for Virginia, mostly because 
of the 1983 ACC Tournament. We had suf- 
fered through an 11-16 season, but it could 
have all been brightened up by a win over 
Ralph Sampson and Virginia. 

I remember a Duke fan getting on an 
elevator with me in the hotel in Atlanta. 
"How do you think you'll make out tonight?" 
he asked. 

"I think we've got a pretty good chance, 
sir," I said, ever the optimist. 

"Well," he replied, "I don't think you've got 
a chance in hell to beat them." 

Ah, well, thank you very much— that's the 
kind of season it was, with everybody seem- 
ingly down on us. It was hard to admit that 


people actually looked at us as losers, because 
we didn't see ourselves that way. 

But the guy in the elevator was right: Vir- 
ginia drubbed us by 40 points, and they really 
ran up the score. I remember walking off the 
floor and being laughed at by the other 
players. What a way to end a season. We were' 
in a very subdued locker room, and suddenly 
a mob of reporters rushed toward me and 
asked what I thought of Ralph Sampson's 
postgame comments. 

"What did he say?" He said I was too rough 
on him, played dirty, and that type of play 
didn't belong in the ACC. 

Wonderful. Let me get this straight— we 
had just lost by 40 points, no less, and they 
are complaining. There was no way we were 
ever going to forget that ballgame. 

We've beaten Virginia five straight times 
now, and it's probably got something to do 
with that humiliating defeat. Being laughed 
at by another team is not a fun experience. 
My mom once told me to always be humble 
after I won because every dog has his day. 
After that game, there were a lot of hungry 
freshman dogs in that locker room, and we 
have pretty good memories. 

Virginia just handed North Carolina their 
first loss, and Olden Polynice said that we 
were due for a loss— and they were just the 
team to give it to us. It's kind of a role reversal 
now. We've got national ranking and Virginia's 
coming after us. It doesn't seem so far away 
that we were freshmen, but in seven more 
games, we might be playing in the biggest 
game of our lives— against North Carolina— if 
we take care of business now. 

Thursday, February 6 

Game days on the road can be very te- 
dious. We are usually awakened at 10 a.m. to 
go down and eat breakfast. Then we go to the 
arena and shoot for a while. After we get 
back to the hotel, we eat a training meal of 
steak, green beans, baked potato, and pasta. 
Whenever my mom makes that at home, I 
start to get nervous. After the meal, we go to 
our rooms and relax before going to the game. 

Once we get to the game, it's unusually 
quiet in the locker room. There's no music 
playing, and you can only hear the sound of 
Max Crowder [the team's trainer] taping and 
guys suiting up for a game. Road games have 
always been different, because we know how 
difficult it is to win on the road. We need to 
band together in hostile environments and 
lean on one another. It was hard to read the 
status of our team before the game. We won 
and played well, but Mark Alarie told me 
afterward that he thought we had a chance 
to get beaten that night. I thought about it 
for a while and decided that a feeling like 
that might be good: If you can see it coming, 
you can do something about it. We're a confi- 
dent bunch, but we'd like to think we're smart, 

Who but 
■ '^■k the bearer writes the 
moniker unassisted and gets it 
right? Who dares speak it 
without longing for the cer- 
tainty of a Smith or a Jones, or 
even a Valvano? In covering 
the Duke basketball team's 
surge to national fame this 
season, the press has avoided 
the inevitable by seizing the 
now familiar alternative, 
Coach K. 

But, as The New York 
Times pointed out in a recent 
story, "It's suggested that you 
learn how to pronounce 
Coach K's name because he 
has only begun to coach." 

It wasn't long ago that Mike 
Krzyzewski, pronounced 
Shuh-SHEV-ski, had only 
begun to fight. He took the 
reins of a Duke basketball pro- 
gram accustomed to success 
but facing the loss of the stars 
who helped bring it to the 
NCAA finals in 1978. The 
rebuilding process was Iabori- 
ous-with 10-17 and 11-17 
seasons during Coach K's 
second and third years on the 
job. But even as the doubters 
relentlessly mentioned his 
final season as head coach at 
Army, when the Cadets won 
only nine games, Coach K 
was methodically securing the 
talent that would take the 
Blue Devils all the way to 
Dallas, and nearly all the way 
to the top. 

This last and most visible 
journey to Dallas was made by 
team players rather than super- 
stars, accompanied by four 
charter flights and the spirit of 
thousands of supporters back 
home— some who watched 

the NCAA battle on a twenty- 
five-foot diagonal screen 
imported from Washington, 
D.C., and set up on the main 
quad. "We wanted to do this 
for the students," said Athle- 
tics Director Tom Butters. 
"They have been our sixth 
man all season." 

And there were parties— a 
bonfire on the quad after 
Saturday's win over Kansas, 
and a long weekend's worth of 
pep rallys, barbecues, and 
receptions in Dallas. And there 
were wagers— Senate Majority 
Leader Robert Dole is stuck 
with the late-night duty of 
walking the Doles' schnauzer, 
Leader. The Kansas grad and 
his wife, Secretary of Tran- 
sportation Elizabeth Hanford 
Dole '58, had a friendly bet on 
whose alma mater would 
emerge victorious in the 
NCAA semi-finals. Rumor has 
it that Senator Dole will also 
be shelling out $500 for a 
Duke scholarship. 

At the Plaza of the 
Americas, Duke headquarters 
in Dallas, the restaurant even 
served up Duke Blue grits. 
"Why not add a litde color to 
their grits," said the chef, "and 
make them feel like they're at 

Tuesday without the final 
laurel, the Blue Devils were 
treated as returning heroes: 
3,000 Duke supporters 
gathered under a Duke Blue 
sky to greet the plane from 
Dallas. There were balloons, 

phones, autographs, hand- 
shakes, and hugs as the team 
moved through the crowd. 

, the party 

yet over. Buildings 
along the route to the Main 
Quad were hung with 
welcome-home banners. Some 
professors called off classes to 
join a celebration that in- 
cluded four huge congratula- 
tory cakes, pizza and pastries, 
and even more balloons. The 
student body crowded onto 
the quad to hear the team 
members thank them, the 
fans. "You're No. 1 in our 
hearts," said Johnny Dawkins. 

Mark Alarie told the crowd: 
"Last night, we were all dis- 
appointed. Somehow it didn't 
seem like the right ending. 
But looking back over the 
four years, I wouldn't trade it 
for anything." 

Who would? Certainly not 
Coach K, who racked up 
coach of the year honors from 
U.P.I., Basketball Weekly, 
Basketball Times, and 
CBS/Chevrolet, and brought 
his Duke record to 122-68. 
Certainly not the Blue Devils 
themselves, who won the 
early-season Big Apple NIT 
and post-season ACC tourna- 
ments, were conference 
champs in regular season play, 
set an NCAA record for most 
wins in a season— thirty- 
seven, earned (for the first 
time in Duke history) the No. 
1 ranking in the final A.P. 
poll, finished with the best 
winning percentage (92.5) in 
Duke history, set another 
Duke record with their 
twenty-one consecutive wins 
heading into the champion- 
ship game, and went as far as 
a team can go in the NCAAs 
while still having something 
to shoot for next year. 


Friday, February 7 

Now that Virginia is out of the way, we can 
set our sights on Georgia Tech. After that 
bus ride, it's awfully tough to wake up and go 
to class the next day. To be honest, we don't 
make it all the time. People often ask how we 
can manage school and basketball. It's tough 
but not at all impossible. It boils down to just 
one thing— budgeting your time. After at- 
tending class and grabbing a bite to eat, it's 
usually time to hit practice. We've always had 
tough practices under Coach Krzyzewski, 
but because of our veteran squad this year, 
he's eased off a bit. 

After a couple of hours of practice and a 
shower, we go to our training meal. They are 
usually a lot of fun— the guys are loose and 
trying to unwind, and you can count on a 
couple of laughs. After the meal, you hit 
home about eight o'clock and studying isn't 
the first thing on your mind. That's where 
the discipline comes in. If you've got some- 
thing to get done, you'd better do it because 
rest is important with the type of schedule 
we play. I find that I do better when we're in 
season. During the spring, I tend to put 
things off. 

I woke up early today with the flu, and 
that's not a comforting thing going into a big 
game. The guys are all really determined to 
win this one. Tech beat us in Atlanta, and it 
was not a great display by Duke. 

We've always watched a lot of film at Duke, 
and as a freshman, I always dreaded it. It 
seemed we only watched film of our mis- 
takes, and it was true because we made a 
bundle of them. But as we got better, the 
comments in a film session were not quite as 
harsh, and yelling turned into quietly point- 
ing out an uncharacteristic mistake and cor- 
recting it. It was almost fun to watch because 
you could see yourself do something good 
and the mistakes were not as big as they used 
to be. 

After the first Georgia Tech game, we had 
a film session and it was not too fun. Coach 
K tore into us worse than he had in a couple 
of years. The worst part about it was that he 
was absolutely right and he had proof. Georgia 
Tech out-hustled us, and it looked like they 
wanted it more. On top of that, one of their 
players taunted us— and players don't take 
kindly to that. If you're going to taunt some- 
one, you ought to do it when there's no 
chance for payback. 

Tech has to rank second to North Carolina 
as far as intense rivalries are concerned. 
Tech's development as a team has so closely 
paralleled ours that it is only natural that we 
would be at each other's throats. During our 
freshman year, to beat Carolina we needed a 
perfect baljgame and an act of God. Against 
Tech, we had something to protect and to 
prove. We were proud of our ranking as a re- 

When we arrived at 

Duke, winning was not a 

habit. We had to learn 

how to win. While we 

were learning, we got 

our butts kicked by just 

about everyone. 

cruiting class and we didn't want anyone 
horning in on that. Today we play Tech for a 
top national ranking, but then we played for 
who's the greater of the two "not so great" 
teams (who's not the "cellar dweller"). Either 
way, the games were just as intense. 

You could feel the electricity in the locker 
room, and everyone was strictly business. 
We'll crack jokes and have fun after we win. 
Everyone was sharp and smart, and every 
loose ball belonged to Duke. After the game, 
there was a euphoric feeling in the locker 
room, not a lot of jumping around, just a kind 
of "yeah, we did it!" feeling that makes every- 
thing we go through worthwhile. The only 
problem is that it only lasts until the next 
day, and then we've got to go out and get that 
feeling again. Of course, it could have just 
been the flu. 

This morning we left for Daytona Beach to 
play Stetson. When I arrived at Cameron, I 
saw Tommy Amaker with a big smile on his 
face. "You got anything for me to eat, Jay?" he 
said as I got out of the car. I said no and asked 
if he would have had that big smile if we had 
lost to Georgia Tech. "If you had something 
to eat I would!" 

Tommy is a special friend, and I know all of 
the guys feel that way. Tommy is as easygoing 
as they come, and only gets upset when he 
gets lint on his clothes. Road trips are always 
interesting for seeing who will be "Best 
Dressed." It always comes down to Johnny 
[Dawkins] and Tommy, and God help you if 
you get any specks of dirt on them. 

We've got a really close-knit team. Many of 
the guys room together and we all get along 
great. That's one of the keys to our success: 
We know one another, as well as like and 
respect one another. We've been through a 
lot together, and I almost don't want to think 
about graduating and losing this special 

The North Carolina game will be big for 
another reason than ACC standings. It will 

be the last home game for the seniors. I try 
not to think about that part, and we haven't 
talked about it much at all. After the Okla- 
homa game, then it'll start to sink in— but 
now, I don't think about it, on purpose. 

One thing that seniors do talk about is 
how far we've come. When I walk to class 
with Johnny or talk to my roommate, Mark 
[Alarie], they might say, "Well, we're getting 
down to it." But we don't talk about the Caro- 
lina game other than to say it's going to be a 
big one. Johnny said that after we beat 
Clemson all hell's going to break loose, espe- 
cially if they (Carolina) lose one. 

I think some people can take winning for 
granted. When we arrived here at Duke, win- 
ning was not a habit— we had to learn how to 
win. While we were learning, we got our 
butts kicked by just about everyone. But we 
had a lot of potential. (An old coach I knew 
once said that potential was worth about ten 
cents a ton!) Being a Duke basketball player 
was not quite as prestigious then. We were 
beaten once by Wagner College. Wagner! 
What abuse. 


We beat Stetson by about 20 points. Mark 
and I went into a Burger King after the game, 
and a guy behind the counter asked how 
much we won by. We told him and he cried 
out, "Only 20?!" 

Only 20. When I was a freshman, a 
20-point win was cause for celebration; now 
it's no big deal. Everyone yawns— including 
us sometimes. We have come a long way. 

Johnny and I were talking about our team's 
development one day and we came up with a 
pretty good theory. Most freshmen in a good 
program get their mistakes covered up by the 
veterans, and they develop almost behind 
closed doors. We developed in front of every- 
body's face, with no help— we took our lumps 
in full view of the public. But that experi- 
ence, as nightmarish as it was, has prepared 
us for almost anything. 


Today is a travel day, and a day off. Days off 
are great things, kind of a reward for winning. 
When we were losing, we didn't have too 
many, and we had a lot more curfews. Coach 
K doesn't really restrict us on the road, but if 
we show we can't handle the freedom, it's 
gone. So far we've done okay. 

Tomorrow's practice would traditionally 
be tough. After a Wednesday game, a Thurs- 
day practice would be physical and tiring, 
while you're still a little banged up or tired 
from the game. Preparation for practice is 
more of a mental thing— Coach K expects 
sharpness and concentration. Getting ready 
for practice is easy now, but it used to be 
tough. If you weren't ready, you got eaten up. 
That's just part of experience. 

Friday will be an "easy" practice. We'll start 


off in the locker room and go over player 
personnel— who guards whom, left- or right- 
handed tendencies. Our coaches are very 
thorough with scouting reports. There's 
nothing we don't know about an opponent. 
That's not so much of an advantage but a 
necessity. Then we watch film of our oppo- 
nent and have a relatively light practice. But 
we have to be sharp. 

Now, what to do the night before a game. 
As freshmen, Mark Alarie, Bill Jackman, 
Danny Meagher, and I decided to hit a movie 
and kill some time. We were told that the 
movie didn't start for forty-five minutes, so 
we went into a nearby bar to play video 
games. The next day, the word was out that 
we were out drinking— and we lost that day. 
We learned the hard way that you have to be 
careful what you do and that you're not 
caught in a situation that could be miscon- 
strued. I tend to stay home and go to bed 
early, unless David Letterman is on TV. 


Reynolds Coliseum is a difficult place to 
play. It seems like they try to mess up our 
rhythm before the game. They always have 
brand new "slick" Spalding basketballs and 
when it's time for tip-off, they switch to 
MacGregor. Not a big deal, but I hate it any- 
way. Also, the players shoot together and talk 
before the game— and I don't like that either. 

I don't want to talk to State players before a 
big game. If they want to talk, we'll talk after 
the game. Also, when we were going in at 
halftime, a State fan was shouting at us, and 
the sound was loud and echoing under the 
stands. One of the last things he yelled was, 
"Hey, Bilas! You're a California faggot with 
AIDS!" I wanted to yell something back, but 
I didn't. I never do. 

We beat State by 2, on late free throws by 
Johnny. J.D got fouled with two seconds by 
Nate McMillan— and afterward in the locker 
room that's all we heard. "Was it really a foul?" 
"Nate said he didn't touch you!" Oh, well, if 
Nate says it, it must be true. Who cares?! If it 
was the other way around, would anyone lis- 
ten to us? 

People often ask if we think the officials 
have something against Duke. I don't think 
so, but one man once told me that Coach K 
rants and raves too much. He said it wasn't 
what he said, but how he said it. If he could be 
less abusive, he'd be more effective with the 
refs. Refs are human, too, and they don't like 
to be embarrassed. Who knows, maybe that 
guy was right, but I can't worry about that 

After we won, there was happiness that we 
won, but we knew we had a big one on Sun- 
day against Notre Dame. On the bus back, 
Mark, Quin [Snyder], and I talked about the 
season. In years past, only the teams like 

Georgetown or North Carolina had a 24-2 
record after twenty-six games. Maybe after 
the season we'll sit down and ponder what we 
really did this year, but for now, nobody is 
thinking about it. We really do have too 
much to do, and next is getting some sleep. 

But first, a meeting. Personnel meetings 
are really boring, but important. And our 
coaches are really efficient. We know all 
about the opposing players— almost too 
much. Coach Pete Gaudet usually goes 
through the scouting, and it's strange to see 
him serious. Gaudet is the biggest joker at 
Duke, and he's pretty funny. He goes through 
newspapers looking for headlines that apply 
to individuals on our team, and he posts them 
on the bulletin board in the locker room. 
When Danny Ferry was making his decision 
on college, I saw a TV promo for the news 
that said "Danny Ferry makes his decision. 
More at six o'clock." Oh, great. Where! So I 
called the basketball office and Coach 
Gaudet answered. 

"Did Danny commit today?" I asked. 

"Yes, he did," said Gaudet. And he hung 


It's tough to unwind after a tough game, 
but we had to get some sleep. I got to bed at 
about 1 a.m. and slept until 9:30 a.m. 

Sometimes it's hard for me to eat before a 


game, but I threw down a plate of spaghetti 
and everyone else ate his fill at 10 a.m. After 
we eat, at Trent Drive Hall, some of the guys 
play video games. Usually Johnny and Kevin 
Strickland play Pac-Man, and they're pretty 
competitive. They talk trash to each other 
and brag if they win— Johnny even brags if he 
loses. That's one thing about Johnny— you 
can't win an argument with him even if you're 
right. The guy is incredible. 

After the meal, I went back to my apart- 
ment for about an hour and a half. That's the 
strangest part of a game day— you can't really 
relax and you don't want to get too keyed up 
too soon. It's almost like waiting in a dentist's 

You could tell in the locker room that our 
guys were tired, but we knew that we'd do well 
in the game. Also, we were sporting our new 
blue shoes— a new trend for us. Everyone 
seemed excited about wearing them, includ- 
ing me. It seems kind of ironic that we'd 
break out the shoes against Notre Dame, 
which is known for trying that to fire up 

We beat Notre Dame last year and we don't 
want them to mess up our non-conference 
record of 16-0. I've never been a big Notre 
Dame fan because I lived and breathed 
UCLA back as a kid. 

After Johnny's big block to win the game, 
Coach K came in and told us we did a good 
job, we had a prayer, and took a shower. 
Coach K is not about to let up and enjoy this 
too much because he realizes how much we 
have left to do. He's confident in us, but he 
always works to be fully prepared. But you 
can tell by the expression on his wife Mickie's 
face that winning makes the Krzyzewskis' life 
much easier and much more enjoyable. 

In the '82 -'83 season, they didn't look as 
good— none of us did. You heard rumors 
about Coach K getting fired, and you had to 
wonder what people expected— we had no 
experience at all. We were just kids in a 
league of men. We knew it would change, 
but I don't know if we ever realistically 
thought our season would be this good. 


A day off! What a great invention that 
was. I slept right through the day, but I got up 
to clean our apartment. Mark and I are not 
the cleanliest pair in the world, like Tommy 
and Johnny. I roomed with Tommy in L.A. 
and Indiana, before we went overseas with a 
U.S. team. I thought I was being pretty tidy, 
but Tommy made me look like Oscar Madison 
of The Odd Couple. Johnny's the same way; 
both are ultra sharp dressers and neat as pins. 

I finally got the "pig sty" cleaned up, and 
it's going to stay that way. 


Today was a fairly light practice, some film, 
and a personnel meeting. Miami was coming 

When we won the game, 

the crowd went bananas: 

"We're No. 1! We're No. 

1!" And what's even 

nicer, it can get better 

than this. 

in here with all freshmen, and we knew we 
would win. But how would we play? That's 
one thing that Coach K has passed on to us; 
it's not enough just to win anymore, we want 
to play well and improve. 

The players get quite a bit of fan mail. I've 
always tried to answer each letter, but it's 
getting really difficult. The seniors are also 
getting mail from agents who might be inter- 
ested in representing us. Mark got a letter 
from a firm which was interested in him, and 
it said at the bottom, "Congratulations on a 
fine year in college football." Yeah, you've 
got a lot on the ball. 

We beat Miami without much of a prob- 
lem, but it wasn't our best game by any means. 
Miami is going to be really good in a couple 
of years. 

After the game, the seniors went to a 
senior class party to raise money for our class 
gift. It doesn't seem like we're ready to gradu- 
ate, but it's right on us. 

Thursday, February 20 

Some close friends of mine were having a 
mixer with some sorority girls from UNC, 
and I said I would stop by (obviously, a selfless 
gesture on my part). When I arrived, there 
were about sixty people there, and the Caro- 
lina-Maryland game was on the tube. Usual- 
ly, I would stay home and watch it, but we 
don't get much time at all to be social, so I 
wanted to take advantage of it. 

Carolina fans don't really annoy me; they 
should be proud of their team, and they show 
it. Having the get-together on a game night 
was probably not a great idea, because the 
guys are typical "anybody but Carolina" fel- 
lows. When the game got close, they would 
cheer, and the Carolina girls would get an- 
noyed. Probably not the ideal time to ask for 
a date. When Carolina was up by 9 with time 
running down, it seemed to be over, and 
people began turning their attention away 
from the game. When I looked back again it 
was in overtime. Overtime?! What hap- 
pened? Carolina lost, and everyone was 
chanting "We're No. 1! We're No. 1!" It was 
too much; I had to get out and go home. 
While driving back, it hit me: "Hey, we really 
could be No. 1!" I was excited and so was 
Alarie. We didn't expect this, but here was an 


Another film and personnel day, but every- 
one was a little more "up" for it. Coach K 
talked about the significance of Maryland's 
win, to put it in perspective. He likes to do 
that. Now we had the chance to win the con- 
ference outright, which was much more 
important. Everyone would downplay the 
No. 1 rank stuff, but it was damn important 
to us. We've come a long way and we want 
this. But Oklahoma stands in the way. 

The film sessions, which at times can be 
dull, were not so today. Oklahoma was im- 
pressive. Some of the shots they were throw- 
ing in were incredible, and this was all against 
the same team. They have an awesome poten- 
tial, and we'll have to be ready. 

Coach K told us today that Johnny was 
having his number retired. We were all really 
happy for him and proud of all his individual 
accomplishments. The school didn't want to 
retire it against Carolina, because it was 
Senior Day. It's fitting that Dawkins would 
get that honor in front of a packed house. He 
deserves that. 


At training meal, it was said that Okla- 
homa's Billy Tubbs didn't have a whole lot of 
respect for Duke. That just makes people 

Johnny's ceremony was really nice, but it 
was too bad we couldn't pay more attention 
to it. We had a game to play. 

We jumped out to a huge lead in the first 
half, but Oklahoma showed how good they 
were by making it up quickly. In the second 
half, both teams played some great basket- 
ball. When we had the game won, the crowd 
went bananas: "We're No. 1! We're No. 1!" It 
gave you chills. And what's even nicer, it can 
get better than this. 

After the game, the press converged on the 
locker room to find out what this No. 1 busi- 
ness meant to us. Being realistic, it doesn't 


mean that much unless you keep winning— 
but it means a lot to us. For those who suf- 
fered through that 11-17 year, this was a bit of 
retribution. I'd like to think we've got a 
mature enough team to handle all this. And 
I'm confident that we do. Who knows, 
though, maybe Carolina will stay at the top 
on Monday— everybody can overlook a loss 
if you wear that light blue. It would be nice, 
but it's not the end-all. 


My parents are in town, and I had them 
over to watch State vs. Carolina at my apart- 
ment (good thing I cleaned up on Monday). 
Danny and Quin came over also. That's an- 
other thing Coach K does well— recruit. He 
doesn't bring in jerks. All of our freshmen are 
great guys as well as quality athletes. We have 
such good people that the players aren't "class 
conscious." Nobody is treated any differently 
because he is a freshman, or a sophomore, 
etc., and that's a good thing. 

State won, and that made it pretty aca- 
demic: We were No. 1. All hell's going to 
break loose before long— and we'd better be 
ready for it. 


When I woke up today, I didn't feel any- 
thing out of the ordinary. I didn't expect any 
divine light to shine on me or anything— but 
it always seemed like when we were lousy a 
dark cloud followed us everywhere. 

We had a senior press conference today. 
Instead of having this stuff drag on all week, 
they decided to get it all out of the way in one 

We could see all of the stupid questions 
coming— asking us to be nostalgic about our 
four years before they're over, or to be philo- 
sophical about our relationships over the 
past four years. One even asked Mark if he 
would cry or throw roses to the crowd like 
Gene Banks did. But the foot-in-mouth, 
dumbest question of the year went to some 
guy who asked Weldon Williams if he felt 
like part of our class. Well, thank you so very 
much. He should' ve said, "Yes, but do you 
feel like you're part of the mainstream of 
society because you write for some Mickey 
Mouse paper people use to wrap fish in?" But 
Weldon fielded the question with class— no 
big surprise to me. 

What the press conference forced us to do 
was think about our last home appearance in 
Cameron. I've been trying to avoid that as 
much as possible, but it's going to be a sad 
thing. Winning would make it the greatest 
experience of our lives, and we'll be a happy 

Practice was short, and we talked about 
how our No. 1 ranking could be used against 
us by other teams as a motivational tool. The 
last time Duke was No. 1, they went to 
Clemson and were beaten. I don't believe in 

Victory eluded Duke in 
the NCAA finals. But 
from Durham to 
Dallas, the basketball program 
garnered dazzling reviews in 
the press -plus a cover story 
in Sports Illustrated. 

In the pre-championship 
game press conference, the 
Devils performed admirably. 
Historians were wondering, 
wrote one Dallas News 
columnist, if this wasn't "the 
most scholastic finalist team 
ever. We're talking Duke here, 
not Southwest Georgia Insti- 
tution of Peanut Hulling." 
Another writer for the paper 
described Duke as a team 
"whose players speak in poly- 
syllabic words and play with 
polytypic skill." He added: "In 
an age when college athletics 
often makes headlines for all 
the wrong reasons, Duke— 
where it might take a player 
four years for his point total to 
surpass his SAT score— seems 
so right." 

Duke's successful balance of 
academics and athletics was a 

body....Duke's players are 
smart, friendly, and 
funny."When he was a high 
school senior, confessed the 
columnist, he applied to Duke 
and was rejected. "That's 
another reason why I like 
Duke. As Groucho Marx said, 
I wouldn't want to join any 
club that would have 
: like me for a 

criminals and idiots to win. 
That's wrong. It can be done 
properly, but that takes work, 
and people seem to spend too 
much time looking for an 
easy way out in this auto- 
mated age." Bilas and his 
Duke successors, as the Star- 
Ledger put it, were "making it 

In his post-tournament 
analysis, Dave Anderson of 
The New York Times 
headlined his column: "Duke 
Won, Too." Wrote Anderson: 
"As memorable as the tide 
game always is, this Final Four 
weekend will also be remem- 
bered for a more important 
reason— Duke's proof that a 
college can produce a quality 
basketball team with quality 
student-athletes." At the 
player press conference, the 
five Blue Devil starters were 
"the epitome of what college 
basketball players should be," 
in Anderson's words. "Mature 
but humorous, clever but dis- 
ciplined. In their quiet, plea- 
sant manner, they realized 
who and what they 
were....Quickly, it was 
apparent that these five 
players were not representing 
Renegade State, where slam- 
dunking is considered a 
major." As one of those 
players— Johnny Dawkins— 
told Anderson and other 
reporters: "I think we've set 
new standards as far as 
academics and basketball are 
concerned. This team shows 
that they can go hand in 

coverage of the tournament. 
For a Hartford Courant 
columnist, the tournament 
occasioned thoughts on "Why 
I like Duke." Included in his 
list: "Duke has rigid academic 
standards and no athletic 
dorm. The players are ex- 
pected to live, act, and be held 
to the same standards as the 
rest of the student 

After the loss to Louisville, a 
sports observer for the Newark 
Star-Ledger contrasted Duke's 
players with the "so-called 
scholar-athletes (too often a 
classic misnomer) who tell us 
about the money the school 
makes using their skills and 
why they are entitled to spe- 
cial treatment." By way of 
counterpoint, the writer 
offered a quote from Jay Bilas, 
"who is not gifted enough to 
play pro ball but who is more 
than gifted in the matter of 
putting the college degree he 
will earn this May to work for 
him." Bilas' quoted comment: 
"There seems to be a mis- 
conception in America that a 
; team needs to have 

The team garnered appropri- 
ate recognition closer to 
home. "In these days of finan- 
cial and academic cheating at 
some major universities, we 
believe Duke's 1985-86 season 
shows the rest of the nation 
that success on the basketball 
court can be achieved without 
neglect of academic work," 
editorialized the Durham Sun. 
And as sports editor Charley 
Scher wrote in the Duke 
Chronicle: "They were 
defeated, but they were not 
losers....It was a season full of 
magic. The Blue Devils just 
ran out of tricks." 


that stuff, and neither does the rest of the 

I got some phone calls from people I hadn't 
heard from in a long time that night, but I 
enjoyed it, as long as they don't call collect. 


Today will definitely be the worst travel 
day of the year. We travel to Clemson by bus, 
and it takes about five-and-a-half hours. A 
real "crappy" trip, to put it mildly. We're used 
to bus trips, but it's hard to break up the 
monotony. Once on a trip we locked Quin 
Snyder in the bathroom. We could only keep 
him in there for about fifteen minutes, and 
he was really mad. 

Everybody does something different on 
the bus. Johnny, David, and Tommy sleep, 
Mark is doing a crossword puzzle, John Smith 
is sprawled out trying to get his six-foot-nine 
body comfortable, Quin and I are playing 
music, while Ferry and Strickland are play- 
ing backgammon. Marty Nessley is by far the 
most uncomfortable— but it'll be over soon. 

When I look around this bus I think about 
how lucky I am to be associated with these 
guys. They're not only great players and ath- 
letes, but great people. I really marvel at some 
of the things our guys can do. Johnny can do 
anything— I often want to just stop and ap- 
plaud him. He's been awesome and consis- 
tent, an all-time great. Mark has, in my 
opinion, the prettiest and most accurate 
jumper in the college game. David is the ulti- 
mate competitor and as tough as they come. 

The strangest part of the 

game day is you can't 

really relax and yet don't 

want to get too keyed up 

too soon. It's almost like 

waiting in a dentist's 


I also really marvel at the way Tommy plays 
the game. He's smart, unselfish, and an awe- 
some defender. His impact on the game is 
"subtly huge" and often overlooked. 

I've always felt that I would do almost any- 
thing for these guys, and I still do. I'm fortu- 
nate to be identified with them. 

It's 4:45 p.m. , and the bus trip is starting to 
wind down. Whenever someone wants to 
know where we are, or how far we are from 
Clemson, they just ask Marty. We call Marty 
"Omni," because he seems to know every- 
thing that you don't really need to know. He 
knows where everything is in each city we 
visit— it's almost amazing. 

Practice was difficult. We looked sluggish 
from the bus ride, and it showed in our play. 

Coach K told us that in all the games we've 
played so far, no one has given us anything, 
so don't expect to be given anything tomor- 
row. Go out and take. 

Our practices are usually very structured. 
Coach K has a written "menu" for practice— 
we start out with fifteen minutes or so of 
stretching. Then we jump rope and do a warm- 
up run before we start the heavy stuff. Today 
we did a lot of shooting, to get accustomed to 
Littlejohn Coliseum. We also split the team 
up and play shooting games. At the end of 
each practice we shoot ten out of thirteen 
free throws. If we don't get it, we run and 
shoot until we do. 

We have a good opportunity now, but we 
have to be single minded against Clemson. 

Wednesday, February 26 

"Eleven— that was the number Coach K 
wrote on the chalkboard before the game. 
We could be the first team in the conference 
with eleven wins. Clemson was tough, but 
we were able to take their best right on the 
chin and come out a winner. 

When we came into the locker room, every- 
one was laughing and giving congratulations, 
and Coach K gave his post-game speech. He 
asked us to sit back and think about what 
we've done this season. Twenty-eight wins- 
more than any Duke team has ever won— 
ever. (He said "ever" about four times.) 

That gave us a good feeling going back on 
the bus, but it had to last five hours on the 
road. We usually stop at a fast-food place 


after the game and eat on the bus. We put on 
an Eddie Murphy tape and laughed away an 
hour of the trip back. That's one good thing 
about being a senior, no more trips to Clemson. 

Thursday, February 27 

We had a "semi" day off today. There was 
no organized practice, but we watched film 
and shot around for a while. I played a few 
h-o-r-s-e games with Quin and lifted weights 
before calling it a day. 

Everyone we saw seemed unusually excited 
about the upcoming game, and we were no 
different. The last game for us in Cameron; it 
really is hard to believe. 


Sometimes in practice, nobody is home. 
Things don't go well, mistakes run rampant, 
and we're not getting anything accomplished. 
When that happens, the coach will throw us 
out of practice— tell us to get out and come 
back tomorrow with a better handle on 
things. That used to happen ever so often, 
especially when we were just learning and 
losing. Not many people would expect it to 
happen when a team is 28-2. 

It happened today. 

We didn't really know what to do— we have 
the biggest game of the year in two days; we 
can't just go home. 

We had a meeting in the locker room. 
Coach K came in and talked about the op- 
portunities we had, and asked if we realized 
how close we were to what we've always 
dreamed of. To some people, that kind of 
Knute Rockne stuff could be seen as "just 
talk." But when Coach K talks about things 
like that, he gets big goose bumps all over his 
legs and arms. If that's not sincerity, I don't 
know what is. 

We went out and practiced again, with a 
clear focus, and it was our best practice in a 
few weeks. After practice, we went to the 
Angus Barn restaurant to have a nice dinner. 

We had a 1 p.m. practice today, and our last 
home game is starting to sink in. NBC is in 
town doing the game, and you can feel the 
excitement in the air. After a short practice, 
we showered up and were about to leave 
when some NBC guys stopped Mark and me 
for "head shots" for the next day's line-ups. 
The only problem was, I hadn't shaved in a 
couple of days. Usually we are told about 
head shots the day before so we can be pre- 
pared. Great. last home game and I go 
on TV looking like Fred Flintstone. While 
they were filming it, someone asked for my 
name and number to put with my face. When 
he was told, the guy replied, "Jay who?" I just 
started laughing; it was just so funny at the 
time— broke some tension. 

It was difficult to get to sleep that night. 
Both Mark and I were a bit edgy. After we 

had been asleep awhile, a police officer 
knocked on our door. There was an "emer- 
gency message" for Mark from someone he'd 
never heard of. That's happened before, but 
we weren't asleep. 

We woke a little nervous today, and after 
we returned from training meal at 10 a.m., I 
noticed someone following us back to our 
apartment. It was a nice lady and her son 
who wanted an autograph— but I never saw 
how they found us. 

As we got out of the car for our training 
meal, Mark said, "Oh no, the Last Supper." I 
laughed, but it really was our last home pre- 
game meal. When we went over to the game, 
people cheered us when we got out of the car, 
and I took my mom into the gym with me. To 
get in, we had to get through the crowd, and 
they chanted, "Jay, Jay, Jay, Jay," and, when 
they saw my mom, they chanted, "Mom, 
Mom, Mom." Our students are so great. I'm 
constantly amazed by their creativity and 
togetherness. One sign at the game said, 
"What do North Carolina and Ferdinand 
Marcos have in common? They were both 
No. 1 two weeks ago!" Sometime it would be 
great just to sit and watch the students 

Before the game, Al McGuire and Dick 
Enberg came out to play with our students. 
McGuire had on a safari hat, a whip, and a 
chair, while Enberg had about 10 pounds of 
peanuts for the "animals in the Duke Zoo." 
The students have been a big part of our 
careers and a big part of our success. 

Once I started to get dressed, I thought to 
myself, "This is the last time I'll suit up at 
home." Fortunately, I didn't worry about each 
individual thing I put on. 

There was a lot going on in today's game— 
Johnny would break Mike Gminski's all-time 
scoring record, we could win the ACC regu- 
lar season championship, go unbeaten at 
home, avenge our earlier loss, win in the 
seniors' last home game— nothing like a little 
pressure. It seems strange, at 28-2, if we 
lose— we're devastated. 

Eighty-two to 74, we won. What a day! 
The emotion, the excitement, and finally 
the elation. Atlantic Coast Conference 
Champions. What a way to end our years in 
Cameron. Sitting in the locker room, after 
the crowd rushed out on the floor to cele- 
brate, we all had a good feeling that nobody 
else could experience in the same way. We've 
come so far, gone through so much together, 
and now we can call ourselves champions. 
That feels... special. 

As good as we feel now, the good part is— it 
can get better. 

Thursday, March 6 

I love the ACC Tournament- especially 
in Greensboro. Atlanta holds some poor 
memories for us: Virginia handing us our 
worst defeat, our losing to Georgia Tech last 
year while short-handed. Today is media day. 
We have a short practice and face all the 

We play Wake Forest in the first round, and 
we know we're going to win. And that can be 
dangerous, because we want to play well. 

The hotel is a difficult place to stay at tour- 
nament time. You don't want to stay in your 
room and stagnate. If you go downstairs to 
walk around, you can bank on giving out 
autographs and talking for a long time, be- 
cause there are people everywhere. It could 
be worse : There could be nobody there at all . 
Even in your worst mood, you have to love 


the people around the program. They've al- 
ways been so good to us. 

Friday, March 7 

Game day: No time to think about things. 
You j ust go out and play. You have to go to bed 
the night before thinking about the game. 
We play at noon, come back, eat, have a 
meeting to talk about our next opponent, 
and rest. There's not a whole lot of time to do 
anything else. 

We win, but we didn't play well at all. 
Winning is a good feeling in itself, I guess. I 
can remember playing well and losing— not 
a good feeling. 

We play Virginia tomorrow, and that's kind 
of ironic. Now we're seniors and there's no 
way they're going to knock us out of this tour- 
nament. We've beaten them six times in a 
row— and No. 7 is coming up. I've got Polynice, 
and I've always been successful against him. 
I can't wait to play, but I'd sure like more time 
to rest. 

After a stunning season 
of dunks, blocks, 
zones, and passes, 
Duke's senior basketball 
players are ready to go one-on- 
one with the world beyond 
the university. All five were 
participants in Duke's drama- 
tic climb from an 11-17 season 
their freshman year to an 
NCAA record of 37-3 three 
years later, taking Duke to its 
third appearance in an NCAA 
basketball championship 
game. And all five received 


The group of s 
Johnny Dawkins, Mark 
Alarie, David Henderson, Jay 
Bibs, and Weldon Williams- 
contributed mightily to the 
success of Duke basketball. 
Four scored more than 1,000 
career points: Dawkins with 
2,556, Alarie with 2,136, 

li 1,570, and 

i, whose No. 24 was 
retired, broke all manner of 
sports records at Duke, includ- 
ing career goals (1,026). He 
was also Duke's first two-time 

consensus first-team All- 
America. Having led Duke in 
scoring all four years— with an 
average this season of 20.2 
points -he collected the 
Naismith Award as national 
player of the year. A clear 
superstar on a team that 
downplays the individual, the 
political science major won 
the respect of his fellow 
players by combining remark- 
able talent with ready leader- 
ship. As Coach Mike 
Krzyzewski once said, "God 
didn't make many Dawkinses." 

Dawkins and teammate 
Mark Alarie started all 133 
games of their careers and 
finished with a combined total 
of 4,692 points, the highest 
scoring tandem in NCAA his- 
tory. Alarie, Duke's top 
rebo under for three of his 
four seasons, this year also led 
the team in foul shooting and 
in blocked shots. And, he tied 
Dawkins for the team lead in 
dunks— with twenty-nine. 
Alarie was the one that got 
away from Notre Dame and 
Stanford during an under- 
standably intensive recruiting 
war, opting instead for Duke 

basketball and economics. 

A native North Carolinian, 
economics major David 
Henderson had the best sea- 
son of his college career, lead- 
ing the team in charges taken 
(twenty-two), and topping his 
previous percentages in scor- 
ing, field goals, free throws, 
and rebounding. He set the 
tone for the season by walking 
off with MVP honors when 
Duke beat Kansas in the Big 
Apple NIT finals. 

Political science major Jay 
Bilas led the team in field goal 
percentage with 59.4, extend- 
ing the mark to 65.4 in post- 
season play this year. He and 
Alarie were both West Coast 
eager stars in high school. 

Williams was a contributor 
in practice and as a reserve 
player. Off the court, he chose 
a rigorous major in bio- 
medical engineering. As he 
told The Chronicle, "When I 
came to Duke, I set one major 
goal, and that was to graduate 
and graduate on ume....l don't 
like for anyone to think that 
I'm just Weldon Williams the 
basketball playet" 

The fire alarm went off last night and we 
all went down fourteen flights of stairs to find 
out it was nothing. Of course, had I stayed in 
my room, I'm sure it would have been a tower- 
ing inferno. 

Another afternoon game today, but we 
seem pretty fresh. Virginia gives us a great 
time, but we play well and win. One more 

I couldn't stop thinking about the '83 tour- 
nament game with Virginia that we lost, 
109-66. When it was clear today that we had 
won, I looked around during a free throw and 
I noticed that none of these guys was even 
there when that game was played. They were 
all in high school. But the win feels good 

Saturday night is when you can really feel 
the fatigue, but you can also feel the excite- 
ment. In 1984, we ran out of gas m the ACC 
Final against Maryland. I know that won't 
happen this year. It was loose and exciting at 
the pre-game meal, and everyone knew what 
had to be done. 

One point separated victory from defeat, 
ecstasy from agony. I couldn't help but feel 
bad for Tech, but I'm glad we won. Actually, 
"glad" doesn't quite cover how we felt. This 
was a long quest and we had gotten the mon- 
key off our back, and we were loving every 
minute of it. As we celebrated, I looked over 
at the Tech guys... and they looked so devas- 
tated. It makes you realize that there's more 
to life than just a basketball game. But not 
during those forty minutes. 

Alarie and I were joking around and laugh- 
ing after the game, letting go of some nerv- 
ous tension that had built up for so long. 
And the topic of championship rings came 


up: Which finger do I wear it on? "Hey, Ralph 
Sampson, want to see my ACC Champion- 
ship ring? Oh, I'm sorry. I forgot, you don't 
have one." Needless to say, we had a good 

On the way back, we asked the trainer, 
Max Crowder, if we could stop and grab a 
hamburger. A resounding "No!" came from 
our resident hard-ass. Then Mark said, "Max, 
what do we have to do to get a hamburger 
around here?" Max is always the tough guy, 
but he's really great. When they make sports 
movies, there's always a bald, cherry-faced 
trainer named Max with a quick temper and 
a bellowing laugh. But we've got the original. 

When the conquering heroes arrived 
home, there was nobody there. We always 
envisioned a major party for the oF ACC 
Champions. But you know what? We were so 
happy, I couldn't care less! 

ACC Champions. ..a nice ring to that. 

It's so great to be seeded in the East Re- 
gion. It's almost a reward for playing well all 
year. We play in Greensboro, the site of our 
latest triumph. Not having to travel will be 
great. Going to Pullman, Washington, and 
Houston the two years before was kind of 
draining on us. I don't care who we play, I'm 
just happy we're in the East. 

Mark got his picture on the cover of Sports 
Illustrated, a major accomplishment in any- 
body's book. Everyone was asking him if he 
needed a copy or wanted another, and he 
would say "Yes," adding to a stack of forty in 
our apartment. Mark's a great guy, and I really 
have fun giving him the business. But he 
always seems to get me back one better. 

Everyone is really excited about the tour- 
nament, but now the critics come out and 
make their voices heard. Roy Firestone says 
in USA Today that Duke will make an early 
exit. Can they do it without an "aircraft car- 
rier" in the middle? We'll find out, but don't 
bet the farm on us losing. Because it might 
not happen. 


I was sitting behind David and Tommy in 
the locker room getting undressed when I 
suddenly picked up all my stuff and moved 
across the room to another seat. 

"What's wrong, Jay? Aren't we good enough 
for you?" David said with a smile. 

"No, it's not that," I said. "It's just that I sat 
here during the whole ACC Tournament." 

"You're not superstitious, are you?" he 

"No, but why risk it?" 

Then everyone picked up his stuff and 
moved where he had been before. 

I was kind of scared of Mississippi Valley 
State. After a great triumph in Greensboro, 
we were going back to face a team the media 
said shouldn't be in the same place with us. 

After the game, there 

was a euphoric feeling in 

the locker room, not a 

lot of jumping around, 

just a kind of "yeah, we 

did it!" feeling that 

makes everything we go 

through worthwhile. 

They were so unorthodox that it was like 
playing a pickup game— none of their guys 
posted up, they ran no offenses, they just took 
it down and threw it up. They gave us a good 
game, but we were embarrassed about only 
winning by 8 points. Looking back, didn't 
everyone get what they needed? They got 
some national attention and respect, and we 
got a victory. 

Saturday, March 15 

Old Dominion didn't really seem to have a 
whole lot of respect for our team. One of 
their players said we're not different from 
them: We put on our uniforms the same way 
they do. Good point, but we're going to put 
ours on again in New Jersey and they're not. 
After the game, someone from Old Domi- 
nion said we'd been weak on inside defense. 
Did he check the box score when he said 

Thursday, March 20 

We're staying in the same hotel in New 
Jersey where we stayed at in the NIT tour- 
nament, so the surroundings are fairly fami- 
liar. You can really feel the excitement build- 
ing in the hotel. Everyone wants to go to the 
Final Four— but no one wants it more than 
the players do. 

The Final Four is a dream of every player, 
and it's so close you can almost reach out and 
touch it. It almost gives you chills just to 
think about it. 


We pounded DePaul on the boards, and 
out-rebounded them by 20, which showed 
people you don't have to be 7 feet tall to be a 
good inside player, that you can make up for 
it with a little inside grit. Now Navy's after 
us, and David Robinson says he's going to go 
where he wants against us. Well, he'll have to 
earn every point he gets. 


We were with Robinson all the way, and 
they said we couldn't stop him. I was right on 

top of Dawkins when he made that dunk. I 
think we should have stopped the game and 
given him a standing ovation. I'm sure Navy 
thought so, too. It was one of the most amaz- 
ing plays I've ever seen. We didn't jump 
around after the game, and now we've got the 
label of "the team that has no fun." We're 
called methodical, stone-faced, the team 
that has all the pressure to win— but we do 
have fun. The press should sit in on a team 
meal or hang around in the locker room after 
practice. We probably have too much fun— 
or is that possible? 

Wednesday, March 26 

The week before we took off for Dallas was 
great. I was really surprised by how many 
people recognized us when we were out, even 
in other cities. That's really fun for me, being 
from a large media area with pro sports and 
movie stars. I'm just a "regular guy," and at 
school people know me, so it's a nice mix: 
not too much celebrity and not complete 


We got off the plane in Dallas to a nice 
warm reception-a good start to what should 
be a memorable weekend. The hotel is 
beautiful— Plaza of the Americas— and Duke 
is certainly represented well by all its die- 
hard supporters. Today, there was a trip to 
South Fork— J. R. Ewing's ranch on the TV 
show Dallas. I didn't go to the ranch: I knew 
it was nothing more than a house, and I 
didn't want to get up that early. But Johnny 
and David eat, sleep, and breathe Dallas. Fri- 
day nights at 9 p.m. they're in front of the 
tube, phone off the hook, and no one's get- 
ting in unless they've got a darn good reason. 

Coach K keeps telling us to enjoy Dallas 
while we're here, but to stay focused on the 
plan. He says we're not going to have to do 
anything differently to win here than we've 
done all season long. This is his first time in 
the Final Four, too. 


We were lucky that Kansas had an off 
night. I think we bothered them some in- 
side. Against Manning, Mark did a great job 
on defense. He's my roommate, so I have to 
put in a plug for him if I want to use the 

Sunday, March 30 

We just had a huge press conference, and 
everyone got a chance to see what Duke is all 
about. The five starters and Coach K all 
answered questions, and we had a great time. 
We joked and ribbed each other and put the 
idea that "Duke has no fun" to rest. Everyone 
spoke. I remember Mark talking and losing 
his train of thought for just a second. It 
wasn't a crime or anything, but Johnny 
leaned over and said, "No commercials for 


*^ * 

We were asked if we have any pro ambi- 
tions. I said I'd give my right arm to play in 
the pros, but there's not much call for one- 
armed players. 

After the press conference, somebody said 
that we were "America's team." We don't wave 
a flag. We do stand for something, though— 
for doing things the right way, for being stu- 
dent-athletes, for all that Knute Rockne rah- 
rah stuff. We believe in that. We didn't go 
into that press conference thinking about 
showing off. But we are articulate players, we 
do have a good time together, and we were 
just being ourselves. 

We've all heard that Louisville is a second- 
half team, so we're very conscious of the 
importance of doing well in the last minutes 
of the first half and the first five minutes of 
the second. The plan is to take the wind out 
of their sails and blow them away. 


Our game plan for Louisville wa:> the same 
as every game, good defense and strong re- 
bounding. We hadn't counted on shooting 
so poorly. It's frustrating to know that some- 
thing that's carried you so far through the 
season leaves you when you need it most. It 
wasn't like we needed 60 percent; we needed 
two baskets, and maybe two calls. 

The only time I felt it was really slipping 
away was inthe last three seconds, when we 
were down by one. Even then, they had the 
ball out of bounds under our basket and I 

We won everything we 

touched, except for the 

last game. Everything 

we saw, we took, and 

that's nice. 

thought if we could hold them for a five- 
second call, we'd win. They got the ball, we 
had to foul right away, and the game was over. 

Tuesday, April 1 

I didn't go to sleep last night, having stayed 
up late anyway and deciding that two hours 
wouldn't do me any good. I spent a lot of time 
with my family. I thought about having my 
career over, and how two baskets would have 
made such a difference. On the way to the 
game, a kid had stopped me in the elevator 
and said: "Y'all better win tonight. We don't 
need another second place." He didn't mean 
anything by it, but it gets me thinking, how 
many people did we let down? Who cares? I 
let myself down. The supporters get to watch 
Duke play every year, but I only get to play for 
four. It was a chance in a lifetime for me and 
we did the best we could. That's the saving 

I expected something back in Durham 
because I knew people appreciated the year. 
But I didn't expect the turnout. That's a great 
feeling. I don't look at those people as fans, I 
really look at them as my friends, especially 
the students. 

As a team, we're a tough group, but we 
didn't start out that way. It was almost a 
conscious decision: Did we want to be good 
or great? Playing together for four years, we 
learned through a pretty slow process how to 
be champions. We learned what it takes. We 
were so close in so many situations but didn't 
make it. This year we did. We won everything 
we touched, except for the last game. Every- 
thing we saw, we took, and that's nice. 

I haven't watched the tape of the Louisville 
game, and I don't know if I'll ever really want 
to. It just doesn't seem like a fitting end. As 
the years go by, I might not remember all of 
the scores, points, rebounds, or situations— 
but I'll remember the talent and athletic 
ability of a Johnny Dawkins, the way Tommy 
Amaker can control an entire game, the 
beauty of Mark Alarie's jump shot, and the 
determination of David Henderson. But 
most of all, I'll remember how lucky I was to 
be associated with these people. 

I may look at that Louisville tape someday, 
and we'll always come up three points short. 
But I know one thing in my heart: We are 
champions. ■ 


John H. Hickey J.D. '80, formerly an attorney 
with Smathers & Thompson, Miami, Fla., is now an 
attorney with Homsby & Whisenand, also in Miami. 

James S. Jones '80 is president of Kelco Oil Co. 
in Youngstown, Ohio. He and his wife, Kelly, have a 

John Livingston Kinlaw Ed.D. '80 is the super- 
intendent of the Reidsville city schools. He and his 
wife, Susan, have two daughters. 

Craig J. Marshak '80 graduated from Harvard 
Law School in June. He is an associate with the invest- 
ment banking firm Wertheim & Co. in New York 

'80 is an assistant vice president 
of commercial lending for Marine Bank. He lives in 
Milwaukee, Wise, with his wife, Bonnie. 

Frank B. Murphy '80, M.H.A. '82 was promoted 
to administrator of Doctors Hospital, Atlanta, Ga., an 
affiliate of the Hospital Corp. of America. He and his 
wife, Amy, live in Atlanta with their daughter. 

Warren Weber B.S.E. '80 completed his 
in computer science at Johns Hopkins and 
terns engineer with ESL, Inc., a defense c 
Hanover, Md. He and his wife, Jai 
Weber B.S.E. '82, live in Columbia, Md. She is pur- 
suing her M.B.A. at Loyola College in Baltimore and 
is a systems engineer for BDM Corp., also a defense 

Ivy Berg '81 is a labor attorney with Paul, Hastings, 
Janofsky &. Walker in Los Angeles, where she lives 
with her husband, Glenn Scott Kagan. 

Carey J. Burke '81, M.H.A. '84 completed an 
administrative residency at West Florida Regional 
Medical Center in Pensacola, Fla., and is now an 
assistant administrator at Redmond Park Hospital in 
Rome, Ga. 

Thomas E. Cole Jr. '81 received his M.B.A. from 
the University of Chicago Business School in June 
1984. He is a financial analyst for IBM and lives in 
Hopewell Junction, N.Y., with his wife, Margaret. 

Mark Allison Fulcher '81 transferred to the US. 
Navy after serving four years in the U.S. Marine 
Corps as an infantry officer. He is attending Basic 
Underwater Demolition/Sea Air Land School in San 
Diego, Calif., leading to qualification as a special war- 
fare officer. 

Nancy Walters Harman '81 received her B.S.N, 
from UNC-Chapel Hill in May 1984 and has been 
working at the N.C. Jaycee Burn Center. She, her hus- 
band, Harvey Penrose Harman '81, and their 
son are moving to the Transkei in South Africa, one 
of the black homelands, where they will be doing 
community development. Harvey will focus on irriga- 
tion schemes and agricultural projects, and Nancy 
will work on health care and education. 

Jay Hodgens B.S.E. '81 is assistant public health 
engineer for the Putman County Health Department 
in New York. He and his wife, Linda Seymour 
Hodgens B.S.N. '81, live in Carmel, N.Y., with 
their two sons. 

Terri L. Mascherin '81 is an associate with the 
Chicago law firm Jenner & Block. In 1984, she gradu- 
ated cum laude and Order of the Coif from North- 
western University's law school, where she was 
managing editor of the Journal of Criminal law and 
Criminology and chaired the Moot Court Board. She 
and her husband, Thomas W. Abendroth, live in 

Julie Cole Obermeyer '81 is a consultant with 
Arthur Andersen & Co. in New York City, where she 
lives with her husband, Joseph. 

received his J.D. degree from 
Northwestern University's law school in 1984. He i 

practicing real estate law fot the law firm Lillick, 
McHose 6s. Charles in Los Angeles, Calif. 

H. Scott Smith '81 is a petroleum geologist for 
Guernsey Petroleum Corp., New Orleans, and also 
does geologic consultant work as Smith Energy Co. 
He and his wife, Elizabeth, live in Metairie, La., with 
their son. 

an Cox M.D. '82 is a cardiology fellow at 
Brigham and Womens Hospital in Boston, where he 
recently completed a residency in internal medicine. 
He and his wife, Emily, live in Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Kenneth Mitchell Cox '82 received his J.D. from 
Vanderbilt University's law school and has a one-year 
appointment as a law clerk to Chief Judge Pierce 
Lively of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th 

Nicholas Gravante '82 graduated in May from 
Columbia Law School and is now an associate with 
Cravath, Swaine & Moore in New York City. 

Randy M. Haldeman B.S.E.E. '82 left Harris 
Corp. in Melbourne, Fla., and is now a CAE applica- 
tions engineer for Daisy Systems Corp. in Mountain 
View, Calif. He lives in Sunnyvale. 

received his M .D. 
from the University of Pittsburgh, graduating cum 
laude. He is now in family practice residency at 
Contra Costa County Hospital in Martinez, Calif. 

Mark Lerner '82 is a third-year student at Duke's 
medical school and works in the surgical virology 

Marguerite Henry Oetting '82 is a medical stu- 
dent in Boston, Mass. Her husband, Tom Oetting 
'82, is a first lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force. 

Anne Kasper Person '82 is the director of cor- 
porate sales for the Lipton International Players 

Ring in Another Annual Fund Success 

The Annual Fund year is drawing to a 
close. To reach the 1985-86 goal of $4.75 
million by June 30, Duke needs the support 
of all her alumni, parents and friends. Help 
keep this a bell-ringing year for Duke 

In case you need a little inspiration, 
Class Agents Conrad and Jackie McNair, 
'52, offer this adaptation of the Duke Fight 

Duke, we thy coffers raise, 
To meet expenses untold, 
And prove that our student days 
Were worth their weight in gold. 
(It's so rejuvenating!) 
Proud Duke alumni, 

Remember Duke depends on you, 

So give with the spirit true 

For the love of old D.U. 


All right! All right! 

I'll write my check tonight. 

2127 Campus Drive 
Duke University 
Durham, NC 27706 
(919) 684-4419 


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ACE 9-17 




Individualized instruction in all base- 
ball fundamentals 

Modern dormitory accommodations 

Proper supervision— 24 hours 

Excellent baseball facility 


DURHAM, NC 27705 


Championships, a professional tennis event in Boca 
Raton, Fla. 

Karen A. Sartin '82 is an account executive at the 
Pittsburgh office of Hill and Knowlton, Inc., a public 
relations/public affairs counseling firm. 

Katherine Ann Smock '82 is in the M.B.A. pro- 
gram at the University of Michigan. 

John Arthur Strong '82 is a medical student at 
Michigan State University. His wife, Kimberly 
Menke Strong '82, is the business manager of the 
East Pavis Medical and Diagnostic Center in Grand 
Rapids, Mich. They live in East Lansing. 

Janet Munroe Weber B.S.E. '82 is a systems 
engineer with BDM Corp. She is also pursuing her 
M.B.A. at Loyola College in Baltimore. Her husband, 
Warren Weber B.S.E. '80, recently completed his 
master's in computer science at Johns Hopkins and is 
a systems engineer for ESL, Inc. They live in 
Columbia, Md. 

M.Div. '82 is the author of No 
Pain, No Gain: Hope For Those Who Straggle, pub- 
lished by Ballantine/Epiphany Books. The book is a 
spiritual guide that applies the "no pain, no gain" 

Joseph Zirkman '82 is completing his J.D. at 
Brooklyn Law School and is an editor on the Brooklyn 
Law Review. After graduation, he will work for the 
firm Baer, Marks &. Upham. 

Gary Alan Brown '83 is a financial consultant 
with the investment firm Shearson Lehman Brothers 
in Beverly Hills, Calif. 

A.M. '83 is a manager with the 
Foreign Policy Association. 

Julian Abele Cook III '83 received his M.P.A. 
from Columbia University's School of International 
and Public Affairs in May. He is now a law student at 
the University of Virginia. 

Keith R. Forbes B.S.M.E. '83, a project officer at 
Elgin Air Force Base, Fla., was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant in the U.S. Air Force. ■ 

Richard Martin Franza M.B.A. '83 was pro- 
moted to captain in the U.S. Air Force. He is an 
acquisition project officer at Hanscom Air Force Base 
in Massachusetts with the electronic systems division. 

Alice F. Giesecke B.S.N. '83 worked for two years 
as a staff and charge nurse in general medical inten- 
sive care at the Medical College of Virginia. After her 
marriage in June, she spent two-and-a-half months in 
Europe. She and her husband, Joseph H. Johnson Jr., 
live in Seattle, Wash. 

Jill Goldberg '83 received an M.B.A. in May from 
Columbia University. She works in New York City for 
A. T. Kearney, Inc., an international management 
consulting firm. 

Paula G. Litner '83 graduated in May from the 
University of Michigan Business School. She works as 
a marketing research analyst for the Quaker Oats Co. 
in Chicago. 

Gregory J. Meese '83, M.B.A. '85, M.E.M. '85 is 

a commercial analyst at Westvaco's mill in Covington, 


Keith N. Phillippi B.H.S. '83 is a first-year student 

at the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta. 

Valerie Schwam '83 is an account coordinator for 
Cosmopulos, Crowley &. Daly, a Boston advertising 

Susan M. Stuart '83 is a medical student at the 
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. 

Geri Hallerman Waksler '83 is director of sales 
and marketing at the Casa Ybel Resort on Sanibel 
Island, Fla. 

Mary Wynn Bessenger B.S.E. E. '84 is an engi- 
neering and scientific marketing representative for 
IBM. She lives in Huntington, N.Y. 

Rakesh Kumar Bhala '84 is pursuing a master's 
in management at Oxford University as a Marshall 

L. Finkelman '84 is participating in 
the cooperative legal education program at North- 
western University's law school. He will take four 
quarters of full-time apprenticeship at law, along with 
seven quarters of traditional academic study. 

Karen Ann Hohe '84 is pursuing her master's in 
hydrologic geochemistry at the University of Arizona. 
She and her husband, Barton J. Suchomel, live in 

Douglas M. Horner '84 is a second-year graduate 
student in the master's degree program in public 
policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, 
concentrating in national security studies. He lives in 
Cambridge, Mass. 

Charles B. Kime '84 is a second-year medical stu- 
dent at the University of Connecticut's medical 
school in Farmington. His wife, Linda Mitchell 

Kime '84, is in the nursing program at Greater 
Hartford Community College to earn her R.N. 
degree. They live in New Britain, Conn. 

Nancy Elizabeth LaParo '84 is a software engi- 
neer for AT&T Bell Laboratories. She is also pursuing 
a master's in computer science at the University of 
Southern California. She and her husband, Aaron 
Watters, live in Los Angeles. 

■ R. Monroe A.M. '84 is administrator 
for scheduling and marketing with RCA Records in 
Nashville. She lives in Kingston, Tenn. 

Ted L. Williams M.B.A. '84 was promoted to 

assistant head of the personnel office at the Research 
Triangle Institute in the Research Triangle Park. 

Ph.D. '84 is a visiting profesr 
sor of economics at Wittenberg University in Spring- 
field, Ohio. 

Joseph A. Francis '85 is a member of the Com- 
puter Imaging Systems Group at R/Greenburg Asso- 
ciates, generating 3D computer graphics for motion 
picture and television special effects. He lives in New 
York City. 

Lois L. Hodgkinson M.Div. '85 is associate 
pastor at the United Methodist Church of Port 
Washington, N.Y. 

Gordon Kamisar J.D. '85 is an associate with the 
San Francisco law firm McCutchen, Doyle, Brown & 

Nancy Lee Kesselman '85 has entered the 

master's degree program at the Thunderbird campus of 
the American Graduate School of International 
Management in Glendale, Ariz. 

Robert Francis Sommer Ph.D. '85 is an assist- 
ant professor of English at Rutgers University's 
Newark campus. He lives in Pine Bush, N.Y., with his 
wife and two children. 

Henry M. Quillian III B.S.E. '85, a student at the 
University of Georgia's law school, received the 
Arthur L. Williston Medal of the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers at its annual meeting in 
November. The award is given for the best paper sub- 
mitted. Quillian's was titled, "Democracy: Lost to the 

MARRIAGES: Russell McMInn '80 to Bonnie J. 
Hamilton on Nov. 10, 1984. Residence: 
Milwaukee . . . Elizabeth "Lisa" Hale 

Melcher '80 to Bernard Joseph Clarke Jr. on Oct. 
5 . . . Nancy C. Plumley M.S. '80 to Steven L. 
Kaufman on May 18. Residence: Chapel Hill, 

N.C Stuart T. Schwartz '80 to Mindy 

Sharon Rosenbloom on Nov. 16 ... Ivy Berg '81 to 
Glenn Scott Kagan on Sept. 8. Residence: Los 
Angeles . . . Julie Cole '81 to Joseph Ohermeyer in 
Boston. Residence: New Yotk City . . . Thomas E. 
Cole Jr. '81 to Margaret Wahlig on Sept. 22, 1984. 
Residence: Hopewell Junction, N.Y. . . . Hope 
Golembiewski '81 to Gtegory Robert OBrian on 
May 18. Residence: Durham . . . Cynthia Norton 
Hall '81 to Jonathan E. Snyder on July 13. Residence: 
Oklahoma City, Okla. . . . Terri L. Mascherin 
'81 to Thomas W. Abendroth on Aug. 31. Residence: 
Chicago . . . Shelley E. Wallace B.S.N. '81 to 
Dennis T. Minsent on June 12, 1982. Residence: 
Homestead A.F.B., Fla. . . . Rich Block '82 to 
Betsy Fallon '83 on Oct. 20, 1984. Residence: 
Dayton, Ohio . . . David Allan Cox M.D '82 to 
Emily Celeste Norman on Sept. 21. Residence: 
Chestnut Hill, Mass. . . . S. Melanie Davis '82 to 
Cedric D. Jones '82 on June 30 in Duke Gardens. 
Residence: Easton, Mass. . . . Steve Hayes '82 to 
Linda Patlovitch '82 on July 20. Residence: Ft. 

Walton Beach, Fla Marguerite Henry '82 to 

Tom Oetting '82 on July 6. Residence: Boston, 
Mass. . . . Meredith Brooks Mallory '82 to 
William Whitney George on Sept. 7 . . . Kimberly 
Brubaker Menke '82 to John Arthur Strong 
'82 in June. Residence: East Lansing, Mich. . . . 
Jennifer Rokus '82 to M. Lee Heath Jr. on Jan. 5, 

1985. Residence: Charlotte, N.C Anne 

Teresa Corsa M.D. '83 to Graziano Carlon on 
Sept. 1 ... Alice Fay Giesecke B.S.N. '83 to 
Joseph H. Johnson Jr. on June 29. Residence: 
Seattle . . . Jane Augusta Harris '83 to 
Prayson Will Pate B.S.E.E. '84 on Aug. 10 in 
Duke Chapel. Residence: Durham . . . Elizabeth 
Jo McKinnon M.H.A. '83 to Tom Parry on Dec. 1, 
1984 . . . Christopher Boyd Moxley '83 to 
Lesley Lane Fogleman on Aug. 2 . . . Karen Ann 
Hohe '84 to Barton J. Suchomel on Aug. 24. Resi- 
dence: Tucson, Ariz. . . . Thomas C. Hlllman 
M.B.A. '84 to Lou Ann Simms M.B.A. '84 in 
November. Residence: Cary, N.C. . . . Charles B. 
Kime 84 to Linda K. Mitchell 84 on July 13 
Residence: New Britain, Conn. . . . Nancy 
Elizabeth LaParo '84 to Aaron Watters on Aug. 
17. Residence: Los Angeles . . . Robin Elaine 
Still '84 to David Charles Wintringham on July 6. 
Residence: Burlington, N.C. . . . Kelly F. Perkins 
'85 to A. David Ryan B.S.E.E. '85 on Oct. 19. Resi- 
dence: Atlanta . . . E. Lynn VanBremen B.S.E.E. 
'85 to John S. Gilbert on June 8. Residence: New York 

BIRTHS: Second child and son to Lucille 
Patrone M.S.N. '80 and Norman Werdiger 

D.U.M.C. '82 on March 22. Named Noah 
Alexander ... A son to Charles R. Perry J.D. '80 
and Ann Perry on June 6. Named John 
Wesley . . . Second child and son to Jay Hodgens 
BSE. '81 and Linda Seymour Hodgens B.S.N. 
'81 on Jan. 7, 1984. Named Abram Jessiah . . . Two 
daughters to Shelley Wallace Minsent B.S.N. 
'81 and Dennis R. Minsent: Rebekah Ann on May 30, 
1983, and Sarah Kelley on Nov. 16, 1984 . . . First 
child and daughter to James K. Murphy M.H.A. 
'81 and Susan Graboyes Murphy '79, M.H.A. 
'81 on July 25. Named Jennifer Anne . . . First child 
and son to H. Scott Smith '81 and Elizabeth 
Watson Smith on Sept. 1. Named Harry 
Watson ... A daughter to David K. Knowlton 
'82 and Janet Vavra Knowlton '82 on May 5. 
Named Linda Jo. 

The Register has received notice of the following 
deaths. No further information was available. 

William E. Whitfield 32 David H.B. 

Ulmer Jr. '37, Ph.D. '55 on Oct. 7 in Rochester, 
N.Y. . . . Raymond W. Gallaher '38 . . . 
William Crenshaw Smith M.D. '42 on Feb. 25, 
1985 . . . Ruth Rainey Cottrell '44 on Feb. 11, 
1985 . . . Hura Harrison Payne M.Ed. '48 . . . 
Chester A. Bonnallie Jr. M.F '53 on Sept. 
3 . . . Marcus Branch M.D. '57 on July 23 . . . 
Robert E. Blount Jr. M.D. '60 on Sept. 17. 

Ella Worth Tuttle Hedden 16 on Sept. 15. Her 
book, The Other Room, published in 1947, won the 
Southern Authors Award for the most distinguished 
book of the year by a Southern author on a Southern 
subject and an Anisfield-Wolfe Award as one ot the 
best books on race relations. She published several 
other books and was a champion of minority rights. 
She is survived by a daughter, two sons, and a sister. 

'22 on May 24. The 
Durham native was head of the payroll department at 
Duke when she tetired after 40 years. She was a 
charter member of the Current Book Club and a 
member of Trinity United Methodist Church and the 
Ashbury Sunday School Class. She is survived by a 
sister and a brother. 

B. Cox '24 on Sept. 13. A native of Lee 
County, N.C, she was a retired court stenographer for 
Durham County. She is survived by her sister. 

Jessie L. Haywood '28 after a long illness. She 
taught in the Durham city and county schools for 
many years. During World War II, she was supervisor 
of adult education in Durham County. She was a 
member of Duke Memorial United Methodist Church 
and the Lille Duke Sunday School Class. She is sur- 
vived by two sons, a sister, and five grandchildren. 

Margaret B. Kirkland '30 on May 23. At Duke, 

she was a member of Zeta Tau Alpha. She taught for 
many years in the Durham County schools and was a 
member of Trinity Avenue Presbyterian Church and 

the Daughters of the American Revolution. She is 
survived by a daughter, a son, and three grandchildren. 

William Clifton Pickett Jr. '30 on Sept. 20. 

The Lexington, N.C. , native tetired from the N.C. 
Department of Revenue as a senior division director 
after 40 years. He then opened a real estate office, 
Cliff Pickett Realty. At the time of his death, he was 
president and owner of Pickett and Gteen Inc., a 
men's clothing stote. He was a member of Edenton 
Street United Methodist Church. He is survived by 
his wife, Margaret Green Pickett, a daughter, a sister, 
and a granddaughter. 

Mary K. Fuss '31 in June in Columbus, Ga. She 
was a member of Hamilton United Methodist Church 
in Pine Mountain Valley, Ga., where she lived for 38 
years. She is survived by her husband, Turner Ashby 
Fuss, a brother, a stepson, a stepdaughter, five grand- 
children, and four great-grandchildren. 

Jacob Milton Hadley '31 on April 16, 1985. At 

Duke, he was a member of Kappa Sigma fraternity. He 
is survived by a daughter. 

John C. Taggart '31 on May 17 in Charlotte, 

N.C. Before retiring, he was a regional manager for 
Sun Oil Co. He was a member of Myers Park Presby- 
terian Church and the Charlotte Country Club and 
was involved with the Charlotte Tteatment Center. 
He is survived by his wite, Ethel Bryant Kramer 
Taggart, a son, a daughter, a brother, two sisters, and 
six grandchildren. 

Philip T. Schuyler '32 on June 30, after a long ill- 
ness. At Duke, he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He 
is survived by his wife, Euretta Schuyler. 

'33 in June, after a 
long illness. A member of the Duke Half Century 
Club, the retired farmer was former chairman of the 
Person County, N.C, Board of Education, former 
president of the Person County Farm Bureau, a mem- 

A wide range of liberal arts and pre-professional cou